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The people's voice. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1939-1969, February 01, 1946, Image 2

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Published weekly by The People's Voice Publishing Co.
at 1205 Lockey Street, Helena, Montana
Phone 26-J
P. O. Box 838
H. S. BRUCE, Managing Editor
Entered as Second Class Matter December 7. 1939 at the Post Office at
Helena. Montana, under the Act of March 3, 1879.
Subscription Price: $2.00 Year; Trial Subscription: Five Months $1.00
No Commercial Advertising except from Co-operative Business
Institutions accepted. Rates on application.
Recently Senator Wheeler and Governor Ford were speak
ers on the same platform in Billings, emphasizing the close po
litical relationship of these two; both of them constantly en
gaged in demagogic appeals to certain groups in the state.
At this particular meeting, according to a report from one
who attended the gathering, Senator Wheeler indulged in his
usual line of demagogism ; damning the bureaucrats, etc., etc.,
He is not to have made statement
in regard to any efforts made by him to counteract any of the
acts of the "bureaucrats" which he denounced. Nor was he
any more specific in stating in detail just what particular acts
of the bureaucrats he objected to. He is obviously intent on
making a "scare" word out of the term by which the direct
ing heads of government agencies are familiarly known.
Every government bureau and department is a creation
of an act of congress. If the senator sees so many of them as
useless and deleterious to the public interest, it seems reason
able to wonder why he makes no direct effort in the congress
to end their activities by proposing repeal of the law creating
them. Then, of course, he would have to specifically name
them and draw down on his head the enmity of all of those
employed in those agencies, and cause himself a loss of votes.
Perish the thought! It is much better from the senator's stand
point to rant and rave against them without naming any spe
cific ones; appealing to prejudices of his listeners in general
terms of damning all bureaus, letting the listeners choose their
Then we have our "saintly" governor who has been beating
his chest and orating all over the Northwest about "state
rights" and painting peril of their violation by federal govern
ment bureaus, but at this same meeting, he spoke feelingly of
promises made of federal assistance to small business from a
federal bureau. How can the governor imply that any Mon
tana businessman would be interested in getting any moneys
tainted by the federal government?
The governor's consistency can only be matched by the
demagoguery of his side-kick, Senator Wheeler.
The Housimr Situation
When the United States government embarked on its tre
mendous war production program, great masses of people left
their homes and moved to the centers of production. Some
how, housing facilities were made available. Great air fields
were built all over the country necessitating employment by
the government of thousands upon thousands of people. In
areas adjacent to these fields, these people managed to find
housing. Perhaps the facilities they found did not meet every
desire for comfort, but some kind of housing was found. Where
it was not available, it was provided in some way by the fed
eral government.
Now we hear a lot of talk about providing housing, but|g
mostly it ends up with just talk. Where is the bold spirit in
government that solved that and other perplexing problems
associated with production in the war days? Now we find
the profiteering building industry interested in producing only
houses costing $10,000 or more to meet the demands of the
higher income groups, and the federal authorities floundering
around whispering "pretty please won't you please build some
houses for the lower income groups" to the contractors. And
the federal government as well as the contractors conveniently
forget that the returning, discharged veterans constitute per
haps the major portion, numerically, in these low-income
When some hundreds of thousands or some millions of citi
zens cannot find houses and homes, isn't it time for the federal
government to exercise its authority and make provisions to
meet the problem. Why cannot abandoned army camp facili
ties be used where no others are available. Why cannot these
buildings on many of the former camp grounds and on air
fields be sold to those in need at prices sufficiently low to
make it possible for these low-income purchasers to make such
necessary changes in them so as to make them comfortable
places in which to live?
Meanwhile, running true to form, the congress is "sitting on
the lid" of the Wagner-Ellender-Taft general housing bill,
which provides methods of sound financing in the sale of homes
to lower-income groups and at least establishes a definite na-l
tional policy for an immediate and long-time housing program.
A demand has been made upon President Truman by 33
national organizations that he clarify his position promptly
on the proposals in the bill mentioned above, for the establish
ment of a permanent national housing agency.
The 'Straw Vote'
In the issue of The People's Voice for February 15, will
be a ballot with names of possible candidates for the Demo
cratic nomination for senator this year. Since the announce
ment of this forthcoming "straw ballot" was made, another
potential candidate in addition to those mentioned in the an
nouncement, has been suggested by a reader and will be in
cluded. The present holder of the office, Senator Wheeler's
name may also be included, though the first intent was to get
a cross section expression from the people on whom they con
sidered the candidate most likely to give Senator Wheeler a
real race for the nomination. The Voice will be guided by
advice from others on this question of including Wheeler's
name on the ballot.
At the time the ballot is carried, the political history of
each one of the candidates named will be carried; their re
cord in office; church and lodge affiliations as far as obtain
able and any other information concerning them that may be
of interest and possible to assemble.
In its weekly dope-sheet the Republican National commit
tee stresses a statement recently made by a big industrialist,
He said "Unions must realize that their longevity is entirely
dependent upon the success of capitalistic enterprise." He is
In entire disagreement with Abraham Lincoln, for in his first
address to congress on December 3, 1861, Lincoln said: "La
bor is prior to and independent of capital. Capital is only
the fruit of labor, and could never have existed if labor had
not first existed."
Lincoln was the Republican party's first president, but
it is evident that the party has changed since those days. Now
such utterances as that of Lincoln, quoted above, are classed
as communistic by the GOP bosses. See if you can find any
where a staunch GOP editor who will O. K. such sentiments
—that labor is prior to capital and that capital is merely
the fruit of labor. Reading the GOP dope one would get the
idea that capital is a direct gift from heaven and sacrosanct
(something like Hirohito of Japan) mysteriously sent by the
gods to give labor a job at starvation wages, and that labor
should be humbly grateful for being allowed to live in such
exalted company. In the Garden of Eden God created labor—
but not capital. And when his blessed Son came to earth
later his chief activity was lambasting the capital (money
changers) of those days and their system of "free enterprise."
— (Capital Press.)
Because of his background and the makeup of the senate,
Edwin W. Pauley probably will be confirmed as assistant sec
retary of the navy.
If this occurs, it will be another blow to progressivism.
The mere fact of the appointment, alone, confirms that the
president does not have a clear-cut program; that he talks
liberal out of one side of his mouth, and acts in the opposite
direction on too many occasions.
Mr. Pauley is a millionaire oil man from California. He is
a former treasurer of the Democratic national committee.
Commenting on the appointment, the St. Louis Post-Dis
patch said "Mr. Pauley makes no pretensions to being a public
servant. He is an occupant of public office for the advance
ment of his private business, by his own testimony.
"Mr. Pauley has used to the utmost his prestige, as former
treasurer of the Democratic national committee and as an in
timate of Mr. Truman, to block a supreme court decision as
to whether vital oil reserves in the tidelands should continue
to be exploited for private profit by oil companies, including
Mr. Pauley's.
"Under such circumstances, Mr. Pauley's appointment
would be an act of appalling cynicism. Lobbyists for special
interests are dangerous enough to the public interest when
they are out in the lobby; should they then be admitted to the
innermost circle of the president's advisers?"
Marquis Childs reported that it is understood that if Mr.
Pauley is confirmed, Secretary Forrestal will retire in a few
months and Pauley will be boss of the navy.
The oil controversy is important, vastly important to the
entire United States. The argument is simply whether the
federal government shall have possession of the oil beneath
the ocean from the shoreline to a distance of three miles into
the sea, or whether individual states shall have title.
For years the states have held title. And as a result, the
big (and some little) oil companies have*obtained leases, are
exploiting the oil reserves at tremendous profit to themselves,
and at the same time depleting the nation's oil reserves.
Harold Ickes, as secretary of the interior, since 1936 has
held that these reserves belong to the whole country, not to
the states. And he has finally brought the question before the
supreme court for a ruling.
Mr. Pauley has lobbied against the interior department, in
behalf of his own interests and those of the other oil com
panies. As secretary of the navy he would have charge of all
the navy's oil reserves. He would set the policy. His record
does not show that he places national interest above his own
In view of that record he certainly should not have been
appointed by Mr. Truman. It is to be hoped that the senate
will have the courage to reject the appointment point blank.
u ^. ^ j s d ou btful they will.— (Valley City (N. D.) Times
R ecor d.)
Industry's Picket Line
No masters of industry are to be seen carrying placards
and trudging doggedly through ice and snow around closed
When you draw around $150 an hour, sleeping or waking,
every hour of the day, you can do your picketing much more
All you have to do is to sit in a swivel-chair and give
orders to hold up production until you get the prices or
profits you want; or to say to the unions "there is nothing
to negotiate," or "there is nothing to be gained through
collective bargaining.
Somewhere amid the overstaffed chairs and deep carpets
of Wall Street skyscraper offices, big business organized its
own kind of picket lines long ago.
Financiers whose names are hardly known to the public
but who determine the policies of many of our biggest corpora
tions, decided to hold up reconversion—and to hold up labor
and the public—until they win their full demands.
Through the policies they laid down to management,
they placed an invisible, but most effective, picket line
around American industry.
Full production was not to be permitted, they said, until
after the excess profits tax was repealed. Even after that,
it was to be held up until prices were raised. And workers
were to be admitted to work only at wage rates which would
keep their take-home pay far below wartime levels.
Inscribed on the invisible placards of industry's picket line
is the one word, "No"—"No" to the unions when they ask for
higher wages; "No" to the government when it asks negotia
tions and makes fact-finding awards; and "No" to the public
when it asks full production of consumers' goods. — (CIO
The day following the Great Falls Woolgrowers conven
tion, the Great Falls Tribune attacked Sen. Robert A. Taft as
a reactionary, typifying Republican stupid standpatism. Isn't
it true, Mr. Warden, that Senators Taft and Wheeler are in
spiritual alliance and complete accord in opposition to foreign
and domestic administration policy? What have you to say
Mr. Warden—not privately but editorially—about the political
heresies of Burton. Wheeler?
It will be time for hot hosannas by Montana Republicans
when Wheeler formally joins their party, with Burke Clem
ents, Barclay Craigheads and other Democratic satellites who
are now promoting his campaign from plushy places in the
state capitol building marching in behind.— (Cut Bank Pioneer
Swollen with unprecedented profits, the packing trusts are
riding rough-shod over the workers' demand for a 25-cent
an hour raise, while at the same time attempting to smash all
ceiling on meat products. If the packers had their way they
would take themselves and the people over the abyss, into
uncontrolled prices, low wages, with the resultant drop in
meat consumption that would bankrupt cattlemen, and take
us into a crisis that would make Hoover's depression days
seem like a picnic. "Squeeze every nickel you can out of the
workers, farmers and the public, NOW and to H—with the
consequences," is the line they are following.
while fortunes have been spent by the packers to adver
Riding Rough Shod
didn't ben and his n.t. e.a.
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Publications of communications under this heading, does not imply
that The Voice agrees or disagrees with the opinions expressed. Letters
submitted for this department should be brief and the subject matter
discussed to some degree at least objectively. Anonymous letters will re
ceive no consideration for publication. Names will be withheld on request.
ment the
January 23, 1946.
H. S. Bruce,
Helena, Montana,
Dear Sir;
My mailing date reminds me that
my subscription will soon expire,
which I don't want to neglect, so am
inclosing money order for $2 for an
other's years subscription.
Keep up the good work and hope
there are a lot more people being
wised up on the bare facts and honest
truth about things going on in this
wonderful state of ours which would
be more so if we had someone at the
head of it that isn't all for the big
corporations and monopolies and nev
er a thought for the people in the
I remain,
Billings, Montana,
January 28, 1946.
H. S. Bruce, Managing Editor.
The People's Voice,
Helena, Montana.
My Dear Mr. Bruce:
Your idea of a straw vote to select
is a good one. However, it occurs
to me that a short sketch of each can
didate should be published giving
church, business and lodge affiliations
to avoid any misunderstanding after
the straw vote is taken that might
materially change the results.
My principle reason for this is that
I believe Mr. Bonner is a Catholic
and as Senator Muarry is also a Cath
olic it might make a difference. Mr.
Bonner is in my opinion a practical
ly perfect choice for the senate. Re
ligion should not enter into this but
if we are to be realistic we know that
it does.
Being a Catholic myself
If Mr. Bonner will run, and wins
the straw vote with all the facts
known he can win the election easily.
Mr. Erickson is also a good choice
and he certainly knows his way around
in an election campaign in Montana.
To be on the safe side I think a
rather complete sketch of each candi
date is in order. I wish your excellent
little paper was a daily.
Mrs. Arthur Lavelle,
1814 Polytechnic Drive,
Billings, Montana.
Editor The People's Voice:
Some time ago a writer in The
People's Voice suggested that all pro :
gressives of every shade should write
and form a new party as we don't
seem to get anywhere with the two old
parties. He wrote in favor of the so
called National Constitutional party
launched by Excongressman C. G.
Binderup, (Nebr.) and others. That
made me think of all new parties or
movements that started and disap
peared the last 50 years. I joined
them all.
They all done some good
but did not get us anywhere to speak
of. As a boy I was stirred by the
writing and speeches of Ignatious
Donnelly in the day of the Farmers
Alliance. Strong, especially in Min
nesota, I cast my first vote for the
Peoples party here in Flathead. We
won and held the field for several
The Socialist party was next
with E. V. Debs as leader.
It polled six votes the first election
and over 600 the last. The Progres
sive party headed by La Follette and
Wheeler made a good showing but did
tise what benefactors to humanity they are, the story of the
workers that built their fortunes has not reached the public.
The companies boast that the pay to packinghouse workers is
$50 a week. The average nationally, however, is $30.
Those who have had the stamina to complete an inspec
tion tour of a packing plant are shocked at the pay of the
men and women who work under the most unbearable condi
tions day in and day out year after year. It is no^ surprising,
therefore, that in Chicago, a neighborhood council represent
ing over 200,000 people has been organized by Catholic Bish
op Shiel of Chicago to back the strikers, not only financially,
but on the picket lines. Similar support is rapidly being built
jin Minnesota. Every local union, every friend to labor must
give immediate support to the packing strike.
that the packinghouse workers need our support,
Don t gwe too little and don t give too late.—
It is NOW
ganized by Townley and rolled into
Montana from North Dakota. The
league gave the reactionary a real
shiver. It was built on a good prac
tical platform and spread like wild
fire as all older Montana people still
remember. However we did not win
except in spots. The Red menace was
invented by the reactionary and the
"Red Flame" with its free love lurid
paintings were too much to stand up
against especially for women. This
Red spectre has been played up quite
often since. It was dormant during
the depression but very much alive
again last election.
From past experience with reform
or new parties it seems that the best
advice is to go slow. I believe that
money reform is very important and
people should be better informed on
the function of money and the bearing
it has on our everyday life. All panics
or depressions in modern times and
to a large stent in ancient times as
well was caused by the universal faul
ty monetary system or often lack of
system. We do nôt get much educa
in and I
Relieve people are kept ignorant on
the true function of money on pur
pose. For that reason I should like
to see The People's Voice devote a
part of a column each issue on money,
starting with the early human history
through all ages up till present time
and showing how tremendous its pow
er has been and is at present time for
good or evil. People as a rule dislike
to study the money question from a
book but maybe taking a piece at a
time may like it. Readers thii^k
about it.
Bigfork, Montana,
January 17, 1946.
Mr. H. S. Bruce,
Managing Editor,
The People's Voice,
Helena, Montana.
Dear Sir:
At our last Farmer's Union meet
ing we discussed Governor Ford's pro
posed sales tax. We signed a peti
tion against this tax.
Most of the people there, and we
had a good crowd, had been out in
Washington during the war and they
had first-hand information of the harm
this kind of a tax would cause.
Also, a committee had typed about
e. hundred letters, and passed them
to the crowd to sign and send to the
congressmen, in answer to President
Truman's plea.
Very truly yours,
Wheeler, Crackpots
(Continued from Pape One)
proud of her senator?
Montana's outstanding Democrat
likewise made a moving plea for Eu
rope, and China too. Communism, he
asserted, is sweeping Europe, and
China too. "We must," he exclaimed,
"protect these countries and China
too against this threat." Can't you
see the glorious picture? Here is a
brave, internationally minded human
itarian, whose heart is broken as he
sees the masses of Europe — "and
China too"—being mowed down by
"communism." We must protect these
countries! What Montanan doesn't
want to protect the unprotected? Our
fighting blood is aroused! Our pa
"Receipt and certification o£ ap
plications from World War II veter
ans for the purchase of passenger
cars and station wagons were discon
tinued Monday, January 28, 1946, L.
B. .Choquette, regional director of the
War Assets corporation, a subsidiary
of the Reconstruction Finance corpora
tion, announced today. Certification
of veterans preference applications
formerly handled by the smaller war
plants corporation and transferred to
War Assets corporation by Surplus
Property administration becomes ef
fective on the same date. It is point
ed out, however, that applications of
Montana veterans will continue to be
made to and processed by the Smaller
War Plants corporation office in the
"The action is being taken because
the number of veterans preference
certifications already outstanding for
the purchase of passenger cars and
station wagons is far in excess of the
actual number expected to be declared
"Since veterans preference certifi
cations are handled in the order of
date of filing, War Assets corporation
pointed out that discontinuance of
further certification for passenger cars
and station wagons would save vet
erans time, money and effort and elim
inate false hopes of obtaining these
items which are in such short supply.
"When statistics and inventory rec
ords show that other items of surplus
property are being considerably over
subscribed receipt and certification of
veterans preference applications for
such items will be discontinued. As
these situations develop public an
nouncement will be made by War As
sets corporation. The procedure and
corporation explained, in order to pro
vide the veterans with the facts on
the availability of various kinds of
surplus property."
Working It Out—
(Continued from Page One)
health; Fannie Hurst, brilliant novel
ist; are among those who are por
trayed in this interesting series.
„ The profound Americanism of each
of these "Distinguished American
Jews" illustrates once more the pos
sibilities of constructive life in a coun
try where the principles of democracy
are practiced as well as preached.
Anti-Semitism looks childish and ri
diculous in the face of these contri
A very entertaining and interesting
recent book is one called "All God's
Children" written by Armand Cohen
and published by MacMillan. Mr. Co
hen is a young American rabbi of the
Jewish faith. He writes candidly about
the history and aspirations of the
Jews. He describes the religion, the
customs, the social convictions, and
habits of the Jewish people.
Jewish community as a religious and
social experience rather than a geo
graphic accident, is made clear. The
book is easy to read and offers a real
basis for understanding of the life
of the Jewish people in American by
other Americans.
A serious and very scholarly publi
cation called "Religion in the Post
war World" edited by Willard Sperry
(Harvard University Press) devotes
an entire volume to religion and ra
cial tensions. Ideas of race superior
ity are treated as a myth by Profes
Meade, who has a growing reputa
tion as a practical anthropologist with
a sound social outlook and aspiration,
discusses dispassionately the Ameri
can melting pot; a melting pot not
only of blood and race, but even more
important, a melting pot of culture and
A book called "One Nation" (by
Wallace Stegner and the editors of
Look) has been published by Hough
ton-Mifflin. This book is a solid at
tack against prejudice and the haz
ards it presents to our American life.
It is a book of pictures and striking
stories which illustrates to everyone
the horror and tragedy which follow
upon the practice of prejudice against
any minority groups in the United
States. The Pacific races, the Mexi
cans, the negroes, and their problems
each have a chapter. The prejudice
which exist with greater vigor in
some geographical areas than others
is vividly illustrated,
timely, easy to read and understand,
and because of its pictorial characters,
has great appeal. All these literary ef
forts to overcome prejudice as destruc
tive to American democracy are help
The book is
a messiah—an internationalist too! —
who gives-us something to believe in,
a crusade against international in
We cannot trust the United Nations
organization, he avers. The diplomats *
are going to wreck it. Not B. K.
Wheeler with his scare talk; but the
diplomats, mind you! Instead of the
UNO, he offers us an American cru
sade to protect Europe—"and China
too." Montanans, behold your great
humanitarian! Don't badger him with
questions about how this job is to be
done; how many American soldiers
will be necessary; how much Ameri
can money. Just let him talk; it is
matchless oratory; well, almost match
less; Hitler did better with the same
theme: you know, protect Europe
from communism. But this is a trif
ling consideration. Wheeler has giv
en us magic words, a magic formula!
Protect! Protect! Protect American
wool (from the British)!
American dollars (from the interna
tional banker)! Protect American in
dustry (from Washington crackpots)!
Protect Europe—"and China too!"
You see what I mean? Wheeler is
a man after the heart of all of us here
in Montana. The voice of the people!
Or is he?

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