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Buyers Strike Launched By Irate Great
Falls Consumers In Protest Over Prices A consumers group, meeting Sun day at Carpenters hall, voted to begin an immediate buyers' strike aimed at lowering the price of milk, other dairy products, bread, meat and eggs in Great Falls and to launch a campaign to persuade others to join the strike. Ray Graham, chairman of the citi zens' committee appointed two weeks ago to investigate the price of milk and obtain facts to present before the hearing here last Wednesday of the milk board in connection with posed rise in prices here, was chair man of the meeting. The buyers' strike motion was made by L. L. Price. A letter to the milk board protest ing the participation of Fred Rosse let. Butte, vice chairman of the'board, on the ground that Rosselet's atti tude at the hearing here indicated he is not impartial and "prone to feel that the rise in the price of milk in this area is necessary," was approved. Kenneth Mclver, Great Fall milk a pro board member, should not participate in the determination of the milk price because "he is a milk distributor and interested in milk production in this territory," the letter states. Bernal J. C. Leary, member of a previously appointed food price inves-( tigating committee, said facts had been gathered in connection with milk prices and statements made at the milk .control board hearing here whlch it was hoped to be able to lay before a grand jury. Leary said some consideration al ready has been given by interested groups to form a consumers' co-op erative here. Don Chapman, state Farmers Un ion president, discussed co-operatives and charged consumer-voters had been "sold out" by their elected representa tives. He pointed out the Farmers Union had fought abolition of the OP$. and rationing. held next Sunday afternoon at 3 at Carpenters hall. ♦ ♦ * Additional Information On Milk Board Hearing Expressing a desire to leave the middleman-distributor out in the cold, consumers and producers gathered at the milk hearing in Great Falls Sep tember 25th agreed that the farmer producer needed an increasî of 2c for producing milk but that the increase should come out of the excess profits of the distributors, not from the con At present time distribution sumer. of milk nets more than the production itself. The distributors, including Fergus Mitchell of Ayreshire Dairy and Black of Jersey Dairy took up a great deal of time offering testimony to show that they did not make sufficient profit to stay in business. The consumers didn't get a chance to start testimony until after midnight, the meeting lasted until 3 a.m. But Black indicated he had been able to build up a $50,000 business from an initial investment of $500. After considerable time had been spent in testimony, Mitchell of Ayre shire Dairy stated "there is nothing in the law to keep us from raising the price of milk". A number of housewives made sur »3333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333 :o: :o: LARGEST MUTUAL IN THE STATE V ;o; :o 3 We are prepared to handle any insurance sales contracts covering commodities sold by Co-operative stores to farmers—at very „ reasonable rates. :o: 3 c :o: :o: on . 3 X 3 3 :o: 3 •;>: B V' 3 o; 3 :o: 3 :o: ;o: j^emtana Far mers Union a 3 3 t 3 Oi 3 3 3 3 « 3 :o: /V, T. oS 3 3 :<> V' 3 :o: TV 3 o :o: izy. 3 3 Ü o 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 I 8i 3 3 3 PETER BOKMA, Secretary 3 3 g 3 CO-OPERATIVE 3 DEPENDABLE 3 3 3 3 3 3333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333s veys of their communities and stated that a 2c increase per quart of milk would force them and their neighbors to either cut consumption in half or discontinue it altogether. Mrs. Fore man, from the consumer group stated "with perhaps the exception of your self, Mr. Mitchell, there is no one in this room who can afford enough to eat in face of the inflationary costs of food. We must begin to draw the line somewhere. It is a tragic situ ation." Ray Graham from the Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers Union cited the fact that the local dairies were directly or indirectly affiliated with huge monop oly chains such as Borden company who made a net profit after taxes were paid in 1945 of $12,000,000 which figure soared to $19,000,000 in 1946 with OPA was lifted. The need for price control was stressed and both farmer-producer and worker-consumer felt that establishing producer-consumer Co-ops would be a solution to the problem locally. has deferred action.—Barbara Varner. Need For More— (Continued from Page One) 'The Hungry Horse dam would irri gate 100,000 to 150,000 acres in the Kalispell area," according to McKen na. The Montana Power company says it is for irrigation, but opposes the Hungry Horse dam. Also they favor a higher dam at Canyon Ferry, which would flood most of the irri gated land as far up as the Townsend area, and would probably provide lit tle if any additional irrigation below the dam. It seems to me that if the Hungry Horse dam were turned over to the Montana Power company they would be for it, as they want a power monopoly in the state," McKenna in sisted. CHEAP ELECTRICITY He felt an MVA would take power out of politics, and provide cheap electricity to make possible the con truction and operation of other flour mills, a meat packing and pottery plant, and other industries in the Lewistown area. McKenna said population in Fergus county had declined from 16,500 in 1930 to 14,000 in 1940, and that Petro leum county had also lost population. "If we had cheap MVA power to maintain industry, and also pump waters from rivers and the sub surface for irrigation, we would be able to maintain our population and create opportunities for« our young people," he stated. . . . CIO Likes MVA Gordon Dial, speaking for the CIO Smeltermen's union at Great Falls, said, "We have discussed the MVA in many of our meetings. We want economic security, and think the MVA will help give it to us. We are for it." Ralph Cook, president of Cascade County Farmers Union, and a member of the legislature, discussed the need for soil conservation, and predicted that MVA would do the most in solving this important problem. "We need cheap power to develop our fertilizer industry . . . the people of the west are fed up with eastern control of industry and its prevention of decentralization in this area," Cook said in demanding the MVA. "The only way any of the com mon people can be against the MVA f i Are You Buying Christmas Cards? ! Office Furniture, Duplicating Machine«, Typ e writ « * » , fing fcmrlng Supplie» I PRINTING COMPANY BUTTE œ ® McKEE ENGRAVERS PRINTERS I Halftone and Line Work, Copperplate» Any printed thing 1« our apeclalty I DESIGNERS STATIONERS i SOLD TO Mr», Sam C, Ford ''■•ovornor's Mansion Helena, Montana I I 12/5A6 Uo.75 500 Christmas Folders I I I I STATE HJRCHASIN6 : DEPARTMENT JAN 13 1947 APPRO VANITY ■ 5 I * / ! .%■ J S </V I 1 1 Terms Net. All bills are due and payable first of aienth following date of purchase. I I If you have some friends whom you wish to remember with a Christmas greeting this year, you will be interested in noting how our Governor beats the "high cost of giving". Also, whether you knew it or not, you, as a humble taxpayer, helped pay for the ones that Thrifty Sam sent out last Christmas. Printing, like everything else has been climbing in costs so it is necessary to cut every possible corner. We confess that we're not experts along that line. So we can only suggest that you take your particular problem of how to secure Christmas greeting cards at an absolute minimum of cost to you, to your Governor, Thrifty Sam. Ï i I 8 Î is by not having the facts on it because of our kept press," he con cluded. Anna Zelleck, staff member of Mon tana State college, specialist in his torical and economic research, and a dry land farmer from 10 miles east of Lewistown, said only 43 per cent of Montana's farmers have electricity. "Our rates are so high we use elec tricity only for a few essential things, and use very little other needed ma chinery." C. G. Manning, superintendent of Lewistown schools, felt that the MVA would be in the best interests of the people. The philosophy behind the MVA should be, "Not to do things for peo ple, but to make it possible for people to do things for themselves," he said. Manning suggested several changes, including a five or seven man board instead of the proposed three. He felt the immensity of the project would re quire a larger board, to which Senator Murray agreed. Leo C. Graybill, Great Falls attor ney said that it was no longer the Pick-Sloan plan, but the Pick plan. "The army's end of the deal seems now to compare with the reclamation bureau's end as an elephant to a mouse. He felt that the MA r A was the best way to develop the various interests of the Missouri valley, yet would not allow the lower end to dominate. Graybill also attacked those who insisted the MVA was "incompatible with the free enterprise system." Earl McGinnis, Lewistown insur ance man, was out of the city so left a statement which was read. He em phasized his belief that the MVA would "be best for the greatest number of people." He felt that the army engi neers and reclamation bureau are not in a position to co-ordinate activities. Old Young Women A farmer's wife from Fairfield, ahd mother of two small boys, Mrs. Harold Woodhouse, said "all riches come from the earth," in emphasizing her feeling that an MVA is needed. "I now live on a modern farm with electricity, and it is quite a compari son to the drudgery I had when living on a farm without electricity. I then had little or no strength to raise a family. It is no wonder that women on farms that do not have electricity age so fast." Whats Happened? (Continued from Paco Two) that it did not occur to him that these contributors wanted anything but a, governor who would really enforce the laws against gambling and other ques tionable activities. Anyhow Sara ob viously felt no pricking of his tender conscience in accepting campaign con tributions from these sources. Much Sentiment (Continued from Page One) lante Electric Co-op, an REA unit, were described by C. E. Blinn, Dillon, chairman of the board of directors, and Howard Babcock, manager. Carl Kraenzel, rural sociologist at Montana State College, described the problems of Montana arising from lack of sufficient population and from lack of forcefulriess on the part of the present population. He said: "If the upper Missouri basin states were to move in the direction of hav ing a fifth or a third of a quarter of the population density of the nation as a whole, extensive progress could be made in getting out of the hinter land stage of psychology into a posi tion of constructive self-government and psychological security. The re source development phase is only the tool for the benefit of the people in the basin and the nation and is not the major objective. This human em phasis must be a specific part of the over-all program, along with the re-i S °ZZ ^ e ;; el °P ment . emphasis if the fondai* tlie . area aie to gl ? w to them full stature in a democratic and un X ? orîviüo 1 Q Tj n i „ • L f. cl l e ' H „ e *l aa engineer, TTVA ils e ,îf r y o °f th f R ? oatana prmnt Association, gave a detailed ac u a °' h ,° ff a P r rop t r development e Madison nvei basin could be carried out, m contrast with the at X P ' hTs'u ?Âôïi?oan ïlan w" more „ „ ... . .oar, i 3 . po 1 tl ? al tlian an «enng, Ian, being laid out so as not to upset | present financial interests of the Mis- ! souri basin. », i He pointed out that the J Pick-Sloan plan calls only for irriga- j tion of 85,000 acres in the Madison I valley. A project worked out by Locke and A Co-operative Business Is Owned And Controlled by the People Whose Needs It Serves. farmers UnionCcntral dncéiàme. ~ INCORPORATED J<— Your Regional Farm Supply Co-operative \ GENERAL OFFICE; SO. ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA J,: Reflections— <❖ I i (Continued from Pajçe Three) tioned in the next paragraph. My basic training and much of experience has been engineering. I see first the materials available for a gigantic and many-purposed project; water, land and all the natural resources, material need for development, and a wonder fully efficient machine and power age I in which to do the job. I find that like myself other brethern of the slide rule fraternity seem to see this side of the picture. To all of us the design and construction field is the very im portant one. We all know we can never have a great or an efficient and creditable project unless w r e build it to extract the maximum of accomplish ment for good use of each item of material. That is why so many of the engineers, probably a large majority of them, are not actually satisfied with I I I I li proposed in the opposition's plans. You may not hear much of it in public but I am morally sure from personal contacts and otherwise that 1 most of the boys in the Bureau of Reclamation and many of those classed as Army engineers are actually for an author ity-type of development. Their posi tions will not permit the airing of views but these are competent, faith ful and highly qualified professionals whose inner dream is to be part of something that really counts. May Be Most Important Part Now we come to the fourth major activity, the last field that is a part of the picture in our western develop ment. In the long run this may be the most important part of the picture. It is the political field. If the work is ever authorized, it will be done through our representatives who are politicians. A few of them have be come statesmen; many have not and never will. The statesman, as I see it, is the public representative who becomes big enough and broad enough and honest enough to seek to initiate and carry out measures that are in the interest of the great mass of people which he represents. Thank Heaven we have a few such men in the United States senate and the halls of congress. Then we have some pol iticians, a very considerable number in congress and a considerable number in high positions outside of congress. These politicians are nice fellows to meet; they mean well but sometimes too feebly. They are handicapped by the fact that a politician must always keep his grip on the votes of the majority of the public and at the same time not offend the great source of his campaign contributions. Unfor tunately the great source of campaign contributions in Montana is the Mon tana Power Company and the Ana conda Copper Mining Company. This explains, I think, why some of highly placed politicians have been diligent in issuing derogatory state ments about the MVA during the past few days.—JEROME G. LOCKE, Mem ber, Regional Committee for MYA. our so j oseph y. Bennett showed that be sides tllis irrigation this up-river valley «Quid have: Four reservoirs to store 415,000 acre feet of live water; 438,000 kilowatt hours a year of prime hydro electric power, extensive utilization of phosphate deposits, an increase of five to eight times in the supply of trout and other fish , an 850 gquare mile rec rea tion district, a fine new paved road f rnm rp hroo * ? ark> - <■•"*>■"•« «' .limestone deposits for cement. estimated that 60 per cent of the cost of aU these features could be He regained ia 40 years by legitimate charges for benefits Patronize the Co-operative in yout Community—it is there to serve you.