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HELENA OF THE PEOPLE'S VOICE Economic Justice and Equality Is the Real Safeguard of De mocracy. Lack of These Is a Challenge to the Intelligence and Sincerity of All. Democracy Cannot Endure Un der Economic Systems Which Cause Hunger, Cold, Poor Housing and Unemployment to Millions. / HELENA, MONTANA, JANUARY 17, 1940 Vol. I.—No. 7 Price Five Cents SUGAR BEET PROCESSORS MAKE GIGANTIC PROFITS ON PRODUCTS OF FARMERS Engineer's Analysis of Corporation Reports of Great Western Sugar Company Gives Clear Pieture-of Unreasonable Profit Toll Taken in Processing Farm Products While Farmers Are in Dire Need of Assistance. With the sugar beet growers in dire need of federal assist ance to enable them to remain on their farms, and the indus trialists protesting against government spending, the reports of the processors of extravagant profits made in the processing of the beets into sugar appears to present as the only solu tion of the problem that the growers co-operately process their products, retaining enough of the surplus shown made in the processing and passing on the balance to the consumers in the form of lowered prices for the finished products. An analysis recently made by an engineer of the reports of the Great Western Sugar Company's operations in Colorado, shows that this company makes on average, $2.49 net profit, on every ton of beets purchased from the farm While the actual profit per ton figure of the companies operating in Montana are not available at this time, it may reasonably be assumed that it is not less than the amount made by the company in Colorado. Know ing the profit per ton made by the processors, the beet grower can easily figure the amount of profit the com pany makes per acre of his produc tion. er. Colorado To Start A movement is already under way by the sugar beet growers of Colo rado to quit producing at a loss for the Great Western Sugar Company, and to start their own processing plant co-operatively, labor and the consuming public should all be equally interested with the grower of sugar beets. Cash Investment In this plan, The engineer's analysis shows that the total amount of cash paid by pur chasers of the common stock of the since it was organized company amounts to only $28,620, but up to 1938, the staggering sum of $4,428, 480 had been paid as a common stock dividend. The of $8,973,000 is reported Issued in the form of common stock for property purchased by the company, but offsetting this, together with all additions to its plant, real estate and equipment which in 1938 had a total reported value of $43,443, 609, it had a reserve set aside for de preciation of $21,764,815 and a surplus of $24,916,606. In addition to the un conscionable profits shown by these figures, the company in 1933 trans ferred to the Cache La Poudre Com pany, the sum of $9,000,000, represent ing a part of the earned surplus. This company was liquidated in 1936, and (Continued on Page Four) - « ' . ■-1 TRESPASSING AT THE CAPITAL By A. I. HARRIS jj It pays to be a congressman in more ways than one. It enables you to smear anybody and anything with per fect Impunity. • * • Like Bengal tigers smelling fresh blood, senate and house reactionaries approaching the prospect of slash ing appropriations for such things as housing, WPA, admlnstraton of labor laws, and the like, under the pretext are of "national emergency." G. O. P. National Chairman Hamil ton selected Jackson day as the occa sion to announce that the republican campaign fund deficit had been wiped And we had been told that the out. Wall street boys had been so im poverished as the result of "heavy taxes" that they didn't have enough left to maintain a decent stand money ard of living, much less contribute to the republican party! House Liberals Gird For Legislative Battle By the time this appears in print, the liberal bloc in the house, headed by Representative John Coffee of Washington, will probably have held to discuss a plan of action a caucus in the present congress. The group is woefully in the mi nority—it can count on only about 60 But it has spirit . . . and fight . . . and it does not believe that the fires of liberalism should be per riitted to die out when things are getting a little dark. It's going to formulate a program and make a contest of it. This pro will include such things as ade members. gram quate WPA, NY A, and CCC appropria tions; protection of civil liberties, liberalization of the present WPA act, particularly abolishment of the 18 month enforced leave clause: opposi tion to transfer of American ships to foreign registry; Insistence that the "cash and carry" provisions of the neutrality act be carlred out literally; curb on war profiteering, to include goods of domestic consumption as well es munitions; and some curb on Mr. Dies to assure that he will re main within the field of legitimate Investigation, it not actual opposition to an appropriation to keep his com mittee going. The liberals do not believe that we an#-—- NLRB COMMITTEE TOLD OF FORD CO. PAYMENTS WASHINGTON. — (FP) — Evidence that Homer Martin, president of the United Auto Workers (AFL), received large sums of money from Harry Ben nett, head of the Ford service depart ment, and was closely associated w'ith Gerald L. K. Smith, Chas. E. Cough lin and other active anti-unionists, was placed in the record of the special house committee allegedly investigat ing the national labor relations board here. The evidence, an affidavit by Harry A. Elder, former UAW official and bodyguard of Martin, was read in con nection with the questioning of a re view attorney handling an NLRB case agalnst the Ford Motor Co. in St. Louis, Mo. Edmund M. Toland, counsel for the commlttee, intimated that the review attorney handling the case had been shown the affidavit which was not part of the NLRB's record of the ease. in sisted she had not seen the document. Elder's affidavit was dated Septem ber 2, 1939 and was printed in full in the United Auto Worker, official or gan of the United Auto Workers (CIO). At that time its contents were reported to Federated Press on Sep tember 7, 1939 but daily papers out side of Detroit failed to carry the story for fear of libel. The document declares that Elder was vice president of local 320 of the UAW but that when the. local was disbanded In the fall of 1937 his mem bership in the union ceased and was (Continued on Page Four) should permit war hysteria to cause us to abandon, even temporarily, pro grams designed to meet the "unmet economic needs of our people." Dld you know that the lives of 81 colored persons in the south were snuffed out at the hands of mobs for "insult to white persons," between the years 1882 and 1936? That fact was revealed in statistics on lynch Counsel Toland wanted to know why. "Because I was giving birth to twins," she replied. ings submitted during the antl-lynch ing bill debate in the house. The figures also showed that less than half the cause of lynchings were for alleged rape. So far there's nothing in the (Wag ner) National Labor Relations Act which forbids female labor board at torneys from having babies. One of the board's young women review at torneys testified before the Smith in vestigating committee regarding a case upon which she had worked. But she wasn't around when the de cision was reached, and Committee • • * Watch for Jackson Boom As Third Term Weather Vane Those who are watching the third term weather vane would do well to keep their eyes peeled on whether a real presidential boom develops in the near future for one Robert Jackson, the newly-appointed attorney gen eral. For if a genuine Jackson boom develops—and we do not know that it will—it will serve notice to the political world that the inner new deal circle has just about given up all hope of Inducing R. F. D. to make the race. It will mean, to all intents and purposes, that the presi dent has indicated a final "no" ot their entreaties. We are reliably informed that the inner circle is still at it, hammer and tonga, telling the president that every thing the new deal stands for will be sacrificed if he does not again be come a candidate. Why are they so persistent? It is because they do not trust any of the current potential candidates. Hull is too conservative. Garner is obnoxi (Contlnued on Page Two) 1 ' if VISUAL EDUCATION ! ■5JSP w II r 4 - v v/5 ■ ,s r v Cl wj; • -r (Cl :v t/î \ % « ACLU OPPOSES EXTENSION OF DIES COMMITTEE NEW YORK.—(FP)—That the Dies committee "has itself shown that there is no need for its further con tinuation" is a chief conclusion of an exhaustive report released January 16 by the American Civil Liberties Un ion. The 5,000-word memorandum is 'an appraisal of the Dies committee's work based on a reading of the en tire record and all documents. It was prepared by a special committee of the A. C. L. U., headed by Raymond L. Wise, a member of the board of directors and a former assistant U. S. district attorney in New York. Characterizing the latest report of th e Dies committee as "more tem pe rate in tone" and in striking con trast to the "alarmist statements of chairman Dies himself," the civil lib erties union contends that the Injury persons through the publicizing of unfounded charges against them "cannot be ob literated or atoned for by the subse (Contlnued on Page Pour) State Conference Scheduled, Youth Unemployment National Youth Administrator Au- brey Williams will personally conduct a meeting of Montana business, educa- j tion, labor, and religious leaders and I Montana youths in Helena, January , 22, for the purpose of reviewing youth unemployment problems in the state, I J. B. Love, state youth administrator. has announced. Arrangements for the state-wide conference, at which youth represent atives will present their own prob lems, are being made by Miss Helen Puller, administrative assistant to Au brey Williams, who arrived in Butte by plane Tuesday. "The meeting will be patterned aft er the national conference held in Washington, D. C., December 13 and 14, at which such leaders as Henry I. Harriman and Charles W. Taussig met with business, educational, farm er, and labor leaders at the call of Federal Security Administrator Paul V. McNutt," Miss Fuller said. "The conference will be informal and unre hearsed," she explained. "Its purpose is to review and discuss the youth unemployment situation in Montana and consider possible practical steps toward solutions." Aubrey Williams will preside tour ing a full day's session of discussions with the youth representatives and adult leaders, Mr. Love added. The discussions will probably center close ly around the problem of placing j you ths in private employment, he said, i but care ful attention will also be i given to the matter of training and I educational programs for underprlvi j leged youths. The task of the confer ence will be to show in clear outline the true magnitude of youth problems in Montana, and what must be done to solve them. Probably a hundred youth repre (Continued on Page Four) ! STOCKHOLDERS OF Q||D| ICUIklP PAUDAklV r UISLIwillllIl Ulllnl AI1T _ FFDDIIADV Q fflth I rtDtlUAllT w Notices are being sent to the stock holders of the Educational Co-opera tive Publishing Company that the an nual meeting will be held in the Labor Temple, Helena, Montana, on Febru ary 3. This company has a contract for the printing of The People's Voice. The company has a total of 779 stockholders of record, more than 70 of these being organizations. The by-laws require the attendance of 100 stockholders for the holding ot a stockholders' meeting. At the coming meeting, three directors are to be elected and other important bus iness transacted. WAGE-HOUR LAW ENFORCEABLE SAYS REPORT WASHINGTON.—(FP)—Experience during its first year of operation shows that the wage-hours act is en forceable, that it has increased the wage rate of thousands of workers in each of the industrial states, and that U has won every court test on its constitutionality to date, the wage hours division informed congress here in its first annual report. The report outlined the division's activities up to December 31, ^1939. Outstanding among the facts reported are: 1. The act has recently been held constitutional in separate actions by four federal judges. It has suffered no setbacks on this score. 2. The wage-hdtirs division will have 700 Inspectors in the field by the end of June. "Such a staff," the report says, "should make it possible to do an effective enforcement job." 3. On an annual basis this would require an appropriation of about $7, 700,000. (The President asked con gress for $6,185,000.) 4. In 139 legal actions begun by the division and by the Department of Justice, enforcement of the wage hours law has encountered only two setbacks in court. A third court de feat occurred in an action in which the division was the defendant. 5. In every one of the Department of Justice's 37 criminal actions which have been completed, the prosecution has been successful. In each Instance the defendants have pleaded guilty. Pines totaled $247,850. $132,350 of this was suspended con ditional on full restitution by the em ployers to employes of wages illegal ly withheld, pending. 6. More than $1,000,000 in back pay ments has been agreed upon for more than 18,000 workers, than $250,000 already has been paid. 7. Now that the division's activities have been decentralized into 15 re gions, interest of wage earners ln ob- 1 taining relief through the law is at a peak. More than 1,000 complaints a week are currently being received Payment of Twenty-six cases are Of this more (Continued on Page Four) SUPREME COURT SAYS OFFICE HOLDER VACATES OFFICE BY FILING FOR ANOTHER OFFICE The constitutionality of section of chapter 116 of the Laws of 1937 which prohibits an office holder from retaining his office if he files for an other, was affirmed yesterday by four to one decision of the Montana supreme court. The majority opinion was written by Associate Justice Angstman and concurred in by Chief Justice Johnson and Associate Jus tices Arnold and Morris. Justice Erickson delivered a dissent ing opinion. With Justice Angstman's long rec ord of dissenting with the majority opinions of the body, the progressive element of the state will no doubt be surprised to find his opinion the same on the question at issue, as that of the conservative members. The opinions rendered were the findings of the supreme court in an action brought by Senator Mulholland of Silver Bow county, for a declara tory judgment on the question of whether or not he had vacated his office as state senator by filing for the office of mayor of Butte, last spring. fore whom the case was heard, held the 1937 act unconstitutional. The majority opinion was that filing for a municipal office did not affect his status as a state senator because he filed for an office at a municipal election held in April and that his so doing did not affect his Incumbency of the office of state senator which regularly expires on the first Monday in January. Aside from this excep tion, however, the majority opinion Associate District Judge Padbury be 'Ö Capitol Corridor Clatter By JAKE ». .» That editor of yours has had this picture shown above for quite a while he tells me, but never could figure out Just what it was made for. It took my keen intelligence to show him the other day so he let me have it for my column as I'm about the only one on the staff that knows how to discuss educational projects. Most of you read a week or so ago what Boedecker said was going to happen to guys that drive when drunk. Of course, I, personally thought he was just a little bit severe, and I've been walking ever since. But I can't criticize him for doing his Job and protecting the life and limb of Mr. Public. Anyhow that isn't the pur pose of this literary effort. What I want to call to the atten tion of the people is the splendid, thoughtful and long time planning that results in the safeguards thrown about their personal safety. Boedecker must have been forming his plans for your safeguarding from drunken drivers as far back as 1938 Just think! when he parked his car like the pic ture above shows. That editor of yours 1s inclined to be a little evil-minded. (I hope he doesn't read proof on this) (Maybe you're right, Editor) He thought for a while that it might show that Boe decker had been stepping out and had But of course, even he must realize the in justice of thinking that now. It's as clear as mud to me now, after this edict of Boedecker's about drunken drivers. He must have been working out the details of what to do in all emergencies in connection with those guys as far back as 1938 when this picture was made. He probably made it while he was holding a school for the patrolmen, and was demon strating how to park so tl)at he could take out after one of the stews with out a lot of time wasted in wiggling out from the curb. parked a little carelessly, fully to visual education methods be cause these fellows that try to drive when lubricated have to get their stuff in a saloon, so that's the place to He must believe in adhering faith (Continued on Page Four) 1 held that filing for one office while the incumbent of another constitutes in effect, voluntary abandonment. Associate Justice Erickson's dis senting opinion agrees with the ma jority in finding that Mulholland is still senator from Silver Bow county, though he filed for the office of mayor of Butte last spring. The dissenting opinion however, contends that the filing for another office while holding one, because the law passed in 1937 provides that he shall resign "and in the event of the failure so to resign said office the same shall ipso facto become wholly vacant and unoccupied." This, the dissenting opinion claims, shows that the legislature did not contemplate the | filing for the second office as volun- j tary abandonment of the first, that I the legislature contemplated that the I filing for the second office would ter minate his tenure of the office held; that on his filing for the second, he would be removed from the office he held at the time. The dissenting opinion of Justice Erickson holds that the constitution definitely fixes the term for which Mulholland could hold the office of state senator if he did not resign or abandon it, if he performed the duties of the office and was not guilty of certain specified offenses for which he might be removed. Authoritative works on the constitution, generally accepted by students of law, states; "Another rule of construction is. that when the constitution defines the cir (Contlnued on Page Four) SHOWDOWN ON UNIVERSITY FACULTY DIFFERENCES IS APPARENTLY FORCED NOW Petitions Signed by Large Number of Mem bers of the Faculty, Presented to the Board, Asking for an Investigation of Simmons' Administration Will Probably Bring About Definite Board Action. Presentation of two petitions, one requesting an investiga tion of the Simmons' administration of university affairs signed by 40 faculty members and the other asking that the board rescind its ouster order of Atkinson, Mollett, Merriam and Lennes, signed by 49 members of the faculty, featured the first session of the state board of education meeting being held in Missoula, for the purpose of sifting evidence ditions affecting the administration, of the board of education is to conduct a "fair and impartial investigation of conditions that have caused unrest over the entire state. " . . . . We are not sitting as a court, but want this trouble sifted to the bottom with no injustice to any." concerning con The announced intention FARMERS CO-OPS GROWING FAST SAYS BLACK The co-operative movement among farmers of the United States will con tinue to develop and there will be no slackening or reversing the direction in which it is going, Acting Governor A. G. Black told a group of co-opera tive workers in annual meeting here today. The 12,000 and more co-opera tives now doing business may in crease or decrease in number, but the co-operative movement itself through an experience of 20 years or more has had sufficient experience to as sure continuation in the right direc tion and a refinement of its processes. Mr. Black said the field for nation wide co-operatives is still an open question, that some leaders in this field doubt whether co-operative ac tivities can be successful on a nation wide basis at this time while others think that there may be a place for nation-wide co-operatives, but that they must be organized and operated on a somewhat different basis than some of those that have been tried In the past. "The co-operative movement has been refined in the tires of 20 years of activities," said Mr. Black. "Co operatives have made a place for themselves and they did this in the early years at least against the un relenting opposition of private busl ness." Mr. Black urged that manager, offi cers and directors of farrier co-op eratives keep themselves tuned to the changing times and be ready to ad just their operations with changes as they come along. NLRB Cuts Out Phoney Part of Profit-Sharing Plan o WASHINGTON.—(FP)—Untangling of a phoney labor relations scheme from a profit-sharing plan was ordered here by the national labor relations board in a decision directed against the Duffy Silk Co. of Buffalo, N. Y. The board expressly provided that its order is not intended to interfere with the profit-sharing arrangement of the plan or with Us wage and hour feature if continued without dis crimination against a labor organiza tion. The plan was put into effect while members of the United Textile Work ers (then CIO) were on strike. It provided that the company and work ers should choose a person not con nected with any industrial, business or labor organization to act as a trus tee and to represent the workers In all matters of employment. The company agreed to pay wages as high as those paid by its compar able competitors and to pay to the trustee, for distribution among the workers, 75% of the net profits earned in the Buffalo plants. Workers accepted the plan by a vote of 450 to 4 after speeches in its favor were made by union officials, Fr. John P. Boland, then the NLRB regional director, labor department conciliators and Fr. Justin Flgas, prom i ne nt Catholic who was chosen trustee Refusal to deal with the union and tbe a ttempt to discourage member 8b | Pj coupled with the recognition of the plan, and the facts in themselves indicate employer domination of the plan even without regard to the fact that the plan was originated and formed by the company, the board said. NLRB ORDER WASHINGTON.-—(FP)—The NLRB here announced an order directing Republic Creosoting Co. and Reilly Tar & Chemical Corp., both of In- , dianapolis, Ind., to cease discouraging membership in Creosote Workers Un ion, Local N. 20,483, (AFL). and to cease in any manner interferrlng with their employes' right to self-organiza tion. The petition urging an investigation of Simmons' administration which was signed by 40 members of the faculty, declared that there have been five investigations of affairs of the uni versity during Simmons' tenure of of fice, whereas during the administra tion before him under Dr. Clapp for 14 years there had never been any necessity for any investigation. The petition charged; "1. There exists on the campus a feeling of unrest, Insecurity and dis trust. This is In marked contrast to the unquestionable harmony and con fidence which prevailed here during the presidency of Dr. Charles H. Clapp, Immediately preceding. "2. The request for the resignations of five members of the faculty who were in indefinite tenure is without precedent in the history of the uni versity. ''3. During the four years of Presi dent Simmons' administration there have been these special investigations of affairs at the university: "a. By a special committee of the 1939 legislative assembly. "b. Two by committees of the Amer ican Association of University Pro fessors. "c. One by a special committee of "d. One by a special committee of the Montana state board of education. No Previous Inquiry "During the 14 years of the admin istration immediately preceding there was not one such investigation nor was there any occasion for such in quiry. "4. Grave concern for the welfare of the university has been created amongst alumni, students and, to a great extent, amongst citizens of the state. "5. Since 1936 there has been little or no increase in enrollment of the State university. At the State college (Montana State college in Bozeman) there has been a remarkable gain in registration during these same years. "We therefore request that the state board investigate the administration of President Simmons. "In thus stating our belief and mak ing our request we are not prompted by personal animus; this action is motivated by a sincere desire to serve the best interests of tSe university, and by and with full confidence in the sincerity of the official request that we set forth onr opinion as to the source of the present deplorable situation at the State university. "E. L. Freeman, A. S. Merrill. E. A. Atkinson, W. E. Maddock, T. C. Spaulding, Lucia B. Merrielees, Mike Mansfield, C. E. Mollet, Louise O. Arnoldson, E. E. Bennett, Flora B. Welsberg, F. O. Smith, John Suchy, Ralph M. McGinnis, J. H. Toell, U. H. Jesse, W. R. Ames, W. G. Bate (Contlnued on Page Four) IT'S CHEAPER TO DIE THE CO-OP WAY WAUSAU, Wls—(FP)— Members of co-operatives in the central part of the state of Wisconsin have solved the high cost of dying, N. K. Nielsen reports in The Progressive. Central Wisconsin Co-operative Burial Assn., organized three years ago, now has 917 live members and is driving toward a goal of 3,000. A membership fee of $5 entitles the member and his family to the benefits of the association. This amount is deducted from the charge which the first funeral is held in the family. No funeral can cost more than $225 and many are provided at the basic cost of $100. The average cost for the past year was $158; the lowest was $85. The association has its own modern funeral home and a full-time licensed undertaker and an assistant. The NOTICE Because the President'* Birthday Ball in Butte has beien scheduled for January 27, the Butte Miners Union No. 1, announces that The People's Voice Subscription Dance will be held on Satur day evening, February 10, instead of the date previous ly announced.