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SENATOR WHEELER, the Isolationist
AND WORLD TRADE n. Senator Wheeler in his speeches ex pressed some of the phoniest of the phony ideas currently beng expressed regarding our loans to Britain. The senator is still an Isolationist at heart. Isolationism has been out of date for quite some time but it has become completely antiquated in the atomic age! It isn't easy to maintain peace as we well know and it is absolutely es sential that we enter into close colla boration and co-operation with other countries, if we expect to have any chance for success. Unless we can solve our economic problems we shall not succeed in maintaining the peace of the world merely by setting up a world political organization. World stability depends on full em ployment in the United States and complete co-operation of the United States in the development of interna tional economic organizations de signed for a NEW WORLD ORDER If we disregard entirely the moral obligation we owe to our British neigh their terrible sacrifices diiring the war, and Just consider the hard eco nomic tacts we find that Britain needs our dollars in order to get goods. Britain is never more than six weeks from starvation in war or peace and she is sadly lacking in raw mate rials which we can supply. Britain is far more dependent on imports than any of the other nations in question, and will have far greater difficulty in balancing her international pay ments. Britain is in a tough spot and anyone who ceres to study the situ ation will find that we need to give Britain special consideration on loans. If we help to finance Britain's im ports, she will buy more from us; this will increase employment here and American . consumers will also have more. It is true that we might achieve the same result without sending anything of value abroad if the money were spent at home instead of being sent to foreigners—provided our economy were so adjusted as to be completely efficient as a self-contained unit. It Just so happens however, that we have actual or potential surpluses of some kinds of goods and shortages of others. We shall get full employ ment more quickly and maintain it more steadily if we help Britain, Prance, China and Russia get on their feet once more. We didn't pull any chestnuts out of the fire for Britain by aiding her in the First World War nor in the Second World War. We aided Britain because we knew that if Britain was conquered—we would follow. We helped Britain, and Russia, to save our own necks! Britain doesn't want charity from us but she does want and need our help and economic co-operation. The Brit ish do not expect American business men out of generosity to efface them selves from world commerce in order that the British may survive. The British want us to have full employ ment and .prosperity because she knows that unless we do, Britain will not. The financial power and indus trial productivity of the United States has the greatest influence on world CO-OPERATIVE PRINTERS » FOR Montana Co-operatives Labor Organizations and the Farmers Union CHECK YOUR NEEDS And Place Your Orders Early for Letterheads — Envelopes Invoices — Statements Checks — Receipts Wheat Storage Tickets Grain Checks Order Blanks Tank Wagon Books Salesbooks Circular Letters Annual Statements Notices of Meetings Posters — Dance Tickets Filing Cards and Etc. V ► 4 •J 4 r WE ARE EQUIPPED TO FILL ALL YOUR PRINTING NEEDS r We Employ Union Workers and Use Union Made Paper — 4 Co-operatively yours EDUCATIONAL CO-OPERATIVE PUBLISHING CO, Box 838 Helena, Montana prosperity. The world simply cannot go on having periodic booms and de pressions it we expect to end wars. After the last war we let things take their course. We had a sharp inflation and deflation. We lent mon ey abroad recklessly to Increase our exports, and Insisted on payment of war debts, while at the same time we raised tariffs against imports. We made it practically impossible for our allies to pay their war debts. What did we gain by following that policy? We got the greatest depression the world has ever seen. World War II, practically all the gold in the world BURIED at Fort Knox and the great est of costs to us—a million war cas ualties. The countries of Europe together with Russia and China need capital for development. If international loans are managed and controlled so as to insure a reasonable stable flow of capital and if the funds are Invested in productive projects, they will prob ably all be repaid. The wild speculation of the twen ties and thirties, the loans made abroad on ridiculous projects so that our American loan agencies could reap the huge bonuses and the sale of such securities'to unsuspecting people here in America (mostly small in vestors) could have only the result it did—complete collapse. One of the main reasons for oppo sition to loans to Britain is the new Labor government. Our big business men hate the thought of subsidizing the Labor government in its* plan to socialize industry. Overlooking of course, this Labor government was the choice of the British people in a free election. The old theories, beliefs and con ventions which made up "sound" orth odox political economy before the First World War were already obsolete in 1914 and did a lot of harm in the postwar period. We should know better now, even politicians. If we mess up our domes tis and international policies this time, ignorance is no excuse. One thing we are going to learn—we must import as much as we export. We can only do this if we have full employment jind prosperity at home. The question of imports and exports is one of the most serious economic questions of our times. The classical economist and the practical businessmen do not see eye to eye on this—at least they haven't in the past. However, if businessmen and wage earners and the farmer find good markets for their products and Jobs are available for all who want them, Imports need not be feared. Artificial stimulation of exports clearly tends to drive the foreign pro ducer out of business. While Ameri can exports and American employment may rise as a result of such opera tions, foreign employment tends to decline. Our prosperity is won at the expense of the foreign producers and foreign workers. It is a policy by which we make "beggars" of other countries. These policies lead to economic war fare. Other nations retaliate in kind. The economic strife, as offensive tac tics are met by retaliation, more and VOTE f» -pHPùrK «HVE CÖMM 4 N _ ». ROLL EMPLOy ME*4T wAfrP iwcacASt J-75 f MINIMUM WAS-P HOUMN» F.e.p.c. < > 1 ni TWO CORPORATIONS AND RECONVERSION by now, for the most part, has learned By BRUCE SMITH, Butte The current wave of hysteria pro moted by the reactionary daily press for the purpose of creating public sen timent against Organized Labor is not a new development, though per haps somewhat more virulent than previous attempts to enslave the Workers and leave them at the mercy of profit-made corporations, who give not a damn for reconversion, for the welfare of the American public, nor for any of the proclaimed freedoms which their miserable mouthpieces proclaim only to violate. Unfortunately, tor the time being at least, members of the congress who at other times have shown some decent regard for the rights of the Workers, have proclaimed their inten tions to Join with others whose an tipathy to those who toil is well known and pass legislation which is foreign to American ideals and which have no place in the statutes of a nation which has Just concluded two success ful wars to establish the Atlantic Charter and the Four Freedoms. The same old moth-eaten charges have been resurrected and paraded before the public which has been fooled and misled before but which more destroys world trade. Interna tional collaboration can be developed so as to minimize economic warfare and to promote full employment, world prosperity and world trade. The propaganda coming from our radio commentators, politicians and the "free" press is daily adding to the confusion. The layman has a tremen dous task confronting him. He must study all the difficult problems facing us because it is the average American who must cast his vote either for or against legislation that will give us a better world, or complete chaos. Senator Wheeler's record on pro gressive legislation is not good. We cannot afford to keep men in con gress who have not realized that this is one world. We cannot have men in congress who are not sold on atom ic energy. If all of us would just stop to think that a wrong decision on our part now, may cost the life of an American boy War HI, I believe we would be a lit tle more careful about the decisions we make. Our motto up to now seems to have been: "To heck with lives, save the business!" I believe John Bonner would be an excellent choice to succeed Senator Wheeler. He has all the necessary qualifications and in addition is a war veteran. It is going to be hard to beat a war veteran in the coming elections. The "Company" would find it rather difficult to "smear" a war veteran. Mr. Erickson is also a good choice. The straw vote, to avoid too many on the ticket is an excellent idea. January 24, 1946, Billings, Montana. CATHERINE LAVELLE. Campaign Vs — (Continued from Pnjçe One) to the amount of business it trans acted in order to obtain the smallest possible bond covering its operations. On Point No. 1 the commission has been making slow headway. Under the Minnesota co-op law, GTA claims exemption from the ban on Joint sell er-buyer operations and this stand has been upheld by various Minnesota at torneys general. Unable to shake this defense, independent grain com panies, intervening in the case in an effort to bring GTA a cropper, now have come up with the argument that GTA is not a true co-operative, hence presumably is not entitled to any im munities co-ops may enjoy under the state laws. Is GTA a Co-op? In currently buying over 75 per cent of the grain consigned to It, say the independents, GTA is not functioning as a true co-operative. As a farm marketing co-op, GTA's primary func tion presumably would be to act as sales agent for its members. In an swer to this GTA could attribute its heavy buying to the large crop and to ceiling prices, which level out prices to all classes of buyers. With its "profits" (a word usually not ac ceptable fo co-ops) limited by ceil ings, GTA implied that it had to make money for members when and where it could—even if this involved dealing on the open market. To charge No. 2—That of obtain ing a smaller bond than its opera tions warranted—GTA replied that in applying for bond it had merely fol lowed practices common to all grain commission merchants. In this con nection, GTA made one telling point— the co-op was the only commission merchant whose books had been checked, GTA will now have a respite in which to prepare briefs before the hearings open again in March. by bitter experience to discount the propaganda output of newspapers whose only purpose is to add more dollars to swollen profits which are the accumulation of and derived from the blood and sweat of Americans who served in the Armed Services and the War Factories. We refer to thé oft-repeated charge that Communists and adherents to a foreign power (Moscow) are respon sible for the wave of strikes which have taken place and those which have been forecast to take place under ex isting statutes. And we do not hesitate to charge that all the soapboxers of whatever creed or ism are Ineffectual, powerless and puney in comparison with the efforts of profit-greedy corporations to circumvent the American system of free enterprise. We need only refer to the record of two corporations—the General Mo tors (duPont) and the Anaconda Cop per Mining company and its many subsidiaries—to illustrate the subtle and insidious undermining of the American standard of living which is taking place in defiance of the rights of the Workers and also in defiance of the efforts of the United States government. When the president of the United States was endeavoring to promote reconversion to a peacetime economy by the appointment of fact-finding todies, the General Motors corpora tion said NO in advance of the efforts to find a solution—they were free to disregard the government, the Ameri can Public and the Workers Involved —and said so in disrespectful langu age and disdainful disregard of the American Public. And what of the record of the Ana conda Copper Mining company and its subsidiaries? It is a record of bloody dominance; a shameless and fraudu lent record—a record which endan gered the lives of both the Armed Forces and the Workers. To demands of those who labor, no matter how reasonable, the answer of the Anaconda Copper Minirig com pany is always NO! No amount of money contributed to the creation of recreation no amount of money contributed to the building of a non-profit hospital, will obscure or cover up the record of a company which disregards the real interests of any community in which it operates by contemptuously refusing to share its profits with those who produce the wealth. Power Lobby— (Continued from Pagre One) ness and maintain their monopolies. But California and Eastern interests are also Jealous of the low power rates of the Northwest and the con sequent gravitation of industries to Oregon and Washington. Boulder dam and Shasta capnot equal the Bonneville and Grand Coulee rates— the lowest in the world. The $17.50 per kilowatt year rate was evolved by J. D. Ross when he was administrator of Bonneville, and is adequate. There is no reason for raising it other than for the benefit of private companies and other parts of the nation which are not so favor ably situated. Under that rate Bon neville and Grand Coulee have proved not only practicable but profitable— maintain themselves, pay their amor tization obligations, meet all expenses and make sufficient profit to keep on growing. Cheap public power is the one ad vantage which the Northwest holds over other parts of the nation. We have 40 per cent of the nation's hydro electric capacity. Its continued pos session is a matter of life and death to the Northwest. It should not be taken from us to fatten Eastern para sites. We will keep it and grow, or lose it and stagnate.—(Capital Press.) NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS Please check the expiration date on the address slip on your paper and send in your renewals early to avoid missing an issue. Legal Advertising NOTICE TO CREDITORS Estate of COSTANTINO CABOARA, de ceased. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN by the undersigned, administrator of the estate of Costantino Caboara, deceased, to the creditors of and all persons hav ing claims against the said deceased, to exhibit them with the necessary vouchers, within four months after the first publication of his notice, to the said Walter G. Samson, administrator at Law Offices of Anderson and Brooke, Courthouse. Helena, Montana, the same being the place for the transaction of the business of said estate in the Coun ty of Lewis and Clark. WALTER G. SAMSON. Administrator of the Estate of Costantino Caboara, Deceased, Dated January 25, 1946. FORREST H. ANDERSON and ROBERT C. BROOKE. Attorneys for Estate, Helena, Montana. Publ. Jan. 25. Feb. 1. 8, 16, 1946 Thirty Years (Continued from Page One) sota Railroad and Warehouse commis sion by Its own expert reveals no such evidence. All charges by hide-out firms in the private grain business and by the Railroad and Warehouse Com missioner Ray P. Chase, who sat as complainant, prosecutor and Judge In the hearing, were thoroughly discred ited. Even Chase back-tracked after the drum-head hearing. The state of Minnesota's expert witness, L. R. Bitney, statistician for the Railroad and Warehouse commis sion, gave GTA a clean bill of health on its business operations. But the hide-out firms in the pri vate grain business pay publicity writ ers to say otherwise. Assistant At torney General George T. Simpson of Minnesota is quoted as saying that "actions of FUGTA in buying, for its own account, grain consigned to it for sale 'constitute a penal offense under the laws of Minnesota'," Mr. Simpson is a lawyer. But lay men have, a right to doubt his know ledge of legal lore and to question ■what went against Simpson's grain, so to speak. Mr. Simpson's boss. Minnesota s Attorney General J. A. A. Burnquist ruled to the contrary. He tossed out Commissioner Chase's first complaint, when it was made be fore he was elected to the Railroad and Warehouse commission in 1914, In so ruling. Burnquist was sustained by three previous Minnesota attorn ey's general and a former governor of Minnesota, as well as the statutes of the state of Minnesota covering co operative business operations. Defeated on this front these hidden firms in the private grain business pay others to say that "facts CALCULAT ED to prove that FUGTA is not a true co-operative were brought out in questions by Roger L. Dell of Fergus Falls, counsel for three independent grain companies of Western Minne sota, which intervened in the case." The facts are to the contrary. They fail to disclose that hide-out firms in the private grain business scoured the state to find a spokesman for them, They fail to mention that the three intervening Independent grain com panies are customers of the private grain trade, of which Ben C. McCabe, the president of the so-called National Tax Equality association and a bitter foe of GTA and other co-operatives, also Is a prominent member. Let's examine the record. Three days of testimony reveal that Dell failed miserably to show that GTA is not a true co-operative. The St. Paul Dispatch for January 8, declared: "The Farmers Union Grain Terminal association won anoth er point before the State Railroad and Warehouse commission when counsel for the association smashed another attempt to show interests of stockholders were not properly pro tected." The hide-out firms in the private grain business failed to mention that. Instead they paid someone to say that "the state commission charges that FUGTA supplied false and misleading information in its application in order to keep surety bonds, which all com mission merchants must furnish, at the lowest possible amounts." What are the facts? Take the tes timony of the Railroad and Ware house's own expert witness, L. R. Bitney, who examined the financial records of GTA supported the informa tion on the bond applications. Bitney admitted that no other grain firm's application had been subject to such examination as had been given GTA. Given access to all financial books he said that GTA's records were complete as far as he had examined them, and that they had been audited every year by a firm of certified public account antg What does the Railroad and Ware house commission think? Commis sioner Ray P. Chase, who brought the complaint, admitted to reporters of the Minneapolis Times after the hear ing that GTA had made its applica tions in exactly the same form and fashion as all other grain firms. The same paper quoted him as saying that "the testimony at the hearing dis closed that the state commission fol lowed a practice of allowing every li censed commission firm to post a $25, 000 bond, the minimum under the state law. irrespective of the size of operations." These hidden-firms in the private grain business who have never paid a penny's profit back to the farmers are concerned as to how GTA runs its co-operative business. In its paid for propaganda these hidden-firms la ment that in the last six GTA has "distributed only $640,329 in cash to member-patrons, while retaining $5,352,938 from earnings as working capital." Here is a fact to remember: this $630,329 is exactly $630,329 MORE than the grain farmers ever got back from all the private grain firms that have ever been in business. The $5,352,938 in operating capital is re tained on vote of farmers themselves at their annual meetings, to build and expand their co-operative operations. These hide-out firms in the private grain business want to fool the public into believing that it is a financial crime for GTA to pay "its patronage dividends in preferred stock which now draws no interest and cannot be retired except by a vote of directors." The facts: The practice of not pay ing interest on stock is carried out to fully meet the requirements of the federal government so that GTA can qualify without question as a true co operative. Stockholders and not di rectors determine how and when their stock is retired. They also set the policy. Any person who is serious about making an honest statement knows this. Expert Witness Bitney, himself, ad mitted that: FARMERS WHO MARKET THEIR GRAIN THROUGH GTA "STILL GET MORE MONEY THAN IF THEY WERE DEALING WITH PRIVATE CONCERNS." These hidden firms in the private t— Hon. Pifflin' Piddlin' Pipsqueak Discusses Plans of Hon. Sec. Ickes Your,reporter found the eminent jurist from Butte in a state of agitation when he called on him at his hotel suite in this city last evening. Uusually urbane and un perturbed, even when confronted with some asinine re mark about the MVA by our great and good governor, the Hon. P. P. last evening was in what is delicately called j a tizzy. And all on account of Hon. Harold Ickes. "Look," said he, "look here what this fellow Ickes says: power projects to go in wherever power can be developed. What the hell? We thought we had that program stopped when killed your MVA bill. Well, at least we made it take the count for this session of congress. But now comes Ickes and wants to develop power and Strauss wants to develop power but, still, we can see that the prices are held up. None of your TVA prices up this way, young man. But what if you fellows and the bureau got togeth . er?" The distinguished gentleman from Butte turned pale, j the match he had struck to light his long black cigar I flickered out as he stared out into the dark and stormy j night. "Hell," he muttered, "hell and damnation, they j might." I we I ! grafn business avoided printing this i statemen t wltneg8 B ltney also said that care fu , examlnation of GTA's financial recor( j s revealed assets on May 31,1 1945i were more than $1,500,000 in ex ceg8 Qf those requlred to CÜVer Uabl j. meg both current and deferred , IIe might have added , as a matter of fact that in additlon to thig the farm erg own a jj Dieir terminal and country elevators too. These hide-out firms in the private grain business are trying to whip up the old lie that "Purchases by FUGTA of grain consigned to it, for sale on the open market on commission, vlo late the state law of Minnesota as we ll as the rules of the Minneapolis anc j Duluth grain markets." This is a deliberate lie. The state law is clear on this point. Five pre vious rulings prove that. They were made by four Minnesota attorney's general and a former governor of Mln nesota. The rule of the Minneapolis and Duluth grain markets is clear, The matter was disposed of by the board of directors of the Minneapolis chamber of commerce in the case of Farmers National Grain corporation * n 1936. These hide-out grain firms become indignant when GTA cuts into the profits of the private grain business and earns more for its farmer-mem bers. They object to GTA complying with the OPA celling regulations "af ter purchasing such grain for its own account, (by adding) elevation and merchandising charges to the original commission charge, thereby increasing the FUGTA margin of profit, on wheat tor example, to four cents a bushel, as compared with the charge of 1 % cents a bushel allowed to private com mission merchants by Grain Exchange rules and the OPA ceiling regula t,on8 -" Tll e facts. Grain firms, both private and co-operative can under OPA regu lat ions charge no more than 2% cents tor taking grain into terminal eleva tors and loading it out for reshipment. Most private grain commission firms do not handle grain. They cannot ,in der OPA regulations charge this cents. But they sell it to other giain firms who have terminal eleva ^° These " ^ cents markup, in compliance with OPA regulations, Would these hide-out firms In the ivate grain business deny the farm era cents, under the OPA re 8Ulation, in order that only private glain firms could profit from the trans , 5 na oral arguments will be leard ln Marcb , after the state of Minnesota and intervenors file written briefs, Here is what the fight is a11 about - 1® fbe farmer who owns the land an( l machinery and raises the grain to be forced to limit his operations to LARGEST MUTUAL IN THE STATE j^crita na Fa rmcrs Union xSSLsSt S£ « sP' g fv '$PslS& ci CO /V2 c/, Dependable Co-operative PETER BOKMA, Secretary WHEN YOU BUY CO-OP YOU ALSO BUILD jarmcrs Union Central ê^dianae * ' INCORPORATED Wholesale Farm Supply Co-operative GENERAL OFFICE: SO. ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA L & S M WORKERS | & CARPENTERS TO HOLD CONVENTION Monday, February 4. will mark an other important step in the direction of mutual co-operation between Car penters and Lumber and Sawmill Workers Unions in Montana. At that date, the 30th annual convention of the Montana State Council of Carpen ters will be held at Missoula, Mon tana. simultaneously with the 12th semi-annual convention of the Mon tana District Council, Lumber and Sawmill Workers. Most Lumber and Sawmill Workers Local Unions In Montana have been affiliated with the State Council of Carpenters for several years and have customarily sent delegates to the Car penters convention and the two or ganizations have historically func tioned in close co-operation with each other. The move to hold the dual conven tion began a year ago at the 29th convention of the State Council of Carpenters at Anaconda, when it was decided to hold this year's Carpenters conclave in a location which would be convenient for the Lumber and Saw mill Workers Unions. The Montana District Council of Lumber and Saw mill Workers took the next step by advancing its regular date of its con vention a month, in order to hold it at the same time as the Carpenters. The two organizations will convene in separate rooms at the Missoula Union Hall, holding Joint meetings as desired. Carpenter's meetings will be pre sided over by President Richard Don ovan of Local 112, Butte. The secre tary of the Montana State Council of Carpenters is E. A. Barnette of Lo cal 88, Anaconda, convention is sponsored by Local 28, Missoula, The Lumber and Sawmill Workers' The Carpenters business sessions will be presided over by President Sherman Brock of Local 3038, Bonner, which local is sponsoring the Sawmill Workers con ( Conti: eel I'UKf F( IP) the land? Or has he a right under a free enterprise economy in a de mocracy to engage in the distribution of commodities that he himself pro duces? Stripped of all superficial le gal verbiage, that is all that is in volved in the case now before the Minnesota Railroad and Warehouse commission. The hidden firms in the private grain business say that the farmer does not have this right. Farmers Union Grain Terminal as sociation says that the farmer does have the right.