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A REPLY TO MRS. ATWATER ]
tl m People's Voice Publishing Co. Helena, Montana. Gentlemen: The following is in answer to an article written by Mary M. Atwater of Basin, Mont., and published in one of our Montana daily newspapers. I hope you will oblige me by printing these few remarks. Evidently this lady either is not well posted as to her country's Ideals or else chooses to disregard them, otherwise she would realize that all are entitled to Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness. In other words we are all entitled to live and work and enjoy some of the natural fruits of our labors. Since the country has been In and is yet emerging from the darkest pe riod of its history, the years of de pression, it was and is essential that labor be provided in sections where Industry alone could not suffice. In what better way could this be done than by providing help and hospital ization for the sick and needy, build p ON OUR DOORSTEP n. By PARKER T. ANDERSON We have venerable authority for the statement that no man can serve two masters but rarely has the proverb been verified more grimly than in the case of the dollar-a-year men. 'These captains of industry chosen for key positions in the defense effort have frequently proven themselves obsta cles rather than accelerators in the scheme of national preparedness. It the committee of Investigation of which Senator Truman of Missouri Is chairman knows its onions, William S. Knudsen, the seven-league-boot man of General Motors moved with ernment contracts were to replace automobiles on the assembly lines. The Truman report has had the effect of displacing Knudsen and Donald M. Nelson will be the supreme czar of defense production. Patriotism Is In divisible. An item of information which comes under the head of interesting if true is related in a newspaper from Wales in the British Isles. The publication was recently received by a Welsh American family residing in Blaine county. The article avers Marshall Timoshenko the outstanding military tactician so far produced by World War II is a son of Charles Jenkins who went to Russia in 1880 as a mem ber of a party of technicians. While there he married a Russian girl and continued to reside in the country. Tlmo whose full name when translated into English is Timothy Jenkins was the elder son of this union. He com pleted his military education at the age of 23 and received the highest marks in his class on the subject of strategy. He was a captain in the first World war. Celtic and Slavoc blood should come to the attention of Herr Hitler who predicts his thesis of the superman on pure Nordic strains. This mixture of * With the mechanization of army equipment it looked like this war would run its course without calling upon the Missouri mule for assistance. But there is something astir in the mule market right now. reports a span of mules has been sold for $500. Tire shortage may be a contributing factor. The radio COOPERATIVE PRINTERS FOR Montana Co-operatives Labor Organizations and the Farmers Union Your Orders Early for TANK WAGON BOOKS SALESBOOKS CIRCULAR LETTERS ANNUAL STATEMENTS NOTICES OF MEETINGS POSTERS DANCE TICKETS RECEIPTS FILING CARDS And Place LETTERHEADS ENVELOPES INVOICES STATEMENTS CHECKS WHEAT STORAGE TICKETS GRAIN CHECKS ORDER BLANKS WE ARE EQUIPPED TO FILL ALL YOUR PRINTING NEEDS We Employ Union Workers and Use Union Made Paper Co-operatively yours EDUCATIONAL CO-OPERATIVE PUBLISHING CO. Box 838 Helena, Montana ing and Improving roads, helping the agricultural communities, and provid ing proper school facilities and health ful recreation for our young people. No one could ever assume that Mary Atwater has ever been In poor circumstances; nor can she be very well educated to the broader view of life or she would not condemn in smug complacency projects which have put bread into the mouths of many while proving of great benefit to civic improvement and the wel fare of the general public as a whole. X would ask Mary Atwater if she ever stood ln à bread line for hours waiting for a bowl of soup or faced a meal of dry bread and boiled beans, or less. Has she ever walked around with nothing to keep her feet off the ground. No, it is plainly evident from her attitude that she has always had sufficient of everything, probably without having had even to worry about earning it. I assume without asking that she has never had chil dren that had to stand around street corners watching with envy other children whp were fortunate enough to have the fare to a movie, or bicycles or other things with which to amuse themselves and keep out of mischief. Else she would realize the value of gymnasiums and community halls. And she "wouldn't know" about sewing rooms because she has appar ently never bothered to investigate, therefore she will never know the good work they turn out or how hard the people in them work. To a dosed and narrow mind it would be useless to point out the ac tual worth of the work done by WPA. But if the WPA had not been pro vided to enable people to work and so sustain their bodies and bolster their self respect, economic conditions as a whole would not be as good as they are today. And people like Mary Atwater would be paying out their precious money for the upkeep of on more hospitals, more prisons, and more insane asylums, and the morale of the common people would have been so poor that we would not have had the courage to face the war, let alone fight it. stronger than its weakest link, like wise a nation Is no stronger than Its economic system and the condition of the people in it. In conclusion I would point out that all Mary M. Atwater's complaints and fault finding is over projects that were approved before America was at war, and most of those for which money was actually appropriated have been completed. Sincerely, CATHERINE GOW. As a chain is no Organizer (Continued from Page One) secretary, today announced receipt of a letter from Gov. Forrest C. Donnell of Missouri stating that he had in structed the chief of police of Car ruthersville, the sheriff and the pros ecuting attorney of Pemiscot county to see that "all persons in that city are at all times protected In their right of peaceable assembly," and that he had ordered Investigation by the prosecuting attorney of the re ported attack upon a meeting of mem bers of the Southern Tenant Farmers Union. Governor Donnell's letter was in response to a wire addressed to him by the national officers of the Work ers Defense League upon receipt of a report of the attack upon the meet ing at Carruthersville. REPORT OF WORK IN SUPREME COURT FOR WEEK On Monday. February 2nd Peter M. Rlgg of Havre assumed the duties of clerk of the supreme court, being ap pointed to fill the vacancy existing by reason of the death of A. T. Por ter, former clerk. Mr. Rlgg Is a law yer and has practiced in Hill county for 25 years. He Is the first attor ney to be clerk of the supreme court since 1924. DECISIONS: February 7th: Gertrude M. Coffman v. O. R. Niece and Mary A. Niece. An appeal from the district court of Fallon county, Baker, opinion by Judge Albert H. Angst man. Unanimous The Nieces purchased 60 head of cattle with the understanding that the cattle were purebred and that certificates of registration were to be furnished by the seller, not done and when sued for the bal ance of the purchase price, the Nieces sought to claim damages for the fail ure to furnish the certificates. On the first trial the court awarded $5 a head damages, and on appeal the supreme court sent the proceeding back for a new trial on the grounds that the damages were insufficient. On the second trial, the district court awarded the Nieces $17.50 a head. Nieces claimed that this still was In sufficient and again appealed. The present decision holds that there was substantial evidence to support the award of $17.60 and the Judgment of the district court was affirmed. ORDERS: February 4th: State ex rel McFat ridge and others, members of the Montana Liquor Control Board v. Dis trict Court of Lewis and Clark county. This proceeding grew out of a case in the district court wherein O. H. P. Shelley, as receiver of a Red Lodge Held: That was distillery, sought to compel the Liquor Control Board to buy this Montana made liquor. The Lewis and Clark county court issued a peremptory writ of mandate directing the Liquor board to buy the liquor. The board came to the supreme court and received an order staying all proceedings in the district court until the case can be determined on appeal. Prepared and Released by: PETER MELOY, Marshal Supreme Court of Montana Trespassing— (Continued from Page One) ties in the labor field. FDR wants to be the man to bring about real labor unity, and that would be Hillman's big task as Secretary of Labor. If he accepts the Job, his friends say, it will be because the President insisted on it. Significance is attached to the fact that the President called Hillman in to help preside at the first meeting of the War Labor Board, held last Friday. * * * Allowed To Carry On Testmlony In the trial here of nazi agent, George Sylvester Viereck, prob ably will bring out the fact that Fran cis Moran, bellowing and vituperative Christian Front leader of Boston, Mass., purchased virtually the entire stock of books of Flanders Hall be fore that nazi publishing house went out of business recently. Flanders Hall, located in New Jer sey, published several books written by Viereck under various pseudonyms, all, of course, for nazi propaganda pur Flanders Hall, In fact, was This publish ing house also put out a book alleged ly written by Rep. Stephen A. Day, but it would be very interesting to know who the real author of the book it. Rep. Day himself is hardly in pos session of any literary talents. Moran is said to have purchased some 16,000 volumes of Flanders Hall's books, getting them "for a song." tribution of nazi propaganda literature are not primarily concerned with mon ey. Moran Is now selling complete sets of Flanders Hall books at "special prices"—$4.00 a set. what makes the wheels go round. Moran has been preaching that President Roosevelt and not Adolf Hitler is responsible for the war. Before Pearl Harbor, he was for im peaching the President. Now he is willing to wait until after the war. How nice of him! Just why fellows like Moran are permitted to do Hitler's dirty work over here is a mystery. Perhaps the historians of the future will be able to shed light on that. poses. Vlereck's institution. The boys interested in dis Moran knows The Sugar Shortage There seems to be quite a battle going on between the distilleries that manufacture alcohol with molasses and those that manufacture alcohol with grains, former for the sugar shortage. Fact Is that there will be a sugar shortage regardless who wins the above fight, according to all available data. This shortage can be laid directly The latter blame the on the door of the powerful sugar lobby here in Washington. This lob by has been able to get congress to do almost anything It wanted done, by way of setting quotas for the amount of sugar Imports from the various countries. This Is a form of government subsidy, which Is all right when the recipients represent big business, but wrong when the recipi ent Is either a worker or a farmer. * Dutch Weren't Fooled Dr. Hubertus Van Mook, lieutenant governor of the Dutch East Indies, now in Washington, tells a rather in teretslng story of the Dutch-Japauese oil negotiations conducted a year ago. Dr. Van Mook was In charge of the negotiations for the Dutch. The first negotiator sent by the Japanese was a general—not an oil nor a trade expert at all. And his n' LABOR'S NEWS EV BRIEF ». By Federated Press WASHINGTON.—A reduced volume of unfair labor practice cases and an Increased number of representation cases involving elections were re ported by the NLRB in its sixth an nual report to congress. WASHINGTON.—Charging that the record of Rep. Martin Dies (D., Tex.), chairman of the house committee to Investigate un-American activities, "has been one of the most sordid and reprehensible in the annals of the American congress." CIO Pres. Philip Murray asked congressional leaders to oppose the committee's continu ance. WASHINGTON.—Heads of the na tion's four major war establishments called upon striking welders In north west shipyards to return to work Feb. 3. The walkout was called by the United Bro. of Welders Cutters & Helpers (unaffiliated) to protest firing of Its members under closed shop agreements with AFL unions. WASHINGTON—Pressure from De troit groups, backed by the Detroit Federation of Labor, succeeded In re storing to Detroit negroes the So journer Truth housing project. Built for negro occupancy, the project was turned over to white tenants after the house public buildings and grounds committee had insisted on it as a condition for additional funds for de fense housing. WASHINGTON.—Haggling by Bos ton fishing boat owners over the terras of an agreement settling a war risk Insurance dispute with the Atlantic Fishermen's Union (AFL) forced the first showdown faced by the National War Labor Board since Its establish ment January 12. WASHINGTON. — Final settlement of the long-standing dispute between the United Electrical Radio & Ma chine Workers (CIO) and the Maytag Co. of Newton, la., was reached Feb. 1 with an agreement providing 10c to 25c hourly raises, union recogni tion, job security and night shift bon uses. The dispute began in May 1938 with a bitterly fought 98-day strike. CARRUTHERSVILLE, Mo.—Mob vi olence was used January 23 by local planters against a meeting of the Southern Tenant Farmers Union (un affiliated). Two days later, a negro mill worker was lynched in Sikeston, 60 miles from here. NEWARK, N. J.—Company unions should be called independent, com pany, company unionists attending the first meeting of the National Federa tion of Independent Unions January 30 were advised. Leading the federa tion are company unions of notorious ly anti-labor firms, including the Standard Oil Co., Curtiss - Wright Corp., Pequanoc Rubber Co., and Elec tric Boat Co. NEW YORK.—An offer by the To bacco Workers Inti. Union (AFL) to give 20,000 hours of free labor a week to make cigarets for the armed forces If the tobacco companies would pro vide the raw materials is being spurned by the manufacturers of Old Gold, Lucky Strike and Chesterfield cigarets. CINCINNATI.—To streamline its or ganizational drive in Cincinnati, the AFL has formed a city wide organizing committee with headquarters In the Railway Clerks Building. Tie com mittee Includes six and 10 local officials. EL CENTRO, Cal.—The Associated Farmers has lost its fight to make the army cancel a contract with a union firm for construction of an air base. When the A. F. learned that the successful bidder was under AFL contract, it brazenly declared that union shop Jobs in Imperial Valley would not be tolerated. The nation can have plenty of sugar If the men and women who cultivate the sugar beets and har vest the crop are given a decent liv ing, the department of agriculture has been advised. A plan for making the Rocky Mountain area "the sugar ar senal to feed the armies of democ racy" has been put forth by the United Cannery Agricultural Packing & Allied Workers (CIO). TRENTON.—Despite protests from consumer and union groups, the State Milk Marketing Control Board January 30 sustained a lc-a-quart in crease in milk prices ordered by State Milk Director Arthur F. Foran. The rise, effective February 6, brings store prices to 16c a quart, highest price in the country, and the delivered price to X7c a quart. HARTFORD, Conn.— The paternal ism of the Royal Typewriter Co. exited without applause when a first agree ment was signed with the United Electrical Radio & Machine Workers (CIO), averting a threatened strike of DENVER. on 5,500 workers. staff of some 40 assistants, the Dutch man related, also were neither oil nor trade experts, but rather experts on railroad construction, other forms of transportation, and the like. It was the kind of a staff a country would send preparatory to taking over an other country. That undoubtedly was what they had In mind, as revealed by other evidence. But the Dutch weren't fooled, even if some other people were fooled in their dealings with the Japs. Japs had shadows following them wherever they went—and they weren't shadows cast by their own bodies. The Dutch took particular note of the baggage of one of the Jap "oil experts." This Jap had just returned from a trip to Australia to conduct talks on wool trade. But he was no more a wool expert than he was an oil expert. The Dutch had a peep of The timisr 0 '# P ' ju. F.U.G.T.A. «. K 1m Isn't It the Truth? Kiss It Goodbye. $11,500,000,000 Profits. Facts From the Record. He may Like It. Speaking to a meeting of farmer delegates in Chicago on February 4. Chas. W. Stickney, Minnesota AAA chairman, told the men from Minne sota. Wisconsin, South Dakota, Ne "We braska and six other states: should put aside all thought of per sonal profit and direct all our efforts to achieving victory." truth? On the same page in the daily newspaper on which that report of Mr. Stlckney's talk to the farmers ap peared, these salient facts were set forth: Isn't it the "At present, wheat prices are at approximately 82 percent of parity, corn at 78 percent, while rye Is only 62 percent. Flaxseed Is quoted at 78 percent of parity." These are prices in Minneapolis. Figure how much profit the producer is asking, down on the farm! At that rate the farmer can kiss any parity hope goodbye, floors of congress and in the press of the Industrial east he is pictured as being "greedy" because he has the Impudence to ask a parity price, which is the cost of what he produces as measured by the cost of the commod ities he must buy. that all the fuss about a "ceiling" on farm prices of 120% of parity was just so much play-acting, ever reach the parity that James Pat ton, national president of the Farmers Union and M. W. Thatcher, chairman of the National Legislative Committee asked, it would give the farmer a prof it. Not having had that since wheat was $2.10 a bushel In the last World war, the farmer will be all hot and bothered to know what to do with the unusual excess, so rattled as to pay off the old mort gage that has been riding him like a nightmare for all these years when he has been getting LESS for his prod ucts than they cost him to produce. Yet on the Now he learns If prices He might even get There was some hot talk on the floor of the U. S. senate recently about profits—but not those of the farmer. profits of 100 great corporations hav ing contracts with the U. S. govern ment. Senator O'Mahoney of Wyo ming laid before the senate a part of the report of the Office of Pro duction Management, of which Leon Henderson Is the head. That report showed that one hundred such cor porations had taken, between June 1940 and September 1941, ONLY $11, 600,000,000 in profits, above cost of labor, above cost of raw material, and above management costs, the first 10 corporations on the list, as given by OPM and printed In the Congressional Record of January 8, 1942: Instead It was about the Here are dollars) Value ,. 961.5 .. 886.3 ,. 809.9 691.3 , 670.3 . 649.6 . 615.2 . 493.6 . 410.4 Corporation or Company: Bethlehem Steel . Curtiss-Wrlght . General Motors . Consolidated Aircraft . Glenn L. Martin . Douglas Aircraft . Boeing Airplane . New York Shipbuilding . United Aircraft . Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock . 389.2 In the face of that, the farmer is told to "Put aside all thought of per sonal profit!" In the Congressional Record of January 22, Senator Eilen der of Louisiana Inserted the figures of the annual income of ALL the farmers of the United States from 1910 to 1940. It's a most illuminat ing table, supplied by the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, Dept, of Agri culture. It shows that while 100 big corporations were getting 11% billion dollars in PROFITS, the farmers of the nation got as their entire Income $8,364,000,000, out of which they had to pay costs of farming operations, Including wages. Thus, for one year the farmer, who feeds and clothes the nation, got 3% BILLION DOLLARS LESS In income than the 100 cor porations got in PROFITS alone. Per haps the farmer likes this. It may even be that he has gone so long now without hope of making a profit that he Is willing to take 82 percent of parity for his wheat—and smile and like it! his private memorandum (diary) book, and this had nothing at all to say about wool, but rather about the loca tions of such things as gun mounts. A scribe at the National Press Club asked Dr. Van Mook why the Dutch, knowing what the Japs were up to, continued to ship oil to Japan. Dr. Van Mook permitted his associate, Dr. E. B. Van Kleffens, Netherlands min ister of foreign affairs, to answer that one. The answer was a gem. Said Dr. Van Kleffens: "I believe that some people In the American state department are in a better posi tion to reply to a question of that kind. with 67 percent of Its oil. We shipped Japan the kind of oil that would con tribute least to her war potential." Of all people, we Americans haven't the right to ask the Dutch why they shipped oil to Japan. Your country supplied Japan ON THE CAPITAL'S CUFF By HENRY ZON The U. S. senate recently heard a report from its special committee In vestigating the problems of small busi ness which declared small business Is facing bankruptcy because adminis trators of the war program are drawn almost exclusively from the ranks of big business. The same day war production board chairman Donald Nelson had a con ference with Assistant Attorney Gen eral Thurman Arnold who heads the anti-trust division of the department of justice. Nelson did not ask Arnold to drop anti-trust investigations and cases for the duration of the war. He merely indicated the WPB would be pleased if that was the course adopted by Arnold's division. ''The OPM," said the senate com mittee's report, "was utterly ruthless toward little business and there is no sign that the war production board will take a materially different atti tude. Tremendous loans have been made to large concerns and in some cases the government itself has built plants for companies to operate. But small business has had a tremendous difficulty in securing loans of any kind. "The history of the past year fails to record a case in which the govern ment has built a plant for any small concern, no matter how efficient, to operate. "Fifty-six of America's 184,230 man ufacturing establishments have been awarded over 76% of army and navy contracts. The remaining fragment of the defense program is distributed among about 6,000 prime contractors. Of the concerns not Included in the defense program directly, about 4,000 hold sub-contracts. Over 174,000 man ufacturing establishments have not been touched by the OPM In Its mob ilization of the nation's industrial re sources. "It is fortunate that the draft of manpower has not proceeded in sim ilar fashion or our army would con sist of extremely brave men, both regiments of them." Arnold's position in the dickering with the war production board Is that If a case is Important enough for the national defense to warrant winking at anti-trust laws, It is Important enough for the WPB to come out and say so and directly request that the case be held in abeyance. Nelson's position is reported to be that industry's attention should be centered entirely on war production and that it should not have to worry about anti trust suits that may be pending In one form or another. Anti-trust suits arising out of the future activities of firms concerned with war production. WPB officials say, do not worry them, powers as WPB chief supersede the anti-trust laws. The justice depart ment would be hard put to prove that a combination of manufacturers for the purpose of speeding production was In "restraint of trade." The relationship between the senate committee's report and the attempt of the WPB to get Arnold to call off his dogs Is close and direct. The senate committee, under the chairmanship of Sen. James E. Mur ray (D., Mont.), charges that the vast productive capacity, both in men and machines, that lies In small business is going untapped because men in the OPM and WPB were and are big busi ness-minded. It notes that power has been cen tralized In the WPB under Nelson and declares, "The very concentration Nelson's power In the new WPB only adds to the danger unless that power is correctly used." Anti-trust laws have as their pur pose the prevention of the concentra tion of power In the hands of a few industries, a concentration such as is stimulated by the loaning of huge sums of money to huge corporations. Holding in abeyance the legitimate application of anti-trust laws while « CHECK the EXPIRATION DATE YOUR ADDRESS SLIP on The VOICE If Your Subscription Has Expired Send in Your Renewal Promptly. on The subscription price of The Voice is lower than that of any other weekly paper in the state. "cream" of the news service of the Federated Press and other features not offered by any other weekly paper in the state. All of this costs money. We need money to meet expenses. Much of it must come from volume of circulation. And we cannot afford to carry "dead-heads" on our subscription list. We appeal to every stockholder to make of himself a "committee of one" to secure 10 new subscribers or re newals within the next 15 days. Let's make The People's Voice heard throughout the state. FILL OUT THE COUPON BELOW AND ENCLOSE $1.50 per year. You get the YOUR PAYMENT TODAY. PEOPLE'S VOICE PUBLISHING CO. BOX 838 HELENA, MONTANA Enclosed is $ in payment of years subscription to The People's Voice. New. Renewal Name. Address. n CIO CITES SEVEN REASONS FOR WAGE INCREASES WASHINGTON.—(PP)—-Seven rea sons why wages should be increased were outlined by the CIO in the Jan uary issue of its monthly publication. The Economic Outlook, The statement was presented to the last meeting of the CIO executive board, It Is noted, and the board passed a resolution calling upon affil iates to stress the necessity of wage Increases In coming negotiations. Since the board's meeting the United Auto Workers (CIO) has form ulated demands to be presented to General Motors which call for $1 a day increase while the Steel Workers' Organizing Committee (CIO) is push ing demands for a like increase from Bethlehem Steel. The seven points stressed by The Outlook are: 1. Profits of Industry have risen enormously in 1941 over 1940. Most of this rise has occurred since the last major wage increases. 2. The cost of living has risen 9.8% over the past year, January to Decem ber, and continued serious Increases are In prospect. 3. Increased money earnings of workers due to last year's wage In creases have been seriously reduced by the rising cost of living. Many of the increases have already been wiped out. 4. Industry continues to increase its output per man hour so that last year's wage increases have acted only to offset in part the Increase In pro ductivity. 5. Most workers still receive in comes insufficient to provide the standard of living necessary to main tain good health, full efficiency and well-being for the worker and his family. 6. A special field study by the CIO showed that wage increases went to buy better food, clothing and housing for workers, aside from that part of the increase which was lost through prices rises. 7. Wages should be increased In order to distribute equitably the in come of Industry. It is Improper for Industry to refuse wage Increases on the grounds that to do so would In crease general purchasing power to Inflationary levels. It is the function of the government price control, ra tioning and tax agencies, not to in dustry, to apply whatever anti-lnfla tlonary measures may be necessary and to apply them equitably." Indirectly answering the charge that workers' wages should be guided by the $21 a month paid soldiers, the Outlook noted that In many cases the drafted men contributed to family in come and thus helped maintain the family standard of living. About two-thirds of American fam ilies have more than one wage earner, the publication said, and loss of wages suffered through the drafting of one of the wage earners will have to be made up for by others in the family. LATE FOR WORK Rep. Martin Dies has announced that Japanese activities are a menace to the U. S. and should be investi gated. His discovery would have been worth the price of his costly com mittee if it had only come a little sooner. It seems that the worst sufferers from the Russian weather are the German generals. the government Is stimulating furth er concentration through loans and the placing of orders would seem to constitute a tremendous waste of the productive power of the 174,000 manu facturing establishments which the senate committee says are without war orders. It makes It almost as hard to talk about all-out production to these 174, 000 small try as It does to talk to the thousands of Detroit auto work ers who are jobless.