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THE BOZEMAN COURIER
PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON By REPUBLICAN COURIER CO. Inc. Established 1871 IN THE FAMOUS GALLATIN VALLEY Editor H. P. GRIFFIN SUBSCRIPTION IN ADVANCE (I.0C $ 1.00 One Year .... Six Months . Three Months Sinide Copies Entered in the Postoffice at Boztman, Montana, as Second Class Matter .60 .05 THE GOVERNOR'S FIGHT Over in Helena a special session of the legis lature is being held. The people of the state know that much. In reality they aren't supposed to know a great deal more. On the streets one hears some croaker say, "That special session is costing us $3,000 a day; what is the governor trying to do? Bankrupt the state?" Or a little further on you will hear other propoganda that is not complimentary to the highest executive in Montana nor to the men who are supporting him. It is to laugh. That game is about played out in Montana. Ten years ago, or twenty per haps, the people could be fooled. they are getting wiser and even though the state press, as a whole, will not print what is going on in the capital city, it is being spread broadcast through the state by a host of eager men who ad mire and respect the courage of the governor and believe in what he advocates. The special session was not called to fix up the matter of one judicial district. Despite what But of late practically every large paper in the state had to say about being puzzled at the governor's reasons; everyone who had followed the course of the regular session knew what was up. It was the old fight—the people against, the vested inter ests. The fight is about over. As this is written the adjourning of the legislature is hourly ex pected. And the interests, as usual, have won. But there is one difference—the issue is now clean The question of the sperhii session was not the "blue sky" law (and the senate defeated that, by the way), not the funds for the tuberculosis hospital, not any of a dozen other things touched cut and clear. Twenty-eight senators of Mon tana, under the leadership of Senator Edwards and Senator Dolan blocked Governor Dixon and by doing so defeated the cause of the common people. upon in the governor's different messages; it was a matter of taxes. Should the governor be given authority to appoint a tax commission, to employ scientific and expert help in the determination of what tax each class of property should pay? Dixon wanted the tax commission. The house wanted the tax commission. But the senate, dominated by the big interests of the state, killed the measure. The debate upon the tax commission bill in the senate was a joke, a fiasco. On last Friday the bill was considered in the upper house. An Edwards senator would get up and move to emas culate some clause and give his reasons for doing so. A Dixon man would then tear these reasons to ribbons, but when a vofe w r as called it was always the same. The corporation senators stood without hitching. Their votes were registered with the regularity of clockwork. The machine was working perfectly. On the floor of the sen ate chamber it was openly charged that those senators who opposed the tax commission were controlled. The allegation was not denied. On the floor of the senate chamber practically every railroad, big corporation and immense fortune in Montana was openly charged with seeking to evade taxes. The allegation was not denied. Cor porations, vested interests, particular moneyed men were cited, instances were given, figures were read—but these allegations still were not denied. And the machine kept working, killing the measure advocated by Governor Dixon for the more equal distributation of Montana taxes. In the fight against the tax commission measure the interests stopped at nothing. Coer cion was tried. Influence was brought to bear. It alleged that even bribery was attempted. The state papers, most of them, have not printed what was going on. Governor Dixon and the men who supported him have been held up to ridicule, abused and discredited insofar as it was within the power of some big Montana newspapers to discredit men for doing their simple duty. Dixon lost his fight—temporarily. But there is another election coming two years from now and we be lieve that nothing on earth will stop the governor from going from one end of the state to the other and reading the roll of the men who betrayed their constituents and their state. It is the old, old fight, the fight that Cum mins yvaged in low'a, LaFollette in Wisconsin and Johnson in California. Dixon is waging that same fight here in Montana. The powers that be have run this state during the thirty years of its history. For the first time last fall, the people really elected a governor. For the first time the chief executive is on the side of the people who elected him. And that is going to be the winning side, as it was in Iowa, in Wisconsin and in Calif ornia. In this fight Gallatin county has come clean. Harmon, Buell, Sales, and Dunbar. Re member those names. They constitute the Gal latin delegation in Helena—they voted with Dixon. We learn slowly, some of us, confusing false values as we go and taking the false for the truth—and grudging honor to whom honor is due. So it has been with many of Governor Dixon's op ponents in the last election. But now the think ing men of the state, republican, democrat and nonpartisan are according the governor the full measure of appreciation that comes after a brave fight, a battle for right and justice. The reports of the department of agriculture and certain instances of the labor costs in freight carrying are intimately connected. WHERE THE FARMER LOSES. j The agricultural report is that the value of farm crops in 1920 was $5,105,000,000 less than in 1919, and that the chief reductions in values were in wheat, corn, cotton, hay, potatoes and oats, the value of the corn crop alonè having dé dined more than a billion and a half. Those fig ures do not, of course, indicate a proportionate de crease in production. Indeed it is probable that the production of some crops considerably increas ed. There has simply been a great decline in the prices received or to be received by the agricul out that: present time the labor cost alone of transporting a bushel of wheat from Kansas to New York is 27 cents, or the same as the entire cost of the oper ation in 1917. tural producers. The association of railroad executives point In 1917 the freight rate on a bushel of wheat from Kansas to New York was 27 cents. At the sey point to Philadelphia, Pa., in 1917 was 6.3 The freight rate on cement from a New Jer , j j , — . cents per hundred pounds. The present rate is 13.5 cents. The labor cost in this transportation at the present time is 6.75 cents, or more than the total ratp io 1Q17 total rate in 1*1 f. The freight rate on livestock from a Montana point to Chicago, Ill., in 1917 was 48 cents per hun dred pounds. The present rate is 73.5 per hun dred pounds, an increase of 25.5 cents. The labor cost in this transportation is now 36.7 cents, or about 11 cents more than the increase in rate. The price loss does not extend between the producer of wheat and cattle and the labor cost of moving those commodities to market. The price of moving freight goes up and not down, 1 / nd instead of an increase of transportation there has been a definite loss of production, in that line. Wheat and other kindred commodities are priced on the sale of the surplus crop. Wheat prices are controlled by what the surplus wheat of wheat producers will sell for on the Liverpool markets—(when it is not controlled by the clever manipulations of the market gamblers). The in creased price of transportation then is paid by the producer. If he must sell on a market m^ny miles away he must pay out of his bushel the cost of getting it there. If he must pay war prices and receive pre-war prices for his product his net receipts will be shy the difference. The farmers and producers cannot raise grain and food price controlled on its surplus while labor costs are relieved from the law of supply and demand by arbitrary price fixing. The cost of living has come down. More than that, the manner of living has been modified by those who are suffering the loss on farm prices. And they are more than justified in demanding that the labor costs of transportation shall feel the prun ing knife. CRAZY PERHAPS, BUT VERY GAY. A psychiatrist is a "nut" mechanic. His business is to find out and perhaps cure "knocks in the ignition between the human battery and the machinery that carries us around and into and out of this and that on our daily mundane movements. And the psychiatrists explain that the automobile and madness are closely allied and thin partitions do the bounds divide, as old Mr. 99 Pope remarked long ago in a spasm of versified psychiatrics. They say that we folks are all crazy ; that we are suffering from a general madness, a sort of contagious hysteria like that which set the Dou kobars marching a few days ago and in the past brought on the crusades and other big, general hurrahs of history. They point out that the people w T ho used to walk or ride for a nickle and never hoped for a horse and buggy have cars ga lore and that it doesn't make much difference whether they can or cannot afford it, that one out of ten people in this couhtry owned a car last year without counting several hundred thousand ready for sale and sure to sell. And there say the psychiatrists. Nutty. Batty in our bel fries. we are, Mebbe so, mebbe so ; but what of it ? All the king's psychiatrists and all the king's men can't shove the motor Humpty Dumpty off the wall. And if it could be pushed over the edge it is dif ferent from Mother Goose's well known and cele brated character; it would be set right up again and go cheerfully popping over the psychiatrists, the economists and the innocent bystander just the same at street comers. We might as well quit talking about it. Folks are going to have 'em. They are going to squeeze themselves and other people in order to get 'em. The thing has come to stay. It is like the tele phone and the mail route and the division of la bor. We can't get along without them, we don't want to get along without them, and b'jinks ain't goin' to. we Maybe we're crazy. Let it go at that. What's the difference? Which'd you rather me, crazy in a car or pluggin'along sane in the dust ? And for the matter of that most folks are crazy one way or another. Ain't it the truth? The psychiatrists may stand by the roadside with warning in his mouth, but the populace will step on 'er just the same and lie to each other j about what hills they took on high and about what j the speedometer showed "on that level stretch just out o' Belgrade, - Gallatin can well be proud of Harmon, Buell, ; Sales f nd Dunbar. They voted as the people of ' Guhatin county wanted them to vote—they sup | P or ^ e d the best governor Montana has ever had ( ■ ! i , : ■ goes to St. James who'll ^ut maybe by the time But if O run Harvey's W it is ready to 'will be back c.i i' . - . ith Harding the colonel p' . j. GALLATIN CENSUS SHOWS AN INCREASE (Continued from Page One.)» being 377 and 348. creased from 31,194 to 35,635 and hogs from 8,428 to 11,504- The de crease in sheep is marked, there be ing 38,317 in 1910 and but 25,*13 in 1920. Cattle have in The crop figures are for 1909 and 1919, the later being the poorest year in recen t valley history. With wheat there were 62,187 acres producing 640,466 bushels in 191:'. as compared with 47,186 acres producing 1,234, 926 bushels in 1909, a wide diver p? 106 ™ the yields of the two years bemg shown - 0ats has proved a less popular crop in late years, there be ing 9,598 acres producing 259,204 bushels in 1919 compared with 37,676 acres producing 1,735,672 bushels in GETTING READY FOR EASTER ALL THROUGH THE STORE THE SPIRIT OF EASTER HAS CALLED FORTH | NEW STYLES, NEW MODES AND NEW NOVELTIES, TO GIVE YOU THE VERY BRIGHTEST AND MOST CHEERFUL EASTER THAT COULD POSSIBLY BE; AND, TO HELP MORE, A NEW WAVE OF REMARKABLE VALUE FOR THE PRICE HAS RENDERED THE EASTER OFFERINGS THIS YEAR DOUBLY RE- ) MARKABLE. i » Men's Suits For Easter l Kuppenheimer Made-To-Measure 11* 1 > 1 r L ^ *3 >1 Suits Kuppenheimer and Artcraft suits for men and young men, have the same correctness in style, in materials and tailor ing that has won them such distinction for many years past. Drop in and try on the new models at $19.75, $29.75 to $47.50. j! Our new spring quality and pattern samples are here, and the assortment covers a won derful range of beautiful fab rics and desirable patterns. ♦ » (S 1 € N I Tailoring of the Highest Qual ity $36, $40, $44 and up to $67.50. Special this week of young men's high class suits, values to $55 for $32.50. New Woolwear Knicker Suits for Boys, $10 to $12 New Easter models at the new spring prices— heather mixtures in rich dark brown tones. Shawknit Hose At the new lower prices; in black and all the popular shades. Cotton qualities at v 35c, three pair for $1; mer cerized lisle at $50c; silk new patterns in pure silk— silk at $1. . 4 * \ MALLORY ^ HATS jg || 'M a —o Wilson Bros, and Arrow Shirts In percale and madras, $2, $2.50 and $3. In silks and silk fibers, $4.50, $5 and $5.75. ■I Mallory Globe Union Suits In all weights and all styles in ecru and white, in long or short sleeves ; also ath letic styles—all at the new lower prices—$1 to $2.50. Hats Soft Collars Big range of styles, 35c to 50c. For Easter wearing, we of fer styles that will appeal to the smartest as well as the most conservative dressers. Black and all the prevailing spring shades at $6.50. —O— Till and Crossette Shoes Knitted Scarfs New line of narrow styles, $1, $1.25 and $1.50. Two makes that are sel dom equalled for comfort, style or lasting service. Col ors are brown and black in j vici kid and velour calf. We have gone through stock and remarked Four-m-Hand Ties A wonderful showing of new patterns i punre silk— $1, $1.25, $1.50 up to $2.50. our / every / pair on a level with today's costs. Shoes that formerly ■ sold for $16 are now $10. ' (Rambers-TTsherC) -* LWAYS R ELIAB* " % 1909. Barley has also dropped off, there being: 3,535 acres producing: 63, 273 bushels in 1919 compared with 4,884 acres producing: 160,622 bushels in 1909. The poor year of 1919 is also reflected in the hay yields, 50, 994 acres yielding 69,691 tons com pared with the 1909 figures of 46, 730 acres producing 86,934 tons. It might be interesting to note that the figures from Jefferson county show but 555 farms and from Madi Crop rent, j son 901 farms. In the latter county the total acreage is smaller than in the Gallatin, but farms are in larger tracts. The area of improved land in the two counties is onl about two thirds that of the Gallatin and the production is necessarily much low er. FOR RENT A good wheat farm. R. S. Dawes. The legislature passed a bill taxing every bachelor $3.00. Well, it's worth it, ain't it? j Clara" is still young enough to find and kill And she will not have to a another millionaire, work hard to find him. President Harding proposes to let England and Ireland settle their own difficulties. In which he is speaking the mind of America. Terrible as conditions appear in that unfortunate island, it is impossible for the United States to interfere for Great Britain to interfere between the gen as | eral U. S. government and Hawaii, as The packing house employes who are voting I to walk out may be voting for a long, walk before they are able to walk in again. 1 ' It's going to be an interesting campaign^two* | years from now, when Governor Dixon reads the roll. SLOAN CHARGED WITH HEAVY BILL BY ROAD Attorneys for the Milwaukee raii roa d yesterday filed in the office of the district court the costs that the road demands Paul Sloan shall pav as a result of his suit against the the road. These amount to $1,702.74. Sloan sued the railroad for $3,000 which he claimed was the amount of damage done to a shipment of cattle brought from South Dakota to Gal latin. After the testimony was all in it was found that the Chicago, Northwestern road, which received the cattle, had not been made party to the suit and the counsel for the with the right to bring « new suit. The Milwaukee then filed the above bill, which was mainly for witness fees and mileage- It is probable that Sloan will contest the bill.