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THE PEOPLE'S VOICE
Publlshed weekly by The People's Voice Publishing Co. at 1205 Lockey Street, Helena, Montana Phone 26-J P. O. Box 838 H. S. BRUCE, Managing Editor Entered as Second Class Matter December 7, 1939 at the Post Office at Helena, Montana, under the Act of March 3, 1879. CO., HELENA CO-OP PUB. Subscription Price; $2.00 Year; Trial Subscription: Five Months $1.00 No Commercial Advertising except from Co-operative Business institutions accepted. Rates on application. Shot Guu Wedding'' Breakup .. or Reports indicate that the "shot-gun wedding of the bureau of reclamation and the army engineers, from which issued the called "Pick-Sloan" plan for the development of the Missouri river and its basin, is showing definite signs of breaking up. Presumably, when the divorce action becomes complete, the grounds on which it is made effective will be "incompatibility. And it will occasion no surprise. Perhaps it will not be a cause for surprise even to the "Inter agency Committee" which was and is supposed to be the co ordinating advisory board, set up presumably, to adjudicate all differences between the two federal agencies. To be sure, in view of the great love between the reclamation and the army engineers, publicized so extensively, following the supposed amalgamation of the two plans for the Missouri, there appeared little need for the board. Everything was so rosy and sweet in the relations between the two corps of engineers, if one ac cepted the widespread publicity as factual. The work of co ordinated development of the Missouri was to go right ahead; there was no need for any centralized authority to get the job of co-ordinated development under way and carried through. However, the stress of the importance of this co-ordinated development by the proponents of a Missouri Valley Author ity, and the failure of the Pick-Sloan plan to provide for many things which are essential to development of a river region caused the two love-birds, the reclamation and army engineers to begin to send out new amplifications of the original plan. They had suddenly discovered that along with flood control and irrigation, the people of the region were interested in the maximum development of hydro-electric power, and in such so sidelines as recreational facilities, game life generally, reforestation and soil conservation and other features related to co-ordinated development. Moreover, the people of the region began to question the advisability of the construction only of the tremendously large reservoirs on the main stream and if it would not be more practical to begin har nessing and controlling the waters nearer their source and by a fc series of smaller reservoirs on the tributaries increase the fa cilities of handling the waters and the potentials of hydro-elec tric power generation. So the i-eclamation bureau as an afterthought came out with a multi-colored map, showing a number of small dams on the tributaries of the Missouri which had been absent from the Pick-Sloan plan and still are. And the army engineers whose original plans called for no power development, suddenly be came "power conscious." And now they are talking develop ment of power too, in connection with their plans for flood control. This is all to the good, of course, but as stated before, the end of the shot-gun wedding honeymoon seems to have been reached. One of the features on which the reclamation and the army engineers had definitely disagreed, prior to the shot-gun wedding, was the Garrison dam. Since the joining of the plans of the two agencies required some horse-trading, it was only natural that some compromises be made on the Garrison dam question. So the final conclusion was that it was to be built, but 20 feet higher than originally planned. Then they pointed with pride to the fine spirit of co-operation that had been de veloped by the two agencies. But late in January, reclamation bureau asked that the subcommittee of the appropriations committee hold a closed session and they appeared before it then and asked it to cut the appropriation down so as to provide for elimination of the 20 feet increase in height of the Garrison dam. It is reasonable to suspect that the army engineers will not be too pleased with this effort of the reclamation chiefs to take a sneak punch at them. It is possible that the interagency committee may have dis covered that an authority is pretty badly needed. Credence is lent to this belief by a letter from the governor of Nebraska, written to Dan Whetstone, the editor of the Cut Bank Pioneer Press. This letter, printed in the February 22d issue of that paper reads as follows : GOVERNOR OF NEBRASKA ADVOCATES AUTHORITY FOR INTER-AGENCY Mr. Dan Whetstone, Republican National Committeeman, Cut Bank, Montana. Dear Dan : I enjoyed very much hearing from you and I trust the world is treating you well. The only recent statement of mine relative to the Missouri river which might be construed as a compromise on MVA is included in a recent talk I made before the Nebraska recla mation association. In that, I suggested that the Missouri River Inter-Agency committee be made an official statutory body with certain authority, whereas at the present time, it is en tirely unofficial and advisory. I also stated that ultimately when the construction work is finished and the water resources are being pretty much used, it will be necessary to have some authoritative body to decide what is to be done with the water in case we have a series of dry years. When water is plentiful perhaps no one will be needed to issue orders but the time will come when it will be an absolute necessity. I don't think that is any immediate problem, but perhaps 10 or 12 years from now, we might be worrying. With kind regards and all best wishes, I remain, Sincerely yours. DWIGHT GRISWOLD. It is quite clearly evident that the able editor of the Pioneer Press must have noticed some yielding on the part of some members of the Interagency Committee or other opponents of the MVA, on the question of an authority, and had asked the Nebraska governor about it. The governor's answer requires no comment. He admits the desirability of an integrating authority. It is, of course, natural that he wants the Interagency Committee on w'hich he and oth er representatives from his state hold positions. It might, how ever, be remarked that it is questionable whether a committee made up as is the Interagency Committee would be much more efficient than the chiefs of the two competitive government agencies would be. In the long pull, the representatives from each of the states would be doing everything in their power to bring advantages to their respective states, utterly disre garding the welfare of the region as a whole. After all, it is one river and one region. No one state in the region is entitled to primary consideration of its interests, if co-ordinated, inte grated development is to be attained. Should the Interagency Committee secure official recognition as an authority, we'll see a lot of wrangling and very little progress in development. The "Straw Vote I * 1 While the number of ballots received in the straw vote con ducted by The Voice for the last two weeks is not large, a sur vey of the ballots received up to the present time shows some from most of the counties in the state, and they are still com mg in. The results will be tabulated and reported in next week's issue. Qwertyuiop! If you've wondered why it Human beings are contrary, often seems hard to get them to accept a new idea—just con sider the typewriter used to bat out this editorial. The keyboard of our typewriter, says Commander August Dvorak of the navy (who has developed a new one), is horribly inefficient. It has too many vowels in one wrong place, too many consonants in another It requires too much finger motion between the rows of keys. It overloads our left hand, and over works all our fingers. Yes, it's an outrage ! And to prove it Dvorak trained a girl on his scientific keyboard. She could do 180 words a minute. Previous world's speed record was 149. What happened? NOTHING. During the war Dvorak tried again. He trained 14 girls. In four months their production increased 74 per cent, accuracy 68 per cent. What happened then? NOTHING Now Dvorak is trying to get Uncle Sam to adopt his key board. And he's having troubles. Why? Why do people refuse to adopt a typewriter key board that is PROVED better? For one thing, there are 5,000,000 typewriters in the Unit ed States, more than that many typists. Typing schools and text books are keyed to the present board (devised by Christopher Sholes, inventor of the first Remington machine back in 1874). And to change keyboards on 5,000,000 typewriters would cost $12,500,000. To retrain 5,000,000 typists— Well, you see how it is? WE'VE managed to get this piece finished without going to school again!—(Philadelphia Rec ord.) FROM EDITORIAL COLUMNS Gone Aüain r Our itinerant governor has gone again, this time to Topeka, Kansas, to fight MVA in behalf of power interests. He seems infinately more interested in serving the power interests than in serving the people of the state who pay his salary and furn ish him a mansion in which to live free of rent. Again for the Nth time Lieutenant-Governor Eaton has been called to Helena to serve as governor while our governor is on a junket. Why not stay in Montana, governor, long enough to get acquainted with the needs of the state? You have been so far off in your predictions of the wonderful growth of the state that possibly Montana fares better in your absence. We still remember the roseate view of the state's growth and industrial development in your speech in Billings a few months ago. We could not follow you, governor, but take the view that Montana has been held back by your opposing every move that would bring industrial development to our state. The record sustains our views. This week a census was announced over the radio and it places the population at about 454,000, aloss of about 105,000 since the 1940 census which gave Montana 559,456, and a loss of nearly 100,000 since 1920. So instead of the governor's prediction of Montana going forward, it unfortunately is going backward. A resume comparing the population trend in Montana and that of the United States during the last 25 years will show the following, giving United States first, Montana second: Population between 1920 and 1930, gain 16 per cent; Mon tana, loss of over two per cent. Population between 1930 and 1940, gain 7 1/3 per cent; Montana, 4 per cent (mostly in Billings and Missoula). Population between 1920 and 1945 (25 years) 32*4 per cent; Montana loss of 18 per cent. Governor, you seem to have a poor sense of direction, as you can not distinguish between forward and backward. Any way, governor, we wish you a pleasant visit in Topeka. Do not hurry back. Take your time and enjoy yourself, as Montana can get along as well, if not better, without you. When you return, if ever, those who drink wish you would bring back a supply of drinkable liquor instead of the hog wash you are selling them.—The Yellowstone. Liiderstandin O' O We are all glad that the wave of strikes throughout the country is subsiding. But for one reason it is too bad. The strikes were great instructors. More people know more about labor and management than ever knew before. It was becom ing increasingly difficult to class all labor unions as ogres and al big employers as sweet-scented good fairies. Throughout the nation there has been a growing understanding favorable to labor, and many communities have revamped their former stand based on misconception and lack of information. For in stance, in Schnectady, N. Y., and Homestead, Penn., the citi zens and mayors and city councils and chambers of commerce and service clubs and other civic organizations have been work ing 100 per cent with the strikers, even to the extent of taking their places on the picket lines. And in many places in the East the organized farmers have been showing a like spirit and sup plying the strikers with all kinds of eatables from the farms. In Tom River, N. J., the Farmers Union egg producers' co operative association sent the strikers 360 dozen fresh eggs with a message that they would continue to do so every week, and said: "We know that your fight is our fight. If your in comes are cut our markets will be cut too ; and if your unions are weakened our co-ops will be weakened too. It does not take much of a stretch of the imagination to conceive that this mounting revulsion of public sentiment and understanding had a great deal to do with the sudden decision of big industry to make reasonable terms and postpone to a future date their project of busting union labor. A good many years ago the railroads found it expedient to discard their slo gan of "to hell with the public," but there are still some indus tries which are not so wise. An informed public is difficult to hoodwink forever.—Capital Press (Ore.). The Atomic Bomb Delusion Mr. Byrnes' statements with respect to the atomic bomb are reassuring, but in an anesthetic and seductive way. Discussing the possibility that important atomic secrets have leaked out through a spy ring operating in Canada, the secre tary of state tells a press conference that this country has a monopoly on essential production "know-how." While Canada and Great Britain were partners in cer tain phases of the project, he says, they never really shared the technological formulas and techniques by which the atomic bombs were finally produced. Thus American fears are eased a bit for the implication OPINIONS OF READERS Publications of communications under this heading, does not imply that The Voice agrees or disagrees with the opinions expressed. Let ters submitted for this department should be brief and the subject mat ter discussed to some degree at least, objectively, ters will receive no consideration for publication. Names will be with held on request. Anonymous let Joliet, Montana, Feb. 18, 1946. Editor People's Voice, Helena, Montana. Dear Editor: Being the Democrat state commit teeman from this county know I should not be such," I don't suppose I am out of the way in ex pressing my views on the coming sen atorial contest as I see it. First, I don't believe Senator Wheel er would be hard to defeat if the Re publicans would not vote the Demo cratic ticket in the primary. But un less there is plenty of competition on the Republican ticket the most of them will vote the Democratic ticket and vote for Senator Wheeler. The Republican nazi, and England haters will vote for Wheeler. I heard one of the leading Repub licans in this section of the state just after Wheeler was elected the last time, he voted for Wheeler because he felt he could do the administration more harm than any other person that could be sent to Washington. Many Republicans feel as though they owe Senator Wheeler a vote for the benefit he has done their party, and I haven't seen where he has tried to help any one else of late. As to the various candidates. I see little use to exchange Senator Wheel er for Mr. Lamey from the viewpoint of would 'while I not be subject to the attacks of the A.C.M. press and could get more in their papers as to what he had to say than the other candidates. In regard to Justice Erickson I be lieve he would make Montana an ex cellent senator but he is the only one who is not a former war veteran and would be more subject to all kinds of lies than any of the other candidates, and I doubt if any man can win with the solid objection of all Montana pa pers. Some may say Montana's Demo cratic national committeeman owns the Great Falls Tribune. Yes and he knifçd Leo Grabill and boosted- Westie D'Ewart for congress and I believe he will any one who runs indorsing a MVA. Of course being a war veteran has not prevented the gang who admit they murdered the American soldier to steal the people's money from branding a' veteran as being a Red. And that is principally what defeated Mr. Grabill. I have had people tell me that highway patrolman whom our governor was going! to take out of politics were campaigning in Red Lodge before, the special congression al election that Leo Grabill was a Red. And Governor Ford's liquor control sent out statements that Leo Graybill was a decidedly dry and would likely work to make the nation dry, but their friend Weslie D'Ewart would not mo lest the liquor business regardless of how it went. "Nice stuff for a nice little dry governor ha? I am a member of the American Le gion and have been most of the time since it was formed, also a member of the V. P. W. I as well as many more wonder why the American Legion can put out so much stuff about Hitlerism un-Americanism, dictatorism, etc. and can set around and never whimper about certain officials of the A. C. M. acknowledging they were murder ing soldiers to steal the people's mon is that Canada, having never possessed the basic atomic "know how," could not have lost that precious product of experience and research to foreeign agents. Such assurances have an anesthetic quality because they inevitably tend to full the American people into a false sense of security. They perpetuate the idea of an atomic bomb monopoly which has been lodged by destiny in the United States, and which gives us some permanent and ineradicable advantage all other nations in the turning out of future instruments over of war. But the painful truth is that this advantage promises to be fleeting, evanescent thing wjiich will vanish completely with in the foreseeable future. Thus there is scarcely an atomic scientist of repute who does not expect Russia to be producing atomic bombs within five and in most cases the-estimates run much lower. Some a years authorities believe that the Soviet Union is already in posses sion of all the basic information needed for production, and may even now be turning out atomic bombs. And the estimates which place the life of this country's atomic bomb monopoly at less than three years are too numerous to mention. So Mr. Byrnes' soothing remarks about our exclusive pos session of this "know-how" should not invite Americans to smugness, nor persuade them that their future safety rests in which is obviqusly the thinnest margin of advantage. If the secretary of state had been disposed to discuss the matter in more realistic vein, he might have said : "The United States has a monopoly on atomic 'know-how' so far as we can ascertain at this moment. But there is a remote possibility that Russia is already producing atomic bombs, and there is a practical certainty that the so-called 'secrets' of pro duction will be widely shared within from three to five years. The idea that we can retain our present advantage for any great length of time is dangerously insupportable and if we per sist in that delusion, we shall build our security on the most treacherous foundations." If Mr. Byrnes had said that it would have been plain enough that the only answer to the awesome riddle posed by the atomic pomb is international control and a world order based on peace secured through co-operative action. But any sense of national security that stems from the idea of a permanently maintained "know-how" monopoly is a snare and a delusion. To assure Americans that they have such a monopoly is to feed them pleasant pap. For the hard fact is that there are no atomic "secrets" now that are not soon destined to become the common property of other nations. Minneapolis Tribune. I Hon. Pifflin' Piddlin' Pipsqueak Praises Wheeler ! Your reporter found the Hon. Pifflin' Piddlin' Pip squeak bent over his portable typewriter, busily writing what seemed to be a brief. On inquiry it turned out to be a letter to the Billings Gazette in defense of the Hon. Senior Senator from Montana. Your reporter remarked neither he nor anyone else could get a letter printed in the Billings Gazette unless he paid full advertising rates. "That so," said the Hon. P. P. That so. Well, darned good rule. Keeps people from talking about things they had bet ter leave to us boys. Yes, sir. We, and of course, I mean the boys at Butte, know what's good for them. But what I can't understand is why so many people hate B. K.? He is a good, thrifty lad. People like to see a man get ahead. Look at B. K. One of the richest men in the state. And he sent all his kids away to good schools, too. Not just Montana schools. No sir. Not on your life. B. K.'s kids got to go to the best in the country. You wouldn't expect a big man like B. K. to send his children to school in Mon tana, would you?" i « I « i ! ey. And this same A. C. M. can own and control almost all of our news, band one of your members a Red if he is not a tool or subservient of them. They cannot say they don't play politics for Governor Ford was called into the Livingston Post just before the last election the home-town of our present state commander to make a political talk which was given wide publicity through our press as to what he was going to do. I as well as many more say we should join in with the Farmers Un ion and Senator Murray in asking for more fairness in news that pertains to Montana and not play in with a bunch who will brand such people as Reds. Who asked for a fair publica tion of news, and candidates state ments. I don't believe the Billings Ga zette is any fairer than Goebbles would have been in putting out news, or to destroy someone who does not go their way. I hate to see it but my opinion is if the American Legion doesn't get this copper-collar off from around its neck it will choke them to death. I don't believe any person can show a similar condition in any state in the Union, namely where a certain com pany owns or controls practically all our press .news and that same com pany is owned and controlls much of our essential things. Respectfully, P. O. Box 126, Joliet, Montana. To the veteran organizations, I don't see where we are playing politics by demanding fair and publication of political candidates or statements or a. w. RICE. "STATES' RIGHTS" NOT INFRINGED TVA Has Co-operated With The States and Strengthened, Rather Than Weakened, Their Functions. One of the cardinal principles of the TVA development has been co-opera tion with states and local agencies and the people they represent. The fact that TVA headquarters are in the re gion, rather than in Washington, en courages sharing of responsibility be tween the agencies of the states and the TVA. The desuits are reflected in statements published in the St. Louis, Mo., POST-DISPATCH of December 31, 1944, from the governors of the seven Tennessee Valley states; Governor Prentice Cooper, of Ten nessee: "... I can say that the rights of this state and its citizens, far from being restricted or violated by activi ties of this federal agency, have been subjects that pertains to Montana such as the MVA. Bozeman, Montana, February 27, 1946. Editor People's Voice, Helena, Montana. Dear Cap: After carefully scrutinizing the list of proposed candidates listed in last week's issue of your valuable paper, I am sorry to say that I cannot send in my vote as no one named in the list has a Chinaman's chance of de feating Sen. Burton K. Wheeler in the primary election of July. In fact it would take the combined vote of all those candidates to turn the trick. So, my Dear Cap you had better get busy at once and make up another slate of candidates. When you get the name of one man who can do the trick I shall be happy to send you my ballot. Until that moment I will as so many Republicans have done in past years, string along man placed his political future in jeopardy when he took his gallant stand against the packing of the United States supreme court. Any man who can in Montana poll more votes than Roosevelt could at the very peak of his popularity is plenty good enough for me, your mighty editorials to the contrary not withstanding. Already a Republican Burton K. Wheeler club is being organized here. A similar Republican Murray club was formed not long ago and elected Jim Murray. At the present moment those same Republicans are not bragging about having performed that little chore but are somewhat ashamed at having done it. So, Cap get up another list for I want to vote. Very sincerely yours, FRED M. ARMSTRONG. enlarged through enriched opportuni ties." Gov. J. Melville Broughton, of North Carolina: "I am a strong believer ii. states' rights, but TVA has done noth ing which to my mind embodies any threat to the rights of this state." Gov. Colgate W. Darden Jr., of Vir ginia: "TVA operations in Virginia have not resulted in any encroachment on states' rights." Gov. Simeon S. Willis, of Kentucky: "There is no reason why TVA should not be able to operate without en croaching on states' rights. The idea underlying the regional valley author ity is sound, and it is perfectly reason able for state and federal governments to work together . . ." Gov. Chauncey M. Sparks, of Ala bama: "Conducted as it has been con ducted, with vision and regard for lo cal agencies, it has made a tremendous contribution to public welfare." Gov. Thomas L. Bailey, of Missis sippi; "I do not feel that the role played by this federal agency in Mis sissippi has constituted any encroach ment on our state rights." Gov. Ellis Arnall, of Georgia: "The only complaint I have regarding TVA is that its influence has not permeat ed this state further . . . There has been no encroachment on states' rights . . ." Working It Out— (Contlnned from Page One) understanding the great treasury of common devotion which these groups share in their inheritance. The Psalms are an indispensable aid to man's re ligious expression in all these groups. The culture of both religions is en riched by this recognition just as the practice of brotherhood is stimulated by the opportunity for co-operative ac tion in the fields of ethics and culture. The Brotherhood of man under the Fatherhood of God is a great ideal. In the United States we have made great progress in its realization. The defects in our life which give rise from time to time to racial and relig- ■ tous bigotry and tensions can only be overcome by conscious recognition of these defects and the determination to promote our unit. The labor groups of many cities and communities are taking part effective ly in meetings incident upon Brother hood Week. Labor leaders have point ed out the great melting pot which our labor movement represents In American life with men and women of many races, creeds, and national backgrounds joined in the common purpose of promoting the welfare and progress of wage earners. Insofar as prejudices exist within the labor move ment, it is a part of its obligation to its members and to the nation that they should be removed No group has more to gain than the working people from the elimination of the practices and prejudices which separate them and defeats the strength which lies in union. The participation of labor peo ple of all religious backgrounds, in this movement, is essential to its suc cess and to their further progress.