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CORN STOVER FOR
STEER FEEDING On many of our farms there is an unnecessary amount of labor expended in husking the corn and then feeding the corn and stover separately to the live stock, writes an Ohio farmer in National Stockman. Much of this use less labor might he saved. Professor Mumford of the Illinois station, when feeding steers clover hay, found shock corn supplemented with ear corn and oilineal superior to shelled corn and oil men I. The result, substantiated by common experience, shows that corn need not be husked for the beat results in steer feeding, and in somewhat less measure < ' ' ÜÜÉÉ mm M>y. mi As producers of high grade beef the Aberdeen Angus breed takes second place to no other. Indeed, judging by the honors won at the international live stock shows in re cent years, the Angus is to the fore. However, the Hereford», Short horns and Galloways are splendid b«.*ef makers, and the admirers of eacli particular breed and enumer ate points in which their choice excels. Since their introduction into this country the daddies have made a great record both in the show ring and on the butcher's block. The Angus steer showm is a fine specimen of tills popular breed. Ibis is true with the dairy cow and with the sheep. Whoever has watched the cattle eagerly searching a bundle of stover for a possible ear or nubbin which the would be thrifty farmer has overlooked must be impressed with the folly of busking the corn for steer feediug. It is true that when fed in this way some corn passes through the , cattle undigested, but if the hogs are permitted to follow the cattle there will be no loss. Suppose, for example, you are feed ing two-year-old steers. The feeding may begin just as soon as the corn is ripe enough to go into the shock—in other words, after the ears harden, the husks turn brown and while some leaves still remain green. Do not feed immature corn, as it will be laxative and cause the cattle to shrink. On the average about Sept. 15 is a good time to begin to feed, and in five or six months two-year-old steers will be ready for market. By feeding in the fall the weather is most favorable, and when it gets too bad to leave the cattle exposed they may be confined in yards .or pens and the feeding continued. It is now conceded that stall feeding Is the least profitable for the ordinary feeder and that «rinding the corn does not pay, especially when hogs are per mitted to follow the cattle. One bog to each steer is about the right number to consume all the waste corn. At first each steer should have about three pounds of corn and the amount be gradually increased until he is get ting all he will eat The waste of sto ver may be avoided by feeding some extra husked or snapped corn. Three pounds of bran and one or two pounds of oilmeal or cottonseed meal will in crease the gains materially and thus will bring the cattle to an earlier fin ish. In summing up we find that (1) this furnishes a good and effective combina tion of grain and roughage and lower in price than either fed separately. (2) It can be hauled from the shock and scattered on the ground to be plowed at low price for labor. (3) The manure is scattered in the field without addi tional expense. (4) The feeding is done when the weather is the most favor able. Economy of Sheep. Sheep do not require an expensive building. The essentials of such a building are freedom from dampness and drafts and a protection from storms in the roughest weather. No other fnrm animal can ever compete with the sheep. A flock of sheep de mands comparatively little labor. They grind their own grain, another factor aiding the economy of labor as well as that of maintenance. They are the best grain grinders we have. The weed seeds consumed by sheep are never known to grow afterward. This is not true of other farm animals. Sheep and Fertility. The sheep is just as efficient a ma nure spreader as he is a manure maker. On hillsides where coarser animal waste would hardly stick long enough to do the ground any good sheep drop pings take the place of a specially pre pared fertilizer. Look to tho Lam« Ewe. Catch the lame ewe and see If aha Isn't in the first stages of foot rot Looks like It from here, though it may be that her hoof only nasds trimming. • DAIRY WISDOM. I Give cows six to eight weeks' rest between lactation |>eriods. Discard the cow which has fail ed at the end of the year to pay market price for all the feed she has consumed. All cows that are hearty eaters are not profitable producers, but all profitable producers ars usu ally hearty eaters. The best of cows will not pro duce milk unless fed liberally on the right kind of feed. If the udder of the fresh cow is in good condition and shows no trace of garget the calf should be removed after it has nursed once or twice. Cows giving over a gallon of milk a day should be fed grain. A good grain mixture is corn chop mixed with bran or cotton seed meal. A pound of this mixture should be giveu each day for every three pounds of milk produced. of in is LAXATIVES FOR HORSES. Care Must Be Exercised In Feeding Bran—Carrots Beneficial. While the horse is working hard suc culent food Is a positive injury in that ■t tends to remove undigested, as a re sult of laxity of the bowels, food nutri ents that are daily required for forma tion of muscle supply or vim aud vigor—in other words, repair of tis sue waste, writes Dr. A. S. Alender the Rural New Yorker. Where, on the other hand, the horse is idle the suc culent food may be and usually is re quired to overcome the tendency to constipation aud its accompanying train of evils. In the former case the feeding of much bran daily might be detrimental, and in the latter case it would be use ful and profitable. The hardworking horse keeps its bowels in condition by exercise aud utilizes all of the food nutrients supplied him so long as his digestive organs are kept in good con dition. If he be fed a bran masb daily he may continually suffer from what may be called subacute iudigestion and fail to derive the proper amount of nourishment from the sound oats given him in addition to the bran. When Sunday arrives, however, his wonted exercise is stopped and he is unable to throw off the surplus food nutrients not needed by work. If he has been daily fefT*dry bran he will now be liable to suffer from acute Indigestion if given a bran mash. This being the case, the feeding of a bran mash to a horse that has been taking dry bran throughout the week is a dangerous practice. Where the hard ✓ m&mm The Percheron breed of draft horse is the most popular as well as the most numerous in this coun try. At the same time the supply of pure bied draft horses in this country is all too small. According to Wayne Dinsmore, secretary of the Percheron Society of America, there is but one pure bred draft an imal to every 167 horBes found on the farms of this country and only one good draft sire for every 724 horses. The imported Perchero* stallion Imprecation, shown here, was grand champion of his breed at the International Live Stock shows of 1911 and 1912. He is owned by I. Crouch & Son, Lafayette, Ind. working horse not fed upon bran, but getting large quantities of oats during the week, is given a bran mash on Sat urday night the effect will be good, and the practice is to be commended. Oc casional bran mashes are also excellent for Idle horses when fed upon corn, and a small quantity of bran will make the crushed oats fed to colts more ef fective. We say these things for the reason that bran causes opening of the bowels by irritating the bowels. It does not give a great amount of nutri ments, although its analysis would lead one to suppose that it was even more nutritious than oats. It Is indigestible and passes through the intestines in many cases wholly undigested. It acts as a laxative for the reason that It is a foreign body and is thrown off as use less by the Irritated intestines. Car rots act in a somewhat different mam ner. They do not prove laxative on ac count of any Irritating effect, but on account of real succulence, and have the special power of acting nicely upon the pores of the skin. They may be fed to a horse in poor condition when bran would only aggravate the impoverishment Roots are relished by horses and are digestible. Dairy Filth a Crima. A dirty, filthy cow stable is Inex cusable. It is a bad habit tbat must be abolished. Every farmer should take pride enough in bis business aud in bis own self respect to abandon the habit of housing the cows in a dirty stable. His regard for his family and the good name of his children should induce him to reform in this line. But the real menace is the danger of the product from such a stable It is a crime for any man to defile a food product, what ever the law mmj aaj.— Rann Prase I More Statements Of Corporations Additional to the annual state ment of corporations published in Journal Saturday, there have been filed those of the Fallon Drygoods company, capital and st *ck $5,000, issued, $4,722.71. President, David Rivenes, Glendive; secretary. Casper Graff, Fallon; and of the Farmers Mutual Fire and Ligl n ig Insur ance company of Beach. N. D.. which ha? a membership of 80, with $141,387 insurance in force, and of which J. J. Jordan of Beach is pres ident and Chas. I. Cook of Beach is secretary.—Miles City Journal. Something special? The Weekly Inter Ocean ând Farmer and this paper, 2.00 for one year. Ask us whatit means. Mr. Stimson And The Canteen re tis in the re to of by of a The question of the army canteen is once more brought to the front by Secretary Stimson's report on the manners and morals of the soldier. Probably Mr. Stimson might just as well hold his tongue for all the effect that his utterances will have upon the little group of noisy agitators whose persistence first secured abo lition of the canteen and whose un yielding prejudices have prevented its rastoration, But Mr. Stimson as Secretary of War, is bound to present the facts, and it is well that he should do so for the benefit of those who wish to know the real causes of army vice and to lay the Carrie at the right doors. And the ^larne very ohiviously lies at the doors of thosd who sup posed that the soldier could be dis couraged from drinking by the sim ple expedient of sending him from the barracks, where he could be su pervised and restrained, to infamous dives outside the barracks, where he could be neither supervised nor re strained. That a few pious women >y mere force of clamor should be able to regulate the barrack life of soldiers and to enforce their own will against experience and prudence is one of the marvels of our civiliza tion. If it were less serious it would be laughable. But it is not laugh able that a small number of "re formers" should stand so obstinate ly as a barrier between the soldier and his protection from the most de grading bodily ills. Mr. Stimson tells us that he has personally visited forty-nine of the army posts. In every instance he found, a nest of vile filthy dives just beyond the reservation gates, laid and baited as traps for the damna tion of the soldier. He found, upon inquiry, that certain unmentionable diseases were claiming more victims in the American army than all other important diseases combined, more victims than in any other army in civilization. And Mr. Stimson has no doubt as to the cause for this cruel and abominable state of things. He tells us that it is due to the abolition of the canteen and to the fact that a inaiden-aunt legis lation has driven the soldier into these dens of iniquity where alcohol is the very least of the evils that await him. In the old days the sol dier drank beer in the army canteen, and presumably it was good beer. He had neither the temptation nor the opportunity to drink to ex cess, and still less to debauch him self. Left to himself and treated as a human being, his natural ten dencies would lead him to do neith er one nor the other. And it may be said incidentally that the soldier has as good a right to drink a glass of beer as to eat his dinner, and as good a right as a woman has to drink her cup of tea To say he shall not drink a glass ef beer in the barracks has no other effect than to send him straight to the dives thus invited to collect around the reservation gates and that are no less than miniature hells in the variety of moral and physical damnation they dispense. Mr. Stimson has said no more than his predecessors, and probably just as fruitlessly. It is one of the dis heartening mysteries of our civiliza tion that a small organization of clamorous prejudices and ignorances can outweigh in influence the care ful voice of prudent experience, and that it is able to coerce a govern mental authority that remains un moved alike by demonstrated fact and by the warnings of intelligence. But it is just as well to place upon record that the debauchery of the soldier is due far less to himself than to social pieties that are men tally unable either to see things as they are or to interpret them in the light of reason. -San Francisco Arg onaut. of &&& iftÿî mm The Flour City-Four Cylinder-Tractor Is universally recognized as the embodiment of strength, simplicity and efficiency. Especially designed for generaFfarm work. Powerful enough to handle the load. Simple in construction and strong enough to stand the strain. Built in three sizes, 20, 30 and 40 horsepower. BURNS KEROSENE as well as gasoline. The piincipal pointstaken into consideration in the development of these tractors are horsepower, weight, strength, simplicity and durability. All three sizes are equipped with a four cylinder motor and high drive wheels, a construction that differentiates the "FLOUR CITY" from most types now on the market. The four cylinders admit of a lighter construction; they obviate the necessity of the heavy fly-wheels used on single and double cylinder types of tractors. The large diameter drive wheels insure greater traction than where wheels of smaller diameter are used; they have greater surface contact on the ground and will more readily pass over soft or uneven places. Thus it is possible to eliminate excessive weight, thereby increas ing the draw bar horse-power. The advantage gained is two-fold—it will not pack the ground so hard when in the field work, and saves fuel otherwise expended in propelling excessive weight, consequently it is more economical. These advantages were manifested by its Gold medal record in the 1911 Winnipeg Contest, in which it won two Gold Medals out of a possible three, and a bronze medal in the third; as well as being awarded the Gold Medal in the previous contests of 1908 and 1909. Advance Separators and Machinery. W. F. NYE, Agent. DR. BERT KOONS DENTIST Office in Postoffice Building Dr. A. J. DuFRENE Deputy State Veterinarian Office over Davis & Farnum's Phone 125 JENS RIVENES, J ATTORNEV-AT-LAW, Office upstairs in Masonic Annex. Glendive.Mont. Will practice in all State Courts and U. S. Lano office. Probate matters, land filings, contests final proofs, etc. Railway Lands. Scrip Land* Insurance and Abstracting. J. A. SLATTERY LAWYER Practice in all courts. Real estate and probate law a specialty. Opinions on titles to all real» s tate. Complete abstracts to all lands in Dawson County furnished promptly and accurately. Real estate bought and sold. Insurance. Col* lections given prompt attention. U. S. land office practice. Office in Masonic Annex. $20 REWARD For the return or information leading to recovery of one bay mare, branded MPI on left thigh, weight about 1,500, 5 years old. Last seen be tween Gold gulch and Wolf creek, near 14 ranch. Return to T. J. Babcock, Paxton, Mont. 8tp39 The Choicest Cuts K a of fine Native Cattle are to be had here every day in the week. We keep prime Beef only, and the tenderest Mutton and Lamb. Our Meats have made a reputation for themselves and are praised in many a home. They are juicy and tender, possessing a most delicious flavor. All kinds of fresh killed poultry in season. Chops, steaks and cutlets that will melt in your mouth. Fresh country sausages. The best mild cured hams and bacon. Prices pleasing to purchasers. CITY MEAT MARKET CHAS. SCHMIDT, Prop. For any kind of Sewer or Water Ditch WORK Call on Frank Oliver At Lowe's Hardware Store All work guaranteed By job or day Heiland Brothers Livery, Feed and »Sales Barn 9 Horses of all kinds for sale, broken and unbroken FRY ST Aft Bam opposite the Court House Special Attention Given to Landseekers and Real Estate Men Breeders of full blood Shorthorn Cattle. Always have choice young Bulls for sale. Glendive, Mont. Job Printing Neatly done at the Monitor Office A LOCAL MAN or WOMAN is desired right now to represent The Pictorial Review in this territory—to call on those whose subscriptions are about to expire. Big money for the right person—representatives in some other districts make over $500.00 a month. Spare time workers are liberally paid for what they do. Any per son taking up this position becomes the direct lobal repre sentative of the publishers. Write today for this offer of PICTORIAL REVIEW 222 West 39th Street New York City Reginald T. Hurdle CIVIL ENGINEER Surveyor for Dawson County Engineering, Surveying, Estimat ing, Irrigating, Contracting, Railroading. Glendive, - - - MonL Doctor Consler, Physician and Surgeon. Office over Exchange Bank. Glendive, Mont. Chester E. Dove Nettie H. Dove DRS. DOVE & DOVE Osteopathic Physicians Office over Exchange State Bank Glendive, Montana Office Hours : 9 to 12 a. m. ; 2 to 5 p. m. Phones: 190Office; 82-R R esidence Dr. Arthur A. Baker, DENTAL SURGEON. Office in Masonic Temple. Office Phone. 25-2 Rings. Residence Phone, 25-3 Rings GLENDIVE, - - MONTANA.