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OF MONTANA. Published By the Silver Bow Trades and Labor Council—Weekly—In the Interests of Organized ! -£^or Montana Labor News The American standard of living must be maintained in order that American in stitutions may not be sub ject to perils of discontent. There can be no prosperity without justly high wages. Earnings of working people are the basis progress in any community. and index OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE MONTANA STATE FEDERATION OF LABOR BUTTE, MONTANA, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1932. Vol. VIII. Hi No. 41 Vca] ■Lis Sfj, BUILDIMu TRADES ARBITRATE GRIEVANCES A. F. OF L. MAY SEND WARNING TO ROOSEVELT Labor Group Alarmed by Reports That President Elect Is Conferring With Reactionary Politicians. LABOR CONCERNED IN CABINET APPOINTEES WASHINGTON— (F. P.)— Alarmed by reports from Warm Springs that President-elect Roosevelt is surround ed by discredited and reactionary politicians who are advising against a special session of Congress and in favor of ignoring demands for hunger relief appropriations this winter, leaders of the American Federation of Labor are considering the need for an early interview with Roose velt. It is not unlikely that a mis sion representing both the American Federation of Labor and the inde pendent rail brotherhoods will visit the president-elect in his Georgia health resort, and tell him that or ganized labor looks to him for more than mere friendly words. Suggestions that cabinet material is being sorted over, and that candi dates for posts so important to labor as attorney general and secretaries of labor and of war are being recom mended, have disturbed the labor officials. If it be true that Roose velt has definitely set his course "to the left of the center," as Chairman Farley appears to have informed the press on Dec. 1, then all is com paratively safe. If Baruch, Owen Young, Baker and John W. Davis have been definitely eliminated and the cabinet is to be made up of lib erals such as Tom Walsh of Montana and Carter Glass of Virginia, the trade union forces will be easily sat isfied with the naming of the secre tary of labor. But there is growing doubt as to what Roosevelt will do. He postpones the hour of committing himself on fundamentals, even though his inauguration is but two months off. Walsh would be popular with labor men, as head of the Department of Justice. Ritchie of Maryland would be intensely unpopular; a fight would be made on his confirmation, if he were nominated to the place, it is a fair presumption that labor men would applaud the selection of J. D. Ross of Seattle as secretary of the interior, just as they would re sent the putting into that post of a henchman of the Electric Bond & & Share Company. Aside from cabinet selections, la bor is concerned over the sales tax struggle which is opening in Con gress, and is anxious that Roosevelt shall declare himself for the infor mation of the Democrats in Con gress this month. Labor faces a hard fight to repeal the furloughs im posed on federal workers under the Economy Act, and to prevent the enactment of a new cut for these workers. It is concerned with get ting the 20-hour week established in all government service, as a means of stabilizing employment and spread ing buying power. Here again Roosevelt's silence plays into the hands of the anti-labor forces. Meanwhile the Bingham economy committee of the Senate has opened hearings on the furlough and pay issues, and Bingham has decreed that only the direct spokesmen of the federal workers shall be heard. The labor mission to Roosevelt, if it is sent, will' be able to report to him on the probable findings of the Sen ate committee, and will ask the pres ident-elect to take action that will prevent the Senate Democrats from lining up with the G. O. P. reaction aries for a further reduction in the income of government employes. * And L "The share-the-work plan is just a way of making the kind-hearted workers pay the cost of the depres sion."—Frances Perkins, New York state industrial commissioner, men tioned as probable secretary of labor. WHITE HOUSE VISITED BY FRIENDS OF MARCHERS-HOOVER HIDES Women, Prominent in New York Social Service, Call at White House to Pre sent Petition for Marchers WASHINGTON — (F.P.) — W h e n nine women, some of them prom inent in New York social service and leisure-class circles, called at the White House on Dec. 2 to pre sent a petition to President Hoover, urging that the Hunger Marchers be given shelter and food, and that no police aggression against them be permitted, the Chief Executive went into hiding. Due to the fact that a daughter-in-law of Thomas Lamont of Morgan & Co. and some of her friends were members of the group, Hoover did not chain shut the gates of the White House grounds on their approach. But he ordered his press secretary, Theodore Joslin, to see them and send them away. When Joslin asked for their peti tion Mrs. William Osgood Field, Jr., chairman, refused to hand it over, saying that they came to sec Hoover. Joslin said that that would be im possible. When asked why, he said he made the decision himself. Like wise he determined the grounds for his own decision against them. Fi nally he advised them to see the District Commissioners, who arc like [ Continued on Page F( ■i RADICAL PRESS NEED IS SHOWN BY RECENT ELECTION RESULTS OSCAR AMER1NGER SAYS HOPE OF MASSES LIES IN LIBERAL JOURNALISM. By Oscar Ameringer. Although it looks now that the combined Socialist, Communist and Farmer-Laborite vote will exceed the million mark, some of you will be disappointed. I am not, and this for the following reasons: First: Times of great social dis tress preclude clear thinking and hence intelligent action. Second: The strength of a radi cal movement depends primarily upon the strength of the radical press. The first point may be explained by saying that when a herd of cattle mills about aimlessly, it is a sure indication that the herd is wrought up over something, while the very fact that it is milling around is in contestable proof that it does not know where to go. In regards to the second point, it is enough to say that the combined radical press of the country, ranging from deepest red to lightest pink, and including the foreign language pa pers, does not exceed half a million of readers. Well then, the parties which are more or less sponsoring a collectivist order polled a million votes, this means in turn that there are some 600,000 collectivists of all shades in the U. S. A., augmented by an equal number of people who have sufficiently soured on the old order to rather "throw their vote away" than vote for something they do not want and win. Why do I restrict the strength of the collectivist sentiment to the read ers of the collectivist press. Simple. In order to become an active col lectivist, it is not sufficient that his old thinking machine is rebuilt. What is necessary is that his old machine is junked and a new one established in its place. A stray pamphlet, trial subscrip tion to a radical publication, an oc casional radio address, or the sym pathetic appeal of an earnest speaker may set a person to thinking—but in an environment where the human mind is daily bombarded by im pression and where, moreover 99 44-100 per cent of the bombarding comes from the enemy lines, occa sional impressions are all too quickly obliterated. It is only by repetition that new ideas are assured permanent lodge ment, and this is best achieved by the press. Once a man becomes a regular reader of the colleetiv And CORRECTION IS MADE BY NAZI PRESS WRITER Hitlerite Says Anti-Jewish Article is False. WASHINGTON—(F. P.)~On Dec. 3 a typed replica of part of a Wash ington service sheet of Federated Press, dated Nov. 28 and containing an item headed "Hitler Has Anti Jewish Agitator Watching Washing ton" was exhibited to the Washing ton correspondent of the Federated Press by Herr Kurt G. Ludeeke, the man described in the article. Herr Ludeeke did not explain how he came to possess the replica, which could not normally come into the hands of non-subscribers to the serv ice. He denounced the article, how ever, as false. He was invited to write out a specific denial of the statements contained in it. Under date of Dec. 5 his list of corrections was received, as follows: "1. I am not placed here as an 'Anti-Jewish agitator watching Wash ington,' but my office is serving as a news agency for the National So cialist Press in Germany, as you can see from the above letterhead. (Cor [Continued on Page Four] ist press, he is a collectivist for life. He may in the course of time become a tired radical. Cir cumstances may even force him to deny his faith. He may even, in rare cases, and for economic rea sons usually, sing paeans to the old gods. But there is no faith in his heart, no conviction in his speech. Worthless as he may have become to the new mind in his brain, he is still more spoiled for serving the old. The voice of MacDonald, premier of England still, is not the clarion call of yore. It's the echo of a troubled soul. * Now when it comes to the exact nature of what a collectivist press should be, I have no blueprints to submit. All I can offer is light on what I am trying to do with my paper. FIRST, I seek to spread the gos pel of collectivism in the light of [Continued on Page Pour] Timely and Untimely -Observations Ity ADAM COALDIOOKK WELL, 1 TOLD 'EM SO. Now that the giant minds of the civilized world (oh yeah!) are again wrestling with the war debt problem, may I, in due humility and unsur passed self-effacing modesty, make the incontrovertible statement that I have not only predicted the outcome of the World war, but also its con sequences. this statement may contestible proofs of its correctness in the files of the National Rip-saw and the Milwaukee Leader, aeries 1914-1920, on which . I filled the position of senior prophet during that period. Far be it from me to claim (the meek shall inherit the earth) that Habakuk, Isaiah and Jeremiah didn't pull off some creditable prophesying, considering the cultural backwardness of their times and the lousy tools they had to work with. Nevertheless truth (forever on the gallows) com pels me to state that when it comes to 99 44/100 pure prophesying, the old gentlemen were but amateurs as compared with your humble— Any person doubting find in Anyhow, I predicted (please par don the personal pronoun), I pre dicted that given the tremendous [Continued Page 'i'll rev) The Washington -Scene Hy LAWRENCE TODD WASHINGTON—(F.P.)_President Hoover's last big mobilization to re pel petitioners for redress of the grievance of hunger and cold and homelessness on the occasion of the visit of the 3,000 Hunger Marchers, passed off without the gassing or shooting of a single worker. This lack of exercise of the pent-up sav agery of 2,000 police and 4,000 sol diers, held on active duty or in re serve for three days, was a matter of disappointment to the moving pic ture men and a great many of the press correspondents and politicians. Not even the provocative action of Senator Metcalf of Rhode Island in sending one of his secretaries to en list as a "seaman" and become a delegate from Brooklyn—to leave the Marchers in Baltimore and report to Secretary Doak and other master detectives—broke the self-discipline of this army of protest. Robert M. Buck, former editor of the New Majority, which was the organ of the Chicago Federation of Labor, described vividly, in the Wash ington News of Dec. 6, the all-night barrage of insults with which the po lice surrounding the pavement "camp" of the Marchers tried to make these determined young people forget their danger. He said that "the rough stuff" the police "threw into" the Hunger Marchers last night convinced many observers that a de liberate incitement to riot had been attempted. Buck was one of the group of newspaper men who stayed through the night, watching the sit uation P "The police taunted and cursed the hungry marchers," he said. "They manhandled them. Their command ing officers looked on and said noth ing. Police Chief Brown had for two days been telling reporters and other inquirers that the Hunger Marchers were free to leave the camp afoot; that they could go and come as individuals. " 'They are like anyone else. We have no right to stop them so long as they do not violate the law,' Brown said. But at no time were [Continued Page Four) HUNGER MARCH CASTS SHADOW OVER SESSION Hunger Marchers Are Made "Prisoners of War" by Police on Highway One Mile From Capitol Hill. SECOND FASCIST BLOW IS STRUCK BY HOOVER WASHINGTON— (F. P.)—Assem bled in final or lame-duck session, after an election which had swept out of office more veteran reac tionaries than were defeated in any previous year, the 72nd Congress found its own business overshadowed by the fact that 3,000 Hunger March ers were "prisoners of war" on a police-cordoned stretch of highway a mile distant from the capitol. Penned in upon this half-mile of pavement, with no shelter but the trucks and cars which brought them from the four corners of the nation, these prisoners of class war, held without a declaration of martial law or the issuance of a warrant, pre sented their demands through col umns of newspaper space in every town where the press has a foot hold. In the press of the capital the photograps of these militant pe titioners, and detailed accounts of the hardships imposed upon them by this mass imprisonment on the pave ment, made every lawmaker fully conversant with the second fascist blow struck by the Hoover regime since Congress adjourned last July. On July 28 the president had sent the army against the veterans of the World war, driving them from gov ernment property at the point of the bayonet and burning their shack [Continued on Page Three] SETTLEMENT IS ACTED UPON BY BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL The last of the labor difficulties was settled to the satis faction of the Building Trades Council and the Builders Exchange representing the contractors. A reduction of 15 per cent was made in all the building trades crafts instead of the suggested 20 per cent. It was also agreed that all contractors would work on a closed shop basis and that the Montana Power Company and the Anaconda Company would withdraw their open-shop declaration. All unfairnesses against contractors and or ganizations due to the current disagreements are to be removed. All working conditions are to be maintained by the unions. The Teamsters received a reduction of 50 cents per day in the final settlement, due to the fact that they took a cut during the strike two years ago. The Workingmen hope to maintain a five-dollar per day scale for all members of the union, for an eight-hour day. The only unions that did not sign the agreement were the Plasterers and the Painters. The Painters are still working under the contract that does not expire un til next month. MOST HOPEFUL" FEDERATION MEET SINCE 1920, IS VERDICT Session Was More Militant on Broad Questions of Labor Policy and Mark edly Swung to the Left. CINCINNATI— (P. P.)—The most interesting and the most hopeful American Federation of Labor con vention since the Montreal gathering in 1920 declared for the Plum plan of government ownership of the rail roads—that is the verdict of dele gates as the 1932 sessions closed in Cincinnati. It was more pugnacious within the sessions and committee meetings, more militant on broad questions of labor policy, and mark edly to the left of recent years. The outstanding declarations were for the 30-hour week and for com pulsory unemployment insurance by state legislation. Both measures were the bitter fruit of the three-year de pression and both provoked bitter debate. The trade union die-hards, who are hangovers from the Samuel Gompers school of purely economic pressure for better conditions, ob jected to the demand on congress for legislative enactment of the five day week and six-hour day. They wanted to achieve it by the power of the unions exercised in the shops and mills and on the railroads. They were roughly told that this supposed power was largely non-existent. The resolutions committee stated that apart from the railroads unionism was not a power in any large cor poration. Most amazing of all the spectacu'ar episodes of the convention was prob ably the fiercely militant speech de livered by President Green for "forciblè methods" in combatting unemployment and restoring a de cent job at a decent wage to the 12 million unemployed. He confessed without qualification that the post war policy of conciliation, of smiling hopefully at the bosses, of pleading with them for favors, had failed ut terly. He called for ne-w militancy, for a revival of the fighting spirit of embattled labor against greedy and hostile employers. Rebuked edi torially by the New York Times for abandoning the handshaker attitude of concession and suppiiance, he re peated his challenge and made it stronger. It stood out in bold con trast to his opening remarks Nov. 21 that "through the constructive action taken at this convention a valuable contribution toward the restoration of our impaired capitalistic struc ture" would be made. The convention voted to take the profit «out of war preparations, to condemn insurance racketeering by favoring state fund workman com pensation policies, for repeal of the prohibition amendment and for beer and light wines, for stoppage of all immigration, for defense of the school systems against the economy attacks of bankers and business men, and for [Continued ou Faxe Four] U. S. Labor Department Representative Assists in Wage Controversies E. T. Harsh, the U. S. government conciliiator, who has been in Butte assisting in the settlement of the problems the unions and the em ployers, left yesterday at 1 p. m. The services rendered by Mr. Marsh in reconciling the difficulties of the recent labor situation were of ines timable value both to the employes and employers. It was largely due to his influence that many of the wrinkles were ironed out in the con ferences. The Montana Labor News is glad to extend to Mr. Marsh its appreciation. Mr. Marsh was appointed to his position in the Department of Labor during the first term of President Wilson. Prior to that time he was president of (he Washington State Federation of Labor, from 1913 to 1918. He carries a card in the Typo graphical Union, who formerly was president of the Montana State Federation of Labor, assisted Mr. Marsh during his stay here. Mr. Bell, international officer of the Electrical Workers, has been a visitor in Butte for the last week or ten days and has been associated with Mr. Marsh in the conclusion of the contracts with the employers. Steve Ely, until recently president of the Montana State Federation of Labor, has been a visitor in Butte for the past several days. It is al ways a pleasure to see Steve and a pleasure to have him drop in the office of the Montana Labor News. Steve's knowledge in union affairs and trials is second to none in the state of Montana. He is now em ployed as Montana director of the employment service of the U. S. gov ernment. This is a service that was created by the Republican admin istration to assist the unemployment situation. Mort Donohue, Evil Sees Capitalism as WASHINGTON—(F.P.)—"We must educate the people, through the churches, that capitalism is an evil, just as chattel slavery was an evil," was the message brought to the con ference of the Joint Committee of Unemployment by Jerome Davis, member of the faculty of Yale uni versity divinity school. He declared that whenever an owner of capital uses it in a manner inimical to the interests of society, he forfeits his title to ownership. The epoch of uncontrolled capitalism is ended, Davis said, and the people, starving amidst the means of plenty, are preparing to restore their own security of living. He proposed immediate recognition of the Soviet Union, in order that $1,000,000,000 of trade with that country might "inject insulin into our economic order" during the col lapse.