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Published at Glendive. Dawson County. Montana by E. A. MARTIN. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, |2.00 PER YEAR Entered aa second-class matter March 3, 1906, at the postoffice at Glendive. Mont., under the Act of Coiiffreea of March 3. 1878. THURSDAY. JAN. 30, 1913. New Bill Should Be Introduced Two bills have been introduced so far in the senate of the state of Mon tana by J. M. Boardman, senator from Dawson county, (?) Montana. The first bill provides in effect for the erection within the city of Helena of a mansion for the governor of the state of Montana. That is very good; nothing like boosting a man's home town. The second one provides for the county of Richland, with boundaries running from the Missouri river on the north to the Musselshell river on the west, the Yellowstone river on the east and taking in the territory to about five miles above Savage. No persons conversant with the facts will seriously oppose the creation of a new county out of part of the proposed ter ritory within the Lower Yellowstone Valley. But, if the county should be created as per the proposed bounda ries, as indicated in the senator's bill, it has been suggested that the follow ing would then be in order, for the reason that the inhabitants in the wes tern part of the proposed new county would then be obliged to travel to For syth, take the Northern Pacific to Glendive, and then change to the Mis souri Valley Railroad to get to the county seat, to-wit : Sidney, making a distance of somewhere around Five Hundred (500) miles. In a direct route across the country it would only be from two hundred twenty-five to two hundred fifty miles, and the use of the aeroplanes would facilitate the busi ness matters had by the people in the western end of the county with the people in the county seat. And it really appears, that the following bill ought to be made a special order of business by the legislature immediate ly upon the passage of Boardman 's proposed measure. That measui e will be vastly in the interests (?) of all of the people within Dawson coun ty. SENATE BILL NO.-- Introduced by Committee on Preven tion of Cruelty to Animals A bill for an act providing relief to persons residing in the northwestern part of the proposed new county of Richland, as the same is now proposed to be created. Be it enacted, by the Legislative Assembly of the state of Montana : Section I That the board of county commis sioners of Dawson county, Montana, be and they are hereby authorized and directed to forthwith procure five (5) aeroplanes of the Wright biplane type, at a cost not to exceed Five Thousand ($5,000.00) Dollars each. Section II That such aeroplanes, when so pro cured, shall be forthwith sent by the said board of county commissioners of Dawson county to the Musselshell river in the northwestern part of the proposed new county of Richland, to the end that all residents of the pro posed new county may be enabled, when subpoenaed as witnesses to at tend district court, or summoned for jury duty, to travel to and from their places of residence to the county seat of the proposed new county within any given year. Section III That the board of county commis sioners of said cbunty be, and they are hereby authorized to employ not to ex ceed five (5) expert aeronauts, for the purpose of driving the aforesaid aero planes, which aeronauts shall be paid not to exceed Two Thousand ($2,000. 00) Dollars each per annum. Section IV There is hereby appropriated out of any moneys now in the treasury of the state of Montana, the sum of Thirty five Thousand ($35,000.00) Dollars for the purpose of defraying the expense incident hereto. Section V All Acts and parts of Acta in con flict herewith are hereby repealed. Section VI This Act shall be in full force and effect from and after the creation of the new county of Richland ; provided that the said new county shall be cre ated with the proposed boundary lines. Less Waste And More Prosperity a it 's e of Summary of address delivered by H. Worst, President of the Tri-State Grain Growers Convention, before said Convention, held Jan. 14-17,1913. North Dakota, South Dakota and Minnesota need more farmers. With a farmer on every quarter-section or half-section practicing rotation of crops, crop failure will be eliminated. Barnyard manure can be used to re duce the effects of drouth. When soil has been manured it holds more mois ture and when the soil is rich in humas and plant food the crop can get along with less moisture. The prosperity of the town depends upon the prosperity of the country. Commercial bodies should then pay more attention to increasing country population and less to bringing increas ed numbers to town. Doubling the pop ulation in the country and increasing the efficiency of the farmers will bring about a healthy and permanent growth of the town. Good farming is the best insurance against crop failure. Farming is a business. It requires a better business head,—a man of broader vision—to farm scientifically than to practice any other profession. Agriculture is not self sustaining. Europe, in buying our grain, gets fertility. It also draws on Chili for potassium nitrate and the South Sea Islands for guano. North Dakota in selling wheat and flax contributes more than any other state to the stream of fertility passing across the boundary. By feeding the crop to live stock most of the fertility is put back into the soil. Agriculture in the newer sections is carried on at the expense of the soil. A twenty-bushel crop of wheat removes from the soil in the straw and grain $9.30 worth of plant food per acre, 46$ cents per bushel. - In selling wheat and burning straw this is actually re moved. This year's crop of wheat 150, 000,000 bushels—has removed from the soil $70,000,000 worth of plant food. In other words, the state of North Dakota is worth less as a crop factory by seventy million dollars than before the past season's crop of wheat was giown. Add to this all other grain sent out of the state and the sum will be much increased. It has also been found (Department of Agriculture) that the cost of produc ing a bushel of wheat is 58 cents. Adding this to 46* cents the commer cial value of the plant food removed in a bushel of wheat and its straw, the total cost is $1.04$. To make a profit the farmer must receive more than this per bushel. The keeping of live stock is a ne cessity. Fertility will be turned back to the land. The labor needed is bet ter distributed and the live stock busi ness is less subject to adverse climatic condition than grain raising. The silo will increase the number of cattle that can be kept on a given area of land. The silo is in one sense a con centrated meadow. If five good cows are kept and the money received from the butterfat put into *he bank, at the end of fifty years this will amount to one hundred thous and dollars, an amount that is possible for a man of twenty-one to accumu late by the time he is seventy. Fifty good hens, well fed and cared for, and all the egg money placed at interest will at the end of fifty years be a sum sufficient so that the interest on it will yield a living for a family. Circes Mae Has Land Suit Over Montana Land John Ringling, of Ringling Bros., the circus men, passed through Mil s City eastward yesterday from his home at White Sulphur Springs. Mr. Ringling appeared on Saturday in an equity suit at Helena in which the big tract of land acquired by the Ring ling Bros, in Meagher county was in volved. The suit related to the sale of the Catlin ranch embracing 19,450 acres at $8.25 an acre, and the Heit man and Mayn ranch, embracing 37, 000 acres at $8.25 an acre, both in Meagher county. Ringling is the plaintiff in the action and the Smith Rhp«r Development company, is^the de fendant The action is based on a promissory note for $16,000, which Ringling al leges the defendant executed to him, Oct. 28, 1910, and upon which he took two contracts of agreement on the above mentioned land as collateral security. Upon the note for $16, 000, there is a balance of $11,248.40, which the plaintiff alleges is still un paid, and he asks judgement for this, also for a foreclosure sale on the con tracts of agreement which he holds, and that he be permitted to be bidder and purchaser at such a sale. The total amount of money involved was $201,874.77, and this Ringling al leged he advanced to make payments on the purchase price of the Heitmann and Catlin ranches. General findings in favor of the plaintiff were ordered by Judge J. Miller Smith.—Miles City Journal. New Help For The Housekeeper Hats off to the newest thing m the science of good house keeping! The Chicago Record-Her ald has had the happy idea of organ izing the experts in household sci ence from all parts of the United States—and getting them to com bine their knowledge in a new de partment which appears each Sun day under the name of "The Peo ple's Institute of Domestic Econ omy.'' Every woman who "keeps house,'' whether she does her own cooking or directs a corps of ser vants, will welcome this helpful page in The Sunday Record-Herald as a triumph of practical journalism. The editors and writers of "The People's Institute of Domestic econ omy'' include nearly half a hundred such authorities as Mrs. Alice Pel oubet Norton, assistant professor of household administration, Univer sity of Chicago; Miss Isabel Bev ier, department of household science, University of Illinois; Miss Anna Barrows, Columbia Uuiversity New York; Miss Winifred Harper Cooley, National Federation of Wo men's Clubs; Miss Winifred Stuart Gibbs, dietetic specialist, New York; Miss Grace M. Viall, department of home economics, Iowa State College and so on. The list also includes some men. The range of subjects treated covers everything in the modern art of successful house wifery, from time-honored methods of economy to such new discoveries as cooking in paper bags. A different expert writes the lead ing article each week and a different person is in charge of the recipe and menu department each month, thus insuring a wide range of do mestic and foreign dishes. Every reader of The Sunday Record-Her ald also is invited to join the good work by sending in suggestions and questions. "The Housekeeper's Council Table," in which women from all over the country exchange ideas and help each other is a part of this page of good things each Sunday. In short it is the "get to gether" idea applied to household science. The . Chicago Record-Herald has our congratulations on its new do mestic economy department. It can not fail to be a boon to housewives and a substantial aid to the health and happiness of American homes. to S. a Dawson County High School January 23, 24 and 25 the basketball team was on a trip to Miles City and Forsyth. The boys succeeded in win ning two of their games. The first game, D. C. H. S. vs. Miles City high school the score was 27 to 20 in our favor. Galvin made two field goals and three free throws out of thirteen. Pennington is reported to have played a good game. In the sec ond game, Dawson vs. the Forsyth high school, the score was 44 to 19 in our favor. This shows that the boys are able to take care of themselves on a strange floor. The third game, which was with the Miles City Y. M. C. A n the boys were defeated, but put up a very good showing, the score being 21 to 17. This makes the third game they have lost this year. Hav ing won four games out of seven, it gives them a percentage of .571. At the same time last year the team had a percentage of .857. Although there is quite a difference in the percentage there are plenty of games left to make up the difference. Tuesday, February 11, the Miles City debating team will be in Glen dive to debate the D. C. H. S. débat , « _. . . »pg team. This is the first time the; •• high school has ever attempted any thing of this sort, and we should like to have everyone attend and help us along. The Miles City high school has had a debating team for a number of years, but we believe we can put up a pretty good fight. As in preceding years the Montana State College at Bozeman will hold the annual basketball tournament this year. The tournament begins March 6 and lasts till March 9, The D. C. H. S. being an accredited high school has received an invitation to attend. Whether the team attends or not de pends on their season's record. If they have not <* on a sufficient number of games they will not be allowed to go. Examinations for the monih of Jan uary will be given Friday, Jan. 31. Rae Maxwell, who has recently passed the eighth grade work at Bil lings, has entered the commercial course. • Trigonometry class at work on ad vanced algebra. A new chart for the use of the type writing class has been received from the Remington company and placed in the typewriting room. Friday, Jan. 31, we get another chance at the Dickinson basketball team. Everybody turn out to witness a fast game and help the boys win. Oliver Phillips. Rates Vary Too Much Don't forget that the Monitor Of fice always has a full supply of jus. tice court blanks. 'Phone 120. Helena, Jan. 28.—It was brought out at the legislative freight rate hearing last night that rates from Montana points to Minneapolis and Duluth are about 75 per cent higher than rates from points in Canada of the same mileage. J. M. Hannaford, vice president of the Northern Pacific Railway company, was on the stand. He explained the disparity in Montana and Canadian rates on the grounds that the Canadian lines are subsidized by the government. In re buttal it then was shown that the Northern Pacific received a land grant worth many millions of dol lars, and it was also brought out that rates on the Northern Pacific about 10 per cent higher than rates on the same commodities over the Great Northern railroad. Interstate rates were incidentally considered. As an illustration it was cited that the rate on grain from Fargo, N. D., to Minneapolis, a distance of 251 miles is 11 cents. For 11 cents in Montana the North ern Pacific will haul grain only from 60 to 75 miles. Mr. Hannaford did not attempt to deny that discrepancies were found in rates within Montana and from Montana points to eastern ter minals, but in explanation he said many of these rates were "paper rates" made years ago when Mon tana shipped no commodities for which the rates were made. The joint investigating committee will meet again in two or three days to further probe the matter. •• A Ish ly of SMALLEST BEAST OF PREY. It Is a True Weasel, but Is Only About Six Inches Lcng. The smallest carnivorous animal in the world is an American weasel which is numerous in northwest Canada aud Alaska and is occasionally seen about the great lakes. It is a true weasel, but only six inches long, with a tail only one inch in length. AH its upper surface is in summer pure umber brown, but the throat, abdomen and inside of the legs are pure white, and. unlike any other weasel, It has no black at the end of the tail; hence, although the animal turns .white in the north in winter, it does not show the black tipped tall which characterizes an er mine pelt, and so it is not sought by trappers and fur traders. This fact, with its small size and se cretive life, has made its habits very little known, but they seem to be much like those of other weasels. It feeds on insects, which it finds alive in sum mer and in winter digs out of rotten logs; upon small birds, etc., but lives mainly on mice. These it can follow into their narrowest holes and run ways, for it Is scarcely larger than a field mouse itself, or, striking the trail of one, it will trace all its wanderings and as soon as it catches sight of its prey will spring after it with amazing and fatal rapidity. It is frequently caught by naturalists in their mouse traps. An old Indian told W. H. Osgood of the biological survey, who thus captured one in south ern Alaska, that it was a promise of rare good fortune. His brother, he re lated, had taken one when a boy and had in consequence become a big chief A good name for this least of the car nivores would be "mouse hunter." it is known to science as Putorius rixo sus. —Harper's. ADMIRED HIS BRAVERY. Nervy British Boy and Hi* Recep tion by the Enemy. Mere boys bave ofteu shown .? greatest heroism in the face o P • both on and off the battlefield. How many know the story of th f * ltt if ^el bugler who accompanied Colon Rennie s column in the disastrous ad vance against General Jacksons trenchments at New Orleans a lied years ago? A withering fire of cannon an ketry greeted the British they charged the American re & ouht fire that for deadly accuracy has iare been equaled. The young bugler at once ciimbed Into a small tree and straddled a • From this conspicuous position be - tinned to sound the vibrant call o charge. Cannon balls and bullets killed scores of men beneath him and e tore away branches of the which he sat. But above the thunder the artillery, the rattling of mus ketry and all the din of strife the shrill music, blown with all the power of the little fellow's lungs, rose unceasing. Colonel Rennie and most of the regi mental officers fell, mortally wounded; the shattered ranks began to fall bac . But the bugler still blew the charge with undiminished vigor. At last, when the British had en tirely abandoned the field, one of the American soldiers ran out from e lines, took the youngster prisoner and brought him into camp. Great was the boy's astonishment when, instead of treating him roughly, according to his expectations, the warm hearted south ern soldiers, who had observed his gal lantry with admiration, actually em braced him. Officers and men vied with each other in acts of kindness to ward this brave young Briton.—Youth's Companion. ELEPHANT S AS WORKERS. Without Them Burma'* Teakwood Trade Would Languish. Since 188G the export of teakwood from Burma has increased enormous ly; but, despite the phenomenally high price of the wood, it would not be profitable to work it, even in these days, without the elephant. In this trade the Burmese elephants, massive animals whose strength is almost un limited, are seen at their best as beasts of burden. From the time when the forest areas are purchased, before the trees are felled, to the hour of export on the ocean going vessels at the port on the Indian ocean the elephant is the main worker. Far away in the malarial swamps and almost impenetrable jun gles this majestic beast first tramps down a passage through the under growth. Then, guided by his Indian keeper's prong, the elephant com mences his arduous labor of dragging the felled trees to the river, whence they are conveyed by raft down coun try to the sawmills. These enormous trees, untrimmed and cumbrous, are sometimes dragged up and down the juugle and mountain forest pathways en route to the river with rare precision. At the mills again the work of packing and stack ing is done exclusively by elephants. When the trees are sawed into lengths the elephants do the piling, bringing the huge planks from the sheds and arranging them in an orderly manner in numbered piles.—Argonaut. . In* . tbe It he Hard on the Lawyer. Sir William Jones was receiving a visit from Mr. Day, a man of some note at that time. During a conversa tion Sir William moved a book from its place, and a large spider dropped to the ground. "Kill that spider, Day! Kill that spider!" cried tne great scholar. "No," said Mr. Day, "I will not kill that spider, Jones. I don't know that I have a right to kill that spider. Sup pose now that you were going down to Westminster hall In your carriage and some superior being, who might have as much power over you as you have over this spider, should call out: 'Kill that lawyer! Kill that lawyer!* How should you like that, Jones? And I am sure that to most people a lawyer is a more noxious creature than a spider." Why Is |tr That a legless man can "put his foot in it?" That persons who are "consumed by curiosity" still survive? That frequently a sinking fund is used to meet a floating debt? That straining the voice is not the proper way to make it clearer? That we speak of a stream running dry when the only way it can run Is wet? That wives should expect their hus bands to foot the bills without kicking? That, we talk of some one "going straight to the devil" when he has to be crooked to go there?—Boston Tran script Two Things Distinguish M*n. The essential things which distin guish one person from another, which give one man a higher place and an other a lower, are just two. First of all, perseverance—the ability to keep everlastingly at it and second, imagination or vision—the ability to see beyond the present and to under stand that the work at hand reaches beyond the present moment and so Is worth while.—St Nicholas. Naturally. Youth—Can you tell me which Is Mr. Ponsonby. Lady—The man with the gray hair talking to those ladies over ' am Mr Pon »onby's wife. Youth-1 know you are. That's whv I asked you, as I thought you'd be sure to know.—London Punch, • - . e of be un are the the and HIS ULTIMATUM. „ „ ht the Erie Director* to Terme, ,tBrOU9h . n d Underwood Won. T-nderwood was made presi "" ,h, Erie road," Mid a Wall •certain things were prom . ^ the Erie road," said a Wall . .r man "certain thing* were prom f"d Boadbed and rolling atock were In* rôt ten condition, bnt he waaaasured ^"bettermen't'a. After ünderwood bad the money would be forthcoming . r betterments. After Underwood had •akeo the big desk the bankers atti tude was changed. Money was tight tbe Erie was a very swamp for swub lowlng dollars—and they suggested hit Mr. Underwood sit tight aud re frain'from peevish movement ln ehe ""oe It went on for a time until con dîüons began to Improve. Then Mr. Underwood renewed his demands. " 'impossible.' said the bankers. "The following day there was a meet ing of the directors. Underwood called It to order and then laid two folded nara-rs on the table. "•'This road needs $10.000.000 for lm nrovements or a new president.' said he 'Here Is a resolution empowering me to borrow that amount of money. There is my resignation, i will iea\e the room for five minutes so that you may act.' "In two minutes the door opened and an elderly banker thrust his head out. 'Come on in. Underwood,' he said. «^yg'Ye adopted your resolution and burned your resignation. You win.' New York Sun. SHUN LOOSE SHOES. They Give the Feet as Much Trouble as the Pinching Kind. Seven persons out of ten suffer ex cruciating pain at one time or another with their feet. A single corn no lar ger than a grain of sand can take alt the snap and vitality right out of you. Two-thirds of modern foot troubles are due to the fact that almost every one-man, woman and child—wears shoes too loose. The shoe itself may be correct as to size and shape, but it is not fastened tight at the only point of control—namely, the instep. When you set your foot upon the floor or pavement in the act of walk ing the shoe adheres, and if it be loose ly fastened over the instep the foot pushes down into the toe of the shoe. At certain spots on the foot this slip ping causes friction. These spots are the soles of the feet, the tops, ends aud inner sides of the toes, the great aud little toe joints and occasionally even the back of the heel. When the friction thus caused is con tinued hour after hour and day after day one or more of these spots are al most sure to become inflamed and sore. A slight thickening, called a "callous," is formed. As the friction and pres sure go on the resulting callous may thicken up unevenly. Then it Is called a corn.—Woman's Home Companion. a its to that kill that you out: And a foot by is the Is hus to an to Is Mr. the over I sure Be wars of the Dogl In Jersey they have an interesting device for keeping off tramps and bur glars. A watchdog, too ferocious and too valuable to be allowed to run loose, is tied to a rope about four feet long, and this rope is tied to a ring that runs loosely over a long wire about four feet from the ground. The wire stretches from the back porch to a pole at the end of the yard, and as the ring slips easily over it the dog has the full run of the yard without being able to bite visitors or innocent passersby. The wire is practically invisible by night, and many a prowler bas gone on bis way a sadder but a wiser man after assuming from the looks of things in the front of the house that there wasn't any dog.—New York Mall. Had No Fault to Find. "Look here," he said to the groom, "are you the man who put the saddle on Miss Jennie's horse?" "Yes, sir. Anything wrong, sir?" "It was loose, very loose. She had no sooner mounted than the saddle slip ped, and if I hadn't caught her she would have been thrown to the ground." "I'm very sorry, sir." "But I did catch her," went on the young man meditatively. "I caught her in my arms, and—here's half a crown for you, John. Do you suppose you could leave the girth loose when we go riding again tomorrow?"—Lon don Telegraph. Both Mam bora. Belle aud Ben had just announced their engagement "When we are married," said Belle, "1 shall expect you to shave every morning. It's one of the rules of the club I belong to that none of its mem bers shall marry a man who won't shave every morning." "Oh, that's all right," replied Ben, "but what about the mornings I dou't get home In time? I belong to a club too."—Lippincott's. Cooking Him Out. "1 understand your wife is doing her own cooking." "Yon are mistaken." "But Jinx told me she was." "Oh, that was just for a little while. Jinx was making us a visit, anil she thought he bad stayed long enough Houston Post On# After the Other. She—When we are married, dear, I mnst have three servants. He— L'er* tainly, darling. But try to keep each as long as possible.—St Louis Post-Dis patch. To Make a Showing. "Pa, what is a dead game sport?" "One who buys his game of tba butcher after his hunting trips, my ton."—Boston Transcript fft If* always be ginning to live, hilt WWW Bring,—Manillas.