OCR Interpretation

The People's voice. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1939-1969, June 12, 1942, Image 1

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86075189/1942-06-12/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

y HI LAM g;
£ v 4^.
Price Five Cents
Vol. Ill—No. 28
$70323,659 Net Profits by Reported ACM
g ®
Consumers Co-operative Assn. Establishes
Co-op Research Agency Employing Tech
nical Men to Experiment With Production
Of Rubber From Alcohol Produced From
Farm Products; Will Build Immediately.
N. KANSAS CITY, Mo.—A five year program of co-opera
tive research calling for an expenditure of $10,000 a year was
voted unanimously by directors of Consumers Co-operative
Association at a meeting in Scottsbluff, Nebraska, May 26-28.
Directors voted at the same meeting to build a plant for mak
ing alcohol from farm products, the alcohol to be used in the
ber and for other .war pur
Howard A. Cowden, president of
CCA. said technical men will be en
gaged to carry on experiments in the
production of synthetic rubber, using
alcohol from farm products as a base;
and research on lowering the cost of
alcohol for blending with gasoline in
order to step up octane rating to the
point where the use of tetra-ethyl lead
will not be necessary in carrying on
these and other experiments. Other
co-operatives and agencies friendly to
co-operatives, will be asked to parti
cipât in the program.
"We are finding that the petroleum
industry, and agriculture, are becom
ing chemical industries more and
more. Co-operative leaders long have
felt the need of a research organiza
tion which would use and supplement
information now obatinable from pub
lic agencies, such as the regional lab
oratories of the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture, the Bureau of
Mines, the Bureau of Standards, and
the laboratories of land grant col
leges," Cowden said. "When discov
eries of value are made in any field,"
he continued, "they will be offered to
co-operatives and others on a reason
able royalty basis. It will not be the
policy of such a research laboratory
to make discoveries of value and then
withhold them from the market. Such
a research institute, we anticipate,
will more than pay its way."
The federal government will be
asked to grant materials for construc
tion of the plant and to license its
operation as quickly as figures can be
assembled. The resolution of the
board was wired to Sen. George W.
Norris of Nebraska.
Future economic policies within the
United States and perhaps a large
measure of future control over con
sumers in this country teeter in the
balance now before the power-alcohol
subcommittee of the senate committee
on agriculture.
This power-alcohol fight Is one bat
tle front, perhaps the most important
one immediately, in a great war. The
big broad issue involved is "scarcity
and its beneficiaries and servitors,
monopoly and economic dictatorship
as opposed to plenty and economic
(Continued on Pagre Three)
We Have These Kind
The labor section of the Office of
Civilian Defense, this column learns,
is Investigating a report of a civilian
air raid meeting during wltlch a Navy
officer, lecturing on the use of gas
masks, charged very bluntly that the
labor unions were responsible for the
downfall of France.
The meeting was held a few weeks
ago in Montgomery county, Maryland,
where the rich still hunt with hounds
to drive Dull Care away.
The speaker demonstrated three
types of gas masks which he had
with him—an American World War I
mask, a Navy civilian mask, and a
French mask.
Holding up the French mask, he Is
reliably reported to have said:
"See this label (pointing to a union
label on the mask). This tells the
story of the downfall of France,
is a union label,
that defeated France.
French labor unions."
The meeting was composed largely
of the so-called "better elements," but
they weren't prepared for anything
like that. A hush fell over the meet
ing. Finally, a well-dressed, well-fed
looking Individual got up and said:
"Commander, I think we should give
you a hand for that last statement."
There still are people in this coun
try who would like to believe that it
isn't Hitler and Hitlerism that w-e are
fighting, but rather labor, the New
Deal, and other things of a progres
sive nature.
It wasn't the nazis
It was the
If you tune in your short-wave radio
set on Berlin, you will notice that the
nazi broadcasters have adopted a new
Patton, Natl. President of
Farmers Union Outlines
Objectives Which Must Be
Reached to Translate Free
dom Into Modern Tterms.
GUNNISON, Colo.—(Special)—"We
must, as a sacred obligation, see to
it that every member of the armed
services returning to civilian life is
given opportunity to become trained
and skilled in peacetime occupations,"
declared James G. Patton, president
of the National Farmers Union in a
commencement address to the West
ern State College here last week.
"Until lately," Patton continued,
"too many of us have taken our free
dom as much for granted as the air
we breathe.
We, the people, the
farmers, the wage earners, the little
business men, the professionals, the
housewives and the youth, have been
too much inclined to leave everybody's
business to the attention of a few.
"We have agreed that democracy
is the best form of government yet
devised, but we have shrugged off its
demands upon our brains, time and
energy. We have accepted its priv
ileges, evaded Its duties. Now we
are willing to fight to save It. We
must also accept the need to think,
work and live for it."
Patton then proceeded to outline
eight objectives which he declared
must be reached for the translation
of freedom into modern terms:
1. The right to work; full employ
ment through the productvie years at
usfeul and creative occupations; not
at "made work."
2. Decent pay for every citizen's
products or his labor: enough to buy
not only the necessities of life but
some of the goods and services not
now available to the great masses
of the people in cities on the farms,
including adequate amounts of food,
clothing, shelter and medical care.
3. Scarcity; freedom from fear of
(Continued on Page Four)
It's Civil
term for the Axis nations,
ians Crusaders.
Repetition of An Old Story
With the big boys in the timber in
dustry having refused to build up
large stockpiles of lumber, and de
mands for lumber for war purposes
far exceeding previous estimates, a
situation faces that industry similar
to that which .prevailed in steel and
aluminum, where selfish financial in
terests declined to expand their plants
to meet anticipated war needs.
Last winter, it was estimated that
35 billion feet of lumber would be re
quired In 1942 for the war effort. Steel
and aluminum shortages, however, as
well as other causes, have thrown a
greater burden on lumber, with the
result that 1942 lumber needs will ex
ceed 39, and possibly 40, billion feet.
Here are a few of the new war uses
for lumber: Replaces steel in truck
body frames, tank cars, and army
cots. Replaces both steel and con
crete in war plant construction. Com
pressed wood, which they have now
got down to the hardness of soft steel,
is being used for airplane propellers,
and wood is entering more and more
into aircraft construction, especially
in training planes. Also, the Army
expansion program, which is greater
than anticipated, calls for increase in
the amount of lumber, 2,200 board feet
required for each soldier in camp con
The U. S. Forest Service is working
out a plan to meet the situation be
fore any actual shortage in lumber de
The plan Involves govern
| ment contracting with both large and
(Continued on Pagre Four)
Eight last day filings for public of
fice brought the total candidates to
31 and presented a strong list of pros
pective officers competing in the pri
mary election.
P. O'Connor of Livingston, submitted
his petition for re-election on the dem
ocratic ticket,
lawyer, filed for associate justice of
the Montana supreme court, the place
now held by Albert H. Angstman, who
filed sometime previously.
G. Toomey, veteran Helena legislator
and attorney, sought the republican
nomination for congress from the first
congressional district. R. S. Murray,
Clancy, was a last minute aspirant
for the job of railroad and public serv
ice commissioner, now held by Horace
Casey of Butte. John Claxton, Butte
lawyer, announced his candidacy for
congress on the democratic ticket and
David Ryan filed for associate justice
Congressman James
Hugh Adair, Helena
of the supreme court on the non-parti
san judicial ticket.
Many contemplated filings failed to
materialize at the last minute. Tom
Davis, often mentioned as a possible
republican candidate for the United
States cenate, failed to file as did
Bailey Stortz, mentioned as a likely
candidate for congress.
Sen. James E. Murray, junior sen
ator from Montana, will be opposed
on the democratic ticket by Joseph
P. Monaghan, former congressman
(Continued on Page Four)
Laborers Have Temerity To'
Protest Wages of 80c a Day
On Air Field Construction
Job; Make "Unreasonable
Demand of $1 Minimum.
NASSAU, Bahamas. — (FP) — This
swanky British tourist resort off the
Florida coast, where American mil
lionaires have set up dummy corpora
tions to evade U. S. taxes, was the
scene June 2 of a demonstration of
2,000 negro laborers against a wage
scale of 80c a day at the air field
construction job.
British soldiers as well as local
police were called out and the Duke
of Windsor, governor of the Bahamas,
flew back from Washington. Two of
the demonstrators were killed and
several were wounded. Some of the
fashionable shop windows on the main
street were smashed.
The demonstration occurred after
local government officials told the
workers that the wage scale, set by
an agreement between Great Britain
and the U. S., could not be changed
New Providence, the island on
which Nassau is located, Is one of
the British possessions on which the
U. S. is building war bases.
Back of the demonstrations in
Nassau, Bahamas, which killed at
least two workers and sent the Duke
of Windsor scurrying back from
Washington are the same conditions
that bred Quislingism and defeatism
in Malaya and Burma.
Warnings of social unrest were
made by labor and progressive leaders
in Jamaica, Trinidad, British Guiana
and Antigua a year ago when the U.S.
began building bases in these Carib
bean islands vital to our defense.
From a reporter who was in Jamai
ca in 1941, the statements of union
officials and the newspaper of the
People's Natl. Party of Jamaica, Fed
erated Press has learned that stark
poverty, near starvation and unem
ployment are prevalent.
To age-old exploitation of native
workers has been added the refine
ments of Glrdlerism and Jim Crow
ism by U.S. contractors building the
All the mistakes the British made
in Malaya and Burma are paralleled.
Political freedom is generally denied.
The natives are not permitted an army
of their own. Progressive leaders are
interned even though they have sup
ported the war effort since 1939.
When the U.S. contractors arrived
they made two things clear, according
to the Jamaica Trade Union Council:
They Intended to pay no more than
the highest prevailing wage—80c a
day—and they would have nothing to
do with unions. Workers were com
pelled to sign yellow dog contracts.
If a worker took a grievance to a un
ion, he was fired.
White U.S. workers were Imported
at much higher wages than those paid
For example,
skilled negro carpenters have to work
for $1.02 'a day along side U.S. car
penters drawing $14 a day.
Pres. A. A. Thorne of the British
Guiana Workers League warned au
thorities March 22, 1941, that a "vol
cano is in action ready to overwhelm
this colony as a result of the govern
ments' action (agreement by the U.S.
Pagre Four)
the West Indains.

m §
T : j
President Natl. Farmers Union
Honorary Degree Conferred
On National President of
The Farmers Union for
Contributions of Service to
State and Nation.
GUNNISON, Colo. — In recognition
of his outstanding contributions to his
state and to his nation as an authority
on agriculture and farm planning, an
adviser on youth problems, a leader
in the field of Pan- American relation
ships and post-war planning. Dr. C. C.
Casey, president of Western State
College, conferred the honorary de
gree LL.D., Doctor of Laws, upon
James G. Patton, president of the Na
tional Farmers Union, at the thirty
first commencement exercises of the
college Friday. June 5.
Patton, who is an alumnus oLWest
ern State, received the fourth honor
ary degree ever awarded by Western
Patton, who has been and is active
in educational agricultural fields, is
also president of the National Union
Security Association. He is acting as
collaborator with the Secretary of
Agriculture on War Production at
present, and he is also a member of
the board of trustees of the national
planning association which works
with the Rockefeller Foundation and
other groups on post-war planning.
Patton holds important NYA and
WPA advisory posts.
ö _
The Montana supreme court during
the week held that Howard Guliick
son was legally entitled to act as at
torney general of Montana during the
absence of John W. Bonner, and up
held the validity of Chapter 41 of the
laws of 1941 which provided leaves of
absence for state officers entering the
laws of 1941 which provided leaves of
absence for state officers entering the
military service.
Howard W. Hazelbaker, state sen
ator from Lake county and now lo
cated in Missoula, announced that he
had resigned his position In the state
senate to seek the republican nomi
nation for congress in the first dis
announced from Missoula that he
would he a candidate for re-election
to the state legislature from Missoula
Another Hazelbaker, Frank,
State insurance matters occupied
the attention of the state board of
examiners for the forepart of the
week. The board is making a careful
appraisal of all state-owned property
in an effort to evaluate the state's
insurance requirements,
appraisal is finished bids will be ad
vertised and the insurance in various
categories will go to various state in
surance men. Prior to this system
the state has been giving all of its
insurance to the Pearl Assurance Co.
When the
Candidates for clerk of the supreme
court submitted their filings during
the week,
nomination are John W. Mountjoy,
former secretary of state; W. P. Pll
geram, former state representative:
and Frank Murray of Butte. The re
publican aspirant is the incumbent,
Peter M. RIgg, who was appointed by
Gov. Sam C. Ford to fill the unex
pired term caused by the death of
Arthur Porter.
Havre, and an attorney, is a former
member of the state legislature.
Seeking the democratic
Rigg, formerly of
The state highway commission is
scheduled to meet June 24, to consider
bids for the construction of a high
way in Stillwater county linking the
chrome properties there with the rail
road. The project includes one bridge
Page Four)
On July 1 and 2, there will be a
conference at Montana State Univer
sity on the subject of "Democracy,
Citizenship, and Character." The aims
of the conference have been described
as follows;
"A conference dealing with the bas
ic principles of democracy, the train
ing for intelligent citizenship, and the
bul.lding of character, will be held on
July 1 and 2. The alms of the confer
ence will be to bring to light the
broad objectives and underlying Ideals
of all groups dealing with the guid
ance and training of youth and the
development of character, and to stim
ulate more effective thinking on the
educational, religious, and social proc
esses by which good citizenship Is
produced and democracy strengthened.
Through panel and forum discussions,
educators, ministers, leaders of scout
and camp fire organizations, repre
sentative of parents' groups, and all
other vitally concerned with young
people will participate in the inter
change of views,
lems of morale in the present war
emergency will be considered against
the broader background of values of
democratic civilization."
Mr. John Barton of the university
of Wisconsin, and Mr. Frederick Re
defer, director of the Progressive Edu
cation Association will be among the
distinguished speakers present at the
The special prob
Murray-Patman Bill Provid
ing for Setting Up Smaller
War Plants Corporation in
War Production Board Gets
Congress O. K.
WASHINGTON—By the acceptance
of a conference committee report (ap
proved Wednesday in the house) the
senate placed final congressional ap
proval today upon the Murray-Patman
bill (S. B. 2250) providing for the
mobilization of small business con
cerns in the war effort. Passed first
by the senate on a vote of 82 to 0, It
was amended and passed by the house
on a vote of 344 to 0, the bill now
needs only the President's signature
to become law.
It was introduced in the senate Feb
ruary 5 by the senate committee on
small business (Sen. James E. Murray
of Montana, chairman, and members
j Maloney of Connecticut, Eilender of
I Louisiana, Mead of New York, Stew
art of Tennessee, Capper of Kansas,
Taft of Ohio). It was introduced in
the house by Chairman Wright Pat
man of the house committee on small
business of which the members are
Bulwinkle of North Carolina, Kelly of
Illinois. Fitzgerald of Connecticut, Hal
leck of Indiana, Hall of New York and
Ploeser of Missouri.
The bill sets up within the War
Production Board a corporation to be
known as the Smaller War Plants Cor
poration with a capital of 150 million
powers to pro
vide money and facilities for the con
version of small concerns to war
work, and also the power to take con
tracts from the procurement divisions
of the armed forces as a prime con
tractor and to sub-contract to small
concerns throughout the country.
Thus Is eliminated the old run-around
where small concerns could not get
contracts because they could not get
financed, and they could not get fi
nanced because they could not get
The corporation will be under the
control of a hoard of five directors
to be named by Donald Nelson, and it'
is designed to become an aggressive
agency through which small manu
facturing concerns which have been
unable to secure war contracts may
now be utilized in the all-out war ef
The bill further provides for the
appointment of a deputy to Donald
Nelson who will be responsible for
the welfare of small business con
cerns, and whose duty it will he to
aid them in every way to secure fair
treatment on priorities, contracts, al
locations, etc.
The bill writes into law the Presi
dent's Executive Order authorizing
the procurement divisions of the
armed forces to guarantee loans by
banks to small concerns. This same
power is given to the smaller war
plants corporation Itself, and the plan
is for the corporation to utilize its
150 million dollars capital as a revolv
ing fund to get small concerns estab
ifshed in war work, after which the
corporation will be able to turn its
loans to the banks and other private
agencies and re-use its capital.
The bill accomplishes a number of
other fundamental objectives,
broadens the lending powers of the
R.F.C. and eliminates certain restric
Pagre Four)
Mammoth Corporation Closes 1941 Show
ing Nearly Double the Profits Made in 1940
Which in Turn Were Double the Earnings
Of the Company in 1939; Now Operating
With Higher Prices for Surplus Production.
Net profits of the Anaconda Copper Mining Company for
the year 1941 according to the New York Times totaled $70,-
323,659, nearly three times the stock reported outstand-
ing in 1933, then estimated of a value of twenty-five million
dollars. Of this amount, according to the report, $43,433,659
to be paid in stock dividends, representing nearly two
--—♦dollars for every one of its
Charged With Nation Wide
Monopoly Price Fixing on
Commercial Explosives and
Blasting Supplies; 5 Other
Companies Also Indicted.
Pont do Nemours & Co., indicted In
May for ^conspiring with the Nazi
chemical trust to maintain a world
wide monopoly over dyestuffs, was in
dicted for a second time June 4.
This time the big company is ac
cused of price-fixing through a nation
wide monopoly over chemical explo
sives and blasting supplies.
Indicted along with the duPont com
pany were five other powder manu
facturing companies and 10 officials.
DuPont and the others were ac
cused of having entered Into conspir
acy as early as 1938 and until now
have engaged continuously in unlaw
ful combination and price fixing.
The whole country, the Indictment
says, was divided into identical geo
graphical zones in which customers
were sold at identical prices.
Grain markets showed further de
clines during the week ended June
6, according to the department of agri
culture, but at the lower levels a stub
born undertone asserted itself. Sell
ing pressure lessened and commercial
demand showed some Improvement.
Wheat prices re-acted upward about
3c from the week's low point as flour
demand improved at the lower levels
and mills again furnished some buy
ing support to both the cash and fu
tures markets.
Rye prices also re
acted upward from the week's low but
prices for the period still showed size
able net loss as commercial demand
was only fair and crop news continued
unusually favorable. Corn, oats, and
feed barley sagged but recovered as
the week closed. A consistently good
demand continued for top quality mel
low malting barley and prices for
these types held firm.
WHEAT: While fair weather with
more sunshine would be helpful in
the spring wheat area, the weather
on the whole continued favorable for
development of the wheat crop. Win
ter wheat east of the Mississippi river
made generally good progress and is
now heading as far north as Maryland
and blooming in the central Ohio Val
ley. In the Great Plains states a fav
orable outlook continues with ripen
ing reported as far north as southern
Kansas where harvest is expected to
begin within a week or two. How
ever In western Kansas, volunteer
wheat has deteriorated because of
dryness while dry winds have been
unfavorable for wheat with rank
growth reported in northwestern Tex
as where conditions were becoming
progress of the winter wheat crop con
tinued mostly excellent.
Spring wheat seeding is now com
pleted but the season thus far has
been extremely wet and heavy rains
have caused washing out in local
areas. The crop as a whole however
has responded to the more saesonable
temperatures recently and growth has
been rapid. In spite of the backward
season, spring wheat prospects espe
cially from a moisture standpoint are
decidedly favorable at this time.
In Canada temperatures were below
normal throughout the western grain
areas during the week with light
frosts reported in northern sections.
Temperatures during recent days how
ever have been more seasonable. The
prolonged cool period retarded grain
growth hut is reported to have de
veloped excellent root systems and
Page Four)
North of Kansas, the
These astronomical earnings were
made in 1941 despite the plea of the
company last year, that any Increase
in wages granted to the workers in
their negotiations with the company
would result in ruination, with the
price 'of copper pegged at 12 cents a
pound by the government.
However, as related previously in
The Voice (issue of January 30) the
Metal Reserves Company, the govern
ment metal purchasing agency, in fix
ing the price of copper, had thrown
down most of the bars against an in
crease in Its provision that copper
produced in excess of the 1941 pro
duction would be recognized as a "sur
plus" production and a premium of
five cents over the pegged price
would be paid for those amounts.
At the time, union officials in Butte
declared that production in the Butte
mines in the latter part of 1941, had
declined 2,000 tons a month as com
pared with the average monthly out
put during the first half of the year.
This decrease, without doubt repre
sented a deliberate slowdown of pro
duction in anticipation of the increase
in price of the ''surplus'' for the com
ing year. Responsible officials of the
Butte Miners Union estimate that the
company can produce as much in the
first six months of the present year
as it did during the entire year of
1941. If the company doubles its out
put this year, it Is certain to more
than double the amounts of Its profits
in 1941, considering that half of its
production volume will be at the rate
of 17c per pound for the copper.
Of the total of the net profits, aside
from the dividends to the stockhold
ers, the sum of $21,890,000 was set
aside for the payment of indebted
ness—and $6,000,000 for a contingent
fund, the purpose of which is wrapped
in mystery. The indebtedness amount,
includes probably the tens of thou
sands accruing from losses in the pub
lication of their daily propaganda or
gans in Montana,
In the event that the next session
of the legislature should be inclined
to propose some new or additional tax
levies on the company, it will be in
teresting to hear what Us defense
(Continued on Page Four)
Joining with Senator Gillette of
Iowa and others of the farm bloc who
have urged manufacture of rubber
from farm surpluses, Senator Murray
will push his bill to create a U. S.
Rubber Authority In the Federal
Works Agency. The bill, now pend
ing in the senate, proposes to con
struct plants out in the farm belt,
including Montana, to turn surplus
crops into alcohol from which syn
thetic rubber can be made. It envis
ages the production of 400,000 tons of
rubber a year from surplus crops.
"The crux of all our transportation
and most of our priority difficulties
is shortage of rubber. If we had suf
ficient rubber,«we would need no gas
rationing. We have an abundance of
oil and gasoline. It Is my hope that
the officials responsible for supplying
our armed forces and our civilian
economy will get behind this rubber
program with all their force."
Due to war conditions, the curtail
ment of tire use and the threatened
nation-wide rationing of gasoline, the
annual meeting of the Co-operative
Business Enterprise's Association,
scheduled for Great Falls June 15 and
16, has been abandoned for this year.
A. E. Kathan, president of the state
wide association, after a survey and
canvas of the member companies,
found that it would he possible to
have only a very small attendance
due to travel conditions, and it was
thought advisable not to attempt to
hold the meeting this year.

xml | txt