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HINT3 ON ALFALFA GROWING
Alfalfa, the queen of legumes, is rapidly gaining a place in the crop rotation system of every well managed farm. The man who has plenty of water for irrigation purposes or has sub-irrigated areas such as creek bot toms or where overflows occur does not need to worry about his winter's feed. Usually he secures from 3 to 4 tons per acre on medium aged fields, say fields Jliat have been cut three or four seasons. Sometimes weeds give trouble on irrigated land and materially lessen the yield. Oftentimes dandelions be come so bad that they kill out 50 per cent of the alfalfa stand. In this case, where the field is badly infested the only remedy is to plow up and grow a grain or cultivated crop, perferably the latter, a couple of seasons. Rota tions of crops which necessitate culti vation seems to be the most success ful system for checking dandelions. In badly infested areas I have seen them take a good stand of alfalfa in two years, so it was necesary to plow up and reseed before a profitable yield could be secured again. Alfalfa likes a rich, loamy soil, either a sandy or silt clay loom with plenty of humus or decaying vegetable ma terial. In many of the heavier types of soil such as clays and gumbo, par ticularly the latter, humus is lacking. This can be supplied by a generous application of barnyard manure or by plowing under some green manure crop such as sweet clover or fall rye. Men who have these heavier types of land know they secure the best yield of alfalfa where they have manured heavily This is followed by top dress ing every year, which serves to in crease the friability of these soils. Again, one of the peculiarities of alfalfa is that it will not do well on lands that are poorly drained. It is a waste of time, seed and money to attempt to grow alfalfa on poorly or partly drained land. When an alfalfa field for any rea son becomes a light yielder, producing 1 to IVz tons per acre on irrigated land, it is time to plow it up, or make some change whereby that yield can be increased to 3 to 4 tons per acre. This reduction in yield may be due to several reasons:—a poor stand badly "Drive Dull Care Away" For a nice, quiet, enjoyable evening, visit Bachman's Billiard and Pocket Billiard Parlors. In the Orpheum Theatre Block WE CATER TO YOU Cigars, Tobacco, Fruit, Soft Drinks. L. H. BACHMAN, Prop. Barbiir Shop in Connection. Read This! Offer Holds Good Until May 1st PEARSONS is the only Magazine of its kind This is why: — Three years ago Pearson's decided to be a free magazine. This is what it did:— ABANDONED FANCY COVERS CUT OUT COLORED PICTURES ADOPTED PLAIN PAPER This was the purpose:— A plain form would enable the mag azine to live on its income from sub scriptions and monthly sales. It would not have to consider the effect on advertisers when it wanted to print the truth about any public question. This was the result:— Pearson's now prints the truth about some question which affects your wel fare in every issue. It prints facts which no magazine that de pends on advertising could *afford 9 * to print. And, with all this, Pearsons still prints as much fiction and entertainment articles as other magazines. If you want plain facts instead of pretty pictures buy a copy on the news stand for 15 cents, or subscribe by the year for $1.50. By special arrangement with Pear son's we are able to make you the following clubbing offer. NEW 8UB8CRIBER8 Send $2.00 at Once and Get ONE YEAR'8 SUBSCRIPTION PEARSON'S MAGAZINE and YEAR'8 SUBSCRIPTION THE MONITOR Juet Think of Itl All for $2.00 Don't Delay—Do It Now Before the Offer Expiree in in is of TO ONE TO 4 infested with weeds, lack of humus in heavy soils, or possibly the field has been seeded a long time and grazed heavily, which has gradually killed out the plants. Where any of the above conditions exist it wil pay a man to plow and prepare it for a new stand by adding manure and using crops that require clean tillage to clean up the land. The amount of seed required per acre will vary somewhat, depending upon the soil, nature of the crop, and the seed bed; but ordinarily from 8 to 10 pounds is sufficient where a good quality of seed is used. When you stop to think that there are 231,000 seeds in a pound, you can readily estimate how many plants per square foot you will have at the rate of one pound per acre. Multiply that by ten and you will have somewhere in the neigh borhood of 40 to 50 with an average quality of seed.— J. C. Taylor, Custer County Agriculturist. NORTHERN PACIFIC TO PRO MOTE LIVESTOCK INDUSTRY A campaign for more and better live stock in the Northwest will be con ducted this summer by the Northern Pacific Railway Company in the states in which this company operates. The general plans for this campaign were announced April 9, by Professor D. M. Williard, Development Agent of the company, who will have charge of the work. The demand for better livestock both dairy animals and meat animals is very great. It has been decided to put on a campaign looking toward im provement in the quality of the live stock kept on the farms and in the methods of caring for and handling these animals. The plan to be pursued this sum mer differs materially from any cam paign that has before been followed in the Northwest. A business car will be attached to the regular trains oper ating over the main line and branches and stops of an entire day will be made at important farming centers. Meet ings will be held in towns and at school houses and other points in coun try districts. The speakers who will accompany this special car will be men of national reputation, specialists in dairying and livestock husbandry. On agricultural trains that have been operated by this company heretofore livestock and other demonstration ma terial have been carried on the train Livestock actually in use on the farms will be made use of for demonstration purposes in lieu of carrying livestock from the Experiment Station farms on the trains as heretofore. The good qualities and defects where these ex ist in the farmer's own livestock will thereby be able to be pointed out, and suggestions made as to lines of ini provement. An effort will be made to carry the gospel of livestock to the farmers in their own communities. While oper ating this special car, on which will be furnished living accommodations for the staff of speakers, efforts will be made to study conditions on the farms in the various communities, and the speakers will direct their efforts to ward solving the problems as they ex ist in the different localities visitée Stops will be made in many cases at small stations where there are inade quate or no hotel accommodations, by this means reaching many communi ties that have not heretofore been reached by Farmers' Institutes, or other agencies for advancing the cause of better agriculture. The campaign will extend over period of nearly three months, and the general schedule will include portions of the territory served by this com pany in Wisconsin, Minnesota, North Dakota, Montana, Idaho and Washing ton. Farmers who are interested in se curing a better grade of stock for their farms will be given assistance in lo cating breeding stock which they can purchase. Questions of the care and feeding of livestock will be given special at tention. Meetings with the business men in the towns will be held as op portunity offers, and a wider interest in promoting and encouraging the keeping of good livestock on the farms will be sought to be awakened. The campaign will open on May 3rd with a week's schedule on the Duluth Short Line and branches. A week will also be spent on the company's lines in Northifn Wisconsin, Points in Min nesota which have not been recently reached by agricultural special trains will be reached in this campaign. Two weeks will be spent on lines in North Dakota. Continuing westward, the campaign will be continued for three weeks on the company's lines in Mon tana, and two weeks in Idaho. Experience has demonstrated that the general agricultural train dealing with all manner of farm topics is less satisfactory than the campaign which is devoted to special subjects. This campaign will therefore be devoted ex clusively to the development and pro motion of the livestock industry, par ticular emphasis being placed on the subject of dairying. Fuller announcement of the details of the campaign and the schedule of to & 2 Ti to at in meetings to be held on the different lines will be given later. PROGRESSIVE BLOOMFIELD FARMERS START PRIVATE TELEPHONE LINE That the farmers of Bloomfield and vicinity are among the most progress ive in Dawson County, was again dem onstrated when a party of six resi dents of that section recently got to gether and decided to build and oper ate a private telephone line of their own, and for their own convenience if not profit. The men, who are all prominent farmers in that locality, are also mem bers of the Bloomfield Commercial Club, the organization that is in large measure responsible for the many im provements suggested and carried to completion in that prosperous section of the county. It is rumored that the Commercial Club are contemplating the erection of a large hall where reg ular meetings as well as social affairs can be held and that same will be built this spring. The complete telephone equipment has already been ordered from a large mail order house in Chicago, and the line will be put in operation as soon as the phones, wires, connections and other telephonic paraphernalia ar rives. The top wire on the fences surround ing the farms of the individual mem bers of the Bloomfield Private Tele phone Co., will be used for the trans mission of the electrically propelled conversation. The new line is being constructed for, and will be used by the following members of the company; Charles Bush, Gus Schlicht, John Steffens, Fred Steffens, William Steffens and Mr. Oellerman. The men are now waiting to learn the result of the experiments being constructed by a Chicago inventor whose plan it is to be able to operate a party line so that private conversa tions can not be overheard, inadver tantly or otherwise, by others on the same line. And this seems to be the only thing worrying the Bloomfield telephone pioneers. Bits of Byplay By Luke McLuke Copyright, ISIS, the OtmUnnatt Enquirer Paw Knows Everything. Willie—Paw, why is the female of the species more deadly than the male? Paw—Because the female usually does the cooking, my son. Mew—Willie, you can go to bed with out any supper. Fact. Tou'll often hear a fellow say, "I'll save up for a rainy day!" But sunny skies make him forget. And when the day comes hs gets wet. Huh! ''There goes a woman who is famil iar with the seamy side of life," re marked the grouch. "What is she, a sociologist?" asked the old fogy. "No," replied the grouch; "she is a dressmaker." Oh, Joy!* I'd like to be an iceman. My, But wouldn't that be nice! In winter I'd go south, where I Would not see any ice. Naturally. "I thought you advertised that this place was a health resort." said the fat man. "It is," replied the hotel clerk. "What is the matter with it?" "Lots the matter," replied the fat man. "I've been here two days, and I never saw such an unhealthy bunch of people in my life." Wuff! Said a jolly young lady named Nell, "I think limbqrger cheese is just swell. And I'd go around And purchase a pound If it wasn't for that awful smell." Names Is Names. I. Sickel runs the Frost cold storage plant in Frost. Tex. Looking For Quantity. A widower, aged forty, desires to make the acquaintance, with object matrimony, of an extra large, extreme ly stout lady, age twenty-five to forty, who would appreciate a good home.— Ad. in Winnipeg Paper. Is Hof Dear Luke—You told us that Wood Rainwater was president of an Arkan sas national bank. But you forgot to add that Cloudy Night Rainwater, his brother, is vice president of the same bank. That is a fact—J. O. Cart wright Cashier Waynesville (O.) Na tional Bank. is a a in of be to of on 812 Things to Worry About. A codfish lays about 9,000,000 eggs a year. Oh, Very Weill All communications to this office must be signed. We poeitively refuse to publish any unanimous letters.—Il linois Paper. • Our Daily Special. Most of us have to be patient cause we are afraid to fight be Luke McLuke Says: Admire the diamond ring a woman is wearing, and she'll always tell you how dirty it is. A man never makes any excuses when you catch him buying a drink. But he will make all sorts of apologies when you catch him buying collars or socks. What has become of the old fashion ed girl who wore a hat that was trim med with artificial fruits and vegeta bles? Father will stick around at a keg klatch until he is stewed, and his voice will be loudest in singing "The la-a-h-a-nd of the fru-hee and the ho-ho-me of the bra-a-ve." And then he will go home and try to crawl under the doormat when he discovers that friend wife is waiting up for him. Even if a man got married on the Fourth of July he would never remem ber that it was his wedding day an niversary. If a man ever happens to kill one rabbit in ten shots he will always claim that he killed ten rabbits in one shot When the woman defendant is pret ty her lawyer gets all the credit when the jury frees her. Arbitration in a family quarrel means letting the wife have her own way. The lucky man is usually one who doesn't depend on his luck. You may have noticed that you nev er see the man who says "I told you so!" collecting any bets. It is all right to say it to a man, but never tell a woman that a thing is as plain as the nose on her face. A woman can sometimes keep a se cret A girl is often engaged to a fel low for a year before he knows any thing about it Any man who has watched his wife dolling up when she is getting ready to go out will agree with the sage who remarked that a woman's work is nev er done. 'Tis better to have loved and lost than to figure alimony's cost You will never get to where you know it all. The wisest men we have are old men who have fine reference libraries. Some people talk more religion in ten minutes than they live in ten years. One reason why a girl'3 ankles nev er get cold is because she is carrying a ten pound muff. WHO IS PRETTIEST GIRL IN MONTANA The Helena Independent wants to find the prettiest girl in the state, and as an encouragement for the most beautiful girl to reveal herself, that popular newspaper is going to give her a round trip to California with all ex penses paid. The trip will include the expositions of San Francisco and San Diego and a visit to Los Angeles. It will take from three weeks to a month. A group of girls, one from each state in the Union, is to make the trip, chaperoned by Mrs. Champ Clark, wife of the speaker of the house of representatives. Montana's most beautiful girl must be found by May 8th, and for that reason all photographs of pretty girls, with their name and address written on the back must be sent to the Mon itor early next week, so that we can forward them all at once to the Inde pendent for publication in that paper. There are no conditions to the con test whatever; no one has to buy any thing or even subscribe to the paper; just send in to the Monitor office at once, photographs of all the prettiest girls you know, and the winner will be announced by May 8th. It will be quite an honor, not only state-wide but national, for any girl to win this great trip; and here's hop ing it will be a Dawson county girl. We are absolutely certain that we have the prettiest girls in the state, the difficulty being to secure photographs that will really do them justice. How ever, girls, send in your photographs, and may the prettiest one win. William Ricker of Mandan, travel ing representative of the grocery firm of Michaud Brothers of St Paul, Minn., was a business visitor in the city on Monday and Tuesday. He stated that on his trip through South Dakota from Aberdeen west, he saw snow in some places three feet deep. Surely South Dakota needs it. MASQUERADE AND THEATRICAL Costumes for Rental Write for Special Discount L KOPFMNAN Costumer Successor to 8mïth Costume Co. 812 Marquette Ave. to P. Minneapolis BRODY BROTHERS Postoffice, Bloom field, Montana. Range on Thir Bn Mile Creek. Additional Horae da. in Left Shoulder. Left Shoulder. STOCKMEN! ADVERTISE YOUR BRANDS and save hard ridings 1 0S8 of t| and expense in locating your stock. Fill out the blank below and m> to the MONITOR and we will do the rest. mat Marne of owner... Marne of Foreman. P. O. Addier— ttange. .torse Brand Location on Animal..... battle Brand. Location. .Additional Horse Brands. Additional Cattle Brands-------------------- Cost of running brand 1 year, Additional Brands $1.00 each including cut and copy of paper C. A. ANDERSON Post Office address Hodges, Mont, ilange Hodges creek *»-*ie brand for hors on left thigh. LOWREY Post Office Glendive, Mont. Range, Cabin Right .houlder for hor «♦ s and right ri for cattle. Right cattle. ribs Address Creek. Right stifle for horses. T. VROLSEN Postoffice address Wold, Montana. Range head of Deer Creek and Red Water. On shoulder. Same brand on left ribs for cattle. J. W. JONES Post office Wibaux, Mont. Horse brand thigh; Range on Cottonwood and Castle Creeks, 25 miles north of Wibaux. address, left on Additional brand on left thigh. JAS. CAVANAUGH Post office address, Glendive, Montana. Range 13 mile to Badroute. Addi tional horsbrand on left shoulder Cattle brand on right riba and left thigh. Right ribs for cattle. « CHET MURPHY Post office address, Glendive, Montana. Range, Burns creek. JEROME WOLFE Postoffice address Wibaux, Montana. Range Upper Beaver Creek. Additional Horse Brands Left Thigh Right Shoulder S. S. GABEL. Cattle and horsed on left hip, and the vent is the same brand below the original brand. Range on Smith Creek, Dawson county, Mont. Postofflce. Wibaux. W. J. DIXON Postoffice address Glendive, Montana. Range on Thirteen Mile, Morgan and Burns Creeks. Cattle brandon right hip. Same brand on right thigh for horses. Additional cattle brand: Right ribs STOCKSTILL & CHUETT Ralph Whitlock, Foreman P. O. Address, Wibaux, Montana Range on Glen dive & Cedar Crk ICattle Brand on Left Side A. ♦ ENGESET Post Office address Union, Montana. Range Tusler Creek and Bad Routa north side Yellow stone River. Horses shoulder. Same brand on left Caul, "ht rfi£" Ww for cattta - in the^bov » Crsl'iS* left on or mm •-SB xsn sr.i%v. d ®f GRINNELL Postoffice, Mont. "arm 25 SSÏüb-SL shoulder. Left should for horses. fif RICHARD KERR Post office dive, Montana. Range on McCune Horse brand thigh. Cattle brand the cr* on hft AUGUST LABELL Postoffice »diir». Glendive. Mont ' Range on (V,. Cabin and cÜ creeks. Brand on left 1 » for cattle. Same brand on to I ilfirh fnr hnrenu thigh for horses, Left hip cattle.*! i W: Right shoulder for cattle.1 Will pay a reward of $500 for conviction of ui one branding or killing any cattle belonginj 4 me. C. AND M. SIMARD HT Post office addrea ewlon, Montana. Range, Crain and h creeks. Horse brand H. J. HASKELL Oliver Fall, Manager. Brand both should« Post office add« Glendive, Montana m Range, Iron Butte c Cedar creek. Additional cut: brands: left nk ' W ISI lift b BOUCHARD BROTHERS Postoffice addrt! Newlon, Mont Range on Sears Horse brand on shoulder and on for cattle. Horses on leftl shoulder. Cattle left ribai Horses on right jaw.| C. A. JOHNSON Post office add« Glendive, Montent Range, Pasture » Red Water creeki I also own the h lowing addids brands: Rights" forcP and! Left hip cattle Left thigh horses G. PARSONS Post Wibaux, Mont jm on iß Range Creek. S. B. G. NEWTON ; Postoffice addrew. dive, Montana. Jk Range on North ' -> Deer creek. JSI Horse brand on 11 thigh. Same brand for® right hip. . NEIL STEWART Post office rf to Burns cree«^ DAWSON , PostoffiCI! »" Burns, Mort Range onflL Horse aid on right j* v. E. M. KINSEY Postoffice, Glen dive, Montana. Range on Clear, Bad Route and Cot tonwood Creek. jii Same brand on left ribs for cattle.