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Hvonta TO rß*r PUBLISHED WEEKLY ESTABLISHED 1921 Owned and published by the Montana Oil Journal, a Montana corporation. Address all communications to 818 First National Bank Building, Great Falte, Montana. O. I. DeSCHON, Publisher. SUBSCRIPTION RATES; $2.00 Per Year in Advance. Canada and Foreign Subscriptions $2.60 Per Year. $1.25—6 Months. Foreign, $1:76—6 Months. Published Every Saturday. Entered as Second-Class Matter April 23, 1921, at the Post Office at Great Falls. Mont ana, Under Act of March 3. 1879. _ The Montana OH and Mining Journal endeavors to insure the honesty nd trustworthiness of every advertisement it prints and tc avoid the publication of all advetlsements containing misleading statements or claims ADVERTISING RATES ON APPLICATION LAUGHING AWAY AN OPPORTUNITY Darius Green and his Flying Machine" did more to delay the development of aviation than any other factor, for the reason that it is easier ho laugh away a new enterprise or idea than to prove its value. It required a Lindberg, spanning the ocean in a, 1 non-stop flight, to wipe derisive grins off the faces of disbelievers. In like manner, the greatest enenfy of mine financing today is Mark Twain's definition; that a mine is a hole in the ground owned by a liar. Any who has read Twaiin's experiences in a mining ture is ready with a grin when approached on the subject of mine financing. That the fafmous Mr. Clemmins should be highly successful as an author and a failure as a miner is not surprising, Harry Sinclair was a failure as a merchant and a druggist. He "went broke" in practically everything he tried, until he went into the oil business, in which he aanjassed millions. That is true of men in every line of business. Few ribbon clerks can become successful mine operators and by the same token, few gold miners could hold a job as a rib bon clerk. Yet there is a prevelant idea that anyone should be able to succeed in induing. The human element will always be a deciding factor in the suc cess of a mining project. The great Homestake mine is paying mil lions of dollars in dividends from the mining and milling of low grade ores—ores so 'lean" that the average miner could not af ford to handle them. The success of the Homestake in the hands of a Mark Twain would be highly improbable. Yet oddly enough, Twain 's failure laughed a,way many an opportunity for profitable investment. << ven Oil Trade Notes Of Interest to Refiners and Marketers TAXES GIVE GOVERNMENT 57% PROFIT The Alabama gasoline dealer who posted a sign at his tkm explaining that while motor fuel costs 10c a gallon retail, he has to charge 22c because of taxes, has started oil men of Oklahoma, where mudh of the gasoline comes from, wondering Just who really makes money from gasoline— dealet or government. Oklahoma oil men sell gasoline wholesale, In carioad lots. Taey say an ordinary carload of common white gasoline sells at the refinery iw $376. Costs of wholesale and retail distribution, which Include the wages of the filling station attendant, transportation, equipment, waste, loss and profite, if any—are estimated at $400 per carload. Federal and state governments then add taxes amounting to $440 ,i which represents a net profit of about 57 per cent for government, s '"çe the oil men have to collect the tax themselves. Motorists eventuaUy buy at a cost to them of $1.125, this carload of gasoline worth $375 F. O. U. refinery and $775 put-ln-tank, roadside. Sixty Continental station operators met in Great Falls this week hear Frank Moore, sales promotion manager, of ™*' B8 ™nt to who gave the sales promotion program division manager of Butte presided.^ ^ ^ John L. "Chick" Sulgrove has changed the name of his service sta tion in choteau from "Tom's Service Station" to Chick s Shell Stat on. Brlthh-Amorican OU Co., owning the Coutte refinery has Phased the distributing system of the Okanagan-Kootenay Oil Co., in interior British Columbia, including the holdings of R. J. Christian, manager of the comipany, at Penticton. i> I For Complete Satisfaction Two Grades Of Our Gasoline: SILVER GAS the crystal-clear, high-octane white sensation In the motoring gas that is creating a world. CHIEF' MONTO GASOLINE that Is a de pendable and popular gasoline for all gpnorkJ motoring. Various Types Of Greases and Lubricating Oils: = RING-FREE MOTOR OIL and ROYAL SOOT MOTOR OIL sold In all weights for all type« of lubrication. Dependable Distillate = And Good Deisel Fuel i; Two motor fuels that meet spec- |5| ial needs in a highly satisfac- jjjjS tory and economical manner. is 'A > s \ An aü-Montana Institution"—Great Falls *< ( Son Wit SbsfS , v A customer stepped Into a gun store, apparently Intent on making purchase. The salesman set about showing him what was in stock. The first weapon brought out was a handsome, elngle trigger, over and-under FVancot, and just about the last word in a very swell shot gun. The customer was very much interested, but Che price, $60i0 was far beyond bis means. The next assortment shown was a group of a 7T John Smith Finds A Homestead Into 640 acres. So when John Smith took up 320 acres, he had a "half section." His half section might be described as the Elast Half of Section 1, It might be the North Half of Section 1. It is easy to recognize any given half of a section. However, ' all nomesteads were not confined to a sim ple description. Sometimes the homesteader had 160 acres in one section and 100 acres in the adjoining section. So it was that he described his half section as the Northwest Quarter of Section 1 and the Northeast Quarter of Section 2. A quarter of a section is a fourth of 640 acres, of 160 acres. A quarter of each of two sections gives him 320 acres. Perhaps he had only 80 acres In section 1 and 240 acres in section 2. That call ed for this description: the West Hhlf of the Northwest quartet of section 1: the Northeast quarter of Section two and the East Half of the Northwest Quarter of Section Two. It is apparent that a half of a quarter (160 acres) i g 80 acreg. Likewise a quarter of a quarter (160 acres) is 40 acres. That is the lowest common unit In land des cription: 40 acres. Thus the northeast quarter of the north east quarter is easily loca ted and instantly recognized as 40 acres. In the Blackfeet Indian Reservation the Indians filed on all sorts of tracts which the white man has difficulty in describing and which gives headaches to abstractors : Thus we may have such a description as this: N% E% SE% SW14 Section 1. To locate this we first find the SW V *, then we take a quarter- of that and get 40 the west half of that is 20 acres, the east half of that ig 10 acres and the north half of that is five acres. Armed with these fficts, John Smith could easily spot his farm buildings on a plat of his land. He could drive a stake somewhere half section and give a des cription of the location so that a surveyor could walk directly to the stake, or con versely mark It on a map. Thus If a stake were 220 feet north of the south line and 220 feet east of the west line of Section 1, the sur veyor or anyone else could quickly locate tihe söuthwest of the section, walk due east 220 feet, thence due north 220 feet and find the stake. Each township Is numbered to show itg position with re gard to meridian Hnes. The Montana principal meridian runs through Kevln-Sunbur g t field. The townships WEST of this meridian are number ed from that line westward startling with 1, then 2» 3 During the past three weeks we have reviewed the A. B. C's of geology, giving the lay. man a general idea of the source of oil and how it ac cumulates and the conditions commercial m NU Nil WEST HAXf OF NORTHWEST QUARTER which under amounts of oil may be found. NORTHEAST QUARTER We saw that oil is gene rated by heat and pressure exerted on certain shales In the process of mountain build ing. Waters of present and past ages traveling by gra vity from high to low points carries any oil that may seep into porous i'ocks, suclh os sandstones back away from the mountains. This oil. in drops particles of microscopic size gathers over countless ages, floating on top of wa ter. It comes to rest at a point where the water ceases to circulate. The places where underground circulation of wa ter Is most frequently halted are called "faults" and "anti clines." Then comes the birth of mankind and eventually the establishment of government and an American we call John Smith goes west to get him self a piece of land where he can find the Independence so alluringly described by Hor ace Greely. He picks as good a piece of ground as he can find and files a homestead. To "prove up" Smith is re quired to live on the land for three years, to plow up 40 acres, build a home and out buildings and bnild a fence. He is allowed a total of 320 acres of farm land or 640 acres of grazing land. This completed, he gets witnesses to prove his assertion that he hag so "proved up" and a benevolent Uncle Sam gives him a "patent" to his land, bearing tihe autograph of the president. Thus are base titles es tablished. Before 1919 the man who so proved up on hlg homestead owned that 320 acres from the gky to the center of the earth, includ ing all the mineral rights of every kind. But few homesteaders filed on land in the belief that it was oil land, although if peo ple had known as much about geology before 1919 as they do now, everyone would be looking for a chance to file a homestead on an <511 struc ture. That is no longer pos sible because the government now reserves all minerals in the public domain. The first thing John,. Smith had to learn was how to lo cate hlmeelf on the homestead. He had to know the meaning of such terms as "township," "range" and "section." Briefly, here te his lesson: A township square miles; six miles long by six miles wide. Each square mile is called a "section". So & section is a mile long and a mile wide (5,280x 5,280 feet). Each section is divided SEJ NEl 1 or SOUTH BAUE i and so on up to 34, the west border of the state. The town ships BAST of this meridian are numbered from that line eastward in a like manner. 1, then 2, 3, 4 and so on up to 68E. These are called RANGE LINEÎS. We must not say "range four hut must say range four WEST or range four BAST. Knowing the lo cation of the Montana Mer dian, we can easilly locate range 2 east by traveling due eastward from the meridian for a distance of six mlle g . The townships are number ed north and south of a line which passes through south central Montana, crossing the Montana meridian near Three Porks, Gallatin County. So a townships is described by a second dimension; either north or south of this line. Town ship 37 Is 37 times 6 miles or 242 miles south of this line. That Is the northern most township In Montana. The southernmost township is 15 south. So we locate a tract in Kevin^Sunburst field by lo cating the range, then the township, then the section and finally the division of the section. Thus we describe the Barr farm in Kevln-Snnburst as the North Half of Section Two, Township Thirty-five N, Range Two West of the Mon tana Principal Meridian. We can instantly locate the tract on the map. If a well is jot ted in the center of the SB% NW!4 we (find the northwest quarter, then the southeast quarter of that and mark the center of the 40 acre g so es tablished. However, we have gotten far ahead of the narrative of John Smith, whose land may or may not be oil land, in this story, dure of the leasing of his land la the next step in our narrative. i i 1 1 S: -r.' g § 1 h-: Ig g ^=5 acres: * =5 i in hla S ■ corner i constitutes 36 1 Th© proce I NOTICE TO MEMBERS: Some time ago we sent out a bulletin stating that an IM PORTANT EVENT—the most important in the history of this orgamzaion—^was pend ing. It has been CONSUMMATED: thé greatest stroke of good business m our history. It pertains to Kevin-Sunburst Those interested in this field can receive the full news by asking for the forthcoming confidential bulleton. m 1 1 v Landowners Royalties Co, Box 1225 LANDOWNERS ROYALTIES COMPANY GREAT FALLS. MONTANA. ■ Without obligation pleas« send me yjnr publications Kevin-S unburst. . 1 . on i, f . (-our Name in Fail) : i xt : I'r* ►A HEAD OFFICE: GREAT FALLE, MORAVA : - - • a 3 f English doubles brought out by gunsmiths known all or er the world for their expert craftsman ship. Still too high, thought the customer, and then asked If they had something cheaper. Yes. the salesman said, there were some inexpensive models that were made In this country and he could let him have one in the neighborhood of $40. "I'M* take ene of these,'' the customer told the salesman with considerable enthusiasm. "It's really going to be a very simple wed ding.'* • • » CLEVER THESE CHINESE A new Chinese cook employed on a ranch in the Far West, was the buM of a good many practical Joke . On the first night, the hands nailed his shoes on the floor. On the second night, they poured cold water on him as he lay sleeping. This went on for about ten days without a single protest from the cock. The hands decided he was a good sport. ''Ling," one of them said flnal ly. "you're all right. Wei! call off the practical Jokes. "No more plaotical Jokes?" Ling asked, " All light, no more kel osene in coffee. ft ' • The bearded lady in the circus died today, leaving a wife and four children. • •••••• Visitor (to little girl) "Was your grandpa covered by insurance when his home burned?" Little Girl: "No'm; just a night shirt.'* After the golf game, having Just refused a drink and a smoke, the new member explained as follows: "Gentlemen, it may surprise you, but I do not drink, or smoke, or swear, or run around with wo men. In fact. I have but one vice." "What's that," someone asked, and the new member replied, "Well, I He just a little." Drill Contractor (to applicant); I am inclined to grive you the po sition If you understand the dou I bie-entry System of bookkeeping ' Applicant: "I do, Indeed! At my last place I had to do a triple entry—a set tor the active part ner, showing the real profits, a set for the sleeping partner, show ing profits, and a set for the In come tax officiate, showing no pro tits. • •••••• "I am sending a little more ma terial for the Badger just in case he might run short some time in the future," writes W. E. Jones of Joplin, Mo., a steady contribu tor. "Of course, I am not expect ing this to put me in anywhere near in line for the grand prize which 1 understand is to be a fnr lined bathtub. Nevertheless it would be appeciated just now as we are having quite a spell of winter for this part of the country." No Mr. Jones, The prize this year is a demountable cuckoo clock. You know how much trouble it is to take the old fashioned kind out for excercise. Well, that's the 1936 prize.