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Early New Year Celebrations
at Bannack Saw Participants Liberally Wined and Dined In celebrating New Year's day link ourselves with a past of such antiquity as outdates history. The custom is undoubtedly founded _sun worship and is apparently common to all people. So long ago 3,000 years before the birth of Jesus of Naxareth, New Years was observed by the Babylonians In connection with the riles of their god Marduk, or Belmerodach, this holiday lasting H or 12 days of the latter part of March. The Jew ish Fnrim, the Greek Cronos, the Roman S&tuiD&liA, and even the mcS^ carnival are all said to be derived from the festival of the Babylonians. ma» oniidc Hire the Babylonians, -JSL th^npw vpar in March and then nit 6 the mistletoe, offered sacrifices and fasted rm the other side of the world the Mexicans celebrated the occasion by humante ings to their ser rSnt^crod 8 g nf wisdom that the It was to the god of wisdom tnattn SSJS ÂîÿcSîVrlïoSS Su>SSS'-m?Slia. t e mmaïïs Jà" of their origin, and yet in this Instance. it is not far to seek-the great Sun who Is the visible source of warmth and light, was on his return journey. , The custom of givmg presents belongs New Years day and not to Christ mas and was common in Rome. France, and at the English court until the 17th century. In England New Year's eve was known as "Singing Eve." as then the last of the carols were sung. The Scotch denominated the holidays as the "Daft Days," which name would appropriately describe New Year's eve in most of our large cities when horns and whistles blow and pandemonium reigns. ! on The Puritans of ed Christmas as a Catholic festival, as the name indicates; therefore, they gave presents on New Year's, and in tto way they were following the for mer custom of the English nobility. In Catholic or Episcopal communities, Christmas and not New Year's was the day of days Tn msher's "Men Women and Man J" In rolomal d2vs " ^ rc^T- "Th^e Sï?mttedoûbr that the New vorkYiS gave us toe custom 1 of cefe^ wTn7v.m g VMrv Sv" «nri then he Ä "Buf to cS this the deStfiU Äs'ure of ^sttog (a Dutch amî^e meS^toen S the first to introduce toe cotmür and "»very into h^ coimtn' ana ffivn g ^ the doughnut wWch HP«?nfrtion to Americim SShs th^i ^n te Sto^e^for lu Holland has con ferret' icrrcu. , . , w v £tc TYn trJi a honored the^ ikst^av^ of • "Somegive for y Hnfnp^ anH 54 !?!'the ^nrftrv car- j ^(wiY nnt^Infreouen t! v° go around 'ta Jl m A S : un ad^tioi^to the^nartv and finSur 8 ending with suDDer P at; some andin an'evening with rofreSnè(f bv anoles roastchest- ' ^Sni^tnrakpand sweet cider " Those ' who' arpfamlllar with Dutch cooking hp nprm 1 1 tpd to d ou b t that the Ske was *«rver nlain or the cider with eVer Piam 1 e a ; _ „ i I**"**"** # a " a J" .™" 17e , < wo'.Hii^+ni, 0n Jvfii? g vSr^ ri î I v m^an^dMtoman? expresse? the^wlsh FhaT't^ ' that the custom mignt be maintained. The foregoing is a lengthy preface | to New Tear s as celebrated in Mon- ; tana, but It follows the precedent of, ft e , J 68 ^ 6 ? 1 and veracious Dledrich J' fv/ 3 *l amous ation of the world. How can one under present wh0 does not too w 'rfll , , , In 1863, moved by the spirit of the day, three voimg girls then living in Bannack, set out unattended to make a few calls. They first called on George Chrisman, where they were entertained In true New Year's fashion, and on leaving hls cabin, went farther down 1 1 MIDWINTER # it' v.05 to f B * Bütt* hum* fRO»* A gndoq' 1 ®* I» »—-v..* $&3 JA \S gioc 53 t» w/iw'n» «'• . V)n'° n v ***** ^ d.** * ^ __ *93» ♦ <* A**» tkaa to* V«k> fai huikte HfOt 2» State Mitat, Satt«, Mmémm F ». I S s I fill '4' Main street to the general merchandise store, kept by Thompson & Swift. There were no women in the store when they arrived, but there were sev eral men, among whom was Henry Plummer of shady reputation, engaged in such a heated dispute with another man, that he failed to notice the girls entry. At first the altercation was car ried on in a low tone of^voice. As their anger increased, they talked louder and presently weapons were drawn. To be in the midst of a free for all fight between desperadoes like the Plummer gang was more of a New Year s celebration than the girls had planned on and they lost no time In getting outside the store, but not before they had seen Mr. Thompson with his hand on Plummer's shoulder and heard him urge "Henry ' to settle his qus^el outside, meanwhile indicating the back "4 not the front door « ^e Çu 63dt - T , h6 , Sirls had left by the front door -, fuUy satisfied with their New Year s experiences, and only trusting th f at f ft** might reach their homes 111 safety. "„SiÄ? SSÄÄaMhS »SftÆ'toÆÂw lat€r a New York Tribune correspon dent recorded how the holidays were spent in the latter town: -Between Christmas and New Year's the city was unusually Uvely. The streets were gay with beauty and; fashion and In the evening merry music and the dance were always to be found under some of the many hospitable j roofs of the town. Col. John X. Beldler ; (then collector of customs in Helena) was here, having a good time, visiting old friends: and Col. Neil Howie, (head' of the Montana Volunteer Indian fight- j e rs at that time) was also among the I guests enjoying the festivities of the capital. We spent many pleasant hours,, afternoons, hearing î during Colonels Sanders, Beidler, Howie, Hall and others fight over again the des perate battles they had to give In order ; to make safe the victory over organized crime. "Finally New Years morning dawned upon the little mountain capital and i it was by general consent laid out as a ' field of froUc ' and a Party consist- j lng of Gov Green Clay Smith, Bishop Tu" 16 - chlef Jp 1106 Hosmer. Secretary Marshall Professor Eaton and some other congenial souls started out to-; gether celebrate. This they did with | such a w111 that at length Bishop Tuttle left them, when they decided to] attend a sparrmg match, the contes tflnt ans ^ er ing to the names of Chick and Teddy." This 1868 celebration was long before prohibition and we may be reasonably, sure that thLs of notables were: liberally wined and dined at the num erous private homes they visited and it is . also i^E ly i. that the / re £. reshed ft*" 1 " 361763 wl( î 1 Uduors ,°î vari6 ^ s str6ngt ]l betw J e6n houses—at.least the reporter m entIoned, intimates as much, but ^ times other manners," It is 3Ufflclen t to know that day was cele brated, however the celebrants may have felt 016 next day ' m Helena in 1877, the New York eus tom of the ladles entertaining their gentlemen acquaintances on New Year's day was still In force there. The papers Published a list of the ladles who would keep open house on that day and gen erallv those who did so were assisted by several others whose names were a 150 published. Helena was then known for its lavish Vifwpitfl Uty and its excellent cooks. All! cakes, etc. served were home made of necessity, the modern delicatessen and bakg ^ were unknown then In that _jt y In th e dining rooms of those re ceivlne, tables were set out with the c hina and silverware and heaped rolls and many kinds of cakes, together with such other eatables as would appeal to masculine taste. Some times, but not often, there was wine, but coffee generally took its place. Early in the forenoon the guests be gan to arrive and were received by their hostesses, arrayed in beautiful gowns, and were at once led to the dining room to partake of the good things there. The reception continued all day and until late at night; yet never was it said that the feast ended for lack WHO WILL BUY THE SURPLUS ? U. S. Farm Production and Exports w e» irj Exports' 140 108 _ ___ _ _ ____ •» V %. W R» I Ik tm 100 * % T , M too-- J Ë r - % _-- t -5K-JL_ M j^T 1 *%. a^ V , | * ^ so — -Ê production *- 1 1-—- 90 p % m w % J ^ ^ _ to ~ ** ▼ " tn l I T I I I I t I 1 1 I I 1 I 1 I «n na m 192 » »» m* ron . ^ t ^ . mm ^ a, L«««—through ot supp Ues. There was always enough ^ to spare. It was a far cry from the ceremonies connected with the worship of the God of Marduk in Babylonia, 3,000 B. C-. W hen human beings were sacrificed, to the celebration of New Year's day, 1877. ^In Montana; with its gaiety and feast "§Ä y u.e m2 TheTÄ 5£ê PART V TRAPPERS Tlf 4 FlL III T/ 1 !? CI TH/IO ! IflA UL ilUllEi OUMo 11M - FO RTUNES ACQUIRED BY FEW HAD vititrii rvFFPT on to NATURAL EFFECT ON IN FLUX OF HUNDREDS - f omne tltion Became So Fierce in 1828 . VT® 29 That It Was As Much A a * Trap* per's Life Was Worth to Sell His Fm» to Anyone but the Contracted Party, _ v : , .. . When W. H. Ashley sold ont lus "" ter t ' n fountain F^or Co. to Jedediah Smith, Wil ham Sublette and David Jackson, the partners «ranged that each should take with him a c ertain of ,"t n different portloiK of the field they claimed as their own. The report of the fortune acquired by Ashley had its natural effectin turning the atten tion of a good many adventurous spirite to the fur trade, with the resulting influx of at least 600 men into the Rocky mountain region be tween the years of 1826-29. Competition became so fierce that it was as much as a trapper's life was worth to sell his furs to anyone but the party to whom they were con tracted. Another trader might offer a higher price. It made no difference. Even the free trapper could not avail himself of such an opportunity to In crease his profits. Under these conditions, the newly or-i ganized company began Its business for 1826. According to arrangements, as al-j ready noted, the partners separated, and smith set out for Santa Pe. from which point he was to circle around to the Columbia. Smith knew the Ore-j gon country, having, before the organ Izatlon of the company, taken a party of five trappers into that territory, be ing the first American trader to do so after the failure of Mr. Aster's fur trading venture at the mouth of the Columbia. 4 When Smith went Into Oregon at that time, relations between the Amer lean and Hudson's Bay traders seem to have been on a better footing than later, for It is recorded that Smith on that trip fell in with a company of Hudson's Bay trappers amd went with them to the Flathead country, where they spent the winter together. This second Oregon trip of Smith s would be a deliberate Invasion of ter ritory the British company feit entitled to by purchase and might have been expected to give him an unpleasant re ception. Attacked by Indians party reached the south Umpquah river, 200 miles Columbia, all went well. Until the bank of the south of the Camp was made as night approached and there was no Indication that they were in danger. Unfortunately, they were in the territory of the Shasta In dians, who resembled in warlike qual ities eastern Indians, being in every respect superior to the other California tribes Smith had met on hls way north. In the morning the Indians collected around the camp but this did not awaken any suspicion that their mis sion was other than to beg. Smith, and "a little Englishman," had river to lot« for a good An Indian had also accompanied the white men. Without any warning of his purpose, the latter seiaed Smith's gun and jumped into the river. Quickly wrestling hls gun from the astonished Englishman, Smith fired at the Indian in the river, who dropped dead. Yells and Indian war cries from the camp told of what was going on there, where the attacking party greatly out numbered the whites, who had been taken completely by surprise. It was not likely that any of the latter would escape and under the circumstances Smith realized hls only chance lay in rapid flight before the enemy discov ered that he had killed the gun thief. A raft was moored nearby. This the two fugitives managed to pole across the river without being noticed. Arrived at the opposite shore, they abandoned the raft and took to the mountains. While they were not followed, their condition was not to be envied; wander ers In a strange land, surrounded, they feared, by hostile Indians, with only one gun and no provisions for the Jour ney, the prospect of ever being rescued or reaching a place of safety was not what might be termed alluring. How ever, but in what length of time we are not Informed, the two came at last to Port Vancouver, then In charge of Dr. McLoughlin. gone to the place to ford. Aided by McLoughlin Consider the situation. These men who stood in pressing need of help from the supreme ruler of the northwest, were members, and one of a partner of a rival company, which, to express It mildly, had not been overscnipul in Its operations when dealing with Hudson's Bay Co. There was a sus picious similarity between the amount of money which enabled Ashley to re tire from business and the value of the furs taken from Peter Ogden. Dr. Mc Loughlin was not ignorant of this cir cumstance, yet here were a couple of men worn with travel, half starved, and absolutely having taken or months modern torn the &d, the Indians ■ed the result of of trapping. What would a captain of Industry have done In such a case? Would he do all in bis power to aid hls impoverished rivals and help to re-establish them In bua Yat this ts exactly what Dr. Mo ineas? Lough) in did. To be sure it may be volunteered that r t of the action taken was dictated aelf Internst It would never do to - - 1 let the Indians think they could plun der any white man and escape punish ment. After hearing Smith's story, a punitive expedition was sent out against the Shastas-Smith's property, what there was remaining otf it, was not only recovered but in marked contrast to the Peter Ogden Incident, returned toi " a-. two „ embers „. f ^î ly v,^ x îLi^ fl i?, e v^^vSv£l ndly tribe un " he , l Went to Vsnooww. The other man ■nimer, was acting as cook when the Indians attacked the strong, which fact stood him in good stead on this occasion. Busy with his pots and kettles when the war whoop sounded, he had time to seize a but found as effective a weapon burnmg stlck he drew from the fire and with it laid about him such effect that four Indians were slain. Taking; advantage of the ensuing confusion he slipped away and at length reached the fort. Here were four men of the Rocky gun, in a stinted hospitality of Dr. McLoughlin. Nor was this all. The governor of the Hudson's Bay Co. chanced to be spend ing that winter at Fort Vancouver. He offered to send Smith to London on a company ship. There he could dls pose of his furs at the highest price, | but Smith's heart was literally "in the : highlands" of the Rocky mountains, toi which he has tened to return, after sell- : mg hls furs to Dr. McLoughlin. There was a desirable aftermath to this affair—a singularly bright spot In the relatio^T tetleen the British and American companies. When Smith was found by Joe Meek in Pierre's hole, where the latter had been dispatched by Sublette and Jackson in search of tbelr missing partner, he told the story G f his mishap and the succor given him Cy the Hudson's Bay officials. Rocky Mountain Co. decided because of rhis to atandon the Snake river coun try to the British and there was peace; between the two competitors. i This did not end Smith's misfortunes. I however. While he was trapping on the Colorado river and attemptmg to cross it with a large amount of furs, he was again attacked by Indians and lost everything. Not altogether discouraged by this unforunate occurrence, he hast e ned to St. Louis where he outfitted once more and started for Santa Fe. This was hls last Journey, as for the third time the Indians waylaid him and he was slain. Smith's death led to the reorganiza tlon of the company with which he had been associated, and its passing under the control of Bridger, Pitzpat rick and Milton Sublette, the brother Q f William Sublette. The parties con nected with this company made fre quent journeys into Montana and were familiar with the country as far north as Great Palls, east of the main chain of the Rockies, The SAM BARNEY BAGS A LARGE COUGAR FOREST SERVICE EMPLOYE KELLS ANIMAL IN AREA NEAR NELSON The deer population around Nelson "got a break" a few days ago when Sam Barney, a forest service employe during-the summer, bronght in a seven-foot female cougar and displayed ena national forest The cougar, he estimated, had been averaging about three deer a day as a winter diet. Barney's dog the animal fell I it at the Hel of flees. treed the cougar and at a single shot. Forest service employes who measured the an imal said it covered approximately seven feet from tip to tip and was one 1 of the largest they had ever seen. Later Î Barney took it out to the fish and ! game commission to see if he could collect a bounty but was informed there was none. The hide, however, is worth a neat sum. Duringthe summer Barney is a guard at the Checker Board ranger station. He spends hls winters trapping and hunting. MONTANA WILL GET ENCAMPMENTS NATIONAL GUARDSMEN OF STATE WILL MEET AT FORT HARRISON Maj. John W. Mahan, adjutant general of the Montana national guard, mid recently the guard campment would be held at Harmon, near Helena, Jane 11 to 25, Inclusive. He said 1,238 enlisted men and 75 officers would attend the 15-day train Fort ing period Ifiktaai also announced the staff of the 41st division. United States army, would hold Its annual encampment at Fort Harrison July 9 to 33. inclusive. Word the camp would be held In Hel ena was received from Maj. Gen. George A. White, commandant of the «1st division. Members of the staff reside in Mon tana. Oregon, Washington and Idaho, Mahan said. Previous staff encamp ments have been held at Fort Lewis, W ash <?> U K hunters score LatMt return* from the "fIrina Una" on the northern boundary of Yellowstone park to the state same warden, were to the effect that the USSIIlMT» Tallow«tone park. duoed tor about 1.300 head open mm. Before the aeaaoa end* It ia «*• pasted that fuhr 3.000 elk will bava beos klUed oat ef the bard. Si too no Mitw UP WINTER TRIP STARTS JAN. 15 ANNUAL MONTANA EXCURSION TO CALIFORNIA LEAVES BUTTE ON THAT DATE Well! You must have been wait Ing for the date when our annual Montana mid-winter excursion to California will leave Butte, and the findings are Jan. 15, 1938. The round trip fare will be $53.55 Butte to Los Angeles and return, or the ««me fare applies. Butte to San Francisco and return. Return limit will betart U19R This fare anolies onlv on trains leav ing Butte on P Jan. 15. 1938. SdpcIaI trains carrvinür Pullm&n stan daîd^ steepè^oniy v?Sl lea^Butte. commencing at 8:00 p. m,, Jan. 15, to Los Angeles arriving there n t a'« a m the mnmimr ivfjim 17. nebular ^im leave Butte that dav at 10:25 a. m., and arrive in Los Angeles at 9:46 p. m., the following night, or leave Butte at 6:30 p. m., and arrive in Los Angeles at 8:30 a. m., the second moming^ These trains carVy coaches. both Pullman standard and tourist sleepers, and diners. Pullman standard ää, ,ortwo> ' T2 °- or favour Return trio vou can stop off Sd mSteTldde trip « the hSor^Death vMley or at Las veg£f N^° make a side trip to Mulder dam knd ïi^Mead Tickets permit s tonovers enroute SK)povers enroule - ring car fares les are: lower ; upper berth EMERGENCY RATES Emergency freight rates for shipment of feed Into Montana's drouth area which were to have expired Dec. 31, have been voluntarily extended by the railroads serving the districts, the state railroad commission has announced. The rates, two-thirds of the regular charge, were put Into effect last July. They apply to points In northeastern and eastern Mon tana. . *?:<• Air Fares Slashed ES; JB «REATâ m wtuiL "'à'*' V ' : ' EXAMPLE OF ROUND TRIP EXCURSION FARES Great Falls Los Angeles (Regular Fare $109.00) Take the Train or Bus and Connect With the Airlines of Western Air Ex press at Great Falls—Helena or Butte —Two Planes Leaving These Points Daily—Morning and Evening. $7575 m ADDRESS OR PHONE YOUR INQUIRIES TO WFSTFRN S* * r- • s '> Great Falls—Helena or Butte Less Than 200 Copies Remain of the First and Only Printing of More Rawhides u A Paper Bound Book, Size 7 by Inches, Con taining Close to a Score ef Anecdotes of Cowboy Life Told in the Inimitable style of Charles M. Russell Profusely illustrated with pen and ink sketches by the author $1.05 Postpaid Price Montana Newspaper Asssciation GREAT falls. MONTANA MOORE YOUTH IS HIGHLY HONORED : BOLTON McDONNELL IS AWARDED GRID HONORS BY NATION AL MAGAZINE Milton J. (8am) McDonnell re cently received notice from the ed Itor of the American Boy magasine of his selection for halfback on the ! all-American honor roll of six-man , football : The selection was made bv a corn miftee of cooches who considered «mi fenm koihi and «nortamnnshin in ni«v' team spirit and sportsmansmp in piay. _ , ant ^ Mrs. 4 8eniOT tli© Moore school and, Pin football, basketball an . ^ 016 norttœrn Montana basketball tournament at Havre be vraa pamed guard on the class B all-state team - He has represented his school at ft* 440 '^ard*dash* and i ?he^^ U vaüu 016 «0-yard dash and the pole vault. particl d track. SEEK RETURN OF TAXES The Texas Oil company and the Shell Oil I company have filed actions against State Treasurer Ray N. Shannon to recover about tll.000 paid as chain store taxes, under pro test. and alleged In the complaints to be Illegal. The Texas company asks Judgment for >9,630 and the SheU company for $1,360. The comidalnt alleges that the taxes were Illegal because of duplication and are discriminatory and collected without due process of law. ELK HUNTING GROUNDS A hundred and twenty-five elk were killed In one day on the Yellowstone park ''firing line" In Park county during the latter part of December, when a herd of the animals swam the Yellowstone river and grased within gun shot range of hunters. The northern herd of the Yellowstone park ts now estimated at 7,000, which Is 3.000 more than the range will support. Officials hope that the herd win be decreased by at least 1.500 by the time the hunting season there Is ended March 1. DAIRY PRODUCTS Production of butter, cheese and Ice cream In Montana for November Increased In each Instance over the production of the corres ponding month last year, according to B. F. ThraUklll, chief of the dairy division of the state department of agriculture. The figures, were; Butter, 687.383 rounds, cheese, 80,345.