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THE PEOPLE'S « Vol. VIII—No. 43 HELENA, MONTANA, SEPTEMBER 28, 1947 Price Five Cents Consistency, Thou Art a Jewel' $ • £ <5^ Congressman Ben F. Jensen of Iowa, Chairman of the House* subcommittee on Interior Department appropriations, and two FRAUD IN C0-P*Y HÖBE colleagues visited Billings last Tuesday. They are making the j . _ ___ „„ ^ /■«■■« rounds of Western reclamation projects and, of course, spread- IHisAliyËfil UV ^ i IWAli ing a little Tory Republican propaganda enroute. The con- IgUj PP « Ç gressman issued a press statement which drew banner head- Otl . lines and about a column of front page space. With the gentleman's assertion that "more irrigation is of <V Seattle—FP—More ... an 400 work hardened farmers, jammed into cham bers of the U. S. courthouse here, prime importance Basin development because we must have more high yield crop land to feed our growing popu lation," no one will quarrel. We can all say "amen" to his farther explan ation that by 1970 this nation will have to have 80,000,000 to 100,000,000 acres of additional high yield crop land "if we want to eat beefsteak, bacon, eggs and fruit, like we have been in the habit of doing." 80th Congress Did Little For Yellowstone Irrigation Beyond that most of the contents of the statement is pure hog wash that does not come within a million miles of squaring with the record and of ficial facts. Moreover, the metropolis of the Yellowstone valley would seem to be a poor place to sound off about what the last congress did for western development, particularly irrigation, which the congressman rates as of first importance. If there is any area in the whole drainage of the Missouri river that is taking a licking and get ting the hasty go by in the matter of present congressional plans and ap propriations, for future development, it is the Yellowstone valley, partic ularly that portion of it which lies in Montana. Here, Mr. Congressman are the facts: The Yellowstone carries a consid erably larger volume of water than the Missouri river in Montana, and because it is much shorter from source to confluence has a larger fall per mile. Next to the Columbia it is the greatest power stream in the I p—^ 9 9 m « « I 6Ml AO lU 1 ruman roiicies oring new W W ffl H j| • i— i /trtjA I fa j W| 11 yi iri A 1 Af JLIMMMM "Merchants of Death" Report Beginnings of a Thriving Business In Western Europe By CHARLES ADAMS, Federated Press ■The merchants of death are preparing for a third Boston world war. Secret deals are in the making with full approval of the U.S. State and War departments to ship "millions of dollars" worth of machine guns and automatic rifles before the end of 1947 to every country "on the Russian perimeter", an arms manufactur himself revealed here September 12. er Despite extreme pressure# from the State department to keep it quiet the story was let out of the bag by President Melvin M. Johnson. Jr., of Johnson Automatics Inc., whose secret nego tiations with foreign military missions were attended by State and War de partment representatives. Newsome & Co., a public relations firm hired to represent Johnson, made some of the details public after a-wire service re porter got wind of the story. Although the Federated Press and other news papers helped disclose the whole story, the press in general played down or ignored it. The arms-selling plan calls for equip ping every country bordering on the Russian zone of influence with the most modern automatic small arms and furnishing the same weapons to South American government threatened with revolt, the company revealed. Will US $$$ Pay For Rearming of Western European Bloc Its chief tecMnical director, Chan Gardner, is even now demonstrating the firm's ware to government leaders in Turkey and will stop off on his re turn to give similar demonstrations to western European countries adja cent to those nations which have re fused to go along with the Marshall plan, it was disclosed. . stone water upon which Army Engi-. ueers depend to fill the gigantic reser-1 voirs they have now started to build down, in the two Dakotas. It will be largely Yellowstone water that keeps the proposed 3,000 to 5,000 foot wide Army Engineer navigation channel filled with flowing water from Sioux City to river mouth. You list flood control as the second item in importance. It is agreed that Montana has very much less need for such protection than Iowa. However we do have floods and flood losses. All of this can be stopped by a fair distribution of reservoirs in these headwater streams. Under the Pick Sloan plan, which you extoll, the only flood protection Yellowstone valley gets is $171,000 worth of dikes around the town of Forsyth. Give us about (Continued on Page Pour) northwest, in its drainage, exclusive of timbered lands and bad lands, more than 28, 000,000 acres of dry farming and grass lands, at least 4,000,000 acres of which can be reached by irrigation water. Reclamation Bureau Plans Only 20% Development Moreover there lies with After deducting for reservoir evap oration remaining water supply will be sufficient for 3 % to 3 y 2 million acres of irrigation. Bureau of Rec lamation plans now call for only 714, 000 acres of irrigation. The Recla mation boys will be fortunate if the Army Engineers leave them enough water to reclaim the area they have laid out, since it is largely Yellow-i Other company representatives are also abroad on similar missions, and Johnson himself—inventor of the John son automatic rifle which some ex perts claim excels the famed Garand— will leave shortly on a top secret mis sion for South America to give simi lar demonstrations and clinch more deals. The procedure is as follows; first negotiations are conducted with the firm in this country by foreign mili tary missions, always with State and War department observers present. Then the foreign government invites the firm to give a demonstration on its home ground. Final step is exporting (Continued on Pnge Three» I ,♦», [ j } MVA HEARINGS START TOMORROW The first of a series of five senate hearings on the proposed MVA will start Saturday, September 27, in Dillon, Senator James E. Murray has announced. In making his announcement, the senator expressed the hope that opponents as well as proponent will be present to give their views, that a cross section of Montana opinion may be had. He also ex pressly asked that representatives of agriculture, labor and business j state their opinions at the hearings. Other hearings will be held at Lewistown, Sept. 29; Glasgow, Oct. ; Miles City, Oct. 4, and Billings, Oct. 7. I j I I I i I 2; heard Rep. Wright Patman (D, Tex.) charge the current hearings on co-op eratives are part of "a campaign built up by deceit and fraud leading small businessmen of this country to believe their competitors are tax exempt". Patman, a minority member of the house small business subcommittee probing the co-ops, drew applause when he reminded Rep. Walter Ploeser (R, Mo.), committee hcairman, that "Hitler didn't like co-ops. The first thing the fascists did was to destroy them." Ploeser, who had prefaced the group's first hearings in Greenbelt, Md., with statements terming the co | operatives tax - exempt monopolies which threatened the small business man, toned down his bias in the face of a courtroom full of farmers. Hostmty crackled the air even as ploeger asserted this com mittee "has not come to any conclusions" and that co-ops are "merely an object of study". As the hearings progressed, he and committee counsel Willis J. Ballinger needled representatives of the strong producers co-operatives in this area. Ploeser asserted the occasion for the hearings was "a flood of complaints from small businessmen". But Rep. Henry Jackson (D, Wash.), who sat in on the sessions, charged the com plaints were "organized" and Patman rounded out the picture by charging collusion between the committee lead ership and the Pacific Northwest Hardware & Implement Assn. Patman read a confidential bulletin from the association instructing mem ber corporations to organize anti-co witnesses to before | appear I the committee. "Be sure and get as many exGI competitors of co-ops as "- b r ,, 1 r„neÄ. more ,m - MM D ° esn 't Like Co-ops Either Among Montanans who testified, be lieving co-ops should be taxed out of existence were W. J. Howell, Missoula Mercantile Co.; and Paul Frigg, Mon tana Flour Mills, Great Falls. FAIRFIELD SOON TO HAVE HEALTH CEHTER Farmers Union leaders in the Fair field area are joining with other com munity folks in the organization of a community health center at Fairfield reports Gottlieb Seigle. Articles of incorporation were filed with the sec retary of state in Helena, August 25. According to present plans the as sociation will employ a full-time doc tor and a registered nurse for health work and emergency treatment. The Army dentistry building at Gore Field near Great Falls has been pur chased. It will be moved to Fairfield and remodelled. Donations from in terested citizens are being collected to help meet initial expenses or organ izing. Officers of the new association are: Sterling DuPratu, president; Elmer Coffman, vice president; L. C. Rip henburg, secretary; Gottleib Seigle, treasurer, and directors, Maude Delle Cunningham, Paul Hagen and Ken neth McClean. — Montana Farmers Union News. ! Rank Profiteering Alleged At Falls Milk Hearing Producers and Consumers, Not Middlemen, Are Ones Needing Price Relief By BARBARA VARNER, MFU, Great Falls Mere than a hundred representatives of middlemen, pro ducers and consumers of whole milk in the Great Falls area gathered at the Cascade county courthouse last night as the Montana Milk Control Board heard testimony on whether or not the price of whole milk should be raised from 17 to 19 cents a quart. spread already exists in the price of milk. Increases in costs of feed and distribution were advanced Arguments revealed an unwarranted middleman by middlemen distributors,#-— chiefly the large dairies in Great Falls, as evidence that the price the consumer pays should be raised. John Dusak, speaking for the con sumers, pointed out there is already a great difference between what the farmer producer gets and what the consumer pays. Dusak said the man who owns the cows, barns, equipment and land and cares for them receives approximately 9 cents of the consum ers 17 cents while the distributors who only pastuerize, bottle and deliver get about 8 cents. While admitting the farmer should get more for his part of the bargain, Dusak said there was no good reason for increasing the take of the middleman. He cited the experience of the Williston Farm ers Union Co-op Creamery in handling whole milk for 4 cents a quart. The Williston Co-op pays its producers 10 cents a quart, one cent more than Great Falls producers get and is still able to retail the milk to the consum ers for 16 cents a quart, one cent than Great Falls people pay. Further more, records of the Co-op reveal it is furnishing a higher quality of product with more than 4 cent butterfat content whereas only a small per cent of premium milk in Great Falls has that test. Several Great Falls housewives tes tified showing the acuteness of the problem of trying to provide milk for their youngsters on limited incomes in the face of spiralling prices. Ques tions were raised on what to do with sick children and aged folks under doctors orders to have milk in their SURE-FIRE DEPRESSION FORMULA IS OFFERED TO REPUBLICAN BOTH CONGRESS On the basis of the record of the 80th congress, the following in my opinion, is an almost sure-fire formula for a continuation of the flight toward a depression that will dwarf all pre vious depressions. It will also keep the Republican party's record intact for its consist ency in bringing about periods of boom and bust throughout the history of that party. This formula for panic and catas trophe would include the following policies: » 1. Abolish rent controls and leave the building cycle free to soar and smash on a bigger scale than ever. Do nothing to plan housing for the masses of low and moderate income families, or to regulate private or public construction activities. 2. Stave off anti-trust enforcement, give the big corporations whatever favors they ask, and encourage further participation of business in domestic and international cartels. 3. Loan money freely to other coun tries at high rates—but repeal the Trade Agreement Act and pass new higher tariffs so they can never pay us back , 4. Cut federal and state appropria tions for economic services to farm- j ers, labor, and business, so that pn- j vate enterprise can again engage m | inventory booms and other in-and-out activities untroubled by knowledge of what it is doing. j 5. Take off all restrictions on the use of credit for purchases of securi diets. Already many families have been forced to reduce their milk con sumption. The importance of provid ing plenty of wholesome milk for mothers and growing children was stressed by the consumers. HELENA MILK CONSUMERS IN PROTEST Spontaneous opposition to a pro I posed 2-cent per quart increase in the price of milk , at the milk control i) 0ard hearing Tuesday night, led by £ wo Helena's younger attorneys, an d a lady member of the school board, wou id seem to indicate the request of the petitioning dairymen will be de n j ed Since the dairymen apparently failed to conclusively show a need for a price i ncrease; as is required by "the milk control act, a motion was placed be f ore the board that the proceedings j be dismissed. | An alternative motion was, that, j should a price increase be granted, a less/consumer price differential be estab fiished by the board as to type of milk being sold (i.e., pastuerized, raw) and J as t Q distribution. Since, admittedly I more dividual deliveries than for wholesale |deliveries to stores, it was felt that the J consumer should receive the benefit of j a lower price when he served as his own deliveryman from the store to his home, The two attorneys were: Wesley Wertz, state code commissioner, and Paul Keller, and the lady member of the school board was Mrs. Irving (Shorty) Shope. ties and consumer goods, so that these temporary and unstabilizing factors in the economy can regain their old vigor, 6. Repeal the remaining farm legis lation and other stabilizing institutions in agriculture, and leave farmers to the tender mercies of supply and de mand, both in domestic and foreign trade. 7. Reduce income taxes sharply, especially on upper-bracket incomes. Raise the revenues we need by sales taxes, tariffs, and other indirect taxes that cut the buying power of mass consumers. 8. Repeal and emasculate the Wag ner Labor act and the Social Security act, and abolish the Security and Ex change Commission. 9. Damn the United Nations and re-establish dollar diplomacy and act solely on our own in foreign affairs. 10. Refuse to pass valley authority legislation such as MVA, CVA, AVA, and others, so as to throttle all land, t Dont f" e to make P™ ^ the Sacred Cow, continue the spiral of inflation and hold wages at a min imum This complex formu ia is respectfully SU g ges t e d to the Republican congress and stat esmen. If faithfully followed, it should enable us to make the next great depression one to end all depres sions. Or, in any event, one great enough to end private enterprise and private capitalism.—T.R.S. water and other resource develop ment that does not pay a direct and unearned toll to private monopolies.