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couiuai THE PEOPLE'S VOICE *i/ o « A 0/> J] $ •1Aä o £ v 4^. HELENA, MONTANA, JUNE 12, 1942 Price Five Cents Vol. Ill—No. 28 $70323,659 Net Profits by Reported ACM g ® CO-OP TO BUILD PLANT TO MAKE ALCOHOL AND RUBBER FROM GRAINS Consumers Co-operative Assn. Establishes Co-op Research Agency Employing Tech nical Men to Experiment With Production Of Rubber From Alcohol Produced From Farm Products; Will Build Immediately. N. KANSAS CITY, Mo.—A five year program of co-opera tive research calling for an expenditure of $10,000 a year was voted unanimously by directors of Consumers Co-operative Association at a meeting in Scottsbluff, Nebraska, May 26-28. Directors voted at the same meeting to build a plant for mak ing alcohol from farm products, the alcohol to be used in the rub-4 ber and for other .war pur poses. Howard A. Cowden, president of CCA. said technical men will be en gaged to carry on experiments in the production of synthetic rubber, using alcohol from farm products as a base; and research on lowering the cost of alcohol for blending with gasoline in order to step up octane rating to the point where the use of tetra-ethyl lead will not be necessary in carrying on these and other experiments. Other co-operatives and agencies friendly to co-operatives, will be asked to parti cipât in the program. "We are finding that the petroleum industry, and agriculture, are becom ing chemical industries more and more. Co-operative leaders long have felt the need of a research organiza tion which would use and supplement information now obatinable from pub lic agencies, such as the regional lab oratories of the United States Depart ment of Agriculture, the Bureau of Mines, the Bureau of Standards, and the laboratories of land grant col leges," Cowden said. "When discov eries of value are made in any field," he continued, "they will be offered to co-operatives and others on a reason able royalty basis. It will not be the policy of such a research laboratory to make discoveries of value and then withhold them from the market. Such a research institute, we anticipate, will more than pay its way." The federal government will be asked to grant materials for construc tion of the plant and to license its operation as quickly as figures can be assembled. The resolution of the board was wired to Sen. George W. Norris of Nebraska. Future economic policies within the United States and perhaps a large measure of future control over con sumers in this country teeter in the balance now before the power-alcohol subcommittee of the senate committee on agriculture. This power-alcohol fight Is one bat tle front, perhaps the most important one immediately, in a great war. The big broad issue involved is "scarcity and its beneficiaries and servitors, monopoly and economic dictatorship as opposed to plenty and economic (Continued on Pagre Three) TRESPASSING AT THE CAPITAL By A. I. HARRIS We Have These Kind The labor section of the Office of Civilian Defense, this column learns, is Investigating a report of a civilian air raid meeting during wltlch a Navy officer, lecturing on the use of gas masks, charged very bluntly that the labor unions were responsible for the downfall of France. The meeting was held a few weeks ago in Montgomery county, Maryland, where the rich still hunt with hounds to drive Dull Care away. The speaker demonstrated three types of gas masks which he had with him—an American World War I mask, a Navy civilian mask, and a French mask. Holding up the French mask, he Is reliably reported to have said: "See this label (pointing to a union label on the mask). This tells the story of the downfall of France, is a union label, that defeated France. French labor unions." The meeting was composed largely of the so-called "better elements," but they weren't prepared for anything like that. A hush fell over the meet ing. Finally, a well-dressed, well-fed looking Individual got up and said: "Commander, I think we should give you a hand for that last statement." There still are people in this coun try who would like to believe that it isn't Hitler and Hitlerism that w-e are fighting, but rather labor, the New Deal, and other things of a progres sive nature. It It wasn't the nazis It was the * If you tune in your short-wave radio set on Berlin, you will notice that the nazi broadcasters have adopted a new OBJECTIVES OF DEMOCRACY OUTLINED Patton, Natl. President of Farmers Union Outlines Objectives Which Must Be Reached to Translate Free dom Into Modern Tterms. GUNNISON, Colo.—(Special)—"We must, as a sacred obligation, see to it that every member of the armed services returning to civilian life is given opportunity to become trained and skilled in peacetime occupations," declared James G. Patton, president of the National Farmers Union in a commencement address to the West ern State College here last week. "Until lately," Patton continued, "too many of us have taken our free dom as much for granted as the air we breathe. We, the people, the farmers, the wage earners, the little business men, the professionals, the housewives and the youth, have been too much inclined to leave everybody's business to the attention of a few. "We have agreed that democracy is the best form of government yet devised, but we have shrugged off its demands upon our brains, time and energy. We have accepted its priv ileges, evaded Its duties. Now we are willing to fight to save It. We must also accept the need to think, work and live for it." Patton then proceeded to outline eight objectives which he declared must be reached for the translation of freedom into modern terms: 1. The right to work; full employ ment through the productvie years at usfeul and creative occupations; not at "made work." 2. Decent pay for every citizen's products or his labor: enough to buy not only the necessities of life but some of the goods and services not now available to the great masses of the people in cities on the farms, including adequate amounts of food, clothing, shelter and medical care. 3. Scarcity; freedom from fear of (Continued on Page Four) It's Civil term for the Axis nations, ians Crusaders. Repetition of An Old Story With the big boys in the timber in dustry having refused to build up large stockpiles of lumber, and de mands for lumber for war purposes far exceeding previous estimates, a situation faces that industry similar to that which .prevailed in steel and aluminum, where selfish financial in terests declined to expand their plants to meet anticipated war needs. Last winter, it was estimated that 35 billion feet of lumber would be re quired In 1942 for the war effort. Steel and aluminum shortages, however, as well as other causes, have thrown a greater burden on lumber, with the result that 1942 lumber needs will ex ceed 39, and possibly 40, billion feet. Here are a few of the new war uses for lumber: Replaces steel in truck body frames, tank cars, and army cots. Replaces both steel and con crete in war plant construction. Com pressed wood, which they have now got down to the hardness of soft steel, is being used for airplane propellers, and wood is entering more and more into aircraft construction, especially in training planes. Also, the Army expansion program, which is greater than anticipated, calls for increase in the amount of lumber, 2,200 board feet required for each soldier in camp con struction. The U. S. Forest Service is working out a plan to meet the situation be fore any actual shortage in lumber de The plan Involves govern velops. | ment contracting with both large and (Continued on Pagre Four) /W™ / UBLIC OFFICE Eight last day filings for public of fice brought the total candidates to 31 and presented a strong list of pros pective officers competing in the pri mary election. P. O'Connor of Livingston, submitted his petition for re-election on the dem ocratic ticket, lawyer, filed for associate justice of the Montana supreme court, the place now held by Albert H. Angstman, who filed sometime previously. G. Toomey, veteran Helena legislator and attorney, sought the republican nomination for congress from the first congressional district. R. S. Murray, Clancy, was a last minute aspirant for the job of railroad and public serv ice commissioner, now held by Horace Casey of Butte. John Claxton, Butte lawyer, announced his candidacy for congress on the democratic ticket and David Ryan filed for associate justice Congressman James Hugh Adair, Helena Edmond Ryan of the supreme court on the non-parti san judicial ticket. Many contemplated filings failed to materialize at the last minute. Tom Davis, often mentioned as a possible republican candidate for the United States cenate, failed to file as did Bailey Stortz, mentioned as a likely candidate for congress. Sen. James E. Murray, junior sen ator from Montana, will be opposed on the democratic ticket by Joseph P. Monaghan, former congressman (Continued on Page Four) DEMONSTRATION DISTURBES TAX DODGERS' HAVEN Laborers Have Temerity To' Protest Wages of 80c a Day On Air Field Construction Job; Make "Unreasonable Demand of $1 Minimum. NASSAU, Bahamas. — (FP) — This swanky British tourist resort off the Florida coast, where American mil lionaires have set up dummy corpora tions to evade U. S. taxes, was the scene June 2 of a demonstration of 2,000 negro laborers against a wage scale of 80c a day at the air field construction job. British soldiers as well as local police were called out and the Duke of Windsor, governor of the Bahamas, flew back from Washington. Two of the demonstrators were killed and several were wounded. Some of the fashionable shop windows on the main street were smashed. The demonstration occurred after local government officials told the workers that the wage scale, set by an agreement between Great Britain and the U. S., could not be changed immediately. New Providence, the island on which Nassau is located, Is one of the British possessions on which the U. S. is building war bases. Back of the demonstrations in Nassau, Bahamas, which killed at least two workers and sent the Duke of Windsor scurrying back from Washington are the same conditions that bred Quislingism and defeatism in Malaya and Burma. Warnings of social unrest were made by labor and progressive leaders in Jamaica, Trinidad, British Guiana and Antigua a year ago when the U.S. began building bases in these Carib bean islands vital to our defense. From a reporter who was in Jamai ca in 1941, the statements of union officials and the newspaper of the People's Natl. Party of Jamaica, Fed erated Press has learned that stark poverty, near starvation and unem ployment are prevalent. To age-old exploitation of native workers has been added the refine ments of Glrdlerism and Jim Crow ism by U.S. contractors building the bases. All the mistakes the British made in Malaya and Burma are paralleled. Political freedom is generally denied. The natives are not permitted an army of their own. Progressive leaders are interned even though they have sup ported the war effort since 1939. When the U.S. contractors arrived they made two things clear, according to the Jamaica Trade Union Council: They Intended to pay no more than the highest prevailing wage—80c a day—and they would have nothing to do with unions. Workers were com pelled to sign yellow dog contracts. If a worker took a grievance to a un ion, he was fired. White U.S. workers were Imported at much higher wages than those paid For example, skilled negro carpenters have to work for $1.02 'a day along side U.S. car penters drawing $14 a day. Pres. A. A. Thorne of the British Guiana Workers League warned au thorities March 22, 1941, that a "vol cano is in action ready to overwhelm this colony as a result of the govern ments' action (agreement by the U.S. Pagre Four) the West Indains. (Continued HONORED à $ ■ . M m § m W: T : j JAMES G. PATTON President Natl. Farmers Union LL.D. CONFERRED ON PATTON BY HIS ALMA MATER Honorary Degree Conferred On National President of The Farmers Union for Contributions of Service to State and Nation. GUNNISON, Colo. — In recognition of his outstanding contributions to his state and to his nation as an authority on agriculture and farm planning, an adviser on youth problems, a leader in the field of Pan- American relation ships and post-war planning. Dr. C. C. Casey, president of Western State College, conferred the honorary de gree LL.D., Doctor of Laws, upon James G. Patton, president of the Na tional Farmers Union, at the thirty first commencement exercises of the college Friday. June 5. Patton, who is an alumnus oLWest ern State, received the fourth honor ary degree ever awarded by Western State. Patton, who has been and is active in educational agricultural fields, is also president of the National Union Security Association. He is acting as collaborator with the Secretary of Agriculture on War Production at present, and he is also a member of the board of trustees of the national planning association which works with the Rockefeller Foundation and other groups on post-war planning. Patton holds important NYA and WPA advisory posts. CAPITOL HIGHLIGHTS tt ö _ (CONTRIBUTED) The Montana supreme court during the week held that Howard Guliick son was legally entitled to act as at torney general of Montana during the absence of John W. Bonner, and up held the validity of Chapter 41 of the laws of 1941 which provided leaves of absence for state officers entering the laws of 1941 which provided leaves of absence for state officers entering the military service. Howard W. Hazelbaker, state sen ator from Lake county and now lo cated in Missoula, announced that he had resigned his position In the state senate to seek the republican nomi nation for congress in the first dis trict. announced from Missoula that he would he a candidate for re-election to the state legislature from Missoula county. Another Hazelbaker, Frank, State insurance matters occupied the attention of the state board of examiners for the forepart of the week. The board is making a careful appraisal of all state-owned property in an effort to evaluate the state's insurance requirements, appraisal is finished bids will be ad vertised and the insurance in various categories will go to various state in surance men. Prior to this system the state has been giving all of its insurance to the Pearl Assurance Co. When the Candidates for clerk of the supreme court submitted their filings during the week, nomination are John W. Mountjoy, former secretary of state; W. P. Pll geram, former state representative: and Frank Murray of Butte. The re publican aspirant is the incumbent, Peter M. RIgg, who was appointed by Gov. Sam C. Ford to fill the unex pired term caused by the death of Arthur Porter. Havre, and an attorney, is a former member of the state legislature. Seeking the democratic Rigg, formerly of The state highway commission is scheduled to meet June 24, to consider bids for the construction of a high way in Stillwater county linking the chrome properties there with the rail road. The project includes one bridge Page Four) (Continued CONFERENCE SCHEDULED AT STATE UNIV. On July 1 and 2, there will be a conference at Montana State Univer sity on the subject of "Democracy, Citizenship, and Character." The aims of the conference have been described as follows; "A conference dealing with the bas ic principles of democracy, the train ing for intelligent citizenship, and the bul.lding of character, will be held on July 1 and 2. The alms of the confer ence will be to bring to light the broad objectives and underlying Ideals of all groups dealing with the guid ance and training of youth and the development of character, and to stim ulate more effective thinking on the educational, religious, and social proc esses by which good citizenship Is produced and democracy strengthened. Through panel and forum discussions, educators, ministers, leaders of scout and camp fire organizations, repre sentative of parents' groups, and all other vitally concerned with young people will participate in the inter change of views, lems of morale in the present war emergency will be considered against the broader background of values of democratic civilization." Mr. John Barton of the university of Wisconsin, and Mr. Frederick Re defer, director of the Progressive Edu cation Association will be among the distinguished speakers present at the conference. The special prob SMALL BUSINESS MOBILIZATION BILL PASSES Murray-Patman Bill Provid ing for Setting Up Smaller War Plants Corporation in War Production Board Gets Congress O. K. WASHINGTON—By the acceptance of a conference committee report (ap proved Wednesday in the house) the senate placed final congressional ap proval today upon the Murray-Patman bill (S. B. 2250) providing for the mobilization of small business con cerns in the war effort. Passed first by the senate on a vote of 82 to 0, It was amended and passed by the house on a vote of 344 to 0, the bill now needs only the President's signature to become law. It was introduced in the senate Feb ruary 5 by the senate committee on small business (Sen. James E. Murray of Montana, chairman, and members j Maloney of Connecticut, Eilender of I Louisiana, Mead of New York, Stew art of Tennessee, Capper of Kansas, Taft of Ohio). It was introduced in the house by Chairman Wright Pat man of the house committee on small business of which the members are Bulwinkle of North Carolina, Kelly of Illinois. Fitzgerald of Connecticut, Hal leck of Indiana, Hall of New York and Ploeser of Missouri. The bill sets up within the War Production Board a corporation to be known as the Smaller War Plants Cor poration with a capital of 150 million powers to pro vide money and facilities for the con version of small concerns to war work, and also the power to take con tracts from the procurement divisions of the armed forces as a prime con tractor and to sub-contract to small concerns throughout the country. Thus Is eliminated the old run-around where small concerns could not get contracts because they could not get financed, and they could not get fi nanced because they could not get contracts. The corporation will be under the control of a hoard of five directors to be named by Donald Nelson, and it' is designed to become an aggressive agency through which small manu facturing concerns which have been unable to secure war contracts may now be utilized in the all-out war ef fort. The bill further provides for the appointment of a deputy to Donald Nelson who will be responsible for the welfare of small business con cerns, and whose duty it will he to aid them in every way to secure fair treatment on priorities, contracts, al locations, etc. The bill writes into law the Presi dent's Executive Order authorizing the procurement divisions of the armed forces to guarantee loans by banks to small concerns. This same power is given to the smaller war plants corporation Itself, and the plan is for the corporation to utilize its 150 million dollars capital as a revolv ing fund to get small concerns estab ifshed in war work, after which the corporation will be able to turn its loans to the banks and other private agencies and re-use its capital. The bill accomplishes a number of other fundamental objectives, broadens the lending powers of the R.F.C. and eliminates certain restric (Continued It Pagre Four) ACM PROFITS FOR 1941 NEARLY THREE TIMES TOTAL CAPITALIZATION Mammoth Corporation Closes 1941 Show ing Nearly Double the Profits Made in 1940 Which in Turn Were Double the Earnings Of the Company in 1939; Now Operating With Higher Prices for Surplus Production. Net profits of the Anaconda Copper Mining Company for the year 1941 according to the New York Times totaled $70,- 323,659, nearly three times the stock reported outstand- ing in 1933, then estimated of a value of twenty-five million dollars. Of this amount, according to the report, $43,433,659 to be paid in stock dividends, representing nearly two --—♦dollars for every one of its was POOR DU PONT INDICTED A SECOND TIME Charged With Nation Wide Monopoly Price Fixing on Commercial Explosives and Blasting Supplies; 5 Other Companies Also Indicted. PHILADELPHIA.— (FP) — E. I. du Pont do Nemours & Co., indicted In May for ^conspiring with the Nazi chemical trust to maintain a world wide monopoly over dyestuffs, was in dicted for a second time June 4. This time the big company is ac cused of price-fixing through a nation wide monopoly over chemical explo sives and blasting supplies. Indicted along with the duPont com pany were five other powder manu facturing companies and 10 officials. DuPont and the others were ac cused of having entered Into conspir acy as early as 1938 and until now have engaged continuously in unlaw ful combination and price fixing. The whole country, the Indictment says, was divided into identical geo graphical zones in which customers were sold at identical prices. MARKET B0WN BUT RE ACTS FROM THE LOW Grain markets showed further de clines during the week ended June 6, according to the department of agri culture, but at the lower levels a stub born undertone asserted itself. Sell ing pressure lessened and commercial demand showed some Improvement. Wheat prices re-acted upward about 3c from the week's low point as flour demand improved at the lower levels and mills again furnished some buy ing support to both the cash and fu tures markets. Rye prices also re acted upward from the week's low but prices for the period still showed size able net loss as commercial demand was only fair and crop news continued unusually favorable. Corn, oats, and feed barley sagged but recovered as the week closed. A consistently good demand continued for top quality mel low malting barley and prices for these types held firm. WHEAT: While fair weather with more sunshine would be helpful in the spring wheat area, the weather on the whole continued favorable for development of the wheat crop. Win ter wheat east of the Mississippi river made generally good progress and is now heading as far north as Maryland and blooming in the central Ohio Val ley. In the Great Plains states a fav orable outlook continues with ripen ing reported as far north as southern Kansas where harvest is expected to begin within a week or two. How ever In western Kansas, volunteer wheat has deteriorated because of dryness while dry winds have been unfavorable for wheat with rank growth reported in northwestern Tex as where conditions were becoming precarious, progress of the winter wheat crop con tinued mostly excellent. Spring wheat seeding is now com pleted but the season thus far has been extremely wet and heavy rains have caused washing out in local areas. The crop as a whole however has responded to the more saesonable temperatures recently and growth has been rapid. In spite of the backward season, spring wheat prospects espe cially from a moisture standpoint are decidedly favorable at this time. In Canada temperatures were below normal throughout the western grain areas during the week with light frosts reported in northern sections. Temperatures during recent days how ever have been more seasonable. The prolonged cool period retarded grain growth hut is reported to have de veloped excellent root systems and Page Four) North of Kansas, the (Continued capitalization. These astronomical earnings were made in 1941 despite the plea of the company last year, that any Increase in wages granted to the workers in their negotiations with the company would result in ruination, with the price 'of copper pegged at 12 cents a pound by the government. However, as related previously in The Voice (issue of January 30) the Metal Reserves Company, the govern ment metal purchasing agency, in fix ing the price of copper, had thrown down most of the bars against an in crease in Its provision that copper produced in excess of the 1941 pro duction would be recognized as a "sur plus" production and a premium of five cents over the pegged price would be paid for those amounts. At the time, union officials in Butte declared that production in the Butte mines in the latter part of 1941, had declined 2,000 tons a month as com pared with the average monthly out put during the first half of the year. This decrease, without doubt repre sented a deliberate slowdown of pro duction in anticipation of the increase in price of the ''surplus'' for the com ing year. Responsible officials of the Butte Miners Union estimate that the company can produce as much in the first six months of the present year as it did during the entire year of 1941. If the company doubles its out put this year, it Is certain to more than double the amounts of Its profits in 1941, considering that half of its production volume will be at the rate of 17c per pound for the copper. Of the total of the net profits, aside from the dividends to the stockhold ers, the sum of $21,890,000 was set aside for the payment of indebted ness—and $6,000,000 for a contingent fund, the purpose of which is wrapped in mystery. The indebtedness amount, includes probably the tens of thou sands accruing from losses in the pub lication of their daily propaganda or gans in Montana, In the event that the next session of the legislature should be inclined to propose some new or additional tax levies on the company, it will be in teresting to hear what Us defense (Continued on Page Four) MURRAY URGES GRAIN ALCOHOL PLANTS IN MONT. Joining with Senator Gillette of Iowa and others of the farm bloc who have urged manufacture of rubber from farm surpluses, Senator Murray will push his bill to create a U. S. Rubber Authority In the Federal Works Agency. The bill, now pend ing in the senate, proposes to con struct plants out in the farm belt, including Montana, to turn surplus crops into alcohol from which syn thetic rubber can be made. It envis ages the production of 400,000 tons of rubber a year from surplus crops. "The crux of all our transportation and most of our priority difficulties is shortage of rubber. If we had suf ficient rubber,«we would need no gas rationing. We have an abundance of oil and gasoline. It Is my hope that the officials responsible for supplying our armed forces and our civilian economy will get behind this rubber program with all their force." ASSOCIATION MEETING IS GALLED OFF Due to war conditions, the curtail ment of tire use and the threatened nation-wide rationing of gasoline, the annual meeting of the Co-operative Business Enterprise's Association, scheduled for Great Falls June 15 and 16, has been abandoned for this year. A. E. Kathan, president of the state wide association, after a survey and canvas of the member companies, found that it would he possible to have only a very small attendance due to travel conditions, and it was thought advisable not to attempt to hold the meeting this year.