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THE PEOPLE'S VOICE
Published weekly by The People's Voice Publishing Co. at 1205 Lockey Street, Helena, Montana Phone 26-J P. O. Box 838 H. S. BRUCE, Managing Editor Entered as Second Class Matter December 7, 1939 at the Post Office at Helena. Montana, under the Act of March 3, 1879. CO., HELENA, MONT. CO-OP PUBLISHING Subscription Price; $2.00 Year; Trial Subscription; Five Months $1.00 No Commercial Advertising except from Co-operative Business institutions accepted. Rates on application. Inconsistent When the legislative assembly refuses to pass some legis lation that has merit, on the grounds that it entails the ex penditure of some money by the state it now is only proving itself inconsistent in addition to following out its general course of reaction. There have been two instances of that kind in the last few days in the assembly. The principal argument raised against the proposed primary for the election of congressmen to fill was that a primary election might cost the state $50,000. A bill to provide funds for the construction of a tuberculosis hospital building at Galen, was defeated because it would cost $600,000 to provide this highly desirable service facility for the people of the state. But the question of econ omy in the expenditure of state funds was not raised by the people who opposed the primary and the tuberculosis sanitarium construction, when the proposal for expending $200,000 to advertise the state's tourist attractions was con sidered, and this proposal passed the assembly by a large ma jority in each house. As has been stated before in this column, it cannot be considered of major importance whether the assembly passed vacancies, same considered of major importance whether the assembly passed this advertising appropriation or not, though we question whether anyone can advance a legitimate argument for it at this time, with the problems of the post-war period facing the state. former residents of the state now in the armed services or in war industry work, to return to, is more important than to try to draw transient tourist trade for the benefit principally of hotels, tourist cabins and gasoline stations. It seems to us that all efforts should be directed toward providing growth and stability to our population. That would mean more in the long run than any horde of tourists that any advertising cam paign can attract. Industrial development of our resources is what we need to draw permanent population into our state; people who will establish homes here and in turn help to de velop the state further, providing more opportunities for work ers, business and the professions. Perhaps the primary for the election of a congressman to fill a vacancy from one of the Montana districts in congress might cost $50,000. We are no more prepared to dispute that than perhaps the ones who made the statement were pre pared to prove that it would. But we contend that even if it did cost that amount, the admittedly few occasions when an election might be called for, it would be worth that amount Certainly, the problem of providing something for to the people of the state to be able to make the choice for themselves by ballot on candidates, rather than to have candi dates hand-picked by party politicians in a party political convention. And on a direct vote by the people of the state on this issue, we are convinced that the primary proposal would have carried by a big majority. The defeat of the proposal to build a tuberculosis sani tarium was practically certain long before it became an accom plished fact. Anything that smacks of social legislation is apparently, scheduled for the legislative graveyard in this ses sion. But we do not believe that the people of the state will agree with the powers that be that it is better to spend $200, 000 for advertising the tourist attractions of the state on the theoretical assumption that the state will profit from it, than it would have been to appropriate three times that for a project to provide proper medical care for Montana citizens in need of it and to make a definite contribution to the stable wealth of the state with the incidental feature of providing a measure of employment. W allace and Jones If ability to handle funds, make loans and collect them is the only standard to be used in evaluating the qualifications for handling the loan agencies of the United States govern ment, then on the record, Wallace should be the outstanding choice of the financiers for the position. While secretary of agriculture, Wallace made loans ag gregating over one quarter of a billion dollars more than Jones has made. But what is more important, of the loans Wallace made 81 per cent have been collected while only 78 per cent of the loans Jones has made have been paid. Anyhow, we seem to remember that we heard of some bankers in the early 30's who didn't do so well. A cynic made the statement that there weren't enough of the gentry who jumped from the windows of tall buildings in 1929. Maybe he was right. Attention Teachers Our sympathy has always been with the citizens of Mon tana engaged in teaching. We know the efforts that they have made often in the face of discouraging odds to fulfill the re sponsibilities of their position in society; oftentimes working for salaries that made it impossible for them to live without worry about meeting the simple necessities of life. However, we want to discuss with them one matter of im portance, not to them as members of a particular group in society, but as members of society and their responsibilities which they cannot evade as such members. During several legislative sessions -we have observed mem bers of the teaching profession work for legislation of special interest to them and doing a splendid and necessary job, and we have supported them in their efforts without any hesitancy. They have been moderate in their demands; often perhaps, being altogether too moderate. We have no criticism to make concerning these efforts. They merit the support of all of the people of the state. The criticism we have to make—and it is made without rancor—is that we fail to find them along with other groups in their common struggle against the encroachment of special interests on the political and economic life of the state. For instance this year, to the best of our knowledge, we have heard nothing from the organized teachers' groups in support of the Missouri Valley Authority; a proposal, the opposition to which originates with the private power utility monopoly. We have failed to hear their voices raised in support of Henry Wallace's appointment to the cabinet as secretary of commerce, have heard no opposition coming from them on the "rich man's" twenty-second amendment to the United States Consti tution. As a matter of fact, we do not know how the organ ized teachers' groups stand on any of these questions, though we assume that as members of the less privileged groups of our citizenry, they should be in accord with the views of other, similar groups. We invite them to use the columns of The Voice to express their views. And we should like to see them assume leader ship in their respective communities. We If they do not favor these and other issues now before the people of the state, we welcome expressions of their reasons for not doing so, and whether they do or not, we should like to see them assume leadership in the organization of meetings or forums for the discussion of these and similar issues. We believe that by so doing, they will serve the interests of education in Montana. For information on Labor, Agriculture and Political issues subscribe to The Voice. $2.00 per year. The People's Voice, Box 838, Helena, Mont. tr FROM EDITORIAL COLUMNS 1 Funny, Ain't It? Peacetime conscription for military training will be a hot issue during this congress, and perhaps the next. The argu ments will wax eloquent on why young men should be com pelled to take a year out to learn the ropes of army and navy life. But you won't hear a word about conscripting wealth along with men, to fight the next war. The Legion tried to incorporate that little clause in its bills after the last war. It was about as popular as flees at a dog circus. If the boys who are shouting for manpower conscription would consent to con scription of property along with life, I'd be for it 100 per cent. And so would most everyone else.—Don Matchan in Valley City Times-Record. End of a Ghost Opponents of a Missouri Valley Authority have freely charged it would encroach on states' rights. The best way to find out was to discover whether TVA, the prototype of valley authorities, had offended against the states in which it oper ates. So the Post-Dispatch asked the seven Tennessee Valley Governors, the chief guardians of states' rights in that terri tory, and printed their.signed responses Sunday. Individually and collectively, their statements should lay this particular ghost forever. Cooper of Tennessee says the allegation is "an example of cloudy thinking; .... the rights of this state and its citi zens, far from having been restricted or violated .... have been enlarged .... Sparks of Alabama notes that "TVA has been careful to work with our state agencies and local com munities .... has co-operated with the state extension service . . . . worked with chambers of commerce and other local groups; .... there has been no question of a federal agency coming in and riding rough-shod . . . ." Arnall of Georgia: "There has been no encroachment on state rights; .... the only complaint I have regarding TVA is that its influence has not permeated this state further." And so, in the same gen eral tenor, it goes with the others. Are those who have so carefully nurtured the ghost re luctant to bury it? Does someone say these governors are only praising a federal Santa Claus? Then let him consider a little essential background. These governors are from the ancient citadel of states' rights, and the spirit still resides there—as witness the opposi tion of many poll-taxhating southerners to abolishing the tax act of congress. Cooper and Arnall have been especially out spoken on real federal encroachment; Cooper drafted the na tional governors' conference condemnation. So a clean bill of health from them is especially impressive. Furthermore, TVA covers only minority parts of all the seven states except Tennessee. In the six others, public utility companies, no advocates of TVA, wield great political power. If prudence were the motive, the six governors could simply have neglected to make any statements to a newspaper in St. Louis. Or they could have framed high-sounding, mean ingless messages. Instead, they indorse the valley authority idea in general and TVA in particular. Willis of Kentucky: There has been no transgression on state rights during his term and "there is no reason why TVA should not be able to operate without encroaching on states' rights." Thus Republican Is there still a "yes but? phantly on the remark of Governor Darden of Virginia, that though there has been no encroachment, it "might develop in the long run?" Well, that is a possibility; that's a possibility under any scheme of development, point—there can be no violation of states' rights so long as TVA obeys the law. The law requires TVA to seek every opportunity to do its work in co-operation with state and local agencies. The moment TVA ceased to do so, congress could pull it up short—and would. Does someone leap trium But—and here is the These same safeguards, made even stronger, are in the proposed Missouri Valley Authority legislation. So the whole plea of states' rights is left where anyone who attempts hence forward to raise it condemns himself as a deliberate drawer of the red herring. Well, the people of the Missouri valley are tired of ghosts and red herrings. The valley needs MVA, and needs it now.—St. Louis Post-Dispatch. A Wolf in Sheep's Clothing The Niewoehner contempt case is dispösed of by the supreme court of Montana. That was an extra-ordinary mat ter which involved the supreme court in the recent political campaign. Justice Leif Erickson of the court was a candidate for governor of Montana, and in order to wage a political attack against him, or in other words, "hit him below the belt," George E. Niewoehner, an attorney residing at White Sulphur It is Springs, filed a petition with the clerk of the court by which he accused Justice Erickson of being absent from his duties as supreme court justice during certain periods of time, generally believed that Niewoehner's action was prompted by others who were behind him in this political strategy to involve the court in degration and unjustly smear Justice Erickson. As a consequence, Niewoehner was cited by the majority of The part of the contempt proceedings which can not be understood is the inconsistent position assumed by Justice C. F. Morris. He has contended though the contempt proceed ings that Justice Erickson unlawfully abandoned his duties in the court when he was serving on the railroad board, and he justifies the petition of Mr. Niewoehner, but previous to that time, he remained silent. The cause of this action by Morris consequence, the court on a contempt charge, and adjudged guilty with a fine of $250 being inflicted. The true fact of the matter was, Justice Erickson was conscripted by the federal government pursuant to law to aid in the adjustment of a railroad wage dispute. The employees of the railroads were victorious in the controversy due to the action of Justice Erickson. justice Morris' Inconsistency In fact it does not appear that Morris' is any ones guess. actions in this matter were sincere, or that they constitute any thing else than a political effort to embroil the dignity of the supreme court in politics in order to ingratiate himself with the opponents of Justice Erickson—lie being aware that two years hence he may have to account for his stewardship to the voters of Montana. It is not understood by the general public why Justice Morris did not complain officially against Justice Erickson being absent at the time he was away, and file an official ob jection to it with the records of the court, which was the proper To the 29th Session of the Montana Legislative Assembly: fS m 'COST'S! v/y/A/Gj &ow£RNM£Hr COS/ M CM 1 M ?s /MU UjfMONTAN/ y^jrAXRAYE 9 Why not place the unfortunate baby back in the lap of it« parent—the ANACONDA COPPER MINING CO.? OPINIONS OF READERS Publications of communications under this heading, does not imply that The Voice agrees or disagrees with the opinions expressed. Letters sub mitted for this department should be brief and the subject matter dis cussed to some degree at least, objectively. Anonymous letters will re ceive no consideration for publication. Names will be withheld on request. Great Falls, Mont., Jan. 30, 1945 The People's Voice Helena, Montana Dear Cap Bruce, • Here is my check for one year back and one year ahead. Keep up the good work and let us have an MVA and not an MPCo. I cannot see how anyone of normal mind, can oppose the MVA. course, the governor is not speaking his own mind, but the will of the Company fro mthe 6th floor of the Hennessy building. So keep plugging. Sincerely, FRANK E. BEALL. 516 21st St. N. Cap, I just wrote (urged by my friend of Pablo) to Senator B K and James Murray objecting to draft of labor. I have been working for John R. Daily Co. in Missoula December and Janu ary. Half of us men and women could easily have done all the work. Man agement—not labor—was responsible for waste of manpower. Also I called attention to the aims of wars; prop erty, resources. Why then should not the owners of these be drafted 100% with their resources to protect their own? Hitler and Hirohito are after our people's hides, but they do wish to get hold of our resources. Who should be interested 100%? time for him to file complaint, if any he had, there and then, instead of waiting until the eve of an election. The reason is of course anybody's guess. Justice Morris charged that "we (the court) should be the guardians of the liberties of the indiivdual, not their des troyers." Mr. Morris is an ex-banker, and the said bank "went bust." If he is sincere in the beliefs he voiced in the Niewoeh ner contempt case, many citizens would like to have him ex plain why is it impossible to secure his concurrence in any other matter before the court against a corporation, banking interest, chain store monopoly, railroad, or any other predatory interest. Let Mr. Morris explain his record in those kind of cases when he again requests the public to re-elect him as associate justice of the supreme court.—Kinman in Montana Labor News. The Labor Draft Anti-labor forces have long been pushing "draft-labor" legislation. Pending labor draft bills are a result of their pressure. We are convinced that there is no real manpower short age; there is only misuse and disuse of manpower. The myth of the need for a labor draft was created to mask legislation designed to destroy trade unions, to labor's all-out war contribution. smear Here are some reasons why apparent labor shortages exist: (1) Refusal to employ negroes and women, and refusal to up grade them to skilled jobs. (2) refusal to plan for the use of manpower disemployed by cutbacks. (3) Labor hoarding, (4) Exaggerated estimates by government agencies of man power needs. (5) Exaggerated estimates by employers. (6) Failure of government agencies to penalize employers who call for additional workers when they are already laying off workers. (7) Failure of employers to accede to union requests that an extra shift be added or an extra work hour. (8) Fail ure to institute in-plant training programs. (9) Substandard wages in textile plants, foundries, etc. The Free Labor Committee of the WDL, in a statement released by its co-chairmen, Samuel B. Eubanks, executive vice president, American Newspaper Guild, CIO, and Sal B. Hoff mann, president, Upholsterers' International Union, AFL, pointed out: "Free labor has achieved the incredible feat of doubling American production in four years. Now Administration and Army call loudly for a labor draft. "If the Administration is alarmed because some drift away from munition factories, then White House and Congress must convinc eall war workers that they will have wages when the fighting stops, ployment program that will permit workers to stay on their war jobs with some assurance that they will not be on bread lines the moment the fighting stops." Wirte or write to your two Senators and your Representa tive, stating your conviction that free labor will produce more than slave labor. Reactionary groups are also pushing a peacetime military conscription bill. R. J. Thomas, president of the United Auto Workers, CIO, wdsely points out, "Let us first wait and see what type of world organization will emerge from this war. If such an organi zation promises to insure peace, there will certainly be no reason for forcing our youth in peace-time to submit to mili tary service."—Workers Defense Bulletin. "We call for the prompt adoption of a post-war full em If American capitalism only allots labor a scant living, why should labor be interested. Hitler or any other owner of resources would have to do that much for labor or his resources would be of no value to him. Re sponsibility and duty goes hand in hand with privilege.— P. R. IS THE BIGGEST GRAB OF ALL IN THE OFFING? The state of Montana lost millions of dollars in the manipulated classi fication of mineral land under the N. P. Ry. land grant, one third of the wealth of the Mississippi river was switched into fewer hands and the nation as a whole lost billions of dol lars in industrial shutdowns account of the Wall Street panic of 1933, both manipulated and planned raids on the public domain, were, they were but picayune affairs Monstrous as they compared to what may happen in the post-war reconstruction period to come. To dispose of $130,000,000,000 war plants, to find sixty million post-war jobs and take care of returning serv ice men and women is a job which has congress at its wits ends, and here is where Mr. Wallace comes into the picture. An Issue at Stake President Roosevelt and Wallace have a program of seven TVAs and sixty million post-war jobs, that is what a powerful coalition in congress is opposed to, not Wallace, the man. After passing the "George bill" and stripping the Commerce department of its lending power, congress will likely confirm Wallace as secretary of Commerce which automatically would kill the program. Two sets of plans will eventually crystallize in congress; The Roosevelt sixty million jobs and full-time em ployment and the opposition's "pri vate enterprise and individual initia tive with no government interference." The issue is so sharp, the stakes so collosal that the man Wallace is but a side-show to the issue involved. That is why the post-war peace is going to be more complicated than the ending of the war. There is a possibility the post-war adjustments here will be more complicated than in Europe or Asia. The war profiteers made millions out of this war, they will be satisfied with nothing less than billions in the post-war readjustment, the more they (Continued Pagre Pour) n RESOLUTIONS J ». Whereas, Montana has lost nearly 20% of its population in the last 15 years, mostly because of its lack of industrial development, and Whereas, This lack of industry is largely due to the high cost of elec tric energy which has a marked in fluence on the location of manufac turing plants, and Whereas, Increased industrial de velopment in Montana will attract many families from other sections, which will in turn, stimulate the de mand for agricultural products, at bet ter net prices to producers. Now therefore be it resolved, That we the members of the Buffalo Rapids Farmers Union Local No. 317 in regu lar session this 1st day of February 1945, demand the defeat of the pro posed joint memorial to the U. S. Con gress opposing the enactment of the Missouri Valley Authority. Committee on Resolutions, H. E. DICKEY, Chairman. South Valley County Farmers Edu cational and Co-operative Union of America, Resolution: Whereas, It would seem an act of wisdom and expediency for the three county districts for the election of commissioner to each elect its own commissioner, and Whereas, In past elections it has resulted in dissatisfaction and ineffi ciency in following the present system of an entire county electing a com missioner from any district, Therefore, be it resolved by the South Valley County Farmers Union, assembled in convention this 16th day of 1944, that mend that the State Legislature pass the needed legislation to remedy this situation. Signed; MARIE EATON JOHN AMESTOY CHRIS MOLVIG. St. Ignatius, Mont., Jan. 4, 1945 Mr. Don Chapman, President, Montana Division Farmers Educational and Co-operative Union of America, Great Falls, Montana Dear Mr. Chapman; There is forwarded herewith for your information, copy of resolution adopted by the Lake County Farmers Co-operative, Educational and Legis lative Union of America, pertaining to the deplorable conditions at the State Hospital for the Insane at Warm Springs, Montana. This resolution was sent to Repre sentative Atkinson, Representative McDaniel, Senator Wallace and Gov ernor Ford, with a request that they give this resolution their serious con sideration and support. Yours very truly, MRS. ISAAC ROGNRUD, Lake County Secretary. The Lake County convention of the Farmers Educational and Co-operative Union of America, at its meeting on December 16, 1944, adopted the fol lowing resolution: Whereas, it has come to our atten tion that the conditions of the in mates of the State Hospital for the Insane at Warm Springs is deplorable, and the treatment of these unfortun ate people a disgrace to the state, We believe that this condition is not due to the management or em ployees of the institution, but is di rectly chargeable to that type of law maker who places money above hu man welfare. Therefofe, we demand a thorough investigation of the State Hospital for the Insane at Warm Springs by the Montana Legislative Assembly of 1945; we further demand that ade quate appropriation be made to pro vide more medical care, better food and better housing at this institu tion. ALICE SELL, Legislative Chairman MARY ROGNRUD, Lake County Secy. The Lake County convention of the Farmers Educational and Co-operative Union of America at its meeting on December 16, 1944, adopted the follow ing resolution; Whereas, The immense water re sources of Montana are not being de veloped for the greatest benefit to the people of the state, and therefore the industrial development of Mon tana is being retarded, we wish to go on record as favoring Missouri and Columbia basin authorities. A co-or dinate plan of regional development embracing all possible features of utilization of waters for the benefit of all people living within the region and the nation, can be attained only by establishing a centralized author ity. We therefore recommend that the Montana legislative assembly of 1945 adopt and forward to the United States congress a joint memorial urg ing the creation of a Missouri Valley Authority. ALICE SELL, Legislative Chairman MARY ROGNRUD, Lake County Secy. Copies of this resolution were sent to Governor Ford, Senator Wheeler, Senator Murray, and Representative Mansfield requesting that they give this resolution their serious consider ation and support.