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rtlSfOr^oNf^ or M£>- £fl Democracy CannoPÈndure A* THE PEOPLE'S VOICE Un der Economic Systems Which Cause Hunger, Cold, Poor Housing and Unemployment to Millions. Economic Justice and Equality Is the Real Safeguard of De mocracy. Lack of These Is a Challenge to the Intelligence and Sincerity of All. HELENA, MONTANA, JANUARY 10, 1940 Price Five Cents Vol. L—No. 6 MONTANA POWER CO. TAXED ON MILLIONS LESS THAN HALF VALUE Reports in Railroad and Public Service Commission and in Board of Equalization, Disclose That Company Gets Away As It Always Has With Paying Taxes on Half or Less Than the Value of Its Assets. An exhaustive study should be undertaken of the manner in which evasion of tax payments on property can be made for the benefit of the farmers, the small business men and home owners of Montana and how they still might remain within the requirements of the existing laws as shown possible of accom plishment by the Montana Power Company. To be sure, in al most every session of the state legislature for the past decade two, efforts have been made to pass legislation which would upset the apple cart for the power company, but in every in stance, its influence against the proposals has been too strong. or ---♦ COURT FORBIDS REVIEW OF NLRB CASES WASHINGTON—(FP)—Courts have no power to review action taken by the national labor relations board In representation cases, the supreme court here ruled in three unanimous decisions. The decisions, all based on the same point, reversed circuit court decisions in the cases of the Falk Corp. of Milwaukee and Consumers Power Co of Jackson, Mich. A circuit court de cision dismissing a suit against the labor board by the International Long shoremen's Association (AFL) was upheld. The Falk decision, written by Jus tice Black, served as the basis of the court's actions. A lower court had modified a board order for an elec tion by ruling that the board must provide a place on the ballot for a union found by the NLRB to be com pany-dominated. Black declared that the lower court had no power to so modify the order and added, "Nor can authority for such anticipatory judicial control of election methods be found in section 9(d) which permits review only in those cases in which the board makes an order relating to labor practices found to be unfair as a result of prior certification of a selected bargaining agent." "The court," Black declared, "has no right to review a proposed elec tion and in effect to supervise the manner in which it shall thereafter be conducted." Upon contention of the lower court that the independent union was not company dominated, the supreme (Continued on Page Four) TRESPASSING AT THE CAPITAL By A. I. HARRIS industrial It you do not expect a ringing re affirmation by the present congress of the principles of individual freedom upon which this republic was founded, you will not be disappointed. • * Jerry, Not Martin, Pens "Liberty" Passage Having been told by the dally press that Martin Dies himself wrote the report of the house committee investi gating un-American activities, we were not a little puzzled to run across the following passage: "But it is at least equally Important that in combatting subversive groups of this character (groups which seek to undermine democracy) nothing be done which would undermine the fun damental structure of constitutional liberty Itself." "Nope," we said to ourselves, "that kind of sentence could never have come from the pen, or typewriter, or the lips of Mr. Dies. He could no have written it than he could more have written the Bill of Rights itself." And, to be sure, he didn't, have it, very straight, that the author of the above was Jerry Voorhis, Cali fornia liberal who, as a member ot the Dies committee* has been not a little disturbed at times over Mr. Dies' for "constitutional We total disregard liberty." Big Business will emerge from th» depression with fully as largje a waist line as it ever had. Active Labor Participation In Federal Forestry Program Of more than passing significance is the fact that labor was called be fore the recent hearing held by the joint congressional committee on for to obtain local viewpoints and estry recommendations for a national for estry program to be submitted to con gress. This was a decided departure from the past, and was brought about through influence of a small group of liberals within the federal forest serv ice. Hitherto, virtually the only ad vice sought was from the industrial ists of the timber game (the lumber barons), who were supposed to have the "proper legislative slant." Word It is fairly common knowledge that the power company flies one report with the railroad and public service commission for its service rate justi fication and files a report with the state board of equalization on which that body bases the value on which the company is to be assessed. In Its report for 1938, filed with the railroad and public service com mission, the company shows a total value of assets amounting to $160, 980,906.55. For the same year it paid taxes on only $70,866,753, or nearly five million dollars less than half the value of its assets. 1939, it was assessed on a value of $71,573,611. The report for 1939 has not' as yet been filed with the rail road and public service commission. Taxes Paid For the year Like all large corporations it makes the regular effort, quite successfully, to Impress the people of the state with the idea that it pays a tremendous tax sum for the support of the state, in return for the privilege ot doing business. It may be assumed that a little thought on the part of the pub lic, will convince it that this large financial institution like all others, taxes; that they are all paid pays no by the consumer patrons of the com pany. Included in their reports, the taxes paid are of course shown as one of the items of expense in conducting the business and deducted from the gross proceeds along with other items to arrive at the net pro ex pense fit ot the business. The taxes paid by the consumers through the Mon tana Power Company, which actually is only a collector, mounted to $1, 856,933.18 in 1938, The good people of the state paid them in the same net profit of $646,250.89 for The com year a acting as tax collectors. has worked the people so hard pany and diligently that it had a surplus at the end of 1938, of $13,201,657.07. Over a five-year period, the com (Continued on Page Four) ists are not at all pleased with the active participation of labor in de veloping national conservation pol icies, especially since the labor boys showed considerable independence in recommending against forest destruc tion. The hearings were held at Portland, Ore., Madison. Wls„ and San Fran At Madison the co-operatives cisco. also were represented through the Consumers' Superior, whose spokesmen recom mended that the forests be made a dependable source of employ Farmer repre Co-operative Wholesale, more ment and income, sentatives also were present at this meeting. Impartial observers feel that this farmer, and mean the formula participation of labor, co-op groups may ; tion of much more comprehensive con servation policies than when the tim industrialists were almost the sole advisers of the government on ber forestry matters. The joint forestry committee has not as yet formulated its report to It is regarded as certain congress. that it will recommend increased fed eral aid for forest fire protection. The big issue, however, is whether it will recommend regulation of limber cutting practices on private lands, to which the timber interests are op posed. Another question Is whether the committee will recommend mak ing permanent the shelterbelt, which is now financed only with WPA grants. The Federal Forest Service is, on the whole, a most reactionary branch of the government, for years domi nated by the point of view of the timber industrialists. The liberals in the Service—hopelessly in the minor ity—lost one of their staunchest sup porters in the death of their chief, F. A. Silcox, Just before Christmas. Silcox favored regulation of timber cutting on private lands and many other advanced and socially-minded measures qpposed by the timber in dustrialists. This comes to us from a demo cratic state chairman, a politician credited with knowing his way (Continued on Page Four) Socialist City Officials Scored for Scab Labor Contracts BRIDGEPORT, Conn.— (FP) — Pro testing its inability to compete with the cheap labor used on municipal building projects, the Bridgeport Building Trades Council' is rapping the socialist city government for awarding contracts to concerns using scab and out-of-town labor. The city's practice of allowing com petitive bidding between union and non-union concerns applying for mu nicipal contracts is likewise a target for AFL condemnation. Continuing an old and bitter con troversy on municipal sponsorship of WPA projects, the council charges that "there isn't another city in the state that applies for so many WPA projects which directly compete with local skilled mechanics." wmbm* BALDWIN FINDS 1 " w PfCPFOT CAD kV I I Wll Allfll DlfiUTC VlMIU IIIUII I O NEW YORK.—(FP)—Despite the war in Europe "1939 in the United States ended with civil liberties on firmer ground than at any time in the nation's history," Roger N. Bald win, director of the American Civil Liberties Union, said upon completing a tour of the country. Resort to violence in labor disputes, where violations of civil rights were most numerous, has sharply declined, he observed. "I found mere remnants of the tra ditional violence in industrial conflict, chiefly In the agricultural valleys of California, a slight an automobile cities of Mil the steel districts of Ohio^^U££aiH£. there is still plenty of evidence of hostility to unions, of resistance to collective bargaining, and of efforts to restrict labor's civil rights by anti picketing statutes and the like." A strong sentiment for labor unity throughout the country was noted by Baldwin. "Rivalry between the AFL and CIO, which has raised so many issues before the NLRB, seems con fined to the top leadership," he said. "Everywhere I found the feeling among the rank and file of both un ions pretty cordial and impatient with the continuing split." Sectional differences are giving way to "a national pattern reflected in almost identical reactions in what ever part of the country one may happen to be," Baldwin continued, re ferring to local attitudes toward ac tion by federal agencies. Main gains in civil liberties for 1939 cited by the A. C. L. U. were the re turn of civil rights to Jersey City, and the outlawing of anti-handbill or dinances and wire tapping. Main set backs were the passage of anti-alien bills in one house or the other, and the Dies committee hearings, which have resulted "in a growing intoler ance toward progressive causes gen erally." mnt in the ■tan and in Little Wagner Act Applies to Banks, Court Rules NEW YORK.— (FP)—Bankers suf fered a setback in their fight against unionization when Supreme Court Justice Ferdinand Pecora ruled Jan uary 3 that bank employes are not exempt from provisions of the state labor relations act. Pecora's ruling applied to the Bank of Yorktown, which had claimed exemption from the act when the state labor relations board ordered an election among its employes in January 1938. The United Office & Professional Workers (CIO), which sought the election, hailed Pecora's decision and said that the union would intensify its organizational campaign in banks and brokerage houses. "Does the act apply to banks and their employes?" the decision asks. "The court of appeals has already ruled in the Metropolitan Life Insur ance Co. case that the act includes all employes with the exception of those especially enumerated in Sec tion 715; these exceptions are em ployes of the state or any political or civil subdivision thereof and em ployes of charitable, educational or religious associations or corpora tions." The decision was particularly sig nificant, coming just after the Bank of America had announced its inten tion of fighting an NLRB ruling that bank employes are included under the national law's provisions. The board had ordered the giant west coast bank to reinstate one UOPW member fired for union activity. Interesting sidelight on the Bank of America case was that just as the institution was hailed before the NLRB, Rep. Howard W. Smith's com mittee Investigating the NLRB let it be known—indirectly—that the com mittee might recommend an amend ment to the Wagner act, to prevent "unions of national bank employes from affiliating with national labor or ganizations." This unofficial word from the com mittee was characterized by The New Republic as "a nice bit of open-field running for the banking interests," done "so skill-fuily that we suspect it was not appreciated by most of the spectators, who by now are ac customed to the more spectacular straight-arm stuff of Mr. Dies." LABOR BROADENS LEGAL ATTACK ON WAGE TAX PHILADELPHIA.—(FP)—As Mayor Robert Lamberton (R.) and his new city administration came into office, they faced a struggle of organized labor against the 1V4 % wage tax en acted recently by the republican ad ministration. Suits to test the consti tutionality of the tax have been started by both AFL and CIO. The AFL suit was filed by Michael Guerra, a member of the American Federation of Musicians. Sec. A. Rex Riccardl of the musicians' local noti fied employers that "any deductions would result in a breach on your part of your union agreement." A similar notice to employers was sent by Pres. Isadore Frankel of local 10, Laundry Workers Inti. Union (AFL). The CIO suit was filed by Mrs. Jenny Dole, a member of the Amal gamated Clothing Workers (CIO), who earns $500 a year in a local shirt factory. Employes of the Bell Telephone Co. have also filed suit. One employer has notified the mayor that she will refuse to deduct the tax. She is Mrs. Herman Blum, treasurer of the Craftex Mills, employ ing about 125 workers. Hearings on the CIO case have started already while hearings on the others are expected to begin shortly. Mass meetings protesting the wage tax are being held dally by labor or ganizations and civic groups. More than 600,000 anti-wage-tax notices to be given by both organized and unorganized workers to their em ployers have been issued by the CIO's committee to fight the tax. Pointing out that it is an exercise of constitu tional rights, the notices read; "I beg to serve notice on you as my em ployer that I refuse to permit any part of my wages or salary to be de ducted by you without an authoriza tion signed by me.'' Acclaimed by former Mayor George Connell, the tax was expected to af fect about 1,000,000 persons and to yield $18,000,000 a year, wiping out $17,000,000 deficit in the present curred by the former city administra tion. College Teachers Protest Demand For Resignations The following resolution was adopt ed at a meeting ot the Minnesota Federation of College Teachers, Local No. 444, at a meeting held on Satur day. December 9, 1939: We, Local 444, Minnesota Federa tion of College Teachers, having ex amined a history of the events lead ing to requests for the resignation of Professors P. O. Keeney, E. A. Atkinson, H. G. Merriam, C. E. F. Mollett and N. J. Lennes, believe the following to be true: 1. The charges of inefficiency made against Professor Keeney are unjusti fied and appear to reflect an unwill ingness of the Montana State Board of Education and President Simmons of the University of Montana, abide by the decision of the Supreme Court of Montana. 2. The charge that Professors At kinson, Merriam, Mollett and Lennes have sought from the date of his ap pointment to secure the dismissal ot President Simmons are unjustified and that their resignations have been requested for other reasons none of which are commendable; that these reasons in part are: (X) the support of Professor Keeney: (2) Membership in the American Federation of Teach Expressioqs of disapproval of ers; some phases of President Simmons' administration. Therefore, be it resolved that we regret this action of the Montana State Board of Education and urge that it be rescinded. Be it further resolved that we rec ommend a thorough investigation of the administration of President Sim mons with a view toward establish ing the basic reasons for the discord at the University of Montana. Be It further resolved that this res olution be sent to Governor Roy E. Ayers, ex-officio chairman of the Mon tana Board of Education, State Capi tol, Helena, Montana, and that copies of the resolution be sent to Jerry O'Connell, editor of the Montana Lib eral, Hamilton, Mont.; Clarence Blew ett, editor of the Montana Labor News. Butte, Mont.; Captain Bruce, editor of The People's Voice, Co-op erative Educational Pub. Co., Helena, Mont.; Tom Caveriy, editor of the Montana Review, Columbia Falls, Mont.; National Academic Freedom Committee: American Federation of Teachers, 235 Fourth Ave., New York City. a result of an injunction against the Hump Hairpin Mfg. Co. and its affil iate, the Chain Store Products Corp. of Chicago, signed by Federal Judge | John P. Barnes at Chicago, according j to a wage-hours division announce- I Another injunction entered | Yours respectfully, HEDVIG YLVISAKEK, Secretary. HOMEWORKERS COLLECT BIG BACK-PAY WASHINGTON.—(FP)—Restitution estimated at more than $100,000 is to be paid to some three to four hundred families of industrial homeworkers as ment. against the defendants enjoins the i companies from violating the child j labor provisions of the wage-hours | act. Proposed Merger Of Wire Companies Hit bv ACA j WASHINGTON.—(FP)— Merger of the Postal Telegraph and Western Un ion companies was recommended to the senate interstate commerce com mittee here by the Federal Commun ications Commission. Mervyn Rathborne, president of the American Communications Associa tion (CIO), in a statement charged the FCC with acting "as the hatchet man in the scheme concocted by the communications moguls to throw thou sands of employes out of their jobs and to undermine the public interest in an adequate communications serv ice." "It is apparent." Rathborne said, "that the FCC is intent on bailing out the companies whose bankrupt pol icies have brought the industry to its present chaotic condition." PROTEST AGAINST WPA TRIALS SENT TO ROOSEVELT NEW YORK.— (FP)—Twenty-four representatives of the AFL, CIO and liberal organizations have joined in a protest to President Roosevelt against the prosecution of 162 Minneapolis WPA strikers charged with conspir acy to violate the relief act, Sec. Da vid L. Clendenin of the Workers De fense League announced. So far 33 persons have been con victed in federal court and three freed on indictments arising from last sum mer's WPA strike. Among those who signed the letter were AFL Counsel Joseph A. Padway. CIO Sec. James B. Carey, Pres. George S. Counts of the American Federation of Teachers (AFL) and Pres. A. Philip Randolph of the Bro. of Sleeping Car Porters (AFL). "The entire proceedings seem to be subversive of the true interests of justice," the letter said. "It seems to us that the true purpose of the conspiracy clause in the statute was to punish attempts to defraud and cheat the government: certainly con gress did not intend this statute to be used against organized labor. "It is inimical to our democracy that striking workers engaged in peaceful picketing are prosecuted un der a federal statute, which was never intended to apply to such conduct, and tried en masse, thus being re fused a fair trial." Five Colleges Charged With Unjust Dismissals NEW ORLEANS.-— (B'P) — Charges that five colleges had denied their faculty members academic freedom were made here by the American Assn, of University Professors. The Institutions cited were Montana State university, St. Louis university, Uni versity of Tennessee, State Teachers B. Stetson university of Leland, Fla. Montana State university was black listed for the firing of five professors, including Prof. Philip O. Keeney, who won reinstatement after a court fight conducted by the American Federa tion of Teachers (AFL). Keeney was dismissed for organizing an AFT local. St. Louis university was condemned for ousting Dr. Moyer S. Flelsher, after 23 years of service, for sponsor ing a Spanish loyalist meeting in May 1937. His discharge was recently con demned as unjust in a report issued by the A. A. U. P.'s committee on academic freedom and tenure. The University of Tennessee dropped a professor over the heads of the board of trustees merely be cause the university president said he was not a good man. Two professors were dismissed by the West Chester State Teachers college because the president thought they were not "suf ficiently co-operative. Stetson uni versity eliminated three law profes sors and demoted the dean of the law school because of inter-departmental politics. Bank Prolongs Strike to F reeze Out Stockholders MINNEAPOLIS.— (FP)—After four months of picketing by local 1859, Furniture Workers Union (AFL), It became apparent that the Puffer-Hub bard Co. strike is being prolonged by the Northwestern Natl. Bank, receiver for the company. From a reliable source The North west Organizer, organ of the Minne apolis Teamsters Joint Council, found that the big banking chain was using the strike to freeze out stockholders In order to get control of the plant and certain patents that go with it. The bank's game is so raw that even certain businessmen find difficulty in stomaching it, the union paper reports. Three lone scabs, formerly escorted to the plant each day by police, are now sleeping on the second floor of the struck factory, pickets learned, In order to fill some of the company's orders for wheelbarrows, folding boxes and commercial refrigerating equip ment, the Northwestern Natl. Bank has set up three dummy companies outside the state, in Eau Claire and Downing, Wls., and in Grand Haven, Mich. KIPLINGER NEWS SERVICE FALSELY SAYS FARMERS UNION SUPPORT TRADED Washington News Release on December 16, Charges Wallace With Thatcher's Help Swung Support of Farmers Union to Trade Agreements in Return for Control of Farm Credit Administration. Charges made by W. M. Kiplinger of the "Kiplinger Wash ington Agency" a news service in the national capital, that a deal had. been consummated between Secretary of Agriculture Wallace and the president whereby the president agreed to turn over the administration of the Farm Credit Administration to Mr. Wallace, in return for which the secretary of agriculture with the assistance of M. W. Thatcher, was to deliver the sup port of the Farmers Union to the reciprocal trade agreements, were effectively branded as figments of Kiplinger's imagina tion at the time he was making the assertions, by Mr. Thatcher and a large representative group of the Farmers Union. The Kiplinger letter making the*— charges of collusive bargaining be tween Mr. Wallace and the President with the welfare of the farmers was released in Washington on December 16. The day before on December 15, at the convention of the Farmers Un ion business activities with 1,500 rep resentative farmers in the northwest present as delegates, the following resolution was adopted, wherein, as can be seen, these representatives of the Farmers Union in unmistakable language declare themselves and the organization against any trade agree ments which favor the entry ot any agricultural products which can be produced in this country. The reso lution as adopted follows; BE IT RESOLVED, by the repre sentatives of the Northwest Farmers Union activités in annual convention at Saint Paul, Minn., December 15, 1939, that WHEREAS, because of various con ditions arising out of drouth and ex tremely low prices over the years, farmers of the northwest have not only become deeply indebted to the agencies ot the federal government and to other groups, but they have been losing their homes by the thou sands and are still in the process ot losing their homes, and WHEREAS, because of the above mentioned facts, farmers have arrived at an economic condition wherein they are desperately endeavoring to better their condition through co-op erative marketing and compliance with the Triple "A" in reducing their acreages and livestock herds, and WHEREAS, such conditions and circumstances will permit of no further deflation of prices or other contingent conditions or proposals which are likely to bring about furth er lowering of prices, nor admit of competition with the products pro duced in this section, and WHEREAS, American agriculture, throughout the history of tariff legis lation. has been sold down the river for the benefit of other groups; THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED, that we are In favor of the philosophy of the Reciprocal Trade Agreement as the most likely assurance to bring international co-operation and peace, and o ounc j] w m fog held at the Co-op Pub lighlng corapa ny office in Helena, Sat ur£ j a y ( January 20, starting at 10 a.m„ ace0 rding to announcement made by FURTHER RESOLVED, that we are opposed to the consummation of any federal trade agreements which have in their provision agreements admitting livestock or livestock prod ucts, grain or grain products, or poul try products, or dairy products, or any other agricultural products which can be efficiently produced in this coun try and which may directly or indl (Continued on Page Four) EXECUTIVE BOARD OF PROGRESSIVE COUNCIL TO MEET IN HELENA A special meeting of the executive hoard of the Montana Progressive the secretary. Any person having any matter to be brought before the board is re quested to meet with them or address their communications to the secre tary, Tom D. Caveriy, Columbia Falls. The matter of calling a general statewide convention of the council will be taken up by the board at their Helena meeting, by-laws of the council, representation shall be given all state, district, coun ty and city farm unions, labor unions and county councils. According to the Conference to Fight Restrictive Measures NEW YORK.—(FP)—To prevent passage in congress of several anti labor, anti-free speech and anti-alien bills, the greater city emergency con ference on inalienable rights will hold a bill of rights conference on Lin coln's birthday, Chairman Robert W. Searle announced. The four most dangerous bills cited were a criminal syndicalism act against strikers (MacCormlck rider to H. R. 6075), Internment in concen tration camps for aliens (H. R. 4860), : registration of all non-citizens (S. | 409), and deportation of "communist" and "fascist" aliens (H. R. 4905-4907- ] 4909). "No trade unionist will be safe if i these bills become law," Dr. Searle I commented. APPEALS COURT UPHOLDS ORDER AGAINST GIRDLER PHILADELPHIA.—(FP)—Rejecting a decree proposed by Republic Steel Corp. which would have deprived some 6,000 workers of $7,600,000 back pay, the third federal circuit court of ap peals approved and signed an NLRB decree upholding its November deci sion against Tom Girdler's firm. The NLRB dated the back pay from Octo ber 18, 1938, when the board ordered the men reinstated. Although Glrdler has frequently as serted that if he loses the suit, the number of men to be reinstated will not be 6,000 and the back pay will be tar less than $7,600,000, the Steel Workers Organizing Committee (CIO) announced that reinstatement applica tions for some 6,000 workers had been made. On other fronts the SWOC's court fight against Little Steel made head way. NLRB hearings against Youngs town Sheet and Tube Co. are about to start, hearings against E. T. Weir's Natl. Steel Co. have been completed and board orders calling upon Inland Steel Co. to sign a union contract and upon Bethlehem Steel Corp. to dissolve its company union are await ing action by the appeals courts. Beth lehem recently agreed to meet SWOC representatives for negotiations. Ö Capitol Corridor Clatter By JAKE what an inspiring time I enjoyed last night, and I think I'll still do it. And for the benefit of the reputation smearing low-lifes who claim to be my friends, I'll start out by saying it wasn't the kind of time you think, at all. I stayed home and behaved myself and that's more than any ot you fellows did. What I did was listen to the radio tuned in on one of those high-priced Jackson day banquet programs down here in Helena, after speech and not a dry one In the bunch. (Now I can just hear one of the smart guys referred to above say, "What did I tell you. He could thing DRY.") n't get any inspiration out of any the radio that they were having a wonderful time and I bet they were too. That was why there were no dry speeches, 1 guess. What inspired me was that here were all these top-ranking politicians commemorating "Old Hickory's" lick ing the British at New Orleans, and all but one of them had the good judgment to not talk about or even mention by inference, the fact that Andrew was quite a radical and made things awful tough on some bankers in his day. Of course he's dead a long time now and there's no use dragging up his mistakes, pleased me though was that moat of these big shots were too modest to compare their records with his; to his disadvantage of course. I guess (Continued on Page Four) There was speech Everybody said over What PRODUCER TO CONSUMER The unconscionable toll exacted as profits by the processors of farm products, is clearly exempli fied in a story told by a farmer in the northern part of Montana. The farmer had a 600-pound hog to sell. A processor refused to of fer him more than 3^c a pound for It, or $20 for the animal. Then the farmer decided to butcher the animal himself, did so and sold a quantity of lard at 10c a pound; sold some of the lean meat to a grocery store at 16c and now with about half of the hog left, has already received $32 for what he has sold. He