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Danger at Home in Bureaucrats Editors of the nation are proclaiming the speech of Senator O'Mahoney of Wyoming, democrat, as one of the most far-reaching of the past generation, from the standpoint of preserving in dividual liberty under the American form of government. Without rancor or partisanship, he showed that this nation faces a danger at home, not so much from outside enemies "as from the ideology which made those enemies prepare and precipitate the war, the ideology of the authoritarian state." "We are rapidly-drifting toward the totalitarian idea that the state is the master, and that the individual has no rights which the state must respect," he said, tracing the growth of bureaucracy in this country up to the moment and showing that it is but a short step from this point to. the European theory of the authoritarian sta\e. "If we believe, as the founders of this nation did, in a separation of the powers of government into the legisla tive, the executive and the judicial, and if we look for the restoration of that balance after the war, then it is im perative that we should at least make ourselves acquainted with the recent trends of government," said Senator O'Mahoney. "To say that congress in tended to surrender its legislative func tion would, of course, be the sheerest nonsense. Advocates of a new order op posed to democracy have reached their conclusions because they believe that the modern world has become so com plex that people can np longer govern themselves as they did in the handi craft area, but must be governed by experts who will tell them what they ought to do and also what they must k do.' The senator pointed out that gov ernment by executive order, and bureau cratic pronouncements which sidetrack congress, is dangerous because a pattern can be set "whereby weak executives surrounded by tremendous concentrated power will become the instruments of a permanent bureaucracy." / Higher Prices on Fuel Oil May Be Boon to Wyoming Higher prices for Wyoming oils may result from the recommendation of the Petroleum Industry War council that OPA immediately allow an increase in price of fuel oils, particularly in the middle west. The resolution called for an increase of 15 cents a barrel for No. 6 fuel oil (10 degrees gravity and below) and the use of a formula which will increase the prices of lighter fuel oils on a gravity scale. The increase was asked for the entire United States, ex cept the Pacific coast, where increases already have been allowed. RATING IS AA-2X A recent release by the WPB on preference ratings on emergency pair and maintenance in oil fields gave the new rating as AA-2. It should have been AA-2X, says a correction just re ceived. re Made to Exacting Specifications by Glacier PROPANE BUTANE NATURAL GASOLINE GLACIER PRODUCTION COMPANY CUT BANK . BUTTE Price Situation In Status Quo as Henderson Retires "The overall crude price situation seems to be held in abeyance," reports Russell Brown, IPA counsel at Wash ington. "The members of the Price Ad ministrator's staff have not indicated any willingness to take any action until recommendation has been made by the Office of Petroleum Administrator. It is hoped that some recommendation will follow early after the report of the crude price committee of the Petroleum Industry War Council." This report is to be submitted January 29. "The present petroleum administra tion has been in operation for more than 12 months, and so far, nothing has been done to increase the reserves of crude petroleum," he continues. "In order to make available supplies necessary for our war activity, it was generally in dicated that we needed to „drill more exploratory wells in 1942 than we did during the year 1941, but the report of the production division of the Office of Petroleum Administrator indicates that there were drilled approximately 92 percent of the number of wells drilled in 1941, and that the results were very discouraging in that we discovered much less oil than was consumed." Other Washington sources suggest that price consideration has been de layed pending removal of Leon Hender son and his staff of "pinks." Senator Prentiss H. Brown of Michigan, au thor of the price administration law, has been confirmed as Henderson's suc cessor. Confusion of Authority Is Due For Investigation Appointment of a committee of fivs senators to investigate the "confusion of authority . . . relating to production, transportation and use of essential fuels . . . " in the midwest, between the Mississippi river and the Rocky moun tains, has been recommended in the United States senate. Says the resolu tion: "this region is threatened with a shortage in the supply of these essential fuels (coal and oil) which are pro duced within its borders." New Group Wages Bureaucrat War Why 280 percent more men and women are now on the federal civilian payroll than the first war is one of the things National Small Business Men's association is trying to solve, says that organization's national publication. There are only 25 percent more men serving in the armed forces and only 10 percent more at work in war in dustries," the paper asserts. DeWitt Emery, president, writes: strenuously object to being kicked around for no reason other than some bureaucrat thinks we should be." We all DAKOTAN GETS LEASE Tom Corbally of the Great Falls land office announces receipt of oil and gas leases from the general land office as follows: To Robert B. Hippie of Pierre, 8. D., for 240 acres in Twps. 35 and 36, Bg. 48 E. Gross Named To Helena Job Montana oil men extend their con grat illations to C. W. Gross, who has been appointed chief clerk for the Mon tana board of equalization, succeeding the late Phil H. Greenan of Helena. ,j Gross has been for many years identi fied with the oil industry, and in recent years has served as an official of the Independent Refining company at Laurel. ! ' j j If Only OPA and WPB Would Read These Conclusions "Thus, it appears the refiners (of petroleum ) are given a celling at prices below their cost of prodne tion. Is this a wise governmental policy? We think it is not," says the report of the special congressional committee which investigated the oil industry. "The citizen should bear his part of the expense of gov ernment through taxes. To exact property below the cost of produc tion is not a Just policy and may well serve as a handicap to our war effort, where it applies to critical war material. A fetish should not be made of price ceilings to stand in the way of reasonable adjust ments justly due producers. This normal incentive to production should not be withdrawn from critically needed war materials. Such a policy is not only unjust, but is also an unnecessary hazard to war production. A Just price ceiling for crude is of even greater importance." 92 NEW TRUCKS RATIONED FOR ESSENTIAL WESTERN USE Ninety-two new trucks were rationed to essential users in the six mountain states during December, allocations offi cers for the Office of Defense Trans portation report. The trucks were re leased as follows: Nineteen in Colorado, 25 in Wyoming, 10 in New Mexico, 5 in Idaho, 9 in Utah, and 24 in Montana. Toole County Abstract Company LICENSED BONDED ABSTRACTORS SHELBY MONTANA pillilillliillllilllllliiillllllllillM Home Oil & Refining Co. PRODUCERS—REFINER8--M ARRETEES Silver and Silver Ethyl Motor Fuels Veedol and Tydol Motor Oils Diesel and Tractor Fuels Veedol and Home Greases A COMPLETE LINE FOR THE PROGRESSIVE JOBBER Refinery and General Offices Great Falls, Montana Standard Oil To Sell Super Fuel When War Ends LINDEN, N. J.—Super fuels for su per engines were brought a step nearer in two wartime developments, with tremendous possibilities for peacetime applications. Standard Oil Co. (N. J.) formally put into full operation its new fluid catalytic cracking plan, a 16,000, Oft" maze of pipes that can produce a mili tarily secret amount of 100-octane avia tion gasoline daily. In opening ceremonies. Standard Pres ident Ralph M. Gallagher predicted an tomobiles could achieve 40 miles to the gallon with motors designed for this special fuel, and in speaking of gaso line "with an octane rating much higher than 10ft," said: "We recognize no ceiling." Another announcement, from Houdy Process Corp., said that company had developed a catalytic refining method by wîiich such powerful gasoline could be produced that airplane motors would have to be redesigned to get full use of its energy. Senator Brown Is New OPA Head The appoint men! of Sen. Prentiss M. Brown of Michigan as price administra tor to succeed Leon Henderson has been approved by the senate. Brown, 53-year old native of St. Ignace, Mich., is im mediately taking over. Henderson is retiring "because of ill health." Senator Brown was author of the price control bill but is neither a "red" nor a "pink" and the nation will watch with interest j his handling of the gigantic OPA or ganization which Henderson and Dr. Galbreath, his right bower, built up under a definite plan of regimentation. OIL INSURANCE Handled by Experts PHONE 6858 MONTANA GREAT FALLS ,* ra,a.!a.