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THE PEOPLE'S VOICE K % K » -5 K ft» > Vol. Ill— No. 29 HELENA, MONTANA, JUNE 19, 1942 Price Five Cents 'EQUALITY OF SACRIFICE 9 URGED BY THE PRUDENT FAR FROM REALITinON ?» s Profits of Big Enterprises F F ged in War Production for the Countr | e Increasing; Small Business Suffering; _ * nies of Offi cials of Profiteering Corporations Astro nomical; Rich Get Richer. By SCOTT NEARING Six weeks have passed since President Roosevelt offered his anti-inflation program to congress. The slogan was "equality of sacrifice." Price control, stabilized wages, limited and rea sonable profits, maximum incomes of $500 per week ($25,000 per year) and a ceiling on farm prices were some of the specific measures proposed.♦— Certain parts of the program have been put into effect. Others have been sadly neg lected or forgotten. Steps have been taken to freeze both wages and prices — despite the fact that prices had already advanced more rapidly than most wages—there by forcing many wage-earning fam ilies, and all families with fixed In comes, to a lower standard of living. As to profits—there can be no two opinions. American big business in 1942 Is making more money than It has ever made in its entire history. Corporation net Income was $6,700, 000,000 in 1939 and $15,200,000,000 in 1941. Estimates place It at around $18,000,000,000 for 1942. Taxes have been increased, but thus far no effec tive steps have been taken to reduce 1942 and 1943 profits below the fabu lous levels of 1940 and 1941. There is dispute as to exactly how much profit is being made by particu lar concerns. A recent hearing in Washington figured the rate of profit on specific navy contracts all the way from 7 to 122 per cent. Figures published last week by the SEC on executive salaries for 1941 showed little sign of sacrifice. The Consolidated Oil Co. paid Its presi dent $155,959 In 1941. The same per H. P. Sinclair, received an addi tional $60,040 as chairman and direc tor of the Richfield Oil Corp. Curtls Wrglht paid its president $176,445. American Tobacco paid its presi dent $288,144, and two vice presidents $150,886 each. The chairman of Gen eral Foods received $129,999. The president of Standard Oil (New Jer sey) received $144,212; one vice presi dent was paid $108,662; another was paid $103,840. The president of Stand ard Oil (Indiana) president, $114,972, and so on through a long list of sal aries exceeding $2,000 per week. Many of these high-paid officials re ceived other salaries from other cor (Continued on Pagre Pour) CLARKE TO CAPITAL ON LEGISLATION O. F. Clarke, chairman of the Mon tana legislative board of the Railroad brotherhoods, left last Sunday for Washington, D. C. to Join with other representatives there in protesting curtailment of train services. While in the east, Mr. Clarke will visit his son, Capt. R. H. Clarke of the transportation service of the U. S. Army, stationed now at Camp Holla bird in Maryland. Mr. Clarke served one term as a director in the Co-operative Publish ing company. TRESPASSING AT THE CAPITAL By A. I. HARRIS Why Keep Figures Secret? There is a neat argument going on behind the scenes between WPB offi cials and Army heads over the policy of keeping the American people In the dark as to war production figures —aircraft, guns, tanks, etc. For months, WPB officials have been contending that production fig ures be made public. The Army, how ever, insists that this would be re vealing military secrets of value to the enemy. The Army position Isn't well taken It's a lead for a number of reasons, pipe cinch that the enemy has a way of finding out what these figures are anyway, and the only ones being kept In the dark are our own people and those of our allies. There is always a suspicion on the part of the public that when production figures aren't revealed, it's because they aren't so hot, which Isn't the best thing in the world for morale. Those who are close to the scene know that our war production figures are beginning to soar sky high. Even assuming that the enemy has no means of finding out what they are, which is a silly assumption, his knowl edge of these things could have no other effect on him than making him nervous and jittery, would be of definite military advan tage for our side. That In itself Expect Some Fireworks Despite reports to the contrary, it is asserted that the case against the Rev. Charles A. Coughlin will proceed "on its merits." There had beeen—and still are— persistent rumors that the case u WAR COURSES POPULAR AT STATE UNIV. MONTANA STATE UNIVERSITY. — (Special)—An increased enrollment in "war courses" and a shortage of males, clearly Indicated the effect of war upon education as students reg istered this week for Montana State university's first 10-week summer quarter. Regular classes of six and ten weeks duration began Tuesday. Aeronautics chemistry, physics and home economics drew the heaviest registration, with a normal number of students signing for mathe matics courses. The new Workshop in Education, designed to guide teach ers and administrators in placing their own school curricula on a war time basis, and supervised by Pres. E. O. Melby, also met all expectations, Dr. G. D. Shallenberger, director of the summer session, stated. "The enrollment will be somewhat lower this summer than last year, but the student body is more earnest and serious," Shallenberger said, dents seem to be Interested in courses (Continued on Page Four) courses, "Stu FARMER-LABOR PARTY ASKS SECOND FRONT t ST. PAUL, Minn.—(FP)—A demand for a western front in Europe, ap pointment of a committee to work out collaboration with the Farmer Labor Assn, and a call for total unity behind the war effort featured the Farmer Labor Party convention of 160 dele gates here. The second front resolution was de bated at great length with former Gov. Hjalmar Petersen leading the opposition on the grounds that the question should be left to military authorities. Former Gov. Elmer Benson made the principal plea for unity, urging "not only labor unity, but unity of labor with the farmer and the unity of both with the people. We must be bound by the indestructible unity which permits no Quislings to divide us on false issues." Organization and representation for the June 27 Farmer Labor Assn, con vention are to be worked out by a committee of 21 which was elected to meet with a similar commltte from the association. against Coughlin would be permitted to drop, now that the Coughlin mouth piece, "Social Justice Magazine," has been banned from the mails and Its publication ceased. But with relative small fry seditlonists and foreign agents being brought before the bar of justice, strong opposition to drop ping the Coughlin case has developed in all sections of the country. Currently, the district grand jury, which has returned a score of indict ments in connection with its investi gation into activities of seditlonists and foreign agents, is examining the books and records of "Social Justice Magazine." Witnesses soon may be called, it is indicated. The grand Jury, it is known, also is continuing its investigation of at least one, possibly two, members of con These have been quite active gress. in spreading the nazi line In this coun try. An indictment here will not too greatly surprise some people. Anti-Labor Sentiment Business men are given the "low down" by "What's Happening," a con fidential news service published by Prentice-Hall, Inc., that Congress is now anti-labor. This, it concludes, is a reflection of the sentiment of the folks back home. The latter inference may be just wishful thinking, or a good talking point, but there is no doubt that anti labor sentiment on Capitol Hill has been growing the past few weeks. It has assumed formidable proportions in the house, and though It does not represent the majority sentiment in the senate, it is more than negligible (Continued on Fase Three) PROTECTION AGAINST FIRE STRESSED Municipal authorities In every city in the state owe It to their citizens and to the nation at large to do every thing possible to prevent fire losses at the present time, John J. Holmes, In surance commissioner of Montana, said In a statement released todaÿ. "It always is the duty of public of ficials to try to protect the lives and property of their citizens," he said, "but today their obligation to do so is more urgent than ever. Fire Is one of the greatest destroyers of lives and property. Fire under control is man's best friend, but fire that Is out of control can be his worst enemy. "Many communities are at work to day building auxiliary fire fighting forces which may be needed to cope with enemy bombing attacks. Great as the destruction of property by aerial attack may be, it could hardly be more disastrous than the toll which fire takes In this country every year. "Over a period of years, fire takes an annual toll of 10,000 lives and one third of a billion dollars In property damage. Most fires result from negli gence or carelessness, how necessary those lives are to our present war emergency; and how large a quantity of bombers, tanks, anti-aircraft guns, or other fighting equipment could be purchased with the money which annually Is wasted Page Three) Just think (C< itlnued WILL PASS 1942 GOAL OF PRODUCTION COLUMBIA, Mo.—(FP)—The U. S. in 1942 will produce 60,000 war planes, 10,000 more than President Roose velt's demand of two years ago, which was called fantastic by all the pro duction experts except union officials who said mass produtcion methods, subsequently accepted by manage ment, would do the trick. This was revealed by War Produc tion Chief Donald M. Nelson here June 9 when he declared in a com mencement speech at Missouri Uni " position of men who realize that they are actually doing the impossible." The phenomenal Increase was cred ited by Nelson to "the men who are making the goods, the managers, the engineers, the foremen and the work ers alike" but he added that more im portant is the "application to the munitions production of the best mass production techniques." Serious support for the application of these techniques was first aroused by a plan put forth almost two years ago by Walter P. Reuther of the United Automobile Workers (CIO). Although the entire Reuther plan was never accepted, it was a rallying point for unions to demand new pro duction methods. One example of unexpected achieve ment cited by Nelson was that of a plant built to produce 60 planes a month but actually producing 150. Nelson chided businessmen who wor ry more about post-war over-produc tion than about the problems of pro ducing to beat the Axis today. "You can conjure up a nightmare for yourself, If you choose," he as serted. "You can imagine that . . . the nation . . . will be baffled by the problem of producing for peace. But do not for a minute belieye that anything of the kind will happen . . . "Poverty is no longer inevitable. The sum total of the world's greatest possible output of goods divided by the sum total of the world's inhabi tants no longer means a little less than enough for everybody. It means more than enough . . . What we are fighting for is the right to turn such a possibility into a reality." Business-as-usual is taking a back seat, Nelson contended, asserting that "the profit motive continues to exist, but it is no longer the mainspring." SPEAKING OF BONDS teimgŒÆ'x // I « / - Æ ■r< isssss» Ï& "A % is / I \ GV Jri v I 5*b' X, A J. ( âL/J r t sZaœeâài OUR mSUHAtICt POLICV Or liberty a iO FMEEOO.V. ! r" } 2$ V * 7 / m v ! •A S k iih îJv.AMq innri*« iifr * * ' lH v v / ( ■m Mi ■: ä III . ll'n mm ■ ' Xf eC YQt ; ; P CS* t , . lit Wi V. 8. Treasury Depu A WALLACE SPEECH IS BURIED AGAIN Controlled Press Obviously Dislikes War Aims and) Role Of tHe Americas as Outlined By Vice President; Hides Stories or Attacks Speeches. NEW YORK.—(FP)—Twice within a month has Vice President Henry A. Wallace made great speeches dramat ically outlining the people's aims in the war against the Axis and both have been universally burled on the Inside pages of the commercial news papers. His first speech on May 8 was big news because It was the first defini tive statement by an authoritative spokesman on U. S. war alms. His second speech June 8 amplified the first statement stressing (he role of the Americas, the dally press was the way In which the labor press handled the May 8 speech. Some union newspapers were able to print the full text. Others ran long stories, many editorials praising and analyz ing the speech. In his second speech Wallace de clared that "America Is building In the sun of a new day for a peace which Is nto based on Imperialistic Intervention." He spoke at a dinner of The Church man, Protestant Episcopal magazine, which made its annual award for pro moting good will and understanding among the peoples of the world to President Roosevelt. The New York Times' treatment was typical. It put the story on page 18 and the headline and the lead on the award to Roosevelt. The speech got fleeting mention In the headline deck and scant quotation in the story. The Herald Tribune put the story on page 12 and also the headline on the (Continued There also were Pagre Pour) EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM AT KALISPELL HIGH MONTANA STATE UNIVERSITY. — (Special)—For the first time in the history of the Civilian Pilot Training plan, high school students will be given co-ordinated flight and ground school instruction whoa an experi mental CPT program opens at Kalis pell this week. Dr. Harold Chatland, secondary in structor and acting ground school co ordinator for Montana State Univer sity's CPT program, spent the week end in Kalispell assisting Titus Kur tichanov, Kalispell co-ordinator, with final arrangements fob the experi ment. Ernest C. Robinson, assistant pro fessor of the Fergus County High School at Lewlstown and a student at the University summer school, will go to Kalispell next week to Instruct the flyers In navigation, meteorology and other primary ground school sub Robinson, a veteran pilot of Jects. the first World war received his flight training In France and holds a ground instructor's rating. He came to the university to take "Teaching of Aero nautics" from Dr. Chatland during the summer quarter. Flathead County High school is one of less than 20 schools in the country picked for the experimental program, Dr. Chatland stated. Ten juniors and seniors from the school will be given the training. "The plan is an experiment because this is the first time that the flight and ground school training has been given simultaneously to a non-college unit and it is the first time high school students have flown under the CPT plan," the instructor explained. "In past non-college programs, out standing graduates of the ground school were picked for flight training with a college group." UNION WILL CO-OPERATE WITH FARMERS DENVER. Colo.—They are going to spend their vacations and "days oft" down on the farm! Ten thousand members of the Colo rado Teamsters' union have volun teered for vacation and "days-off" work upon Colorado farms, H. L. Wox burg. Teamsters' union national repre sentative, has announced. Registra tion of the union teamsters for volun tary farm work Is being conducted at their union headquarters, 122 West 14th avenue. Denver. Wages paid to the teamsters for this voluntary work (at the prevailing farm wage scale) will be contributed by the volunteers to the Army and Navy Relief Fund, Woxburg said. "Every member of our union Is vol unteering for this important work of helping the farmers in their war ef fort to produce abundant crops," Wox burg continued. "Every officer of our organization has already registered and we are awaiting the first call from the farms." "This Is one of the most patriotic moves, to my knowledge, ever made by a labor organlzalton, and clearly indicates the sympathy and under standing which organized labor has for the needs and problems of the farmers of America," Harvey R. Sol berg. president of the Colorado Farm ers Union, commented when told of Page Three) <c< itlnued BIG SHOT CROOKS ESCAPE PR0SFCÜTI0N WASHINGTON—(FP)—Prosecution of the E. I. duPont de Nemours Co. and Allied Chemical & Dye on charges of a world-wide conspiracy to monop olize the manufacture and sale of dye stuffs was shelved Indefinitely here by Attorney General Francis Biddle. Biddle acted on the request of Sec retary of War Henry L. Stlmson who said that "trial of the indictment at this time would seriously Interfere with the war effort by consuming the time of executives and key produc tion employes in preparation for and attendance at the trial." The two companies, together with the I. G. Farbenindustrie, giant nazi chemical trust and other foreign af filiates, were indicted by a federal grand jury in Trenton, May 12. At the time of the indictment, As sistant Attorney General Thurman Arnold commented, "One of the prin cipal means of the conspiracy has been restricting the production of the chemical intermediates from which dyestuffs are made and from which important munitions, particularly ex plosives and plastics, could equally well be made." Stimson noted that handing down of the Indictment prevented the charges from being nullified through the statute of limitations. FIELD URGES NEW FORMS OF JOURNALISM NEW YORK—(FP)—Declaring that newspaper publishing has become a "branch of big business," Marshall Field, publisher of PM and The Chi cago Sun, expressed the hope in a speech at New York University that co-operatives and labor unions will try to "create new and living forms of journalism" in the U. S. "The owners of papers," Field as serted, "are singularly blind to the position and aspirations of labor. It is natural perhaps that their view of labor facts should be colored by their relationship to those facts, "They actually see and feel and un derstand them from their own partic ular point of view. And the conse quences of that are quickly obvious Jn the actual handling of news." Field cited the case of the news paper furor over the 40-hour week which took place several weeks ago. "It took," Fild said, "several state ments by the President and other gov ernment officials to reassure the country . . . that the 40-hour week law did not restrict work on war contracts to 40 hours. "Paper after paper commented on the 40-hour week in such a way that for days the issue appeared to be whether a man could legally work more than 40 hours or whether, as was, of course, the fact, the whole question was a wage question rather than one of hours." CAMPAIGN IS PLANNED AGAINST HE POLL TAX , Plans for co-operation in the cam paign to abolish the poll tax were formulated at a poll tax institute held in New York City on May 24, under the sponsorship of the New York Dis trict of the Workers Defense League, attended by delegates from a widely . representative group of unions and | other organizations. | A poll tax committee was set up, which will prepare speakers notes and other literature and conduct a speak-, P>Se Four) (Continued U. S. SUPREME COURT DECISION STRIKES AT GUARANTEES OF FREEDOM 5 to 4 Decision Holds Peddlers Tax Must Be Paid by Religious Group Selling Tracts Setting Forth Its Teachings; Minority Opinion Contends That Decision Violates The* Guaranteed Constitutional Rights. By HENRY ZON WASHINGTON. — (FP) — Before the supreme court laid away its judicial robes for the summer it handed down a five to four decision that will be closely studied in the months to come. As is sometimes the case, the minority opinion, written by Chief Justice Stone with the support of Justices Black, -»Douglas, was created by the Montana state leg islature and placed in the Department of Public Instrutclon. Miss Elizabeth Ireland, state superintendent of public instruction, appointed Harry A. Nor ton. the state supervisor of visual aids in education. Miss Ireland has directed that the library should be a help to the small rural schools by distributing films and mimeographed visual aids and mate rial to schools and county superin tendents. Mr. Norton states the policy of the film library as follows: "The city and large rural schools willing to pioneer the establishment of a visual library that makes no distinction between rich or poor, large or small, city or country school, Is invited and urged to Join the state visual program.'' Next year a membership of more than one hundred schools is expected. VISUAL AID SCHOOL PROGRAM MAKES PROGRESS Seventy schools of Montana have pledged films in lieu of their next year rentals to the State Library of Visual Aids In Education, according to the state supervisor. This library These will receive a weekly service from a twelve to fourteen thousand dollar stock of films. Next year the library would like to use both direct and circuit bookings. However, the decision will be left to the choice of the co-operating schools. A circuit of two or three schools should give the participating members the combined quotas of all the schools of the circuit. However, as the li brary believes Itself unable to place damages against the individual schools composing a circuit, the library will charge all damages to the account of the entire circuit as a unit of admin istration. Practically all sales of new project ors have stopped in Montana, gives the library a chance to catch up on the required number of prints nec essary for a more perfect film service to the state class rooms. This However, some dealers have pro-1 Page Four) <C< itlnued Estimate of the Situation » U With filings closed for state of-1 flees, and the deadline for filing for county offices closing this coming Sat urday, we shall soon know the choices we have to make. It may be that again, In some Instances we may have to make the dangerous and unneces "choice between two evils". If sary there are instances of that kind, It Is our own—the people's—fault. The race for the United States sen ate lies between Sen. James E. Mur ray and Joe Monaghan on the demo cratlc ticket. Monaghan was ambi tious once before to be elected In stead of Murray, but the people of the state decided that Murray was good enough for them. With a record of consistently supporting all farm and labor legislation and other measures intended to ease the lot of the "little man," It Is unlikely that the people of the state will see any reason to re place Murray. The race In the primaries on the Hell republican ticket, is between Hitler" Thorkelson of Butte, erstwhile supporter of Nazi ideology In con gress, and Wellington D. Rankin, Hel ena attorney. Rankin Is an able cam paigner and public speaker and the concensus of opinion seems to be that he will be the republican candidate ; to oppose Murray for the senate seat In the general election. While there are undoubtedly small groups of fas cist minded people In the state ready to support anyone of Thorkelson's stripe, we have too high a regard for the people of the state to believe that there are very many. It Is more than probable, that Sen ator Wheeler will throw all of his po litical support to Rankin in the gen eral election. However, his machine will have some difficulty overcoming the desire of the people for complete support of the administration during this critical time, and Murray has proved himself a staunch and effec tive supporter of the administration's policies. The congressional race in the first district does not augur well. In the democratic lineup are five: J. L. Ad kison, John K. Claxton, Jerry J. C^if ford, Mike Mansfield and Jerry J. O'Connell. With ail of these candi Murphy, has more meat in it than the ma jority opinion, written by Jus tice Reed and supported by Justices Jackson, Byrnes, Rob erts and Frankfurter. The de cision concerned three cases in which peddlers of literature for Jehovah's Witnesses, a re ligious sect, were arrested for failure to pay a peddlers' tax in Alabama, Arkansas and Arizona, court "sanctions a device which in our The majority opinion held that in asmuch as money was received for the religious tracts sold, the transac tion was a commercial one and not covered by the guarantees regarding freedom of speech and freedom of re ligion. Stone, in a strong dissent, tended that the only activity involved was the dissemination of Ideas and the collection of funds for the propa gation of those ideas and that if the power to tax such activity is upheld, the community is given the power to suppress such activity In violation of the constitution. con In their concurring opinions, Jus tices Black, Douglas and Murphy flat ly charged that the opinion of the opinlon suppresses or tends to sup press the free exercise of a religion practiced by a minority group." They added that it was another step in the direction taken by the court in the opinion of Justice Frankfurter in upholding a statute requiring school children to salute the flag and apolo gized for having joined Frankfurter in that decision. "It seems fairly obvious," Stone said in his dissent, "that if the pres ent taxes, laid in small communities upon peripatetic religious propagan dists, are to be sustained, a way has been found for the effective suppres sion of speech and press and religion despite constitutional guarantees. "The very taxes now before us are better adapted to that end than were the stamp taxes which so successfully curtailed the dissemination of ideas by 18th century newspapers and pamphleteers and which were a mov Ing cause of the American revolu P«lt» Poor) (Continued dates claiming some support from progressive minded people In the first district the oracle's crystal Is clouded, A prediction as to the outcome would be hazardous. On the republican slate are three candidates in the first district: How ard K. Hazelbaker, Sherman W. Smith , and Edmond G. Toomey. All of these ; hopeful gentlemen have served In the state legislature and established re actionary records In support of priv ileged groups with little or no con \ sidération or effort for the common : people. If this writer should hazard a guess to pick the winner of the nomination, it would be Toomey. A reasonably good guess would be that if Toomey is nominated on the republican ticket and O'Connell on the democratic, Toomey will be elected with the blessing of Wheeler, In the second district there are three aspirants for the congressional seat on the democratic ticket and three on the republican. On the dem ocratic ticket are the Incumbent, James O'Connor, Wm. M. McCracken and Robert A. Hammond. Appraised generally throughout his district as a Wheeler stooge, and having voted for continuance of the Dies committee and for a "power trust bill" there Is considerable feeling against the pomp ous O'Connor. Among the farmers, he lost face by his vote on the Hope amendment to the agricultural appro priations act, exempting landlords from limitation on benefit payments, Whether or not, either of his oppon ents can develop enough strength to overcome the Wheeler machine is problematical. On the republican side there are three reactionaries in the second dis trict as in the first. They are: Byron DeForest, a noisy manager of a credit agency In Great Falls, Grant Ham mond and F. F. Haynes. The latter is supposed to be the leading contender, Haynes served In the Montana senate and in the last session scored Zero in tabulating the percentages of votes cast for measures of general public Interest, Candidates for the other state of flees will be discussed from time to time in future Issues of The Voice.