A CURIOUS COURT
It Is Held Annually When France
Pays Tribute to Spain.
PRICE OF AN ANCIENT PEACE.
After More Than Five Centuries Three
Calves Are Still Humbly Presented
Each Year to the Haughty Descend
ants of the Victorious Spaniards.
Every year there takes place iu the
Pyreneati highlands a remarkable fete.
It is held at the boundary stone of San
Martin, which separates the French
valley Bareton from the Spanish valley
of Roncal. Every year the representa
tives of the French peasants assemble
there In order to pay the Spaniards a
tribute, which cousists of three calves
of the same age and the same color,
and the delivery of the calves is ac
companied by ceremonies which suffi
ciently indicate that the old inhabit
ants of the Roncal v 'Hey were once
victorious over their neighbors.
At 9 o'clock in the morning the may
ors of the various villages in the Bare
ton valley, bravely adorned with their
blue, white and red scarfs of office,
march up to the boundary stone. In
front of the column walks a lad, with a
pike, from the point of which flutters a
little white penuon as a gage of peace
The three calves are dragged in the
rear of the procession at the end of
long ropes. Calves and scarfs take up
their position by the stone and await
the arrival of the Spaniards.
They are scon visible in the distance.
Iu front walks a man clad in sheep
skins, who waves a red pennon at the
end of a pike as a sign of war. Behind
hi in walks the alcalde of Isaba, the
principal village in the valley of Ron
cal, and following him come the a
caldes of the other villages, their staffs
of office in their hands. The bulk of
the procession consists of shepherds,
stern looking fellows armed with old
sabers and matchlocks.
The alcalde of Isaba is all glorious to
behold in a long black garment fas
tened by gold buttons, a tall white ruff,
tight fitting knee breeches, red silk
stockings and buckled shoes. ▲ som
brero covers his bead, and In his hands
he holds the staff adorned with silver
knobs, the emblem in Spain of magis
As soon as the Spaniards reach the
rendezvous the alcalde of Isaba steps
to the front and addresses them in sol
emn ceremonial style:
•'Are you come to pay tribute and
swear friendship according to old cus
tom and tradition?"
''That is the reason of our coming,"
answer the French.
Then the two standard bearers ap
proach the boundary stone and lay
their pikes crosswise upon it. After a
few moments the Spaniard takes bis
up again, sticks it into French soil and
then places it as before on the stone.
On the cross formed by the two shafts
the representatives of the two valleys
swear to keep the peace with loyal
Then follows the delivery of the three
calves to the Spaniards. They are ex
amined by a veterinary surgeon and
accepted, after which all present take
up their stations under a shady oak,
and, following the example of the good
£t Louis of France and Alfonso the
Wise of Spain, the alcalde of Isaba en
thrones himself among the gnarled
roots of the oak and proceeds to act as
Shepherds and neatherds pass before
him and prefer their international com
plaints. The judge listens to both sides,
bids them bring forward their witness
es and delivers judgment without de
lay, Inflicting a fine on one, awarding
compensation to another, punishing one
and affording satisfaction to his victim.
After all the quarrels are settled the
alcalde undertakes the appointment of
the pasture guardians for both valleys,
so that he enjoys even greater author
ity in the township of Bareton than the
president of the republic himself. Fi
nally, they all betake themselves to
Spanish soil, where a Homeric feast is
set out, and till late in the night the
banquet goes on, the descendants of
the old warlike mountain peoples drink
ing together in brotherly unity in com
memoration of the conclusion of the
peace of 1375 and the installation of
the above ceremonies.
About 300 years after this treaty had
• been made the French -began to refuse
to pay the tribute, bnt after some nego
tiations they consented to continue it.
iu more modern times they tried to get
>the tribute commuted to a sum of mon
■ey, hut the Spaniards declined, bnt
agreed to forego the firing of guns in
the direction of France as being a
wound to French amour propre. —Lon
Maud-Beatrix has lost twenty pounds
iately— her uew gowns are perfect suc
cesses, her sweetheart proposed to her
hist night, her rich uncle died yester
day and lert her a million, and now
«he has to go to his funeral today and
try to look sad -Harper's Bazar.
An expert cabinetmaker can take a
new piece of furniture and make It
look as if It was 200 years old-and so
can the average small boy .—Chicago
Hasn't Been Made.
"Do you give your wife all tbs mon
ey she wants?"
"There isn't that much."- Washing
ton 8tar. ___
Every man Is occasionally what ha
ought to be perpetually.—Dr. Johnson.
" A WOND ERFUL STREAM.
The Mississippi River, Its Magnitude
and the Area It Drains.
The Mississippi river, lying wholly
within the temperate zone, is in this
respect more fortunately situated than
the more fertile valleyed Amazon, since
the climate here, varied and sometimes
Inhospitable as it is. offers conditions
of human development there denied.
The m in stream is 2,500 miles in
length—that Is, about ten times that
of the Seiue. As Mark Twain has saiu
It Is "the crookedest river" iu the
world, traveling 1.300 miles to cover
the same ground that a crow would
fly over In 075. For several hundred
miles It is a mile in width. Back in
1882 it was seventy miles wide when
the flood was highest.
The volume of water discharged by
It into the sea is second only to the
Amazon and is greater than that of
all European rivers combined (omitting
the Volga». The amount is estimated
at 139 cubic miles annually—that is. it
would fiil annually a tank 139 miles
tong, 139 miles wide and 139 miles
high. With its tributaries It provides
somewhat more than 10,000 miles of
navigable water, more than any other
aystem on the globe except the Ama
zon and more than enough to reach
from Lake Superior to Paris by way
of Kamchatka and Alaska, about
three-fourths of the way around the
globe. The sediment deposited is 400.
000,000 tons, enough to require daily
for Its removal 500 trains of fifty cars,
each carrying fifty tons, and to make
each year two square miles of new
earth over a hundred feet deep.
The area which it drains is roughly
1,250,000 square miles, or two-fifths of
the United States. That is. Germany
Austria-Hungary, France and Italy
could be set down within this area
and there would still be some room to
It has the strength, for the most part
put to no use whatever, of 00,000.000
horses. The difference between high
water and low water is In some places
fifty feet, which gives some impression
of the range of its moodiness.—John
Finley In Scribner's Magazine.
SHE WAS GOING TO DÎE.
Then Something 'Happened That Made
the Sick Girl Welt.
An Atchison young lady had been
dl for some time and finally became
much depressed. She told a married
lister, who was assisting in caring for
her, that she knew she was going to
lie, and that she might as well distrib
ate her possessions. "I'll give you my
coral beads," she said to the married
sister, "but Mary is to have my dia
mond ring because you have had sev
eral diamonds given to you by your
The sick girl expected the married sis
ter to fall on her neck and weep, not
inly at the sadness of her impending
and untimely death, but because of her
generosity in the matter of her corals.
Bo it was no wonder that every nerve
n the invalid's body was jarred by the
married sister's answer: "Well, of all
the nerve! Giving me your little string
of cheap corals' Why, they cost only
$20, while your diamond ring Is worth
every bit of $250. It makes me tired,"
the married sister continued in excited
tones, "the way you indulge Mary.
Why, she's at a party this very min
ate, and I'm slaving here with you.
As for my diamonds, didn't I help my
husband scrimp and save?"
But right here the sick young wo
man, buoyed up by righteous indigna
tion, her blood pumping through her
reins with anger, sat up, put her feet
Irmly on the floor, got up and dressed.
"You can take the next train for
home." she said to the astonished mar
ried sister. "I'll just wear my dia
mond ring and corals myself a little
while longer." This is a true story,
ind, although the incident occurred six
months ago. the Atchison young lady
hasn't been sick a minute since.
Notice of Contest
Department of the Interior, United
States Land Office, Miles City, Mon
tana, Jan. 9, A. D., 1913.
To John Haider of Paxton, Monta
You are hereby notified that Eu
gene Zimdars, who gives Bloomfield,
Montana, as his post-office address,
did on Jan. 9, 1913, file in this office
his duly corroborated application to
contest and secure the cancellation of
your Homestead Entry No. G8599,
made April 26, 1912, for SJ Section
2, Township 20 N. of Range 50 E., of
Montana Principal Meridian, and as
grounds for his contest he alleges
that the said land has not been culti
vated, improved or fenced, or residec
on since filing thereon, but that the
same has been wholly abandoned, and
that the absence is not due to your
employment in the U. S, army, navy
or marine corps in any capacity, in
time of war or otherwise.
You are, therefore, further notified
that the said allegations will be taken
by this office as having been confessed
by you, and your said entry will be
cancelled thereunder without your
further right to be heard therein,
either before this office or on appeal,
if you fail to file in this office within
twenty days after Hie FOURTH publi
cation of this notice, as shown below,
your answer, under oath, specifically
meeting and responding to these al
legations of contest, or if you fail
within that time to file in this office
due proof that you have served a copy
of your answer on the said contestant
either in person or by registered mail.
If this service is made by the delivery
of a copy of ycur answer to the con
testant in person, proof of such sei -
vice must be either the said contes
tant's written acknowledgment oi
his receipt of the copy, showing the
date of such receipt, or the affidavit
of the person by whom the delivery
was made stating when and where the
copy was delivered; if made by regis
tered mail, proof of such service must
consist of the affidavit of the person
by whom the copy was mailed stating
when and the postoffice to which it
was mailed, and this affidavit must be
accompanied by the postmaster's re
ceipt for the letter.
You should state in you answer the
name of the postoffice to which you
desire future notices to be sent to you.
J. C. AULD, Receiver.
Date of first publication Jan. 16,
Date of second publication Jan. 23,
Date of third publication Jan. 30,
Date of fourth publication Feb. 6,
Attorney for Contestant.
Score cards for sale at the Monitor
Farmer's Short Course
The greatest convention in *he his
tory of Montana in the interests of
agriculture and country life is sched
uled to be held at Bozeman, January
22-30, in conjunction with the farmers'
and housekeepers' short courses at
the Agricultural College.
The plan by days is as follows :
Wednesday, January 22nd, Horti
cultural Day : H. H. Shepard of
Oregon and others are on the program.
In the evening Professor Elrod of
Montana University will give an il
lustrated lecture on the Lewis and
Thursday, Good Roads Congress :
Speakers, President Howard Elliott,
E. P. Mathewson, J. H. Durston.
Friday, Cooperation Day : Speakers,
Hon. Oliver Wilson of the National
Grange, B. B. Hare of Washington,
Saturday, Rural School Day: Speak
ers, Hon. L. P. Alderman of Oregon,
Miss Mary G. Deem of North Dakota,
President Monroe of Dillon, and oth
Sunday, Country Church Day :
Speakers, Dr. R M. Donaldson of
Denver, Dean Tenney of Montana Wes
leyan University, and others.
Monday, Better Seed Day ; P. G.
Holden and A. E. Chamberlain will be
the principal speakers.
Tuesday, Farm Homes Day: Joe
Wing, Mrs. Alice Peloubet Norton of
Chicago University, and other speak
Wednesday, Recreation and Health
Day : Hon. O. C. Gregg of Minnesota,
Dr. Craighead of Montana University,
State Chemist W. M. Cobleigh, and
Thursday, Dairy Day : Speakers,
R. F. Flint of North Dakota, O. C.
Gregg, and A. K. Resser of Wash
ington, D. C.
Everyone is invited to attend this
convention. Railway rates of a fare
and a third have been secured. Rooms
may be secured by writing the Reg
istrar, Montana Agricultural College,
Bozeman. Short courses for farmers
ana housekeepers are running the en
tire week. Special music will be giv
en between ehe addresses. Basket ball
and other entertainments will also be
features of the week.
F. S. Cooley,
Supt. of Farmers' Institutes.
Fresh, Rolisblo. Pur*
fcuranteed to Plssss
! Every Gardener and
Planter should test the
Northern Grown Boeds.
FOR 10 CENTS
1 ffcf.SSBey tana * . Ms
t pkg. Mhms lUSMl * . Ms
I fM- S » H Br sw is g CsIsfT__ » * . . Ms
t Me. —rly h se< OsMf • • * \Z
Mi« Zertr Ss r s w h iaS j
S Mg- reUsrtsa■eshs tfa w .
AIbsIS Tsrtstissflhstss flewsr I
1124 Rose St.
■■ '' x'$'
The Flour City-Four Cylinder-Tractor
Is universally recognized as the embodiment of strength, simplicity and efficiency. Especially designed for
genera! farm work. Powerful enough.to handle the load. Simple in construction and strong enough to
stand the strain. Built in three sizes, 20, 30 and 40 horsepower. BURNS KEROSENE as well as gasoline,
The piincipal pointstaken into consideration in the development of these tractors are hoisepower, weight,
strength, simplicity and durability. All three sizes are equipped with a four cylinder motor and high drive
wheels, a construction that differentiates the "FLOUR CITY" from most types now on the market. The
four cylinders admit of a lighter construction ; they obviate the necessity of the heavy fly-wheels used on
single and double cylinder types of tractors. The large diameter drive wheels insure greater traction than
where wheels of smaller diameter are used; they have greater surface contact on the ground and will more
readily pass over soft or uneven places. Thus it is possible to eliminate excessive weight, thereby increas
ing the draw bar horse-power. The advantage gained is two-fold—it will not pack the ground so hard when
in the field work, and saves fuel otherwise expended in propelling excessive weight, consequently it is more
economical. These advantages were manifested by its Gold medal record in the 1911 Winnipeg Contest,
in which it won two Gold Medals out of a possible three, and a bronze medal in the third; as well as
being awarded the Gold Medal in the previous contests of 1908 and 1909.
Advance Separators and Machinery.
W. F. NYE, Agent.
DR. BERT BOONS
Office in Postoffice Building
Dr. A. J. DuFRENE
Deputy State Veterinarian
Office over Davis & Farnum's
Office upstairs in Masonic Annex, Glendive,Monl. j
Will practice in all State Courts and U. S. Lane, j
office. Probate matters, land filings, contest: i
final proofs, etc. Railway Lands, Scrip Lands
Insurance and Abstracting.
J. A. SLATTERY
Practice in all courts. Real estate and probat«
law a specialty. Opinions on titles to all real« s
tabî. Complete abstracts to all lands in Dawson
County furnished promptly and accurately.
Real estate bought and sold. Insurance. Col
lections given prompt attention. U. S. land office
Office in Masonic Annex.
For the return or information
leading to recovery of one bay
mare, branded BBJ cn left thigh,
weight about 1,500, 5 years
old. Last seen "^"between Gold
gulch and Wolf creek, near 14
ranch. Return to T. J. Babcock,
Paxton, Mont. 8tp39
The Choicest Cuts
of fine Native Cattle are to be had
here every day in the week. We keep
prime Beef only, and the tenderest
Mutton and Lamb. Our Meats have
made a reputation for themselves and
are praised in many a home. They
are juicy and tender, possessing a
most delicious flavor. All kinds of
fresh killed poultry in season. Chops,
steaks and cutlets that will melt in
your mouth. Fresh country sausages.
The best mild cured hams and bacon.
Prices pleasing to purchasers.
CITY MEAT MARKET
CHAS. SCHMIDT, Prop.
For any kind of
Sewer or Water Ditch
At Lowe's Hardware Store
All work guaranteed
By job or day
Livery, Feed and
«Sales Barn v* VP
Horses of all
kinds for sale,
the Court House
Special Attention Given to Landseekers
and Real Estate Men
Breeders of full blood Shorthorn Cattle.
Always have choice young Bulls for sale.
Job Printing Neatly done at the
MAN or WOMAN
is desired right now to represent The Pictorial Review in
this territory—to call on those-whose subscriptions, are about
to expire. Big mone 3 r for the right person—representatives
in some other districts make over $500.00 a month. Spare
time workers are liberally paid for what they do Any per
son taking up this position becomes the direct local repre
sentative of the publishers. Write today for this offer of
222 West 39th Street
New York City
Reginald T. Hurdle
Surveyor for Dawson County
Engineering, Surveying, Estimat
ing, Irrigating, Contracting,
Glendive, - Mont*.
Physician and & Ö
Office over Ex O
G1 f I a
Chester E. Dove
DRS. D 0 VF,j
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