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The People's voice. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1939-1969, June 05, 1942, Image 3

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■«
THE WORKER GETS THE BLAME
.B
u.
The editorial "The Peril That Con
fronts Us" by Edward T. Leach of
the Pittsburgh Press and appearing
In the May issue of Readers Digest
purports to awaken the nation to the
"gravity of the peril that confronts It."
To the extent that this editorial
undertakes to name the specific dang
ers to Democracy and the specific
psychology, policies, and attitudes In
America that tend to encourage fas
cism, it is without a doubt the prize
misrepresentation of the common man
and a complete failure In presenting
the whole situation.
Whether the content and spirit of
the editorial resulted from the writers
partiality and utter failure to see the
total situation or is a deliberate, Phar
isaical but artistic summing up of all
the libelous and vicious attacks made
on the common man and his cause
during recent months the evil done Is
the same.
To hundreds of thousands who read
this article reprinted widely In the
daily press, the worker with his sup
porters stands alone Indcited as the
sole obstacle to a speedy victory of
Democracy over the forces of evil.
Maximum
phaslzed as the key to success can
not be achieved says the author:
■ "Not until we quit thinking in terms
of less work and more money." The
author says nothing about the curbs
and slow-downs due to the cartel ar
rangements between American firms
and the Nazi's I. G. Farbenindustrie,
The author does not tell us as does
Walter R. Hutchinson, special assist
ant to the attorney general that
"These agreements have not only vio
lated the anti-trust laws, but have also
forced their signers Into a position of
opposing the enunciated foreign pol
icy of this government."
The author does not know or does
not care to tell us about methyl meth
acrylote cost sheeting, synthetic glass,
for which there Is no suitable substi
tute in the making of war planes,
weighing less than half as much as
glass and more transparent. He does
not tell us that the cartel of I. G.
Farbenindustrie, Rohm and Hass of
Germany, and I. E duPont limited the
duPont production of synthetic glass
to less than war needs.
"Not while there is greater concern
about overtime pay than overtime pro
duction," says the author.
He does not tell us about cartel
arrangements between American firms
and the nazi Farbenindustrle restrict
ing the production of magnesium in
this country —a metal superior to
aluminum in the manufacture of war
planes. He does not tell us as does
Attorney General Thurman Arnold
that the actual damage to the nation's
war effort by this cartel was "Incal
culable." Getting a corner on mag
nesium is not concerned, evidently,
with overtime pay.
He does not know or does not care
to tell us that because of these car
tels the government was delayed and
had to pay out millions for the con
struction of magnesium plants.
"Not while farmer politicians are
more Interested in higher prices than
raising more essentials," laments the
author.
He does not care to tell us, or is
he ignorant of the fact that the du
Ponts and Rohm and Haas through a
monopoly have maintained a retail
price of $4 on basic material for den
tal plates that cost from 16 to 30
cents to manufacture.
Pie does not tell us that the gov
ernment last year rejected all bids for
the material receiving identical bids
from the major companies.
He, the author does not mention
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I
as a hindrance to production the pro
fascist slow down at the Brewster Air
craft plants where according to Amos
Landman a number of the foreman
were outspokenly pro-Hitler.
"Not while government bureaus—
created to meet an emergency that
has ended—continue to grab for them
selves money needed for armaments,"
says Mr. Leach.
Mr. Leach does not mention the
"grabs" by big firms made possible by
and
monopolies.
patents,
These must be regarded as "needed";
these are emergencies not "ended."
cartels,
He does not tell us as does Mr.
Hutchinson that through a cartel, Ger
many even after the European war
started, "got royalties on war planes
sold to England by the American "ar
senal of the Democracies."
"Not while an army of federal press
agents clamors to promote and per
petuate activities that have no pres
ent need or value."
If the author refers to the cartel
arrangements between the duPonts,
the Standard Oil, the Dow Chemical
company and aluminum trust on the
one side and the I. G. Farben Industrie
of Germany on the other side where
by necessary war materials have been
the author has by now hit upon an
Idea,
statements, might be thought to be re
ferring to the treasonable cartel
whereby the manufacture of synthetic
rubber was practically stopped In
America through the selling for a
consideration to the nazi I. G. Farben
curtailed and manufacture delayed
The author, except for the other
Industrie the patents to the process
and hence the right to manufacture.
"At the direction of Gérman Inter
ests," Mr. Arnold charged before the
Truman committee, Standard Oil re
fused to license independent produc
ers in the United States for the pro
duction of synthetic rubber.
Except for what he otherwise has
said, Mr, Leach might have referred
to the international "activities" of the
big boys that induced them (as dis
closed in a congressional hearing) to
deliver petroleum to the Canary Is
lands as late as 1941 for eventual use
of submarines tried repeatedly to
break the British blocade; and that
it tried to sell its Hungarian proper
ties to Germany for $24,000,000 in
gold in August 1941.
But Mr. Leach probably refers to
the new deal efforts to relieve the
distress of the poor— FSA, WPA, old
age assistance and other attempts of
a social character.
"Not while congressmen clamor for
factories and contracts as If war were
a great gravy train."
For whom has war always been a
gravy train ? '
"Not while strikes hamper war pro
duction, despite a solemn promise
that they would stop"
Does the author wish to Infer that
the minor delays by strikes which are
now negligible are bad and that the
delays and curbs due to monopolies,
cartels, and patents are good?
"Not while the llfe-and-death need
for unlnerrupted production is used
as a weapon to put over the closed
shop."
Does Mr. Leach wish to Infer that
labor made the right to organize a
condition of his defense of democ
racy?
The struggle for the right to organ
ize and unionize is not new. That
labor sought to defend the gains al
ready made is granted. It may be ad
mitted too that some leaders may
have appeared unduly concerned, but
in face of the terrific and vicious at
tempt to use the war as a means of
HOLLYWOOD
LOT
8.
By TED TAYLOR
The current Hollywood success
story concerns Milton Holmes, who
managed the Beverly Hills Tennis
Club until he got an Idea for a screen
story with an unusual twist and
dropped everything else for five
months to write It himself.
Holmes, who had never written any
thing for publication In his life, sold
the story. Bundles for Freedom, to
RKO, for a reported $30,000. That Is
big money for what Hollywood calls
an original—a story written specially
for pictures and never published.
It wasn't snapped up on sight,
either. Holmes lived through the old
Hollywood saga of genius crying Its
wares to the deaf ears of the geniuses
who got inside first.
The tennis court manager did find
a friendly ear In Billy Wilder, writer
and director who plays tennis and
who first encouraged him to develop
the story Idea. (It was about a big
shot gambler crashing one of the
World's great charities to get a bank
roll for his gambling.)
When the story had developed In
detail Wilder gave Holmes and his
manuscript an enthusiastic introduc
tion to an important agent.
The agent promised to read the
story, turned It over to one of his
associates, and forgot about It. The
associate read a tew pages and forgot
about It. Holmes went around but
tonholing people and telling them
about the story. He buttonholed Cary
Grant, who listened kindly and told
the amateur author to bring him a
copy of the story. But the agent had
the only copy. Holmes argued until
the agency made copies and sent them
around.
Everybody Liked It But the Blgshots
Studio readers at Paramount, MGM,
Pox and other lots made enthusiastic
reports on the unusual possibilities
In the newcomer's yarn, and Individ
ual producers agreed that It was In
teresting and In a fresh vein. Several
studios queried the agent on price,
but the agent had set no price. It
was all very vague.
Cary Grant got his copy and de
cided it was a story for him. It was
the star who bundled author, agent
and manuscript Into the presence of
an RKO executive and demanded ac
tion.
$30,000.
Thp rest of Hollywood, outside of
RKO, has since been frantically try
ing to determine who the guilty per
sons were who had a new idea in
He got it.
Holmes got the
their grasp and let it slip away. This
is Hollywood's old windup to such
epics.
The favorite alibi is that the pro
fessional readers who examine and re
port an all material submitted to stu
dios failed to call attention to the
gem. On this occasion, however, the
Screen Readers Guild (unafflllated)
took the trouble to check up with
every reading department and found
that without exception Bundles for
Freedom had been given glowing rec
ommendaions for the attention of
hlgherups.
for $25,000 with no trouble at all. He
the Hollywood - seasoned
Brackett.
In Hollywood It's a Happy Ending
Selling your first story In Holly
wood is like getting the first olive
out of the bottle.
Holmes got to
work on another original called Salty
O'Rourke and sold it to Paramount
gets a term writing contract to boot.
First he finishes scripting Bundles
for Freedom for RKO, teamed up with
Charles
destroying labor's rights that is ex
cusable. And certainly no group has
done more or know more fully that
in the defense of Democracy lies
America's salvation.
"Not while a man can't be employed
on an army project or In a war plant
until he pays off to a labor racketeer."
"Wake up America" says the Phar
isaical Leach. You can't win the war
while It is necessary for a worker to
"pay off" to a labor racketeer. By
that he no doubts means the union
dues and initiation fees.
By what kind of imagination does
Mr. Leach see the defeat of America
so long as men must pay union dues
and initiation fees, and closes his eyes
to the curbs, delays, and slow downs
of industry due to the international
treachery of big industrialists that
have made such as synthetic rubber,
synthetic glass, and magnesium diffi
cult to get while the enemy through
these very agreements have had them
In abundance?
"Not while the grim job of prepar
ing our home communities against air
raids and sabotage is gummed up
with boondoggling."
It would have been easier to credit
the author with a sincere interest in
the success of Democracy if Instead
of pointing out only the dark side of
the Democratic processes he had
pointed out how to speed up the job
of training for home defense.
"We will not get maximum produc
tion, In short," says Leach, "unless,
first, we fully realize our awful peril;
and, second, get over the gimmes of
recent years."
Does he refer to the "Gimmes" of
the Big Boys? Evidently not.
The author sees danger only in
Gimme of "shorter hours." "higher
wages," "less work," "greater crop
benefits," "more pensions." While he
does mention bigger profits, it is as
sumed he refers to the little fellow.
"France had the gimmes, too, had
them till the Germans were close to
Paris. Then everybody went frantic
ally to work, too late."
That Is the author's final warning
to America. He evidently wants us
to believe that France went under be
cause of the gimmes of labor, farmer,
the common man,
This writer can not refute the gim
me argument as It refers to France,
for the author of the editorial may
have referred to the Gimmes of the
ruling class who prayed "Gimme Hit-'
1er and Fascism in preference to the
REPORT OF WORK
IN SUPREME
COURT FOR WEEK
ter Peschel.
CASES FILED
May 25th—Amy Lee Cullen v. Wal
An appeal from Lake
county Involving a case where Amy
Lee Cullen sought damages as a re
sult of an alleged criminal assault
upon her person.
ORDERS:
May 25th —Court denied petitions
for rehearing In two companion cases,
both entitled State ox rel. Lantz v. V.
E. Morrffc and others from Rosebud
county.
heretofore in these releases.
These cases were reported
Court refused to take
May 25th
jurisdiction of the case entitled State
ex rel. Pearl Assurance Co. v. John
J. Holmes, Insurance Commissioner.
The Pearl Assurance company asked
for a writ of certiorari to prevent
Holmes from holding a hearing to
determine whether the Pearl com
pany's license should be revoked.
Prepared and Released by:
PETER MELOY, Marshal
tiniist
II-DP JU,
F.U.G.T.A.
«
(a
T
%
«
m
Paul Appleby Spoke.
All Classes Present.
Waited in Silence,
Britain Is Changed.
Affectionate Regard.
The biggest little meeting ever to
be held in St. Paul, was that spon
sored by the Farmers Union Grain
Terminal Association and held on
Thursday evening ,May 28, at the St.
Paul Athletic CJub.
small, either, for about 360 persons
were present—but it was small in
comparison to the annual meetings
held by farmers when they gather
It wasn't so
stockholders In the various business
activities of co-operative marketing.
The occasion was a dinner given in
honor of Hon. Paul H. Appleby, under
secretary of agriculture, who having
returned ten days ago from an ex
tended visit in Great Britain, was able
to give an inside picture of life as it
goes on in that war battered land. It
was not a story such as is found in
our dally press, In fact in many points
it quite contradicted some of the im
pressions received from the printed
page.
■*
The setting of the speech Is worth
knowing. Every group and class was
represented in the audience — "mer
chant, lawyer, doctor chief' as the
old rhyme goes.
Thatcher said when he introduced the
It was as Mr.
speaker: "This is a typical American
audience, a cross section of the na
tion." Every religion was represented
and every shade of political and eeo
There were state
nomical thought,
and city officials, government work
ers, and a large body of farmers,
many of whom were in town to at
tend their party convention, and fin
ally, that congress be not left without
recognition. Congressman John M.
Coffee of Tacoma, Wash., reported
himself present and glad of it! It
was a "party" that did not have a
draggy minute and at which everyone
who came felt well rewarded and re
freshed In spirit.
• « •
Paul Appleby is no orator, if that
word means the dramatic, the histri
onic, the spectacular,
with a quiet emphasis and clearly and
takes hold on the hearer so that the
speaker Is forgotten in the trend of
thought his words evoke. Time and
again there were pauses were ap
plause might well have been expected,
but the audience seemed so tense that
it gave the feeling of being unwilling
to break the spell and of waiting,
without sound, for more! It was quite
an astonishing performance but when
the speaker finished the audience rose
without signal and stood in silence
and only then "came to itself" and
broke into applause that lasted for
minutes.
He speaks
*
His tale of the British people car
ried no heroics. He had been every
where from the humblest home, inter
viewing housewives, up to the castles
of the now financially humble gentry
and from the aviation fields where
boys in their 'teens took off In the
gloaming for Nazl-land, knowing that
one In ten would die, to the offices
and homes of British cabinet mem
bers. His tribute to the workers was
particularly affecting and the credit
success of the Popular Front."
That Fascist explanation of the fall
of France that the defeat came be
cause of the modest reforms contem
plated by the Popular Front needed
no restatement.
The author could just as well have
included as a cause the fear of M.
Bonnet and Daladier that the Popular
Front would succeed with its reforms.
Chamberlain and Daladier while pos
sibly not treacherous at least feared
the leftist trend more than they
feared a Hitler defeat at Munich.
The w'hole editorial Is strikingly
similar In tone and content, to the
propaganda of the reactionary jour
nais of France directed against the
timid reforms proposed by the Frente
Popular. That Is what makes It so
repugnant.—J. M. P.
LABOR'S NEWS
IN BRIEF
8 .
By Federated Press
WASHINGTON. — Deportation of
Pres. Harry Bridges of the Inti. Long
shoremen's & Warehousemen's Union
(CIO) was ordered May 28 by Atty.
Gen. Francis Biddle,
was based on findings submitted by
Judge Charles Sears, who conducted
the second deportation hearings, and
overruled the findings of the board of
immigration appeals which had de
cided in favor of Bridges.
WASHINGTON.—CIO Pres. Philip
Murray was ousted as vice president
of the United Mine Workers May 28.
The action was taken by UMW Pres.
John L. Lewis.
Biddle's order
WASHINGTON.— Eight large cor
porations filling war orders In New
York and New Jersey were ordered
by the President's committee on fair
employment practices, to cease dis
crimination in their employment pol
icies.
WASHINGTON.— Settlement of a
long-standing dispute between the U.
S. Lines and the Natl. Organziatlqn of
Master Mates & Pilots (AFL), provld-'
ing for a preferential shop, was or
dered May 27 by the Natl. War Labor
Board.
NEW YORK. — Pearl L. Bergoff,
convicted May 15 for the first time
In his 36-year strikebreaking hlsotry,
was sentenced May 26 In special ses
sions court to a $600 fine or three
months in jail. He also was put on
probation for a year. Pearl's brother
Leo and Bernhard Haas were both
fined $100 with the option of 30 days
in jail.
CHICAGO—A union security poll at
eight plants of the Inti. Harvester Co.,
first to be conducted by the Natl. War
Labor Board, showed 91% favoring
maintenance of membership In the
Farm Equipment Workers Organizing
Committee (CIO) and AFL federal
locals.
Results were 9,716 favoring
maintenance of membership and 1,000
against.
NEW YORK.—Celebration of Natl.
Maritime Day, confined in past years
to shipowners and government offi
cials, was extended to union seamen
for the first time this year. As part
of the day's celebration May 22, May
or F. H. LaGuardla presented union
medals to 13 members of the Natl.
Maritime Union (CIO) for acts of
heroism at sea.
CHICAGO.—In an attempt to pene
trate the education field with anti
union propaganda, the Natl. Assn, of
Manufacturers has launched a series
of joint conferences with the Natl.
Education Assn., which has been ac
cused in some communities of being
a company union for teachers.
DENVER. — Labor unions and or
ganizations of working farmers should
be represented on all local price con
trol and rationing boards, Pres. James
G. Patton of the Natl. Farmers Union
has written Price Administrator Leon
Henderson.
CELINA, O.—A decision of Judge
Clarence U. Ahl upholding the right
of municipal employes to strike held
good when village officials unexpect
edly asked for dismissal of their ap
peal. Ahl last December refused to
enjoin Local 190, Inti. Bro. of Firemen
& Oilers (AFL), from picketing the
municipal light and power plant.
CINCINNATI,
third biennial
United
— Delegates to the
convention of the
Service. Employes
voted to affiliate with the CIO and to
boycott Westbrook Pegler, anti-union
Scripps-Howard columnist.
NEW YORK—An editorial denounc
ing the New York local of the Amer
ican Newspaper Guild (CIO) for de
manding that the columns of West
brook Pegler be withdrawn from the
Stars & Stripes, official AEF news
he gave the farmers for producing
more under a shortage of help and
machinery gave every farmer a thrill
of pride In his calling,
topic was the change that has come
over the spirit of the upper classes
In Britain,
deathbed repentance, but again and
again he heard from the Industrial
barons and business men the insist
ent thought that, in the world which
Is to be, after this war, the people
must have food, clothing and shelter
and the Incomes, already more evenly
distributed, must be spread out to a
better and finer parity for all. The
British, which Napoleon scornfully
called "A nation of shop-keepers"
have given over commercialism and
profits as the chief aim of life—and
His main
It may be, he said, a
that Is the miracle that war has
wrought.
He saw the United States moving
In that direction, too, and found Its
echo in the co-operative Idea as
stressed by the Farmers Union, which
he said, both as in its leaders and
its raenfters, were held In affection
ate regard by President Roosevelt,
Vice President Wallace and the fed
eral officials with whom the Farmers
Union leaders have been In contact.
That was not offered as a boquet—
it was spoken in a matter-of-fact way,
as though everybody knew it. It gave
a lift to the men out here on the front
line trenches, struggling for the same
equality of income that the British
have begun to seek. You could hear
the cheerful hearts in the songs—
from "America" to "Sweet Adeline"
sung during the evening, led by Thos.
C. Groll, Mrs. Margaret Bloom with
M. A. Sauter, manager of our Duluth
office, at the piano. The Flag was
there and not far from it sat Miss
Mildred Nelson of the GTA garbed
as "Miss Columbia" with golden tiara
and Robert Andrews, also of the GTA,
dressed as "Uncle Sam" in tall hat
and star-spangled "veskit." When the
Farmers Unoin Grain Terminal Asso
catlon does things — It does them
right.
«
J
VOTING FOR VICTORY
Excerpt from The New Republic
June 1, 1942
Montana—Sen. Burotn K. Wheeler
has devoted more time to campaign
ing In Montana In the last month than
In the last decade. All this energy
on the part of the No. 1 Isolationist
Is aimed at a purge of the President's
staunch supporter, Sen. Jim Murray,
who is up for re-election.
Wheeler has been In the senate
continuously for twenty years, and for
ten of them he has had practically
the absolute say-so about who held
office In Montana. In recent years,
the Anaconda Copper company has
been helping him, with or without his
request. Montana politicians have a
theory that Wheeler and the copper
boys have reached, some understand
ing whereby Wheeler gets the kind of
yes-men he wants around Washington
and the company gets the kind of
halter-broken governors and state of
ficials It wants in Montana.
There are Indications that this Is
the wajfc things have worked out In
the past, even when It was necessary
for Wheeler to cross party lines and
manipulate republican as well as dem
ocratic candidates to get the results
he wanted. Recently Wheeler, nomi
nally a democrat, has had a big hand
In electing at least three republicans
to the highest offices In Montana—
two members of congress and one
governor. Wheeler backed the fas
cistlc Dr. Jake Thorkelson, republi
can, when he wanted to oust his
former friend Jerry O'Connell from
the house. It was his support that
helped elect Jeannette Rankin, repub
llcan, instead of O'Connell, who won
the democratic nomination again In
the last election. In 1940, Wheeler
once more turned the trick for the
republican ticket by throwing his sup
port to S. Clarence Ford In opposition
to the Incumbent democratic governor
who had aroused Wheeler's anger.
Wheeler has been able to perform
these feats largely by being able to
control the slate of candidates filing
In the democratic primaries. During
his recent campaign tour through
Montana. Wheeler canvassed every
potentlal candidate and Invaded the
ranks of the opposition group within
the party wholly without success,
Every responsible minor leader has
been approached with the bait of win
nlng Wheeler's favor If he would file
In opposition to Senator Murray.
For months Wheeler has been pay
Ing serious court to Rep. Jim O'Con
nor from Montana. This lordly atten
tlon has so befuddled O'Connor that
he has frequently about-faced on
Issues even in the course of their de
bate. He devotedly followed Wheel
er even into the ranks of America
First, so that now his constituents
are loudly muttering criticism of his
opposition to the President. Wheeler
hopes to lure O'Connor Into running
for the senate against Murray, but It
CIO Pres. Philip
was unanimously elected
paper, was carried by the republican
New York Herald Tribune as the
guild began Its pre-NLRB election
campaign.
LONG ISLAND CITY, N. Y—Three
plants of the Brewster Aeronautical
Corp., taken over by the navy April
20, were returned to private owner
ship under new management May 20
upon orders from President Roose
velt.
CLEVELAND.— Becoming a consti
tutional organization, the Steel Work
ers Organizing Committee at Its con
vention became the United Steelwork
ers of America.
Murray
president.
THE POLITICAL POT
IS BREWING
u
yy
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Address.
Is very unlikely that O'Connor la far
enough to do anything so foolish un
less things look so bad for him on
re-election to the house that he
chooses to file for the senate Just to
go down swinging at a bigger apple.
INFLATION MEANS
CONSCRIPTION
OF CAPITAL
(This is the second In a series of
articles on Monetary control by
ex-Congressman Charles O. Blnder
up from Nebraska.)
If we cannot have monetary control
and must go to one extreme, then for
the sake of humanity, give us Infla
tion.
After all inflation Is merely and
only conscription of capital, that Is
all, It reduces the purchasing power
of the dollar. It takes FROM the rich
and gives to the poor, by Increasing
w'ages and products YOU reduce the
purchasing power of the dollar. But
chance for a job or starting in busl
ness. Why? Because the bankers
had created a period of Deflation so
their dollars and interest had a great
er purchasing power. This time when
the boys come home let's give them
a little Inflation, at least let us not
create another deflation,
u i 8 ridiculous to hear the unin
formed cry about the horrors of In
nation, and usually coupled with the
remark "Well Inflation MIGHT not be
S o bad, but the period that follows
Inflation Is terrible."
There Is no relation between Infla
tion and deflation. The one Is not a
result of the other. One would think
from these strange remarks that our
money just evaporated after a period
of Inflation and that It Just couldn't
be helped.
Deflation is caused by the banking
system taking our money away from
us, no, not accidently but Intentlon
ally and premeditatedly according to
a definite plan. You can't put money
into circulation and avoid Inflation (a
higher price level), and you can't take
case WAR why not,
our congress conscripted the life of
the boys into the trenches when they
passed the Senator Burke peacetime
conscription bill without batting an
eye. Is it not less Inhuman to con
script the dollar or shall be just con
script the boys and consider the dollar
more holy than life? When the boys
came home from the last World War
No. 1 there wasn't a Chinaman's
money out of circulation and avoid
deflation (a lower price level).
just leave the money In circulation
and add enough more money every
year to keep up with Increased popu
latlon and increased business and
your price level will remain the same,
but you will meet opposition to this
righteous plan from the money group,
the 4 %, as they want a dollar that
fluctuates In value so they can in
crease our money supply at will and
make prices go high when they sell
and then take our money out of cir
culation and make prices come down
when they would buy. There Isn't a
soul In the world that can produce
an argument against Constitutional
Money, government monetary issue
and control, as the Constitution of the
United States provides and yet con
gress is as silent as a clam on this
most important issue.
Charles G. Blnderup, former mem
ber of congress from Nebraska, au
thor of Binderup's Monetary Control
'Act, now pending In congress.
So

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