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r » a WEDNESDAY, MARCH 23, 1921 THE BOZEMAN COURIER, VOL. 51. NUMBER 16. GALLATIN CENSUS SHOWS INCREASE « % Interesting Comparison of 1920 With 1910 Shows Increase in Farm The preliminary announcement con ceming the agricultural report for Gallatin county of the Fourteenth ! census has just been made public and presents some interesting figures on 1 Gallatin farm affairs. Comparisons j are made between the returns of 1920 ! and those of 1910 and these show | tbat in the area of cultivated land, Acreage and in Li\estock the amount of improved land, the total number of farms and the num ber of livestock, Gallatin has pro- j gressed steadily. There sheep in the county now than ten years ago, but this is the only farm ; arimal that has decreased in num- 1 are less ! ebrs. In 1920 there are 1,349 farms in the county as compared to 1,260 ten years ago, an increase of something over 7 per cent. But more striking j is the increase in the value of these < lands and their improvements. The j total valuation of farms and improve- | ments in 1910 was $18,792,364, where as in 1920 they are worth $37,111, 748, an increase of 102 per cent. The tenantry is not yet a serious though a growing problem here is shown by the fact that 992 of these farms were operated by their own in 1920 and 972 in 1910. There ers were 288 tenants in 1910 compared to 357 in 1920, an increase of 24 per cent, whereas the number of farms | operated by owners increased but 2 j per cent. In 1910 there were 531,902 acres Îâ farms of which dossed as 279,908 were improved. The corrospond figures for this year are 783, 1S9 total acres of which 350,776 are improved, an increase of 25 per cent in the amount of improved land. mg The figures for domestic* animals in 1910 are not very closely compar able with those for 1920; since the present census w T as taken in January, -' before the breeding season had be gun, while the 1910 census was taken in April, or about the middle of the breeding season, and include many spring calves, colts, etc. The livestock situation, despite the hard winter of a year ago, shows an increase of every kind of stock save ^ ep. There are now 16,782 horses as compared to 14,086 ten years ago. Mules have gained a little, the figures (Continued on Page Six.) fvTters Will Pass on Increased Levy at Regular Municipal Election - LIBRARY NEEDS MORE FUNDS TO FUNCTION At the regular municipal election, t<> be held on April 4th, the taxpayers of Bozeman will vote upon the ques ti< n of raising the tax levy for library T'tr'pose.s from one mill to two. matter is not so much a question of a better libi*ary as it is one of whether not that institution shall cease to function as it should Under the old tax levy or rather assessment the funds derived for the library from the one mill levy amounted to in the neighborhood of $3,500. This money was used for The or maintenance, repairs, librarian's sal ary, the purchase of new books and all otbSr necessary expenses. With the ne\v ? classification of property, the library funds, owing to a universally lower assessment of city property, dropped to slightly over $2,800. expenses have increased, as has ^^^rffi'ything else. The librarian's sal ary, the janitor fees, the coal and all other absolutely necessary expenses must be paid and what little is left is available for the purchase of new .books. In the past year this has only The amounted to $250. No library can properly function unless it has a con tinued new supply of books, unless thc institution is up to date it loses a great part of its efficiency. That is the case with the local library. It cannot continue to serve the people of Bozeman as it should unless it gets more revenue. Because of these things the library board and others interested have fur ther the proposition of having the taxpayers of Bozeman vote on the question of raising the levy for the library from one mill to two. will provide for all the necessary ex penses and still leave additional mon ovL An purchase new books, make the needed repairs on the building and go Ahead with the proper work necessary for the full efficiency of the library. The matter will be decided on at the regular election, though only the tax payers will be eligible to vote. This :: :: :: :: a :: :: :: tt it SEED GRAIN ORDER GIVEN BY BUREAU tt tt & tt tt tt The seed grain committee tt tt appointed by the farm bur- tt tt eau has closed a contact with tt tt Earl S. Parks of Willow Creek tt tt to supply them with grass and tt tt grain seeds needed by their tt ** members this spring. Mr. tt ] ** Parks was the lowest bidder tt j ® county, all seed dealers tt county as well as large tt ** st ' ed houses having been of- tt ~ fered a chance to bid on this tt trade * Farmers wishing seed ♦♦ f should order through Mr. tt ~ Parks ' sending him a deposit of at least 25 per cent by ♦♦ tt March 26. All kinds of seeds tt j ** i 1 ** may be obtained from Coun ** ty Agent Bodley. save timothy can be ordered, tt the local supply of that being tt tt deemed sufficient. Prices tt ♦ ♦ tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt ** ♦♦ tt ♦♦ WOOL MEN REDUCE I 1 j HANDS' WAGE SCALE Meeting of Montana Wool Growers in Helena Flans for Lower Oper ating Costs Sheepherders will receive month this year and ranch hands $40, according to wage scales agreed upon $50 a Saturday morning in Helena by the Wool Growers' association, which met to consider wage problems, financing and warehousing. Employes are to engage men at these figures and if some of the men are especially cap able there is no restruction on raising their pay. Lambcrs are to receive not more than the herders. The scale does not appl yto irrigators or other skilled laborers on the farm or the ranch. These wages, it was thc general tary, told of the progress being made by Dr. H. C- Gardner of Anaconda in manufacturing cloth from virgin Mon- j opniion at the meeting, are all the in dustry can bear this year. Wool men are not going to make any money in Montana in 1921 and it is vital that wages be cut substantially below what they were last year, it was pointed out. E. O. Selway of Dil/on, president of the association, presided, Professor C. N. Arnett of Bozeman, the secre tana wool. Professor Arnett said that half a million dollars is tied up in the venture and it is proving a suc cess. Men's clothing and blankets are on the market. Suits are being sold from $36 to $50, depending on the j hind of tailoring. j The Indiana farm bureau with 102,- j 000 mentbers, has established agencies 1 throughout that state to soli these ! goods, The meeting was attended by about SO sheep men, many of them repre senting local associations. The scale of pay for shearing wa* discussed and President McClennan of the sheepshearers' national organiza tion, who is here from Butte, offered for his union a scale of 15 cents a sheep and board. Sheepmen thought this too high and the matter was re ferred to a committee of thro *, w 1 ich was to discuss the scale with Mr. Me Clennan. In the afternoon the meeting, which was at the Commercial club, was at tended by P. B- Bartley of Helena,-, president of the Montana Bankers' as sociation. Alfred T. Hibbard of Hel ena, the bankers' secretary, attended all day. The afternoon was devoted to discussion of financial matters and warehousing. Matt Staff of Chicago, of the Na tional Wool Warehouse and Storage company, explained the plan of his concern, by which it is hoped to give the growers a more advantageous market. Among *the visitors of note was F R. Marshall of Salt Lake, secretary of the National Wood Growers' asso ciation. CHRISTIAN CHURCH WILL GIVE EASTER CANTATA The orchestra and choir of the Christian Church will give an Easter Cantata, "The Resurrection and the Life," next Sunday evening at 7:30 o'clock. The solo parts will be given by Mr. W. D. Bell, Mrs. Harry Will iams, Dr. W- C. Wawes, Mr, A E. Westlake, Mrs. W. F. Cowan, Mrs. J. H. Harris, Mrs. F. E. Herrett, Mr. Perry Schuyler, Miss Manilla Lechlit er, and Mr. W. R. Brandenburg. This s Section is given under the direction of MTiss Edith Ware SPECIAL SESSION OF LEGISLATURE ADJOURNED AT 1:30 THIS MORNING "Disinterested" Senators Block Governor Dixon on Every Impor tant Measure and Administration Goes Down to Defeat. Final Hours of Assembly Are a Farce with Edwards and His Crowd Voting Against Reform Measures With the slate technically clean, ou t with practically all of the im p Cr tant measures, outlined by Gov ernor Dixon and passed by the house, killed in the senate, the special ses s j on 0 f t h e legislature adjourned at 1:30 this morning. The final hours of t he session, like so much of the wor k, we re a farce and the group of "disinterested" senators who so con sistently fought every tax reform move on the part of the administra tion and its supporters kept the whip hand until the last. The powerful lobbies of the oil interests, the cor porations and the other of like ilk were successful and the tax com mission, the three cent oil tax, the elective "blue sky law" and other re form measures went down to defeat. more years of practical state bank ruptcy and the real property interests and the farmers continue to pay the greater part of the taxes. In consequence Montana faces two When the senate closed its work Monday afternoon for that day it ap peared that it had succeeded in re ducing to naught the accomplish ments of the two and a half weeks the assembly had been in extraordi nary session. The tax commission measures had been shelved, the three per cent oil production measure had met a simi lar fate, the inheritance tax law, the "blue sky" law, the cement tax bills and the re-classification taxation bill were up in the air where no further action was necessary in order to per mit of their deaths in a natural man ner. Much of" this situation was due to the uncompromising attitude of the membership of the two bodies, their refusal to abide by conference com m ittee recommendations, their 'violation of joint rules on one hand or and insistence upon adherence to joint rules on the other hand. Then, again, to cast cold water upon the situation the anti-Dixon forces in the senate, where the Ed wards faction has been pretty gen erally in the majority since early in the session, on Monday produced from the shelves of the law library a decision of the Montana supreme court delivered in November, 1909, in which it was held that all measures cf revenue for the support of the government and all measures appro priating money for the maintenance o? the government during the two year period between the regular meet ings of the legislature must, under the constitution, be enacted during a regular session of the legislature. The effect of this decision, if ap plied to the present situation, would be to nullify nearly all of the few revenue measures which have passed COMMENCEMENT WEEK FOR THE SHORT COURSE School of Agriculture Graduates Get Diplomas This Week The annual commencement exer cises for the School of Agriculture' of the Montana State college will be held this week, the fourteen young men in the graduating class receiv ing their diplomas Friday pight. C. C. Davis of the Montana Farmer will deliver the commencement address and Dean J. M. Hamilton of the col lege will present the diplomas, as well as the stock and grain judging awards that were won by contest this week. In the annual stock judging con test held the first of the week Oliver Lee won first place, Ole Gallis se cond, Frank Eklund, third and Olaf Svansen fourth. This contest, in which the students had to place stock and give their reasons for so doing, was under the direction of Prof. Bob In the grain judging contest, al so held the first of the week, Aron G. Karlson won first place, M. C. Sutherland, second, Oliver Lee third and Rinse Vander Veen fourth. Prof. McChord. Si Sumner had charge of this con test. . This morning the extemporan Tomorrow years and study practical agricultural (Continued on Page Twelve.) eous* speaking contest took place in the agricultural building, Ray Kortte winning first, Thes. Heal, second and Roland Harbo, third, night the annual "Stampede," as the stunt program is called will be pull ed off in Montana Hall. The com mencement proper will- take place Friday evening. The graduates from this class have been in the short course for three I the two bodies during the present extra session as well as most all oth er measures as it appears nearly all carry appropriations, One of the most unusual matters j of legislation to be enacted by this I cxtra session was the legislating out of of f ice of Republican national com niitteeman, O. H. P. Shelley, in the passage 0 f a measure placing with the state cen tral committees of the several political parties the power and duty of selecting national com mitteemen instead of permitting of their selection by the people in the primaries. The bill not only provid ed a means for the election of a committeeman but made it mandatory that the state committees, "shall, up on the passage and approval of this act" elect a national committeeman. ^he bill pased both houses and was immediately feigned by Governor Dix on, he having called for such legis lation in one of his numerous mes sages to the assembly. The inheritance tax measure, to re place the bill passed during the reg ular session and found to be faulty, was introduced through the house and after it had gotten into the sen ate the lawyers of that body pre ceded to tear it to pieces, finding it , necessary to make 50 distinct amend ments. The house refused to con cur in :these amendments and when this report came into the senate Mon day that body adopted a motion of Senate Edwards for indefinite post ponement. j The "blue sky" law, which »had passed*the regular session and was likewise declared by the governor to be faulty, was re-introduced in the senate and when transmitted to thc house was killed and a subsitute was presented by the judiciary committee which merely amended the existing 'aw so as to place domestic corpor ations on the same footing as foreign companies. When it got into the sen favorable committee report. - A blue Sunday bill was introduced i in the house upon the suggestion of | Governor Dixon intended to put a ■ "top to Sunday dancing but really ate it was speedily killed on an un- | _ ! aimed at the Columbia Gardens in , Butte, practically the only place where dancing is regularly conduct-. od on Sundays. This bill failed to get much support as when introduced | in the house it was replaced by a 1 bill which would have closed every 1 place of amusement in the state. It met a speedy death* there Monday. At the suggestion of the governor a bill was introduced and passed the house appropriating $ 1,000 to pay Frank Woody for drawing bills and conferring with committees at the re (Continued on Page Twelve.) SEATS SELLING WELL FOR FAST BOXING GO I Getting En Bozeman Fight Fans Are thusiastic Over Mill The interested boxing fans of Boze man are deriving a lot of satisfaction from the good preliminary seat sale for the boxing match, to be given by the Gallatin club in the Ellen theatre Thursday evening. The local club has spared no expense in getting some of the best fighters in the west to perform at this. Bozeman's initi al exibition and the satisfactory seat sale augers well for the continuance of the game in Bozeman. A good many out of town people will some in for the match, particularly form Billings, the home of Englehart, who mixes with Gracio of Spokane in the finals \ From seat sale indications there will be a large number of women present in the audience. Each of the powerful women's organizations in the city will have a representative present and a large number of oth er women have already reserved their seats. Owing to the fact that no smoking will be allowed in the theatre and all unseefnly conduct will be at once suppressed, the Gallatin cTub expects the women to be pleased with the character of the show they are putting on. Women are freely at tending the boxing exhibitions in other parts of the state, notably Hel ena and Great Falls, and it can scarce ly be said that the women of Boze man are less enthusiastic ovet* clean sport than their sisters in other cit ies of the state. All the boxers who will take part in the performance Kave been in the city for some days, working out in (Continued on Page Twelve.) M H ♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦ is tt ti ♦♦ tt tt tt n tt it tt ♦ ♦ xt u it GOPHER WEEK WILL BE MARCH 21 TO 31 tt tt tt The board of county com- tt tt missioners of Gallatin county tt tt have designated the week of tt tt March 21 to 31 as "Gopher tt tt Week in the Gallatin and tt tt between those dates all farm- tt tt ers in the valley and county tt tt are requested to put out poison tt tt to kill the destructive rodents, tt tt The county agent has prepar tt " tt ed 10,000 pounds of poisoned tt grain and this has been dis- tt tt tributed in different parts of tt tt the county, enough being re- tt tt tained in his office to take tt tt care of a number of local or- tt tt ders. From the interest be jj 5 ! n , s ,n *?* wor , k "'°° ks ? " Ilke » tbe apiwmtment an " otS *' ai *»P her oxterm.nator a " " ot bc necessary in the " a a in. :: tt tt :: tttttttttttttttttttttttttttt CHILDREN AWARDED THE SCHOLARSHIPS Winners in Club Work Last Fall Are Given Scholarship in State Institutions The scholarship won by club mem bers cf Gallatin county during the Î920 season, have just been distri buted to thc fortunatc winers by L . Ross Johnson, the county club leader. All boys and girls in Gallatin county have an oppoi'tunity to try for these scholarships, which entitle them to attend any of the Montana State in stitutes of learning without the pay ment of entrance fees. These scholarships are for one, two, three or four years, according to the places won at the fairs in club member ex hibits. A one year scholarship is given for the county championship in each club division. At the State fair, the 1st, 2nd., 3rd., and 4th. pre ; n p igj ccur »ty fair; 1 year scholar s hip; 2nd. in pig; state fair; 3 years scholarship, Bozeman—Jean Thompson, prize, miums entitle the holder to 4, 3, 2 and 1 year scholarship respectively. In 1920 the scholarships were awarded to eipht Gallatin county boys and girls as follows: Bozeman—Lily Redfield, prize, 1st. lst> in pou ltry; county and state fair; 5 years scholarship. Bozeman—Gladys King, prize, 1st. in garment, county fair; 1 year schol ars hip. — Bozeman—Barbara Spieth, prize, yeast bread, county fair; 1 year scholarship. Bozeman—Mila Parkin, pxdze, 1st. in canning; county fair; Uyear schol arship 2nd. in canning; state fair; 3 years scholarship. Manhattan Wedeman, prize, 1 st. in potato; county fair; 1 year scholarship. Manhattan—Francis Niven, prize lst * in s hee P and calf ; county fair; 2 years scholarship. Logan—Ralph Wilcox, prize, 1st. in garden; county fair; 1 year scholar Carrie j ship. NOTED VIOLINIST TO PLAY IN BOZEMAN Theodore Spiering, one of the noted violinists of America, will give a con cert at the Presbyterian church next Monday evening under the asupices of the musical department at the col lege. All the local musicians are much interested in the event and a record breaking crowd is predicted, as it has been some time since a really noted violinist has been heard in Bozeman. Tickets are now* on sa 1 e. Theodore Spiering is one of two who will be honored this year as "guest conductors" of the St Louis Symphony orchestra. Mr. Spier musicians ll ing's fame as a conductor of sym phony orchestras is second only to his known ability as a concert violin ist, and as conductor of the New York Philermonic he made a sensa As far as known it will be the first time that violinist of international reputation has been brought to Boze man. The college has taken rather heavy financial responsibility to bring Mr. Spiering here and expect to see a capacity house at the Presbyterion church for the concert next Monday tional success. right. SELF ENTERTAINMENT. President Alfred Atkinson of the Montana State college addressed the students of that institution at the regular Friday assembly and advocat ed the : dea of "Self Entertainment instead of buying all forms of anause I ment. ,-.A! EOVERNMENTTOAID FARMERS WITH SEES Conference at College by Men of Three States Plan on Distribution of Federal Seed Money . One of the most important meet ing held at the college in many months took place Monday when C. W. Warburton of the U. S. depart ment of agriculture met with college extension workers from Montana, Washington and Idaho to discuss the distribution of $ 2 . 000,000 for money, which will be loaned to the j drought stricken farmers of the three states mentioned and North Dakota. While no definite tllotment of the money by states was made, plans for its distribution were worked out at the conference and a list of the coun ties needing assistance was prepared by the Montana neople- Gallatin is nrt included in this list, for in com parison to other counties in this and seed i other Mates the need for money is ; negligible in the Gallatin. Last year i the countv commissioners appropri ated $ 10,000 for this purpose and of j this only $4,000 was used. In other I counties vast sums are needed far more badly than here and hence Gal ! 7 atin was left off the list altogether. In Montana the list of counties from which applications will be re ceived include most of the counties of eastern Montana, north and south. Counties included are Judith, Fergus, i Broadwater, Carter, Fallon. Wibaux, McCone, Musselshell. Golden Valley, Toole, Glacier, Pondera, j ' Liberty, Sheridan. Daniels, Valley, Blaine, Cascade, Custer, Yellowstone, Chot°au, Tecon, Garfield, Stillwater, Rosebud, Powder River, Treasure, Hill, Roosevelt, Richland, Dawson, Jefferson and Prairie. Dr, S. B. Nelson, director of ex tension in Washington stated that in his state the federal aid would be largely confined to four counties. J. H. Jacobson and B. F. Sheehan of Idaho said that the drought areas of that state were in central and eastern Idaho and that federal aid will be needed in these locatlities of anv crons are to bo planted this year. Mr. Warburton spoke on the con Phillips, surrounding the passage the seed loan act by congress and the rules which surrounded the distribu tion of th'> money. Plans for hand ling the different applications were discussed by him and be stated that his office would be at Fargo, N. D., (Continued on Page Seven.) COUNTY ROADS BAD MUD WORST IN YEARS i Scarcely a Road Leading to Bozeman Is Passible for Automobiles at Present this year should be something .enor If there is anything to the old say ing that here in the Gallatin we never get poor crops when the reads are bad, the yield from valley farms mous, for seldom in the history of the valley can the old-timers recall roads worse than those existing at the pre sent time. The Huffine lane lead ing west is practically the only road into Bozeman that is passable at the present time, the north and south l roads being kno* deep in mud and so bad in spots that a team and wagon have difficulty negeotiating them. Last week the roads started to dry up somewhat and on Thursday a few cars were to be seen, but the snow Thursday night and the many succeeding little storms have made the mud both bottomless and sticky. Auto drivers report the mud so sticky that it entirely fills up their wheels, making them solid circles of mud and this latter, in many instances, is to thick the wheels will not turn, even on solid footing, until the mud is cleaned off. Monday morning the roads were frozen and a few autos tried the kangeroo stunt of jumping from bump j to bump and rut to rut, but by night the roads softened again and even these hardy voyagers were afraid to try it. In some places the ruts are reported too deep to leave clearance for the cars. - COLLECTING MONEY FOR IRISH RELIEF A local committee has been inter viewing different people in the city with the idea of collecting money for the relief of sufferers in Ireland and the efforts have met with fair success. J. R. Chambers and E. J. Hines have been active in thc work, Mr. Hines be ing treasurer for the organization.