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The People's voice. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1939-1969, June 05, 1940, Image 1

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Economic Justice and Equality
Is the Real Safeguard of De
mocracy. Lack of These Is a
Challenge to the Intelligence
and Sincerity of All.
Democracy Cannot Endure Un
der Economic Systems Which
Cause Hunger, Cold*, Poor
Housing and Unemployment to
Vol. L—No. 27
Price Five Cents
o' S
Support Developed in Senate expropria
tions Committee for Amendr *£.ts to Bill
As Passed by House Which 1 ?ild Elimi
nate Restrictions on Using F * Funds for
Loans to Co-operatives.
A telegram from Senator James E. Murray, received last
Friday strikes a hopeful note of support in the senate for
amendments to eliminate the obnoxious rider to the work re
lief appropriations bill, which would have prohibited the loan
by the Farm Security Administration of any funds to farmers
for the purpose of purchasing stock in co-operatives.
The senator states that Senator Adams of Colorado and
Senator Nye of North Dakota,♦
both members of the senate
appropriations committee
whose hands the bill now
which will eliminate the ob
noxious rider, before the bill
reported out of the committee.
Representatives of the Na
tional Farmers Union had
meeting with Senator Murray
last Friday morning and work
ing with him, have been able
to brighten the prospects of de
feating the amendment.
The Montana Progressive Coun
cil will meet in the Eagle's hall
In Great Falls next Sunday at 10
delegates from organized farm and
labor groups throughout the state
is anticipated at the meeting.
The records of candidates for
state office will be studied and en
dorsements of some of them are ex
pected to be made on the basis of
the findings of the council.
The executive committee of the
council will meet on Saturday to
plan the program of the Sunday
meeting, and interview such candi
dates for state office as appear be
fore the committee seeking sup
A record attendance of
Labor Laws Appear Safe;
"Sixth Column" Active
Despite fears of some liberals to
the contrary, there are no indications
that the present congress will pass
amendments to any labor law now on
the statute books.
Not that the anti-labor crowd has
undergone any change of heart,
that they have, in the interest of na
tional defense, accepted the status quo
as regards labor. They are not quite
that patriotic. It is because the cards
are stacked against them, strange as
this may seem.
Amendments to the Wagner nation
al relations act were to have come up
in the house last Tuesday, but regard
less of what may have been the out
come of Howard (Undertaker) Smith's
efforts, they will be stymied if they
have not already been.
In recent conversation with a labor
member of congress, this column is
informed that Senator Thomas, Utah,
chairman of the senate committee on
education and labor, gave renewed as
surances that his committee will not
report out any anti-labor legislation
regardless of what the house might
As a result of the known position
the - senate committee on education
and labor, the senate majority, and
the firm stand taken by President
labor-haters such as
Georgia's Gene Cox, Michigan's Claire
and Virginia's Howard
Smith, while they continue their daily
vicious outbursts, are banking on
back-door strategy. They are trying
to tack on amendments to various ap
propriation bills to injure, or suspend,
the operation of the Wagner, Wage
Hour, and Waish-Healey acts,
not likely that they are going to get
very far with it.
The real danger in the present hys
terical situation rather, lies in attacks
civil liberties and passage of anti
alien legislation. While watching out
for the "fifth column," many are
warning that we had better keep at
least one eye peeled on the "sixth
the vigilante boys and their
It is
Ilk who get pretty active when there
is a hysteria on. It is going to be a
rather difficult problem to keep antl
"fifth column" activities confined to
courts and those charged with carry
ing out the law.
As was to have been expected, the
anti-alien bloc—headed by Reynolds,
North Carolina, in the senate, and
Dies, Texas, and Hobbs and Starnes,
Alabama, in the house—has taken on
new life and is "out for the kill." This
outfit believes in very little democracy
for ordinary American citizens, and no
democracy for the strangers in our
nell during the 75th Congressional
sessions, Kennedy organized the Con
gressional Secretaries Guild and was
John E. Kennedy yesterday filed his
petition for nomination to the office
of lieutenant governor on the demo
cratic ticket with the secretary of state.
Kennedy, secretary to former Con
gressman Jerry O'Connell during the
75th Congress, indicated his slogan
would be "For increased employment,
adequate old age pensions and end
of corporation control."
A journalist by profession, Kennedy
has affiliated himself with the liberal
democratic forces in the state. He is
a member of the League of America
Writers and was selected by the
Eugene Field Society, a national hon
orary author's and writer's associa
tion, for their 1939 award for Mon
tana. He was also included In the
1938-39 volume of America's Outstand
ing Young Men.
While in Washington with O'Con
its first president.
"While the office of lieutenant gov
ernor is generally considered relative
ly unimportant," Kennedy said he be
lieved that "in view of present con
ditions, the function of the lieutenant
governor presiding over the state sen
ate made it one of the more important
offices in the ensuing election." His
experience in Washington where he
had close contact with national legis
lation would, he said, give him an In
sight into legislative necessities in
Kennedy resides at Hamilton.
• * *
Anti-New Deal Forces
Encircled; Trap Sprung
Encirclement of anti-new deal
forces, both from within and without
the Democratic party, is complete and
the trap has been sprung. Only a
miracle can now extricate them.
Some republicans, like Senator Taft
of Ohio and Thomas Dewey, continue
to talk in a bellicose vein of a fight
against the new deal in the forth
coming elections "on domestic issues."
That is admission that foreign issues
will not enter the campaign.
* * *
NYA" Assumes Big Task
In National Defense
The job of training the bulk of me
chanics for the country's expanded
aviation program for national defense
will likely fall to the NYA.
NYA is all prepared to step right
in and tackle the job in a big way.
Plans for training about 600,000 me
chanics and other skilled and semi
skilled workers for aviation within a
have been perfected. The NYA
staff has been working night and day
on these plans for several weeks.
As a nucleus, NYA now has some
135,000 youths in various projects on
wood-working and mechanical jobs,
getting the kind of experience to fit
them quite readily into the aviation
program. These young people are em
ployed in auto, radio, highway con
struction machinery and vehicle repair
shops, as well as wood-working shops.
There also are 1,000 project workers
actually engaged in aviation mechan
ics, thanks to the Army which a year
ago turned over more than a hundred
old and obsolete airplanes to NYA.
On all NYA projects, approximately
316,000 youths are employed, a large
share of them doing clerical work of
various sorts,
these also could be fitted into tasks
connected with aviation.
It is estimated that an additional
approval of approximately $100,000,
000 will be required to carry out pres
ent plans.
A large number of
"Joker" Injures Farmer-Co-operatives
At this writing, a fight is being
organized in the Senate to remove a
"joker" in the Farm Relief Bill (PSA)
passed by the House which would pro
hibit loans to aid in the setting up
of farmer-co-operatives.
The "joker" was inserted in House
bill following testimony by two North
Dakota businessmen, who said that
government funds were being wasted
on "white elephants"—meaning farm
er - co-operatives — which themselves
REGINA, Sask.—(FP)—The prices
of petroleum products continues to
rise in all parts of Canada, except
Saskatchewan. In this western pro
vince prices have gone down three
times since September 1 of last year.
The reason isn't hard to find.
Farmers and townspeople, as con
sumers, own their own gas and oil
stations—89 of them in the province.
Together they own a co-operative
wholesale and a co-operative refinery.
Another refinery, more modern and
more complete is now under construc
tion at a cost of a quarter of a mil
lion dollars.
Justice of the Peace A. J. White
was granted until 10 o'clock, A. M.
return, in the hearing held yesterday
morning, on the writ of mandamus
issued by the court, requiring the Jus
tice of the peace to show cause why
he has not proceeded to act on a com
plaint made to him by R. A. Vanek,
charging J. Burke Clements with vio
lations of the corrupt practices act.
A return was made by the justice to
the Supreme court, but desiring to
make a more complete return, he was
granted the additional time.
J. Burke Clements, associate for
several years of Helena's reputed
gambling czar and redlight landlord,
George Cooney, in the operation of
horse racing in Helena, is charged in
the complaint made by Vanek with
being a member of a political com
mittee while holding an appointive
state office in violation of the follow
ing section of the state law:
Sec. 10786 R. C. M. 1935:
"No holder of a public position other
than an office filled by the voters,
shall be a delegate to a convention for
the election district that elects the
officer or board under whom he direct
]y or indirectly holds such position,
nor shall he be a member of a polit
leal committee for such district."
The term "political committee" is
defined In the statutes as follows:
Section 10775 R. C. M. 1935:
"Political Committee" shall apply to
every combination of two or more per
sons who shall aid or promote the
success or defeat of a candidate, or
a political party or principle, and the
provisions of law relating thereto shall
apply to any firm or partnership, or
ay corporation, and to any club, or
ganization or association or other com
bination of persons whether incor
porated or not, with similar purposes,
whether primary or incidental."
The complaint was made by Vanek
to Justice of the Peace A. J. White
on May 13, and when White indicated
his intent not to act, a petition for a
writ of mandamus was presented to
the Supreme court, which issued the
writ directed to the justice to show
cause, returnable yesterday.
Paul T. Keller, well known Helena
attorney, filed yesterday with the sec
retary of state his petition for nomi
nation for district judge of the first
judicial district of the state of Mon

: I
tana, comprising Broadwater and
Lewis and Clark counties.
At the age of 13 it became neces
sary for Mr. Keller to earn his own
living and by working in stores, mines,
and hotels, put himself through four
years of high school and seven years
of college. He is a graduate of the
University of Montana from which he
has B. A. and L. L. B. degrees.
Upon his graduation from the Mon
tana law school Mr. Keller became
associated with the late Judge Albert
J. Galen, and upon his death took over
the law practice which he has main
tained'until the present time.
Mr. Keller has been a resident of
Montana since 1927; is a member of
the Eagles lodge and the Active club.
He is married and has one child and
resides at 701 Logan street in Helena.
Employee Drawing Pay
From Two Departments of
the State But Keeping No
Records of Work That He
Does, Has Come Into Open
With Proof of What His Job
Actually Is.
Reports from Helena labor leaders
indicate that methods of coercion and
threats are going to be employed by
Ayers stooge employees to swing or
ganized labor support for the re-elec
tion of Ayers. These reports are that
"Punk" Scofield, "labor co-ordinator"
for the state highway commission and
the water conservation board has
made statements to various labor lead
ers that unless support of the organ
ized labor bodies for the re-election of
Ayers became evident, no co-operation
from the state could be expected to
make contractors on highway con
struction conform to organized labor
standards of wages, hours and work
ing conditions.
During the last session of the state
legislature when the committee in
vestigating the highway commission's
business methods discovered that
"labor co-ordinator" was employed, an
effort was made by the committee to
determine the duties and perform
ances of this functionary, but with
little success. The committee made
the following report on him:
As to one particular office, that of
Labor Co-ordinator, we feel that the
supervision of this employee should be
under the department of labor. We
find that he has not made written re
ports, that he has kept no records or
files relating to his activities, and his
testimony shows that his particular
department costs the state of Montana
approximately $550.00 per month. At
the present time he is receiving a
salary of $200.00 a month from the
highway commission and $200.00 a
month from the water conservation
board, and in addition, subsistence
while in the field at the rate of $4.00
per day together with the cost of
transportation. This particular wit
ness was unable to furnish the com
mittee with any detailed and definite
information of his past activities. We
feel that he is being paid entirely too
much, and this opinion was concurred
in by the chief engineer of the high
way commission.
The present activities of this official
clarifies the need of this particular
state employee, among many others—
for Ayers.
An optimist is one who sees the
rosy side of the dark picture; but
if he did not see and analyze the
dark picture, his rosy view wouldn't
be worth two whoops. You can not,
ostrich-like stick your head in the
sands of superficial confidence with
out being posteriorily exposed to some
realistic kicks. The greater portion
of us are emulating that stilted desert
bird by swathing our heads in the
sands of conditioned thinking. Once
in a while we got one eye out long
enough to analyze a little of the prob
lem confronting us; but duck back
again when some one jibes at us with
the current slur; Just now "pink" or
"red." Those epithets can be bandied
about at most anyone these days.
Just recently one "ostrich" cocked an
eye out long enough to voice this
"For the first time in our economic
history this country is on the down
side. No other fact is of comparable
Importance. It is not the experience
of falling into a slough from which
we pull ourselves out and go on. That
has happened to us many times. This
is a condition. The trend is down.
unless this movement can be reversed
everything we wish for will fail, and
talk of the more abundant life with
security is utter nonsense."
What "parlor pink" periodical do
you suppose that appeared in?
Here's some more random para
graphs from another ostrich, who
dared to roll one eye around behind
"Last week Senator Wagner was
readying a bill to give it (the SEC)
one more big job: regulation of the
$4,500,000,000 investment-trust indus
try, in whose stinking entrails SEC
has been probing for over two years.
". . . . how Charlie Mitchel rigged
the market in Anaconda; how Rudolph
Spreckels made over $14,000,000 in
Kolster Radio pool while suckers lost
their shirts."
Have you guessed the source of
those two pessimistic views?
Did I hear you say number one
sounds like a "left" leaning liberal
(Continued on Pat?e Three)
The Voice wishes to express to
Sara Spiegel of Butte, its apprecia
tion of his fine co-operation in pre
paring the voting records of the
members of the last legislature, on
important measures.
The Voice is sure that it will be
of value to the voters of the state,
and will be appreciated by them as
well as by the Voice.
Approval by the president of a loan
contract for $383,000 for low rent
housing and slum clearance in Ana
conda is announced in a telegram
received from Senator James E. Mur
The sum available is expected to
provide low rentals for modern homes
for a large number of the low income
group in the city, and at the same
time eliminate some of the unsightly
structures now being used for hous
A resolution protesting any relaxa
tions of the Waish-Healey act, which
provides for minimum wages and
maximum hours in plants with govern
ment contracts, was adopted at the
last regular meeting of the Cascade
county unit of Labor's Non-Partisan
League, held Thursday evening in the
I. O. O. P. hall in Great Falls. The
resolution was directed against a bill
which Rep. Carl Vinson, chairman of
the house naval affairs committee, has
announced he plans to introduce to
relax the provisions of the Waish
Healey act in those plants having gov
ernment naval construction contracts.
The resolution said in part that "a
sudden war hysteria cannot be made
an excuse for relaxing our democratic
rights, which include restricted work
ing hours, minimum wages, and the
right of every American to a job
through the solution of our number
one problem—unemployment."
A resolution calling for the imme
diate dissolving of the Dies commit
tee was sent to Senators Wheeler and
Murray and Congressman O'Connor.
The League condemned the Dies com
mittee as "fulfilling the role of Propa
ganda Minister Goebbels for Wall
Street in the United States, whole sole
activity has become red-baiting, which
is a device used by the employers to
get the workers all excited, build up
hysteria, so they will forget about bet
ter wages and working conditions and
to split the ranks of organized labor
in the face of their opposition.
"The parade of Dies committee wit
nesses includes stoolpigeons, expelled
unionists, strike breakers and numer
ous characters whose past activity
has been anti-labor in all sorts of re
"The proceedings of the Dies com
mittee have been shown to be illegal
in nature in a number of cases, as
witness the court reverses which they
have suffered."
"The committee has repeatedly re
fused to carry out a thorough investi
gation of such subversive groups as
the Ku KIux Klan, Christian Front
and Silver Shirts, but, instead, by its
continuous slander of labor and peo
ples' organizations has accomplished
a whitewash for these truly sinister
groups and their un-American activi
"The extremely valuable work done
by the LaFolIette senate civil liberties
committee in the exposure of the abro
gation of labor and civil rights has
been largely undone by the 'hot aid'
raids of the Dies committee."
A resolution thorough ly explaining
the mis-use of the Sherman anti-trust
law against labor unions Instead of
against the trusts and monopolies
against whom it was designed by Sen
ator Sherman In an attempt to bring
down monopoly prices was also passed
and ordered sent to the Montana con
gressional delegation, Attorney Gen
eral Jackson, Assistant Attorney den
eral Thurman Arnold, President Roose
velt, William Green and John L.
Lewis. /
The resolution cited the well-known
example of the four leading type-writ
er companies who got off scot free
after "promising to behave," and be
lieves that these are the companies
and persons who are the only consti
tutional subjects for the functioning
of the Sherman law.
Against Hysteria
From Arms Program
WASHINGTON.—tPP) — Tolerance
and reason were posed as antidotes
to "unfounded hysteria directed
against aliens or minority groups," by
Sen. Burton K, Wheeler (D., Mont.)
in a speech in the senate May 31.
Speaking against the proposed
transfer of the bureau of immigration
from the department of labor to the
department of justice, Wheeler re
viewed the history of the department
of justice and J. Edgar Hoover, head
of the FBI, during the days of the
notorious Palmer raids.
Steps taken toward national defense,
Wheeler told the senate, will be nulli
fied unless they contain safeguards to
preserve our traditional freedom of
speech and opinion, "our even handed
justice and fair labor standards."
"In this country," he declared, "we
are beginning to be faced with atti
tudes and states of mind which, if
unchecked by reason and the lessons
of past experience, may threaten seri
ous harm to our security and Inde
Arms measures and the like,
Wheeler added, cannot succeed if their
"only effect is to arouse hysteria and
set in motion forces and programs
which may become as great a menace
to democracy as the menaces they
seek to combat."
Se rvices of Employees of the State on the
Payroll Being Used to Do the Work in the
Headquarters of the Ayers-for-Governor
Club in Helena. McKinnon, Chief Engi
neer of the Highway Department Workin
to Protect Job.
For several days of the last working week in the last month,
at least two employees of the highway commission worked in
the campaign headquarters of Governor Ayers in Helena, thus
substantiating the governor's claim to superior business
men, and indicating that Chief Engineer McKinnon of the high-
Whereas, Proposals have recently
been made in the United States con
gress to throw open the treasury of
our government to finance European
countries in pursuit of their war
through two methods:
1. Repeal of the Johnson Act bar
ring loans to any country which has
defaulted on its debts of the World
war, and
2. Elimination of that provision of
the Neutrality act which calls for cash
and carry from nations engaged in
war. and
Whereas, We agree heartily and
emphatically with the statement of
Senator Hiram Johnson of California
'Experience in the last war
taught us that the surest way to get
into war is to let our money precede
us. Then when more money is need
ed by the belligerents, we let them
have it and then go into the struggle
to protect our money. If we want to
get into this war, the way to do it is
by making large credits and loans to
those already in it," and
Whereas, We also agree with the
statement of Bernard Baruch, finan
cier, that "Where our money Is, there
our hearts are," and
Whereas, However much we may
sympathize with the people in Europe
at this time, we believe our financial
aid will merely prolong and help make
a World war out of a European war.
Therefore Be It Resolved: That the
Cascade County Trades and Labor
Assembly emphatically asserts its op
position to repeal or revision of the
Johnson act and to elimination of the
cash and carry clause of the Neutral
ity act, and
Be It Further Resolved: That copies
of this resolution be sent to our con
gressional delegation. Senator John
son, Secretary of State Cordell Hull,
President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Wil
liam Green and John L. Lewis, and
Be It Finally Resolved: That copies
of this resolution also be sent to the
Montana Labor News and Farmers
Submitted by,
Cascade Co. Trades & Labor Assembly
A. V. BIALLAS, Secretary.
First C. C. C.
Enrollee Becomes
Dirt Farmer
First enrollee to become a landed
proprietor in the recently launched
farm training program of the Fort
Missoula district of the Civilian Con
servation Corps, is Richard T. Carey,
956 Company member. Enrolled for
the training course that will give him
a thorough grounding in agricultural
methods, this upstanding young man
has taken the initial steps towards
acquiring an 80 acre farm tract in the
Flathead valley. He will work this
land next year after completion of his
training, which will be given at the
1962 company experimental farm at
Alberton. He will be transferred to
1962 in order to take the training
Born in Billings 22 years ago, En
rollee Carey is a high school graduate
who spent much of his early life on
the farm. Farming is an avocational
interest but he feels that it is as well
a means of making an adequate liveli
hood in the most pleasant way pos
sible to those who love the land and
feel that their place is on it.
Details for the purchase of his land
and other necessary matters are be
ing supervised by Educational Super
visor Leslie R. Stephens, who states
that Mr. Carey is a fine type of en
rollee and one who has the earmarks
of one who will succeed in what he
undertakes. Because of the fact that
he is the first CCC member to acquire
his farm, he is vefy much in the lime
light at the moment, and it is Mr.
Stephens' opinion that he will prove a
leader in what it is felt is certain to
become the important CCC activity,
the farm ti»aining program.
About 75 editors and other staff
members of labor papers in the east
ern area will meet at Sunnybrook
House on Route 209 June 7-9 to hear
experts discuss editorial, mechanical
and financial problems.
his soft job by co-operating
with the governor in his thrifty and
personally financially prudent steps to
promote his candidacy for another op
portunity for personal aggrandize
The two employees of the state
highway department have been such
for some time past and are recognized
as most efficient office workers. Their
names appeared on the payroll of the
highway department for the full 31
days of May, and there is no reason
to think that the highway department
funds have been or will be reimbursed
for the payment of these employees
while they have been engaged in po
litical work in the offices of the Ayers
for Governor Club in Helena.
The people of the state will be In
terested in the brazen disregard of
the responsibility that Ayers and Mc
Kinnon display in this Instance, to
ward the public's trust imposed in
them. However, this is without doubt,
not an isolated instance,
over the state are numbers of em
ployees, designated as inspectors and
with other titles, whose sole duty ap
pears to be to "work for Ayers" ; all
of them on the public payroll. It is
also reported that there has been more
than a normal Increase in the number
of highway employees recently; "use
less guys" as one regular employee
of the department expressed himself
about them.
may be "useless" to the state, but the
governor knows that they have votes,
as do their friends.
In the state highway department as
at present managed by McKinnon, the
governor undoubtedly possesses the
ingredients of a strong and evidently
entirely unscrupulous vote getting ma
chine. Its activities will be followed
These new employees
by Voice, every
effort made to inform the public con
cerning them.
Jerry J. O'Connell, militant former
congressman from the first Montana
dltsrict filed today for re-election to
that office for which he was defeated
in 1938 by Jacob Thorkelson who was
supported by a coalition of democratic
machine leaders and reactionary
groups in the district. The ridiculous
record made by Thorkelson in con
gress which is recognized nationally
as a farce, will undoubtedly react
greatly in O'Connell's favor.
O'Connell asked that the following
be printed after his name on the bal
lots: "Keep America out of war; end
unemployment; pension the aged;
save democracy."
The following statement appears on
his filing petition:
"If I am nominated and elected, I
will during ray term of office fight in
every way I know how to keep this
nation out of war. I pledge the
I shall always vote that not a single
American boy shall die on a foreign
battlefield. I will continue the fight
I have always made for the farmer,
for the aged and for the unemployed.
I shall battle against all racial and
religious intolerance, fight for the
preservation of our civil liberties and
American democracy, and restore
Montana's good name in the congress
of the United States."
O'Connell was a member of the
state legislature from Silver Bow
county from 1931 to 1935; elected to
the Montana railroad and public serv
ice commission, serving from 1935 to
1937; elected to the 75th Congress in
1936, and served from 1957 to 1939;
for the past year and a half has
been publisher and editor of the Mon
tana Liberal and leader of the 60-60
Old Age Pension movement.
There have been rumors current
that O'Connell intended to file for the
democratic nomination for governor.
When questioned on this today, Mr.
O'Connell replied;
"Many friends from all over Mon
tana have urged me to be a candidate
for governor. I seriously considered
it, but because a liberal candidate
had already filed, I did not want to
split the progressive forces in the
state. Further, I think the biggest
battle in the world will be in the
next session of Congress and that is
the fight to keep America out of war
and preserve our democracy. I want
to go to Washington and carry on that

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