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\Y>t VOWCA \C'' ü ~A0 X V> v \.e « ** i fi • <*k pw rnAr I HM) Volume 9—No. 8 GLENDIVE, MONTANA. THURSDAY. APRIL IO. 1913 Eight Pages OUR AIM: TO TUBLISH A NEWSPAPER. SHORT MESSAGE STÏOKS TO TARIFF President Wilson Advises the Extra Session. URGENT NEED OF REFORMS Chief Executive Says Recent Elections Laid a Duty Upon the Democratic Party, Which Must Lighten the Bur den of the People—Says It Would Be Unwise to Move Forward Headlong or W'th Reckless Haste; That Busi ness Must Be Encouraged, Not De stroyed, but That Everything That Has a Semblance of Privilege Must Be Abolished— Promises Special Mes sage Dealing With Needed Banking and Currency Laws. To tbe Senate and House of Repre sentatives: I have called the congress together in extraordinary session because a duty was laid upon tbe party uow in power at tbe recent elections which it ought to perform promptly in order that the burden carried by the people under existing law may be lightened ns soon as possible and in order, also, that the business interests of the conn try may not be kept too long in sus pense as to what the fiscal changes m % m @ by American Press Association. PRESIDENT WILSON are to be to which they will be requir ed to adjust themselves. It Is clear to the whole country that the tariff duties must be altered. They must be changed to meet the radical alteration in the conditions of our economic life which the country has witnessed with in the last generation. While tbe whole face and method of our indus trial and commercial life were being chanced beyond recognition the tariff schedules have remained what they were hefore the change began or have moved in the direction they were giv en when no large circumstance of our industrial development was what it Is today. Om task ts to square them with the actual facts. The sooner that Is done tlie sooner we shall escape from suffering from the facts and the sooner our men of business will he free to thrive by the law of nature (the nature of free business! instead of by the law of legislation and arti ficial arrangement. How Tariff Has Grown. We have seen tariff legislation wan der very far afield In our day-very far indeed from the field In. which our prosperity might have had a normal growth and stimulation. No one who looks the facts squarely in the face or knows anything that lies beneath the surface of action can fail to perceive the principles upon which recent tariff legislation has been based We long ago passed beyond the modest notion of "protecting" the industries of the country p,nd moved boldly forward to the idea that they were entitled to the direct patronage of tbe government For a long time—a time so long that the men uow active In public policy hardly remember the conditions that preceded jt—we have sought in our tarin schedules to give each group o! manufacturers or producers what they themselves thought that they needed in order to maintain a practically ex clusive market as against the r«*t of ! ! i 1 I the wot iVi Consciously or unconscious i y we have built up a set of privileges and exemptions from competition be^ hind which it was easy by any. even the crudest, forms of combination to organize monopoly, until at last noth mg Is normal, nothing ts obliged to stand the tests of efficiency and econo my. in our world of big business, but everything thrives by concerted ar rangement Only new principles of action will save us from a final hard crystallization of mouopoly and a com plete loss of the influences that quick en enterprise and keep independent en ergy alive Must Abolish Privilege. It is plain what those principles must be We must abolish everything that nears even the semblance of privilege or of any kind of artificial advantage and put our business meo and pro diners under the stimulation of a con stant necessity to be efficient, econom ical and enterprising, masters of com petitive supremacy, better workers and merchants than any in the world Aside from the duties laid upon arti cles which we do not and probably cannot produce, therefore, and the duties laid upon luxuries and merely for the saks of the revenues they yield, the object of the tariff duties hence forth laid must be effective competi tion. the whetting of American wits by contest with the wits of the rest of the world It would lie nuwise to move toward this end headlong, with reckless haste or with strokes that cut at the very roots of what has grown up among us by tong process and at our own in vitation It does not alter a thing to upset it and break it and deprive it of a chance to change. It destroys it We must make changes in our fiscal laws, in our fiscal system, whose ob ject is development, a more free and wholesome development, not revolution or upset or confusion We must build up trade, especially foreign trade We need the outlet and the enlarged field of energy more than we ever did be fore We must build up Industry as well and must adopt freedom in the place of artificial stimulation only so far as it will build, not pull down In dealing with the tariff the method by which this may be done will be a mat ter of judgment, exercised item by item To some not accustomed to tbe excitements and responsibilities of greater freedom our methods may in some respects and at some points seem heroic, but remedies may be heroic and yet he remedies. It is our busi ness to make sure that they are genu ine remedies. Our object is clear if our motive is above just challenge and only an occasional error of judg ment is chargeable against us we shall be fortunate. Thorough, but Moderato. We are called upon to render tbe country a great service in more mat ters than one. Our responsibility should he met. and our methods should be thorough, as thorough as moderate and well considered, based upon the facts as they are, and not worked out as if we were beginners We are to deal with the facts of our own day with the facts of no other, and to make laws which square with those facts It is best-lndeed. it is necessary-to begin with the tariff I will urge noth ing upon you now at the opening of your session which can obscure that first object or divert our energies from that ciearly defined duty At a later time I may take the liberty of calling your attention to reforms which should press close upon the heels of the tariff changes, if not accompany them, of which the chief is the reform of our banking and currency laws, but just now 1 refrain. For the present 1 put these matters on one side and think only of this one thing-of tbe changes in our fiscal system which may best serve to open once more the free chan nels of prosperity to a great people whom we would serve to tbe utmost and throughout both rank and file. WOODROW WILSON. The White House, April 8* 1913. State Board Of Health The use of the public drinking cup and of the common roller towel in all hotels, restaurants, lodging houses and other public places was prohibited in regulations adopted by the state board of health at its meet ing at Helena. Regulations for the control of various diseases and those relating to railway sanitation adopt ed by the Northwestern Sanitation association at St. Paul last Decem ber were also adopted by the board. |Dr. D. J. Donohue of Glendive was i re-elected president and Dr. W. 5. 1 Butler was elected vice-president for I the ensuing year. Score cards for sale at the Monitor office. Wilson Upsets Precedent And Willj°P Deliver Message In Person Washington, April 6.—Setting aside precedents of more than a century, President Wilson will appear in the halls of congress Tuesday to deliver his first executive message in person. This decision of the president evoked much comment among the congression al leaders. He will be the first pres ident of the United States to appear officially before either branch of congress in deliberative session since John Adams in the first few years of the last century. An attempt was made in 1813 to revive the custom, but President Madison declined an invita tion to discuss foreign relations with the senate. Since then no president has even suggested joining in the de liberations of congress. It was suggested tonight that the senate might go over to the house while the president read his message. Such a proposal is under consideration by congressional leaders. President Wilson made his plans known to Majority Leader Underwood of the house, Representative Mitchell Palmer of Pennsylvania, and the other ■ house democratic leaders, that they ; might prepare for the event. j The president believes he can get in closer touch with the members of both houses of congress, by personally expressing his views to them. In ad dition to his official visits to the floor of the house which will become a mat ter of White House policy, the presi dent will take advantage of these vis its to kold conferences with party lead ers in congress? The president has been told by his friends that such a procedure is fraught with embarrassments unless he tact fully keeps to his purpose of merely giving advice as the leader of his party and offering suggestions to those with whom he confers. Those who have discussed this with him say he is con vinced that congress will not misun derstand his intentions that he will go to the capitol in a spirit of friendly co operation so that there may be at all times a unanimity of purpose between the executive and legislative depart ments of the government. The president, it was learned today, has read with considerable surprise re-1 ports that he had actually written parts of the tariff or that he had forced any agreements witn committees of congress. As declared, he simply had been asked to make suggestions and had cheerfully done so; that the bill is the work of congress and that his part in it has been that of counsellor and adviser. It is known, too, that the president is anxions to give equal con sideration to the leaders in both houses of congress in seeing that party pledg es are carried out. The senate has organized already for the new congress and its sessions will be a mere routine meeting. Immedi ately afterward, however a democratic caucus will be held when the fight to revise the senate rules will begin. This matter will occupy the senate for a part of the time that the house busies itself with its work of tariff de bate. When the house assembles the democrats, after their caucus decision will renominate and re-elect Speakei Champ Clark. The republicans will nominate Repre sentative Mann of Illinois and the pro gressives will nominate Representative Murdock of Kansas. The progressives may precipitate trouble at the first fall of the gavel if they carry out a plan to demand the seating of William J. McDonald in place of Representative H. Olin Young of the twelfth Michigan district, when the roll of members elected is called. It is considered likely, however, that the progressives will be recognized to en the contest of Mr. Young at that time. After the election of the speaker and the organization of the house, the democrats will bring in their proposed rules for congress. The party fight on these rules probably will go over until Tuesday. Both republican and pro gressive minorities will present substitutes for the democratic rules resolutions. The democrats with a majority in the house, contemplate lit tle trouble in running things to suit themselves. In the senate the demo crats will line up with 51 senators, against 43 republicans and 2 progres sives. Both houses of congress will be be sieged tomorrow by a small army of suffragists, who have planned a parade through the downtown streets to end in the rotunda of the capi+ol, where individual suffragists will perform missionary work for the cause among members of the house and senate. Time Of Examinations The regular eighth grade examina tion will be held May 22-23. The nex t teachers examination will be held Thursday and Friday, April 24-25. Second grade subjects are: reading, W riting, arithmetic, spelling, gram mar, geography, physiology and hy giene, U. S. History, civics, (state and federal), theory and practice of teaching. For a first grade certificate, appli cant must in addition to the branches required for second grade certificate take an examination in American lit erature, physical geography, element ary algebra, (through quadratics), and school management. The questions in theory and art for the remainder of the year will be bas ed on "O'Shea's Every Day Problems in Teaching.'' This can be had for $1.00, postpaid, by sending to the pub lishers, Bobbs, Merrill & Company, Indianapolis, Indiana, or for $1.10 of W. A. Moore Book and Stationery Company, Helena, Montana. The reading questions will be based on some book to be announced in the March issue of the Inter-mountain Ed ucator, Missoula, Mont. Questions will be given only in the order indicated below : Thursday Forenoon Friday Forenoon Theory and Art. Grammar, Reading. Geography, physical Geography Algebra Thursday Afternoon Friday Afternoon Spelling. History, Arithmetic. Physiology, American literature. Civics. Geography. Physics. No grade, whatsoever, of a certi ficate not issued in Montana can be transferred. In no case can any grades be trans ferred unless the applicant is the hold er of an unexpired Montana certificate. If the certificate has run out the ap plicant must be examined in all branches. Permits cannot be issued to any candidate who has failed in the exam ination, nor to one who might have taken it and neglected or refused to do so. HARRIET KELLY, Co. Supt. Why Women Prefer It. When the newsboy comes through the train with the Chicago papers, watch the married couple across the aisle. If the man is a well regulat ed husband he will ask his wife which paper she prefers, and then you may lay odds that the one chosen will be The Record-Herald. There is no mys tery about it. The man knows that he will find all the news in The Re cord-Herald, to be sure, but the woman knows it is the only paper that gives ad equate attention to the things in which CITY ELECTION QUIET AFFAIR Votes Canvassed by Coun cil. - Otber Business. Except for the closing of the places of liquid refreshment, the average citizen would hardly have known that the annual Glendive city election was occurring on Monday, so little in terest did the occasion create. There being no opposition developed to any of the candidates in the field, voting by the ordinary citizen was merely a matter of form. The polls were open during the usual hours, from 8 to 6 o'clock. In the evening the city council held the regular monthly meeting and the votes were canvassed. In the First Ward the result was as follows: For mayor, w a g an> 50 ; councilman, Whetham, 53; treasurer, Tisdale, 52; police magistrate, Goulding, 51. The Second Ward gave the following re sult : For mayor, Hagan, 25; treasurer, Tisdale, 22; police magistrate, Gould ing, 24; councilman, Baker, 24. It was one of the lightest municipal votes recorded in a long time. The council, taking up its routine j business, allowed the usual bills, and received the regular monthly reports, ! which were approved. An application from A. G. Nehring j to run a pool hall on the south side was referred to the police committee to investigate and report on. Brubaker Brothers received the con tract for the city cement work, hav ing the only bid in. Their rate is 14 cents per square foot for walks, and women are especially interested. In ev- j ery daily issue she can find a bill of fare ! for the day's three meals, reliable so | ciety news, good book reviews, bright verses and jokes^without vulgarity, a cartoon that everybody can enjoy and a ; fair share of the news of the day, re lating to women. Every Monday there is "Martha's Management,'' a very helpful column of culinary topics. In the Sunday edition a whole secHon is devoted to women, including the most complete department of household economy in the country, the latest fashions, beautiful embroidery pat terns, Mary O'Connor Newell's breezy articles, Dame Curtsey's "Novelties in Entertainment'' ar.d many special article of timely interest. Then there is the Sunday Magazine of The Re cord-Herald, a real magazine, full of good love stories and beautiful pic tures. Do you wonder that women prefer The Chicago Record-Herald. Sheriff Killed And Negro Lynched Mondak, Mont., April 4.—Thomas Courtney, first sheriff of Sheridan county ,>as instantly killed and his deputy, Richard Burmeister, died of his bounds sustained when they endeavored to arrest Jim Collins a negro, at a bridge construction camp near here today. Collins, pursued by a posse of rail road bridge builders and citizens, surrendered when he was cornered in the brush. He was turned over to the officers and taken to the jail j here. Tonight a mob formed the jail, I overpowered the guards and remov ! ed Collins to the street. A rope was thrown over a telegraph pole, his clothing was set on fire and while he was shrieking for mercy, the ne gro was hoisted, blazing into the air and a score of shots fired into his ! swaying body. j With the death of Collins the mob quietly dispersed and the body was I cut down by the authorities. I The shooting of the two Sheridan j 25 cents for street and alley crossings. Hanley & Golding also had the only bid in for tapping, and as their price of $33.00 for water mains was not re garded as excessive, they were award ed the contract. There were three bids in for street sprinkling and team work, as follows: F. B. Whetham, $125.00 per month: C. Johnson, $130.00; Ed. O'Neil, $140.00. The contract was awarded to Mr. Whetham. An interesting discussion was de veloped when the question of a reduc tion of the city electric lighting rates was taken up. Finally the body, in cluding the mayor and all the coun cilmen, decided to form a committee to wait upon the power company in reference to the subject in hand. A letter had been received from the city clerk of Helena inviting the mayors and city officials of all Montana cities to meet in Helena on Monday, April 28, for the purpose of formulating ways and means for the securing of lower electric rates, as it was con sidered that the rates in all Montana cities are excessively high, when the cost of the generation of electricity is considered. This promises to be one of the most important movements that city officials of Montana have taken up in a long time. Glendive will no doubt be represented at the Helena meeting, probably by the mayor and one or more aldermen. county officers grew out of their ef forts to arrest Collins on a com plaint sworn out by a colored man named Patterson, who charged that Coliins had assaulted his wife when they went to take possession of Neil Clay's cabin at the camp of the Union Bridge and Coustruction Company, which is building abridge over the Missouri river a few miles north of here. Collins had been staying with Clay since his arrival at the camp a couple of months ago. Clay sold the cabin to Patterson yes terday. She! iff Courtney and deputy Bur meister came down from Plenty wood and secured E. P. Wilson to take them out to the construction camp. Wilson inquired for Collins at the office of the company and was directed to the cabin. As he step ped inside the door Collins pulled a gur. and commanded Wilson to throw up his hands. Wilson did so and was relieved of bis gun. Collins started to run outside and was met by Sheriff Courtney. The officer drew his gun but Coliins was too quick for him and shot him twice through the body. The sheriff ap parently died instantly. Burmeister, who had remained with the team, came running up at the sound of the shooting. The negro's deadly aim poured five bul lets into Burme»ster's body. Collins took the guns of both men and jumped into the brush. A number of Mondak citizens and con struction men went in pursuit of the negro and he was soon surrounded. Seeing no chance to escape the fugi tive surrendered and was brought to Mondak, where the officers and prisoner were met by a large crowd with ropes. Collins was successful ly lodged in jail after his guards had stood off the mob. The mob later made a second as sault and secured the negro. Deputy Burmeister w'as brought here, where a special train was se cured and he was rushed to the hos pital at Williston, N. D. His death was reported tonight.