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THE PEOPLE'S VOICE
Published Weekly by The People's Voice Publishing Co. at 1206 Lockey Street, Helena, Montana P. O. Box 838 Application for entry as Second Class Matter pending. CO., HELENA, MONT. H. S. BRUCE. Managing Editor CO-OP PUBLISHING Subscription Price: Year $1.00; Six Months 75c. No Commercial Advertising except from Co-operative Business institu tions accepted. Rates on application. CONFERENCES Forecasting the probable outcome of any state-wide confer ence is certainly a rash undertaking because so many unfore seen things may arise that may have a bearing on the final re sults. Therefore, the safe answer to a question if there may be tangible, beneficial results obtained from the state youth unemployment conference, sponsored by the National Youth Administration, would be "Yes—and no." There are certain tangible values in just the assembling of a representative group from all over the state for the discus sion of an existing problem; serves to call the attention of the general public to the problem; acts to check to some degree their fatalistic and apathetic neglect of its existence and con sider possible solutions. It is always interesting to sit in on conferences of this nature, and to get a cross-section of thought, whether from adults or from youth, Usually one leaves one of these conferences with a feeling of depression, the same in all of them, from those attending, whether the problem it is proposed to consider, actually exists, and after the existence of the problem is affirmed the time for discussion of its solution has been quite drastically curtailed. In this particular conference which is being held today, the question of unemployment of youth is to be discussed. Actual ly, of course, this is only one phase of the greater problem of general unemployment, the existence of which no one denies. Thus it would appear sensible to admit the youth unemploy ment problem and begin immediate discussion of solutions and remedies. In the case of unemployment of youth, undoubtedly great stress will be placed on the need for extension of vocational education. great merit, but one may question whether in this day and age it may be considered of any tremendous advantage, in assuring youth jobs and income after leaving school. Lack of oppor tunity for employment in this mechanized age is largely attri butable to replacement of men by machines. Finally it is, of course, due to the fact that we have refused and are still re fusing to increase our production; to eliminate the profit mo tive and to produce the abundance for all which the machine age has placed within our reach. There will be those in attendance at this conference who could offer sound advice on the proper approach to the solu tion of the unemployment problem. Many of the leaders in the program of the National Youth Administration are able to put their finger on the root of the problem and its only possi ble solution. However, it may be fairly safely predicted that the only thing that will result from the conference will be some possible, even though improbable, methods of relieving some of the suffering. No drastic cure for the disease will be even suggested. For this no one is particularly to blame. Suppose some of The general course of discussion runs First, an effort is made to find out This always takes considerable time, ■ ! Unquestionably vocational education possesses the leaders would "stick their necks out," analyze the problem realistically and propose efforts to revamp our economy so as to eliminate the need for further conferences of this character. It may be stated with absolute certainty that the net results would be an addition to the ranks of the unemployed. These leaders would be there very shortly, along would continue merrily on. And the blundering PROPAGANDA AND FREE SPEECH The arrest by the F. B. I. of many leaders of the "Christian Front" and the close connection with this propaganda organ ization of Father Coughlin, leading Fascist propagandist of this country, finally is only one more item of proof of the efforts being constantly carried on to undermine and event ually wipe out all of our democratic institutions. These arrested leaders of the "Christian Front" had become overbold, and had, like the Fascist elements in France, begun the assembling of arsenals with which to "take over" by force, the governmental functions of our country. By doing this, they had written the end of their organization as an openly organized unit. On Monday of this week, there came to the desk of the writer, a four-page paper published in Atascadero, Calif or-( nia, with the high-sounding title "America Speaks" on its This is one of the newest publications of these It follows the usual pattern of propaganda; front page. Fascist groups. thunders against the Jews and employs all of the other "bait phrases" about "international bankers" who are also classi fied as "Jew communists." It announces its high mission to save America from the threats of dangers impending from strikes and other disturb ances engendered by the "subversive" groups and to awaken the people by mass circulation of this sheet, through distribu tion by sympathetic persons, to the dangers of continuation of the present policies of government. It must be remembered in appraising the operations of all ox these groups that all of their activities involve the expendi tures of large sums of money; such sums as cannot possibly be obtained from collecting the small contributions of the so called "common people." They must be financed to a large extent by short-sighted interests who have deluded themselves into thinking that by financing these movements and distribu tion of propaganda sheets, such as the one referred to, they may be able to direct the unrest of large groups of people caused by the economic breakdown to their interests; secure enough popular support to destroy such democratic institu tions as are enjoyed at present and institute an autocracy whereby they hope to save a crumbling economic system under which they have enjoyed complete rights to exploit. Some very delicate questions are involved in the discussion of propaganda sheets like "America Speaks." Fundamental ly involved is the constitutional right of free public expres sion. Suppression cannot be advocated. None of them may be said to advocate overthrow of our government. They all proclaim fulsomely their patriotic intent and purposes. The only danger in them lies in their appeal to the tremendously large groups of people in our land who are discontented, rest less, and lack knowledge and understanding to analyze the fundamental reasons for their plight and are therefore ready to follow and adopt any form of demagoguery that promises With human hopefulness they think that any a change, change must remedy their plight. The real answer is the development of sound understanding of the issues involved, so that changes may be brought about by democratic processes as a result of informed public opinion. YOUTH S STRUGGLE By BEN BUCKLEY I have never seen the facts of edu cation brought out so clearly as they were today by the youth of Montana. By listening to a youth talk one could tell just how far his education in facts had developed since his school days. trend of thoughts that he had been taught to follow by our school system. This class of youth was lost in the maze of political economics, groping in the dark for something beyond their reach, standing on false ideas and worshipping false idols, dreaming beautiful dreams of the future that are unobtainable under our present sys tem. Our present school system has instilled into the minds of our youth that hard work, loyalty to the indus tries and a lot of faith In their ability to do things either with their hands or brains and they will reach the peak of success in a monetary way. Of | course it is cruel and unjust to teach children untruths that their very life depends upon. It is an unfair advan tage to take of them just in order to prolong a system that has decayed and is ready to fall apart. To teach unsound economics is vicious at any time. It showed very clearly the There was a group of youths from Great Falls and the northern part of the state that saved the day and the reputation of the youth of Montana with their sound knowledge of the hard facts of economics as they ac tually are. They gave to me and many others an unexpected thrill and a realization that perhaps with that kind of timber in the making the battle for the rights of mankind would be worth while continuing. I noticed that the unenlightened youth talked in terms of individualism of his per sonal chances to succeed in life if he were properly trained, never realizing that there mjght be thousands of others to compete with for that one job. When it comes to the question of placing these youths in future jobs then certainly the people as a whole of this country must be taken into consideration. Work is a minor fac tor without consumption, little sense in producing a commodity unless someone has the means to con sume it. And it seems that is one thing that we as a nation of workers are forbidden to do. Industries under the profit system will never be able (even if they wanted to, which they don't) to employ all the workers at any scale of wages, let alone on a standard of decency and health. It has never been done in the history of the world, even when man produced with hand tools, and now we are in the machine age where one machine does the work of hundreds of work ers. Every industrial plant employs machines, not men. Even your white collar office workers are put back on to the street in favor of mechanical devices that are more accurate and faster than the human being, time no doubt will come when the machine will supplant man' in all .lines of work. Will the people, then de mand the profits of the machines or shall we still compete for the half There is The The meeting of youth at the Capitol building today was a fine thing. Every one got their ideas into circulation and I am sure that there were some of the youths that came there that left with new thoughts in their heads that they had never known existed before. About six years ago there was a graph compiled showing how the business of this country, most of the land and the natural resources are owned and controlled by the Chase National Bank of New York inter locked with the money powers of im perialist Europe. A few men at the head of this powerful monopoly have more power than congress could ever hope for in their wildest dreams. With a scratch of the pen they can call a money panic, standard of living of the people. They tell the people when they can work and how much they shall receive, and what they shall be taught in our schools. Of course a system that has its warehouses bulging with food stuff They control the Congressional Oratory to Center On Agreements b WASHINGTON, D. C.—(FP)—Since no major legislation is ordinarily con sidered by congress in an election year, political leaders in both camps expect that the chief debate on farm matters will center around the recip rocal trade agreement program which expires on June 12th. Roosevelt has already asked congress to extend the trade agreements act for another three year period. The original act, passed in 1934, was for a three year period, and the ex tension voted by congress in 1937 was for a like period. A preview of congressional argu ments pro and con indicates no seri ous departures or innovations. The only such attempt in recent weeks came from Senator McNary (R) who charged that the trade of the United States with France, the United King dom, and Canada had suffered be cause of wartime currency deprecia tion, which the trade agreements can not counter, molished this argument however by showing that exports to these nations have increased sharply since the for eign currencies became cheaper. Both Wallace and McNary argued in terms of total exports without giv ing a breakdown of farm and non farm items. Since the increase in ex ports has affected war materials al most exclusively and since it is of ficially expected that "normal" ex ports including foodstuffs will be sac rificed for the more urgent war orders, it seems evident that the trade agree ments themselves can be credited neither with the recent general in crease in exports nor with the de creases in particular items of farm exports. President Secretary Wallace de ready to be consumed and 16,000,000 people on the verge of starvation and millions of others fighting for the op portunity to produce more for the priv ilege of just existing, a system of that kind is just as crazy as hell and is not workable, now or ever. If youth expects to ever receive their rights s human beings and live a full, nor mal life with the right to a family and home on a standard of decency and health, then they must go Into the inner workings of this system and remodel it to fit the day. Trespassing— (Continued From Page One) Administration . . . Rep. Coffee, Wash ington, believes that the federal oil control bill (H. R. 7372) would "lead to monopoly rather than true con servation." The proposed measure would effect those states that have not already passed matching acts to the Connally "hot oil" bill. Since republicans have raised ob jections to government departments employing publicity men, what will they say when they find out that the Smith NLRB investigating committee has gone in for that very thing in a big way? columnists who have been criticizing him are members of "subversive or ganizations" that his Mr. Dies says that been Investigating. Why doesn't he expose them and the "subversive or ganizations" to which they belong? . . . Many a relief client could be fed by Uncle Sam for the cost to the gov ernment in printing Representative Thorkelson's Silvershirt speeches. An "Okie" Protests Speaking as the son of an "Okie." (an Oklahoma tenant farmer) Rep. Boren, Oklahoma, declared that John Steinbeck's novel, "The Grapes of Wrath," is a "black. Infernal creation of a twisted, distorted mind." Steinbeck's novel deals with the eco nomic plight of the tenant farmers of the Dust Bowl, the scene being laid in Rep. Boren's home state. "I stand before you today as an example, in my judgment, of the aver age son of the tenant farmers in America," Boren told his colleagues in the House. He failed to say, how ever, that he can purchase a whole lot more grub with the $10,000 a year plus mileage he receives from his gov ernment than can "the average son of the tenant farmers in America." * • » Are We Heading Towards A Gestapo? Are we developing a Gestapo in the This question was asked by Representative Marcantonlo, New York, following testimony by Ed gar Hoover, FBI chief, that the Bureau has compiled indices of "Individuals or groups who might be a source of grave danger to the security of this country" jn the event "that we eater into the conflict abroad." United States? The New York congressman sus pects that persons are being indexed because they happen to have views "contrary to the views of Mr. Hoover," and fears that a foundation is being laid "for Palmer raids, for a Palmer system, and for a Gestapo system in the United States." "This innova tics in the FBI" Marcantonio says, "is the index-card menace to Amer ican liberty." * Philly "Skirts" Need Not Apply On the House floor; , Rep. Charles I. Faddis, Pa., "We are deeply concerned about the con cern of the gentleman (Mr. Dltter) from the outskirts of Philadelphia . . ." Rep. J. W. Ditter, Pa., "I recent that reference to skirts. I have nothing whatever to do with the outskirts of Philadelphia, nor with the skirts of Philadelphia, for that matter. I rep resent the county of Montgomery." Rep. Faddis, "Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent to withdraw the words, 'outskirts of Philadelphia,' and to substitute therefor 'the county of Montgomery,' which we understand is out of debt entirely on account of the public works relief program of the administration in Washington." * There are at least some people who are concerned over the problems of youth. A representative in the Illinois legislature has announced that he will introduce a state youth bill, which will include the setting up of an agency to study the needs of young people, schools, job opportunities, etc. A similar measure is being drawn up by youth leaders and legislators in New York state. Liberals In Minne sota tried for several years to put through a state youth act, but a con servative-controlled legislature always frustrated their efforts. Significant Court Opinion In a decision upholding the govern ment in an injunction action brought by a number of California citrus as sociations to prevent enfrocement of the fair labor standards (wage-hour) act. Judge Yankwich of the United States district court made the follow ing pertinent observations: "Back of this controversy is what may readily be conceded to be a rad ical departure in the realm of Ameri can federal government activity—con trol working conditions, hours and wages—by the federal government through the power to control Inter state commerce, the 'fair labor stan dards act of 1938.' "Federal legislation is giving rec ognition to the relentlessness of facts. The interest of the general good, the need to equalize oppor tunities, and to prevent oppression, have led to interference on the part of the state. The state is becoming an instrument of social welfare." Incidentally, Ivan "The Terrible" McDaniel was one of the lawyers rep resenting the plaintiff. Ivan has been Washington representative for the agriculture producers' labor commit tee. the legislative arm of the so-called Associated Farmers, which is now be ing investigated by the LaFollette civil liberties committee. SOCIAL WORKERS STATE PRINCIPLES In the mailbox of every congress man recently there was placed an interesting and important document. It was the statement of principles drawn up by the editorial board of Social Work Today, an organ of pro fessional social workers, and signed by 76 national and local leaders in social work. On the basis of this statement of principles discussion will be started in the numerous social work organi zations existing all over the country. It consisted of seven points. They were: 1. "There is a very tangible corre lation between unsatisfied social and economic need and the decision of a people to go to war .... 2. "The wars in Europe and Asia supply no real economic basis for the discontinuance or reduction of any of the public and priVate social services now being offered the American peo pie. 3. "Existing social and civil services must not be geared into a military Any program relating to program. military preparation should be pre sented as such to the American peo ple. 4. "The most earnest consideration should be given to effective legislation for taking the profits out of war .... 5. "Civil rights must be jealously guarded in this period. Implicit In the tendency to limit free speech, free assembly, free press and the freedom of political opinion in times of stress, is a cynicism about the democratic process. 6. "Social workers are willing, of course, to offer assistance, as they have always done, to war s victims. But they consider the prevention of war to be of infinitely greater im portance than such ministration after the event. 7. "Social work has always been committed to a program of positive education for democratic living . . . ." IT'S A GREAT SYSTEM By JOHN PAINE (Federated Press) So far as the reactionary Demo crats are concerned, they hope the 1940 convention will be Garner with the Wind. • • • Write Your Own Ticket A new organization in Seattle wants to give two votes to every homeowner against one for non-property owners. That's not enough protection for the have-class. We suggest: 5 votes for every citizen who owns a Cadillac. 10 votes for every employer, with a bonus of 10 more votes if he runs a non-union shop. 25 votes for every citizen who will sign an affidavit that Roosevelt has ♦ * • This department begs to acknowl edge receipt of Donald R. Richberg's pamphlet, The Mexican Oil Seizure, sent us with the compliments of W. S. Parish, president of the Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey. Somebody in Standard Oil is «going to catch hell for omitting the union label. ♦ Mining News Miners in Butte, Mont., are prepared to start silver mining operations in their own union. They're going to extract a half-dol lar fine for every month's delay in paying union dues. When an Ohio local of the Ameri can Newspaper Guild nominated West brook Pegler for Guild president after the deadline for nominations has passed, a copyreader on The New York Post found a still better gag for his head on the AP story: GUILD PRESIDENCY DECLINES PEGLER. Mystery Story There should be something funny to say about the South Dakota man who got a haircut without removing his hat, but the best we can suggest is that the customer probably had nothing to conceal. ♦ Labor unions in Philadelphia are raising a ruckus because of a 1.5% tax on wages to balance the budget for a corrupt city administration. In France, however, the unions are politely accepting a 15% tax. What a whale of a difference a little war makes. * • Wild Life Now that the plight of starving ducks on the ice-bound marshes of Long Island has been alleviated by Ducks Unlimited Inc., we'd like to see a few loaves of bread scattered to the unemployed. The objection is, we suppose, that under present laws there is no open season when the food value of the ! jobless could be utilized by sports 1 men. ' « A pamphlet produced by LaFollette committee investigators in Los An geles contained a warning by an em ployer agent that if strikebreakers didn't get better treatment, "they might even organize." Isn't there anybody a boss can trust? The American Way From the employer's standpoint, it might be a good idea to have the scabs and finks in a union, operating under written contract. Thus the International Association of Rats & Kindred Animals could be required to guarantee that its mem bers would not pocket more than 50% of the fares in bus strikes, or carry home more than $1,000 worth of com pany property per man. DEMAND THE UNION LABEL ! r « J A NEW FRONTIER ». By RICHARD LAKE When the depression began thos« of us who had discovered Marx and fancied ourselves communists found ourselves enjoying a position of stead ily increasing prestige among our fel lows. We were almost alone in our ability to speak of calamity and dis aster in rational terms and without invoking an apparently deep-lying fear of the "twilight of civilization." We knew why the thing had happened, and we had remedies. Simple, prac tical, carefully-planned remedies. Our joy and confidence in our remedies placed us in another exclusive minor ity; we were among the few who saw something besides doom in the black clouds of economic catastrophe. We saw a chance to rebuild the world, and do it right this time. Our being communists had as its most noticeable effect the enhance ment of our own self-esteem, were in the know. We had our feet on the ground. We had courage and vision, and a sure critical analysis that pierced contemporary fogs where the wisdom of others failed. We were in the vanguard of the great historical movement that would bring man for ward "from the kingdom of necessity" and allow him to function in his true status as a civilized animal. Those of us who were very young and very dogmatic (as I was) felt We our on road that led toward the goal of hu man progress. If you cannot under stand what that feeling meant to con fused youth at the close of the Tumul tous Twenties, you have been very little aware of the dynamics of our age. Even now, after the Threadbare Thirties (and perhaps because we have lived so long with uncertainty that we have become accustomed to it), there is no such naive groping as there was in 1929. We face the Futile Forties with something close to con fidence. Experience has been an effi cient, even if rough, teacher. But then we were naive. We knew even less of economics than we know now, and much less than the pitiful fragments we have by now learned about ourselves. Our study of Marx ism contributed nothing to either fund. With loud glad yelps we set out to remake the world in the name of Marx as interpreted by Lenin and Stalin. We were the most intensely sectarian persons imaginable, and the most intolerant. No slightest devia tion from the line could escape an exhaustive analysis and denunciation. No good Intentions, no tentative or experimental works would suffice; ours was a salvation based strictly upon faith. The reader will be aware of my ob vious generalizations. Few of my friends or- acquaintances actually joined the party. Many took part in social service or public agency work; some in actual political organization. But many more, like myself, came no closer to actual radical organizing or progressive movements than the de bates and bull sessions which we held incessantly among ourselves. We were, of course, for from great indus really went on, and the experience I am describing may seem a trifle ridic ulous. Yet I think I have a point in describing it. The truth is that all of us who were eager to the "communists" were poor in some important respect; and for that poverty our identification with "communism" seemed to compensate adequately. Perhaps we had a tough time getting a job; or we had a deep seated sense of social inferiority; or we were starved emotionally; or we had no place to Invest our energies except dull routine; or the hypocrisy and ignorance of our public leaders was too sickening to endure. None of these poverties was to our discredit, for we shared them in some degree with all other Americans. We wanted something done. So did millions of other American. But they performed the routines of compensation in other, less conspicuous movements. I cannot claim to have threaded the labyrinth of propaganda and slain the minotaur of self-delusion at its center, and so won freedom. I was only aware finally that with all our ap parently inexhaustible vigor in cham pioning the cause of the proletariat and of human justice, we were doing nothing about what was to all of us the most important of all problems: ourselves. It was well that I was far removed from actual radical activities or I should have had to wait for the pact between Stalin and Hitler to come to my senses. At least many I did was to become gradually and shamefacedly aware of my dishonesty and of the confusion of my loyalties. I had the help of a great and wise man. Because his advice was not en tirely original with him, but was com pounded of many wisdoms all along the line, I shall not quote him as an oracle. He would not like it anyhow. He taught me that what counts is not the content of men's ideas but where those ideas came from and what gave them birth. The new frontier is the conquest of self, he said, and all re volutions will fail until we have done not mean that we should try God. I But his remarks set me to reviewing the communist religion, with its bible, its theology, its god, its hierarchy, its devil, and its hell. I am aware, as many of my radical contemporaries seem not to be, of the that job. The man was not a priest. He did danger of analogies. Nevertheless I believe that my experience and the experience of those I have observed helps to illustrate the experience of America. America was young, arro gant, dogmatic; she suffered from many poverties and much poorly har monized growth. America heard the challenge of communism, and many more of her citizens than will ever admit found themselves inspired by the hope of leveling class privilege, of living their lives in common, of planning their inexhaustibly rich econ omy so that no one should know Communism was so dramatic want. and noisy, and it hit us at a time when we were so wretchedly bewild ered that we forgot how many similar dreams we had cherished from other creeds; from Mormonlsm, from the Populists, from the Founding Fathers. Does anyone want an illustrative analysis of communist propaganda? It is too easy. Take your little tools and whittle it out for yourselves. They have always been excessive in name calling, but of late years they have become expert at transfer, glittering generality, testimonial, and card stack ing. Most obvious of their transfer devices is the famous slogan, "Com munism is twentieth-century Ameri canism." Card stackisg is the tech nique of all their front organizations, whose doings and declarations they are loud to praise in support of their objective of the moment. It is also evident in their selectivity in publish ing the news of the world while at the same time denouncing the kept press. But while making hay of communist propaganda, try to remember that here is only one of the more spectac ular illustrations of a widespread mis conception about people in general. That is the belief that a change of power can build a new society on an enduring basis while at the same time maintaining unchanged the essential orientation of its people. If you sub stitute the democratic party for the republican party, what have you done? If you substitute the dictatorship of great wealth for the dictatorship of the proletariat, what have you done? You have changed the forms and ig nored the content. Your people will continue to oppose the evil to the good and bind themselves in further chains of propaganda. Qpe group will con tinue to exploit another. And the in dividual will continue to waste in shame and ignorance and hatred. I do not mean to disparage the ef forts of groups in their daily strug gles tor betterment. I say that our long-range thôught and our leadership must be based on a more profound knowledge of ourselves, continue to have Dies committees (and remember that we are all respon sible for the Dies committee) so long as we have poverties in our national life and communisms to issue brilliant and specious challenges. We shall Coast Employers Oppose Aid for Migratory Workers By KARL BARRON (Federated Press) Joint opposition by the Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce and the Asso ciated Farmers to administration of the wage-hour law and the Farm Se curity program was brought to light as the LaFollette committee questioned representatives of both groups in a crowded courtroom here. On the stand at one time were Howard A. Miller of the agriculture department of the chamber of com merce, ex-Pres. Bishop Associated Farmers'" of California, Pres. John Watson, Treas. Henry Strobel and Exec. Sec. Harold Pom eroy, all of the A. F. Questioning by Sen. Robert M. La Follette and Sen. Elbert D. Thomas revealed that big employers of farm labor oppose adequate relief because seasonal laborers will not leave relief rolls to harvest corps at wages the farmers care to pay. The employers advocated return to relief administra tion by county agencies. Chief objection to the wage-hour law was the interpretation of exempt "agricultural labor." Strobel testified that the perishability of many Cali fornia crops made it advisable to in terpret the act so loosely that all workers involved in the process from harvesting to marketing be consid ered farm laborers, elude pickers, teamsters, packing house laborers and warehousemen. When questioning turned to the FSA migratory camps, Bishop said: "These camps have sometimes become infested with agitators to the degree that residents in the camps have asked Associated Farmers to help get rid of them because farmers were not coming there any more for work ers." He would in All witnesses agreed that the vast surplus of agricultural labor was a "serious problem." James Wood, ex pert for the investigating committee, testified that there are four workers for every available job. work a year was all the employing farmers could offer the average labor er, and denied that low wages were the reason for labor trouble in Cali fornia. The witness, who became no torious for his ruthless treatment of strikers during 'the Salinas lettuce strike of 1936, declared: "We have never refused to bargain with our workers." Discussing the living conditions of migrants, Miller said the type of homes the migrants left ln dustbowl areas had set a bad precedent. "Migrants brought conditions of life which were deplorable," Miller said. "And is it difficult to get them to accept better conditions ?" LaFollette asked, "That has been the caso," Miller re turned. "However," he added hesi tantly, "I can see some good to come from these people." Though the Associated Farmers were treated by LaFollette as expert witnesses, they showed a pathetic lack of understanding of the problems facing agriculture. They rejected the efforts of the federal government to ameliorate the plight of the migrant laborers through the Farm Security Administration, relief and other activ ities. But they had no constructive program to submit as an alternative. Into the record went statements by the employer group, denying that housing conditions were inadequate, that there was a scarcity of sanitary facilities. "Health facilities have never been a problem in this area," corroborated Miller, blandly.