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The people's voice. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1939-1969, January 17, 1940, Image 1

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Economic Justice and Equality
Is the Real Safeguard of De
mocracy. Lack of These Is a
Challenge to the Intelligence
and Sincerity of All.
Democracy Cannot Endure Un
der Economic Systems Which
Cause Hunger, Cold, Poor
Housing and Unemployment to
Vol. I.—No. 7
Price Five Cents
Engineer's Analysis of Corporation Reports
of Great Western Sugar Company Gives
Clear Pieture-of Unreasonable Profit Toll
Taken in Processing Farm Products While
Farmers Are in Dire Need of Assistance.
With the sugar beet growers in dire need of federal assist
ance to enable them to remain on their farms, and the indus
trialists protesting against government spending, the reports of
the processors of extravagant profits made in the processing
of the beets into sugar appears to present as the only solu
tion of the problem that the growers co-operately process
their products, retaining enough of the surplus shown made
in the processing and passing on the balance to the consumers
in the form of lowered prices for the finished products.
An analysis recently made by an engineer of the reports of
the Great Western Sugar Company's operations in Colorado,
shows that this company makes on
average, $2.49 net profit, on every
ton of beets purchased from the farm
While the actual profit per ton
figure of the companies operating in
Montana are not available at this time,
it may reasonably be assumed that
it is not less than the amount made
by the company in Colorado. Know
ing the profit per ton made by the
processors, the beet grower can easily
figure the amount of profit the com
pany makes per acre of his produc
Colorado To Start
A movement is already under way
by the sugar beet growers of Colo
rado to quit producing at a loss for
the Great Western Sugar Company,
and to start their own processing
plant co-operatively,
labor and the consuming public should
all be equally interested with the
grower of sugar beets.
Cash Investment
In this plan,
The engineer's analysis shows that
the total amount of cash paid by pur
chasers of the common stock of the
since it was organized
amounts to only $28,620, but up to
1938, the staggering sum of $4,428,
480 had been paid as a common stock
The of $8,973,000 is reported
Issued in the form of common
stock for property purchased by the
company, but offsetting this, together
with all additions to its plant, real
estate and equipment which in 1938
had a total reported value of $43,443,
609, it had a reserve set aside for de
preciation of $21,764,815 and a surplus
of $24,916,606. In addition to the un
conscionable profits shown by these
figures, the company in 1933 trans
ferred to the Cache La Poudre Com
pany, the sum of $9,000,000, represent
ing a part of the earned surplus. This
company was liquidated in 1936, and
(Continued on Page Four)
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It pays to be a congressman in more
ways than one. It enables you to
smear anybody and anything with per
fect Impunity.
• * •
Like Bengal tigers smelling fresh
blood, senate and house reactionaries
approaching the prospect of slash
ing appropriations for such things as
housing, WPA, admlnstraton of labor
laws, and the like, under the pretext
of "national emergency."
G. O. P. National Chairman Hamil
ton selected Jackson day as the occa
sion to announce that the republican
campaign fund deficit had been wiped
And we had been told that the
Wall street boys had been so im
poverished as the result of "heavy
taxes" that they didn't have enough
left to maintain a decent stand
ard of living, much less contribute to
the republican party!
House Liberals Gird
For Legislative Battle
By the time this appears in print,
the liberal bloc in the house, headed
by Representative John Coffee of
Washington, will probably have held
to discuss a plan of action
a caucus
in the present congress.
The group is woefully in the mi
nority—it can count on only about 60
But it has spirit . . . and
fight . . . and it does not believe that
the fires of liberalism should be per
riitted to die out when things are
getting a little dark.
It's going to formulate a program
and make a contest of it. This pro
will include such things as ade
quate WPA, NY A, and CCC appropria
tions; protection of civil liberties,
liberalization of the present WPA act,
particularly abolishment of the 18
month enforced leave clause: opposi
tion to transfer of American ships to
foreign registry; Insistence that the
"cash and carry" provisions of the
neutrality act be carlred out literally;
curb on war profiteering, to include
goods of domestic consumption as
well es munitions; and some curb on
Mr. Dies to assure that he will re
main within the field of legitimate
Investigation, it not actual opposition
to an appropriation to keep his com
mittee going.
The liberals do not believe that we
WASHINGTON. — (FP) — Evidence
that Homer Martin, president of the
United Auto Workers (AFL), received
large sums of money from Harry Ben
nett, head of the Ford service depart
ment, and was closely associated w'ith
Gerald L. K. Smith, Chas. E. Cough
lin and other active anti-unionists,
was placed in the record of the special
house committee allegedly investigat
ing the national labor relations board
The evidence, an affidavit by Harry
A. Elder, former UAW official and
bodyguard of Martin, was read in con
nection with the questioning of a re
view attorney handling an NLRB case
agalnst the Ford Motor Co. in St.
Louis, Mo.
Edmund M. Toland, counsel for the
commlttee, intimated that the review
attorney handling the case had been
shown the affidavit which was not
part of the NLRB's record of the ease.
sisted she had not seen the document.
Elder's affidavit was dated Septem
ber 2, 1939 and was printed in full in
the United Auto Worker, official or
gan of the United Auto Workers
(CIO). At that time its contents were
reported to Federated Press on Sep
tember 7, 1939 but daily papers out
side of Detroit failed to carry the
story for fear of libel.
The document declares that Elder
was vice president of local 320 of the
UAW but that when the. local was
disbanded In the fall of 1937 his mem
bership in the union ceased and was
(Continued on Page Four)
should permit war hysteria to cause
us to abandon, even temporarily, pro
grams designed to meet the "unmet
economic needs of our people."
Dld you know that the lives of 81
colored persons in the south were
snuffed out at the hands of mobs for
"insult to white persons," between
the years 1882 and 1936? That fact
was revealed in statistics on lynch
Counsel Toland wanted to know why.
"Because I was giving birth to twins,"
she replied.
ings submitted during the antl-lynch
ing bill debate in the house. The
figures also showed that less than
half the cause of lynchings were for
alleged rape.
So far there's nothing in the (Wag
ner) National Labor Relations Act
which forbids female labor board at
torneys from having babies. One of
the board's young women review at
torneys testified before the Smith in
vestigating committee regarding a
case upon which she had worked.
But she wasn't around when the de
cision was reached, and Committee
• • *
Watch for Jackson Boom
As Third Term Weather Vane
Those who are watching the third
term weather vane would do well to
keep their eyes peeled on whether a
real presidential boom develops in the
near future for one Robert Jackson,
the newly-appointed attorney gen
For if a genuine Jackson boom
develops—and we do not know that
it will—it will serve notice to the
political world that the inner new
deal circle has just about given up
all hope of Inducing R. F. D. to
make the race. It will mean, to all
intents and purposes, that the presi
dent has indicated a final "no" ot
their entreaties.
We are reliably informed that the
inner circle is still at it, hammer and
tonga, telling the president that every
thing the new deal stands for will
be sacrificed if he does not again be
come a candidate.
Why are they so persistent? It is
because they do not trust any of the
current potential candidates. Hull is
too conservative. Garner is obnoxi
(Contlnued on Page Two)
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NEW YORK.—(FP)—That the Dies
committee "has itself shown that
there is no need for its further con
tinuation" is a chief conclusion of an
exhaustive report released January 16
by the American Civil Liberties Un
The 5,000-word memorandum is 'an
appraisal of the Dies committee's
work based on a reading of the en
tire record and all documents. It was
prepared by a special committee of
the A. C. L. U., headed by Raymond
L. Wise, a member of the board of
directors and a former assistant U.
S. district attorney in New York.
Characterizing the latest report of
th e Dies committee as "more tem
pe rate in tone" and in striking con
trast to the "alarmist statements of
chairman Dies himself," the civil lib
erties union contends that the Injury
through the publicizing of unfounded
charges against them "cannot be ob
literated or atoned for by the subse
(Contlnued on Page Pour)
State Conference
Scheduled, Youth
National Youth Administrator Au-
brey Williams will personally conduct
a meeting of Montana business, educa-
j tion, labor, and religious leaders and
I Montana youths in Helena, January
, 22, for the purpose of reviewing youth
unemployment problems in the state,
I J. B. Love, state youth administrator.
has announced.
Arrangements for the state-wide
conference, at which youth represent
atives will present their own prob
lems, are being made by Miss Helen
Puller, administrative assistant to Au
brey Williams, who arrived in Butte
by plane Tuesday.
"The meeting will be patterned aft
er the national conference held in
Washington, D. C., December 13 and
14, at which such leaders as Henry I.
Harriman and Charles W. Taussig
met with business, educational, farm
er, and labor leaders at the call of
Federal Security Administrator Paul
V. McNutt," Miss Fuller said. "The
conference will be informal and unre
hearsed," she explained. "Its purpose
is to review and discuss the youth
unemployment situation in Montana
and consider possible practical steps
toward solutions."
Aubrey Williams will preside tour
ing a full day's session of discussions
with the youth representatives and
adult leaders, Mr. Love added. The
discussions will probably center close
ly around the problem of placing
j you ths in private employment, he said,
i but care ful attention will also be
i given to the matter of training and
I educational programs for underprlvi
j leged youths. The task of the confer
ence will be to show in clear outline
the true magnitude of youth problems
in Montana, and what must be done
to solve them.
Probably a hundred youth repre
(Continued on Page Four)
r UISLIwillllIl Ulllnl AI1T
fflth I rtDtlUAllT w
Notices are being sent to the stock
holders of the Educational Co-opera
tive Publishing Company that the an
nual meeting will be held in the Labor
Temple, Helena, Montana, on Febru
ary 3. This company has a contract
for the printing of The People's Voice.
The company has a total of 779
stockholders of record, more than 70
of these being organizations.
The by-laws require the attendance
of 100 stockholders for the holding
ot a stockholders' meeting. At the
coming meeting, three directors are
to be elected and other important bus
iness transacted.
during its first year of operation
shows that the wage-hours act is en
forceable, that it has increased the
wage rate of thousands of workers in
each of the industrial states, and that
U has won every court test on its
constitutionality to date, the wage
hours division informed congress here
in its first annual report.
The report outlined the division's
activities up to December 31, ^1939.
Outstanding among the facts reported
1. The act has recently been held
constitutional in separate actions by
four federal judges. It has suffered
no setbacks on this score.
2. The wage-hdtirs division will have
700 Inspectors in the field by the end
of June. "Such a staff," the report
says, "should make it possible to do
an effective enforcement job."
3. On an annual basis this would
require an appropriation of about $7,
700,000. (The President asked con
gress for $6,185,000.)
4. In 139 legal actions begun by
the division and by the Department
of Justice, enforcement of the wage
hours law has encountered only two
setbacks in court. A third court de
feat occurred in an action in which
the division was the defendant.
5. In every one of the Department
of Justice's 37 criminal actions which
have been completed, the prosecution
has been successful. In each Instance
the defendants have pleaded guilty.
Pines totaled $247,850.
$132,350 of this was suspended con
ditional on full restitution by the em
ployers to employes of wages illegal
ly withheld,
6. More than $1,000,000 in back pay
ments has been agreed upon for more
than 18,000 workers,
than $250,000 already has been paid.
7. Now that the division's activities
have been decentralized into 15 re
gions, interest of wage earners ln ob- 1
taining relief through the law is at
a peak. More than 1,000 complaints
a week are currently being received
Payment of
Twenty-six cases are
Of this more
(Continued on Page Four)
The constitutionality of section
of chapter 116 of the Laws of 1937
which prohibits an office holder from
retaining his office if he files for an
other, was affirmed yesterday by
four to one decision of the Montana
supreme court. The majority opinion
was written by Associate Justice
Angstman and concurred in by Chief
Justice Johnson and Associate Jus
tices Arnold and Morris.
Justice Erickson delivered a dissent
ing opinion.
With Justice Angstman's long rec
ord of dissenting with the majority
opinions of the body, the progressive
element of the state will no doubt be
surprised to find his opinion the same
on the question at issue, as that of
the conservative members.
The opinions rendered were the
findings of the supreme court in an
action brought by Senator Mulholland
of Silver Bow county, for a declara
tory judgment on the question of
whether or not he had vacated his
office as state senator by filing for
the office of mayor of Butte, last
fore whom the case was heard, held
the 1937 act unconstitutional.
The majority opinion was that filing
for a municipal office did not affect
his status as a state senator because
he filed for an office at a municipal
election held in April and that his so
doing did not affect his Incumbency
of the office of state senator which
regularly expires on the first Monday
in January. Aside from this excep
tion, however, the majority opinion
District Judge Padbury be

Capitol Corridor

That editor of yours has had this
picture shown above for quite a while
he tells me, but never could figure
out Just what it was made for. It
took my keen intelligence to show him
the other day so he let me have it
for my column as I'm about the only
one on the staff that knows how to
discuss educational projects.
Most of you read a week or so ago
what Boedecker said was going to
happen to guys that drive when drunk.
Of course, I, personally thought he
was just a little bit severe, and I've
been walking ever since. But I can't
criticize him for doing his Job and
protecting the life and limb of Mr.
Public. Anyhow that isn't the pur
pose of this literary effort.
What I want to call to the atten
tion of the people is the splendid,
thoughtful and long time planning that
results in the safeguards thrown about
their personal safety.
Boedecker must have been forming
his plans for your safeguarding from
drunken drivers as far back as 1938
Just think!
when he parked his car like the pic
ture above shows.
That editor of yours 1s inclined to
be a little evil-minded. (I hope he
doesn't read proof on this) (Maybe
you're right, Editor) He thought for
a while that it might show that Boe
decker had been stepping out and had
But of
course, even he must realize the in
justice of thinking that now.
It's as clear as mud to me now,
after this edict of Boedecker's about
drunken drivers. He must have been
working out the details of what to do
in all emergencies in connection with
those guys as far back as 1938 when
this picture was made. He probably
made it while he was holding a school
for the patrolmen, and was demon
strating how to park so tl)at he could
take out after one of the stews with
out a lot of time wasted in wiggling
out from the curb.
parked a little carelessly,
fully to visual education methods be
cause these fellows that try to drive
when lubricated have to get their stuff
in a saloon, so that's the place to
He must believe in adhering faith
(Continued on Page Four)
held that filing for one office while
the incumbent of another constitutes
in effect, voluntary abandonment.
Associate Justice Erickson's dis
senting opinion agrees with the ma
jority in finding that Mulholland is
still senator from Silver Bow county,
though he filed for the office of mayor
of Butte last spring.
The dissenting opinion however,
contends that the filing for another
office while holding one, because the
law passed in 1937 provides that he
shall resign "and in the event of the
failure so to resign said office the
same shall ipso facto become wholly
vacant and unoccupied."
This, the
dissenting opinion claims, shows that
the legislature did not contemplate the |
filing for the second office as volun- j
tary abandonment of the first, that I
the legislature contemplated that the I
filing for the second office would ter
minate his tenure of the office held;
that on his filing for the second, he
would be removed from the office he
held at the time.
The dissenting opinion of Justice
Erickson holds that the constitution
definitely fixes the term for which
Mulholland could hold the office of
state senator if he did not resign or
abandon it, if he performed the duties
of the office and was not guilty of
certain specified offenses for which
he might be removed. Authoritative
works on the constitution, generally
accepted by students of law, states;
"Another rule of construction is. that
when the constitution defines the cir
(Contlnued on Page Four)
Petitions Signed by Large Number of Mem
bers of the Faculty, Presented to the Board,
Asking for an Investigation of Simmons'
Administration Will Probably Bring About
Definite Board Action.
Presentation of two petitions, one requesting an investiga
tion of the Simmons' administration of university affairs signed
by 40 faculty members and the other asking that the board
rescind its ouster order of Atkinson, Mollett, Merriam and
Lennes, signed by 49 members of the faculty, featured the first
session of the state board of education meeting being held in
Missoula, for the purpose of sifting evidence
ditions affecting the administration,
of the board of education is to conduct a "fair and impartial
investigation of conditions that have caused unrest over the
entire state. " . . . . We are not sitting as a court, but want
this trouble sifted to the bottom with no injustice to any."
concerning con
The announced intention
The co-operative movement among
farmers of the United States will con
tinue to develop and there will be no
slackening or reversing the direction
in which it is going, Acting Governor
A. G. Black told a group of co-opera
tive workers in annual meeting here
today. The 12,000 and more co-opera
tives now doing business may in
crease or decrease in number, but the
co-operative movement itself through
an experience of 20 years or more
has had sufficient experience to as
sure continuation in the right direc
tion and a refinement of its processes.
Mr. Black said the field for nation
wide co-operatives is still an open
question, that some leaders in this
field doubt whether co-operative ac
tivities can be successful on a nation
wide basis at this time while others
think that there may be a place for
nation-wide co-operatives, but that
they must be organized and operated
on a somewhat different basis than
some of those that have been tried
In the past.
"The co-operative movement has
been refined in the tires of 20 years
of activities," said Mr. Black. "Co
operatives have made a place for
themselves and they did this in the
early years at least against the un
relenting opposition of private busl
Mr. Black urged that manager, offi
cers and directors of farrier co-op
eratives keep themselves tuned to the
changing times and be ready to ad
just their operations with changes as
they come along.
NLRB Cuts Out
Phoney Part of
Profit-Sharing Plan
of a phoney labor relations scheme
from a profit-sharing plan was ordered
here by the national labor relations
board in a decision directed against
the Duffy Silk Co. of Buffalo, N. Y.
The board expressly provided that
its order is not intended to interfere
with the profit-sharing arrangement
of the plan or with Us wage and
hour feature if continued without dis
crimination against a labor organiza
The plan was put into effect while
members of the United Textile Work
ers (then CIO) were on strike. It
provided that the company and work
ers should choose a person not con
nected with any industrial, business
or labor organization to act as a trus
tee and to represent the workers In
all matters of employment.
The company agreed to pay wages
as high as those paid by its compar
able competitors and to pay to the
trustee, for distribution among the
workers, 75% of the net profits earned
in the Buffalo plants.
Workers accepted the plan by a
vote of 450 to 4 after speeches in its
favor were made by union officials,
Fr. John P. Boland, then the NLRB
regional director, labor department
conciliators and Fr. Justin Flgas,
prom i ne nt Catholic who was chosen
Refusal to deal with the union and
tbe a ttempt to discourage member
8b | Pj coupled with the recognition of
the plan, and the facts in themselves
indicate employer domination of the
plan even without regard to the fact
that the plan was originated and
formed by the company, the board
here announced an order directing
Republic Creosoting Co. and Reilly
Tar & Chemical Corp., both of In- ,
dianapolis, Ind., to cease discouraging
membership in Creosote Workers Un
ion, Local N. 20,483, (AFL). and to
cease in any manner interferrlng with
their employes' right to self-organiza
The petition urging an investigation
of Simmons' administration which was
signed by 40 members of the faculty,
declared that there have been five
investigations of affairs of the uni
versity during Simmons' tenure of of
fice, whereas during the administra
tion before him under Dr. Clapp for
14 years there had never been any
necessity for any investigation. The
petition charged;
"1. There exists on the campus a
feeling of unrest, Insecurity and dis
trust. This is In marked contrast to
the unquestionable harmony and con
fidence which prevailed here during
the presidency of Dr. Charles H.
Clapp, Immediately preceding.
"2. The request for the resignations
of five members of the faculty who
were in indefinite tenure is without
precedent in the history of the uni
''3. During the four years of Presi
dent Simmons' administration there
have been these special investigations
of affairs at the university:
"a. By a special committee of the
1939 legislative assembly.
"b. Two by committees of the Amer
ican Association of University Pro
"c. One by a special committee of
"d. One by a special committee of
the Montana state board of education.
No Previous Inquiry
"During the 14 years of the admin
istration immediately preceding there
was not one such investigation nor
was there any occasion for such in
"4. Grave concern for the welfare
of the university has been created
amongst alumni, students and, to a
great extent, amongst citizens of the
"5. Since 1936 there has been little
or no increase in enrollment of the
State university. At the State college
(Montana State college in Bozeman)
there has been a remarkable gain in
registration during these same years.
"We therefore request that the state
board investigate the administration
of President Simmons.
"In thus stating our belief and mak
ing our request we are not prompted
by personal animus; this action is
motivated by a sincere desire to serve
the best interests of tSe university,
and by and with full confidence in
the sincerity of the official request
that we set forth onr opinion as to
the source of the present deplorable
situation at the State university.
"E. L. Freeman, A. S. Merrill. E.
A. Atkinson, W. E. Maddock, T. C.
Spaulding, Lucia B. Merrielees, Mike
Mansfield, C. E. Mollet, Louise O.
Arnoldson, E. E. Bennett, Flora B.
Welsberg, F. O. Smith, John Suchy,
Ralph M. McGinnis, J. H. Toell, U.
H. Jesse, W. R. Ames, W. G. Bate
(Contlnued on Page Four)
WAUSAU, Wls—(FP)— Members of
co-operatives in the central part of
the state of Wisconsin have solved
the high cost of dying, N. K. Nielsen
reports in The Progressive.
Central Wisconsin Co-operative Burial
Assn., organized three years ago, now
has 917 live members and is driving
toward a goal of 3,000.
A membership fee of $5 entitles the
member and his family to the benefits
of the association. This amount is
deducted from the charge which the
first funeral is held in the family.
No funeral can cost more than $225
and many are provided at the basic
cost of $100. The average cost for
the past year was $158; the lowest
was $85. The association has its own
modern funeral home and a full-time
licensed undertaker and an assistant.
Because the President'*
Birthday Ball in Butte has
beien scheduled for January
27, the Butte Miners Union
No. 1, announces that The
People's Voice Subscription
Dance will be held on Satur
day evening, February 10,
instead of the date previous
ly announced.

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