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-✓A% r y JC <v THE PEOPLE'S VOICE Economic Justice and Equality Is the Real Safeguard of De mocracy. Lack of These Is a Challenge to the Intelligence and Sincerity of All. Democracy Cannot Endure Un der Economic Systems Which Cause Hunger, Cold*, Poor Housing and Unemployment to Millions. HELENA, MONTANA, JUNE 5, 1940 Vol. L—No. 27 Price Five Cents MURRAY HOPES RIDER TO RELIEF APPROPRIATION BILL CAN BE BLOC iD o' S Support Developed in Senate expropria tions Committee for Amendr *£.ts to Bill As Passed by House Which 1 ?ild Elimi J nate Restrictions on Using F * Funds for Loans to Co-operatives. A telegram from Senator James E. Murray, received last Friday strikes a hopeful note of support in the senate for amendments to eliminate the obnoxious rider to the work re lief appropriations bill, which would have prohibited the loan by the Farm Security Administration of any funds to farmers for the purpose of purchasing stock in co-operatives. The senator states that Senator Adams of Colorado and Senator Nye of North Dakota,♦ both members of the senate appropriations committee whose hands the bill now amendments handling which will eliminate the ob noxious rider, before the bill reported out of the committee. Representatives of the Na tional Farmers Union had are meeting with Senator Murray last Friday morning and work ing with him, have been able to brighten the prospects of de feating the amendment. MONT. PROGRESSIVE COUNCIL TO MEET IN GREAT FALLS SUNDAY The Montana Progressive Coun cil will meet in the Eagle's hall In Great Falls next Sunday at 10 o'clock. delegates from organized farm and labor groups throughout the state is anticipated at the meeting. The records of candidates for state office will be studied and en dorsements of some of them are ex pected to be made on the basis of the findings of the council. The executive committee of the council will meet on Saturday to plan the program of the Sunday meeting, and interview such candi dates for state office as appear be fore the committee seeking sup port. A record attendance of TRESPASSING AT THE CAPITAL By A. I. HARRIS Labor Laws Appear Safe; "Sixth Column" Active Despite fears of some liberals to the contrary, there are no indications that the present congress will pass amendments to any labor law now on the statute books. Not that the anti-labor crowd has undergone any change of heart, that they have, in the interest of na tional defense, accepted the status quo as regards labor. They are not quite that patriotic. It is because the cards are stacked against them, strange as this may seem. Amendments to the Wagner nation al relations act were to have come up in the house last Tuesday, but regard less of what may have been the out come of Howard (Undertaker) Smith's efforts, they will be stymied if they have not already been. In recent conversation with a labor member of congress, this column is informed that Senator Thomas, Utah, chairman of the senate committee on education and labor, gave renewed as surances that his committee will not report out any anti-labor legislation Not regardless of what the house might do. As a result of the known position the - senate committee on education and labor, the senate majority, and the firm stand taken by President labor-haters such as Roosevelt, Georgia's Gene Cox, Michigan's Claire and Virginia's Howard Hoffman, Smith, while they continue their daily vicious outbursts, are banking on back-door strategy. They are trying to tack on amendments to various ap propriation bills to injure, or suspend, the operation of the Wagner, Wage Hour, and Waish-Healey acts, not likely that they are going to get very far with it. The real danger in the present hys terical situation rather, lies in attacks civil liberties and passage of anti alien legislation. While watching out for the "fifth column," many are warning that we had better keep at least one eye peeled on the "sixth the vigilante boys and their It is on column,' Ilk who get pretty active when there is a hysteria on. It is going to be a rather difficult problem to keep antl "fifth column" activities confined to courts and those charged with carry ing out the law. As was to have been expected, the anti-alien bloc—headed by Reynolds, North Carolina, in the senate, and Dies, Texas, and Hobbs and Starnes, Alabama, in the house—has taken on new life and is "out for the kill." This outfit believes in very little democracy for ordinary American citizens, and no democracy for the strangers in our nell during the 75th Congressional sessions, Kennedy organized the Con gressional Secretaries Guild and was KENNEDY FILES FOR LT. GOV. is a John E. Kennedy yesterday filed his petition for nomination to the office of lieutenant governor on the demo cratic ticket with the secretary of state. Kennedy, secretary to former Con gressman Jerry O'Connell during the 75th Congress, indicated his slogan would be "For increased employment, adequate old age pensions and end of corporation control." A journalist by profession, Kennedy has affiliated himself with the liberal democratic forces in the state. He is a member of the League of America Writers and was selected by the Eugene Field Society, a national hon orary author's and writer's associa tion, for their 1939 award for Mon tana. He was also included In the 1938-39 volume of America's Outstand ing Young Men. While in Washington with O'Con its first president. "While the office of lieutenant gov ernor is generally considered relative ly unimportant," Kennedy said he be lieved that "in view of present con ditions, the function of the lieutenant governor presiding over the state sen ate made it one of the more important offices in the ensuing election." His experience in Washington where he had close contact with national legis lation would, he said, give him an In sight into legislative necessities in Montana. Kennedy resides at Hamilton. midst. • * * Anti-New Deal Forces Encircled; Trap Sprung Encirclement of anti-new deal forces, both from within and without the Democratic party, is complete and the trap has been sprung. Only a miracle can now extricate them. Some republicans, like Senator Taft of Ohio and Thomas Dewey, continue to talk in a bellicose vein of a fight against the new deal in the forth coming elections "on domestic issues." That is admission that foreign issues will not enter the campaign. * * * NYA" Assumes Big Task In National Defense The job of training the bulk of me chanics for the country's expanded aviation program for national defense will likely fall to the NYA. NYA is all prepared to step right in and tackle the job in a big way. Plans for training about 600,000 me chanics and other skilled and semi skilled workers for aviation within a have been perfected. The NYA staff has been working night and day on these plans for several weeks. As a nucleus, NYA now has some 135,000 youths in various projects on wood-working and mechanical jobs, getting the kind of experience to fit them quite readily into the aviation program. These young people are em ployed in auto, radio, highway con struction machinery and vehicle repair shops, as well as wood-working shops. There also are 1,000 project workers actually engaged in aviation mechan ics, thanks to the Army which a year ago turned over more than a hundred old and obsolete airplanes to NYA. On all NYA projects, approximately 316,000 youths are employed, a large share of them doing clerical work of various sorts, these also could be fitted into tasks connected with aviation. It is estimated that an additional approval of approximately $100,000, 000 will be required to carry out pres ent plans. A large number of "Joker" Injures Farmer-Co-operatives At this writing, a fight is being organized in the Senate to remove a "joker" in the Farm Relief Bill (PSA) passed by the House which would pro hibit loans to aid in the setting up of farmer-co-operatives. The "joker" was inserted in House bill following testimony by two North Dakota businessmen, who said that government funds were being wasted on "white elephants"—meaning farm er - co-operatives — which themselves CO-OPS KEEP OIL PRICES DOWN REGINA, Sask.—(FP)—The prices of petroleum products continues to rise in all parts of Canada, except Saskatchewan. In this western pro vince prices have gone down three times since September 1 of last year. The reason isn't hard to find. Farmers and townspeople, as con sumers, own their own gas and oil stations—89 of them in the province. Together they own a co-operative wholesale and a co-operative refinery. Another refinery, more modern and more complete is now under construc tion at a cost of a quarter of a mil lion dollars. SUPREME COURT GRANTS JUSTICE MORE TIME Justice of the Peace A. J. White was granted until 10 o'clock, A. M. return, in the hearing held yesterday morning, on the writ of mandamus issued by the court, requiring the Jus tice of the peace to show cause why he has not proceeded to act on a com plaint made to him by R. A. Vanek, charging J. Burke Clements with vio lations of the corrupt practices act. A return was made by the justice to the Supreme court, but desiring to make a more complete return, he was granted the additional time. J. Burke Clements, associate for several years of Helena's reputed gambling czar and redlight landlord, George Cooney, in the operation of horse racing in Helena, is charged in the complaint made by Vanek with being a member of a political com mittee while holding an appointive state office in violation of the follow ing section of the state law: Sec. 10786 R. C. M. 1935: "No holder of a public position other than an office filled by the voters, shall be a delegate to a convention for the election district that elects the officer or board under whom he direct ]y or indirectly holds such position, nor shall he be a member of a polit leal committee for such district." The term "political committee" is defined In the statutes as follows: Section 10775 R. C. M. 1935: "Political Committee" shall apply to every combination of two or more per sons who shall aid or promote the success or defeat of a candidate, or a political party or principle, and the provisions of law relating thereto shall apply to any firm or partnership, or ay corporation, and to any club, or ganization or association or other com bination of persons whether incor porated or not, with similar purposes, whether primary or incidental." The complaint was made by Vanek to Justice of the Peace A. J. White on May 13, and when White indicated his intent not to act, a petition for a writ of mandamus was presented to the Supreme court, which issued the writ directed to the justice to show cause, returnable yesterday. PAUL T. KELLER FILES FOR OFFICE DISTRICT JUDGE Paul T. Keller, well known Helena attorney, filed yesterday with the sec retary of state his petition for nomi nation for district judge of the first judicial district of the state of Mon - ■ r f : I r: PAUL T. KELLER tana, comprising Broadwater and Lewis and Clark counties. At the age of 13 it became neces sary for Mr. Keller to earn his own living and by working in stores, mines, and hotels, put himself through four years of high school and seven years of college. He is a graduate of the University of Montana from which he has B. A. and L. L. B. degrees. Upon his graduation from the Mon tana law school Mr. Keller became associated with the late Judge Albert J. Galen, and upon his death took over the law practice which he has main tained'until the present time. Mr. Keller has been a resident of Montana since 1927; is a member of the Eagles lodge and the Active club. He is married and has one child and resides at 701 Logan street in Helena. DEMAND THE UNION LABEL ! AYERS' STOOGE USES TACTICS OF INTIMIDATION Employee Drawing Pay From Two Departments of the State But Keeping No Records of Work That He Does, Has Come Into Open With Proof of What His Job Actually Is. Reports from Helena labor leaders indicate that methods of coercion and threats are going to be employed by Ayers stooge employees to swing or ganized labor support for the re-elec tion of Ayers. These reports are that "Punk" Scofield, "labor co-ordinator" for the state highway commission and the water conservation board has made statements to various labor lead ers that unless support of the organ ized labor bodies for the re-election of Ayers became evident, no co-operation from the state could be expected to make contractors on highway con struction conform to organized labor standards of wages, hours and work ing conditions. During the last session of the state legislature when the committee in vestigating the highway commission's business methods discovered that "labor co-ordinator" was employed, an effort was made by the committee to determine the duties and perform ances of this functionary, but with little success. The committee made the following report on him: As to one particular office, that of Labor Co-ordinator, we feel that the supervision of this employee should be under the department of labor. We find that he has not made written re ports, that he has kept no records or files relating to his activities, and his testimony shows that his particular department costs the state of Montana approximately $550.00 per month. At the present time he is receiving a salary of $200.00 a month from the highway commission and $200.00 a month from the water conservation board, and in addition, subsistence while in the field at the rate of $4.00 per day together with the cost of transportation. This particular wit ness was unable to furnish the com mittee with any detailed and definite information of his past activities. We feel that he is being paid entirely too much, and this opinion was concurred in by the chief engineer of the high way commission. The present activities of this official clarifies the need of this particular state employee, among many others— for Ayers. ONLY ONE WAY TO SECURE PLENTY FOR ALL PEOPLE An optimist is one who sees the rosy side of the dark picture; but if he did not see and analyze the dark picture, his rosy view wouldn't be worth two whoops. You can not, ostrich-like stick your head in the sands of superficial confidence with out being posteriorily exposed to some realistic kicks. The greater portion of us are emulating that stilted desert bird by swathing our heads in the sands of conditioned thinking. Once in a while we got one eye out long enough to analyze a little of the prob lem confronting us; but duck back again when some one jibes at us with the current slur; Just now "pink" or "red." Those epithets can be bandied about at most anyone these days. Just recently one "ostrich" cocked an eye out long enough to voice this sentiment: "For the first time in our economic history this country is on the down side. No other fact is of comparable Importance. It is not the experience of falling into a slough from which we pull ourselves out and go on. That has happened to us many times. This is a condition. The trend is down. unless this movement can be reversed everything we wish for will fail, and talk of the more abundant life with security is utter nonsense." What "parlor pink" periodical do you suppose that appeared in? Here's some more random para graphs from another ostrich, who dared to roll one eye around behind him: "Last week Senator Wagner was readying a bill to give it (the SEC) one more big job: regulation of the $4,500,000,000 investment-trust indus try, in whose stinking entrails SEC has been probing for over two years. ". . . . how Charlie Mitchel rigged the market in Anaconda; how Rudolph Spreckels made over $14,000,000 in Kolster Radio pool while suckers lost their shirts." Have you guessed the source of those two pessimistic views? Did I hear you say number one sounds like a "left" leaning liberal (Continued on Pat?e Three) THANKS The Voice wishes to express to Sara Spiegel of Butte, its apprecia tion of his fine co-operation in pre paring the voting records of the members of the last legislature, on important measures. The Voice is sure that it will be of value to the voters of the state, and will be appreciated by them as well as by the Voice. T ANACONDA GETS FUNDS FOR SLUM CLEARANCE Approval by the president of a loan contract for $383,000 for low rent housing and slum clearance in Ana conda is announced in a telegram received from Senator James E. Mur ray. The sum available is expected to provide low rentals for modern homes for a large number of the low income group in the city, and at the same time eliminate some of the unsightly structures now being used for hous ing. CASCADE N. P. L. ACTS AGAINST RED-BAITING U A resolution protesting any relaxa tions of the Waish-Healey act, which provides for minimum wages and maximum hours in plants with govern ment contracts, was adopted at the last regular meeting of the Cascade county unit of Labor's Non-Partisan League, held Thursday evening in the I. O. O. P. hall in Great Falls. The resolution was directed against a bill which Rep. Carl Vinson, chairman of the house naval affairs committee, has announced he plans to introduce to relax the provisions of the Waish Healey act in those plants having gov ernment naval construction contracts. The resolution said in part that "a sudden war hysteria cannot be made an excuse for relaxing our democratic rights, which include restricted work ing hours, minimum wages, and the right of every American to a job through the solution of our number one problem—unemployment." A resolution calling for the imme diate dissolving of the Dies commit tee was sent to Senators Wheeler and Murray and Congressman O'Connor. The League condemned the Dies com mittee as "fulfilling the role of Propa ganda Minister Goebbels for Wall Street in the United States, whole sole activity has become red-baiting, which is a device used by the employers to get the workers all excited, build up hysteria, so they will forget about bet ter wages and working conditions and to split the ranks of organized labor in the face of their opposition. "The parade of Dies committee wit nesses includes stoolpigeons, expelled unionists, strike breakers and numer ous characters whose past activity has been anti-labor in all sorts of re spects. "The proceedings of the Dies com mittee have been shown to be illegal in nature in a number of cases, as witness the court reverses which they have suffered." "The committee has repeatedly re fused to carry out a thorough investi gation of such subversive groups as the Ku KIux Klan, Christian Front and Silver Shirts, but, instead, by its continuous slander of labor and peo ples' organizations has accomplished a whitewash for these truly sinister groups and their un-American activi ties. "The extremely valuable work done by the LaFolIette senate civil liberties committee in the exposure of the abro gation of labor and civil rights has been largely undone by the 'hot aid' raids of the Dies committee." A resolution thorough ly explaining the mis-use of the Sherman anti-trust law against labor unions Instead of against the trusts and monopolies against whom it was designed by Sen ator Sherman In an attempt to bring down monopoly prices was also passed and ordered sent to the Montana con gressional delegation, Attorney Gen eral Jackson, Assistant Attorney den eral Thurman Arnold, President Roose velt, William Green and John L. Lewis. / The resolution cited the well-known example of the four leading type-writ er companies who got off scot free after "promising to behave," and be lieves that these are the companies and persons who are the only consti tutional subjects for the functioning of the Sherman law. Against Hysteria From Arms Program WASHINGTON.—tPP) — Tolerance and reason were posed as antidotes to "unfounded hysteria directed against aliens or minority groups," by Sen. Burton K, Wheeler (D., Mont.) in a speech in the senate May 31. Speaking against the proposed transfer of the bureau of immigration from the department of labor to the department of justice, Wheeler re viewed the history of the department of justice and J. Edgar Hoover, head of the FBI, during the days of the notorious Palmer raids. Steps taken toward national defense, Wheeler told the senate, will be nulli fied unless they contain safeguards to preserve our traditional freedom of speech and opinion, "our even handed justice and fair labor standards." "In this country," he declared, "we are beginning to be faced with atti tudes and states of mind which, if unchecked by reason and the lessons of past experience, may threaten seri ous harm to our security and Inde pendence." Arms measures and the like, Wheeler added, cannot succeed if their "only effect is to arouse hysteria and set in motion forces and programs which may become as great a menace to democracy as the menaces they seek to combat." AYERS CLAIM TO BUSINESS SAGACITY SUBSTANTIATED BY CAMPAIGN MANAGEM'T Se rvices of Employees of the State on the Payroll Being Used to Do the Work in the Headquarters of the Ayers-for-Governor Club in Helena. McKinnon, Chief Engi neer of the Highway Department Workin to Protect Job. O r For several days of the last working week in the last month, at least two employees of the highway commission worked in the campaign headquarters of Governor Ayers in Helena, thus substantiating the governor's claim to superior business men, and indicating that Chief Engineer McKinnon of the high- is acu -♦protect CASCADE LABOR OPPOSES REPEAL OF JOHNSON ACT Whereas, Proposals have recently been made in the United States con gress to throw open the treasury of our government to finance European countries in pursuit of their war through two methods: 1. Repeal of the Johnson Act bar ring loans to any country which has defaulted on its debts of the World war, and 2. Elimination of that provision of the Neutrality act which calls for cash and carry from nations engaged in war. and Whereas, We agree heartily and emphatically with the statement of Senator Hiram Johnson of California that: 'Experience in the last war taught us that the surest way to get into war is to let our money precede us. Then when more money is need ed by the belligerents, we let them have it and then go into the struggle to protect our money. If we want to get into this war, the way to do it is by making large credits and loans to those already in it," and Whereas, We also agree with the statement of Bernard Baruch, finan cier, that "Where our money Is, there our hearts are," and Whereas, However much we may sympathize with the people in Europe at this time, we believe our financial aid will merely prolong and help make a World war out of a European war. Therefore Be It Resolved: That the Cascade County Trades and Labor Assembly emphatically asserts its op position to repeal or revision of the Johnson act and to elimination of the cash and carry clause of the Neutral ity act, and Be It Further Resolved: That copies of this resolution be sent to our con gressional delegation. Senator John son, Secretary of State Cordell Hull, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Wil liam Green and John L. Lewis, and Be It Finally Resolved: That copies of this resolution also be sent to the Montana Labor News and Farmers papers. Submitted by, Cascade Co. Trades & Labor Assembly A. V. BIALLAS, Secretary. First C. C. C. Enrollee Becomes Dirt Farmer .. First enrollee to become a landed proprietor in the recently launched farm training program of the Fort Missoula district of the Civilian Con servation Corps, is Richard T. Carey, 956 Company member. Enrolled for the training course that will give him a thorough grounding in agricultural methods, this upstanding young man has taken the initial steps towards acquiring an 80 acre farm tract in the Flathead valley. He will work this land next year after completion of his training, which will be given at the 1962 company experimental farm at Alberton. He will be transferred to 1962 in order to take the training course. Born in Billings 22 years ago, En rollee Carey is a high school graduate who spent much of his early life on the farm. Farming is an avocational interest but he feels that it is as well a means of making an adequate liveli hood in the most pleasant way pos sible to those who love the land and feel that their place is on it. Details for the purchase of his land and other necessary matters are be ing supervised by Educational Super visor Leslie R. Stephens, who states that Mr. Carey is a fine type of en rollee and one who has the earmarks of one who will succeed in what he undertakes. Because of the fact that he is the first CCC member to acquire his farm, he is vefy much in the lime light at the moment, and it is Mr. Stephens' opinion that he will prove a leader in what it is felt is certain to become the important CCC activity, the farm ti»aining program. About 75 editors and other staff members of labor papers in the east ern area will meet at Sunnybrook House on Route 209 June 7-9 to hear experts discuss editorial, mechanical and financial problems. his soft job by co-operating with the governor in his thrifty and personally financially prudent steps to promote his candidacy for another op portunity for personal aggrandize ment. The two employees of the state highway department have been such for some time past and are recognized as most efficient office workers. Their names appeared on the payroll of the highway department for the full 31 days of May, and there is no reason to think that the highway department funds have been or will be reimbursed for the payment of these employees while they have been engaged in po litical work in the offices of the Ayers for Governor Club in Helena. The people of the state will be In terested in the brazen disregard of the responsibility that Ayers and Mc Kinnon display in this Instance, to ward the public's trust imposed in them. However, this is without doubt, not an isolated instance, over the state are numbers of em ployees, designated as inspectors and with other titles, whose sole duty ap pears to be to "work for Ayers" ; all of them on the public payroll. It is also reported that there has been more than a normal Increase in the number of highway employees recently; "use less guys" as one regular employee of the department expressed himself about them. may be "useless" to the state, but the governor knows that they have votes, as do their friends. In the state highway department as at present managed by McKinnon, the governor undoubtedly possesses the ingredients of a strong and evidently entirely unscrupulous vote getting ma chine. Its activities will be followed Traveling These new employees by Voice, every effort made to inform the public con cerning them. O'CONNELL FILES FOR CONGRESS FIRST DISTRICT Jerry J. O'Connell, militant former congressman from the first Montana dltsrict filed today for re-election to that office for which he was defeated in 1938 by Jacob Thorkelson who was supported by a coalition of democratic machine leaders and reactionary groups in the district. The ridiculous record made by Thorkelson in con gress which is recognized nationally as a farce, will undoubtedly react greatly in O'Connell's favor. O'Connell asked that the following be printed after his name on the bal lots: "Keep America out of war; end unemployment; pension the aged; save democracy." The following statement appears on his filing petition: "If I am nominated and elected, I will during ray term of office fight in every way I know how to keep this nation out of war. I pledge the I shall always vote that not a single American boy shall die on a foreign battlefield. I will continue the fight I have always made for the farmer, for the aged and for the unemployed. I shall battle against all racial and religious intolerance, fight for the preservation of our civil liberties and American democracy, and restore Montana's good name in the congress of the United States." O'Connell was a member of the state legislature from Silver Bow county from 1931 to 1935; elected to the Montana railroad and public serv ice commission, serving from 1935 to 1937; elected to the 75th Congress in 1936, and served from 1957 to 1939; for the past year and a half has been publisher and editor of the Mon tana Liberal and leader of the 60-60 Old Age Pension movement. There have been rumors current that O'Connell intended to file for the democratic nomination for governor. When questioned on this today, Mr. O'Connell replied; "Many friends from all over Mon tana have urged me to be a candidate for governor. I seriously considered it, but because a liberal candidate had already filed, I did not want to split the progressive forces in the state. Further, I think the biggest battle in the world will be in the next session of Congress and that is the fight to keep America out of war and preserve our democracy. I want to go to Washington and carry on that fight."