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ON PURCHASES OF TRUCKS Warning that prospective purchas of trucks should make certain they can meet Office of Defense Transportation requirements for their operation before the sale is completed, was given today by District Manager Fred A. Noble, Butte. To obtain a Certificate of War Nec essity for the operation of a truck, It must be shown that its operation is to the war effort or the ers necessary maintenance of civilian economy, and that present service is inadequate. No gasoline allotments will be made for a truck until the Certificate of War Necessity is issued by the ODT, for many purchasers of vehicles with in recent months have been left with out the permission to operate. The critical shotrages of trucks, tires, repair parts, gasoline, and man had made it necessary that the power restrictions be placed upon new expanded operations, officials said. The increased tempo of the war effort has lead to shortages of vital transportation facilities, and the ODT advises that before a truck is pur chased it first be determined whether permission can be obtained for its operation. or HOW THEY VOTE We publish below, the vote on three measures of importance to the com mon people of the state. House Bill No. 29, provided for the discontinuance of the Montana State Normal College at Dillon as a normal school, and other bills following it in of passage would have made use a Those voting "No" voted for case of the facilities there for use as home for the aged, many of whom are being kept at the Hospital for now the Insane at Warm Springs, and only nominal use is now being made of the plant at Dillon for educational The bill was Introduced by purposes. Toole of Toole and others and merited real consideration. The committee re ported it unfavorably and some par liamentary moves finally brought a roll call on a motion for "indefinite postponement" of further considera tion. real consideration of the needs of the aged; those voting "yes" opposed this consideration: Those voting "No" were: Anderson, Antrim, Banka, Barnard, Bovey, Cole, Dougherty, Duncan, Graybill, Greenan, Gunderson, Hall, Harken, Harlow, Healy, Helding, Holliday, James, Mc Cleery, McGreevey, Marty, Minnick, Nelson, Parker of Wibaux, Parker of Cascade, Rasmussen, Toole, and Udin. Noes 28. Those voting "Aye" were: Anson, Atkinson, Baldwin, Ballard, Blenkner, Blewett, Bricker, Brumbaugh, Busch, Chaffin, Christy, Cormack, Dallas, Dunn, Esp, Evans, Eynon, Fallan, Foot, Gebhardt, Goffena, Harrison, Hazelbaker, Higgins, Howard, Hughes, Hunter, Kemmis, Kimpel, Krall, Krieg, Lehpkind, Loughran, Lowe, McDaniel, Martin, Mayo, Moen, O'Connell, Oliv er, Padbury, Page, Parker of Flathead, Patterson, Phillips, Pierce, Scofield, Settle, Simpson, Taber, Taylor, Tei gen, Thomas, Tierney, Williams, Wil son, Mr. Speaker. Total Ayes 57. Those absent were: Armstrong, Dahl, Korrigan, Little, and Stout. H. B. 72 This bill provided for increases in compensation for injuries sustained by workers and substantial increases in compensation in cases of injuries fusing death. An "Aye" vote is a vote for the protection of the interests of workers; a "No" vote is against such fair protection: Those voting "Aye" were: Antrim, Banka, Barnard, Bovey, Cole, Dahl, Duncan, Fallan, Graybill, Greenan, Gunderson, Hall, Harken, Harlow, Healy, James, McGreevey, Marty, Mayo, Nelson, O'Connell, Parker of Wibaux, Parker of Cascade, Patter son, Rasmussen, Thomas, Tierney, Toole, and Udin. Total Ayes 29. Those voting "No" were: Anderson, Anson, Armstrong, Atkinson, Baldwin, Ballard, Blenkner, Blewett, Bricker, Brumbaugh, Busch, Christy, Dallas, Dougherty, Dunn, Esp, Evans, Eynon, Foot, Gebhardt, Harrison, Hazelbaker, Higgins, Holliday, Horrigan, Howard, Hughes, Hunter, Kemmis, Kimpel, Krall, Krieg, Lehrkind, Little, Lough ran, Lowe, McDaniel, Martin, Min nick, Moen,. Oliver, Padbury, Page, Parker of Flathead, Phillips, Pierce, Scofield, Settle, Simpson, Stout, Ta ber, Teigen, Williams, Wilson, and Mr. Speaker. Total Noes 56. Those absent were: Chaffin, Cor mack, Goffena, Helding, McCleery. H. B. 210 This bill, introduced by Parker of Cascade would have made it an of fense for special interests to lobby in conference committee meetings and an abstract of testimony of such wit nesses as such committees might in vite. required in the report'bf the com mittees. An "Aye" vote is right: Those voting "Aye" were: Antrim, Banka, Barnard, Cole, Dahl, Duncan, Gofena, Graybill, Gunderson, Harken, Harlow, Healy, Helding, Holliday, James, McCleery, McGreevey, Marty, Nelson, Parker of Cascade, Patterson, Too'e and Udin. Total Ayes 23. Those voting "No" were; Anderson, Anson, Armstrong, Atkinson, Baldwin, Ballard, Bricker, Blenkner, Blewett, Busch, Chaffin, Dougherty, Dunn, Esp, Evans, Eynon, Bovey, Dallas, Falan, Foot, Gebhardt, Greenan, Hall, Harrison, Hazelbaker, Horrigan, How ard, Hughes, Hunter, Kemmis, Kimpel, Krall, Krieg, Lehrkind, Little, Lough Martin, Mayo, Padbury, ran, Lowe, McDaniel, Moen, O'Connell, Oliver, Page, Parker of Flathead, Phillips, Pierce, Scofield, Settle, Stout, Taber, Teigen, Thomas, Tier ney, Williams, Total Noes 59. Simpson, Wilson, Mr. Speaker. Those absent were; Chritsy, Cormack, Higgins, Minnick/ Parker of Wibaux, Rasmussen, and Brumbaugh, NTEA PLANNING TO INVADE SCHOOLS Pamphlets are being prepared by NTEA to be distributed in the public schools, according to a story in Ad vertising Age, a trade publication. Last year, NTEA approached officials of the New York City public schools —which are the largest in the United States—and asked if they could dis tribute materials to teachers. At that time, they were flatly refused. Evidently, after canvassing the field NTEA is now convinced that they can get in to some schools with bulletins and lesson plans for pupils, each local school board determines what shall be taught in its schools, It is likely that some misinformed boards will sanction the use of NTEA propaganda. Recent surveys show that very few schools are now teaching about co operatives. Wisconsin is an outstand ing exception, for in that state, the law requires instruction on co-opera tion in all secondary and teacher training schools. Since Chief Justice (Continued from Pniço One) operation, now particularly essential during the war. He said; "Although its hearings are held in Chicago, it is not a distant thing; every case affects Montana, its three transcontinental lines, and its other railroads and branches, its thousands of Montana railroad men and their families, its many cities, towns and counties through which the railroads go." Justice Johnson related the insist ent, futile and in the opinion of many, somewhat questionable attempts of Niewohner to work himself into the attorney general's office after Attor ney General Bonner's entry into the Army. While Johnson did not raise the question in his radio talk, in view of the fact that Niewohner is appar ently young, many wonder why he is not in the armed services instead of performing the services of somewhat dubious value that he is presumably performing for the Industrial Accident Board. In closing, Chief Justice Johnson,* we believe expressed the views of the majority of thinking people in the state when he said: "I, for one, know that public office is not important enough to me per sonally to subject myself and my fam ily to such misrepresentations and slanders. I know, also, that if only protection against such things is to be gained by subservience to the slanderer and those who aid, abet and use him, I will give up public life without a qualm, "It is not of great importance to you whether I or any other certain person holds public office. Popular govern ment is not so nearly bankrupt as that. But it is important to every one of you whether a poison peddler with free access to mediums of publicity can drive independent and self-re specting officials from public life; if he can do it, you will have no officers but those so thick-skinned or servile that public office is more important to them than self-respect, and popular government will have committed sui cide. Then, indeed, you will have gov ernment by minority and dissent, by Mr. Niewohner's 7/100 of 1%, and by irresponsible slander, are to fall for that, may God help them and the republic." If the people The Court Packinsf n (Continued from Pajçe One) purpose is to accomplish the selection of the "most honorable" persons to be The proposed law rambles on: "No judge of any court of record in the state of Montana, appointed or retained in office in the manner pre scribed herein, shall directly or indi rectly make any contribution to, or hold any office in, a political party, or organization, or take part in any po litical campaign." The ignorant clerk, author of this text, would thus disfranchise all judges—the important act in every po litical campaign is that of casting the ballot. This Hitler hallucination proceeds: "At the end of the term for which he is ELECTED, (the clerk must have meant APPOINTED), the justice of the supreme court and district judge shall go before the electors upon his record WITH NO OPPOSING CANDI DATE, the electors voting upon the question. "Shall Judge (naming him) be retained in the office of (naming 11 he proper judicial office)." Some Other Jokes in the Dream The voters may not even write in another name. No one would be quali fied for appointment by the commis sion unless in active practice of law for 10 years before appointment. This would exclude from reappointment every present justice or judge in the state. The clerk writing this evidently for got that Justice Morris and Judge Berg must, under all circumstances, be continued in office. A bait is put on the hook to catch votes and quiet the judges themselves. It would raise the pay to $10,000,00 for supreme bench, $6,000.00 for dis trict bench. Every body agrees that the pay for judges is not nearly enough, but the legislature can raise that for future incumbents without constitutional amendment. The nightmare would force retire ment on half pay at 75 years. This would soon eliminate one good judge in Silver Bow and one in Cascade. In proposing this phase of Fascism for Montana, these political gangsters are drunk with power. Having lately, with above $150,000.00 re-elected Ford as governor, through the aid of the gamblers and other useless elements, and by false propaganda that fooled women when 90,000 men have recent ly left the state, they think that they can subvert popular government in this state. In fact, at a banquet given Taylor. (Editor's Note: Roll call on House Joint Memorial No. 1 will be in next week's issue.) Bills Introduced— (Continued from Page Three) ing See. 1 of Chap. 171, Laws of 1941, relating to sale of unredeemed tax title property by county commission ers, etc. 101. Stromnes.—Relating to corpora tion license tax matters, etc. and au thorizing st. bd. of equalization to order refunds of taxes erroneously paid. 102. Committee on military affairs —Amending Sec. 1, chapter 79, S. L. 1941, providing for the construction and furnishing of a building as an adjunct to the state capital to be known as the "Montana Veterans and Pioneers Memorial building", etc. 103. Hollingsworth—Amending Sec. 0014.81 RCM, 1935, relating to the fees charged by the state examiner for examinations of irrigation districts. Amending 2841 RCM, 1935 as amended by Chap. 119 S. L. 1939 and as amended by Chap. 135 of the S. L. 1941, Re: Workmen's Compensation. 105. Agriculture—Providing for con trol of public and other water supplies used by cities, and amending sections 2041 and 1049 RCM, 1935. 100. Toman, Carrington—Amending Section 1789, RCM, 1935, relating to the employment of office and field men by the highway com. 107. Mulholland—Requiring munici pal and privately owned water utility companies to install pipe lines from the mains, 108. Wallace — Amending Sec. 5148 RCM, 1935, Re: Fire protection and 104. Mulholland establishment of fire districts and pro viding for the disorganization of such fire districts. 109. Haight,— Amending Sec. 0932, RCM, 1935, relating to validation of records erroneouslly executed or acknowledged, and amending section 0933 RCM, 1935. 110. Haight — Amending Sec. 0778, RCM, 1935, relating to partition fences and defining the duties of owners in building and maintaining partition fences, etc. \ 111. Cotton, et al — Amending Sec. 3ä74 and 3379, RCM, 1935, relating to liability of owners for trespassing live stock, etc. 112. Ross — Amending 4830 RCM, 1935, relating to duties of county sur veyors, etc., excepting counties with a total registered vote of (15,000) or over at the last general election. 113. Leo—Determination of inherit ance taxes by the state board of equal ization. SJM 2. Hageman, et al —Construct of highway along shore line of Fort Peck Lake. SJM 3. Lynch — place of prominence, SJM 4. Comm, on military affairs— Memorializing the congress of the U. S. to preserve the National Guard as a component of the army in the post war organization. SJM 5. Hollingsworth—Memorial to the fish and wildlife service, Chicago. SJM 6. Fewkes—Memorializing the congress to enact SJR 8. SJM 7. Public lands—A joint mem orial amending the first paragraph of section 11, Act of congress approved February 22, 1899. SJM 8. Fewkes, et al — Requesting opposition to the proposed treaty be tween the U. S. to Mexico Re: water of the Rio Grande. IN THE HOUSE 153. McGreevey and Thomas—Motor vehicles, licenses. 154. Education—St. common school equalization fund and distribution thereof. 155. Barnard—Creation of herd dis tricts and changing size of same. 156. Ways and means — Support of Mont, govt for years 1945 and 1946. 157. Loughran, Ballard, Christy, Healy, Tierney, O'Connell, Blewett, Fort Benton as Evans—Motor vehicles, licenses. 158. Fish and game — Open, closed season for fur-bearing animals. 159. Fish and game—Records kept by fur dealers. 160. Fish and game—Increase in li cense fees for fur dealers. 161. Kemmis and Graybill—Compen sation of jurors in courts not of rec ord, and at coroner's inquest. 162. Marty, Greenan and Bovey — Approp. of $15,000 for erection of Lewis and Clark memorial at Fort Benton. 163. Hunter and Bovey—U.S. grants for promotion of public health and health departments. Opinions of— (Continued from Page Two) make the more they want to make, that is human nature. That is why post-war problems hovers like dark shadows over the land and make peo ple dread the future. The subsidized press will insist that the Roosevelt plan leads to socialism and communism while the other is a hundred per cent American plan and the general public won't know what its all about until we are in another nation-wide depression when it will be too late to do anything about it. Un der the present setup the next de pression is as sure to follow as night follows day. against Wallace proves the powers-in the saddle are not going to be coerced into any altruistic schemes regardless of consequences. The determined fight A. E. ANDERSON. Butte, Mont., Fb. 5, 1945 Judge Lynch lately, the local head of the Anaconda said he was opposed to government by the people, knew it before the confession—in fact for 30 years his company has favored government by a corrupting lobby.) The federal courts refused to allow the (Many lect tribute from every rancher using water from the Missouri and all its tributaries, including the Yellowstone. That question is still open to the courts of this state, plan far ahead. Missouri Valley Authority from viving this dying state, then the judiciary from chief justice down, then tax every water user of the Mis souri watershed what the traffic will bear. One hop, one skip, and one jump! They have it all. *• These chaps First prevent the .* re name *. CIVIL SERVICE WANTS STENOS AND TYPISTS Applications for the positions of Stenographer and Typist for employ ment in various federal government agencies in the states of Idaho, Mon tana, Oregon, and Washington, are being sought by the Civil Service Com mission. The salaries for stenographer are $1752 to $1970 a year and typist $1560 to $1752 a year overtime compensa tion. Complete information and forms for applying may be obtained from any first- or second-class post offices. Ap plications will be accepted until the needs of the service have been met. Applications are not desired from persons engaged on war work unless the position applied for requires the use of higher skills than the worker is using in his present employment. A Certificate of Availability from former employer or from the Ü. S. Employment Service may be required before appointment. Legislature— r (C Ifinucd from Pajçe One) It was revived in the house labor. on motion of Greenan of Cascade who has a large labor vote in his county, but who has been overheard by a re sponsible member, telling one of his colleagues that "labor and the farmers have absolutely nothing in common". This same gentleman from Cascade, took the floor against HB 210 which proposed to end lobbying by the spe cial interests or anyone, with confer ence committees. Greenan in his op position to this, assumed the role of mentor of the membership Including lawyers of far more experience than he has, in stating that the present rules malde adequate provision for such circumstances. He has also been noted in quite close conference with the corporation lobby. Cascade labor would do well to "jack him up". The bill providing for doing away with the election by the people of judges and placing their selection in the hands of special interests has not, as yet been brought in by the com mittee. Nor has the bill placing the state land department completely un der control of practically the same interests, been brought in. Appropriation measures are now beginning to be brought in, and the coming week should tell the story of what is to happen to our custodial and educational institutions. Sî äSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSS2SSS2SSSSS8SSS2SSSSS2S2SSSS82SSS2f« 50 Million Dollars to Fight the Co-ops Is what the National Tax Equality Association, claims their 1,000,000 members have contributed for that purpose. No doubt this money is added to operating expense, the same as the millions they spend for advertising, thus avoid ing payment of FEDERAL INCOME TAX on this vast sum which is more than 10 times the amount of the savings that are made by all of the Co-operatives in the nation. This greedy group of monopolistic speculators and dis tributors of the necessities of life, fear the superior effi ciency of the Co-operatives as they fear other peoples' movements that has already proved itself a MILE-STONE IN THE MARCH OF HUMAN PROGRESS. *. . : . : •: This space provided by the following Co-operatives: FARMERS UNION ELEVATOR COMPANY FARMERS UNION MERCANTILE COMPANY of Dodson, Montana of Belt, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY FARMERS UNION ELEVATOR COMPANY of Glendive, Montana of Valier, Montana FARMERS UNION TRADING COMPANY FARMERS UNION ELEVATOR COMPANY of Falrview, Montana of Chinook, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY FARMERS UNION GRAIN COMPANY of Plentywood, Montana of Peerless, Montana THE FARMERS UNION FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY in Froid, Montana of Wolf Point, Montana FARMERS UNION ELEVATOR AND OIL CO, FARMERS UNION ELEVATOR COMPANY of Pendroy, Montana of Rudyard, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Joplin, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Opheim, Montana FARMERS UNION CO-OP OIL COMPANY of Richey, Montana FARMERS UNION ELEVATOR COMPANY FARMERS UNION ELEVATOR COMPANY of Hinsdale, Montana of Joplin, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Havre, Montana of Circle, Montana EQUITY CO-OPERATIVE ASSOCIATION FARMERS UNION TRADING COMPANY of Geraldine, Montana of Butte, Montana FARMERS UNION TRADING COMPANY FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Richey, Montana of Flaxville, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY THE FARMERS CO-OP OIL & SUPPLY CO. of Great Fails, Montana of Conrad, Montana EQUITY CO-OPERATIVE ASSOCIATION FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Brady, Montana of Geyser, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL & SUPER SERVICE STATION FARMERS UNION SUPER SERVICE of Glasgow, Montana of Chinook, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Williston, North Dakota FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Peerless, Montana EQUITY CO-OPERATIVE ASSN. OF HARLEM POWER FARMERS ELEVATOR COMPANY Branch Stations in Hogeland and Turner, Montana of Power, Montana FARMERS UNION GRAIN COMPANY FARMERS UNION LIVE STOCK COMMISSION CO. of Poplar, Montana Union Stock Yards South St. Paul, Minn. Billings, Montana EDUCATIONAL CO-OPERATIVE PUBLISHING CO. Chas. D. Egley, Manager of Helena, Montana FARMERS UNION CO-OP CREAMERY FARMERS GRAIN EXCHANGE Chinook, Montana Havre, Montana REVENUE BUREAU OFFERS ASSISTANCE Lewis Penwell. collector of internal revenue, announced today that a crew of deputy collectors will be assigned to all the internal revenue zone of fices from February 19 to March 15, inclusive, for the purpose of assisting the taxpaying public in the prepara tion of their federal income tax re turns. No charge is made for this service. Internal revenue zone offices are located in the following cities: Anaconda. Billings, Bozeman, Butte, Cut Bank, Glasgow, Glendive, Great Falls. Havre, Kaiispeii, Livingston, Lewistown, Miles City and Missoula. Due to the additional burden of woiUc placed upon the field force this year, Mr. Penwell stated that it will be impossible to assign deputies to any points other than the internal revenue zone offices mentioned above, during the current income tax filing period. impossible to avail themselves of this service are invited to write or phone their questions to the collector's of fice in Helena, Montana. Any taxpayers who find it On the Margin— (Continued from Pajçe One) other speeches favoring the memorial were bad enough, being composed mostly of misstatements of facts which is a mild description. But Mr. Parker seemed to want to get down to cases and told of the horrendous proposals of the Army Engineers to raise the level of the Flathead lake year before last and declared in substance that they must not let such agencies as the Army Engineers have anything to do with development of the water re sources of the Missouri valley. And he meant to be talking in favor of the memorial which specifies that the de velopment should be placed in charge of the Army Engineers together with the Reclamation Bureau, guess even this kind of talk pleases the Montana Power Company, and most of the republican majority seem to be afflicted with muddled thinking so it probably meets with their favor also. It reminds me of the old say ing: "They're just as happy as if they had good sense." Well, I Item No. 3 This is one of those things I can't prove and is opinion only. Some of the boys who are most willing tools of the corporations, sometimes astound the liberal and independent members by voting with them on some particu Missouri Valley Authority (MVA)— (Continued from Page One) Would the boys who left and never came back to the wilds of Powder River, rather have their names painted on the old board Court House at Broadus, or be memorialized by 500 lush, green irrigated farms along the present sage covered valley of their famous stream. Do Garfield county's sons prefer to • leave some kind of an inscription, or to know that kinfolk and friends will soon be living in electrified homes and doing home drudgery through magic of hydroelectric power. Perhaps the ex-forestry student from the University of Montana would prefer a spread of green timbered lands and energetic furtherance of the life work they selected. Engi neers and technicians from the state college may attack greater worth to storage dams and life giving waters these conserve. Four-H farmer sons may think phosphate development and doubled land fertility is a better monument of remembrance. A lot of boys who can never return to the better hunting and fishing they craved may be glad to leave that as a legacy to their buddies and growing sons. A comprehensive unified development program contains betterment for everybody. On such a foundation there can be that better world for which young heroes fought and died. Without such attainments, on our part, they have died in vain. World War II is the largest, most engulfing and brutal conflict in all history.. A complete MVA development will be the largest, most comprehensive and inspiring peacetime project in all history. It will be a long step forward,, toward that Democracy for which the Allies fight. . A complete MVA project should be authorized and built. Perhaps it should be dedicated, as a memorial to all Missouri Valley boys and girls who sacrifice, beyond measure to make a better and more democratic world. I do not know for sure. What do you think? lar measure which is opposed by substantial majority; this opposition clearly "having it in the bag". It seems reasonable to me that one of these corporation bottle-holders should be permitted by the big boys to put an occasional patch on his rec ord so that he can go back to the boys at home and point with pride to his record of having voted for such and-such liberal measures; how he proved himself a defender of the "peepuls rights", much easier it will be for him to be re-elected next time so he can come to the legislature again s p the porations will have him there "in a pinch". This is all the space I've been allotted this time. And think how cor DEMAND THE UNION LABEL! Patronize the Co-operative in your community—it is there to serve you! RATIONING REMINDERS MEATS, FATS—Red stamps Q5, R5, S5 expires March 31; T5, U5, V5, W5, and X5 expire April 28; Y5, Z5. and A2, B2, C2, D2 expire June 2. PROCESSED FOODS — Blue stamps X5, Y5, Z5, and A2, B2 expire March 31; S2, D2, E2, F2, and G2 expire April 28; H2, J2, K2, L2, and M2 expire June 2. SUGAR—Stamp 34 expires Feb. 28; Stamp 35 expires June 2. GASOLINE — AT4 coupons good for four gallons beginning Dec. 22. FUEL OIL—East, periods 4 become good Feb. 5; midwest, periods 4 and 5 become good Feb. 6; far west, period 4 become good Feb. 5; south * periods 4 and 5 become good Jan. 29. SHOES—Airplane stamps 1, 2, and 3 in book three, good indefinitely. a You cannot control what you do not own!