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COMM. FORMED TO AID STRIKERS A preliminary organizing committee of sponsors today announced the form ation of a United Labor committee to aid UAW-G.M. strikers. The sponsors of the committee are: Elmer Brown, vice president, Inter national Typographical Union, Indian apolis, Indiana. James B. Carey, secretary-treasurer, CIO, Washington, D. C. David Dubinsky, president, Interna tional Ladies Garment Workers Un ion, A. F. of L., New York City. Allan Haywood, vice president and director of organization, CIO, Wash ington, D. C. Sal B. Hoffman, president, Uphol sterers »International Union of North America, A. P. of L., Philadelphia, Pa. Prank McGrath, president, United Shoe Workers of America, CIO. Milton Murray, president, American Newspaper Guild, CIO, Washington, D. C. A. Philip Randolph, president, Broth erhood of Sleeping Car Porters, A. P. of L., New York City. Emil Rieve, president, Textile Work ers Union of America, CIO, New York City. Samuel Wolchok, president, United Retail, Wholesale and Department Store Employees of America, CIO, New York City. Zaritsky, president, Interna tional Union, United Hatters Cap and Millinery Workers, A. F. of L., New York City. The sponsors stated that the pur pose of the committee is to rally the full support of organized labor behind the UAW-CIO's strike to persuade General Motors corporation to comply with the laws of the land and with long-accepted collective bargaining Ma practices. FCA DOES BILLION DOLLAR BUSINESS Farmers and their co-operative asso ciations used more than a billion dol lars in credit extended by the Farm Credit administration in the year end ed December 31, 1945, I. W. Duggan, governor of the Farm Credit adminis tration, reports, "The year was marked by a big demand for production credit, by con tinuing large repayments on the prin cipal of farm mortgage loans, and by the largest volume of farm mortgage loans closed since 1936," Mr. Duggan stated. Financing crop and livestock pro duction accounted for the biggest val ume of FCA loans in the year totaling $617,204,790, Mr. Duggan said, largest amount of this financing was through the nationwide system of pro duction credit associations. While the number of loans made by the PSA's in the year decreased compared with the previous year, the volume was $516,115.670 compared with $490,476, 633 for 1944. The emergency crop and feed loan offices loaned $16,952,105, the regional agricultural credit corpo ration $9,646,461, and the Federal In termediate Credit banks, besides fur nishing funds to the Production Cred it associations, discounted agricultural paper for privately capitalized financ ing institutions amounting to $74,490, 554. The Farmers' buying, selling and serv icing co-operatives obtained $361,915, 040 in credit from the FCA. Of this amount, the 13 banks for co-operatives extended credit totaling $361,255,040 and the Agricultural Marketing Act Revolving fund $660,000. The 12 federal land bank and the local national farm loan associations handled 41,909 long-term farm mort gage loans totaling $122,448,397 made for the land banks and the Federal Farm Mortgage corporation. This com pared with 38,845 loans and $105,292, 360 in 1944. "Despite this large volume of new farm mortgage credit written, repay ments on loans made in prior years, totaling $349,110,210 reduced the FCA's volume of outstanding farm mortgage loans to $1,255,984,000," Mr. Duggan said. Loans to veterans and those still in the service were given major at tention in the year and accounted for $2,424,525 in long-term farm mortgage loans, and $5,646,180 in production credit association loans in the year. MVA-Postmortem (Continued from Page One) D'Ewart went to congress. A postmortem on the MVA points up some valuable lessons, or at least should. It is one thing to say that the opposition had plenty of money. They obviously did. But one thing they did not have, the power to intim idate everybody into discreet silence. This process is an old pattern in Mon tana. It doesn't seem to work any more. As a new cpmer to Montana, this writer feels that it isn't true what they say about Montana: people can actually say what they think in this state. The MVA was a good thing for Montana democracy: it showed that there was some of it left in this state; an explosive lot of it, as a matter of fact. That is why the opposition threw dead cats around so frantically. They were afraid. This fact is the most hopeful augury for the future of the MVA idea and for Montana politics. The boys stood up, most of them, and were counted. The opposition have the governor, at least they have the present one. They have a senator and a congressman. (What strange com pany Wheeler keeps!) They have the Montana Power company and the Northern Pacific railroad and the woolgrowers' association, and Fred Bennion, and Montanans, Inc., to name a few. There is a sense in which one "knows" an idea by the enemies It makes! WORLD GONGRESS MAY BE HELD IN AMERICA The International Co-operative Al liance is making plans to hold its first worldwide post-war congress in Sep tember but has delegated power to the executive committee to postpone the meeting to 1947 if necessary. In vitations have been extended by the co-operative movement of Czechoslo vakia to hold the congress in Prague and by the Co-operative League of the United States of America to hold the sessions in the United States. Co-operative News reported that it would be advantageous to hold the congress in the United States ''because delegates would have the opportunity to visit co-operative oil well; and see for themselves the extent of the co operative challenge to the large and powerful oil trusts." The Australian Co-operative Federa tion was accepted into membership in the alliance but applications of six co-operative organizations in Argen tina were held for further investiga tion. by the Migros Co-operative Federa tion of Switzerland was rejected. The alliance will investigate the co-opera tives in Italy, Germany, Austria and Japan before readmitting them membership. The The application for admission to RESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION CREDIT ASSURED Further assurance that credit would be adequate for financing residential construction throughout the United States was provided today by the Re construction Finance corporation, Leon E. Choquette, manager of the Helena Loan agency said today. Announcement R.P.C. board of directors, at a recent meeting, had extended the protection of the R.F.C. Blanket Participation agreement with banks to include loans made by banks to contractors or other business enterprises interested building residences. in Under the B.P.A. plan, R.F.C., effect, makes available to approved banks a guarantee up to 75 per cent of any business loan which meets the requirements of the agreement. Since its inception last March, the plan has been applicable to various kinds of business loans made by participating banks. not been available for loans to tractors and other business enterpris ers for residential construction. Until now, however, it had con As of December 31, 1945, more than 1,200 loans to business enterprises of many types and sizes had been auth orized under the B.P.A. plan, loans aggregated more than $58 mil lions, and individual These loans ranged from $240 to $350,000, established the maximum for any individual loan an approved bank might make under the agreement. The program was in augurated in March. In the last three months of the year more loans, both in number and in aggregate amount authorized, were made than during the first six months, ended September 30, 1945. as This accelerated rate 1s con tinuing. 340 additional loans were authorized under B.P.A. agreements, totaling ap proximately $16 millions. The action is part of a government al program in which R.F.C. is partic ipating to hasten the reconversion of the nation and its productive capa city from a wartime to a peacetime basis. In this program R.F.C. is con centrating on the problem of assuring adequate credit through banks to take care of returning veterans, anxious to establish their own businesses, and to provide for the credit needs of small business establishments which .frequently need loans of longer matur ity than commercial banks ordinarily extend. During January more than An example of commercial banking reaction to the modification of the R. F.C. Blanket Participation agreement plan is contained in a letter from the president of a Midwestern bank to Charles B. Henderson, chairman of the R.F.C. board. The letter states: "We want you to know that we con sider this amendment of your regula tions a most friendly gesture towards Î Ship to the Open Competitive Market j I I Through your own agency The Farmers Union Live Stock Commission Company So. St. Paul, Minn., West Fargo, N.D., Billings, Mont. WHERE There is buyer competition. Livestock is sold on it's own merits. Livestock is well sold. Livestock is well handled. Livestock is in safe hands. Other livestock producers, like yourself, realize the advantage of group action over individual efforts. Shippers to this, your own agency ! The Farmers Union Live Stock Commission Company I I I So. St. Paul, Minn., West Fargo, N.D., Billings, Mont. and shippers to all other Farmers Union agencies in the Mississippi Valley are all working together for their mutual benefit. IN CO-OPERATION THERE IS STRENGTH PACKINGHOUSE WORKERS FIGHTING FOR DECENT LIVING, FARMER LEARNS By HOMER AYRES In National Union Farmer (Mr. Ayres is a Farmers Union member at Zeona, S. D., and is a del egate to the coming national con vention.) Few ranchers there are who have not visited the packing houses and seen the endless lines of hogs and cat tle turn into meat. We used to make a visit through the packing plants part of our annual trip to market each fall. But few indeed are the shippers of stock who have seen the packing house workers when they are on the picket lines—on strike. It is not a cheerful thing to see. Anyone who says that packinghouse workers strike just for the fun of it is simply off the beam. It was nearly midnight in Chicago when we got off the Ashland car near the plant of one of the Big Five. For a long ways up and down the street on could see the coke fires of the pickets, oil oil barrels converted into open-air stoves. Chicago weather is raw and mean and the cold penetrat ed our legs and made us wish we had pulled on another pair of pants. Just See Steaks Go By The strikers stand guard at each gate and walk round and round, day and night in four-hour shifts. The group we talked to were suspicious at first and then became very friendly when they learned we were friends. We said, "we are people who also work for the packers, at the other end, raising the stock, and that some times prices go so low that hundreds of ranchers had to fold up." They were interested to learn that the big packers were large feeders of live stock too. But we wanted to know how living conditions were for the workers, how much they got in wages, and how much it cost them to live. "How much T-bone steak do you fellows eat?" one of us ventured. "We just see it go by, that's for folks that's got money. I'm on the beef kill," one of them said, "and I've handled lots of good meat but we can't afford to eat much of it ourselves." Rent Is High Rent is high too, 40 bucks for two little rooms. Eggs are 70 cents at the stores, the same eggs farm wom en took two bits for. Coppers stood around too, more cops than pickets nearly. But they had warm clothes. City workers don't have the scotch caps, choppers mitts and wool pants they wear in the coun try. Some pickets wore the long white coats they used in the packing houses for overcoats. The strike headquarters was hum ming even at midnight. Herbert March, the district strike leader, sat with his ear glued to the telephone. A strike is a big proposition in organ ization. The men have little to fall back on after the loss of a week's pay. The families have to be ted and meals have to be taken to the picket lines for the strikers. The Catholic Bishop Shiel of Chicago organized the Back of the Yards Council of about 200,000 people in support of the strike. Emil Loriks Speaks On Sunday night, the first week aft er the strike a large meeting was held in the Ashland auditorium to hear the small business and an effective dem onstration of the fact that small busi ness and small banks can receive from your corporation and the administra tion the kind of help they need in meeting the problems arising from the conversion to a peacetime basis. As evidence of the effectiveness of the amendment to the Blanket Participa tion agreement, we are glad to advise we can immediately put into effect several construction programs which we have had under consideration, but which had been delayed because of the difficulty in arranging financing for the contractors." The bank president added that the new projects, to be financed under the plan, were expected within a short time to develop 575 residences in the city where the bank operates. i report of the strike's progress. Many different national unions were repre sented. Farm Equipment, Electrical, Steel. But the representative that cheered the packinghouse workers most was Emil Lorlks, of the National Farmers Union. He brought greetings not only from the Farmers Union but from the A.F.L. of South Dakota. Lo riks told the workers how the farm ers had to strike one time and picket ed the highways when prices were so low we burned grain and stock didn't pay the freight. "We know out there that farm prices go down when wages go down," he said. "This is our fight as well as yours." Paul Robeson, one of America's greatest artists of stage and screen appeared on the platform for the strik ers. He is singing everywhere for the underprivileged. He said that he told his managers that if his concert work interfered with his help with the strug gles he would have to quit the con certs when things got very hot. Undoubtedly by the time this story gets to the reader the government will be operating the packinghouses. But the packers are bent on keeping their war-time profits. They want to break price control and hold down wages. The Big Four, even after excess prof its taxes, have made two and a half times as much as in pre-war days. Labor productivity has increased* 17 per cent since '41. seven cents out of every dollar the packer pays out. The packinghouse workers have struck for a 30 per cent wage in crease and have offered to go back to work for 17 per cent and arbitrate the rest. Packing is one of the lowest paid industries in America, workers left during the war for other Labor cost only many As Simple As One, Two, Three I ! FIRST: A Co-operative pays the same taxes as profit making enterprises —property taxes, licensing taxes, occupational taxes and all other legitimate taxes, SECOND: Co-operatives don't pay income taxes because all of their in come, above expenses, goes back to patrons in the form of patron age dividends. Patrons pay personal tax on these dividends. Co operatives don't pay taxes on the patron's savings because Co-ops are set up not to make a "profit" but to give service at cost. THIRD: Corporations would not have to pay income taxes if they dis tributed their earnings in the same manner, to the people who sold through or bought from the corporation. f This space provided by the following Co-operatives: FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Great Falls, Montana of Geyser, Montana FARMERS UNION SUPER SERVICE EQUITY CO-OPERATIVE ASSOC! \TION of Chinook, Montana of Brady, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY FARMERS UNION OIL & SUPER SERVICE STATION of Peerless, Montana of Glasgow, Montana POWER FARMERS ELEVATOR COMPANY FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Williston, North Dakota of Power, Montana FARMERS UNION GRAIN COMPANY EQUITY CO-OPERATIVE ASSN. OF HARLEM of Poplar, Montana Branch Stations in Hogeland and Turner, Montana FARMERS UNION CO-OP CREAMERY Chinook, Montana FARMERS UNION LIVE STOCK COMMISSION CO. Union Stock Yards FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY South St. Paul, Minn. Billings, Montana Roy, Montana Chas. D. Egley, Manager WINIFRED FARMERS OIL COMPANY Winifred, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY ' FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY Lewlstown, Montana of Glendive, Montana FARMERS UNION CO-OP DAIRYMEN'S ASSN. FARMERS UNION TRADING COMPANY of Ravalli County, Stevensville, Montana of Fairview, Montana FARMERS UNION ELEVATOR COMPANY FARMERS UNION EXCHANGE of Belt, Montana Kalispell, Montana FARMERS UNION MERCANTILE COMPANY EDUCATIONAL CO-OPERATIVE PUBLISHING CO. of Dodson, Montana of Helena, Montana FARMERS UNION ELEVATOR COMPANY FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Valier, Montana of Plentywood, Montana FARMERS UNION ELEVATOR COMPANY THE FARMERS UNION of Chinook, Montana In Froid, Montana FARMERS UNION GRAIN COMPANY FARMERS UNION ELEVATOR AND OIL CO. of Peerless, Montana of Pendroy, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Wolf Point, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Joplin, Montana FARMERS UNION ELEVATOR COMPANY FARMERS UNION CO-OP OIL COMPANY of Rudyard, Montana of Richey, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY FARMERS UNION ELEVATOR COMPANY of Opheim, Montana of Joplin, Montana FARMERS UNION ELEVATOR COMPANY FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Hinsdale, Montana of Circle, Montana FARMERS UNION ELEVATOR COMPANY FARMERS UNION TRADING COMPANY Wolf Point, Montana of Butte, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Havre, Montana of Flaxville, Montana EQUITY CO-OPERATIVE ASSOCIATION FARMERS UNION GRAIN & SUPPLY COMPANY of Geraldine, Montana Billings, Montana FARMERS UNION TRADING COMPANY THE FARMERS CO-OP OIL & SUPPLY CO. of Richey, Montana of Conrad, Montana fields. This was the cause of the glut last November in hogs which resulted in the farmers taking a licking. Some workers made more money during the war through overtime, getting to be a thing of the past. They want a guarantee of at least 40 hours a week. The packinghouse workers want the farmers to know their story. They have printed thousands of leaflets ap pealing to the farmers for support, giv ing their side of the story. They have agreed to kill for farmers in co-oper ative plants, gratis, so people won't go without meat. It is the packers' profits they are after, not the farm ers. But this is Natl. Co-ops Plan— (Continued from Page One) procurement of consumers and voca tional (production) supplies and serv ices. We endorse and encourage the development of marketing co-opera tives by farm producers and will seek friendly working relations with them. 2. This conference agrees that the national organization should have a single board and a single staff under one executive. 3. This conference recommends that National Co-operatives be the agency for carrying out, through departments or subsidiaries, the purposes intended. Among these purposes are education and promotion, business operations and finance. 4. This conference recommends that education be recognized as an essen tial function, and that adequate provi sion be made for financing it. 5. This conference recommends that the board of National Co-operatives be asked to appoint a committee at once to create the organizational and fi nancial plans for carrying out the above purposes and that the commit tee so appointed be asked to complete its work and report back as soon as possible. THE PEOPLE'S VOICE • It ia owned by organized farmers and organized labor. 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