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Montana oil and mining journal. [volume] (Great Falls, Mont.) 1931-1953, September 18, 1937, Image 2

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86075103/1937-09-18/ed-1/seq-2/

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Claim Vast Deposit
P3y Gravel ill Bi§ Horn
Work on the largest deposit in the modern mining history of Mo„-P
tana started last week in the Big Horn canyon in the Crow Indian
reservation, in the southeastern part of the state. Operations arc start
, ' , , . onnn . ,,_,
with a portable wash plant ot rated capacity ot „,000 yards per day.
Following drill testing over a period
of three years, the Big Horn Placer
Mining Corp. started operation on its
Crow Indian leases on Sept 10. A steel
constructed plant assembled by the
Union Iron Co., of Spokane, Wash., is
being used dh a bar where several
million yards of commercial placer
ground has been blocked out by drill
testing during the past year.
Not since the day of the Georgians
In historic Last Chance guich and
Alder gulch have such rich values been
reported in Montana placer operations
as in Big Horn basin. Values varying,
from 12 cents to over $7,000 per yard
in free gold are reported from the
testing thus far. The average dredg
ing operation in this state has had
values of around 25 cents per yard,
and such operations are highly profit

In addition to the free gold, high
values are claimed as a result of five,
assays of the black sand. So great are
the recoverable values in the black
sand, the operators state, that the Big
Horn Placer Mining Corp. may intro-,
duce the use of a ß cyamde plant in !
conjunction with the dredges with
which to treat the black sand The low
the black sand
Claim Black Sand Values
have been $15 per ton.
nf A rh f ' d crafel th is ariordJd the fwt
^I'lndSTreyalty^f % Ä
a n relSt of \hi^ e cont?ac e t y wh'ich eastern
writers sav will net the Indians $150,
OOO.MO. Rgiatog that there are 1 , 800
members of the tribe, each member
«•111 receive around $84,000 eastern
newspaper feature articles claim. Were
such claims authentic, it would H} 6 » 111
a total recovery on Indian lands alone
of upward of $450.000,000 which would
dwarf Alder gulch. Last Chance and
all the other famous placer Properties
of this state.
The Big Horn canyon project has
been much more widely publicized in
the east than In Montana. The pres
ident of the corporation is J. F. Sperry - .
He is Identified as the president of i
Sperry & Co. Inc., of St. Paul, where i
he has been in business for 35 years, i
For the last 20 years he has been ac- j
lively associated with the mining in- ;
H.F. Fisher, executive vice-president
and secretary, has for 25 years been
president of the Herzog Ornamental
Iron Works of St. Paul.
A W. Longbotham, vice president.
is a St. Paul contractor, being vice
president and chief engineer of the
contracting firm of Lovering & Long
John Lyle Harrington
John Lyle Harrington, vice president.
and consulting engineer of the Big
Horn Placer Mining Corp., is consult
tag engineer of the Reconstruction Fi
nance Corp., which federal agency has
then call
We have "cats" and trucks, large
and small, with which to do any
moving job quickly and econom
ically. Call us, night or day.
Phone Aronson Camp
Oilmont and Cut Bank
Itctt the
"^eleplutfit !
It's an inexpensive convenience
to have an extension telephone
right at your bed. A residence
extension costs less than
2 cents a day.
Calf our business office or
order from any employee
tn several successful
money to several successful
f ^mbef of t he cneineer^ad
"also a member of the engineer s ad
' d a f inf n S /to
in pn^fn'
,u».juaAJu aids imany cU îgrees Inengm
^mg. He was at one time chief en
g* n 5*r and superintendent of the
Bacyrus company, which builds large
Bom in Lawrence. Kan., in 1868,
Mr. Harrington rates an important
place in Who's Who in.America. His
chief experience has been in bridge
construction and railroad retainers. He
organized the firm of Waddell and
Harrington, consulting engineers, in
1907. He has buUt many bridges
throughout the United States and
other foreign countries, including one
bridge in the city of Missoula m 1908.
James Walsh, a director, has been
a resident of Montana for 30 years.
He was international revenue collector
for this state for several years and
is now engaged as an auditor at Mis
o. D Joiner director, is a well
Paul business man.
Vast Placer Area
Eastern capital from these men has
Sdate/in^ala^ Ätenex
g»g i%sa?zas!
>ng to at. "l r ^ t ^i es th o f re W orkaWe
twccn 100 and 200 miles_of worKao
P^er ground eontelntog many nul
»ons of yards of pay Jg*g^ 8 The
®î* "l ow ^ d all^the ^west bank of
company ow s 1 in state
, tb ® n nVhe south to the reserv'ation line
hne^on the south w u*e reservpe
pn tlwnorth.Jta|additiontne^noian
h2nk?of lite Sbutwles wUWn the
^tp oanks of its tnbuta^es wiwim
reservation Big Horn can>on is
c 1 9? lt ^ 11 l5 s nea^ the site of
^w'port Smith
historic old Fort faimuv
Coulter Made Report
According to C. C. Coulter of Denver
w ho made a reconnaisance survey or
the canyon In 1935. it is one 01 tne
dee n canyons of the United Stares,
cu tttag its way through a dcaen ahter-,
ent geological series, to depths of irom
1 son to 2 500 feet above the river bed.
ris^drainage is into the Yellowstone
Jiver east of Billings. The principal
tributaries are the Uttle Big Horn,
Devils, canyon, Big and,
fPtHo 1 Ruii Eil« and Black canyon, all
P r om the east and from the Big Horn
™® „ prT1 vartes from 100 to 300 feet
r the^ flow of the stream
wide. NormaUy, ^now ^ tQ
lsat ^ hour Floating dredges are
miles per hour_ r 10 a s nQ ^„ous
worhne the river deposits,
trouble in working 1 e
Sour " ® f f G .®~ source
is considered that the true source
thp Bic Horn river placer
almost wholly derived from auriferous
nuartz veins in the main Big Horn
rnntre as well as those of similar type
fn thé Prvor range, lying to the west
ward Ice glaciers varying in thick
tip« from 500 to 1,500 feet exist today
in the higher parts of the Big Horns.
T'hpv have areas now of from 10 to
s« «inare miles each, at altitudes of
fnnm q 500 to 12 000 feet but they are
nnuT hntsmall remnants of their for
rnVr size They have left immense
^aPiai moraines consisting of billions
"i ,. n . „f thick drift and triturated
pAeirs wherein the gold has been con
cmitaared by the action of water.
centra ted y Values
Claim unusual values ;
, Chief values are found in the oea
of the river at depths as great as vu
feet. It is proposed to wash the benches
by hydraulic operations piimping the ^
water from the nver to wash down
the gravels on the canyon wails.The ;
workable gravel on the Crow Indian
reservation lease Is estunared by^ C 01 Ü
ter at 92 '29°'^„ C 2 a iups of over 60
reported average v^œs of over w
cents per yard. Subsequent esumaues,
based on drill testing, give a far larg
ih t a re ra |uA Horn deoosit 1 vrill°aiferage
that the Big Horn deposit win average i
by far the richest ground for the
amount of available yardage of any
found in Montana in recent years.
Reports of fabulous values have
grown out of assays of concentrates
from drill cuttings. Dr- OepbB« A;
Windsor of Livingston took the black
sand and gold from one drill hole arid
had it assayed. The 225 grams of con
; centrale rah $7,957 per ton Other fhe
assays have been confused with the
yield of a yard of gravel in reports
eminating from the Big Horn country
but the conclusions of the corporation
engineers are not based on freak values
per yard of gold recoverable by placer
concentration, but rather from the gen
Montana's famous 'Tour Hone
® f th «. Mad is«n" have dis
banded until next summer. The 1
"Horsemen," who have become In
known, left for their j
respective homes a few days ago— !
Ben Calkins for Los Angeles, by
of West Yellowstone W. D.
Thornton for New York and
Charles S. Henderson for Long
Beach by way of Butte. Henderson
and Th°™h>n accompanied Mai
coIm GUlls to Batte ,ef * for
hofne in the evening.
. <We didn . t do so we u this year, cm
account of i ow water" Mr. Gillls said,
.. but we had a g,^ time, made some
nice catches and made camping parties i
happy with our donations of fish.''
Death of Mrs. Henderson 1
There was a depressing note this
year—the death of Mrs. C. S. Render-.
son. The first news Mr. Henderson had !
0 f his wife's death was a telegram from |
the editor of a California newspaper
expressing his sympathy-and Hehter
son had no knowledge that she was
even ill, let alone dead. Possibly an
hour after the message of condolence
was received there came a wire from.
Mr . Henderson's daughter apprising 1
him of her mother's death. Sympathy
with him in his bereavement prompted !
the Horsemen to send Hendeison a
pressing invitation to return to camp
after the funeral and finish the sum
with them.
^ nid ^ one™co?ddig to^S J T
^when^e w^^^isTe'Æ
Thornton was about to depart for Mon-'
tana t0 j 0 m the other members of the
pour Ho J rsemen on ^ fish .
^ trl P to the Edison river.
_ »«> English Newspapers
The reference to the annual outing
of the famous fishermen has also ap
ared in Canadian and English news
papers nQt once but times> it
^ reported.
The Thornton cabins on the Madison
_ Just ^ Qf the Galiatin Gateway
Wghway to West Yellowstone-where
fhe Pour Horsemen have been spend
tag their summers for more than 30
years ls more Uke a vllla g e than a
camp. There is a large general assembly
budding which also serves as a dining
room and, in addition, a group of well
built little houses among the trees
where many notables have been enter-j
The Four Horsemen have never
sought publicity but. on account of
their wide acquaintanceship and their
popularity. It has been thrust upon
them. Them long continued association
a nd activity is considered unique. AU
pioneer Montana men but now sep
Hated by the width of the continent,
Thornton, Henderson and Calkins make
the trip each year to "the Thornton
cabmg on th e Madison. -
None Eat Fish
One of the many reasons why their
annual outing has attracted attention
te that none of the Horsemen Mt Mttj
They whip the streams as zealdasly
^ though their lives depended on their
success. Make as big a fuss over a good
catch as any epicure possibly could—
and then give their catch to passing
tourists, section gangs and campers,
Xhe re is no formality at the Thornton
cabins. The capitalist, the author, the
tradesman, the news writer, the indus
trial magnate, the caretaker, the army,
an d navy officers and the delivery boy
a u meet on common ground. Good
humor reigns. If any members of the
party should develop anything ap
preaching a grouch he drowns it ini
the Madison. But the invigorating
mountain air, the beautiful scenes and
the stimulating, exciting tramps along
the river banks furnish an extremely
P°° r media for the development of
gj. ouches and to begin with, the Four
Horsemen are not the type who de
velop such things.
. — -- ■
f t . mad over miles
^ a J. lv av _ era ^ to " tests m£Ule over m Jea
f 1 er bo .
romnanv at this time is dome
no T he bj , c |^ y c ^ g t ^f ve ti " e off ° nn |
of 60,000 shares of stock in Montana.
The anxious to have Mon
Qinekhniriprs in orripr re ah
tana stockho ders in order to estab^
standing in this s8ate. Permit for the
of this 60 000 shares of stork has
S!f n bvthfi state Investment
^L^oner y b ut no strek is offered
l0 anyone living outside the state of
Montana, thereby making it unneces
to q ua uf y the offering under the
federal securities act.
T o give an idea of the vast possi
bilities of the Big Horn Placer Mining
corp. holdings, tiie writer would state
that the only other slmilar operation
th at is anywhere near comparable ta
the state of Montana was that of the
conrey Placer Mining Co. which was
formed ln 1898, and the Poor Farm Co.
in 1904 The Poor Farm Co. was after
wards absorbed by the Conrey Placer
Mining Co. in July, 1915. This com
pany operated at Ruby, Mont., about li
miles from Alder, a branch terminus of
the Northern Pacific. Prof. N. F. Shales.
I dean of the Scientific Department of
I Harvard University, acted as consult
| ing engineer and president of the com
pany until the time of his death in
Cost of Dredging
This company operated a series of
dredges on their property and between
the years 1899 and 1916 a copy of the
operating report of the Conrey Placer
i Mining Co., taken from the proceed
ings of the Second Pan-American
Scientific Congress, compiled by Glen
Levin Swlggett, then assistant secre
tary general, showed that the above
companies dug over 31,000,000 cubic ■
yards with an operating cost of 591 !
cents per cubic yard and an indirect :
expense of 1.05 cents per yard, cm- a 1
I total of 6.96 cents per cubic yard. I
! However, the many improvements
made in dredges since that date have
reduced the cost of such dredging
erations materially. In fact, the (
during the month of
one dredge known as a
rey company.
May. 1915, with
No. 4 electric, dug 411,
with 82 percent running time, a
of 54 feet, and an operating cost of
2.66 cents per cubic yard.
On account of the vast yardage ob
tainable In the Big Horn canyon, and
the canyons of Its tributaries, the
commencement of operations there
should open a new epic of placer min
ing In the state of Montana, one that
should produce untold millions of
wealth, and provide employment for
a vast number of people for a num
ber of years.
BILLINGS— octantw to tha biennial con
vention of the Montan* conference. Catholic
Daughter» of America, recently elected Mr*.
Della O'Neil, of Oieadlve. »Ute regent: Mr*.
Arthur Baker, of Lewbrtown. and Mr*. P. J.
1 Barry, of
eecrrur r-trwMurer.
Mary HMteW, at
Vir «™? Buiidmg
to Be Restored by Government
fo Z^ e ht 5«5? , ÎLJîïLy^S^« 0tt3 l'*
w to
vv. K. Kanxm, an employe of the United
hÄd^Sg^ dev'eloplSTl^Ä
cave. .
:Mr. Rankin ithat
the federal government plans construe-:
tion of a hewed log and native stone
building—early day Virginia City arch
itecture—on some historic site in exact
duplication of the original building, the
memory of which 1? Is proposed to
The government representative 'vo -1
poses to interview Virginia City re si
dents for the purpose of learning
which building wouldTta their opinion,
.be most suitable for restoration. He,
stated that Tom Castle, owner of the
Madisonian, is in his opinion the best
informed man In the early day capital
regarding things historical.
Residente Pleased
T -, „
ritv ânnOTmœd 7 récenUv that Virginia
£ H' fc n ^S? ^th federal
reit* reiTes"" interest
'"rSh« «vs his father was a friend
.. R vumLîf Pairweather who led the
nlrt^ mto AJder mflch to
£^^i^tina mid mining Wstôrv
Sp ^ V s d eSS^ 8 thad Ws
wL and he tovered the
mthTfaU ofl»62 Ssteadof thl
of 1863 aThistarv states k5
Eitherandflve coSlonswere on I
? hpi r w a v t o En^CTan? gulch liear
^eTena from Ba^K^d^mped^^
u . h „. <- now Virginia City he said
^ India n attack. Their
about where the Thompson
cam p
Hickman museum now stands, on Main
str p e '- about a quarter mUe from Alder
«r also takes issue with
sää f s
j^ct^hyV 1 ^ Davis In'memory^
t,. ,mele A I Davis But Romev savs
^meatheV declared that g^l/ wS
^coTered near theTr camp A picketed
hor se had wound the rope around a
sagebrush. Fairweather says he had to
pu ll up the brush to disentangle the
rope—and noticed colors. He. Romey
panned of fche dlrt ' and re l
'covered about $5 worth of gold. This
WO uld indicate that the panning was
don e in Daylight gulch Instead of Alder
pilch. The museum stands on an In
dine that slants Into Daylight gulch,
several hundred yards from the Alder,
]ch site
Romey says he did not witness any
0 f the Vigilante lynchlngs, but that
his father and brothers told him many
0 f the details.
Rad Reputation
„ „„„lodes the bad refutation i ate r
. pAr«t
ri in tarmonv^h
, i 5L 8 ° 0 9?i2f Bruffv Aide? 7 gulch
wh^îlaented tîie b^l re^ta
° f old Pete My s hotel 8110 bar "
ro f?£h._, R nlacp wasn - t „„ bad „ nemo
"/idonfmeM to «flÄ
seys and 1 don't mean to reflect on,
\ I l.l VI Hill I «K
iTUlHJOI llVf I 1L1I
1 urn 1 /ID
> TfJAIVj A V If R Ä I, If
[Mil At El It /ill Li
Last month was both hotter and !
drier than the average August,
mean temperature being 66.8
grees, as compared with the norma!
0 £ 65, and its precipitation totaling
only .65 of an inch, as against the
normal of .77, according to the
monthly weather report of W. E. ,
Maughan, associate meteorologist
in charge of the Helena weather
station. Issued a few days ago.
The mean maximum temperature for
August was 80,2 degrees and the mean
minimum 53 . 5 , the summary shows,
The highest. 92, was recorded Aug. 26
and the lowest, 39, Aug. 29. The great
est dally range, also Aug. 26, was 38
degrees, and the least daily ranee, 10
degrees, occurred Aug. 9. The high
August temperature recorded in 58
years was 99 degrees and the lowest
29 ^f û 8 ^î® s Q . , 9 . h
i? a.Ä
'■!* o' 811 inch, occurred on Aug. 10.
Total precipitation this year up to
Thl nrp y
2.81, the summary shows. The pre
vailing wind direction was southwest,
There were 16 partly cloudy days, one
ffi^dy day, and D ~Snit^on I
0 2^„ T ,,^H L re °ni nY h ln h mo^e 1
i," ,. °L ° r more '
or * „ i - ? Q c o° vi
A ,._ lq
a " d 22, and a solar halo. Aug-19-Tmre
A / g l 0 b 21 1
h'miortiiv w«« vi' ner
29 93 ^ hZ frl
3 a,.^ 5 a h u ^ from the
sournwesi, aug. o.
ble 439.4.
ug. 1. 2, 21
OIL for
Troubled Waters
I N EVERY industrial field, plant super*
intendents and management executives
turn to the Socony-Vacuum Oil Company
with its 70 years' experience whenever a
lubrication problem, great or small, threat
ens to disrupt operating schedules.
At mine, well or
refinery. Gar
goyle Industrial
Lubricants can
help you combat
the heat and
wear of metal-lo
metal friction.
Equally impor
tant, they can
make possible a
Lubri cation
nit son op
s y>unc*mi
i 1
! Dempsey," Bruffy said. Romey says no
road agents were harbored at Daly's
ranch house barroom Pete r>aiv he
bers' Rood justas toey did Dempsey^
ranch. Neither Pete nor Dempsey could
helo that But neither man was in
j cahoots with those robbers and mur
[ derers "
Romey says: "I don't know who
started the story a5ou t Daly's place
but it to a lte?
Among the places nemg considered
for perpetuation, Romey «eld.
old Virginia hotel, the Chinese temple,
the Masonic temple Sisters' hospital
and the stage coach depot
— T** ^ -
nT niTrmniTAAn mm a mi
ül L \j I'V \A/l W il I M A 1\
i JLljll 1 1 ft lA/li ill r\ 11
H 11,111I 111, VI | If f| f\ I J\
RO vrN ft fotfu PREsmrvr
Vern Hoven of Ptentvwood.
conS? atto^i^of SheHd^

Karate'owT at
IfnwnUon re
«(" convention at Poison re
u „ j _ T __. ,
m ^f y of U Jones reri^^d f re
are the
when a fMieraT
Siont wXiX D C
; ^Sve stltfrf&ls were com
Stretlon 'of Ste ^vemmenf
&\*£sssr * adopted by the state
Vara Loveland, ot Lewistown was
elected first vice president; Hugh Le
' "2^; of Mdes Cify, second vice pres
dent; Jack O'Brien of Butte secre
îr^ure^lravl^ Brown of Hel^a'
*f 0 e t ¥^ ]r '_L p?n '
n at ^Si
daHSwimberg. of Great Palls, national
Executive comndttee members were:
Heniy Stark of Hamilton: John Mc
Grath,. of St. Ignatius; Mrs. Farrell
Gallagher, of Anaconda, and Mable
Holdaway, of Helena, fw the western
district, and Jo Colgan. of Poplar ,
Mrs. Gladys Berkner, of GreatPalls,
Grille S î a %U°î» 8< ï >b ^ y a PA
Hulett, of Cut Bank, for the eastern
P r OF» m i urged the state highway
partaient to be given authority
compete for tourist traffic; asked
legislature to enact a law provldtag
for compulsory examinations for driv
er ^s licenses, and urged expansion of
Young Democrat chibs throughout the
Resolutions adopted commended the
state water conservation department's
Records In the office of the state board of
land commissioners are to be transcribed and
classified as a WPA project. The 'work has
been approved at Washington and will be
started on Sept. 35, according to Mrs. ITanita
Sherlock, state land commissioner. It will em
ploy six persons for an extended period. They
will work directly under the supervision of
Mrs. Sherlock.
Natural Gas
Our company is furnishing this splendid fuel to 50
communities in four northwestern states through
more than 1000 Miles of High-Pressure Pipeline.
Montaoa-Dakota Utilities Co.
UinB market is
... . .
. Marketings of sheep and Iambs from
| the 13 western sheep prodaclng states
during the fall of 1937 are expected
*2 106 about tw0 P 61-06111 smaller than
the number sold during the last five
months of 1936, the report
l ay ° Diampnd, Montana
for the bureau, said,
of the decrease was expected
j" number of ewes sent to
market, with the number of lambs
sold e *J* cted to *» about the
as In 1936.
The 1936 lamb crop to the west was
estimated at 19,427,000 head.
V 1 * number of feeder lambs sold
2 nd ® 1 ; "n^, for , fa11 delivery by
Ä?* 1 w " J"* 68 * ^ several years,
the report added
, Vl ere wa 15 restively large
i n the number of early lambs
from i^ntana before Aug^l, as corn
pared with the same period of 1936,
^rly movemente ndlt 0n£ f ° rCC<1
keted this fall from western states
win be "some wha t better" than in
1936. Improvement, the baress of
agricultural economics mt Die United
States department of agriculture
said, was the rcsoM of generally
favorable range conditions Tn nearly
all of the areas from which the
supply of lambs marketed after
Aug. 1 came.
released by
The $300,000 Mammoth Hot
Springs development project in
Yellowstone national park win be
completed before the opening
the 1938 season, Yellowstone park
company officials announced a few
days ago.
Workmen tire now busy constructing
a new $40,000 recreation hall and a set
of 95 new cottages. A renovated hotel
and a new dining hall and grill, units
in the larger project have been in use
during the current season.
The new recreation hall will Include
large auditorium, stage, barber shop
d beauty parlor, public baths and
a cocktail room. It will be In the
center of the development with the
cottages clustered around It.
The cottages will be of varied types,
all Including running water and some
equipped with baths. They will offer
deluxe accommodations for persons de
siring more luxury than is provided In
the present lodge cabins.
a 1

Representatives of Montana and Wyomlni.
acting under the provisions of a
acted by the last congress, soon
discuss terms of a possible compact to cover
the waters of Tellowstone river and its trib
utaries and of the Little Missouri, which
flows through both states. State Engineers
J. S. James of Montana and John Quinn of
Wyoming, discussing the matter Informally
at Helena, expressed the belief that an Inter
state agreement would deal primarily with
general principles rather than specific al
locations of water.
will meet

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