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THE PEOPLE'S VOICE
Published Weekly by The People's Voice Publishing Co. at 1205 Lockey Street, Helena, Montana P. O. Box 838 Entered as Second Class Matter December 7, 1939 at the Post Office at Helena. Montana, under the Act of March 3, 1879. rn^a CO., HELENA. MONT. CO-OP PUBLISHING H. S. BRUCE, Managing^Editor Subscription Price; Year $1.60; six months $1.00 No Commercial Advertising except from Co-operative Business institu tions accepted. Rates on application. Subsidies The battle on the question of subsidies and roll-back prices grows daily more bitter in the congress with a coalition of reactionary republicans and democrats carrying on the fight against them and the present outlook for passage appropriations appear dark indeed. The pressure on congress from cattle growers, dairy in terests, the Farm Bureau Federation, the National Grange and other interests representing selfish, privileged groups, is un ceasing. These groups are not apparently concerned in the least with the effect which spiraling prices will have on the national economy. Obviously they are either totally ignorant of the economic implications of unrestricted prices at this time, or they feel secure that labor can be dominated and coerced by legislation to continue to work for wages that will spell star vation under the spiraling prices of food which are bound to come unless prices are controlled. The same groups now fighting subsidies and the stabiliza tion of prices, have howled about the demands of labor for in creases to meet the rising costs of living. They have accused the administration of favoring labor too much ; that increases in wages carried dangers of inflation. They have never sug gested that the tremendous acceleration of profit gouging on the part of industry, constituted any threat of inflation. The Farm Bureau Federation and the Grange, demanding that the ceiling on prices be removed which is certain to bring about tremendous increases in the cost of foods to the consum er, do not take into consideration that the increased profits to the big farmer members of these organizations also carry a threat of inflation. They do not stop to think, or else, as sug gested above feel secure in their ability to get action out of congress to maintain the Little Steel wage formula to prevent spiraling labor costs keeping pace with mounting food and other living costs. They are apparently too dumb to realize, that all angles considered, they are sitting on a powder keg. The calibre of some of the statesmen which we have in the congress, is typified by Henry B. Steagall, chairman of the house banking committee. In his district, peanuts is one of the major crops. So the opponents of subsidies in order to gain his support in opposing subsidies in general, bought his support with a provision in the repeal legislation continuing subsidy payments on vegetable fats and oils. From that time, he became an opponent of the administration's program. The administration has stated flatly that without subsi dies, the Little Steel wage formula cannot be maintained, and the supporters of the subsidy proposals declare that they con stitute the only protection against increased wages. While there are sound arguments against subsidies as such, the simple fact is that they do act as a deterrent against higher prices for foods. They have been paid for many years past in various forms by the government. Air lines and steam ship lines have been subsidized by out of reason payments on contracts for carrying mail. But the cost of postage has been kept at a reasonable figure for the public. The government is now paying a subsidy price on minerals produced in excess of the production for 1941. But the price per pound of the minerals produced in the quantities of 1941 is the same as it was then. It has kept the price stabilized by control, the same holds true in many other instances. There is no argument in opposition to subsidies as far as costs are concerned. The costs are relatively insignificant as was pointed out by President Roosevelt. He stated in his mes sage that the cost of subsidies for this year would equal only the cost of the war for three days. It is a small price to pay for a stabilized front here at home, and the saving of the gov ernment and individuals from the effects of inflation prices. The subsidy question is being used by opponents of the administration as a point of attack. Just how sound their rea soning is and their arguments are indicated by a Washington news letter written a couple of weeks ago. This reporter for "big business" states that congress will undoubtedly refuse to pass subsidy legislation except in a small way. He then goes on to say that when food costs start rising and a storm of pro test rises, the President will then "pass the buck" by blaming it on congress. We can't see where else the President could place the blame, nor where else it belongs. We can't afford to jeopardize the orderly functioning of the home front and create storm and stress here which will in evitably create disunity and affect adversely the production of materials needed for prosecution of the w'ar. Let's tell our representatives in Washington that. And The New Tax Bill The new tax bill which has been approved and presented by the house ways and means committee is a monument to its control by wealth and privilege. Certainly it carries no other distinction except that it may also be said of it that it is a model of ineffectiveness in that it will raise only a fifth of the revenue which the administration declares is necessary to fi nance the war and prevent inflation. The Treasury asked for an increase in individual income taxes to produce six and one half billion dollars; the commit tee bill increases them by $154,800,000. The treasury asked that corporation taxes be increased so as to produce $1,100, 000,000; the committee cut this to $616,000,000. And so it went, all down the line. According to reports, a subcommittee had recommended amendments to the renegotiation of contracts provisions in the bill which would have effectively destroyed any action by the government to recover any obviously unreasonable profits made by war contractors. Because of a battle put up by ad ministration officials, this amendment tvas tempered somewhat at the last minute, but as finally approved by the committee still will have the effect of retarding the government's collec tion of refunds on excessive profits. A drive for a wholesale revision of the bill in the house has been started by liberal groups. In the spearhead of the drive are the CIO, the National Farmers Union, the Brother hood of Railroad Trainmen, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the National Women's Trade Union League, the League of Women Shoppers, Consumers' Union, and the National Lawyers Guild. These organizations are uraging the house to adopt a rule which will permit the members to vote on the amendments which they propose instead of the rules which prohibit'such consideration. This would of course bring out in the open the stand of every representative on the amendments proposed. The amendments proposed by the group are as follows: Eliminate the new tax substituted by the committee for the Victory tax. Lift personal exemptions from the income tax to $750 for single persons, $1,600 for married couples and $400 for each dependent. Increase income taxes on incomes above $3,000 a year, with a ceiling on incomes of $25,000 after taxes. Raise the corporate tax rate from 40 to 50 per cent. Compute excess profits taxes on invested capital, eliminat ing the alternative method provided by the present law. Eliminate loop-holes by requiring joint income tax returns from married couples, taxing income from tax-exempt state and local securities, and abolishing percentage depletion for oil and mining companies. Increase rates and lower exemptions on estates and gifts. "The adoption of the proposals here made will raise sub stantial revenues, aid in siphoning off the most dangerously inflationary incomes and avoid cuts into the necessary subsist ence of those who fight the battle of production on the farms and in the factories." FROM EDITORIAL COLUMNS 1 _a I Do Not Understand .. .. The Montana Standard of Sunday, November 14 carried a weeping interview of Mr. George Mungas, Philipsburg stock man and currently president of the Montana Stockgrowers' Association, who is currently depressed by "confusing, uneco nomical and ill-timed bureaucratic regulations." The cause of the despondency now engulfing Mr. Mungas is the Vinson order setting price ceiling on livestock because he says, "It adds confusion to the comparatively simple process of meeting supply and demand when the demand is good and the supply is adequate or more than adequate." As Mr. Mungas broods over man's inhumanity to man he shakes his head dolefully and says repeatedly, "I do not un derstand. I do not understand." However, there is a ray of hope we feel as we observe Mr. Mungas in his trials and tribulations. If those other champions of special privilege who like Mr. Mungas batted out a double zero score in the legislative halls of Montana would also come out publicly like Mr. Mungas and confess that they too "Do not understand" it would give us renewed faith in humanity and we would bestir ourselves to educate them in the economic facts of life so they could no longer lament they "Do not understand". We in our naivete thought such champions of special priv ilege as Mr. Mungas and his ilk understood too well. We did not realize it was ignorance and lack of understanding which caused such men to vote against the interests of the people of Montana and for special privilege, for lo these many years. Fortified with this knowledge of the true facts as a re sult of the confession of Mr. Mungas we can now gird our loins and go out into the highways and byways of our great state and spread enlightenment and wisdom. And perhaps as a result of our efforts Mr. Mungas and his confreres, when and if they return to the legislative halls of Montana w'ill be able to reverse their voting record and show that they now fully understand and can truly represent the people of their counties in legislative matters. And perhaps we can then point to such men and their voting records and say, "Here is a man who understands the fundamental issues facing us in Montana and the United States today. Here is a man who has voted 100% for the people of Montana. All honor to his name."—Contributed. Axis Hangmen Mournin (T & r There is indeed mourning by Hitler and Hirohito and their hangmen. But there is also mourning among the Axis fifth columnists in America. And this must arouse every patriotic American and the labor movement in particular. Hardly had the Berlin radios poured out their poison than their willing chore boy in San Simeon had echoed the Axis propaganda through his chain of newspapers. It was a des perate last-ditch attempt to shatter the coalition of the United Nations and prevent it from becoming an actuality—a last ditch attempt to gain time for Adolph and Tojo and their hangmen. Hearst is but one of the channels through which the Axis propaganda seeps into our nation. The entire Axis fifth column is frantically trying to per suade patriotic Americans that the real enemy is not Hitler but the Russians—although the blood of millions has bathed the earth in driving back the Nazi hordes on the Eastern front. It is the same lie upon which the Axis rose to power. Our fighting armies who are meeting the enemy in mortal combat can be depended upon to translate the terms of the pact into a quick victory. Every patriotic American at home, and labor in particular must shoulder the responsibility to bolster our fighting forces by support of the coalition warfare, crystallized in the Moscow conferences. Labor's pledges of support behind the agreements and its own determination to unite on a world-wide scale for an en during peace will beat back the Axis fifth column in a mighty ground-swell of support behind the Allied armies. Labor must take the lead in tearing the false face from the friends of Hitler and Hirohito in America. And in this task they will win the deep and abiding affection of every man and woman who yearn for victory and the early return of our fighting forces. —The New World. Sound or Rotten The eminent statesmen struggling with war problems and peace projects have not asked this paper for advice, so it is on our own initiative that we blurt: No such thing as a sound foreign policy can spring from the bedlam of unsoundness in our present domestic policy. We cannot be sound abroad if rotten at home. Right now our government finds itself nearly helpless to curb the voracity of war profiteers and other looters of the general substance of the nation. The Department of ministration of the voluble Spangler possesses no program, has learned no lessons and is able only to "view with alarm", "note Justice is working night and day and has congested the fed eral court dockets with indictments secured against these rave nous commercial and financial beasts of prey. Congress should act against them, but will not do it, being either terrorized or subsidized by these pundits of predatory greed and ruth less pillage. How can a country controlled by such forces live up to its advertising in formulating a foreign policy that will put new courage, instead of despair, into the hearts of the distressed countries of the world, which are beginning to won der if they are going to be saved merely to be eaten raw.— The Capital Press (Ore.). Are the "Good Old Days" Just Around the Corner? Some people were doubtless interested in the meetings held Monday and Tuesday at Missoula at which wheelhorses of the Republican party in Montana with a scattering from adjoining states, gathered to take lessons in "(what to do about it" from National Chairman Harrison E. Spangler. The good folks whose interest had been aroused W'ere dis appointed. The Honorable Harrison played all the old tunes, sang all the old songs and the show ended right where* it be gan. It developed that the Republican party under the ad with regret" and prove awful hungry for the jobs which they a OPINIONS OF READERS IF I WAS COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF ANGLO-AMERICAN FORCES I would retire from Italy and leave but a corporal's guard, more if nec essary ,in Naples, leave the Italians get better acquainted with Badogllo, .a a. Publications of communications under this heading, does not imply that The Voice agrees or disagrees .with the opinions expressed. Let ters submitted for this department should be brief and the subject mat ter discussed to some degree at least, objectively, ters will receive no consideration for publication. Names will be with held on request. Anonymous let then I would send an army of a mil lion men, or from 60 to 70% of my available force, across the English channel somewhere close to my Eng-1 lish home-base. I would concentrate a major force there for a bee-line drive to Berlin. I would not dissipate my force in striking at the outskirts of the Axis giving it a chance to des troy each place in retreat as it did in Naples and hundreds of towns in The Axis is like an octopus which, to be made harmless, must be struck in the head or stomach, the most vital part wherever that may be, to make the leechy arms perfectly harmless. I would FULLY co-operate with the Red Army and by striking a quick blow with all my force, X would change the conflict from a long-and bloody-war-of-attrition to a short-and decisive war-of-victory. I would make it a military war de void of~politics and when Hitler is licked I would play my trump card against the Japs. This would save Europe from the devastation going on in Italy today. I would quit looking for a soft under-belly and go to war in earnest and be done with it. Being short on shipping facilities, I would shorten my lines-of-communicatlon a couple of thousand miles and use England as my base-of-supplies in stead of Africa or Cicily. This would give the Allied troops in England a chance to limber up and make a show ing. Russia, Procrastination is the thief of time. A. E. ANDERSON. Butte, Mont, Nov. 15, 1943. SPECIAL NOTICE Producer Voters and Townsendites The Townsend Plan seeks to elimi nate from America's national econom ic life, all low income groups, and set a minimum decent standard of living for all groups by a national law set ting a minimum purchasing power for with no such thing as unemployment heads of families on an annual basis, guaranteed by federal government where private industry cannot fill the gap, which economy is the only sys condemn others for having. Such a sordid demonstration of the principle of the vac uum must have a blighting effect upon the hopes of those mil lions of sincere members of the Republican party who would really like to see the old organization awaken from its slumber and develop some tangible program. They might begin to wonder why grandfather was a Republican after all? Mr. Spangler at one point affirmed that the people want to "get back on the track where they were for 150 years so they can go forward. They can't do it with millions of bu reaucrats in Washington." I cannot figure just what track the great leader is talking about as railroads were not functioning in those early years of the Republic, and the Republican party — that personal property of the Big Business interests—had not been born to be filched from the Lincolns of yesteryear to do service for Mammon. But it is noteworthy that Mr. Spangler did not re fer to the track upon which the Ship of State was wrecked about 25 years ago when the great Harding-Coolidge-Hoover trio listened to the instructions of the late Andrew Mellon and others of equal greed for wealth and power. I can't figure why Mr. Spangler did not remind us of the two cars in every garage, of the chickens in every pot, of pros perity just around the corner, of the hip-hip-hooray days of the mythical Coolidge prosperity when everybody on Wall Street was happy, of the way the service men were beaten up on Pennsylvania Avenue in the nation's capital city when they peaceably exercised their right to petition, of the care free days of plundering the nation by the Ohio Gang during the forgotten administration of Warren Gamaliel Harding, and of course the picture of the thousands of banks that broke during the days of the Hoover administration, under the guid ance of that greatest secretary of the Treasury since Alex Hamilton. ! Gone are the good old days! able Spangler and his National Manufacturers Association backers, and all that type of reactionary individuals are seek ing. Progress is the last thing they want. They want the goo dold days with lucrative perquisites for themselves and a contented and exploited nation of laborers, farmers and small businessmen. They want the license to loot! The Old Guard which controls the Republican party, and That is what the Honor but confirmation will tickle the ward heelers throughout the width of the land. Perhaps, they think, the "good old days" Western News. for whom Mr. Spangler waves his baton, konws perfectly well that there are not millions of bureaucrats in Washington. further knows that of the hundreds of thousands of workers there in the government bureaus about half are members of their own -party—men and women who have held jobs for years in civil service positions, who were blanketed into their jobs by Republican presidents. What the Old Guard is wor rying about is its inability thus far to get the millionaires back into the saddle in Washington. It is just a case of getting two words mixed up. Governor Ford joined the Honorable Spangler in a sad duet about States Rights. Everyone with mature judgment knows this is mere bunk designed to frighten unthinking peo ple and the fact that politicians still use the device is a sad commentary on the Old Guard's judgment of the public's in telligence. Should we wait for the réspective state govern ments to regulate, operate or institute any necessary reforms, we might as well wait for the crack of Doom. It just doesn't happen, particularly-in, Montana. But if there was no program, no idea, not a spark of life in the sad show there was one solitary crumb of comfort to be gleaned by those confirmed addicts of reaction ; it is to be found in the whispered rumors that the cash bags of Big Business are being opened for the purpose of buying the 1944 election. It was apparent for some time that this was the case may be here again after all. CHILDREN MAY PICK TURKEYS MINNEAPOLIS.—Acting to assure the "piece de resistance" for holiday dinner tables, the U. S. Children's Bureau has relaxed its regulations to permit the empolyment of youngsters 14 and 15 years old as turkey pickers, it was announced here today. L. A. Hill, regional director of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts divisions, said child labor regulations have been amended to permit the low er age group to be employed three hours a day and 18 hours a week out side of school hours. When school is not In session, he said, they may be employed for not more than eight hours a day and 40 j hours a week. Under the amendment all work by the youths must be per ! formed betwen 7 a.m. and 7 p.m.; i they must not be permitted to work j more than six days in any seven-day period and a meal period of not less than 45 minutes shall be allowed, | "Minnesota, North and South Da kota and Montana are among the j lion's leading turkey | states," Hill said, "and while the re j laxation of the child labor regulations will not completely solve the packers' manpower problems, it is anticipated many additional thousands of birds I will be prepared for Thanksgiving and ' Christmas markets through the ployment of the school-age youth." He cautioned employers that age certificates, obtained from school su perinttendents in Minnesota and the ! Dakotas and from the state depart ' ment of labor in Montana, must be on file for each child under 18 employed, The amendment is effective for the period ending December 31. na producing em Use of airmail in the U. S. has in creased almost 70 per cent over a year ago. To save electricity, keep lamp bulbs, reflectors, and fixtures clean. * tem that can preserve democracy, eliminate the peace time low income groups—averaging around 40 million, and farmers have a prosperous mar ket without regimentation. Little business will come back to old basic prosperity for all groups. Townsend National Weekly, La Fol lette's Progressive, The People's Voice, all crusade for this type of national economics, and philosophy. On sale each week at Book Store, 408 First Avenue S. While there reg ister in People's political club, to or ganize the producers to elect a peo ple's legislature in 1944. What is the use of yelling every two years— the people have been double-crossed. Let's organize now for the Primary. Register at Book Store, 408 First Ave nue S. in Peoples Political Club for 1944 Primary. If possible donate a dollar for the expense fund. A. L. SUTHERLAND, Acting Secretary. [ resolutions ] Resolution adopted by 15th annual convention Consumers' Co-operative Association: FIGHT ON CO-OPERATIVES WHEREAS, A nationwide fight is developing against continuing federal income tax exemption for agricultural co-operatives, promoted and financed by middlemen groups through an or ganization known as the Central Co ordinating Group, Inc., with headquar ters In Chicago; and WHEREAS, A similar fight Is de veloping against Farm Credit Admin istration that is being promoted and financed by the American Bankers Association which, if successful, would take away the capital provided by the government for loaning to farmers through Production Credit Associa tions, thus injuring agriculture and agricultural co-operatives; now, there fore, BE IT RESOLVED, That members of co-operatives everywhere be urged to write frequent letters to their sen ators and representatives in congress, beginning at once, urging that they support continued federal income tax exemption for co-operatives that qual ify and urging their opposition to any measure advanced by bankers which would restrict in any way the ability of Production Credit Corporations to meet the demand for loans for farm production purposes. At a regular meeting of the Yellow stone County Trades and Labor As sembly held at the Labor Temple in Billings on October 15, 1943, the fol lowing resolution was regularly sub mitted and unanimously approved and adopted: WHEREAS, Sen. Robert F. Wagner of New York and our Sen. James E. Murray, on June 3, 1943, introduced into the senate of the United States, Senate Bill 1161, which provides among other things a United National Social Insurance System; a National System of Public Employment Of fices; a Federal Old Age, Survivors, and Permanent Disability Insurance Benefit Payment; Wife'st Insurance Benefits; Child's Insurance Benefits; Widow's Retirement Insurance Bene fits: Widow's Current Insurance Ben efits; Parent's Insurance Benefit; So cial Security Protection to Individ uals Engaged in the Military Serv ice; Federal Unemployment Insur ance; Temporary Disability and Ma ternity Insurance Benefits; Unem ployment Compensation Allowances on Termination of Military Service and Federal Medical, Hospitalization and Related Benefits, and WHEREAS, Barclay Craighead, a public servant and chairman of the Unemployment Compensation Com mission of Montana, at public ex pense, circulated among the employ ers of labor in the state of Montana, a circular attacking Senate Bill 1161 above referred to, as follows: "On June 3 a bill (Senate Bill 1161) for a new system of social security was introduced into the senate by Senators Robert F. Wag ner of New York and James E. Murray of Montana. "The New Republic (of New York) believes the measure so praiseworthy that the 'date may seem to future historians as im portant as that of a great military victory.' The Ohio Chamber of Com merce says the bill would 'sanction deficit spending, destroy individual initiative' and is a 'death thrust at American manhood.' —(Backface ours) IT IS RE PORTED TO HAVE THE BACK ING OF THE NATIONAL ADMIN ISTRATION, BOTH CIO AND AFL, AND THE SOCIAL SECURITY BOARD." The bill is bold. WHEREAS, This Assembly con demns Barclay Craighead's attempt to to antagonize employers of labor against this bill; we condemn him for his apparent unsympathetic attitude towards the workers of the state, and WHEREAS, Craighead's actions in this regard is unwarranted and un becoming a public servant paid out of the public funds of the state to ad minister the State Unemployment Compensation Act; he is using his prestige, as chairmanof the commis sion for the purpose of spreading propaganda against the best Interests of the workers of the state; it is his apparent purpose to perpetuate the life of the commission and mold it into a state bureauracy of unlimited political and economic power, people of this state cannot and must not tolerate such actions. The WHEREAS, There is a crying need for a comprehensive unified Federal System of social security. Bill 1161 fulfills this needs. It should be enacted into law. Its passage will alleviate the shadow of insecurity that follows the Senate grave; the fear of losing their jobs; the fear of becoming sick; the fear of seeing their children going hungry and without shelter because of unem ployment, sickness and the horrible fear of destitution in old age. heartily endorse this measure. Now, Therefore, Be It Resolved, That this body unqualifiedly con demns -Barclay Craighead, chairman of the Unemployment Compensation Commission of the state of Montana for distributing the circular herein referred to and for the reasons set out in this resolution. Be It Further Resolved, That copies of this resolution be mailed to the Honorable James E. Murray, Junior senator from Montana, to Robert P. Wagner, senator from New York, to Governor Sam C. Ford, Helena, to Philip Murray, president of the CIO, to William Green, president of the AFL and to each and every president of the various trades and .labor as semblies in the state of Montana. We YgLLOWSTONE TRADES & LABOR ASSEMBLY OF BILLINGS, MONT. (SEAL) Attest: R. E. MORHOUS, Secretary. By E. A. KAUTSKY, Pres. You cannot control what you do not own!