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„ SOCIETY PF MONTANA HELENA THE PEOPLE'S VOICE vieiuuicti COVRAM WtUJUWl cwmw A \mrj Wj s o A m m r H (TOIL. \Tt HELENA, MONTANA, MARCH 17, 1944 Price Five Cents Vol. V—No. 16 TRIBUTE TO ROCHDALE PIONEERS PROCLAIMED BY WISCONSIN GOVERNOR Sets Week of Mai ' — w; a ,.nnfttn Co-operative Wee Ca P lto1 bw* Llbrary x ;dom Of Co -opérative Effort Among Individuals Which Axis Would Destroy; Stresses Co-operation To Win War. MADISON, Wis. (CLNS)—Gov. Walter S. Goodland of Wis consin has set aside the week of March 20 to 25 inclusive as "Wisconsin Co-operative Week" and in a message paying trib ute to the Rochdale Pioneers urged "Wisconsin citizens to take advantage of the opportunities provided during that period to acquaint themselves with the spirit and principles as well the and hopes of co-* operation." The governor's proclamation de clared : "One hundred years ago, in the win ter of 1844-45 a group of weavers in Rochdale, England, founded a co-op erative upon variouns principles that have since been widely adopted in their entirety or in modified form by co-operative organizations in America and other democratic nations. "During the present historic period, the principles of Co-operation are be ing demonstrated to a greater extent than ever before in all fields of en deavor. We are working concertedly to win the war, whether it be through the neighborly exchange of labor to harvest crops, volunteer help at can ning factories, the general production effort of war industries or other de the most of co-operative effort be cause we have had the value of co operation woven into our pattern of life since this nation was founded. "Co-operation as an economic move ment, however, is but a century old. Since 1944 marks the centennial of the co-operative movement, the people of Wisconsin and the nation are af forded an excellent opportunity to consider the advantages of working together, to direct attention to the possibilities and problems of co-op eration, and to acclaim the freedom of co-operative effort among individ uals which the Axis nations would destroy. "Now, Therefore, I, Walter S. Good land", governor of Wisconsin, do here by designate and proclaim the week of March 20-25, inclusive, as Wiscon sin Co-operative Week and urge Wis consin citizens to acquaint themselves with the spirit and principles as well as the history and hopes of co-oper ation." M.R.C. CANCELS TUNGSTEN CONTRACTS WASHINGTON.—The War Produc tion Board has ordered Metals Re serve Company to cancel domestic "eligible producer" tungsten contracts a sof March 31, 1944. Sen. James E. Murray of Montana, chairman of the senate small business committee, and Sen. James G. Scrugham of Nevada, today issued the following joint state ment pointing out the probable ef fect- on domestic war mineral produc tion in general: "The axe has finally fallen on our tungsten industry. The War Produc tion Board, which alone is responsible for ordering cutbacks, has instructed Metals Reserve Company to cancel all domestic 'eligible producer' con tractors for the production of tung sten. We understand that for some months the stocks of tungsten have been somewhat above the stockpile aims set by the War Production Board although WPB states stocks to be less than a year's supply at wartime con sumption rates. This statement is of dubious accuracy as the stocks con siderably exceed a year's supply. The combined domestic tungsten produc tion plus imports now exceed the cur rent rate of consumption, which now is not greatly above the present do-, mestic rate of production. "We realize that cut-backs and can celations are becoming necessary as supply and demand in each case reaches safe balance and reserve stocks become adequate. But every attempt should be made to lessen the shock of cancellations and to give preferential treatment to our domestic mining industry. Only by doing so can our mines be kept open, pay taxes and furnish employment in the post war period. "There is no possible excuse for the cancellation of Metals Reserve Contracts upon the minimum 30 days' notice permitted under the agree ments entered into between the pro ducers and Metals Reserve Company. The War Production Board has been aware of the actual conditions for months. If it be said that the pro ducers knew the terms of the contract they were signing in order to obtain the $6.00 per unit bonus, it is also true they had no alternative if they were to remain in business. "Mercury contracts were cancelled abruptly as of February 1, 1944, after giving the minimum 30 days notifica tion. It is true that tungsten can celations have not been handled as (Continued on Padre Four) ELECTRICAL WORKERS UNION ISSUES GUIDE NEW YORK.—"The interests of the farmers and factory workers are very much the same," is a message in the 164-page "UE Guide to Political Ac tion," just published by the United Electrical, Radio and Machine Work ers of America, CIO, with a member ship of 600,000 workers throughout the country. The "Guide" emphasizs the import ance of farmers, factory workers, church groups, soldiers and civilians, negro people, businessmen, and other sections of the population working to gether to elect the best people to of fice in the 1944 Presidential and Con gressional elections, "The farmer ... is beginning to understand," the "Guide to Political Action" states, "that it is to his in terest to join with organized labor in movements which affect the interests of both." In discussing the some times-asked question, "Aren't politics too dirty," the book's introduction states: "Certain politicians may be too dirty. The quicker these are out of public office, the better. But there is nothing wrong with politics itself. Politics Is the science of making de mocracy work . . . Labor enters into polities on behalf of the welfare of the people. Labor does not seek to control the government or influence governmental action out of proportion to labor's own democratic strength. The cause of labor and the nation is identical." Included in the "Guide" are the names and home cities of congress men, dates of the expiration of terms of office, dates of primary elections in states through the nation, list of of fices to be filled in 1944, abbrevia tions of important governmental agen cies, names of senate and house com mittee members, dates when state legislatures meet, maps of congres sional districts in the various states, and headquarters where war veterans apply for mustering-out pay. There are more than 80 sketches, maps, charts and other illustrations. Copies of the book may be obtained for 50 cents each from the United Electrical, Radio and Machine Work ers of America, CIO, 11 East 61st street, New York 22, N. Y. OIL WORKERS WIN VICTORY IN DISPUTE A maintenance of membership clause and a provision for checkoff of union dues have been ordered by the Regional War Labor Board in a dis pute case between the Texas company of Sunburst, Montana, and the Oil Workers International Union, Local 452, CIO, Charles A. Graham, board chairman, announced today. The maintenance of membership clause provides that all employees who are members of the union in good standing on March 20, 1944 must maintain their membership as a con dition of employment, also instructed the company to deduct initiation fees and'union dues from union members who independently and voluntarily certify in writing that they authorize such deductions. Industry members of the board dis sented. Mr. Graham, in a majority opinion, pointed out that the issue of union security arose out of a request by the company for the elimination of an existing union security provision; that the maintenance of membership clause was a part of the current agreement between the parties. In regard to the checkoff issue the union contended, and a majority of the board agreed, that the checkoff was necessary because certain condi tions made the collection of dues dif ficult. A dissenting opinion by the indus try members contended that "no man should be denied the right to work and contribute to the success of the war effort simply because he may not wish to continue his membership in the union." On the checkoff Issue, the dissent ing opinion stated: "There is no con vincing evidence to indicate that con (Continued The board Page Four) STATE COUNCIL FOR POLITICAL ACTION FORMED Don Chapman Named Permanent Chairman At Sunday's Session. (Reprinted from Great Falls Tribune) A permanent nonpartisan state or ganization for the Montana Council for Progressive Political Action was completed Sunday at the Eagles hal by a group of workers, farmers, busi ness and professional men and women. Permanent officers and members of the executive committee elected in clude: Chairman, Don W. Chapman, Great Falls; vice chairman, Jerry J. O'Connell, Butte; secretary-treasurer, Ed C. Vawter, Butte; Mrs. Catherine Penny, Butte; Mrs. Charlotte Holtz, Portage; Roscoe C. Lots, Great Falls; P. J. Gilfeather, Helena, and B. I. Steinmetz, Great Falls. Described by those present as a "people's meeting,'' a representation of about 400 attended from 23 coun ties including Garfield, Daniels, Judith Basin, Sheridan, Teton, Deer Lodge, Richland, Pondera, Rosebud, Valley, Chouteau, Dawson, Lake, Custer, Ra valli, Hill, Fergus, Flathead, Gallatin, Lewis and Clark, Cascade, Silver Bow and Yellowstone. Appointment of legislative and fi nancial committees were authorized, to be announced following the meet ing of the executive committee in Helena, March 26. The call for the Sunday meeting had been sent out from the temporary organization committee set up at a meeting held here in January. Purpose of the organization, Chair man Chapman explained, is to work for election of candidates, state and county, favorable to progressive and liberal legislation. Interested in the organization, he said, are persons de siring a progressive front in the com ing elections. A council of the organization will be set up in every county of the state. ,,, , First business of the group will be) to see that voters are registered. Members are to take an active part in bringing to voters educational in formation in connection with their use of the franchise, it was explained. Details of the legislative program and outlining definite policies of the group will be completed at a state meeting June 11, following closing of (Continued Pnge Four) »■ ON THE MARGIN By BOB .0 There'll be at least one candidate for the office of state treasurer this year. George Porter who served for many years as state auditor and fi nally defeated for re-election by the present incumbent, has announced that he intends to seek election as treasurer of the state this year. Bill Pilgeram, former member of the state legislature and speaker of the house one session is said to be toying with the idea of filing for state office. My agent says he understands that he might come out for the office of treasurer or else for the board of railroad and public service commis sion. contender for any state job. He is widely known in the state through his service in the legislature and is gen erally well thought of. He would like ly have the support of the liberal groups in the state, for any office he might seek. So far, the governorship race holds the attention of most of the people. For a time, it was apparently quite generally assumed that Governor Ford would have no opposition in the pri mary election in his party. Rumors Pilgeram should be a strong are now rife that there will be active opposition. Some prominent republi cans have whispered to this chron icler that there was a possibility that Sam Goza might come out as a con testant against Ford in the primaries. Others mentioned are Toomey of Hel ena and Tom Davis of Butte. Either one of them might make an interest ing race. Toomey has served in both the Montana house of representatives and in the state senate. Tom Davis has been active in a civic club and served as international president of it and has quite a wide acquaintance in the state, pretty generally recognized that he knows his way around in the political field and is familiar with all the turns and bends in the paths. Attention is beginning to center on the office of attorney general. Har rison Freebourn of Butte is said to be preparing to make the race for that office, and Stromnes of Great Falls will more than likely be a can didate. Bottomly, the present incum bent by appointment will also make the race for election. As it Is gen erally recognized that he has done and is doing a good job in the office, he should be able to make a strong bid for election to continue in it. Keeley, president pro tem of the senate, has announced that he is a candidate for re-election to the senate from Powell county and Homer Whit more, former secretary of the Cascade County Trades and Labor assembly has already announced his candidacy for election to the state legislature from Cascade county. Other rumors reach me from time to time but many of them have only the substance of 'the thinnest of air. Maybe they'll take on more body later, and then I'll pass them on to you. As for Sam Goza, it is LABOR AND PHYSICIANS LOOK AT SOCIAL SECURITY RADIO BROADCAST OVER KFBB February 18, 1944, 8:30 P.M. By B. I. STEINMETZ President, Cascade County Trades and Labor Assembly To disagree and voice honest differ ences of opinion is traditionally Amer ican, but when an attempt is made to formulate public opinion on an im portant issue by misstatement of fact, that Is something else. An attempt has been made to in fluence you to believe that the med ical provisions of the Wagner-Murray amendments to the Social Security Act, Senate Bill 1161, would make your life and death subject to the dictates of some bureaucrat, term bureaucrat of course is a boogie man somewhat like the scarecrows we set out to scare birds away from our crops, they are perfectly harmless, unless like the crows, you can be in duced to fear them. It is not my pur pose to attempt to convince you that the Wagner-Murray Bill is a perfect instrument, however, I do insist that the fundamental principals of the bill are sound and workable. The As you know, we have at present a social security act that provides limited benefits as old age and sur vivors' insurance, but without any provision for medical care or hospital ization. This is the insurance pro vided or by the 1% deduction from your wages, the employer adds 1% of your wages as his contribution to this insurance fund, and also pays 3% of the amount of your wages to pro vide an unemployment compensation fund out of which an unemployed worker, who has worked enough to have built up an unemployment insur ance account, is entitled to a maxi mum of $15.00 a week for a maximum of 16 weeks, provided the U. S. Em ployment Service office is unable to find a job for the unemployed worker. This is not charity, but Insurance which the worker and employer pay for on the bagig Q( actual em , ent . Too frequently the opponents of so cial legislation refer to these bene fits as "doles" or "grants" in an effort to arouse the pride inherent in most of us so that we will resent being the object of this unholy char ity, therefore, I want to emphasize that social security and unemploy ment benefits are not charity, these benefits accrue to the (insured as a right under a compulsory insurance plan. Aside from the medical provisions of the Wagner-Murray amendments, the bill extends coverage to all em ployed and self-employed workers, while under the existing bill only cer tain groups are covered, would also extend the number of bene fit weeks to 26 instead of 16 as at present, and increases the minimum amount of benefit so that the smallest benefit a retired worker or his aged widow could receive would be $20.00 a month instead of $10.00 as at pres ent. For these additional benefits it is proposed that the employer pay an additional 2% of wages paid, and that the worker pay an additional 5%, making a total of 6% paid by each, the employer and the worker. It must be obvious to all then, that this bill is no "gravy-wagon" or "hand-out" to anyone, but is an honest effort on the part of its sponsors to eliminate some of our most devastating economic evils through national insurance. To admit that a doctor would work only eight hours a day under the provisions of the Wagner-Murray bill, and not be available for emergencies, would be a shameful admission, for no where in the bill is there any refer ence to the number of hours a doctor should or could work. There is, how ever, provision made for correcting the type of service your doctor fur This bill nishes if you have reason to believe you are not getting the service you are entitled to. "Hearings and Appeals" states, and I quote, "The surgeon general is hereby authorized to establish necessary and sufficient hearing and appeal bodies to hear and determine complaints from individuals entitled to benefits under this title, from practitioners who have entered into agreement for provision of services as benefits un der this title, and from participating hospitals, and to take such steps as may be appropriate and are not con trary to any other provision of this act to remedy the grounds for com plaint," it any." Unquote. This sec tion of the bill further provides for the settlement of disputes among doc tors themselves with the specification that confines the hearing body to dis interested doctors. I think you are entitled to know just how much politics will enter into whether your doctor can practice un der the bill or not. Hitler has made good use of the colossal lie in his propaganda machine, but it is unthink able to believe that the medical pro fession would knowingly lift a page from "Mein Kampf". However, here are the qualifications, and the only qualifications insofar as the Wagner Murray bill governs which doctor shall, or which doctor shall not prac tice under the bill, and I quote Sec tion 905, Paragraph 1, "Any physician qualified by a state to furnish any services included as benefits under this title shall be qualified to furnish such services as benefits under this title (except as otherwise provided in paragraph 4 of this section), in accordance with such rules and regu lations as may be prescribed". Un (Continued Section 906, under Page Fonr) THE MEDICAL ASPECTS OF SOCIAL SECURITY By Dr. W. G. RICHARDS At the close of the last war. as many of you will remember, a great desire was expressed to get back to what was called "normalcy". What normalcy was no one seemed quite to know, but it furnished a catchword which epitomized the opposition to the forward-looking policies of Presi dent Wilson, and succeeded in elect ing as president the gentleman re sponsible for the term. What the se quel was I need not remind you. There are some who voice the same sentiments now. but, whether we like it or not, the conditions at the close of this war will compel us to make many alterations in our habits and ways of living. Hospital and medical services are likely to be included in these changes, especially after 10 mil lion or more men return to civil life who have become accustomed to re ceiving these whenever needed with out charge. Until comparatively recently it did not much matter what the basis of medical practice was. for medicine had really little to offer that was worth while. The doctor made a great bluster with his bleedings, purgings, and blisterings, but these had little scientific foundation, and his prescrip tions even less. Some simple surgery was done, but this w'as mostly left to an inferior grade of doctors or even the barbers. Anything elaborate was Impossible because of a total Ig norance of sepsis and antisepsis. His affectation of knowledge, however, caused him to be called on during sickness, when the patient or his re latives were at their wits' end and these wanted to "have something done." The poor did not suffer much from their inability to employ him, for, left alone, either the natural re parative powers of the body overcame the sickness or the victim was per mitted to die in peace. But in the last century or so medi Disease was really cine developed, studied, and all the newer methods of research were utilized. From being mostly a matter of theory and spec ulation it became a science. The clin ical manifestations of disease and the changes produced by it in the organa and tissues of the body as revealed by post mortem examinations were compared, and the knowledge pained thereby utilized in the diagnosis and treatment of similar conditions. Bac teriology and entomology were studied in relation to sickness, and the causes and means of transmission of infec tious diseases elucidated. The great advances in analytical and synthetic chemistry were pressed into service, and drugs were produced which would kill basteria and other living agents of disease without also killing the pa tient. The body's own chemistry was studied and synthetic substances de vised which would supply deficiencies and correct perversions of those nor ally produced in the body and nec essary for the preservation of health. Much remains to be done. We are far from a complete knowledge of the causes and means of propagation of many diseases and without the means of successfully combatting them, am afriad, too, that we are often given credit for knowing more than we really do, a state of mind, I am sorry to say, frequently emphasized by unwise and overly enthusiastic articles in popular magazines, and leading to disappointment when we fail to relieve people's troubles. They are too apt to attribute this to the inexcusable ignorance of some partic ular practitioner, and travel from doc tor to doctor and place to place in a vain chase for an impossible cure, into the hands of the I unscrupulous In the process. But with all our deficiencies we CAN cure diseases now which we were never able to cure before, and many which we cannot cure we know how to prevent. We have no specific cure for typhoid fever, for instance, but knowing its bacterial cause and the way it is spread, it is possible by attention to the water supplies and food contamination largely tj> prevent it, and as a result typhoid is now comparatively rare, where the means of transmission of the basterial cause cannot be con trolled, preventive inoculation can still prevent the disease. So success ful is this that whereas in the Boer War 8,225 men died of typhoid against 7,582 of wounds, and in the Spanish American war there was 20,738 cases of typhoid with 1,580 deaths, and only 243 actual battle casualties, in the last world war with preventive inocu lation it was a negligible disease— 213 deaths- in all in the American army (Oxford Medicine, Oxford Uni versity Press, N. Y., vol. IV, p. 678; Osier, Principles and Practice of Med icine, 8th edition 1912, D. Appleton & Co., N. Y. pp. 2, 3). Tuberculosis, yellow fever and typhus also show how similar knowledge can reduce their Incidence. Advances in physi ology have helped us in the treatment of diabetes and pernicious anemia, neither-of which we can actually cure, but, by providing ihe lacking sub stance, can make them harmless—in sulin in the case of diabetes and liver extract in pernicious anemia, thetic chemistry, that is, the making of chemical compounds, can cure syphilis, and more recently with the sulfonllaraide drugs very much re (Contlnued on Page Three) I n addition. Syn i Now What's Going On? We have previously in The Voice demanded answers to certain questions in connection with the operations of the State Liquor. Control Board. We have made these demands because we believed that proper consideration of the public's interests, required an open, clear statement of the attitude of the board by its members. We made this demand for an open discussion of policy by the board at the time the present members of the board as sumed the duties of their office. We had hoped that the board would state to the public just what their policy would be in connection with any future dealings with the Montana Retail Liquor Dealers Association; whether this organization was go ing to be permitted to purchase through the board stores of liquor which the board itself could purchase and dispense as a service to the citizens of Montana, or if the board and the ad ministrator were, in effect going to permit the retail dealers' to gradually secure what amounts to a monopoly and compel the citizens of the state to purchase liquor from them or do without. Now we have received copies of two circular letters sent out by the Montana Licensed Retail Liquor Dealers Association to retail deafers in the state. One of these reads in part as follows: Dear Sirs: The enclosed letters are going forward to our present members, as well as non-members. We are sending them to you, so that you may be in formed just what is going on, and with no intention to try ing to induce you to affiliate with us, since we do not promise anything but an honest effort to try and acquire extra liquors wherever and whenever the opportunity pre sents itself. A few days ago we bought 20 shares of this whiskey stock and the 360 cases to be obtained on it will be distributed to members who have come into the asso ciation since the first of this year, and as of this date. We mention this in passing so that there will be no misunder jstandpng, as members only share in special purchases made after they have become members of record in this association. Regardless of whether (or) not we obtain extra whis key, we would like to have retail liquor dealer in Montana feel that the association has value in other ways. This is a serious political year, with the election to be fol lowed by our state legislature, and we shoud stand to a man fighting for our rights. Rocking Chair whiskey because of a small membership and almost lost the 15,000 cases now being delivered to our members of last year. If we ever get to be able to proclaim to the political sharpshooters that we are united, and not fighting among ourselves as our enemies want us to, we will be able to command a lot of consideration we are not getting at this time. Both of the letters are dated March 1. 1944. The dealers are advised in the first paragraph of the second letter a follows: We lost 15,000 cases of The American Distilling Company recently pro-rated 237,500 barrels of whiskey in a purchase privilege to the holders of its 250,000 shares of common stock rn-id this association is in contact with banks and brokers and share holders endeavoring to secure as much of this stock as possible, since each share of this particular stock carries a purchase privilege of 16 cases of Rocking Chair whiskey and two cases of bottled in bond whiskey. For your in formation there is an accompanying enclosure showing you what the cost of this whiskey will be including the cost of the stock, bottling charges, additional cash ad vance on the whiskey, etc. Under the heading "Table of Cost of Whiskey (including p Urc h ase 0 f stock) as of March 1, 1944", the following ap j )earg . toi Except for price quoted on common stock of the American Distilling Co., ($116.00 on the exchange of this date—par value $20.00), and marked quotation subject to change, the figures and requirements are supplied by the Trustee for the shareholders of the American Distilling Co., and the Montana Licensed Liquor Dealers Association will not be responsible for any CHANGE OF PLAN OR INACCURACY OF FIGURES, although they are substan tially correct and permanent. Each share of stock carries the privilege to purchase 16 (sixteen) cases of Rocking Chair whiskey, a blend of two, three and four year old, in fifths at 80.6 proof, and the additional privilege of purchasing two cases of full quarts, bottled-in-bond Guckenheimer or Bourbon, 100 proof, AND WILL BE PACKAGED AND DELIVERED IN INSTALLMENTS OVER A TEN MONTH PERIOD. Details of costs of Shares and whiskey then follow, with a final statement that the association is acting only as a pur chasing agent in the deal. A court action to set aside a ruling of the Montana Liquor Control Board against special orders is threatened in a post script to a form of contract accompanying the letters, which reads as follows: P. S.—While the Montana Liquor Control Board ha* ruled against special orders, a legal action is being insti tuted to settle the matter definitely, and in the event of an unfavorable court opinion, you need not have any occasion to be disturbed, as you will own the whiskey and it can be disposed of elsewhere at cost or more. However use your own individual judgment, but we are going ahead as to wait on a court decision might cost us the opportunity to acquire liquor and we must act quickly and diligently. Now may we ask the State Liquor Control Board to an swer the following questions: What is going to be the board's attitude toward this plan of the Retail Liquor Dealers Association? Why, if liquor is available for purchase by the Retail Li (Contln urd Page Four) J— NOTICE I Because of increased costs, the subscription price of The People's Voice will be advanced to $2.00 a year on i March 25, 1944. Present subscribers may renew their I subscription at the former price of $1.50 a year and sub j scriptions from new subscribers at the present rate will be I accepted until March 25, 1944. The expiration date of our club offer on subscriptions to The People's Voice, membership in the Book Find Club . and a copy of Agnes Smedley's book, "Battle Hymn of j China" has been extended until March 25, 1944.