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Of the ; * The Wilsons a Charming South ern Family, All Interested In Intelleciual Pursuits. By WALTON WILLIAMS. T HE election of a president of the United States does more than place an official at.the head of the nation. Its social effects on Washington are hardly less momen tous than its |H>litica! results in the country at large. While the president's wife is not a candidate for the suffrage of the people, she nevertheless is cnoseu to high position. "First lady of the laud'' is more than an honorary title. It carries with it social leadership in the Capital City and of official circles outside the Capita! City. The president's family as a whole is also elected to a large amount of publicity, welcome or otherwise. The great south of which Washington Is the gateway may well feel that it already knows Governor and Mi's. Wll sou and their three daughters, for the next president of the United States was born in Staunton, Va., near by. and Mrs Wilson comes from Savannah. Ga. Tliei# daughters. Miss Margaret Wilson, the eldest; Miss Jessie Wood row Wilson, the second child, and Miss Eleanor Randolph Wilson,the youngest, ahare with their pareuts an extensive acquaintance in the most cultivated circles of American society, especially in the south, whose traditions they in herit. Wed Just Before Clevelands. Mr. and Mrs. Wilson were married on a June day in 1885, just a year before Grover Cleveland, bachelor president of the United States, married his ward, •TV** mm mm m m 9 by Pach Bros. MBS. WOODROW WILSON. Miss Frances Folsom, in the blue room of the White House. So that they have beeu married tweuty-seven years, hav ing celebrated their anniversary June 24. this year, the day before the Demo cratic national convention met at Balti more. They met when Mr. Wilson was practicing law in Atlanta, and the friendship ripeued after he went to Johns Hopkins and Mrs. Wilson, then Miss Ellen Louise Axson, daughter of a clergyman at Savannah, Ga., was P ursuing her art studies at the New ork Art league. Dr. Wilson was also the sou of a clergyman, both of their fathers being Presbyterians, to which faith they belong. Well Educated Young Women. Woodrow Wilsou was graduated from Princeton in 1879, three years before his meeting with Miss Axson. Part of the ground on which the university now stands had belonged originally to Nathaniel Fitzrandoiph, a great-great- uncle of Miss Axson. Four generations of this family were born and died at Princeton before Isaac Fitzrandoiph 2d, Miss Axson's great-grandfather, - moved to South Carolina, from where her father went to Savannah. Later descendants modified bis name to Ran dotpb. Theodore Frelinghnysen Ran dolph, who was elected governor of New Jersey in 1868, belonged to the same family. All three of the daughters of the Wil «onfamily are gifted and accomplished. The eldest. Miss Margaret Wilson, has « rich soprano voice, which has been cultivated by leading New York teach ers. Miss Wilson seriously devotes herself to her musical studies. Like her sis ters, her early education was received |t home, where »he remained ander her Family New President Caresr and Character of the Man Who Will Soon Be the Head of the Nation mother's direction till she was twelve years of age. Born in an atmosphere of books in homes surrounding a college campus, all the Wilson girls acquired an early familiarity with the classics and are probably among the liest educated young women of their years in this country. Miss Jessie Woodrow Wilson, the second daughter of Dr. and Mrs. Wil son, is named after her Scotch grand mother, Jessie «Woodrow, Dr. Wilson s mother. She is regarded as probably the most brilliant of these three inter esting Misters. She was graduated from the Woman's college, Baltimore, and on her graduation day Dr. Wilson was induced to deliver the baccalaure ate. Though she has marked artistic ability, Miss Jessie Wilson has thrown herself heart and soul into sociological work. Every week from Monday till Thursday she spends at the Light House, Philadelphia, devoting herself to settlement work. Her beauty is of the spirituelle type, with a sweet, seri ous, Madonna-like face. Hj?r desire to take up the work created some aston ishment in the conservative atmos phere at her home. Miss Eleanor Randolph Wilson, the youngest daughter of the family, is named for her mother's side of the house. Also from her mother come* her skill with the brush and pencil. In appearance, however, Miss Eleanor Wilson is more like her father than any other of his children. She is a student at the Academy of Fine Arts. Philadelphia. Mrs. Wilson has never abandoned her artistic pursuits and gives as much time to them as she does to reading. Mrs. Wilson's Complexion Girlish. Every summer for some years the Wbsons have been a part of the fa mous little art colony at Lynne, on the Connecticut river. It is a delightful retreat, and its members form one happy family. Originally they boarded in a great, old mansion. More recent ly different members have bought up old farms, remodeling the houses or building their own cottages or bunga lows, until now the majority own their homes. Mrs. Wilson has the.look of an out door woman. Her large dark eyes sparkle with animation, and her com plexion would do credit to a girl in her teens. She has soft, wavy brown hair. She is of medium height Mrs. Wilson is a sister of Professor Stock ton Axson. head of the department of English literature at Princeton univer sity, and of the wife of Dean Elliot White. Gardening is a hobby with Governor Wilson's wife, not ''making things grow," but the laying out of a garden —architectural gardening. While she was mistress of Prospect the official home of the presidents of Priifceton, the gardens acquired such a reputation for beauty as to attract visitors from far and near. Dr. Wilson is fond of being out of doors as mach as possible and thoroughly enjoyed the gardens surrounding his home at Princeton. He rides horseback occasionally with bis wife and daughters, who are good horsewomen. Dr. Wilson also la fond of golf, though, as be once oonf eased, he started in too late to ho modi of o m ■m: m SSB ■am. m m m '■y.--.---: m m x¥xx » m m XvX : sss :Ä m §ü « «Sä? .mm x¥x m ■:-xj ■: sSöSK: Il mg. m m m m m «mœm m ni Ms SSSS Éü - A ■m ' ~ ïfr- j 4 4 < .• 'S * ' : ______ m ' % mm SSSS v j. & * * 5 s Jà r. m rn r n'n'i - ....... y«* :>■ •. ™ - -s* \ ■> / 4 W'«Sç5j m @ by American Press Association. WOODROW WILSON, MBS. WILSON AND THEIR DAUGHTERS, ELEANOR, JESSIE AND MARGARET. golf player. Nevertheless he enjoys the game, and when time is too short for golf he likes to walk. Contemporary history does not record the name of "the original WoodroAV Wilson man." The present head of the Democratic party says so himself in a statement that, so far as be knows, the first person to mention his name as a presidential possibility was an uniden tified man in an unrecorded town of the great middle west. That was not quite three years ago. Woodrow Wilson, as president of Princeton university, had been battling for the cause of the student body against the accursed domination of money," as be came to call it, and hard ly was the moral victory he fought for won than events set themselves to call him to a greater task, for, Sept. 15, 1910. the Democratic state convention at Trenton, N. J., nominated him for the governorship. What He Did as Governor. His nomination for the presidency ai Baltimore and the events of the cam paign are of too recent occurrence to need repetition here. It is familiar his tory. But it is interesting to note that the new governor of New Jersey in 1911, with his party in control of only me chamber of the legislature and with a faction of his own party against him. put through a program of legisla tion that redeemed one of the most cor poration ridden states in the Union; that he vindicated the primary that had nominated for United States sen ator a man whom the old bosses didn't approve; that he made it clear that be had absolutely meant his campaign promise that he would take office with out obligation to any man, group or in terest, but only to the people of New Jersey; that he worked out a direct pri mary and election law which is now :he model for other progressive states, and that he obtained the establishment )f a public utilities commission with power to fix rates, appraise properties ind regulate the finance of railway, ex press, telegraph, telephone, light, heat ind power companies. He put into effect an employers' lia bility law, legalized the commission form of city government, with initia tive, referendum and recall. He did all this, and more, and did it all ln such a way that overwhelming public senti ment indorsed his every act, and inter ests which tried to resist him were won over to support measures of whose wisdom, even from their point of view, be convinced them. What manner of man is he? He was bore in 1856, during Christmas week, In the town of Staunton, Va., in the beautiful Shenandoah valley. Two years after Woodrow Wilson was lK>rn his father was called to the pastorate of the Presbyterian church >f Augusta, Ga.. one of the most influ ential congregations of the south. Woodrow was too young to have any listinct recollections of the great con lict of which Augusta saw little. Among his mates at school in An fusta were Joe Lamar and his brother Phil. Joe is now a justice of the su premo court of the United States. After a year spent at Davidson col lege, N. C., the future president first saw the state where his earliest po litical honors were to be .won one Sep tember morning in 1875. He found himself entering the freshmen class with 133 other young men. Wilson was a prime favorite at col lege. He was not overstudious in the regular course. At graduation he rank ed forty-first in a class of 122. The class of 1879 is a famous one, holding in its ranks many who have achieved eminence. Wilson had <abere another schoolmate who was to sit on the fed eral supreme court bench—Mahlon Pit ney. Wilson ranked as a leader among such fellows from the start. He was active in sports, though college sport in those days was nothing like what it * s t°d a . v * He was managing editor of the Princetonian. and by the time com mencement came around no was confi dently looked to as the chap who ought to rise highest among them all. At University of Virginia. After graduation at Princeton Wood row Wilson went to the University of Virginia, that great institution of lib eral learning organized by Thomas Jefferson. Here lie spent a year studying in the law department, where he was soon an acknowledged leader among his classmates. He joined the glee club: lie was active in sports; he organized a debating society; he walk ed off with the writer's prize and the orator's prize. The natural path into public life in the United States has generally been through the profession of law. Ac cordingly Wilson prepared to practice law. He selected Atlanta, Ga., as a prom ising city; went there although he knew not a soul in the place, found another young man in a case precisely like his own, formed a partnership for the purpose of purchasing a sign let tered Re nick & Wilson and sat down in a room on the second floor of 48 Marietta street to wait for clients who never came. So in the autumn of 1883 a new student matriculated at Johns Hop kins university and entered on work in history and political economy under the direction of the late Herbert B. Adams and Dr. Richard T. Ely. He undertook a thoroughgoing study into the problems of government. Early in 1885 Wilson completed that job. He bad made a book, and now it was published. 'Congressional Govern ment—A Study of Government by Committee." It was the first account ever given of the way Americans ac tually do govern themselves. The book met with instant success. It was immediately recognized as a final, standard piece of work. Today, twenty-seven years later, it remains unsuperseded. For three years Wilson taught his tory and political economy at Bryn Mawr. The next two years he then spent as professor of the same sub jects at Wesleyan university—a non sectarian college, in spite of its name— at Middletown. Conn. During these years, too, he acted as a lecturer on the Johns Hopkins faculty. His fame as a speaker spread, and be came tc be in constant demand for addresses on public questions. While at Middletown Professor Wil son published a second book, "The State," displaying a simply prodigious knowledge of the history and principles of governments from the earliest times down to the latest. In 1800. the chair of jurisprudence and politics at Princeton falling va cant, the trustees very naturally elect 1 M as :-<xS v'y m X;X;.v; m 9 by Pach Bros. WOODROW WILSON AND HIS GRANDNIECE. ed to it their own old graduate who hud so quickly made himself a reputa tion as a student of politics. His Return to Princeton. September. 1890, then, found Wood row Wilson again domiciled in the Jer sey collegiate town which fifteen years before he had tiret gazed around upon with the eyes of a raw student from the south. In 1902, twelve years later, Woodrow Wilson was elected president of Prince ton university. This university is re markable for the degree to which clubs flourish among it» two upper classes. There is a whole street of them, some of the houses being palatial, yet, all told, they have room for only about 350 members, less than a quarter of the whole university, less than half of the upper classmen. Membership is from the day of sought after eagerly entrance. President Wilson made up his mind that the system was undemocratic and destructive of everything that an American university ought to stand for and inculcate. Yet he did not attack the clubs. lie came in 1907 with a proposal to substitute a better system for them. His idea was the division of the whole university into "quad rangles." each "quadrangle," oi "quad." to be composed of a certain number of students from each class, with a preceptor or two living with them. Between Woodrow Wilson and his enemies there lay at this point an im passable gulf. There was another. Wilson was op posed, with all the energy of his na ture, to the idea of a group of sumptu ous buildings where a selected group of young gentlemen of peculiar refine ment were to live, in cloistered seclu sion, tlie life of culture. Wilsou had his own plan for graduate school, but it was a plan f. »• a corps of com petent instructors, laboratories, libra ries and the practical essentials of study, right in the heart of the uni versity's life, rather than the em broidery of flue buildings aud seclu sion. "A university does not consist of buildings." he said. ''A university consists of teachers and students." The other idea violated Wilson's idea of democracy, set about to create a scholarly aristocracy. Those who were not in a position to know what went on at Princeton and among her graduates throughout the land in the years 1909 and 1910 can not possibly have any notion of the intensity of the passions that were -ablaze, of the bitterness of the bat tle that was fought. The moral victory was won. and the opponents of Mr. Wilson were silenced. It was this fight, which brought him before the eyes of the people all over the world where Princeton has gradu ates, that led him to the governorship of New Jersey and from thence to the presidency of the United States. It is said that a kiss from Mrs. Wil son was the first notification Governor Wilson had of his election to the high est office in the land. Many stories are told to illustrate the next president's firmness and Lis determination to have no boss but the people. His whole career as governor of New Jersey revealed these qualities, which were still further exemplified during *his candidacy for the presi dency. Impressed by His Backbone. One day during the summer at Sea Girt a well known New York supreme court justice had a conference with Governor Wilson. When the jurist re appeared one of the newspaper men asked him what he thought of the gov ernor. "Why," he said, "he is the most in dependent candidate I have ever met, und I have met a good many of them." It was not long afterward that some friends of Mr. Wilson got into a little row among themselves concerning a matter which interested Governor Wil son intensely. In fact, it had to do with his candidacy for the presidency and, to a great extent, concerned Mr. Wilson's future. One of these friends endeavored to pin the governor down to a certain agreement and was so persistent in his attempt to tie up Mr. Wilson that the latter ended the dis cussion with this crisp remark: "Gentlemen, I am a freeborn Amer ican citizen, and I am going to do just as I please." Many persons think that when Wood row Wilson gets into the White House they are going to find a stem and aus tere teacher as president of this big country of ours. On the contrary, those whose paths lead them to him will find usually a genial and charm ing companion, with a fund of good stories and always ready to grasp the hand of any person, whether he be la borer or lawyer or banker.