Newspaper Page Text
* Montana Farming Topics BE FREE FROM T. B. -— DAIRY STOCK MUST The battle being waged against tu berculosis in livestock, which has been carried on in Gallatin valley, is one that should be kept up for all time. The present situation in the county is good, as there has been a great deal of work done through the efforts of the county farm bureaus, which have been so ably assisted by County Agent Bodley. What it means to a community to let one case of tuberculosis go unno ticed is very vividly illustrated in an article sent to this office covering a condition found to exist in Illinois. The action of the authorities in taking urastic action in this case demon strates there is need of constant at tention being given in a district where there are large numbers of dairy stock, Following is the article and it car ries a warning worth heeding: From Paris, Ill., comes the startl ing report of transmitting tubercu losis by the use of cow's milk, was through such cases as the fol lowing that induced Hon- F. M. Burch to have passed in the regular session j of the Missouri legislature a bill re- ! ing all dairy herds of five head j ami over to be tested by a state vet- ' > rinary. It is a good law and should ' > ( rigidly enforced. j The residents of Edgar county are greatly aroused over an outbreak of j n a family in this vicinity re- ; from the* use of mlk from a It q tubcrculosis wlrch has recently oc curred in sultir Or j ' WSSTHSOm WE HAVE RECEIVED FROM THE HOMER-LAUGH LIN CHINA COMPANY Matchings for several patterns of dinnerware which we have carried in the past and have not been able to furnish to our customers. You can match your set from the display in our west window. Don't delay for our stock will soon be broken, I WIDE MOUTH KEER FRUIT JARS Pints, quarts, and half gallons, also a full line of extras for all fruit jars. Extra lids and caps; TUCKS. H. REA (& CO. Phone 24 Financing the Farmer f The farmer's business often needs a little extra financial backing if it is to grow and prosper. That is one reason why he should have a strong and willing bank behind him. It is an important function of this bank to give temporary assistance to farmers who seek it of us, and who have demonstrated their ability to repay obligations when due. S / y y y 3 1 he K. .r vay to establish a credit here ig to carry 3, and we cordially invite not only the :ie who wants to gain ground financially an account with v farmer but every to do so. f CALLATiN TRUST & SAVINGS BANK L Z 2 man, Montana Member * nîeral Reserve System Steam & Gas Engine Repairs 20 % Reduction, in Tires STORAGE $5. per Month MOTOR INN GARAGE r. 8 Cor. tJozeman and Mendenhall Sta. Phone 59 reactor cow formerly owned by Rob ert Goben. The entire herd was tu berculin tested by a federal veterin arian two years ago. One cow re acted. She was tagged and branded, and placed under quarantine by the federal veterinarian acting as the rep resentative of the state department of agriculture. The cow was suppos ed to have been kept segregated on this farm under the quarantine laws of the state until such time as she could be slaughtered. Because she was in good flesh and appeared healthy, he held that she did not have tuberculosis and it was said boasted he would like to have a whole herd just like her. The gov ernment ear tag was removed and the cow was given to his farm hand Rob ert Kelley, * in lieu of money owed Mr. elley, it is charged. Kelley stat ed that he took the cow to his home last spring. During the June follow ing one of his girls, five years old, complained of^a pain in her back. Dr. Martin, local * physician, was called and pronounced the case tuberculosis. Since then four other children have developed characteristic symptoms. These children range from two to All have enlarg nine years of age. cd glands and nearly all have on the body, lou* fected. The cow was slaughtered at the lo cal fertilizing plant yesterday, and a post mortem was held by Dr. Bi'anni , federal veterinarian, employed by the Edgar county farm bureau for ehe tuberculin testing of ïïcrds in the sores One is in a very ser condition because the spine is af an county. He assisted in the autopsy with Dr. Martin, the attending physi cian of the family. The cow proved to have a generalized case and was condemned. The liver was consider ably larger than normal, and contain ed qiasses of tubercles. Tubercular lesions were found in both lobes, and numerous glands of the body- The udder was also found to be affected with the disease. The examination was made in the presence of Mr, Crosby, county agent; H. R. Smith of the national livestock exchange, and Dr. Adams. There are seven chil dren in the family and all but two contracted the disease. One girl, 11 years old, does not drink milk and she seems to be perfectly healthy. This also is true of a six months old baby which has received no cow's milk. A jug which had been fed on the milk reacted to the tuberculin test and the family cat was found on post mortem examination to be affected with tuberculosis. Not only this, but a cow more recently purchased, kept with the condemned animal, has also reacted to the test and will be killed within a few days. It is a serious situation, and the site's attorney haL. signified his intention of prose cuting Goben on a criminal charge. The above condition can hardly de velop in Montana especially in Gal latin county, due to the excellent co operation of the various farm bu reaus and the state health depart ment. Every farmer, every owner of a milk cow should be interested to the extent of calling for an examin ation of the stock bn the place from which milk is obtained for domestic use. In this way only, will it be pos s-Wcsjto keep the disease out of the herds, thereby maintaining the high standard of production and the lection of the dairy stock. per FIRST GRAIN GRADING CASE CONVICTION IN MONTANA Helena, Aug. 31.—The first convic tion in Montana for violation of the state grain grading law was obtained at Fillings this past week when Frank Cousins pleaded guilty to act ing as a public warehouseman. He was fined. The complaint was sworn to by John H. Davis, chief of the di vision of grain standards and mar keting, of the department of agricul ture, labor and industry. This divis on now has inspectors in the field, and as ample time has been given all grain dealers to obtain licenses, it is the intention to proceed summarily against all unlicensed grain dealers, as well as persons who have not re newed their last year's lisenses. Cousins last year operated eleva tors at Huntley and Worden. All forain licenses automatically expire June 30 of each year. Cousins ap plied for a new license, but his appli cation was rejected until such a time as he had satisfactorily setÛed up with holders of storage tickets for business done in the previous year Penalties for violation of the grain grading laws range from a fine of $25 to $100 for each day's business done without a license to a maximum fine of $500 and imprisonment for six months in the county jail. BRINGS AN INCOME EVERY DAY The price of dairy products is in keeping with the cost of labor and feed, but there is always a fair mar gin of profit. Returns from the dairy .are not once each year, but a good cow makes an income every day, at least three hundred years of the year. The skim milk alone has a feeding value almost equal to whole milk, and the value of the calf ranges from ten to fifty per cent of the value of the In addition to furnishing our COW. most appreciated food, the dairy cow plays a very important part in main taining the fertility of the soil. The number of dairy cows in our county has increased from 6,385,094 in 1850 to 23,747,000 in 1920. Wis consin stands at the head, having 1, 846,000 and New York second with 1,493,000. Minnesota has 1,395,000, and Iowa 1,353,000. Illinois and Ohio-1-that have about 1,060,000 each. Wisconsin has approximately 1,720 cheese fac tories and New York 995. Minne sota stands at the head' in the pro duction of butter, having 848 cream eries; a greater number than exists in any of the other more important dairy states. The return from Min nesota are tnxly wonderful w r hen we consider that less than one-half the state observes dairying. The records show that during the year 1919 Min nesota produced 153,176,2004 pounds of creamery butter. The farmers in one county in that state received $7, 429,000 for butter alone. Twenty-nine other counties ranged from $1000, 000 to $4-000,000. While the aggre gate sum will not be as great under normal price conditions, the margin of profit will be sufficient to main tain the great prosperity enjoyed by the dairy farmer of Minnesota, which is reflected in all branches of busi ness in the great northwest. The herd r hou1djbe in keeping with the size of the farm. Excepting pos sibly some of the more important con | centre ted 'Ved?. all feeds should be ! produced on the farm, for it is not j profitable to buy them. The farm ! er should x'emeraber that the tial things to obsèrve are breed, care and feed. Success in dairying, like othei; branches of farming, depends upon the skill and thoroughness de voted to the work Hy the farmer. If the business is conducted in a care ts manner if the cow is, not mani festly a milk producer; or if she does not receve the proper care and a bal essen r anced ration; or if the foundation stock, sire and dam are not of a high producing strain, the herd will wane instead of improve. However, if all the essential features are strictly ob served, the farmer will be rewarded by having a very attractive net bal ance at the end of the year. In view of the permanent demand for dairy cattle and products, and the assurance of a stable price, and be cause of the fact that dairying is the important feature of farming, the fertility and productiveness of the soil has not waned but increased, it is reasonable to assume that if every farmer would keep a herd in propor> tion to the size of his farm, he would not suffer financial stumbling blocks which so often embarrass those farm ers who do not observe, equally, stock raising and crop raising. SHEFP ON THE FARM. The disposition of congress to give sheep men a fair tariff on wool is having the desired effect. Passing through the country, we see more sheep than for a long time in the past. Another encouraging thing about it is that the sheep we see are better than those of a few years ago. We are learning that it never pays to keep poor sheep. Again, our farmers are keeping their sheep better, which counts very must in sheep economy. Time wasted on poor sheep is thrown away. Time given to the care of the best possible sheep is money put out at good interest. In our haste to get back into the sheep business, let us not be in so much of a hurry that we do not work for the best small herd, and not the biggest inferior flock. Better a few well-kept than many, all slighted. Do sheep fit into your other farm plans ? Then get a few and "use them white. » IN THE KITCHEN. Plan every way possible for simfli fying the preparation of meals; allot the work to different members of the family, boys as well as girls, giving each a day on which they can cobk what they prefer and will be held re sponsible for the meals of that day, with the dish washing done by some other member of the family one absolute rule for all must be to The find no fault. Let father and mother, and the boys and girls have guests who come understanding that it is meals" to which they have been invit 'camp rd, and do not think a spread is need ed, either in foods or table service Paper dishes and napkins add to the effect an save dish washing, while a big roaster of Spanish contains the meat, potato, onion, car rot, and tomato is as satisfying to the inner man as are the same things cooked in separate dishes and served in numerous side dishes. Get rid of everything possible to lighten the routine work of ehe house. Serv</*meals on porch or out under a tree as often as possible. Do as you would in a bona fide camp, and steak that above ail things judge everything by the worker's intent and efforts—not by results if they happen to be less than perfect. • . X* If unexpected company arrives ex plain your camp plan and take them right into it—as you would have to do if they came to a real camp where many things would be available— and don't let them spoil your vaca tion time. The change in manner in living, and the rest times obtained by di viding up the work, will teach les thàt may help all through the This will be especially true of sons year. the experience with onedish cookery. COUNTY AGENT. The secretary of the Montana state fair has forwarded a supply of prem ium lists and entry blanks for the state fair which will be held during the week ot September 12 to 17th. The criticism is frequently heard exhibiting at the state fair has become the job,of a professional, and the exhibits are not representative of field crops, and that very few growers are represented in the county exhibit. To a greater or less extent this is probably true, and the farm bureau and county fair boards have expressed the intention of co-operat ing with the agricultural department of the state this winter in having these conditions remedied. Whether or not professionalism in exhibits can be eliminated and exhibits made representative of the county, depends largely upon the gx-owers. In the meantime all farmers who are interested in the success of the state fair and who have exceptional ly good samples of grains, grasses or vegetables should co-operate by eith er preparing the* exhibits themselves or by calling upon Mr. Conkling, who is in charge of the county exhibit this year and requesting him to come and get your material. Anyone de siring premium lists or entry blanks cask get them by calling at, or phon .ng the county agent's ofiice. The management promises a bigger and better fair this year and we should co-operate in making it a success. "A supply of premium lists for the international grain and hay show to be held in Chcago November 26 to December 3rd, and premium lists for t|xe northwest grain and hay show to be held hi Pendleton, Oregon, Sep tember 19th to 24th, arp also on file in the county agent's office and may be had by calling for them. Both of these ' shows offer attractive prizes Grasshoppers Breeding Now. Grasshoppers are now collecting their breeding grounds and will be laying their eggs for the next Every farmer is urged to keep watch for these breeding grounds, plainly mark them, and make it a point, where cultivation is possible, to thoroughly cultivate and stir up the ground this fall or early next spring, so that as soon as the eggs hatch, the young hoppers can be poisoned. Wherever eggs are being laid this fall, it is pretty safe that unless they are destroyed, we will have a lot of grasshoppers next year. and Gallatin county should be repre sented. v ' on month. Start Campaign October First The farm bureau has requested that the T. B. campaign be started October first, that all cattle in the county not tested last winter and spring be tested, and that the few herds where diseased animals were found be retested this fall. We want to start in October first, so that most or all of the work can be com pleted before roads become impas sible from snow. It will be conduct ed by school districts iind it is impor tant that every herd be tested as we progress. The test will be made without any cost to the farmer or stockman, but they will be expected to have their cattle in a barn or cor ral where the teat can be made with out loss of time. If more conven lent, arrange with your neighbor to u*e Ivs chute and cosrul.if you have no satisfactory place. Ip order that Yours for Real Tobacco « » says the Good Jüdge Men are getting away from the big chew idea. They find more satisfac tion in a little of the Real Tobacco Chew than they ever got from a big chew of the ordinary kind. Costs you less, too—the full, rich tobacco taste lasts so much longer. Any man who uses the Rcf.l Tobacco Chc-w will tell you that. Fut up in two styles RIGHT CUT is a short-cut tobacco W-3 CUT is a long, fine-cut tobacco Jr / ■v V ' Ï/ ./ •iff. Eg? 3ii WS K*-i ... fiwi;iiiiiiii;iiiiiiii!aii(iiiiiaiiiitiMiManiiiwi,ii'iMi>iii'ii:ii.(iiiiiii:iiiii'i:ii! ■hinii'iminrc » i«:m:iiiati«;.tnnnn lanaiiaur*,' 5 vl «V On Sound Basis After the War ? i i Soon after the civil war President Grant put this country on a sound finincial basis. On his recommendation congress passed an act "to strengthen public credit," and specie payments were later resumed. Wise people are banking their surplus s I cash. Bank your money today and be pre pared for any eventuality. i I 3 SECURITY BANK & TRUST CO. 30 West Main Street President; H. S. BUELL Cashier: W. N. PURDY Vice President: A. G. BERTHOT i Assist. Cashier: J. L. KETTERER I w I iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiinMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiHiiniiiiiiHimiiiintiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiHiiiiiiiHiHiiiiimnimniiiinniiiiimi 1 Taft Praised Bankers 1 Work ♦ Chief Justice William Howard Taft in his talks to American bankers praised the work they are doing. Did you ever stop to consider what this country would be without banks? There never were as many bank de positors in the United States as there are today. * w Are you a depositor? If you are not, see us today about opening an account. SAFETY—HONESTY—COURTESY—SERVICE • -, - 'I ■ . plans can be made in advance we hope that one or more men in each school district where the test has not ^een ma( j e w ;n ge fc n touch with the coun ty agent's office and arrange for wor k Also those owners hav j n g one or more condemned annuals w j ien ^yj e test was made last fall, w j n t er or spring are requested to get j n touch with the county agent so arra ngements for the test can be ma( j e> It will be tasy to complete ^jj e coun ty if everyone will cooper ate as well as they did last winter. Providence Journal General Hays announces that he will be glad to have constructive criticism of his department. Be patient. Mr. Hays; the public has hardly recover ed from the exhaustion of criticising the Burleson administration of the postoffice. Postmaster _.. | HEATING & PLUMBING CHARLES LUNDWALL Repairing of All Kinds. Prices Reasonable. * Phone No. 7. 424 E. Main.