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The Coster Massacre.
The tenth anniversary of the Custer massacre, which was observed at the battle-field in Yellowstone county last Fridav by a few army officers and others recalls vividly to the minds of many the history of that momentous encounter. General .Tames S. Brisbm has written a detailed account in relation to the mns sacre. He believes that one of Custer s force, a Crow Indian, escaped, ami he recites his story as follows: "The only man known to have escaped from the Custer massacre was Curly, ■ Cn,w Indian. I knew Curly well, and talked to him about the battle. He was outs detailed from , with Mich Boyer one of the six Crow » Gibbon's column to g and George Herenden to guide Custer. Just ltefore the battle < aster sent llcren Face and two other Keno. ami took Mich Crows with his i, Half-Yellow ,w scouts with ver, Curly and tw Herenden, Half-Fellow two Crows with Reno Rover and two of taped uetuii, ..... 1 I * 1 . ... , Crows with (aster were killed. ,nly man who escaped, ami I "ill let him tell his own story. His were the only eyes of all the hun dreds in Custer's column that battle and were not closed in Curly said: "'I went down with the tw Crows and went into action with Custer The General kept down the river on the four miles after Reno had south side above. He vould drive down the „ v could attack the vil i..< he believing Rem column, and the .J death, but the Curlv was the law the death. U her north hank crossed to the thought Reno valley so that t läge on two s would take it at the upper end, while tie (Custer) would go in at the lower end Custer had to go further down the river and further away from Reno than lie wished, on account of the steep hank along the north side; but at last he fuun a ford and dashed for it. The Indians met him and poured a volley in a heavy fire across the narrow river. Custer dis. mounted to light on foot, hut could not get iiis skirmishers across the stream. Meantime hundreds of Indians on foot and on ponies poured over the ri\ei which was only about three feet deej and filled the ravine on both sides of Custer's men. Custer then fell back t some high ground behind him and seized the ravines in his immediate vicinity The Indians completely surrounded Cus ter ami poured in a terrible lire on all sides. They charged Custer on foot in vast numbers, but were again and again driven back. The fight began about two o'clock and lasted until the sun went down over the hills. The men fought desperately, and alter the ammunition in their belts was exhausted, went to their saddle-hags, got more and contin ued the fight. The Big Chief Custer lived until nearly all his men had been killed or wounded, and went about en couraging his soldiers to figth on. Custer got shot here (in his left side) and sat down with his revolver in his hand. Another shot struck him and he fell over. The last officer killed was a man who rode a w hite horse (Lieut. Cook.) When I saw Custer hopelessly surround ed, I watched my opportunity, got a Sioux blanket, put it on and walked up a ravine, and when the Sioux charged I got among them and they did not know me from any of their own men. There were some mounted Sioux, and seeing one fall 1 ran to him, caught his pony, mounted it and galloped down as ifg'ûng toward the white men. but turned up a little ravine and got away. As I rode off I saw. when nearly a mile from the bat SluWoRf, m if/KCi» oi m«ro oolJiosw in « ravine fighting with Sioux all around them. I think they were all killed, as they were outnumbered five to one and apparently all dismounted. I saw one cavalry soldier who hail got away. He was well mounted, but shot in both hips. I think he starved to death in the Bad Lands, or more likelv his trail was fol lowed and he was killed by the Sioux.' Such was the story of the great battle. "This, probably, is the most we shall ever know of Custer's battle. It is enough. Curly was apparently a truth ful Indian and told his story in a straightforward manner. The records show that he was with Custer, and all he says is likely correct. So let it rest." Indian Reservations. Senator Harrison, from the Committee of Indian Affairs, filed a supplementary report regarding the investigation of the condition of the Indians upon reserva tions. The rejKirt of the committee says regarding the Crow Reservation ttiat there are about 1,050 Indians drawing rations there. The report says: "The Committee are of opinion that the Reservation is much larger than is need ed or can be used by the Indians resid ing therein; but if the lands are covenant ed by treaty with them, we cannot re possess them without the consent of the Indians. We believe it is entirely practicable to procure the consent of the Indians to a reasonable reduction of this Reservation. In the opinion of the Committee, the consideration of $50,000 per year given by Messrs. Blake and Wilson for the rental of between 2,500, Ü00 and 3,000,000 acres of these lands was very inadequate, and the report says: "Charges of fraud in the negotiation of the lease were made. It is enough to say that the Indians are incapable of the in telligent transaction of such business. If leases are to be allowed at all, the De partment slituld have taken the entire supervision of t he business." What Farming Is. Farming is something beyond mere hoe exeicise. Farming feeds all the world, and fur nishes material for its clothing. Farming is brains put to use. Farming is the life with the most healthful, most beautiful, most ennobling surround ings. Farming is the highest phase of manu facturing, for it deals with life as the most potent factory in the processes of the art. Farming is commerce, and the good buyer and seller is the most successful farmes, who must watch the markets the course of supply and demand, and shape his operations accordingly. Old horses often get in the habit of swallowing their food too fast. This is from a painful realization of the danger of not getting a square meal if they de lay. None the less the habit is a bad one, and should be corrected. A few clean cobble stones mixed with the oats in their box and left there will cause them to pick the feed over slowly and masticate it more thoroughly. Cut feed is less likely to be eaten rapidly than whole grain, and dry meal than that which has been wet. In his first message to congress, Presi dent Cleveland said: "The fathers of c ur families are the best citizens of the republic. Wife and children are the sources of patriotism, and conjugal and [»rental affection begets devotion to tbe country." THINGS TERRITORIAL. Tho Fort Peck Indian Agency has another agent. Sixteen briek buildings are in c -urse of erection in Livingston. The .Montana wool crop will be much heavier this vear than usual. President Harris is expected over the road in a few days on his annual tour of inspection. Montana wools are still quoted in the Boston market as follows: F'ine, 21 .«-22c; medium, 21C« 23c; The Moulton Mining company, Tliurs day, shipped twelve bars of bullion valued at $15,400. The Crow Indians are said to he set-| tling down on severalty lands and niak ing some attempts at farming. Large stock owners believe they- will have to erect feeding houses on the ranges before many seasons pass. The artesian well in the Miles Citv court yard flows at the rate of 125 bar - rels in twelve hours. Water was struck at 350 feet. The dry-goods merchants of Helena are trying to arrange to close their stoics at S o'clock in the evenings, thus giving themselves and their clerks an op portunity for necessary recreation. T. W. Kane iV < 'o., brokers claiming to represent Win, Martin it Co., of Helena, failqd,not paying the balances due to customers. Mr. Kane says that Martin & Co. have a balance sufficient to meet the liabilities but refuses to forward the in the House on motion of Scott, of Pennsylvania, the Right-of-Way hill through the northern Indin reservations was taken up and passed by a decisive j vote. .Haxing previously passed the Sen- ! ate, the hill, with the sanction of the j President, which is assured beyond all I peradventure, becomes a law at once, A Union Pacific circular just issued j authorizes a half rate tarft both ways be- j tween all stations on the Utah it North- j ern and Oregon Short Line upon race j horses, sulkies and other pharaphalia, j also half rate both ways to one man in; charge, on account of the Montana races, from July 3d to August 23d. The order i takes effect at once and ex [lires Septem- ! ber 1st. Bruce Wallace, who carried off the j territorial honors fur the W est Point j cadetship, has sent a telegram from West j Point to his brother, Wm. Wallace, Jr.,' announcing the fact that he had passed | the West Point examination and was in j barracks on the Hudson. He passed the , physical examination on Monday, the j 14th, and the examination as to mental j acquirements commenced on Wednesday j and closed on Saturday. Three fine saddle horses were stolen i from Mussigbrod & Mitchell's pasture at ; Warm springs. One of them was the | property of Dr. Mitchell, another belong ed to Mr. Deschield of Deer Lodge, and the third was the joint property of the two doctors. The animals were taken out of the pasture at about 4 a. m. An employe saw them being led out, but supposed another employe was doing it and thought no more about it. On the 20th of last April a 13-year-old boy named Harry Nichols "played hookey" and went to the Odd F'ellows' picnic at Anaconda. Since that date the boy's parents have neither seen nor heard of him, and a systematic search of the city has failed to discover him. The liny iu l'ï ÿUMMi af «8° > ^* ao hoi»» and eyes, ana wnen be lert home was dressed in a suit of dark-colored clothing straw hat, navy-blue shirt and laced shoes. Any person knowing anything of tlie boy's whereabouts will confer a favor on the uneasy parents bv coin municating with Sheriff Sullivan, of Butte. A Child of the Howling west. The following item refers to the ac-. complished Supeiintendent of the Public j schools of Lewis and Clark countv. 'Truly America deyeloi* some strange j characters, says a writer in the New F ork j World, There came to New York some; time ago a woman with a history that readH like a romance. She is the daugli • ter of Gen. Malcolm Clarke, of the regular army, who was killed by an Indian whom j he had befriended some years ago, and | who left a family of eight children the j result of his marriage with an Indian] squaw. Miss Helen Clarke, the eldest of j these children, was educated at a convent in Cincinnati, and is possessed of a very j biilliaut mind and unusual histrionic j talent and came here to prepare herself ; for the stage, which she proposes adopt- ; ing as a profession. Her presence where- | ever she appeared in the city never fail- j ed to attract attention, as her looks pro claimed the Indian beyond a doubt. Tall, straight, sinewy, with wiry black hair and the unmistakable Indian features, she presented a remarkable appearance, especially when elegantly attired. She is well known in the West, where her father's bravery won for himself and children a name, and in Montana, where she was born and still lives, she holds the position of commissioner of publie schools, her duties in this capacity neces sitating her traveling much alone over that wild mountain country, often on horseback, with a revolver in her belt. On one of these pleasant little jaunts, while going through a lonely spot known as Prickly-Pear canyon one misty November morning; Miss Clarke dis covered the bodies of five road agents hanging from limbs of trees where they had been made to answer to the vigi lantes for their crimes the night previous, a sight that would have rather shaken the nerves of a New York society woman but this child of the howling west was too well accustomed to life on the border to be frightned at anything of that sort, and rode calmly on. Her father and one of her brothers were shot down before her, and from her inlancv she had been used to danger. She is highly connected on her fathers side, and inherits a fortune from him, while her mother still remains with her tribe, the Black feet Indians. While here Miss Clarke was for some time the guest of Gen. and Mrs. Palmer, the latter being her cousin. She thought New York life tame and New F'ork wom en rather uninteresting They lacked the nerve that constitutes one of the chief charms of a Western belle, of .vhorn Miss Clarke is a fair sample." Undigested Food In the stomach develops an acid which stings the upper part of the throat and palate, esua ing"heartburn »• It also evolves s gss which produces "wind on the stomach," and a feel ing and appearance of distension in that or gan after eating. For both this scidity and swelling Hostetler's Stomach Bitters is a much better remedy than alkaline salts, liks hartshorn and carbonate of soda. A wine glassful of the Bitters, after or before dinner Till be found to act as a rel table carminative Jr preventive. This line specific for dyspep. si*, both in its acute and chronic form, alsp prevents and cures malarial fever, constipa tion, liver complaint, kidney troubles, ner vousness and debility. Persons wboobsenrs In themselves a decline of vigor should nil this fine tonic without delay. j J j | j | I 1 ^ ■ j j J i ROYAL &AKIM c POWDER Absolutely Pure. Tills powder never varies. A marvel of purity, strength and wholesomeuess. More economical than the ordinary kinds, and cannot be sold in competition with the mul titude of low test, short weight, alum or phosphate powders. Sold only in cans. The Royal Baking Powder Co.. 100 Wall St., N. Y. A Rev.SamP. JoucsSermons gents wanted FOR The first and only illustrated book of ser mons in the world, as well as Coe only full and complete edition, it contains more ser moiisand fuller reports than any other edi tion published, the admirable correctness of, which, Mr. Jones lias explicitly certified to. As delivered in Chicago, Cincinnati, Ht. Louis Atlanta, AiiKusta.Waeo, Memphis, kashville, I Baltimore, d-c. Contains «OU paxes, and over tie full pages illustrations, with best portraits of Sam Jones and sum Small ever engraved. -THE ONLY HONEST AND AUTHENTIC EDITION Only full reports printed ; d< not mistake it for one of the small pamphlet editions. Sam Jones has repeatedly denounced these garbled and abbreviated reports as without bis sanction, and as doing him rank injustice. Write at once for illustrated circulars and terms, and name your choice of territory ; or to secure it instantly, send 75 cents for com plete agent's outfit, wtiieix will be forwarded by return mail, postpaid. Pastage stamps accepted. Liberal terms guaranteed. Address H EITERT & (ULE Publishing Co., 810 it 812 Olive Street., ST. LOUIS, MO. j i ! j j j | j , j j j i ; | j j j j | j j ; ; | Farmers, Ranchmen! STOCKMEN HERE ARE SOME PACTS. That will interest you. We are the sole Agents for the Deering Har vester and Binder, Giant Mower, Buck eye Rake, and Force Pumpst the famous Studebaker Spiing and Farm Wagons, Fürst & Bradley and Peru City plows. A"<i a itxigir «nnmiit of other Machinery needed hv mmeesafiil fonnora u r « agente for the best makes of reliable firms ; machinery that combine simplicity with the latest of modern improveneute calculated - to save labor, and give the best results. For instance, take our Giant mower with its knife sections 2} inches wide, making it easier to draw, the grass is subdivided better and cut more easily ; the cut ting angles of the knife is more effective. These mowers cannot be improved upon, esj«ecially for cutting light or hunch grass, come and see them before purchasing. Those who have tried our DFIERING HARVESTERS have always ad mitted them to lie UNSURPASSED. This year we will still show you further improvements in them. It will be to your advantage to call L. Benepe. Bozeman, Montana. TIVOLI+BEE R*H ALL* A N D*S ALOON. IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC BEER, F'INE LIQUORS AND CIGARS. Imported Delicacies of all kinds. Lunches put up at short notice. FINE FURNISHED ROOMS TO RENT. V ogel <fc Buell 1er, Main Street - Bozeman, Montana LOUIS SPERLING! Having purchased the entire business I am now ready to meet my competitors with prices, and as I am daily receiving fresh Groceries ! --A LARGE INF'OICE OF Clothing, Boots and Shoes. j list ^ Received., OATS, FLOUR, GRAIN, &c. Taken in Exchange. Flannels, Jeans, Quilts Blankets, waterproofs, Yarns and FURNISHING * GOODS A LARGE AMOUNT OF REMANENTS AT A BARGAIN. ES?"Ft will be to the advantage of eyery man owing this firm to settle at cnce and save a large amount of costs. Pure ice delivered to any part of the city in quantities to suit purchasers. H. CLEVELAND, BOZEMAN, MONTANA MOUNTAINEER Will make the season of 1886 at BOZEMAN, MONTANA, for a limited number of Mares, $25 FUR THE SEASON, With the privilege of returning if not with foal. PKDFURKK : - Mountaineer by Clark Chief, Jr.; first dam Mary Flagle, by American Clay, 2d dam by Gray Flagle and 3rd dam In old. weighs hands high. 1150 pounds, stands i.'iS . T , , Imported Hooton, sire of Lulu dam, \i„i,m record of —. 1 - * •} - Mahogony hay, III years JR. CLARK CHIEF, Will make the season of 1880, AT HELENA AND DEER LODGE. We also have a FOUR YEAR OLD STALLION, 16 hands high, bv Clark Chief, Jr., weighs 1180 pounds. Brown in color and is for sale. K. T. BARNETT. CARS OB' IT ! FRUIT. FRUIT. PENDLETON'S -Wholesale and Retail— CONFECTIONERY, CIGAR, Tobacco and Notion Store. E. J. OWENHOUSE, (Successor to F'rank Essler,) Saddles, "Chaps, ' Quirts, Spurs, Harness, Riatas, Cinchas, THE FINEST WORKiFOR THE LEAST MONEY Give Me A Cali. Before Purchasing Elsewhere. CASH PAID FOR HIDES. WOOL. Ac. and OATS TAKEN IN TRADE. MATTHEW S' *HOT •» SPRINGS* HEALTH AND PLEASURE RESORT. Matthews' hot SPRINGS, neab bozeman, mostasa. [From a sketch by John Passmore. -Seven Mtles From Rozeman.— J. MATTHEWS, Proprietor. ANY ONE CAN Become mo thoroughly posted iu three weeka' reviewing with the COMMON SCHOOL QUESTION X W ....... By it* □cation CERTIFICATES CAN BE OBTAINED.' A better review cad be xntde from thla book In one week than from Text Books In three month«. In prw paring for examination« it has no equal. PARLIAMENTARY RULES ARE WORTH THE PRICE. U does not deal in proofs or arguments. Questions nre stated, and short and comprehensive answer* given. It supplies »want long felt among teachers In reviewing brlerty and comprehensively the different branches taught In our schools, without recourse to the tedious process of examining the text books from be gtnnlng to end. The arrangement has been carefully studied. The questions on each of the studies embrace an the leading and technical point». This work Is especially adapted to Normal training. Institutes, or tbe private library when a general review is required to prepare for school certificates. It is only to be seen to be appreciated. Many claim that tbe book can bavuno equaj. considering the assistance It renders In review ing and bringing back to memory the principal questions represented In colpmoij school studies. TIISTIMONIAX-S. [Extract» from Letters to A. H. Craig, representing thousande of nammeip dations. ) New York.—I have sold over 10,0» copies, and the demand still continue». I have never handled a hook which gave such general satisfaction. W. 0. HAGAK, Ed Pupil's Companion. Svbaccs*. N. Y.—you have a splendid book for teachers and reviewing classes, and it is bound to have a very large circulation. Ship 1.0» by freight C. W. BARDEEN, Dealer in School Supplies. St. Albans. Vt.-They sell at sight, and are highly recomtnende.d by our advanced teachers. ALBERT F. LANS. Bryan, Tex.—I have used your Book for several years, and am mack pleased with it. WM. A. BANKS, A. M.. Sup't City ScLools. One Copy, SI. 50; Two Copies, »«.SO; Six Copie», 86.00. tr Sent by mull. AGENTS WAITED. SEND 35 CENTS for canvassing book; terms and instruction* to agents; recommends, description, binding, etç. Thirty cent* allowed lx returned In exchange for Question Book. As Hi CRAIG) publishes! Caldwell, Racine Co., Wie* UT 1 Remit by Money Order or Postal Note on East Troy, Wi*., or by Begi* tere4 jjcuier pq CqJdwelJ, Wly. Small amounts by eoinuiofl ifi&ii 3500 3500 QUESTIONS. ANSWERS. Each branch is divided in to two departments, one for questions and one fur an iwers. Each question Is numbered and a like npmber la given the corresponding answer. Civil Government, Parliamentary Buies, Beading, [Made Easy, Infinitives mud Participles Penmanship, Physiology, (Inited States History, Geography, Grammar, Written Arithmetic, Physical Geography, Orthography. HELENA IRON WORKS. fu." ' ESTABLISHED 1867 W est Main St., Helena, M< rcra B. H. TATEM, Proprietor. Mining, Milling and General Mach)» ery. Iron and Brass Castings of every description, Chilled Castings of unex celled quality, (Special machinery or dered from the manufacturers. Fargo s Patent Stamp Guide. Antracite, Bi tuminous and Blacksmith's Coal Wholesale and Retail. I I. R. ARMENT, EAST MAIN STREET, - - BOZEMAN. Dealers in FRESH FRUITS AND VEGETABLES, IMPORTED and DOMESTIC CIGARS, LIVE AND DRESSED POULTRY, RANCH BUTTER AND EGGS. F'INE CANDIES AND NUTS. Will deliver goods to any part of the city. 1880. FIVE YEARS Of PROGRESS. 1886. ^WILLI AM * NEVITT,^ -My Specialities are STEEL NAILS & BARB WIRE T. Hardware, Tinware, AND House Furnishing Goods. SashDoors and Blinds Building Paper and Roofing Felt. As I buy in car load lots, will make bottom prices. TIN AND IRON ROOFING. A_firet-class tin shop in connection. Correspondence solicited. W. M. NEVITT. A. LAMME J. S. MENDENHALL y^mme <$ Co Wholesale and Retail Dealers in FINE GROCERIES ! IUEENSWARE •I H ardware , -A COMPLETE STOCK OF Boots -AND LIQUOR] CIGARS BOZEMAN, - - - - MONTANA. Patronize Direct Importation. WSMi a«* KENTUCKY. A#™ m Ll% S OIS'U office 0 Knees. uTHti-co-Citea. THE ABOVE WELL-KNOWN BRAND HAS BP7EN ANALYIZED BY THE most prominent chemists and pronounced by all to be F'REE FROM ANY ADULTERATION, AND IS ALSO HIGHLY RECOMMENDED By the meijical faculty for medicinal and famjlv purposes, Orders ip wholesale taken to he shipped direct from the distillery, hy W. IT. TRACY, Sole Agent for Bozeman, M. T. For sale also by the barrel, half-barrel and in kegs of fifteen, ten and five gallons each ; all in the original packages and under the Kentucky stamps. For sale also retail bv the gallon and bottle. Bottle goods none genuine unless bearing the signature of W. H. Tracy, over the cork. el lc C. HAMILTON, GEO. W. MARDIS HAMILTON MARDIS, $5 Wholesale and Retail Dealers in all Kind* - of FRESH AND SALT MEATS Eggs, Butter and Vegetables. Poultrv Always on Hand and Garne i u Season Next to Nichols'Hardware Store. - - Branch shop ^berline (Joi It Vi Humphreys H JMlOPrtTHIC Veterinary Specify Cure H of Horses, Cattle, Sheep ! DOGS, HOGS, POULTRY, In use for over 20 years by Farmer^ Stockbreeders, Horse It. R., Ac. Usnd by U. S. Government. •»- STABLE CHART Mounted on Rollers A Book Mailed Free. Humphreys' Med. Co*. 108 Fulton Si., 1,| O TEAM PLANING MILL. KOCH & VREELAND PROPS, Wje keep at our Lumber Yard a pleti 1 stock of SEASONED LUMBER, are prepared at all times to do PROMPTLY AND WEi.L ■ carry Sash, Doors, etc., in fact h and We ERY 1'HING in theLUMBF] ''H I.lV;B 1 in the construction of budiiJi FREE DELIVERRY. Ü —GIVE US A CALL. AI.L KINDS OF CONTRACTS TAKfJ I I me nesp pu elena Business UollegeJ» ENGLISH TRAINING SCHOOL 1 CO tNER MAIN * SIXTH A VK., HF.LESjB M. r., Re-Opened Tuesday, sect, ut, a: ,8 will continue throughout the year, practical school for young men anj l wishing to acquire a thorough bun" '"education. The courses of instructs * ued here are Commercial, Breparator ™ nglit-h, stenography and Type wrltln," Art. Crayon and Architectural drawing K-KEEPINO, PENMANSHIP and STENonjll RAPHY a SPECIALTY. ' gj ie same text-books and modes of teachiul used here as in the celebrated Bryantl! i.ton Business Colleges. 1 renlng session from October to April ew circular giving course of study rati ion, &c. free. Address, H. T. ENGELHORN,) „ . Or E. O. RAlLSBACK.f Princl P Watches, Jewelry bolid Silver Plated war French decks', OPERA GLASSES, Spectacle! Look everywhere, but come here and see us before you buy. Out prices and goods can not be duplicated in the territory. E^ery Article Warranted AS REPRESENTED. Pease & Steffins, Jewelers, REMEMBER THIS F you wisli to buy anythin? thp line pf WATCHES, CLOCKS iwclry, Silverware or Specta cles, call and see my prices and goods. lean and will sei 1 good goods at the LOWEST PRICES good Stem Winding. ^ Qï; oin Silver Elgin watch lor $!6.00, A good eight day lock for $6.00. el lc All other goods at the same \v prices. F. W. VAN ALLESf iladl RA1LEY BROS. .Range between i and Gallatin. P. O. address, Sa T. Single dulap cut up. Horse (<f* mr what you AnriLVi^i rss'&i «Ô.5U, freight receipt o* f*- 50 - ware draper (Joi % npt keep them. TloiUT agent» Chaney, Anvil & Vise Co.. Detrpff. Ml &EKÄK. 2UUUUS* BEGAT, It Y TlUTIBroBt Vi AnsSYUti