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Published weekly by The People's Voice Publishing Co.
at 1206 Lockey Street, Helena, Montana
P. O. Box 838
Phone 26-J
H. S. BRUCE, Managing Editor
Entered as Second Class Matter December 7, 1939 at the Post Office at
Helena. Montana, under the Act of March 3, 1879.
Subscription Price: $2.00 Year; Trial Subscription; Five Months $1.00
No Commercial Advertising except from Co-operative Business
institutions accepted. Rates on application.
The Ballot
On page one of this issue will be found the ballot for a
"straw vote" on a candidate to defeat Senator Wheeler for re
election to the United States Senate this year, in case, as seems
likely, he will file as a candidate.
The candidates named on the ballot are all well known
Montanans. A space is left for a "write-in" candidate.
The sole purpose of the ballot is to secure a cross-section
of public opinion. We do not claim that it will be a final de
termination of the issue of defeating W T heeler. However, if
enough returns are received, the result will have a distinct
bearing on it.
The Voice has readers in every county in the state, and if
majority of them will fill out and mail in the ballot, a sound,
general idea of the support of a candidate to defeat Senator
Wheeler may be obtained.
The ballot will be printed in two issues: the 15th and 22nd.
Please clip and mail the ballot.
The lekes Resignation
President Truman seems to be learning the hard way that
he cannot play small town politics in his present position. We
in the West should perhaps feel grateful over the recognition
given to Westerners in his appointments to key positions in the
administration. However, the type of men he has selected, in
many instances, does not indicate consideration of the interests
of the nation so much as they show a desire on the President's
part to reward his political friends, disregarding the qualifica
tions of the appointee for the job he is supposed to do.
His naming of Pauly which resulted in the resignation of
Ickes, is perhaps, his greatest error up to date. Even the most
reactionary of the democratic party senators, probably view
this act of his as a political error of greatest magnitude, in
view of the past unsavory activity of Pauly in connection with
the oil tide lands.
The Gj*eat Falls Tribune in an editorial in today's (Friday)
issue says: "The question of veracity in committee testimony
by Mr. Ickes and Mr. Pauly is not of paramount national im
port". If this is the attitude of a publication, that regard for
truth, by leading figures in our national administration is not
important, then we may question whether the publication's
policy takes a similar attitude toward the character of news
which it publishes.
We contend that it is of paramount importance. More
over, it is reasonable to think that Mr. Ickes was fully aware of
the probable results of his testimony against Pauly; that his
regard for truth and the public's interests outweighed his desire
to continue in office at the expense of violating his integrity.
The past performances of Pauly as a lobbyist and wily seeker
of special privileges through influencing members of the ad
ministration and the members of congress, does not influence
the people to accept his testimony at face value in a case
where a political plum which may be considered made to order
for him. *
The question of a successor to Mr. Ickes is now on the
The President's consultation with the members of the
public lands committee to which the President's nominee for
the position will be made, has, according to the press dis
patches brought no final determination up to this time. Our
senior Senator Wheeler is a member of that committee, and
running true to form, favors former Senator D. Worth Clark
for that Senator Clark's record in the senate
is a reactionary one; favorable at practically all times to the
big industrial and financial interests. Senator Wheeler has
not stated why he favors Clark, and really it is not necessary
for him to do so. He is simply following out the program
which he knows Senator Clark stands for.
Opinions Called For
There is a sort of "ominous silence" prevailing in the state
concerning the governor's proposal for a sales tax. It may be
assumed that the governor and his friends, the large foreign
corporations exploiting the state are quietly working to bring
it about.
Nor have we heard any expression from the heads of the
institutions of higher learning in the state on the proposal.
There is no way to judge whether their sole purpose is to
"get the money", no matter from what source. It would seem
reasonable to think that they would have some concern about
the great mass of the low income, common people of the state,
on which the greatest burden of this unfair tax would fall.
The Montana Education Association has also remained
silent. This does not, of course, occasion any surprise, as it
seldom takes a stand on any important issue, even when one
of its members, as was the case with Violet Eastman, is the
victim of unfair treatment. So it can hardly be expected that
it would take any stand on a question so remote from the
ivory towers as discussion of taxes.
It might be well for the heads of the institutions and the
Montana Education they can
afford to incur the displeasure of the labor organizations, the
organized farmers and the small business men, by a neutral
attitude on the sales tax proposal. Moreover, it would seem
that the people of the state have a right to look to the educa
tional leaders in the state for assistance in reshaping our tax
structure in a manner that will be more equitable. And cer
tainly a sales tax will not bring that about.
Bowles' New Job
One of the more encouraging indications that the President
is giving careful consideration to the great need for wage
price controls is the appointment of Chester Bowles to the
position of economic stabilization administrator.
Mr. Bowles has made a great record in his former office
as Office of Price Administration chief. His record there is
one of first consideration of protection of the public's interests
and while he has lost some battles, generally speaking he has
won the war up to this time. His has been probably the most
difficult and thankless job, and that he has hewed to the line
regardless of pressure from powerful interests, always fighting
for the interests of the consumer, entitles him to the gratitude
of all of the common people of the country.
It will be interesting to watch his performance in this
broader field, and it appears certain that since he is now in
thq office of reconversion director John W. Snyder, some
changes advantageous to the nation's economy and to the work
ing people of the country may be expected. It is our opinion
that such changes will take placé or Mr. Snyder will find his
office more uncomfortable than it has been in the past.
The only worry now will be what the attitude of former
F. C. C. chairman Porter, named as head of the OPA will be
tow'ard raisin gprice ceilings on products to meet demands for
increased wages by workers. There is, of course, the possi
bility that Bowles has, in a way, been "kicked upstairs" in
order to smooth the path of industry with the OPA. However,
Bowles will still have considerable influence over that feature
of the OPA's activities, so it is possible that the new arrange
ment will be beneficial.
The government refuses unemployment compensation to
strikers, but refunds excess profits taxes to industries when
profits sag owing to strikes brought about by industry's refus
al to bargain collectively as required by law. In other words,
the government penalizes strikers but pays industry big money
for causing strikes. Under such conditions it is not difficult
to understand why industry refuses to bargain decently with
employees. It makes more money by standing pat and trying
to force OPA to allow it to boost the prices of its products.
Is that equitable government? Is it good for you and I?—
(Capital Press.)
The Fkht Goes On ...
Those who believe that freedom of speech means freedom
to expound only one side of a story will, of course, be pleased
to learn that a radio chain serving Minneapolis last week
denied Land O' Lakes, Inc., opportunity to present a discus
sion of the current row over taxing co-operatives.
Those who believe that free speech means the right of
all opinions to be expressed over the airwaves or through the
press will object to the influence which Ben McCabe of the
National Tax Equality association was able to bring to bear
on the network.
Cal Karnstad announcer, told his listeners on January 31
that he had started a series of talks on taxing co-operatives,
and that after the first program he had been shut off from
further discussion of the subject.
Stifling discussion, on either side of this or any other moot
question, will not solve the problems! The practice is un
American, undemocratic and savors of the kind of thing a war
recently was fought about.
And while this happened on one front, another battle rages
on another front. Inspired by the same group that was able
to stop Announcer Karnstad's tax talks, the Minnesota Rail
road and Warehouse commission is dragging out a "case" in
which the Farmers Union Grain Terminal association is the
The Farmers' Elevator Guide an independent organ pub
lished monthly in Minneapolis, having no connection with the
Farmers Union, had this to say:
"Here in Minnesota we have recently had the strange spec
tacle of a co-operative terminal elevator association being
"tried" by a quasi-judicial state commission on a series of
'charges' which have been effectually disproved, not only this
once, but at other times in the past.
"The hearings have been widely publicized by an expert
press agency employed by the instigators of the whole dis
turbance in such a way as to distort and misrepresent the facts
in the record as well as the findings.
"There is much that might be said about the history of
the case and of the personalities involved. But we pause here
to discuss briefly only the contention of the commission that
the association in question is not a true co-operative.
"The idea seems to be that if Tom, Dick and Harry asso
ciate themselves together to perform certain services for their
mutual benefit, that may be called a co-operative. And if
Joe, Bill and George do the same thing, that's a co-operative.
But if the first group appoints Tom and the second grolip
appoints Joe to do together something of benefit to both groups,
then that activity is not co-operative.
"To put it bluntly, it is the same old question of the right
of local co-operatives to join hands to perform useful and nec
essary tasks too big for any one of them to do alone,
tendency has its manifestations in all the wholesale and manu
facturing enterprises undertaken by co-operatives in recent
years. (The same practice is followed by businessmen, groc
druggists, etc.) It is these large-scale operations which
have excited the apprehensive fears of the forces of intrenched
"The local co-operative was looked upon as just another
'little business'. It sold its products and bought its needs from
privately owned 'big business.' It was a good customer; and
for many years big business solicited its patronage. Now that
the little businesses have found that they can combine and do
the big business for themselves, the mud starts to fly.
"Running a local elevator is quite a proper occupation for
Operating a terminal, or a feed
a co-operative association.
or a wholesale house oi factory (o\er 1 0 of them now
in the United States)—that, obviously, hurts business, big busi
ness, and big business has its own peculiar and devious ways
of fighting back.
"So we have the NTEA, and the Minnesota terminal case,
and the Kansas case and others past and future, all designed
to prevent co-operative business above the local or retail level.
Of course the fat boys can't get away with it. In the end they
will have to yield to co-operatives the right to carry on any
honest business for the benefit of their members. A terrier
yapping at the heels of a big Percheron drafter makes a lot
of noise, but he doesn't do much damage.''—'(Valley City
Thfe Last Scene of the Last Act of the Last Performance
of Business Trying to Get Going Again
Willernie, Minn.
(The stage scene represents the
interior of the human skull, the
furnishings consisting of adding ma
chines, filing cabinets, more adding
machines, flat-topped desks (for
executives' feet), and more adding
machines. A meeting of the Extra
Excessive Executive committee of
world industrial imperialism to tell
the world what to think, to say, to
eat, to wear, etc., etc., has met in
emergency session to try to contrive
some way to start the wheels of in
"grease" (money) in the gears. The
numerous white spots are bald
'due to the fact that the invitations-to
putting more
The chairman bangs his gavel on
ç»ne of the white spots, which gives
off a sound like thumping an empty
gourd—tonk, tonk, tonk—because the
fat is all gone.
He then comments that the small
ness of the attendance is doubtless
the meeting said that the "present
emergency will tax the sagacity and
astuteness of us all." Obviously the
word tax was a red rag, especially
since it was followed by the words
sagacity and astuteness. Something
must escape taxation. All in favor of
no tax on sagacity and astuteness say
I. I-I-I-I. The I's have it.
tary will send the resolution to Con
gressman Dripp.
Committee report, by the gentleman
from Flint. Mr. Chairman I cannot
be a pessimist. The weather is fine,
fine, fine, fine. The chairman—all in
favor say I. I-I-I-I. Unanimous.
Let us pray, moved the ancient bizz
nutt, who had been a good trust mag
nate, a pillar in the church and tops
at poker for many years. All heads
were bowed and he mumbled "Now, I
lay me down to sleep," etc., while all
the others, through HALF closed eyes,
gazed seriously upon the financial sec
tion of what their profits would have
been if— if— if— if . . . there had
been no income tax, no outgo tax, no
surplus tax, just only a poll tax on
The secre
Publications of communications
under this heading, does not imply
that The Voice agrees or disagrees
with the opinions expressed. Let
ters submitted for this department
should be brief and the subject mat
ter discussed to some degree at
least, objectively. Anonymous let
ters will receive no consideration
for publication. Names will be with
held on request.
February 12, 1946.
The People's Voice,
Helena, Montana.
Dear Editor:
I am enclosing check for renewal
of my subscription to The People's
Your paper is doing a pretty good
job, excepting, that at times it seems
that your criticisms are leaning to
one side too much.
And like the old saying; "the bad
lives on forever, and the good is
buried with the grave," or words to
that effect.
Some would even tell you to go to
the "Hot Spot" with your paper, but
that's stupid.
The great fault with flie struggling
masses has always been that they
dulled their own sharpest instruments.
I may, perhaps, overlooked your
comments in the "Voice" on the ac
tions of the appropriations committee
in Washington, D. C. when the appor
tioning of federal monies for the
states was the business of the com
mittee. Montana, it appears, was only
represented by one of its spokesmen,
and Sen. B. K. Wheeler was that man.
And it seems that Senator Wheeler,
with all the negligence attributed to
him, done a most remarkable job in
presenting Montana's needs to that
committee, as invariably, by his argu
ments he was able to raise the com
mittee's figure in favor of Montana.
If you have overlooked this matter
it would be quite appropriate to make
discovery of this little item, and which
may be of interest to us ill-informed
Montanans, give the devil
his just dues.
As a railroader I have not forgotten
the "little" help B. K. Wheeler was
to us in recovering about $250,000,000
in wage reductions to help the "needy"
ones to weather the depression
brought on by financial fenaggling.
And, perhaps, others may be thankful
for his intervention in the past-time
"Hanging Bee's" that were becoming
so popular during our "Hysteria No.
I." Oh, yes, there are other things
too, but like the good things, they
are buried.
No, I am not an idol worshipper, just
the opposite, a lot of our idolatry is
due for a rude awakening it seems.
Further, I am not angry at you at
all, just exercising one of the "Four
Freedoms" that my ears are dinning
with from the daily chatter of the
"raddio," and reading of the "Free
Press," am just trying my hand at it
to see how it works.
Sincerely yours,
Box 416, Whitefish, Mont.
Whitefish, Mont.,
February 8, 1946.
The People's Voice,
H. S. Bruce, Managing Editor,
Helena, Mont.
I don't think B. K. Wheeler or Sam
Ford are very smart but they have
pie that vote for them are dumber
than B. K. and Sam is to their
interests but as the old sayings go
long runs the fox but he gets caught
at last, but if the people don't wake
up right now and put all those fas
cists, naziists and notsies out of of
fice we will be in worse shape than
we are now and God knows
a hell of a shape right now. I think
we should use the recall on some of
those skunks, our congress and state
oy i
we are in
those whose incomes were less than
a thousand dollars a day. All in favor
of a poll tax say I. I-I-M. We have It.
What we need, shouted the dele
gate from Detroit is more business.
We've got to have more turnover,
more checks written and cancelled,
especially cancelled. I move that we
each sell 10,000 shares of stock and
buy 10,000 shares of some other stock.
This was done and then the radio
turned on to*get the report,
port said business was booming in the
counting houses but the effects had
not been felt in the eating houses.
There was sluggish thumping of ham
like hands against ham-like hands,
signifying half-hearted rejoicing over
the report.
The delegate from Chicago moved
that whereas
The re
'steen million dollars a day therefore
be it resolved that POA be asked to
up the price of soup 50 per cent. Loud
whoops and amens.
But the strike didn't end—just then.
The delegates of the Business Goes
Blowie convention sat stewing in a
stupefied stupor. The report came in
that International Stock Universal had
declined to one-eighth of one-quarter
of one cent per million of a thousand
dollars par per share.
This started real action,
mains but one thing to do," said the
There re
Gentlemen, we must write
bigger checks. They wrote out checks
aggregating 947 trillion dollars
able by themselves to themselves.
That looked like It out to start
something, so they decided to dine
Porterhouse and mushrooms,
rang for the waitresses.
There was
The waitresses
no answer,
The courtain startled down slowly.
Before it got down all the delegates
had starved to death, for not one of
them could do a useful thing, not
even cut a slice of bread.
were on
For information on Labor, Agriculture and Political
issues subscribe to The Voice. $2.00 per year.
The People's Voice, Box 838, Helena, Mont.
Hon. Pifflin' Piddlin' Pipsqueak
Interviews Himself
Your reporter found the Hon. Pifflin' Piddlin' Pip
| squeak in a pensive mood the other evening. He had just
j returned from Billings. "Nice little town," he said "won't
I be so nice if it keeps on growing. The boys there ought to
be satisfied with it as it is, build up a nice tourist busi
ness and support the Commercial club. Some of them are
quite all right, though. I called on three prominent at
torneys who are members of the Republican party to see
how they felt about Burt. Did my heart good to hear the
first one say Tm for him'." In fact, maybe they heard him
clear to Butte where I come from. "The next lad said 'Of
course, I'm for Burt. Always have been but, Judge, you
I know how it is. I've got my own political future to think
I about." So, I went on and saw this boy who used to be
I agin' Burt and heard: "Well," he said, "I may have to go
j along. Easiest way to elect Burt is to put up a straw man
I for him to knock down. We all know that. But, damn
j it, if I do, well, if I ever look at myself in a mirror I know
: it will crack right in two." The Hon. P. P. sighed and
turned away but was heard to observe it was safer to call
on some Republicans than on most Democrats when feel- |
j ing them out for Burt.
legislators about 80 per cent of them
are liars and of course cater to big
business as soon as we the people
elect them. Our job is finished then
they take over not as our servants
but as our masters and that is as it
should be as long as we the people
don't do anything about it only holler
Sam is a nice fellow, look at the nice
things he gives .us to drink and he
wants to put on a sales tax to edu
cate us and I think we need the edu
cation and B. K. wants to start an
other war with Russia to put the un
employed to work fighting their broth
ers and sisters of U.S.S.R. the only
country that has got real statesmen,
then B. K.'s company could get rid of
some more rotten wire. No wonder
Sam and B. K. travel together, sleep
in the same bed to save us taxpay
ers money and speak from the same
platform even if one is a Democrat
or should I say is supposed to be and
the other a Republican. It is all the
same, they both support the same rot
ten insane capitalist system that
breeds wars, crime and corruption and
can't exist without such.
They believe in states rights but not
in human rights. Congress is stalling
around to try and pass laws to stop
strikes just like pouring water on a
duck to drown it they haven't got the
guts or should I say brains to take
over one or two of those strike-bound
industries and forget to give them
back. I think that would do more to
curb strikes than anything else and
it will have to be done in the long
run anyway. I cant's see for the life
of me where President Truman got
the idea of giving our congressmen
any more of the salary he shouldn't
have tried to fool the people that way
because outside of themselves and big
business very few people think that
way. I heard a speaker say one time
that a radical was a person that knew
his rights and had guts enough to
fight for them. Lord give us more
radicals like Jesus. This speaker
wasn't a demagog or a reprobate
either one. Yes let us have B. K.
Wheeler on the straw vote and a few
good ones like Lief Erickson, The
People's Voice and the CIO commit
tee for political action is our only
hope for cleaning up this awful mess
we are in for the prostituted press
won't help us any. They aren't fit
to read unless a person can read be
tween the lines.
With best wishes, comradely your,
Helena, Montana,
February 9, 1946.
H. S. Bruce,
Editor of The People's Voice,
Helena, Montana.
Dear Bruce:
In dealing with the articles which
appear at various times in The Peo
ple's Voice written by various persons
on behalf of Senator Wheeler, who
are supporters of the senator for re
election this year, I believe it a very
weak policy by The People's Voice
to print such articles. These writers
are tools of Senator Wheeler and they
are defending B. K. Wheeler, a fas
cist man.
B. K. Wheeler never was for the la
bor nor for the farmers. B. K. Wheel
er bluffed the people in Montana in
early days. Wheeler has skinned the
miners in Butte, Mont., and A. C. M,
helped Wheeler to skin the miners
more until B. K. Wheeler made enough
money to build the Wheeler Hotel in
Butte, before he was elected for Unit
ed States senate in 1922.
It is now
called the Grand Hotel.
I have known B. K. Wheeler for
38 years. Wheeler came into Butte
about 1905 and I came to Butte in
We old-time miners that know B.
K. Wheeler well know that he is not
any good.
I denounced B. K. Wheeler in early
1917 and 1923 and I am continuing to
denounce him. I have never voted for
B. K. Wheeler.
Now it appears that The People's
Voice is opposed to Wheeler, and on
the other hand The People's Voice
printed such articles written by sup
porters of Wheeler.
People's Voice upsets all issues.
Now any newspaper who is opposed
to B. K. Wheeler for re-election should
not print such articles as one from
Deer Lodge, Mont, in 1945 and one
from Richey, Montana, in 1946. There
articles helped B. K. Wheeler.
Bruce you do what you like but
these articles harmed the opponents
of Senator Wheeler.
If you print such articles then the
people who are opposed to Wheeler
for re-election will say that the edi
Thereby The
tor of The People's Voice played two
Now it would be a very great shame
for the people of Montana to re-elect
Senator Wheeler who has defended
nazi spys.
The people must defeat Wheeler for
re-election this year.
We must work day and night to
defeat Wheeler this coming election.
W. D. Rankin and Sam Ford they
are supporters of Wheeler the isola
The people must wake up now and
open their eyes so that B, K. Wheeler
will not be able to fool the people any
It is most important that the labor
and farmers and rank and file of Re
publicans and Democrats present a
united front to oust Senator Wheeler
from the* United States senate this
(Editor's Note: The People's Voice
will do all it can to defeat Wheeler.
But it will keep its "Opinions of
Readers" column open, though your
argument against it has merit.)
Industry Plot—
(Continued from Page One)
agement obtained a temporary injunc
tion limiting pickets to 10 to a gate,
10 feet apart, after an agreement re
garding entrance of maintenance
workers had broken down. Jones &
Laughiin in Pittsburgh has asked for
a similar injunction.
The Pennsylvania supreme court
has agreed to hear union arguments
against the Homestead injunction on
February 11. According to Lee Press
man, general counsel for CIO and the
Steelworkers, the temporary injunc
tion was granted without testimony
and opportunity for examination of
He described the injunction as "a
serious departure from basic princi
ples of law and fairness" and said
that it is exactly the kind of evil
which the Norris-LaGuardia act and
the Pennsylvania anti-injunction act
were designed to prevent.
Legal Advertising
the District Court of the First
Judicial District, State of Montana,
in and for the County of
Lewis and Clark
No. 20024
ARD RUSSELL BUTLER, his wife, and
LER, as Executors and Trustees and
Executrix under the Last Will and
IF DECEASED, and all other persons
unknown, claiming^ or who might claim
any right, title, estate
or lien or encumbrance upon, the real
property described in the complaint, or
any thereof, adverse to plaintiff's own
ership, or any cloud upon plaintiff's
title thereto, whether such claim
possible claim be present or contingent,
including any claim or possible claim
of dower, inchoate or accrued,
You Are Hereby Summoned to answer
the complaint in this action which is
filed in the office of the Clerk of this
interest in,
Court, a copy of which is herewith
served upon you, and to file your an
swer and serve a copy thereof upon the
Plaintiff's attorney within twenty days
after the service of this Summons, ex
clusive of the day of service; and in
case of your failure to appear or an
swer, judgment will be taken against
you by default for the relief demanded
in the Complaint.
This action is brought for the pur
pose of quieting the title to the East
1 foot of Lot 2 and all of Lots 3, 4, 5
and 6 in Block 35 of the Lenox Addi
tion to the City of Helena, County of
Lewis and Clark, State of Montana.
Witness my hand and seal of said
Court, this 26th day of January, 1946.
for Plaintiff. Helena, Montana.
Pubi. Feb. 8, 15. 22, and March 1. 1946.
undersigned, administrator of the
estate of Costantino Caboara. deceased,
to the creditors of and all persons hav
ing claims against the said deceased,
to exhibit them with the necessary
vouchers, within four months after the
first publication of his notice, to the
said Waiter G. Samson, administrator
at Law Offices of Anderson and Brooke.
Courthouse, Helena, Montana, the same
being the place- for the transaction of
the business of said estate in the Coun
ty of Lewis and Clark.
Administrator of the Estate of
Costantino Caboara, Deceased.
Dated January 25, 1946.
for Estate, Helena, Montana.
Publ. Jan. 25. Feb. 1, 8, 16, 1946

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