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The Bozeman courier. (Bozeman, Mont.) 1919-1954, April 20, 1921, Image 3

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86075113/1921-04-20/ed-1/seq-3/

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Montana Farming Topics
This, of course, is not always practi_
cable. The commonest and most prac
tical way is to cut the plant off be
low the surface of the ground every
few weeks, thus preventing the roots
from storing up food for tuture use.
If this is kept up persistently the
weed will soon starve.
Smothering the plants is practical
where the thistle patch is not too
large. Many are successful in killing
the plants by covering them with
heavy paper, old sacks, straw, and
sawdust or similar material in order
Dozens of methods are now being
used by farmers *n an attempt to er
adicate Canada thistle. The most ef
fective work is done in dry weather,
and any attempt to tear up the plants
root and and all with a plow or cul
tivator when the ground is wet is
usually unsuccessful so far as killing
the thistle is concerned.
There are several ways to stamp
out this weed where is appears on
vacant lots, small pastures or other
small areas. The surest way to get
rid of the plant is to dig the soil
from around the roots following each
branch down to the tip in order that
the entire root system may be re
moved and burned.
I I I H I »■> I I I m-l I ! I I I I I I I I U » ■* I I i I I 8 H I I I I 1. 9 .1 I » I I i n
We can write your Insurance on Buildings, Contents,
Machinery and Livestock in old line Company against Fire
and Lightning for five year term and take your NOTE for
the PREMIUM, payable one-fourth cash when policy is
issued, balance three equal notes due in one, two and three
years after date, WITHOUT INTEREST.
We can also insure your LIVESTOCK against DEATH
O.E. Myers Realty Co,
\ \ Bozeman, Montana
i i il h mmm

Are you ready for the spring sport and the big ones?
FLIES of every kind and description. Lines, leaders,
reels, spinners, hooks, creels and rods.
Roecher's Drug Store
Phone 327 *
116 E. Main
Prescriptions a Specialty
Broken Lenses
■ t«
/ I
repaired promptly. No matter where they were made or
who ordered them for you, if you bring us the pieces, we
will furnish you exact duplicates in the shortest possible
time .
Jeweler and Registered Optometrist
Broken Lenses Replaced the Same Day
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Machine Shop
Re-boring Gas Engines
Re-cutting Feed Rolls
General Machine Work
We carry a complete stock of Chrome Nickle Steel for
car axles
Get your car ready for spring
Phone 69 Cor. Bozeman and Menlenhall Sts.
to shut out the light. The principal
objection to this method is that the
plants must be kept covered constant
ly for a least one season.
Common salt rubbed on the exposed
cut surface of the main root after
the plant has been removed is con
sidered an effective means of eradi
cating the thistle.
It has been found that plants will
die if kerosene is squirted on the
newly cut surface,
acid is also used in the same way.
Other chemicals are used successful
ly, such as sulphuric acid and caustic
soda, but they are not in common us
age because of the high cost of such
In every case the Canada thistle
should be cut at least twice each year
to prevent it from ripening and scat
tering the seed over wide areas,
Crude carbolic
In this connection the Bureau of
Onimal Industry has been receiving
opinions from farmers who point out
the excellent results obtained by the
liberal use of milk for feeding. The
critical times in the life of a young
animal are just before weaning, when
the dam is unable to nourish it ade
quately, and just after weaning, when
the youngster is learning to eat new
feed. "Selling milk is the greatest
detriment to stock raising," a Vermont
farmer declares, adding that "young
stock, especially calves, would make
a better growth if more milk were
available as a calf feed.
Another breeder tells of his herd
bull, which at the age of five months
weighed only 250 pounds, with the ex
planation that its mother failed to
give the milk the calf needed. "I gave
him a nurse cow," the farmer remark
ed, "and all the feed he would take.
At 15 months he weighted 1100
pounds, and at 21 months 2000
pounds." A Vermont farmer tells of
a colt which at four months old was
very poor and undersized. "I gave it
skim milk for six months," he de
clared, "and it grew into a better built
and heavier horse than either parent.
Such reports show the importance
which thoughful stockmen have long
attached to milk as a feed. Although
feeding milk to colts and horses is a
rare practice in the United States, it
is common in some European coun
tries and is entirely practicable. A
milk-fed horse is likely to sweat pro
fusely in hot weather, but the animal
nevertheless becomes sleek and plump
and remains so. Some degree of care
must be exercised, however, to avoid
feeding too large amounts of skim
milk to young calves and pigs, since
in such cases it may prove fatal.
As a guide to persons deciding to
utilize surplus milk as a livestock
feed, the department makes the fol
lowing recommendations which may
be supplemented with literature issu
ed by the department.
Milk from a dairy herd which is
not definitely known to be free from
tuberculosis should be scalded before
being fed. An ordinary feed cooker
is a practical means for scalding
equivalent to pasteurization, which
most large cities require as a safe
guard to public health. Metal pails
that can be kept clean by washing
and scalding are preferable to wood
en containers or others that are dif
ficult to clean.
This process is approximately
In calf feeding it usually pays well
to feed one pound of whole milk for
each 10 pounds that the calf weight,
for a period of two weeks, and at the
end of that time to change gradually
to an equal amount of skim milk. The
skim milk should be gradually increas
ed a s the calf grows, until about 15
pounds per day is fed at the end of
three months.
Feed the milk warm,
and regulate the quantity according to
size and vigor of the calf.
ror pigs three weeks old or more,
3 parts of skim milk mixed with l
part of shorts is useful in keeping
them growing. Skim milk may be fed
with com and other hog feeds in var
ious practical combinations.
In poultry feeding both skim milk
and buttermilk are excellent feeds—
and can now also be purchased
nonperishable commercial feed, which
is sold in large barrels as, semisolid
buttermilk. Skim milk and butter
milk may be fed alone or mixed with
other feeds, but feeders should ob
serve their flocks carefully to avoid
giving too much milk, or bowel trouble
may result. This is caused principal
ly by fowls eating spoiled clabbered
milk remaining from a previous feed
as a
For horses, milk may b e fed in
quantities up to three or four gallons
a day, end even in clabbered condition
it is not harmful,
perefer milk slightly
ground that it is less likely to result
As a horse feed,
milk is palatable, easily digested, and
valuable for fattening. Horses that
have never been fed milk quickly
leam to like it if a little grain i
sprinkled in it.
While to livestock
Some horsemen
sour, on the
m gas formation.
owners unaccus
tomed to the use of milk as a stock
feed it may appear somewhat expen
sive, there are advantages which milk
feeders quickly recognize. I n addi
tion to utilizing the surplus milk that
would otherwise be
stock generally make a very rapid
p'owth. This means early matur
ity and early usefulness,_
with stock that have developed
slowly. At least
ure, there is
as a temporary meas.
a real opportunity to
improve farm livestock, in addition
o re lev ing a local milk surplus, by
using skim milk rather liberally in
proper combination with other feeds.
The United States Geological Sur
vey. Department of the Interior, fre
quently receives letters inquiring for
some simple method of determining
approximately the flow 0 f creeks or
«mall rivers. The following jnstroc
t.on 3 may be of some value to those
who wish to determine roughly the
velocity or the volume of a stream.
Choose a place where the channel
is straight for 100 to 200
has a nearly constant
depth; lay off on the bank
feet and
width and
-a line 50
or 100 feet in length, marking each
end; then throw small chips into the
water and allow them to float down
stream, noting the time the chips re
quire to travel the distance laid off
on the bank. The surface velocity
in feet per second may be found by
dividing the distance in feet passed
over by the chips by the time in
seconds the chips take to travel this
distance. The average of several
such determinations will give the
mean velocity of the surface of the
stream. The surface velocity multi
plied by 0.80 gives very nearly the
average velocity of the whole stream,
from surface to bed.
To determine the area of the cross
section of the stream, stretch a tape
from shore to shore and take the
depth of the stream at intervals of
2 to 5 feet. Compete the average of
these depths in feet to determine the
mean depth of the stream. This aver
age multiplied by the total in feet
will give the area of the cross section
of the stream in square feet.
The discharge—that is, the quanti
ty of water flowing in the stream—
is found by multiplying the area of
the cross section by the average velo
city as determined by means of the
chips, the result being the discharge
in second-feet, or, in other words,
the number of cubic feet flowing past
the point of measurement every sec
end. A cubic foot contains 7.48 gal
Important changes looking to bet
terment of the public health in dis
tribution of milk of a much higher
quality in Montana, are made in reg
ulations governing inspection of dair
ies and creameries and milk food pro
ducts by the Montana Livestock Sani
tary board, according to Dr. W. J.
Butler, state veterinary surgeon.
', The board was in session last week
discussing changes in the regulations
with dairymen and preparing and for.
mally adopting the regulations. The,
board took over inspection of dairies,
creameries and slaughter houses in
compliance with a law of the last as
sembly consolidating the dairy com- !
mission and livestock sanitary board.
The new regulations, which will
be effective on July 1, make little,
change in the present rules for in- !
spection and sanitation of slaughter
Under the new regulations, milk
will be divided into three classes,.cer
tified, inspected and market milk.
Certified milk, which will be of the
highest quality offered for sale, must
conform to the regulations for certi
»viillr mkiaii li«v c botn adopted
by the American Medical Association
of Milk Examiners. That body hasoi
copywrited and defined the
ing of certified milk. By the state
board adopting the same regulations
the copywrite is protected in this
state and all dealers must comply.
» Ï'
Your Farm Is Your
Perhaps you never thought of it in just that way, but fanning is a
peat manufacturing business, and your farm is a factory in the true mean
mg of the word.
., f f, ctory mana 8 er overhauls his plant every so often, to make sure
that it will run properly and produce the most goods at the least cost. In
just the same way, the farmer checks up his buildings and equipment,
makes those little repairs which save big repairs later on, and builds what
ever building he needs to help produce more crops with less labor and ex
MJ Lumber prices are back to normal. No longer need you postpone
building on account of high prices of lumber. Now is a good time to make
other improvements. Begin now and get them done before spring work
Here in our business we are trying to do our part in bringing conditions
back where they ought to be. Our years of business experience, our build
ing plans and ideas, and our friendly, sincere counsel and assistance are at
your service for the asking—with no obligations, of
Let's talk it over the first convenient day
Inspected milk means it comes
from herds which have been inspect
ed at least once a year and are free
of tuberculosis, licensed by the state
and have a score on inspection of 20
on equipment and 50 on methods out
of a possible 100 per cent.
Inspected milk will be on sale after
July 1. The inspected milk will be
delivered in bottles only with the caps
f ree 0 f advertising except the
of the dairy or pasteurizing agency,
the date of production. This milk
must be delivered within 36 hours
after pasteurization or production.
The market milk is that which does
not conform to the other two high
er standards.
As the state board cannot take up
the work of bacterial counts of milk,
because of shipping distances, it rec
ommends to all municipal health
agencies, to standardize milk by the
adoption of the bacterial count.
The new regulations also require
that inspected milk shall contain not
| more than 150,000 bacteria per cubic
! centimeter in milk nor 300,000 in
cream and in pasteurized milk not
more than 30,00 bacteria per cubic
centimeter or 150,000 bacteria per
cubic centimeter in cream.
! ^he board also recommends
j Frosh plate method for computing the
bacterial count.
The board has continued the same
butter fat standards.
Ed Earhart, former rancher in the
valley and well known to most Boze
man people has purchased an interest
in the Kleinschmidt cigar and candy
store and in the future will manage
the business. Mr. Earhart has been
connected with the Kleinschmidt store
for some time past and is thoroughly
familiar with all phases of the busi
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You do not give a present with the idea of supplying
need—that's charity.
Your thought is to make a friend happy with something
choice, which is admired and desired because of its beauty,
artistic design and permanent character.
So jewelry, silverware, and the many articles a jewel
er sells—gifts that last—are most appropriate of all gift
things. _
The variety, attractiveness style, and quality of
stocks make this store the Gift Shop of Bozeman.
N«w Styles in Rings, $10.00 to $1,000
//. A. Pease & Co .
The Hallmark Store
6 W. Main Street
a joi
10 B
o e ey<

GunN •
H Arc a lasting value from be- E
ginning to end. A constant gg
source of pleasure and use- ^
fulness, and the cost is so
small that you'll wonder *
B why yon did not start their B
ÎS installation before. In our S
gj estimation the best on the gn
market. That's why our
guarantee goes with every
G U N N Sectional Book
case we sell.
AVe want you to have the best,
for a pleased customer is the
best advertising.
COME IN—any time. Let us
3 explain their many exclusive g|
Ideal Furniture Co.
Earl Marshall, Mgr.

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