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THE PEOPLE'S VOICE
Published Weekly by The People's Voice Publishing Co.
at 1205 Lockey Street, Helena, Montana
P. O. Box 838
Entered as Second Class Matter December 7, 1939 at the Post Office at
Helena, Montana, under the Act of March 3. 1879.
CO-OP PUBLISHING
CO., HELENA. MONT.
H. S. BRUCE, Managing Editor
Subscription Price: Year $1.50; six months $1.00
No Commercial Advertising except from Co-operative Business institu
tions accepted. Rates on application.
A Six-Day School Week?
This sudden splurge for a six-day school week, ostensibly
based on concern for farm labor supply is not receiving un
qualified support from the educators assembled in Helena,
this week. To be sure, most of them are not considering the
question from the standpoint of what may or may not be neces
sary, but are prone to think of the advisability of the six-day
school week in terms of efficiency in teaching and learning.
And these considerations should certainly not be lost sight of
in mulling over the question.
It is problematical, certainly, whether very many of the
urban youth would be the least bit interested in working on a
farm, or be much good as farm workers for quite a while, if
they could be enticed to go after such work,
Most of the
urban youth, have become convinced that farm work is nothing
but drudgery for long hours each day and that the remunera
tion for such labor is small, as it usually is. Moreover, many
of the boys and girls in high school, are receiving vocational
training in some line or another, and those who are taking
training in some mechanical line are no doubt looking forward
to employment in industry and getting war time wages.
It is also a fact that a large number of high school stu
dents have employment on Saturdays to help out their families'
budgets, or to secure for themselves some spending money
which may or may not be important but certainly seems so to
them. Should the six-day school week be inaugurated, Satur
day employment will, of course, be impossible, or else attend
ance on that day will measurably drop.
Perhaps, cooping up the young people in schoolrooms six
days each week will shorten their attendance in terms of weeks
or months, but there is certainly a question whether it will be
conducive to education. "Cramming" is never very effective
from the standpoint of mental development.
From the viewpoint of what the six-day school week is
going to accomplish in the way of creating needed manpower,
it appears to this writer that it may finally resolve itself into
just another "gesture" for meeting the farm labor emergency
which is undoubtedly in the offing. The employment service
now has a division which is to work toward providing adequate
farm labor when the need arises. For this division of the em
ployment service, the plan of the six-day school week might
present very distinct advantages. This division will be able to
report, perhaps, if the school term is shortened by adoption
of the six-day school week, that on such and such a date, so
many hundreds or thousands of youth were made available
for work on the farm. It will sound good in figures but if the
number who are anxious to go out to the farms to work were
tabulated, the result might knock a hole in the data on the
accomplishments of the employment service insofar as it may
pertain to farm labor made available from the lengthening of
the school week.
It does not seem that curtailment of the opportunités for
education or any action that might conceivably hamper
education of youth or affect its possible efficiency should be
mandatory at this time. Not even to help the employment
service to make a showing. Other considerations are more
important.
Hopeful
Last Saturday, the state executive committee of the Young
Republicans met in Helena, and out of their deliberations on
the "State of the Union" came a strongly worded resolution
which is printed elsewhere in this issue of The Voice.
The organization recognized the need of housecleaning in
the Republican party and made a most militant demand that
this be brought about. If the Young Democrats would now
follow suit, and each one of the organizations follow up their
demands with militant action, the result might conceivably be
of advantage to the state and if national action is brought
about, to the country as a whole.
To be sure there are some discrepancies in the resolutions
adopted, presumably as the platform of the Young Republi
cans. These arise principally, when their resolutions entered
the field of economics,
things they condemn deserve castigation, but as Swift in his
poem to Ingersoll reproaching him for his atheism said "You
take, but give naught in its place."
Perhaps, if the Young Republicans are able to force re
organization of their party, the Young Democrats may be
forced to take a similar stand in regard to their party organ
ization. Then it is possible that other remedial steps may be
taken by both parties. Certainly both need to have leader
ship that is not living as much in a dead and buried past, as
seems to be the case now.
We might agree that many of the
any rate,
an interesting campaign. We might remind them both that
there are about 30,000 militant voters not bound by any party
ties in this state. Maybe some of them might also have some
The leaders of both parties might consult them on
ideas.
questions pertaining to practical economics applicable to party
platforms both to "run on and to stand on."
Pension Grab
That our senators and congressmen could have had the
illimitable gall to vote themselves pensions at this time is al
most incredible, yet in view of the attitudes of some of them
on many other matters, it is understandable,
general absense of criticism in the metropolitan press about
this conscienceless grab, indicates that the big shots controlling
capital and industry and the press which they also own and
control are content to see their "boys" help themselves to some
Moreover the
swag;
direct and indirect contributions to their stooges in the con
gress less burdensome.
The specious argument has been advanced that as sen
ators and congressmen they are government employees and
entitled to the same security for their future as are other gov
ernment employees. This is nothing but pure sophistry. In
the first place, a government employee takes a competitive ex
amination to prove his fitness for the position which he desires,
and it may be said that in most cases, generally the pay is
small and the only advantage which a government position
promises is that of possible permanent tenure. Moreover, the
employee is hired by the federal government to perform spe
cific public work, is barred from participation in politics and
his status, except, as noted above, with respect to possible
permanent tenure, differs in few essentials from that of an
employee in private work.
A member of the national legislature gets his employment
as such, directly from his constituents. The only competition
he has to enter is the contest against a political opponent. He
is directly employed by the people as their representative for
a definite time. While filling that office, he is paid a salary
commensurate with the responsibilities involved, and the con
census of opinion is that in most cases they are paid far more
than they are worth as representatives of the great mass of
common people who employ them. When the people decide
that they want someone else to represent them; that the rep
resentative has not done his job as they expected him to do,
they discharge him. He isn't "retired" except the word be
used as a gentle expression. Actually the people "fire" him
and hire another in his place. His status then, if he be con
sidered a "government employee" would be exactly the same
as that of any other employee discharged for inefficiency. He
is not entitled to "retirement" pay or pension from the govern
ment.
The question that must occur to all American people is
"Where were all of these representatives who are always pro
fessing such great concern about spending government funds?"
Where were all those who weep crocodile tears of anguish
when an appropriation is being made to keep American citi
zens from going hungry?
guardians of public funds who storm and rave about the coun
try's financial condition going to the bow-wows if an appro
priation is made to provide a few extra dollars for the aged
who have earned everyone of those dollars a thousand-fold?
What excuse has congress now to offer for not passing a na
tional pension measure?
Where were all those stalwart
We piece of legislation an example arrant
venality. We challenge anyone of those instrumental in en
acting the measure providing for this pension to justify it on
any grounds.
■a
a -
FROM EDITORIAL COLUMNS
Record Shows Grab Bill Trickery
The Spokesman-Review:—Many persons have wondered
why publicity about the pension grab bill, by which members
of congress, the President, cabinet heads and many other fed
eral executive officers were placed for the first time under the
civil service retirement act, was not given earlier, so that pro
tests might have prevented its final passage or its approval by
the President.
The reason is that the bill was sneaked through the lower
house as an innocent amendment to the civil service retirement
Its PUrnose
F
act and passed without debate or a record vote,
did not become known until it came up in the senate, where
it passed after a brief discussion and was signed by the Presi
dent.
A record vote was forced in the senate and it shows that
Senators Bone and Wallgren of Washington, Wheeler and
Murray of Montana and Holman of Oregon voted for it, while
Senators Clarke and Thomas of Idaho and McNary of Oregon
were recorded as not voting. There is no way of knowing
how the representatives from these Pacific northwest states, or
from any other state, for that matter, stood on the bill as it
passed the house by viva voce vote.
The Congressional Record of December 1, 1941, tells how
the bill was slipped through the lower chamber without dis
closing its real meaning, in the following simple record of pro
ceedings:
The clerk called the bill (H. R. 3487) to amend further the civil
service retirement act, approved May 29. 1930, as amended.
The Speaker pro tempore—It there objection?
any
to the bill, but this is a bill of 10 pages, and I am wondering whether
or not the gentleman from Georgia (Mr. Ramspeck) would give the
membership an explanation of it.
Mr. Ramspeck—Mr. Speaker, this bill undertakes to amend the
civil service retirement act in three or four particulars. It extends
the coverage of the act to quite a number of people who are not now
under the civil service retirement act or the social security act. It
extends the age limit at which people must be retired tor two groups:
One from 62 to 70 years, and one from 65 to 70 years, and permits
all employees that come under the act to retire at 60 years if they
have had 30 years in the government. It increases the rate of con
tribution for retirement from 3 y 2 percent to 6 percent. In brief, that
is what the bill does.
This masterpiece of deceit by omission of the truth oc
curred "one slumberous afternoon," so quietly that "seven
hawk-eyed reporters in the press gallery failed to note the
words 'legislative and 'elective officials, buried away discreet
ly in section 3," says the Detroit News, which comments bit
■Mr.' Speaker, I withdraw my reservation of objection.
Mr. Gon
terly :
Congressmen were among the "quite a number of people" for
whose benefit, according to Ramspeck, the retirement act was to be
extended.
The cheap trickery by which this measure thus was slipped
through the house sufficiently characterizes it. The attempt of the
congressmen to pension themselves was Intended as a deliberate
fraud on the American people.
Congressmen are not employees of the federal government, but
political officers.
and under present circumstances unconscionable, even apart from
the fraudulent manner of the undertaking.
The proposal to pension them is revolutionary
Co-operate for Profit
For the past several years there has been conspicuous
rivalry between Senator Wheeler and Senator Murray. Polit
ical matters of interest to the state were often neglected be
cause these two "rugged individuals" could not agree to co
operate.
The two senators had no difficulty getting together to vote
themselves pensions. When it came to personal profit they
swallowed their political hatreds, ambitions and ideals to line
their pockets with taxpayers' gold.
I have long admired Senator Wheeler's intestinal fortitude
in fighting and winning against fearful odds. I never ques
tioned his sincerity when he was fighting for the right. Now,
however, I find another political idol with feet of clay.
And while we are on this pension subject let us recall
that President Roosevelt vetoed every pension and compensa
tion bill presented to him that would benefit the veteran of
World War No. 1 He hastily signed the bill granting pen
sions to congressmen and senators and presidents and vice
presidents. How sincere was he when he was vetoing vet
erans bills?
This nation is at war against powerful and clever enemies.
The seat of our government is the congress. The congress
gives every indication of being corrupt. What a sorry mess!
What a bitter pill for Mr. and Mrs. John Public to swallow.
In conclusion I am willing to publish any defense Senator
Wheeler or Senator Murray may wish to present. That also
goes for President Roosevelt.—Missoula County Times.
The People's Voice also offers space to the senators for
any defense they feel able to offer.—Ed.
Dies Helps The Axis
If there are any Fifth Columnists on the Atlantic seaboard
signaling to axis submarines off shore, they owe a debt of grat
itude to Rep. Martin Dies of odious fame.
In the Sunday newspapers from coast to coast, Dies spread
' HOLLYWOOD
SHORTS
«.
By TED TAYLOR
In this town, where wisecracking
is one of the leading occupations, an
obstructionist underground is getting
In some dirty licks in word-of-mouth
propaganda.
Fortunately there are
also a number of propaganda-con
scious individuals here who are doing
their best to scotch the stuff.
Much of the poison is in the form of
cute little gags that are framed for
quick circulation by the "Did you hear
about the glamour girl who—" tech
nique.
To finish that one up and give an
example, "a certain glamour girl" who
finds her dates falling off is supposed
to call an army camp and offer to
do her duty and entertain one of the
boys. "And that's why the lonely gal
is a lone date with a lonely soldier."
Sort of dumb, but put that way and
whispered about, it appeals to a cer
tain type of idle speculator who loves
to name names. The effect is to make
the girls hesitate about jeopardizing
their popularity by being seen with a
man in uniform.
Gossipy bits or out-and-out gags, cir
culated by the unthinking, more or
less subtly ridicule air wardens, air
raid precautions, actors who give their
time to help defense bond sales, and
so on. Another type of gag burles
ques the FBI roundups of enemy aliens
or implies Inefficiency in airmail serv
ice, and such.
These start as night club small talk,
are snapped up by some of the gag
hungry columnists, and then are re
peated in all directions. When it is
considered that equally tunny jokes
may be created for constructive pur
poses, there is reason to suspect mal
ice.
One Hollywood trade paper column
ist had been retailing the obstruction
ist gag line consistently, climaxing
with three digs at defense angles and
one at labor in a single day's column.
Some of the publicity boys started a
backfire of gossip to the effect that
his stunt was drawing the attention
of the fbi and he suddenly reformed,
Coincident with the opening of the
Red < - !ross campaign for blood donors,
a new and nasty underground line of
tattle has started, obviously designed
has the familiar Introduction, "Why,
a girl I know has a friend who says
she called a Red Cross station, and
the nurse said. . . ." This you will
recognize as the way blatant World
War I lies were circulated.
Hollywood labor is wholeheartedly
giving its blood to build the bank of
life-saving plasm. AFL and CIO were
represented in the opening day's do
nors, and many of the unions are mak
ing mass appointments. Forty M.G.M.
grips kept one date, for example. Cecil
B. deMille was the most prominent
individual donor among the first 60.
The Los Angeles center is now put
ting 120 volunteers a day through the
short, impressive, and painless cere
mony.
Mark Freeland, crack New
picture exploiter, is handling the blood
procurement, aided by two volunteer
local publicists. The Screen Publi
cists Guild division of the Hollywood
Writers Mobilization for Defense has
placed volunteers with half a dozen
projects, and while waiting more spe
cific calls has its members turning
out slogans to fit every possible de
fense angle.
The writers' mobilization is a clear
ing house of screen and radio writers,
screen readers, cartoonists and news
papermen to handle all sorts of prop
aganda material. It is working close
ly with the actors-producers-agents
victory committee through which act
! ns talent is cleared for appearances
Some of the Iabor groups in Holly .
wood have thought up special chores.
The defense committee of the Screen
Office Employes Guild has taken re
sponsibility for inspecting arrange
ments at the Individual studios for
warning and sheltering all workers in
case of raid. Of course this is a
fire and police Job, but the SOEG is
making a double check wtih the real
istic approach of people who work on
the spot and are familiar with inti
mate but important details.
BRIGHTEN THE CORNERS
Cartier advertises a gold safety pin
with a diamond at $220.
For a mere $440, any union man's
wife can make diaper-changing a
sparkling joy.
the word that enemy agents are engaged in such activities and
that he proposed to "investigate" them.
It is, of course, possible that spies in the country are com
municating ship movements to lurking submarines off our
shores. If so, then Dies has given them ample warning.
This is, of course, not the first time Dies has been of as
sistance to the enemies of our country.
"committee" is one of constant attacks against people and or
ganizations which believe in and practice democracy.
If spies are working, as Dies says they are, then he is
guilty of treason for warning them to take to cover. If this is
a figment of his imagination, then he again stands indicted
as a poltroon and a man devoid of honesty and common de
cency.
The record of his
It goes without saying that the properly constituted au
thorities, the intelligence departments of the Army and Navy,
the FBI and other government agencies, are the ones to deal
with espionage activities. They are not helped, but are defi
nitely handicapped, by the gyrations of this poll tax congress
man.
Unfortunately, the daily press always co-operates with
Dies when he needs publicity in the hope of wrangling another
appropriation from congress. He now wahts another $100,
000 and talks grandly of "investigating" the Ku KIux Klan
(with whom he has always co-operated) and shrieks about sig
nals to axis submarines.
The Dies Committee has constantly given aid and encour
agement to the fascist forces in our country, native and foreign.
If he was merely a nuisance once, he now becomes a positive
danger. Our country is at war. We cannot afford to toler
ate, much less finance, an American Quisling.
The American people must let congress know that the
Dies committee must go.—Washington New Dealer.
f
OPINIONS OF READERS
Publications of communications under this heading, does not imply »fcff
The Voice agrees or disagrees with the opinions expressed. Letters sub
mitted for this department should be brief and the subject matter dis
cussed to some degree at least, objectively.
Circle, Mont., Feb. 2, 1942
Editor, People's Voice:
As my subscription to The Voice
has expired please discontinue send
ing it as I am unable to pay for same
thanks to the operation of the AAA
as my little crop of wheat is hot
wheat and I refuse to pay any pen
alty. All I have asked is to be al
lowed privilege to make my own liv
ing and no little handouts from the
government. While I am almost 80
years old I can still make my own
way if allowed to do so. I accept no
pension, WPA or other form of relief.
I was among the first to subscribe
for your paper around here and hate
to have to give It up.
Yours truly,
E. S. McKEAN.
I am a REAL small dirt
farmer, not a banker, county official
or business man, many of whom are
in the farming deal big, expecting us
fellows to patronize or vote them into
office, pay the taxes allowing them
the profit, and they all vote for the
quota as real farmers.
P.S. :
Creston, Mont., Feb. 10, 1942
Editor, The People's Voice:
Some time ago you stated in The
Voice that under the new Income tax
law a man making $2,000 a year would
have to pay $6,00 in income tax. Is
that not a mistake? You must have
meant $60.00 a year.
During the darkest year of the de
pression some of us small diversified
farmers on an income often less than
$1,000 paid more than ten times $6
twice a year. In fact all we could
scrape together and often some more
went for taxes and Interest. That
is of course the main reason why so
many farmers lost their homes. I be
lieve that a tax on income is the most
just tax system and tax on homes
the most unjust even more unjust
than the sales tax.
I wish some of the able writers in
The Voice would answer these ques
tions: How could the war we now are
engaged in be financed without bor
rowing the money?
Should U. S. bonds bear Interest?
the pile of gold, 20 billions
or more now in cold storage be made
to help finance the war?
Information on these subjects would
be much appreciated by farmers and
other workers in this community—
especially all of us that know what
it means to pay interest.
K. ODEGARD,
P. S.: I wish The Voice would give
us the truth about the so-called "Pen
sion Grab."
St. Ignatius, Mont.
Editor, The People's Voice;
Just listened to a discourse by Al
bert Warner on the serious question
of INFLATION. Now as an old man
and with memories of past crowding
forward, I fail to see the position
being taken by congress and big busi
ness as fair or just to primary pro
ducers and middle class and poor
consumers.
In the last 60 years, processors in
nearly every commodity formed trusts
removing the law of competition as
well as the law of supply and demand
and inflated prices on such processed
commodities to "highest point busi
ness could possibly stand." Now such
inflation created a corresponding de
flation in prices of labor and primary
products, hence, the purchasing power
of labor and farm products could bare
ly pay Inflated prices and taxes and
exist.
To illustrate, 60 years ago when
farm machinery was made and- sold
under competitive system, the price
to consumer was less than one third
of present price notwithstanding im
proved methods of manufacture has
advanced wonderfully, yet the farmer
advanced wonderfully, yet the farmers
have been forced to accept the price
fixing by the farm machinery trust.
Now fear of Inflation leads our gov
ernment to start anti-inflation on the
labor and primary producers and not
a word of consideration is given the
already inflated trust protected indus
tries. If our congress is really look
ing to the welfare of the masses, why
do they not take steps to first DE
FLATE trust fixed prices long since
imposed, when such inflation has al
ready deflated prices and brought a
great part of the common people to
the point of financial ruin?
Then how can our government ex
pect to Inflate our financial respon
sibilities as a people in payment of
increased taxes, when they are al
ready under the trust inflation so im
posed in past years?
Of course, since a great part of our
congress are corporation lawyers, we
could expect the question of inflation
to begin at bottom classes, Instead
of the top, and the question of placing
protected processors and speculators
on an equality with people outside of
their realm of power an influence as
out of thought, but the light of facts
may appear to the "goats" before the
question is finally settled.
Mr. Editor, will you • explain why
a suit of clothes containing raw ma
terial returning the primary producer
$1.00 to $1.50 should be returned to
him at a price of $26.00 to $30.00
under present improved modern meth
ods of manufacture?
Why a twine binder could be pur
chased 60 years ago for $76 to $90
is now priced at $285 to $300?
Why a ceiling is placed on farmers
eggs, meat, butter, etc., and no floor
under them, while is
on packers prices after the produce
passes out of the farmers hands?
E. B. S.
Clyde Park, Mont., Feb. 10, 1942
Editor, People's Voice:
I am sending you a clipping which
stresses a question on which econom
ic and financial problems seem to
pivot. Money, public finance. In the
face of all the previously unheard of
billions of dollars now being spent
by the U. S. government, the intelli
gent citizen wonders from what ocean
of wealth is this said money being
steam shoveled.
All the money that comes under my
observation is "FIAT" money—a full
legal tender for all debts, public and
private. Redeemable at the Treasury
of the United States of America.
Hence, congress is steam shoveling
these previously unheard of billions
of money from America's ocean of
public credit. But who clips the cou
pons from these billions and billions
' who furnish the credit also pay the
coupons?
bearing
Why should the whole people who
supply the credit, then permit a fa
vored racketeering group to clip in
terest bearing coupons, which cou
pons are the same "we the people"
Here is a deep and vital matter
of public waste which challenges the
intelligent investigation of all citi
zens. A question on the vital truth
of which we seem to know less than
we know about the movement of the
heavenly bodies and their influence
upon human beings and human events.
Hopefully yours,
R. D. KENNEY.
The clipping follows:
PATMAN
END 'INTEREST RACKET'
WASHINGTON.—Rep. Wright Pat
man, Texas democrat who was the
recognized leader in the protracted
battle in congress for the soldiers'
bonus, has Introduced a bill in the
house of representatives which would
end the Interest racket in government
bonds, which he said "would make
it possible to finance the war debt
without paying tribute to a few people
who are using the government's credit
and idle gold absolutely free."
Rep. Patman is the lone Texas
member of congress who has signed
the Townsend bill discharge petition.
He is recognzled as an authority on
money and financing.
The bill provides that non-interest
bearing bonds would be issued by the
government and deposited with Fed
eral Reserve banks, against which the
government can receive credit to meet
its
"The current estimate of what the
whole war s going to cost us is 150
billion dollars," Rep. Patman asserted.
"If we spend 150 billion dollars it will
cost four or five billion dollars a year
to pay the interest on this gigantic
sum.
"In all probability that is all the
taxpayers of this country will be able
to pay, and they will, therefore, be
unable to make any payments on the
principal of the debt.
"That being true, all the money that
will be raised in taxes to pay on the
national debt will go to the people
who are using the credit of the nation
absolutely free, and who have had
farmed out to them the use of the idle
gold free, and the people will thereby
be forced to pay a debt that is
less, wasteful, extravagant and unnec
essary."
Patman's bill also provides that no
more interest-bearing obligations of
the United States should be sold to
commercial banks, or banks receiving
deposits.
use
"The reason for such a provision Is
that such a bank does not give the
government anything in return for its
bonds," the Texan said in explaining
the section.
"The bank merely re
ceives the bonds and gives the gov
ernment credit in bookkeeping trans
marks, or
pen money.
Banks Create Money
"Every informed person admits that
under such circumstances the com
mercial banks create the money out
right. If money is to be created out
right, it should be created by the gov
ernment itself, and no interest paid
on it."
In closing, Patman declared that
the present national budget require
ments of 59 billion dollars would cost
every man, woman and child a total
of $447 in interest, to be paid to pri
vate banking interests which are
ing the government credit and gold
free.
US
WITH THEIR BOOTS OFF
Among other records set by Hitler
is one for the greatest number of gen
erals to die in bed.

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