Newspaper Page Text
Parade of Spectacular Events Coloring Early
State History Missed Broadwater Region; No Outlawry, Vigilantes, Nor Bad Indians There By GEORGE MARSH history of Broadwater coun ty Is not filled with tales of the Vigilantes; what Indian fighting The place was mi a small scale; pioneer miss Nl»l Tie» brought took !U) their civilizing Influence to the county—In short, the spectacular parade of Montana history seems to have entirely missed Broad water. Nevertheless anyone inter ested in Montana's story will find much to interest him in the annals of the county. The first white men to see the region r rty. On with a were the Lewis and Clark July 18, 1805, Captain Clar few men, pushed ahead of the rest of the expedition near the Gates of the Mountains and soon entered wlmt he described in his Journal as "a han some valley"—the Missouri valley sec tion of what was later to be Broad water county. It Is interesting to lo cate the pointa mentioned in Lewis' Journal to see whether the original names have been retained. The point where a "small run" was encountered is the Indian creek of today, just north of Townsend where the Northern Pa cific crosses' the Missouri. "Howard creek," discovered July 26, is now called Sixteen Mile creek and the camp of that same day made "on the left shore, near a rock—opposite two is lands" Is the site of the present town of Lombard. The party saw no Indians in that district but occasionally found desert ed campfires of the Mlnnetarees. Since progress of the boats was slow, Clark found time to shoot antelope and deer which he hung on poles along the river bank where the advancing party would see them. After the explorers came the fur traders. Andrew Henry and Manuel Lisa, representatives of the Missouri Pur Co. penetrated to the headwaters of the Missouri with the Intention of establishing a trading post but they d were driven back to their headquarters on the Yellowstone by the hostile Blackfeet. Placer Miners Were First Settlers The next and the first permanent settlers were the placer miners. The exact date of the first gold discovery is unknown but in 1858 placera were al ng wo r. ked a } th . e headwaters of Wilson creek, and minera quickly spread into the adjacent gulches. Their claims were recorded: in the Radereburg and Hassel districts In the early sixties. John Keating opened the Keating mine at Radersburg in 1867 and in that year the East Pacific claim was located. Before 1904, these mines had yielded more than $3,000,000 in gold. Diamond City, now a ghost town, was the metropolis of the region with its 10,000 people. Hassel, another ghost town 10 miles west of Townsend, sup ported 3,000. W. W. Harvey, who still lives at Townsend, Is the only survivor of the Indian fighting which took place In the county. Mr. Harvey was bom in Laf ayette, HI., and name to Montana in 1871 via the Missouri river to Port Benton. He ranched In the Missouri valley and it was during this period that the fight with the Indians oc curred. Let Mr. Harvey tell the story; The Nez Perce* Attempt a Raid "A neighbor, John McNeil, came to the ranch one day in 1870 and said one of his horses had been stolen dur Ing the night. In a few minutes an other neighbor, James W. Moore, dropped in and reported a saddle had been stolen from his place. They had hardly spoken when William Morgan who worked for the Sands & Taylor Cattle Co. rushed in to tell that most j of his company's horses had been stolen | and that cowboys from his outfit had j trailed them to where they had crossed i the Missouri At Big Springs near j Toston. j T 2 thou «ht the thieves were probably Indlans and decided to organize a party and follow them I knew the only way they could get out of the valley was by Dry creek canyon or Diamond pass. Bill Woods, Bill Sharpe, and I, with four other men, took up the trail and i at sundown overtook the party in the Sixteen Mile basin, 30 miles from the j mn » h ' , . „ ! Remnant of Chief Joseph s Band 11 Nez Perœs, a rem nant of Chief Josephs band which had j been broken up two years before. We £L or L? rldge and the Indians in a 7Jin ey ' ,°§ ened fi ^ e , l ® ,nd the volley crippled some of the horses; (he rest stampeded. We separated into two and tried t0 head them off. pe , returned our fire and I Advised Bill Sharpe to drop behind his horse j mountog heVas sh^tTl^uS «£ knee. I dragged him to safïty H iu growing dark when Bill Morgan and I hemmed in three Indians. We killed two and wounded the third. I kept an Indian's gun. belt and scabbard and Morgan contented himself with a cou ole of scalos which the indinn hart tiPrfto hi, Mt Indian bad We recantured all but three horses OiTthrw^Tome Chiles Cook met m with T wa^n 14 miles from The ranch and took the wounded Sham iSme " 1 wounded Sharp In memory of this Incident, the mountain and creek where the fight Ing took place are called Battle creek and Battle mountain. William J. Sharpe was an uncle of Mrs. W. S. Thompson of Townsend, who remembers the In cident clearly. The rifle he used Is still In her possession but Is to be presented to the Broadwater county historical museum when arrangements are completed for housing the various exhibits. Townsend grew up along the North *m Pacific tracks when they came through in 1883. The first house was built by James, Andrew, and A1 Dead mond in 1883 near the site of the pres ent Commercial hotel. The second old est building Is the one now occupied by the Bon Ton cafe. Here the town's first child was born to Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Knowlton July 4, 1883. The old Flathead trail, about a mile north of Townsend, used by the western Mon tana Indian» when they went east to the plains for their buffalo hunts, has been marked by the forest service for about five mile* through the Elkhom range. It« fair dMiartd «id « Um «round tfete Um «waK» »iills NsfOteOW to the "pre »»hi»* «wi cwwrfiBtf «««rtted insurance rate- mi amKüaim. «rUMswrw. «b 1 hU»uj*i- j 1 * appealed t «tesght by Edvard tMLStste from Issuing Insurance Con ner Insurance _m ealed to the stete supreme court. foBwWtog Us dismissal in the Lewis a*d Olark COW»*» district court Thomas. In his actum led against the state board of examiners, to» State Insurance CASE I» The Injunction suit W. Thomas to prevent tract it holds with the aeeocy of Butte, has bee» » me MfcwwAN* . Dairy Cattle Judges Rank Second ''ÊtëS&âé . I •- TV; m ■y K.-4 mM ySM m ü SIP I I ; ! ! I Above Is shown the Montana State college dairy cattle Judging team which took second place In competition with five other teams at the recent Pacific I International Livestock exposition held at Portland, Ore. The team members are: Top row. left to right—Richard Hansen, Fort Shaw; PanI Pease, Butte, i and John Cummings, Livingston. Front row, left to right—J. O. Treteven. | associate professor of animai husbandry at the college and extension livestock ! specialist, team coach, and James Watson of Glasgow. The Montana State team ranked first in the Holstein class with Hansen the high WO» HotoWn -d OM», cl_ »I high WdMduü I in the compétition. * MM Promoter's Dreams of Making Ophir a Second Benton Swiftly Dissolved As Bloods Swept Thru, Bent on Revenge | Blood Indians, bent on reprisal, _ ut a check on the ambitions of Ophir, a little town founded at the month ot the Marias river, 70 years ago, and which aspired to become the rival of Fort Benton. They k uied about half of the promoters and frightened the rest away, and the river laurels that were old Fort Benton's remained with her until the coming of the railroad and the consequent decline of river traffic, jq xg64 Fort Benton was in the hey de y 0 f her river prosperity. The town was the head of navigation on the Missouri, and the water gateway of all the great northwest The river below her was alive with stem wheel steam ers 0 f u g ht draft carrying adventurers |and supplies into the new land De tachments of troops and government supplies came up the river and cleared for the remote places. Men maA. rich ; by a season's success in the placer mines made the place their rendezvous j while waiting for the boats that would take them down the river to civiillza j tlon. The money these men expended dur ; ing their short stops in Benton repre sented, In the aggregate, a colossal sum. Plummer and members of his bandit gang, with the loot of many robberies in their possession, made their expen dltures for pleasure there, because they were afraid to spend too much money in Virginia City. Hurdy gurdles, gam bling houses and saloons never closed. Gold dust abounded. Merchants and hotel men and aU who catered to the river trade were very prosperous. It was the metropolis of the young terrl tory of Montana. in July, 1864, Capt. James Moore, of the ^ wheel steamer Cutler, ar r ived at the mouth of the Marlas river, 30 mUe8 below Benton. He had with hlm a number of immigrants from Minnesota, Something went wrong ^ the machinery of the boat, and the passengers completed the Joutney on foot xh e was tied up for the winter. Challenge to Fort Benton While lying at the mouth of the Marias, Captain Moore conceived the idea of founding a town there which would rival Port Benton. His dream was to build up A river metropolis. He squatted on ground for the townslte which he decided to call Ophir, platted the townslte in a rude way, and went t0 Virginia City, then in the first Hush 0 f Its placer prosperity, with the idea j in No Wallingford ever painted a more nro^^an^Æ ; ^ r n w w ft r nr ^ii 1 oeep harbor, and dwelt on the fact that hi5 town was 30 miles down the river and would **= the first town of conse quence the v °y a « ers would reach after the Ion « «P from st - He 9010 lots riBht and left ^ lnside poperty prices and experlenced no difficulty In ÎS^iS^onÆ^ho Ä ^ U n rr , tu»Ta *hf n P wf^htHwfaLSidfir TTveT f 35 a ban ker And buyer of gold dust, . Laden with gold dust which was the treasury of his townslte company and accompanied by 20 men who had put ,*■?, his undertaking, Moore parted in the middle of winter back to the new nver town of Ophir. The season was too far .advanced to permit °t much activity, but a large double log cabin, the offices and headquarters of the company, was constructed. When It wa f £f s " . , . rich harvest of next year, Boycott On Moore Followers The residents of Port Benton were naturally very much incensed at Moore's designs upon their prosperity. They became so antagonistic that he was warned to keep away from the town. Several of his associates who ventured to make necessary purchases were compelled to make a hurried And unceremonious exit, About this time a Blood Indian, on a spree with a half-breed named Bas trich and Joseph Pearson, a Canadiern, was murdered, and his body thrown Into the river. His tribe decided to make reprisal on the white men. Port Benton was too large and strong them so they selected Ophir as the place of vengeance. A few days after the Benton mur der. 10 white men and a negro from ? Ph lr Went Up 010 rtver *° «»t timber RWi'rhhffT to t ^Uh ent ^ Ca,f £ mood chieftain, with a strong party ol warriors, took them by surprise, Nod killed every one of them. completed the promoters spent of the winter dreaming of their the for ■ This tr.agedy was the death blow of Ophir. The settlers lost heart, and one by one slipped away. The repairs to the steamer having been completed, the boat dropped down the river, and its departure marked the end of Moore's ; ; about 20,000,000 birds--is reported by 1 the federal bureau of agricultural eco nomlcs. This Is a third larger than last year's production of about 15,000,000 turkeys, and compares with preceding record crops of nearly 19,000,000 birds I in 1932 and 1933. Many birds which go to market this year will be younger and of lighter weight than usual on account of the short feeding, the bureau believes. An Increased demand for turkeys was fore cast owing to the somewhat smaller supply of other meats in prospect and to increased buying power of consum ers - Production increases are reported for all major commercial regions, with the largest increases In the north cen tral and south central states which normally produce about 60 percent of the total turkey crop, project to build up a rival Port Benton. NEW TURKEY CROP LOOMS AS LARGEST ON RECORD The biggest turkey crop on record— ■ i BUDGET FORMS DISTRIBUTED Blank sheets and forms on which to list their budeet requirements have been Issued to all state offices and departments br William Hoskins, state accountant. The forms must be filled out. Ustlns needs tor the next two year fiscal period, and filed with state board of examiners br Nov. 1. Departments are also required to submit an accountlnc of their appropriations for the present biennium show Ins receipts and disbursements. The board of examiners will use the estimates os the basts of Its requests for appropriations from the nest lesislature. LIMIT IS DEC, 31 Kmentencr rates on the railroads for the : benefit of the farmers and stockmen of the drouth counties will expire by limitation Dec. ' 31, according to J. O. Bruce, traffic of the railroad and public service sion. Be calls attention to the fact requires from 13 to IS days to bring cotton seed and other concentrated feeds from the southern states where they are produced, to Montana, and warns Montana stockmen and ' farmers that they must get their shipments | to their destination In the state or lose the ; benefit of the reduced rates. ! expert. Hisnili test it I m î m m ijf r ■ m & ) m. a i y<\ Vj WM 'y's*r i. \ >• i » / WHAFS THE BEAD This test for whiskey is as old as the hills... at least, as old as whiskey itself. Old-timers always shook up the bottle, noticed the amount of "bead" (bubbles) and watched how long the "bead" lasted. Today's genera tion forgot this old-time whiskey wisdom in the din and confusion of claims and counter-claims for whiskey. Get back to common-sense buying. Re member . . . "bead" is a natural characteristic of all whiskey ... a guide to getting the whiskey you want. Do your own thinking, your own deciding. Pick your whiskey by the "bead test." That's the way we want you to buy Old Mr. Boston Straight Whiskey . TEST? KÜI RYE BOURBON PINTS OU ACTS PINTS QUACTS GALLONS SET WHISKEY-WISE . . . BEAD TEST BEFORE YOB BBT ARY WHISKEY $ios $*oo s 10 s $ 2 oo $745 804 t Ilf 'Wi 1 f 1 A WANT AD MADE HEROES OF MEN __ „ ___ fTJE COMPANY PRINTED A CALL FOB MEN TO ASCEND THE MISSOURI RIVER _ HISTORY WRITES OF THOSE RESPONDING - By A. L. CLARK A want ad brought Jim Bridger, famous mountain man. to Montana for the first time nearly 115 years ago. On March 20. 182-, the fol lowing advertisement appeared in the columns of the Missouri Bepub Ucan at St. Louis: "To enterprising young men: The subscriber wishes to engage 100 young men to as cend the Missouri river to Its source, there to be employed for one, two, or three years. For par ticulars enquire of Maj. Andrew Henry, near the lead mines in the county of Washington, who will aseend with, and command, the party; or of the subscriber near St. Louis. (Signed) William H. Ashley. 1 This advertisement proclaimed the unding of the Rocky Mountain Pur Co., and among those who responded to it were Jim Bridger, destined to have a town, a canyon, a range of mountains named ft«- him; and miicp Pink, king of keelboatmen on the Ohio and Mississippi, turned trapper on this, his last expedition. Mike Pink was killed near Port Union in 1823 by a trapper named Talbeau, a few days after Pink had wantonly killed a youth | named Carpenter. The episode of Mike Pink at Port Union is told by the poet ! John G. Neihardt in "The Song of | Three Mends." General Ashley was a Virginian who toSt. Louis and who XTST ST&ASS JSSSS - - -- - - fo ot the youthful state. Major Andrew Henry had been bred in Pennsylvania, and had come up the Missouri and Yellowstone as early as 1809 with Man- j uel Lisa. Henry was in charge of the I ■Jh This is us sizing up a load of grain I That's me with my hat off and my brother-ia Uw Tom »ext me, mad old Nat Week* turning around to see how we like hh grain. Yon can't I tell much about my brother William Wilkea, ■eeing bo'» got fak back turned—but that's Un anyway. It's not Nat's dog. It's Joule, our deg. Harry E. Wilken ,4s fa : 'v; Being its our own Family's Whiskey we give each batch of grain a personal going over! In the Wilken Family Whiskey you're not just getting our ow» personal experience —but til Pop's 44 years—and his pop's too. And it isn't just how we make our whiskey either—it's what we moke it Each and every batch of groin gets a personal going over. But it's worth it all right Just wait till you taste this Family's Whiskey of ours i s AT ALL STATE STORES I proof- -Th« straight whiakie« I* this Mod •»ill neutral spirits. 51 scnbtbt whiskey Hack I f ■ act ora 15 mentes or man i«M.I Bis»llh eWte| t whiskey 15 months old. lb 51 4 yean old, JOt ^ID ftlB killed by first trading George Droi and Clark Gros Ventre*, and from which Henry was routed to establish the first trad ; Ing post to the Snake river country. ; Henry had retired from the mountains ! to take up lead mining near St. Louis. But again he felt the call of the Rockies, and Joined with Ashley In 1822 in the formation of the Rocky Mountain Pur Co. out ££ ttS Asslnlbomea In 1823 Major Henry , pushed his expedition as far as Great Palls, but was routed by the Blackfeet. Then Henry built a post at the mouth of the Big Horn, but a band of hostiles killed several trappers and stole their horses, In 1824 Ashley and Jedediah S. Smith, a New Yorker, explored the Big Horn country, and a group of men de tailed by Ashley, and Including Jim Bridger, made- the first recorded ex pioratlon of Big Horn canyon, of 200 men to Great Palls, on to the Three Porks, across what is now Yel lowstone perk .and through the Madl son valley to the trappers* rendezvous In the Jackson Hole country. In 1830 Jim Bridger, Thomas Fitz patrick and Milton Sublette led a party Half Million Dollars in Fan Hiram M. Chittenden estimated that during the 12 years of its career the Rocky Mountain Fur Co. shipped to St. Louis 1,000 packs of beaver worth $500 a pack. Trappers and traders of the expedition b.ave engraved their names deeply in Montana history— Bridger, Fitzpatrick, Ashley, Jed Smith, j Milton Sublette, Etienne Provot, Bob- ( ert Campbell. Hugh Glass, whose mon ument Is a long narrative poem by : John O. Neihardt. was a hunter for j the Ashley-Smith expedition In 1823, «»« 1 tear to a bit of Montana folk-lore that jg, momentoïs evento riarrativeS ° f . . ! ^ " - *——i ÜÉ INSPECT RUBY PROJECT Member» or the »tat« water conservation j 0Si£?*te2HSf SLs? 'T t SL m fS a JSSS^ S Ät "Sesite ot t£ ES approved Ruby valley irritation project. Lions Taking Census of Stale's Blind Aids Legislative Campaign To obtain information necessary lor procurement of adequate facilities for rehabilitation of persons, young and an extensive survey and condition of blind in the state has been launched by Lions Interna tkxnal, Past District Governor Thomas M Robinson announces. Lions clubs in the state are taking census of the blind in their respective counties by club there are no Lion* clubs, the census is being taken by county school superln endents. The aim of the lions International, after complete information has been tabulated, is to conduct an extensive campaign for legislation which will pro vide fen- special training courses for the afflicted persons. This program is being carried out by Lions Interna tional in many countries of the world, and Is one of the organisation's major projects. HU ■X "S tbe number b committee* appointed nts. In counties where -« PAINTING STATE CAPITAL The Interior of the statehouoe will receive It» third and final coat of paint within a taw dar», arcording to Walter Small, custodian. The work la twine done br the works proems administration. The WPA supplies the labor and the state the material The last coat will cost about M,000, Small said The tint twtt coats coat a total of 110,«0i. Grazing Tract 25,900 Acre* at |3 Per Acre Agricultural Lands in the dark's Fork valley, terms at 10 percent down, balance 10 yearly payment«, bearing 6 percent Inter est. For further information, write ANACONDA COPPER MININS CO. LANDS DEPARTMENT Drawer 1243 Missoula, Mont.