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The people's voice. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1939-1969, January 24, 1940, Image 1

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Economic Justice and Equality
Is the Real Safeguard of De
mocracy. Lack of These Is a
Challenge to the Intelligence
and Sincerity of AIL
Democracy Cannot Endure Un
der Economic Systems Which
Cause Hunger, Coldg Poor
Housing and Unemployment to
Vol. I.—No. 8
Price Five Cents
J. Burke Clements and Barclay Craighead
Under the Provisions of the State Law Can
not Campaign for the Election of Any Other
Person to Public Office.
The provisions of the state law very explicitly prohibits ap
pointive political office holders such as Barclay Craighead and
J. Burke Clements from promoting the nomination or election
of Senator B. K. Wheeler for president, which is the avowed
purpose of the "Wheeler for Senator" club of which Clements
is president and Craighead, secretary, according to the printed
letterheads of that organization.
a new
tion and their violation of the state
law as active officers thereof is of
recent origin, there is evidence that
they have disregarded the law prev
iously. Whether this has been done
innocently through lack of knowledge
of the
existence in the statutes of
of a law prohibiting such
activities on their part, or deliberate
ly, in full knowledge of the existence
of this law, is, of course, not known.
It might however, not be presumptions
that holding such
high political offices as are held by
them, should be familiar at least with
what they may, or may not do as
such office-holders, under the law.
It is a well known fact that J. Burke
Clements has held the office of vice
chairman of the Montana democratic
central committee for some years past,
and as such has participated in con
ventions of that party.
Section 10786 revised codes of Mon
tana 1935, reads as follows:
Section 10786 R. C. M. 1936.
"No holder of a public position
other than an office filled by the
voters, shall be a delegate to a con
vention for the election district that
elects the officer or board under
whom he directly or indirectly
holds such position, nor shall he be
a member of a political committee
for such district."
The term "political committee" is
defined in the statutes as follows;
"Section 10775. R. C. M. 1936"
"Political Committee" shall apply
to every combination of two or more
persons who shall aid or promote the
success or defeat of a candidate, or
a political party or principle, and
the provisions of law relating there
to shall apply to any firm or part
nership, or any corporation, and to
any club, organization or associa
tion or other combination of persons
whether incorporated or not, with
similar purposes, whether primary
or incidental."
Craighead Contributes
Aside from holding the position of
secretary in the "Wheeler for presi
dent" organization in apparent viola
tion of section 10776 R. C. M. 1936,
(Continued on Page Four)_
Conservatives in congress are gath
ering their forces for a fight to nul
lify the fair labor standards act by
series of crippling amendments.
♦ ♦ ♦
The hooded "patriots," (KKK) of
Alabama, recently informed the negro
sharecroppers of that state who are
trying to organize, "Alabama is a good
place for negroes—but not for negroes
who believe in social equality."
Smith Committee Plans Detroit Trip
Board of Commerce" Invite
With more than three-fourths of its
appropriation gone—part of which was
spent for publicity purposes — the
Smith NLRB Investigating committee
plans a trip to Detroit at the express
invitation of the Detroit Board of Com
merce, a notoriusly anti-labor group
of employers.
The attitude of this organization to
wards the (Wagner) national labor
lations act was set forth in an edi
torial which appeared in the Decem
ber 4, 1938, issue of its official pub
lication, "The Detroiter."
torial in part reads as follows:
The edi
"It (the act) was intended by Dr.
Wagner to be a prescription to cure
It turned out to be a dls
If a complete cure
ease breeder,
of the unwarranted strike menace
is to be affected—AMPUTATION
every employer who wants to stay
in business — every employe who
wants to work—should make the
REPEAL of the Wagner act his
personal business."
That Smith, who voted against the
Wagner act when it was passed and
whose anti-labor record as well as his
all social legislation is
record on
nothing short of putrid, has Identical
views goes without saying. Their
views do not meet with the views of
legitimate section of the Ameri
labor movement, who want the act
improved and strengthened rather
than weakened,
wants the act emasculated to render
it ineffective preparatory to eventual
outright repeal. They are hesitating
making a forthright fight for repeal
at this time for fear of its effect upon
the political fortunes of reactionaries
in the forthcoming election. Disunity
The Smith crowd
Urging immediate action on H. R.
7171 which establishes definite quotas
on the importation of Canadian wheat,
Senator James E. Murray has ad
dressed the letter printed below to all
western senators:
As a senator from one of the great
wheat producing states I am calling
your attention to the importance of
immediate action by the Senate on
H. R. 7171, Calendar No. 1090.
Recently officials of the department
of agriculture appeared before the
United States tariff commission to
urge the immediate establishment of
quotas on imports of Canadian wheat.
There is a question as to whether
the commission has the legal authority
under existing statutes to declare
such a quota in effect. Existing law
authorizes the establishment of quotas
when Imports injurious to the Ameri
can market actually are occurring.
The enactment of H. R. 7171 would
provide authorization to establish
quotas when the commission deter
mines that large imports are practic
ally certain to occur.
The importance of immediate ac
tion on the bill is clearly evident
when one considers that there are
forty million bushels of Canadian
wheat in bond now in the United
States. This wheat is not in bond for
milling but may be sold on the market
upon payment of the duty.
United States market price should rise
by as much as $.06 (five cents) or
if the Canadian market should drop
by that amount, or if a combination
of a rise in the American and a drop
in the Canadian market should occur
and result in such a differentiation
between the two markets we can ex
pect immediate imports of large quan
tities of wheat from Canada. A suf
ficient change in the rate of exchange
between the two countries would have
(Continued on Page Four)
If the
within the ranks of labor, however,
is playing into their hands.
For only $500 ($100 down and the
balance on easy terms) a constituent
of a western congressman promises
to solve all the problems—Including
balancing the budget by the end of
1940. The only stipulation is that he
remain in anonymity for fear of as
sassination by Wall Street agents. He
must be afraid that the showing up
of Senator Taft will be avenged.
» » *
Detroit "Board" Sees
Silver Lining On Dark Clouds
The Detroit Board of Commerce has
been seeing nothing but dark and
foreboding clouds in the skies ever
since the liberal administration came
into power in Washington. It is now
beginning to see some "rays of light,"
One of the "rays of light," says
"The Detroiter," the Board's official
organ, (January 15, 1940, issue) is
the appointment of Michigan's Rep.
Earl Michener, arch reactionary, to
"the powerful Rules committee of the
House." Another "ray of light" is the
appointment of Michigan's labor-bait
ing, labor-hating Clare Hoffman to the
House Labor committee,
presence on the committee presents a
strong argument for changing the
committee name from Labor to Anti
Both men assure the Detroit Board
of their steadfast loyalty to their mut
ual ideals.
"The Detroiter" says, have been re
ceived from them "within the past
few weeks." "You may count on me
to co-operate in every way possible
toward repeal or at least effective
amendment of the (Wagner) law,"
Michener said, while Hoffman Informs
them that he is still of the opinion
that "the Wagner act is a national
Pledges to that effect,
Rep. Rich, Pa., finally has said some
thing which makes sense. He wants
someone to define the word "prepared
ness" so that we know to stop when
we reach that point . . . Young people
in NYA are engaged in making maps
for the REA, the Civil Aeronautics
Authority, and the Federal Housing
(Continued on Page Two)
To the Share Holders of the
Educational Co-operative Publishing Co.;
The annual meeting of the share holders will be held in
Helena, on February 3rd. It is of vital importance that you
attend this meeting. Your Board of Directors and your Sec
retary have carried on for the past three years, at some in
convenience to themselves and finally, as you know The
People's Voice has become a reality. Now your Board of
Directors asks and expects (even if it causes you some incon
venience) you to be present at the annual meeting on Feb
ruary 3rd.
• This is your institution. It was started by you, for your as
well as for the benefit of others. It has been financed by
you and the amount of finances raised is real money in most
peoples' language.
things are going, and let a few shareholders and your Board
carry on, without you reviewing their work and helping them
plan for the future. You owe it to yourself and your Board
of Directors to make a determined effort to be at the annual
Are you going to sit back, now that
meeting and help with your counsel and advice.
Board of Directors will not long assume the responsibility of
directing the institution, unless you as owners do your part
by attending the annual meetings.
Your Board knows it takes time and some money to get
to the annual meeting. Any worth while project takes some
time and expense to make it a success, so load up four or
five in a car and be in Helena when the meeting is called
to order the morning of February 3rd. We will be looking
for you. Please don't disappoint us.
Co-operatively yours,
D. L. MANNING, President.
A s
aged Governor Dickinson of Michigan
faced his Bible class of halt a dozen
in the Center Eaton church Sunday,
January 14, he noticed 60 or 70 strang
ers, all women and children, filing in.
He was preaching on forgiveness and
he quietly welcomed them.
The presence of state police in plain
clothes at the back and of newspaper
and cameramen showed that the gov
ernor had been tipped off.
Anticipating criticism of his starva
tion policy toward mothers and de
pendent children, Dickinson said dis
"If I have faults and you see them
in me, maybe you've got to overlook
But Mrs. Gussie Moore of Detroit,
chairman of the Mothers Emergency
committee, was more intent on relief
than on forgiveness.
"Governor," she said, just as quiet
but just as determined as he, "some
of our children are slowly starving.
You are the only man in Michigan
who can help us. We know that you
can do it. Call a special session of
the legislature to appropriate money
for our babies.
"We want you to understand that
the state relief policy is taking food
and clothing away from the weakest
and most helpless members of society,
the widows and orphans."
governor forgot about forgiveness and
suddenly became self-righteous. The
church, he said, is no place to trans
act government business.
•The preacher started a prayer, fol
lowed by a hymn and in the midst of
it the governor ducked.
Capitol Corridor
A while back I wrote a piece about
how I thought we ought to start a
new association, and I was going to
ask a friend of mine to see the gov
ernor if he'd take the presidency of
it. Not necessarily to do any of the
hard work, but to sort of lend it of
ficial sanction and dignity,
thought to propose the name of
"Amalgamated Society of Bar Plies"
for it, and I still think that would
be a good name for it. Of course
that's something that would have to
be decided by the active membership,
and naturally all its members would
be active. At least at the beginning
of the gatherings, and maybe some
of them clear up to the last song.
Well, what I started to tell was that
I had
I have been improving my mind here
lately by reading the minutes of the
meetings of an investigating commit
tee that the senate appointed in 1937
to look into what the highway de
partment was doing, and I've found
out there are plenty of potential mem
bers in there too. I believe there's
going to be some real competition for
high standing of activity in the Amal
gamated Society of Bar Flies for top
place in active ability between the
governor and McKinnon, the chief en
gineer of the highways,
guy that can really take it.
The minutes of the hearings by
that committee make you thirsty to
read, and I can see where I've drifted
into the wrong kind of company.
These big shots in the highway de
partment naturally get to know the
rich contractors and those birds pay
the bills when they're out on parties.
Different here. Honestly it's getting
so that I have to lay it on the line
before some of these stony-hearted
bartenders will even reach for a glass.
And some places I can't go into at
all unless I can pay something on
(Continued on Page Four)
There's a

|| I;
Aubrey W. Williams
Administrator, National Youth
Unemployment of
Youth Discussed
By Conference
An attendance which taxed the cap
acity of the assembly hall of the house
of representatives in the state capitol
building in Helena, last Monday dis
cussed the problem of youth unemploy
meeting was
arranged and sponsored by the nation
al youth administration.
Administrator Aubrey Williams con
ducted the conference which was in
formal throughout.
While the conference was open to
all who wished to attend, a large num
ber of special invitations had been
sent out by the sponsors, to people
representing, business, labor, industry,
agriculture and other groups in the
state. About 150 young people were
present and took the most active part
in the discussions.
State administrator of the National
Youth Administration, J. B. Love
opened the conference and explained
its purposes and reviewed briefly the
National Youth Administration organ
ization and introduced to the assem
bly, members of the state advisory
board who were present.
Mr. Love then introduced Aubrey
Williams and after a short statement
of the purposes of the conference, Mr.
Williams called on the young men and
women present to make statements.
The greater part of the day's discus
sion was carried on by the young
people themselves, and Mr. Williams
declared that outstanding Intelligence
was displayed by all participants.
Thls conference was the first of a
series of conferences of this kind plan
ned to be held in many different sec
tions of the country.
Progressives of the state have learn
ed with pleasure that Frank Finnegan
one of the foremost fighters in their
ranks has received the appointment
of postmaster in Anaconda. As a mem
ber of a past session of the legislature
he earned their high regard for his
fearless and effective championship
of legislation for the common people of
the state.
Mr. Finnegan has been a resident
of Anaconda for 25 years and is a
printer by trade, serving for many
years as president of the Montana
conference of Typographical unions.
A story was carried in the Jan
uary 17 issue on the Equity Co-op
erative Association of Harlem. This
association was erroneously called
the "Equity Co-operative Associa
tion of Malta" In the story.
(Federated Press)
While the Los Angeles Chamber of
Commerce and the Merchants & Man
ufacturers Assn, strove to break un
ions and keep this city an open shop
one, the taxpayers paid the bill.
>Sen. Robert M. LaFollette of the
senate civil liberties committee drew
this adm,s t 8 h ion fron ' reluctant I w ' t -
the M. & M. a., told the committee
that the p u 'p° 8 ® of his organization
was to maintain the open shop in
Los Angeles." He added: "That's
been its sole aim and purpose since
it was founded in 1896!" Franklin
Cole, head of the chamber's industrial,
division, testified that the chamber
worked closely with the M. & M. A.
Prof. Paul Dodd of the economics
department of the University of Cali
fornia at Los Angeles exploded the
hoary myth that the unions have made
San Francisco a "ghost town."
"The frequently reiterated claims
that the open shop is a source of
prosperiy in Los Angeles and that the
activities of unions are making San
Francisco a 'ghost city' do not seem
here. Testimony disclosed
that the city board of supervisors in
1938 and 1939 turned ove >' $470,250 to
the Chamber of Commerce in support
of its activities.
Fred R. Fysh, general manager of
to be borne out by the indices of
business activities in the two cities
since 1929." He quoted figures to
show that in San Francisco workers
average $30 a week, in Los Angeles
$27, and they work 2 to 3 hours a
week longer in Los Angeles.
William P. (Red) Hynes, former
chief of the city's red squad, told of
his activities on the San Pedro water
front during the strike of 1934 and in
the 1936 lockout.
"The city of Los Angeles returned
(Continued on Page Four)
WINDSOR, Conn.—(FP)—The plight
of the vast army of part-time field
hands thrown out of work every fall
when the season ends on the tobi: coo
plantations of the Connecticut valley
was demdnstrated when two tobacco
workers were found, badly frozen and
starving, in a hay barn on the now
deserted American Sumatra Co.'s
plantation here, where they had for
merly worked. One died from ex
posure shortly afterward.
Neither of the workers had a home
or any means of livelihood during the
winter. The survivor said they bad
applied tor relief in Windsor Locks
when the season closed, but were ord
ered out of town as undesirable char
acters. Town authorities indignantly
denied this report.
During a cold spell the men had
crawled into the barn, relying on
cheap whisky to keep them warm.
They awoke from a sound sleep and
found their limbs frozen. Trapped in
the deserted barn about 300 feet from
the road, the two men had remained
there during four or five of the cold
est days of the winter.
Visit Washington
To Seek U. Sc Aid
(Federated Press)
Twenty-five delegates from southern
sharecroppers headed south again on
January 17 after petitioning for fed
eral aid and discussing their plight
at a two-day cotton conference, called
by the United Cannery Agricultural
Packing & Allied Workers (CIO).
The Rev. Owen H. Whitfield, negro
minister and labor organizer, told an
audience of 250 that "these represent
atives in congress from the south
don't represent us."
"So. doggone it, we've come to
represent ourselves," he continued.
"They ve just built a new highway
u P * nt0 Washington and from now on
we're going to use it plenty." Fellow
delegates, mostly negroes, interrupted
"Amen!", "Sho-nuff!" and "Yea-man!"
Whitfield and his wife were invited
to the White House by Mrs. Eleanor
Roosevelt, who conferred with them
for half an hour on sharecropper prob
lems. The southern minister is re
membered for his leadership of the
1,600 evicted sharecroppers who
camped along U. S. highway 61 in
Missouri a year ago, attracting the
attention of the nation.
Joe Hart, another leader of the
croppers, told how his son was framed
and jailed by plantation owners after j
arranging for protests against evic
tions. The boy was finally freed
through the efforts of the UCAPAW,
which fought the case to the state
supreme court.
The Ku Klux Klan rides in the
daytime, Hart said. "They ride
through the fields, all dressed up in
white, and they scatter notices telling
what's going to happen to us if we
don't leave unions alone," he related.
"Well, we wait until it gets dark, and
then we go around with our own
Pres. Donald Henderson of the
UCAPAW thanked the delegates for
(Continued on Page Four)
tf!»TIMA 11W riuAniHA
State Board Hears Simmons' Supporters
Testify to His Good Qualities and Disclaim
Any Interference With Their Departments
by the University Head.
After hearing a mass of testimony from most reputable wit
nesses that Simmons had failed as administrator of the affairs
of the University, the board of education towards the end of
last week began hearing of testimony "for the defense." The
Simmons' supporters generally denied the allegations of pre
vious witnesses whose testimony had reflected severely
Simmons' abilities as an executive.
It seemed
almost too good to be true when, at
the outbreak of the present European
war, our newspapers warned with a
would involve the U. S. Some skepti
cal people said then; "Wait—and
watch the editorial columns."
The tide now has turned. The pub
lishers aren't yet speaking in words of
one syllable, but the meaning is plain
enough. The New York World-Tele
gram (Scripps-Howard) chides Amer
ica for offering the Finns bread in
stead of stones—1. e„ munitions.
The New York Herald Tribune, in
an editorial entitled, "Should We Help
the Finns?" works up to the point in
a final paragraph: "Real help to Fin
land of course, tend to emphasize our
interest in democratic victory. Com
mitting us to nothing, It might, how
ever, lead us more readily to ask our
selves whether that interest would not,
if need ever arose, compel us to make
greater sacrifices to insure that vic
tory. One can only say that if the need
does arise this is a question which is
going to face us urgently, whatever
we do or do not do about the Finns."
Stripped of the "ifs," "mights,"
"howevers" and other camouflage, the
Herald Tribune editorial would stand
as a naked statement of the question:
"Should the Ü. S. get into the Europe
an war?"
Of course the reader won't find such
candor at this stage. The publishers
feel that they must educate the people
one step at a time. This Is the stage
where the editorial writer speaks of
"greater sacrifices" Instead of what
(Continued on Page Four)
Violence of 1934
Probed by Civil
(Federated Press)
The wanton killing of two striking
farm workers in the rich Imperial val
ley In 1934 was described to the La
Follette committee here, as the com
mittee dug further into the activities
of the Associated Farmers.
The unarmed workers were shot
down when 179 deputized vigilantes
attacked a picket line at the Wahl
packing shed. "The deaths were the
result of undestrained deputizing and
arming of strikebreakers," declared
Joseph Casey, western representative
of the AFL.
Brig. Gen.
former police commissioner of Wash
ington, D. C., and now a ranch operat
or In Arizona, told of his experiences
as a labor conciliator for the U. S. De
partment of Labor. He was sent to
the Imperial valley in 1934.
Questioned by Sen. Robert M. La
Follette (Prog., Wls.) and Sen. Elbert
D.Thomas (D. Utah), Glassford said
that local authorities did "nothing to
check the outbreaks of violence." His
own work was handicapped, Glassford
said, because the Associated Farmers
detailed stooges to follow him, see
who visited his hotel room, and keep
rack of his telephone calls.
Glassford also described the kidnap
ping of A. L. Wlrln, attorney for the
Pelham D. Glassford
American Civil Liberties Union. Wlr
in had come to El Centro to address
a workers' meeting. He was seized in
(Continued on Page Four)
Two Wage-Hour
Inspectors On
in Montana
Two full time inspectors have been
assigned to duty in Montana by the
wage-hour administration. Horace
Russell with headquarters in Billings
will handle the work in the eastern
part of the state and W. G. Maloney,
well known in Montana will have
charage of the work in the western
The regional office of the adminis
tration is in 406 Postoffice building
In Minneapolis with L. A. Hill in
charge. All questions pertaining to
the wage-hour act and its administra
tion can be sent to that office by
either employes or employers, in case
one of the inspectors cannot be 1m»
mediately reached.
Monday Simmons'
took the stand late in the day to de
fend himself against the many charges
which previously had laid at his door.
Practically all of his testmony on
Monday was devoted to a "hard luck"
story of the shortage of funds pro
vided for the institution. He also in
ferred that much of the dissatisfaction
of the faculty had its root in the short
Before Simmons took the stand,
Francis Peterson, treasurer of the
state board of pharmacy testified that
of 19 graduates of the pharmacy
school who took the state board of
pharmacy tests in June, 1939, only
eight passed. Had not the faculty mem
bers whose resignations have been
demanded, been presented by Attor
ney Walter Altken of Bozeman, this
statement by Peterson would have
probably become an unchallenged
part of the records of the board hear
ing. Mr. Aitken's cross-examination of
Peterson developed that a second ex
amination was given those that failed,
and a total of 14 of the 19 had passed.
Sid J, Coffee, Missoula business
man testified that it was his opinion
that Simmons' had "inherited" many
of he university's difficulties from the
regime of his predecessor, Dr. Clapp.
As an instance of his reasons for this
he cited that Dr. Clapp had at one
time been disturbed by the activities
of Dr. Lenness and Dr. Merrlam not
directly connected with their work.
Later, however, Dr. Clapp had become
reconciled and had stated that the
probabilities were that the achieve
(Contlnued on Page Four)
While I haven't been disturbed by
any Insistent clamour that I break
out with another screed for this great
family journal, and your editor seems
to have had no difficulty in filling
space, I rather feel that if I let more
than two weeks slide by without writ
ing something, the editor might think
I had developed a chronic attack of
what seems to be the usual malady
of Jake who prowls the capitol cor
ridors in your fair city and state.
Not knowing him, I can't decide
whether he should be in a homo for
the aged or for inebriates.
Having paid this compliment to my
esteemed colleague, perhaps it might
be well to get on with what l Intended
to talk about, which is the group of
avowed aspirants for the top political
job in our great nation.
First I might make it clear that if
1 happen to discuss more republicans
than democrats, it isn't because I
like them better; it's only because
they seem to me to have more news
value. I have been observing these
democrats and republicans for more
years than I care to tell, and I have
come to the conclusion that from the
standpoint of policies and convictions,
it would be pretty hard to tell one
from the other. It strikes me it's
more a question of who is in and who
is out. Both the republicans and the
democrats build themselves a nice
platform to ride into office on and
then discard the useless thing. To
examine one of those platforms, you'd
think every plank in it was made up
of sympathy with the busted farmers,
the jobless workers and all other bums
—that have votes. But we know, of
course, that this is just legitimate
have to take care of business so that
ft can make profit and that this is
the first job of the statesmen. But
the average dumb worker don't seem
to get- that idea at all, so the states
men to get into the job with the votes
of these bums have to feed them a
lot of salve.
I've seen a lot of presidential cam
paigns pass into history, and I've seen
a lot of early candidates for the job
of president in thesç campaigns fade
out of the picture, and the same thing
will probably happen this coming cam
paign. But we surely have a high
powered bunch to pick from now.
Outstanding among the democrats
are of course "Pecan Jack" Garner
and that beautiful answer to a maid
en's prayer, McNutt,
been getting some "honorable men
tion" but no sensible man would go
for a red like he is, and there are
going to be quite a few sensible chaps
at the democratic national convention.
Their interest will center more on fel
lows like Garner and McNutt who
know how to handle working stiffs
who are "too big for their britches."
Among the republicans they are all
outstanding. You can just shut your
eyes and grab any one of them and
you can't go wrong. There's Hoover,
(Continued on Page Four)
Jackson has

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