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The People's voice. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1939-1969, February 13, 1942, Image 3

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A REPLY TO MRS. ATWATER ]
tl
m
People's Voice Publishing Co.
Helena, Montana.
Gentlemen:
The following is in answer to an
article written by Mary M. Atwater
of Basin, Mont., and published in one
of our Montana daily newspapers. I
hope you will oblige me by printing
these few remarks.
Evidently this lady either is not
well posted as to her country's Ideals
or else chooses to disregard them,
otherwise she would realize that all
are entitled to Life, Liberty and the
Pursuit of Happiness. In other words
we are all entitled to live and work
and enjoy some of the natural fruits
of our labors.
Since the country has been In and
is yet emerging from the darkest pe
riod of its history, the years of de
pression, it was and is essential that
labor be provided in sections where
Industry alone could not suffice. In
what better way could this be done
than by providing help and hospital
ization for the sick and needy, build
p
ON OUR
DOORSTEP
n.
By PARKER T. ANDERSON
We have venerable authority for the
statement that no man can serve two
masters but rarely has the proverb
been verified more grimly than in the
case of the dollar-a-year men. 'These
captains of industry chosen for key
positions in the defense effort have
frequently proven themselves obsta
cles rather than accelerators in the
scheme of national preparedness. It
the committee of Investigation of
which Senator Truman of Missouri Is
chairman knows its onions, William
S. Knudsen, the seven-league-boot
man of General Motors moved with
ernment contracts were to replace
automobiles on the assembly lines.
The Truman report has had the effect
of displacing Knudsen and Donald M.
Nelson will be the supreme czar of
defense production. Patriotism Is In
divisible.
An item of information which comes
under the head of interesting if true
is related in a newspaper from Wales
in the British Isles. The publication
was recently received by a Welsh
American family residing in Blaine
county. The article avers Marshall
Timoshenko the outstanding military
tactician so far produced by World
War II is a son of Charles Jenkins
who went to Russia in 1880 as a mem
ber of a party of technicians. While
there he married a Russian girl and
continued to reside in the country.
Tlmo whose full name when translated
into English is Timothy Jenkins was
the elder son of this union. He com
pleted his military education at the
age of 23 and received the highest
marks in his class on the subject of
strategy. He was a captain in the
first World war.
Celtic and Slavoc blood should come
to the attention of Herr Hitler who
predicts his thesis of the superman
on pure Nordic strains.
This mixture of
*
With the mechanization of army
equipment it looked like this war
would run its course without calling
upon the Missouri mule for assistance.
But there is something astir in the
mule market right now.
reports a span of mules has been
sold for $500. Tire shortage may be
a contributing factor.
The radio
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LETTERHEADS
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ing and Improving roads, helping the
agricultural communities, and provid
ing proper school facilities and health
ful recreation for our young people.
No one could ever assume that
Mary Atwater has ever been In poor
circumstances; nor can she be very
well educated to the broader view of
life or she would not condemn in
smug complacency projects which
have put bread into the mouths of
many while proving of great benefit
to civic improvement and the wel
fare of the general public as a whole.
X would ask Mary Atwater if she
ever stood ln à bread line for hours
waiting for a bowl of soup or faced
a meal of dry bread and boiled beans,
or less. Has she ever walked around
with nothing to keep her feet off the
ground. No, it is plainly evident from
her attitude that she has always had
sufficient of everything, probably
without having had even to worry
about earning it. I assume without
asking that she has never had chil
dren that had to stand around
street corners watching with envy
other children whp were fortunate
enough to have the fare to a movie,
or bicycles or other things with which
to amuse themselves and keep out of
mischief. Else she would realize the
value of gymnasiums and community
halls.
And she "wouldn't know" about
sewing rooms because she has appar
ently never bothered to investigate,
therefore she will never know the
good work they turn out or how hard
the people in them work.
To a dosed and narrow mind it
would be useless to point out the ac
tual worth of the work done by WPA.
But if the WPA had not been pro
vided to enable people to work and
so sustain their bodies and bolster
their self respect, economic conditions
as a whole would not be as good as
they are today. And people like Mary
Atwater would be paying out their
precious money for the upkeep of
on
more hospitals, more prisons, and
more insane asylums, and the morale
of the common people would have
been so poor that we would not have
had the courage to face the war, let
alone fight it.
stronger than its weakest link, like
wise a nation Is no stronger than Its
economic system and the condition of
the people in it.
In conclusion I would point out that
all Mary M. Atwater's complaints and
fault finding is over projects that
were approved before America was at
war, and most of those for which
money was actually appropriated
have been completed.
Sincerely,
CATHERINE GOW.
As a chain is no
Organizer
(Continued from Page One)
secretary, today announced receipt of
a letter from Gov. Forrest C. Donnell
of Missouri stating that he had in
structed the chief of police of Car
ruthersville, the sheriff and the pros
ecuting attorney of Pemiscot county
to see that "all persons in that city
are at all times protected In their
right of peaceable assembly," and
that he had ordered Investigation by
the prosecuting attorney of the re
ported attack upon a meeting of mem
bers of the Southern Tenant Farmers
Union.
Governor Donnell's letter was in
response to a wire addressed to him
by the national officers of the Work
ers Defense League upon receipt of
a report of the attack upon the meet
ing at Carruthersville.
REPORT OF WORK
IN SUPREME
COURT FOR WEEK
On Monday. February 2nd Peter M.
Rlgg of Havre assumed the duties of
clerk of the supreme court, being ap
pointed to fill the vacancy existing
by reason of the death of A. T. Por
ter, former clerk. Mr. Rlgg Is a law
yer and has practiced in Hill county
for 25 years. He Is the first attor
ney to be clerk of the supreme court
since 1924.
DECISIONS:
February 7th: Gertrude M. Coffman
v. O. R. Niece and Mary A. Niece.
An appeal from the district court of
Fallon county, Baker,
opinion by Judge Albert H. Angst
man.
Unanimous
The Nieces purchased 60
head of cattle with the understanding
that the cattle were purebred and that
certificates of registration were to be
furnished by the seller,
not done and when sued for the bal
ance of the purchase price, the Nieces
sought to claim damages for the fail
ure to furnish the certificates. On
the first trial the court awarded $5
a head damages, and on appeal the
supreme court sent the proceeding
back for a new trial on the grounds
that the damages were insufficient.
On the second trial, the district court
awarded the Nieces $17.50 a head.
Nieces claimed that this still was In
sufficient and again appealed. The
present decision holds that there was
substantial evidence to support the
award of $17.60 and the Judgment of
the district court was affirmed.
ORDERS:
February 4th: State ex rel McFat
ridge and others, members of the
Montana Liquor Control Board v. Dis
trict Court of Lewis and Clark county.
This proceeding grew out of a case
in the district court wherein O. H. P.
Shelley, as receiver of a Red Lodge
Held:
That was
distillery, sought to compel the Liquor
Control Board to buy this Montana
made liquor. The Lewis and Clark
county court issued a peremptory writ
of mandate directing the Liquor board
to buy the liquor. The board came
to the supreme court and received
an order staying all proceedings in
the district court until the case can
be determined on appeal.
Prepared and Released by:
PETER MELOY, Marshal
Supreme Court of Montana
Trespassing—
(Continued from Page One)
ties in the labor field.
FDR wants to be the man to bring
about real labor unity, and that would
be Hillman's big task as Secretary
of Labor. If he accepts the Job, his
friends say, it will be because the
President insisted on it.
Significance is attached to the fact
that the President called Hillman in
to help preside at the first meeting
of the War Labor Board, held last
Friday.
* * *
Allowed To Carry On
Testmlony In the trial here of nazi
agent, George Sylvester Viereck, prob
ably will bring out the fact that Fran
cis Moran, bellowing and vituperative
Christian Front leader of Boston,
Mass., purchased virtually the entire
stock of books of Flanders Hall be
fore that nazi publishing house went
out of business recently.
Flanders Hall, located in New Jer
sey, published several books written
by Viereck under various pseudonyms,
all, of course, for nazi propaganda pur
Flanders Hall, In fact, was
This publish
ing house also put out a book alleged
ly written by Rep. Stephen A. Day,
but it would be very interesting to
know who the real author of the book
it. Rep. Day himself is hardly in pos
session of any literary talents.
Moran is said to have purchased
some 16,000 volumes of Flanders
Hall's books, getting them "for a
song."
tribution of nazi propaganda literature
are not primarily concerned with mon
ey. Moran Is now selling complete
sets of Flanders Hall books at "special
prices"—$4.00 a set.
what makes the wheels go round.
Moran has been preaching that
President Roosevelt and not Adolf
Hitler is responsible for the war.
Before Pearl Harbor, he was for im
peaching the President. Now he is
willing to wait until after the war.
How nice of him!
Just why fellows like Moran are
permitted to do Hitler's dirty work
over here is a mystery. Perhaps the
historians of the future will be able
to shed light on that.
poses.
Vlereck's institution.
The boys interested in dis
Moran knows
The Sugar Shortage
There seems to be quite a battle
going on between the distilleries that
manufacture alcohol with molasses
and those that manufacture alcohol
with grains,
former for the sugar shortage. Fact
Is that there will be a sugar shortage
regardless who wins the above fight,
according to all available data.
This shortage can be laid directly
The latter blame the
on the door of the powerful sugar
lobby here in Washington. This lob
by has been able to get congress to
do almost anything It wanted done,
by way of setting quotas for the
amount of sugar Imports from the
various countries. This Is a form of
government subsidy, which Is all right
when the recipients represent big
business, but wrong when the recipi
ent Is either a worker or a farmer.
*
Dutch Weren't Fooled
Dr. Hubertus Van Mook, lieutenant
governor of the Dutch East Indies,
now in Washington, tells a rather in
teretslng story of the Dutch-Japauese
oil negotiations conducted a year ago.
Dr. Van Mook was In charge of the
negotiations for the Dutch.
The first negotiator sent by the
Japanese was a general—not an oil
nor a trade expert at all. And his
n'
LABOR'S NEWS
EV BRIEF
».
By Federated Press
WASHINGTON.—A reduced volume
of unfair labor practice cases and an
Increased number of representation
cases involving elections were re
ported by the NLRB in its sixth an
nual report to congress.
WASHINGTON.—Charging that the
record of Rep. Martin Dies (D., Tex.),
chairman of the house committee to
Investigate un-American activities,
"has been one of the most sordid and
reprehensible in the annals of the
American congress." CIO Pres. Philip
Murray asked congressional leaders
to oppose the committee's continu
ance.
WASHINGTON.—Heads of the na
tion's four major war establishments
called upon striking welders In north
west shipyards to return to work Feb.
3. The walkout was called by the
United Bro. of Welders Cutters &
Helpers (unaffiliated) to protest firing
of Its members under closed shop
agreements with AFL unions.
WASHINGTON—Pressure from De
troit groups, backed by the Detroit
Federation of Labor, succeeded In re
storing to Detroit negroes the So
journer Truth housing project. Built
for negro occupancy, the project was
turned over to white tenants after the
house public buildings and grounds
committee had insisted on it as a
condition for additional funds for de
fense housing.
WASHINGTON.—Haggling by Bos
ton fishing boat owners over the terras
of an agreement settling a war risk
Insurance dispute with the Atlantic
Fishermen's Union (AFL) forced the
first showdown faced by the National
War Labor Board since Its establish
ment January 12.
WASHINGTON. — Final settlement
of the long-standing dispute between
the United Electrical Radio & Ma
chine Workers (CIO) and the Maytag
Co. of Newton, la., was reached Feb.
1 with an agreement providing 10c
to 25c hourly raises, union recogni
tion, job security and night shift bon
uses. The dispute began in May 1938
with a bitterly fought 98-day strike.
CARRUTHERSVILLE, Mo.—Mob vi
olence was used January 23 by local
planters against a meeting of the
Southern Tenant Farmers Union (un
affiliated). Two days later, a negro
mill worker was lynched in Sikeston,
60 miles from here.
NEWARK, N. J.—Company unions
should be called independent, com
pany, company unionists attending the
first meeting of the National Federa
tion of Independent Unions January
30 were advised. Leading the federa
tion are company unions of notorious
ly anti-labor firms, including the
Standard Oil Co., Curtiss - Wright
Corp., Pequanoc Rubber Co., and Elec
tric Boat Co.
NEW YORK.—An offer by the To
bacco Workers Inti. Union (AFL) to
give 20,000 hours of free labor a week
to make cigarets for the armed forces
If the tobacco companies would pro
vide the raw materials is being
spurned by the manufacturers of Old
Gold, Lucky Strike and Chesterfield
cigarets.
CINCINNATI.—To streamline its or
ganizational drive in Cincinnati, the
AFL has formed a city wide organizing
committee with headquarters In the
Railway Clerks Building. Tie com
mittee Includes six and 10
local officials.
EL CENTRO, Cal.—The Associated
Farmers has lost its fight to make
the army cancel a contract with a
union firm for construction of an air
base. When the A. F. learned that
the successful bidder was under AFL
contract, it brazenly declared that
union shop Jobs in Imperial Valley
would not be tolerated.
The nation can have
plenty of sugar If the men and women
who cultivate the sugar beets and har
vest the crop are given a decent liv
ing, the department of agriculture has
been advised. A plan for making the
Rocky Mountain area "the sugar ar
senal to feed the armies of democ
racy" has been put forth by the United
Cannery Agricultural Packing & Allied
Workers (CIO).
TRENTON.—Despite protests from
consumer and union groups, the State
Milk Marketing Control Board
January 30 sustained a lc-a-quart in
crease in milk prices ordered by State
Milk Director Arthur F. Foran. The
rise, effective February 6, brings store
prices to 16c a quart, highest price
in the country, and the delivered price
to X7c a quart.
HARTFORD, Conn.— The paternal
ism of the Royal Typewriter Co. exited
without applause when a first agree
ment was signed with the United
Electrical Radio & Machine Workers
(CIO), averting a threatened strike of
DENVER.
on
5,500 workers.
staff of some 40 assistants, the Dutch
man related, also were neither oil nor
trade experts, but rather experts on
railroad construction, other forms of
transportation, and the like. It was
the kind of a staff a country would
send preparatory to taking over an
other country. That undoubtedly was
what they had In mind, as revealed
by other evidence.
But the Dutch weren't fooled, even
if some other people were fooled in
their dealings with the Japs.
Japs had shadows following them
wherever they went—and they weren't
shadows cast by their own bodies.
The Dutch took particular note of
the baggage of one of the Jap "oil
experts." This Jap had just returned
from a trip to Australia to conduct
talks on wool trade. But he was no
more a wool expert than he was an
oil expert. The Dutch had a peep of
The
timisr
0 '# P ' ju.
F.U.G.T.A.
«.
K
1m
Isn't It the Truth?
Kiss It Goodbye.
$11,500,000,000 Profits.
Facts From the Record.
He may Like It.
Speaking to a meeting of farmer
delegates in Chicago on February 4.
Chas. W. Stickney, Minnesota AAA
chairman, told the men from Minne
sota. Wisconsin, South Dakota, Ne
"We
braska and six other states:
should put aside all thought of per
sonal profit and direct all our efforts
to achieving victory."
truth? On the same page in the daily
newspaper on which that report of
Mr. Stlckney's talk to the farmers ap
peared, these salient facts were set
forth:
Isn't it the
"At present, wheat prices are at
approximately 82 percent of parity,
corn at 78 percent, while rye Is only
62 percent. Flaxseed Is quoted at
78 percent of parity."
These are prices in Minneapolis.
Figure how much profit the producer
is asking, down on the farm!
At that rate the farmer can kiss any
parity hope goodbye,
floors of congress and in the press
of the Industrial east he is pictured
as being "greedy" because he has the
Impudence to ask a parity price, which
is the cost of what he produces as
measured by the cost of the commod
ities he must buy.
that all the fuss about a "ceiling" on
farm prices of 120% of parity was
just so much play-acting,
ever reach the parity that James Pat
ton, national president of the Farmers
Union and M. W. Thatcher, chairman
of the National Legislative Committee
asked, it would give the farmer a prof
it. Not having had that since wheat
was $2.10 a bushel In the last World
war, the farmer will be all hot and
bothered to know what to do with the
unusual excess,
so rattled as to pay off the old mort
gage that has been riding him like a
nightmare for all these years when he
has been getting LESS for his prod
ucts than they cost him to produce.
Yet on the
Now he learns
If prices
He might even get
There was some hot talk on the
floor of the U. S. senate recently
about profits—but not those of the
farmer.
profits of 100 great corporations hav
ing contracts with the U. S. govern
ment. Senator O'Mahoney of Wyo
ming laid before the senate a part
of the report of the Office of Pro
duction Management, of which Leon
Henderson Is the head. That report
showed that one hundred such cor
porations had taken, between June
1940 and September 1941, ONLY $11,
600,000,000 in profits, above cost of
labor, above cost of raw material, and
above management costs,
the first 10 corporations on the list,
as given by OPM and printed In the
Congressional Record of January 8,
1942:
Instead It was about the
Here are
dollars)
Value
,. 961.5
.. 886.3
,. 809.9
691.3
, 670.3
. 649.6
. 615.2
. 493.6
. 410.4
Corporation or Company:
Bethlehem Steel .
Curtiss-Wrlght .
General Motors .
Consolidated Aircraft .
Glenn L. Martin .
Douglas Aircraft .
Boeing Airplane .
New York Shipbuilding .
United Aircraft .
Newport News Shipbuilding
& Dry Dock .
389.2
In the face of that, the farmer is
told to "Put aside all thought of per
sonal profit!" In the Congressional
Record of January 22, Senator Eilen
der of Louisiana Inserted the figures
of the annual income of ALL the
farmers of the United States from
1910 to 1940. It's a most illuminat
ing table, supplied by the Bureau of
Agricultural Economics, Dept, of Agri
culture. It shows that while 100 big
corporations were getting 11% billion
dollars in PROFITS, the farmers of
the nation got as their entire Income
$8,364,000,000, out of which they had
to pay costs of farming operations,
Including wages. Thus, for one year
the farmer, who feeds and clothes the
nation, got 3% BILLION DOLLARS
LESS In income than the 100 cor
porations got in PROFITS alone. Per
haps the farmer likes this. It may
even be that he has gone so long now
without hope of making a profit that
he Is willing to take 82 percent of
parity for his wheat—and smile and
like it!
his private memorandum (diary) book,
and this had nothing at all to say
about wool, but rather about the loca
tions of such things as gun mounts.
A scribe at the National Press Club
asked Dr. Van Mook why the Dutch,
knowing what the Japs were up to,
continued to ship oil to Japan. Dr.
Van Mook permitted his associate, Dr.
E. B. Van Kleffens, Netherlands min
ister of foreign affairs, to answer that
one. The answer was a gem.
Said Dr. Van Kleffens: "I believe
that some people In the American
state department are in a better posi
tion to reply to a question of that
kind.
with 67 percent of Its oil. We shipped
Japan the kind of oil that would con
tribute least to her war potential."
Of all people, we Americans haven't
the right to ask the Dutch why they
shipped oil to Japan.
Your country supplied Japan
ON THE
CAPITAL'S CUFF
By HENRY ZON
The U. S. senate recently heard a
report from its special committee In
vestigating the problems of small busi
ness which declared small business Is
facing bankruptcy because adminis
trators of the war program are drawn
almost exclusively from the ranks of
big business.
The same day war production board
chairman Donald Nelson had a con
ference with Assistant Attorney Gen
eral Thurman Arnold who heads the
anti-trust division of the department
of justice. Nelson did not ask Arnold
to drop anti-trust investigations and
cases for the duration of the war.
He merely indicated the WPB would
be pleased if that was the course
adopted by Arnold's division.
''The OPM," said the senate com
mittee's report, "was utterly ruthless
toward little business and there is no
sign that the war production board
will take a materially different atti
tude.
Tremendous loans have been
made to large concerns and in some
cases the government itself has built
plants for companies to operate. But
small business has had a tremendous
difficulty in securing loans of any
kind.
"The history of the past year fails
to record a case in which the govern
ment has built a plant for any small
concern, no matter how efficient, to
operate.
"Fifty-six of America's 184,230 man
ufacturing establishments have been
awarded over 76% of army and navy
contracts.
The remaining fragment
of the defense program is distributed
among about 6,000 prime contractors.
Of the concerns not Included in the
defense program directly, about 4,000
hold sub-contracts. Over 174,000 man
ufacturing establishments have not
been touched by the OPM In Its mob
ilization of the nation's industrial re
sources.
"It is fortunate that the draft of
manpower has not proceeded in sim
ilar fashion or our army would con
sist of extremely brave men, both
regiments of them."
Arnold's position in the dickering
with the war production board Is that
If a case is Important enough for the
national defense to warrant winking
at anti-trust laws, It is Important
enough for the WPB to come out and
say so and directly request that the
case be held in abeyance.
Nelson's position is reported to be
that industry's attention should be
centered entirely on war production
and that it should not have to worry
about anti trust suits that may be
pending In one form or another.
Anti-trust suits arising out of the
future activities of firms concerned
with war production. WPB officials
say, do not worry them,
powers as WPB chief supersede the
anti-trust laws. The justice depart
ment would be hard put to prove that
a combination of manufacturers for
the purpose of speeding production
was In "restraint of trade."
The relationship between the senate
committee's report and the attempt
of the WPB to get Arnold to call
off his dogs Is close and direct.
The senate committee, under the
chairmanship of Sen. James E. Mur
ray (D., Mont.), charges that the vast
productive capacity, both in men and
machines, that lies In small business
is going untapped because men in the
OPM and WPB were and are big busi
ness-minded.
It notes that power has been cen
tralized In the WPB under Nelson
and declares, "The very concentration
Nelson's
power In the new WPB only adds
to the danger unless that power is
correctly used."
Anti-trust laws have as their pur
pose the prevention of the concentra
tion of power In the hands of a few
industries, a concentration such as is
stimulated by the loaning of huge
sums of money to huge corporations.
Holding in abeyance the legitimate
application of anti-trust laws while
«
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n
CIO CITES SEVEN
REASONS FOR
WAGE INCREASES
WASHINGTON.—(PP)—-Seven rea
sons why wages should be increased
were outlined by the CIO in the Jan
uary issue of its monthly publication.
The Economic Outlook,
The statement was presented to the
last meeting of the CIO executive
board, It Is noted, and the board
passed a resolution calling upon affil
iates to stress the necessity of wage
Increases In coming negotiations.
Since the board's meeting the
United Auto Workers (CIO) has form
ulated demands to be presented to
General Motors which call for $1 a
day increase while the Steel Workers'
Organizing Committee (CIO) is push
ing demands for a like increase from
Bethlehem Steel.
The seven points stressed by The
Outlook are:
1. Profits of Industry have risen
enormously in 1941 over 1940. Most
of this rise has occurred since the
last major wage increases.
2. The cost of living has risen 9.8%
over the past year, January to Decem
ber, and continued serious Increases
are In prospect.
3. Increased money earnings of
workers due to last year's wage In
creases have been seriously reduced
by the rising cost of living. Many of
the increases have already been wiped
out.
4. Industry continues to increase its
output per man hour so that last
year's wage increases have acted only
to offset in part the Increase In pro
ductivity.
5. Most workers still receive in
comes insufficient to provide the
standard of living necessary to main
tain good health, full efficiency and
well-being for the worker and his
family.
6. A special field study by the CIO
showed that wage increases went to
buy better food, clothing and housing
for workers, aside from that part of
the increase which was lost through
prices rises.
7. Wages should be increased In
order to distribute equitably the in
come of Industry. It is Improper for
Industry to refuse wage Increases on
the grounds that to do so would In
crease general purchasing power to
Inflationary levels. It is the function
of the government price control, ra
tioning and tax agencies, not to in
dustry, to apply whatever anti-lnfla
tlonary measures may be necessary
and to apply them equitably."
Indirectly answering the charge
that workers' wages should be guided
by the $21 a month paid soldiers, the
Outlook noted that In many cases the
drafted men contributed to family in
come and thus helped maintain the
family standard of living.
About two-thirds of American fam
ilies have more than one wage earner,
the publication said, and loss of wages
suffered through the drafting of one
of the wage earners will have to be
made up for by others in the family.
LATE FOR WORK
Rep. Martin Dies has announced
that Japanese activities are a menace
to the U. S. and should be investi
gated.
His discovery would have been
worth the price of his costly com
mittee if it had only come a little
sooner.
It seems that the worst sufferers
from the Russian weather are the
German generals.
the government Is stimulating furth
er concentration through loans and
the placing of orders would seem to
constitute a tremendous waste of the
productive power of the 174,000 manu
facturing establishments which the
senate committee says are without
war orders.
It makes It almost as hard to talk
about all-out production to these 174,
000 small try as It does to talk to
the thousands of Detroit auto work
ers who are jobless.

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