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Li. V .8 Dear Cap. Bruce: X am interested and amused at your publicity cam paign against the underworld which has for many years past and are now in almost complete control of Hel ena and most other cities and towns in this state. You are evidently hav ing some success which I hope will not be only temporary. I know the underworld racketeers are a hard bunch to fight. Their opera tions are so profitable that they cor rectly, are classed as "big business," and like all "big business," are con temptuous of all moral and legal re straints. It is so easy for them to hire, bribe, corrupt and split with law-enforcement officials that it is almost to be expected that law-en forcement has almost completely broken down. Now add to these direct beneficiaries, the conniving enforce ment officers, the multitude of camp followers, such as low-grade lawyers who fatten from the offal of this traf fic, and last but not least a multi tude of cheap politicians who depend on the support of this element for their election. These extend Into high er brackets than most of us imagine. There is no office in this state too exalted to be immune from this in fluence. At best this influence must be overcome by every official, from Governor, down through judges of our courts to officials of our county gov ernments: at worst—and this is too frequent for the perpetuity of a democ racy—these officials when seeking of fice follow the "avenue of least resist ance" by openly soliciting the assist ance of the underworld or evading the issue entirely. Now figure for yourself, is it rea sonable to expect any law-enforce ment by those whose election was de pendent, wholly or in part on these law-breakers? What about the réélec tion of an officer doing his duty? Take, for instance, Helena, Butte, the Falls or most any other city or town of any size; how long would any city official stay in office if he attempted to carry out his oath when installed? If an appointive office he might last twenty-four hours but more probably not twenty-four minutes. As an ex ample of how our law enforcement system works out in practice, take Butte, for instance: Mayor Hauswirth, the chief of Butte police and the coun ty attorney of Silver Bow county ap peared before a senate committee then considering the repeal of the anti-gambling law. They all repre sented that the saloon and gambling laws were then not being enforced; that there were just four saloons com plying with the law. The mayor did not state whether these four were complying under their own volition or under his compulsion. He stated that there were 169 (or 269 saloons in Butte, I have forgotten which) which were openly and flagrantly violating the law. The county attorney com plained that he could not enforce the law, while the chief of police was grieved because his officers were sore because their nice uniforms were be smeared in taking drunks home from saloons and it cost considerable to buy new uniforms. Now that's the kind of enforce ment you have in Butte. About that time, while the legislature was in ses sion, considering the repeal of the gambling law, these lawless elements opened a joint on Main street, in a room with clear view to the street; where many men and women (I do not know what kind of women), were ranged beside a long table and ap parently openly gambling just to show their contempt for the law and in this way flouting the legislature, they were so sure of passing their gambl ing bill; however, they showed their true colors too soon; the bill did not pass. On that showing by Mayor Haus with of Butte, he now thinks he should be given the governorship to control the entire state. Just think! Four saloons out of hundreds obeying the law entitles a man to claim the governorship! This number, 4, seems to be a charmed figure; in New York we find also one Dewey, who, having convicted just four grafters, thinks he is entitled to the presidency of the United States. If a man who can convict four out of many thousands of grafters in New York is big enough to be president, albeit the tact that he has shown by his speeches an utter incapacity to understand any of the basic problems which are cry ing for solution, then this country SUBSCRIBE TODAY TO THE PEOPLE'S VOICE 1 Read the Truth About Conditions » in the State FILL OUT THE COUPON BELOW AND ENCLOSE YOUR PAYMENT TODAY. $1.00 Per Year PEOPLE'S VOICE PUBLISHING CO. BOX 838 HELENA, MONTANA in payment of subscription to The People's Voice. Enclosed is $ years Name Address is indeed doomed . . . four convictions in New York's slime may make a president; suffering four saloons to operate in decency under the law may make a governor. Is this the price we must pay for living under a democ racy? Is this "the American way?" If this is "Americanism," give me Stalin, Hitler or any other wild eyed maniac, In preference, but I refuse to believe that rule by graft is a permanent fix ture in this country. I think condi tions are so low as to be intolerable and that the people are waking up to the necessity for "direct action" at the polls. These conditions will- be righted just as soon as the common citizenry find out just where to place their fingers on the underlying causes for these rotten spots in our body politic observations. A few instances of present day ap plied executive government might show how and why it is almost impossible to secure law enforcement, where law-breaking enables the culprit to amass huge amounts of ill-gotten gains and much political power, it necessarily follows that other, equally culpable persons will seek avidly to become enforcement officers in order to share in the spoils by mulcting the crooks. Before Governor Dixon's time, the Governor was the sole executive head and the responsibility for law en forcement was the governor's. During all this time, law enforcement was poor, Governor Dixon sought to bet ter it by creating an executive board, consisting of the Governor, the At torney General and the Secretary of State. The result was less rather than enforcement. First, buck from one to another. Then comes Ayers on the scene. He wished to be the executive in fact as well as in responsibility: the way it was before Dixon. He asked the legislature to give him the sole power to fire, preemptorily any appointive officers (the Hitler Bill). The legis lators thought and had a right to think he intended to do just that, so we gave him the power, and with it the responsibility; since he seemed anxious to assume it. I confess, I voted with the majority for the bill. Result: Still less enforcement, almost none at all. Instead of the Governor assuming the responsibility with the power he has grasped the power and shirked the responsibility and instead created a machine with which he hopes to control the state in conjunc tion with the lawless saloon elements and the equally lawless corporation exploiters. The "big holler" now is—since the unholy combination think they have the state sewed up—that the law can not be enforced, therefore we should submit to be ruled by elements which no one of us would wipe our feet on in private life. Now you know and I know that under the law all the Gov ernor would have to do is to simply revoke the licenses of all joints break ing the law and they would be prompt ly closed up. There is a troupe of in spectors traveling up and down the state drawing salaries but apparently having no power or object in view. I called the attention of one of them to a battery of slot machines in a saloon and was promptly informed that law enforcement inspection was no part of his duties according to his instructions* I have never learned since then what his duties were and are, according to his instructions. I have yet to contact a 75c lawyer or politician from Butte, Helena or the Falls, who did not gloat over the fact that law-enforcement was impos sible in these towns. These camp following scavangers are proud and boastful of the fact that these towns are kept the emunctory cesspools of You cannot control what you do not own! the state. To concluue: i for one refuse to believe that the people ot Montana are content to yield always, to be ruled by crooked politicians who fat ten off the offal of the criminal ele ments. I don't believe that the people are so hopelessly stupid as to believe that honesty and decency are not ob tainàble in Montana government, at least to some degree, when they are brought to realize what it is costing them in money and the loss of their self respect. A. J. PLUMER. DEMAND THE UNION LABEL ! $1,200,000 SAVED BY OHIO, INDIANA FARMERS' CO-OPS COLUMBUS, O.— (FP)—The Co-op "yardstick" proved its effectiveness again this spring when farmers in Ohio and Indiana saved approximately $1,200,000 on their fertilizer purchases because the Co-ops built their fertilizer factories and forced compet ing companies to drop prices from $2 to $6 a ton. Fifteen years ago, farmers in these states began in a small way to buy fertilizer and other commodities to gether through co-operatives. By last year they were handling 15% of the fertilizer distributed in the area. Then own they found that there wefe more ings to be made through production and the Farm Bureau Co-operative Assn, joined with the GLF Co-opera tive Exchange in New York to pur chase a large fertilizer plant in Balti more. A mixing plant was set up at Alli ance, O., to supplement the Baltimore plant. Then the Co-ops built a large factory at Maunee, O., and the Ohio and Indiana Farm Bureau Co-operative Associations Jointly built a factory at Glendale, O. the far mbureau Co-op plants was about $250,000. More than 30,000 tons of commercial fertilizer have been produced and distributed in Ohio alone this spring. The savings made by the Co-ops were not restricted to members of the Co-operatives. Ohio Farm Bureau News, "every farm sav Total expenditure for According to The er in the state of Ohio, whether he bought Co-op fertilizer or not, has been affected by the program." Al though the cost of some of the in gredients has increased this yaer be cause of the war, the competing com panies dropped their prices $4 a ton below the prices of last fall, when the Co-ops went into production. "The result is," the News continues, "that the farmers of Ohio, purchasing about 175,000 tons of fertilizer this spring, saved approximately $700,000—nearly three times the total expenditure to date for fertilizer factories." In Indiana, where the Co-ops are producing fertilizer in co-operation with the Ohio co-operatives, a ton of 2-12-6 fertilizer sells for $25.65. It costs $23.75 in Ohio. Even with this differential, I. H. Hull, manager of the Indiana Farm Bureau Co-operative Assn., estimates that Indiana farmers have saved $500,000 because the Co ops are in action. In Pennsylvania the same product costs $29.03; in West Virginia, $29.61; and in Wiscon sin, $29.85. In those states the co operatives have not yet built factories to produce their own fertilizers. HOLMES RECORD IN AUDITOR'S OFFICE IS PRAISED John J. Holmes who has served for two terms as state auditor and is seeking re-election for a third, has earned the respect of the people of the state by his impartial adminis tration of the duties of his office. His contact with the public has been one of helpfulness. Since all of the records of his office are available to the public, he is frequently called upon for information, and he has al ways manifested a willingness to co operate with the public in every re spect. ot his office has never been ques tioned, and there is little doubt that he will be returned to office by a substantial vote. The efficient administration ■a «■ The Montana Farmers Union Mutual Fire Insurance Co. will be in the field for your Grain Insurance under govern ment loans this fall. Giving this insurance to your own institution is the proper thing to do for all co-operators. Agencies will be established next to each county seat. MONTANA FARMERS UNION MUTUAL FIRE INSURANCE CO. CONRAD, MONT. PETER BOKMA, Sec.-Treas. .« a 8' W. T. MORRISON w m of Whitehall FOR m r RAILROAD AND PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSIONER DEMOCRATIC TICKET General Contractor Member American Federation of Labor and Farmers Union Paid Pol. Adv. by W. T. Morrison Farmer ■> it ART JJ Lamey I ■M I u': '' WILL BE ! * j A GOOD I? GOVERNOR i (Democratic Ticket) PLEDGED to state co-operation with federal farm legislation promote Montana's basic industry, AGRICULTURE .... Open, honest government .... careful attention to rural feeder road requirements. to J (Paid Pol. Adv. by Lamey for Governor Club) •y LABOR'S NEWS IN BRIEF (Federated Press) DETROIT—After a near break down in negotiations, the Motors Corp., reached a new ment with the General agree United Automobile Workers (C.I.O), covering thousands of workers in various parts of the country. Annual wage increases of $12,000,000 and the setting up of per manent arbitration machinery among the gains made. we, ' e PHILADELPHIA.—C.I.O. President John L. Lewis, speaking June 18 be fore the annual convention ot the i National Association for the Advance ment of Colored People, renewed his I sharp assault on the new deal for its failure to provide employment andl predicted that any party which mits war profiteers to dominate its platform will find itself "hopelessly beaten by the votes of an outraged | electrate in November." per WASHINGTON. Objection to the compulsory labor service plan pro posed by President Roosevelt made June 20 by heads of the 12 ions composing the A.F.L. was Metal Trades department. PHILADELPHIA. — Notice of the A.F.L.'s demands on the republican party was served on members of the G.O.P.'s platform committee June 19, by A.F.L. President William Green, representing the federation's tive council. The demands were in cluded in a 27-point program dealing with "outstanding economic, social execu and industrial problems." NEW YORK.—President Roosevelt was urged June 19 in a letter signed by 33 prominent educators from all parts of the country to redirect his policies "away from steps that are leading us into direct involvement in the present European war towards a program designed to obtain for the people of the U. S. the conditions of physical and economic security which are the sole guarantee of liberty and democracy." The letter was spon sored by the American Federation of Teachers (A.F.L.) WASHINGTON.—Presidential veto of the bill ordering deportation of President Harry Bridges of the Inter national Longshoremen's & Ware housemen's Union (C.I.O.) was fore shadowed June 19 as Attorney Gen eral Robert H. Jackson sharply at tacked the bill in a letter to Senator , Richard R. Russell (D„ Ga.). chair man of the senate immigration com mittee. NEW YORK.—Jail sentences rang ing from one month to two years were Imposed June 18 by Judge Murray Hulbert upon 26 officials and mem bers ot Local 807, International Broth erhood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Stablemen & Helpers (A.F.L), for violating the Sherman anti-trust law and the Copeland anti-racketeering law. The local was fined $10,000. HUNTSVILLE, Ala.—After finding two dictographs planted in its hall and a number ot additional wires on Ihe roof which might have led to other dictographs, the Textile Workers Un ion (C.I.O.) decided to ask the civil liberties division of the department of justice to investigate city officials. ST. PAUL.—A strong plea to keep the U. S. out of war was made June 17 by Senator Burton K. ^heeler (D., Mont.), speaking at the chief mem orial dinner for the former Farm Labor governor, Floyd B. Olson. NEW YORK.—Local 2090, United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Join BIDDLE WARNS llAGAINST LOCAL ALIEN ACTION WASHINGTON.—(FP) Action by I states and localities directed against aliens is frowned upon by the depart ment of justice. Francis Biddle, solicl tor-general in charge of the bureau of immigration | made known here July 8. and naturalization Biddle's views were stated in a let Iter to Gov. Prentice Cooper of Ten nessee written in response to a letter from Coo P er asking advice on methods P f Proceeding in the government's new regulations concerning aliens. most of the several million aliens in "I think there is little doubt that the U. S. are people who believe sin cere, y ,n the principles of American (entitled to the full protection of the Iaw - Now. as possibly never before, democracy," Biddle wrote. "Such loyal and innocent aliens are the federal and state governments should bend every effort to assure just treatment for all inhabitants of the U. S. "It requires little imagination to an un-(ticipate that if federal, state and local governments all enact statutes and ordinances requiring the registration of aliens and imposing other burdens upon them, not shared by citizens, these unfortunates will be subjected to constant harassment which will store up within them understandable resentment tending to drive them farther and farther from embracing the principles for which this country has always stood." ers (A.F.L.) won the second round of its fight against suspension for ob peeling to a fraudulent referendum, when the appellate division on June 18 granted an injuction restraining | the union's district council from sus | pending the local, TRENTON.—Faced with a storm of criticism from state and relief of ficials and from labor and civic or Eanizations, New Jersey Relief Direc U or Arthur Mudd announced June 16 the abandonment of his proposal to deny relief to single men eligible for military service. Noyes 1 nlts fir8t year of operation. t,le T -W.U. reported June 21. group medical plan of the Transport Workers Union (C.I.O.) one of the most extensive and comprehensive health programs yet undertaken by any labor union, benefited 11,835 of New York's 55, 000 subway, streetcar and bus em NEW YORK.—The . ..— - - POWELL POSSESSES NEEDED EXPERIENCE for Good Official Great Falls Candidate for Railroad and Public Service Commission Is An Engineer of Ability r mSm I# Progressive Successful Business Man Competent Experienced Engineer m v* - ; '■W\ Why the Public Should Be Interested in the PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION It is of Greatest Importance to Montana's Agricultural, Industrial and Labor interests. Transportation of Both People and Materials, Products Going Out and Coming In Is Regulated by the Railroad and Public Serv ice Commission. The food you eat, the clothing you wear, the gasoline you bum, the rates you pay for natural gas, electricity and transportation—all affected by this important State Board. are freight rates, the Motor Carrier Act, the safety appliances inspection department, and others. West Powell is convinced that every citizen of Montana is interested in knowing the duties and responsibilities of these many jobs. To handle this business and give you the service that you pay for and make your tax dollar a well-spent dollar requires a man of ability, technical training, and matured judgment. It requires a man who knows Montana's needs and problems. West Powell has made a detailed and in tensive study of the duties, functions, and history of the Railroad Commission since its inception in 1907. He is the head of a successful engineer ing business. In studying the myriad func tions and departments of the Commission, such as the Fair Trades Act, the Public Service Commission, gasoline pump license and inspection department, the Railroad (Paid Pol. Adv. by Powell for Railroad Commissioner Club.) During his many years as an independ ent electrical and mechanical engineer, Mr. Powell has had opportunity to study the vast resources and transportation facilities of this state. He has studied and sup ported rural electrification throughout Montana. His many friends among the farmers, businessmen and workers of the state are very interested and active in his present campaign. r AN OPEN LETTER TO .8 8 . Ronan, Montana July 4, 1940 His Excellency Roy E. Ayers, Governor, State of Montana Helena, Montana Dear Governor: There is a saying: "To err is hu man, to forgive divine." If there is to be a forgiveness for "your" so called business administration of the state affairs the past four years sure ly it will not be by the people of Montana, and to substantiate let's briefly review some "facts" which you cannot deny. In your campaign four years ago you stated that Federal Bureaus were dominating the State Fish and Game Department and if elected you would correct this con dition, promise? Under date of Dec. 27, 1937 "you" wrote H. A. Wallace, secretary of agri culture stating that "you" and your Fish and Game Commission would ask the state legislature to "enable" the Plttman-Robertson Act, and this Act (with the consent of the state) places control of wildlife under federal Inl Was that just a political Therefore you and your com mua. mission asked the legislative body to surrender state sovereignty, but the legislators refused to sell the people ot Montana "down the river." If this Act did not ask for the surrender of state sovereignty, then why did Sen ator Wheeler introduce in congress S. B. 3739? During the past four years federal bureaus have acquired in Montana ap proximately one million acres of land as federal refuges, and have taken "exclusive" jurisdiction over wildlife thereon, and I say the acquisitions are in violation of the statutes both fed eral and state, cite; Bowdoin Lake, Medicine Lake, Red Rock Lake, Fort Peck and other federal refuges. You have said: "I am a states right man," if so, why no action on these usurpa tions of states rights? The court of last resort has held; "That the wild game is owned by the state in its sovereign capacity in trust for the people of the state subject to regula tion by its law making body." Now to briefly review "your" com mission and some ot the employees: J. W. Carney, deputy game warden is paid a salary of $2,700 per annum, and Section 3661 R. C. M. provides; the maximum salary for a deputy game warden to be $2,100 per annum. Why the plus $600? John Weaver, a son of J. A. Weaver, state game warden and Wesley Fisher, a son-in-law of J. W. Carney are on the fish and Please define Mon game pay-roll. tana's "nepotism law." Take a look at expense claims Nos. 734717, 734718, meals and lodging by J. W. Carney and J, A. Weaver in amounts of seven and eight dollars for one day. Section 459.1 R. C. M. provides a maximum of $4.00 per day. Why are the above gentlemen allowed seven and eight dollars? The bus fare Laurel, Mont., to Cody Wyo., and return is $4.05. B. L. Price chairman of the Fish and Game Com mission was paid $14.84; refer war rant No. 128804. The bus fare Lewis town to Livingston and return is $8.65 Harry R. Lay, commissioner was paid $20.86; refer claim 735751. The bus fare Whitefish to Helena and return is $9.45. P. G. Guthenshon, commis sioner, was paid $36.26; refer warrant 108774. This money was paid out of the funds provided by the people of Montana who buy licenses to hunt and fish, and you say a business adminis tration of the states affairs under your regime. Governor this is but a "brief" review of your so-called "business ad ministration" a FACT that yoij well know. And you approved the pay rolls and expense claims above refered to. Doesn't your conscience ever bother you when you are hiding be hind the "mike" to carry on your po litical campaign? Come out, let the people ask you some questions about "your" wonderful administration. Eighty thousand Montanans contrib ute annually to provide the funds for the Fish and Game Department so let's give them some FACTS not Fic tion. Perhaps you are a disciple of that "The American people like to be hum bugged, the bigger the hum-bug the better they like it." we should have the story not later than November. Sincerely, THOS. O. PEASLEY. Well, anyway WHO FAKES THE NEWS? A munitions scandal, surpassing most lit the history of the merchants of death, was hushed In the press. In fact, Its participants were praised, when the Administration gave old guns and ammunition to U. S. Steel to sell to the Allies. World-Telegram said "the cost to the U. S. was $200,000,000; the govern, ment will be credited with about $50, 000 , 000 ." Wall Stree Journal, col. 1, page 3. June 8, said government would bo credited "with a $25,000,000 to $50,000, 000 down payment on new orders."— In Fact.