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OF H't , s ;a \ / M fi J - -l -■--jA--'' o - - *• > i » 1 r L I ip® •Ml -.V' 3p[n U 1 •ii 'X /V_* • - • Tfteo 2 imn •llHW-r-r r r rKr] Pi MONTANA'S ONLŸ^STATEWIDE INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER r.V T- _ s~ Vol. IX—No. 37 HELENA, MONTANA, AUGUST 13, 1948 Price Five Cents tr WHAT GOP CONGRESSMAN CARES WHAT'S IN A LAW? Washington, June 21.—For the edification of prospective voters re viewing the 80th Congress with an eye to November, the following ex cerpt is taken straight from the Congressional Record: "The President pro tempore: The clerk will state the first bill on the calendar. "The bill (S.2225) to transfer administration of the Federal Credit Union Act to the Federal Security Agency, was announced as first in order. "The President pro tempore: Is there objection to the present con sideration of the bill. "Senator Wherry: Mr. President, reserving the right to object, I wonder if the distinguished Senator from Delaware (Mr. Buck) who is a member of the Committee on Ranking and Currency from which the bill was reported, can give us an explanation of the bill. "Senator Buck: Mr. President, I am not familiar wtih the bill. "Senator Wherry: Is there any member of the Committee on Banking and Currency present who can give the Senate an ex planation of the bill?—Apparently there is no other member of the committee present who can do so. "The President pro tempore: Is there any objection to the present consideration of the bill? "There being no objection, the bill (S.2225) to transfer administra tion of the Federal Credit Union Act to the Federal Security Agency, was considered ordered to be engrossed for a third reading, read the third time, and PASSED." ». » BIG BUSINESS GROUPS' PLUNDERING AIDED BY 80TH CONGRESS Worst" Congress Passes Laws Legalizing Looting of Resources When historians assess the work of the current congress, they will un doubtedly agree with President Tru man's recent observation that it "is the worst congress we have had since the first one met" , His charge that the 80th Congress represented the "special interest boys," and his complaint that it is hard to get the facts to the public because of certain people in the newspaper and radio business, tell only part of the story. The record of the congress reeks with acts of public plunder unequalled in American history and exceeding in scope and amount the famous Credit Mobilier scandal of the Grant adminis tration and the looting of the nation by the Ohio gang under Harding. Capital a Hog-Wallow for Corporate Wealth Under this first GOP-dominated congress in 15 years, each family has been bilked out of hundreds of dollars end not yet in sight. Elected with what it termed "a mandate from the people," the congress has recognized as "people" only those who own rail roads, power plants, oil fields, real estate, factories and huge bank ac counts—the people who write the fat checks for political campaigns. One of the few honest daily news papers in the country, the Madison (Wise.) Capital-Times declared edi torially (May 17) that "the nation's capital is a hog-wallow for corporate wealth," with the "arrogant and con fident forces of organized greed riding herd over Washington today with the aid of a government that is in the hands of a Wall Street brass hat set Declaring that "a .ordld buc caneenng crew . . . may even steal the capitol dome if the people don't wake up," the paper blamed newspapers for not sounding any alarm over the con tinned plunder of the government. "There is said to be 1,200 newspa permen in Washington. Why is it that the people are getting so little in formation about things affecting their welfare? Is it because the newspa pers, themselves big money making onterprises, are too closely identified with these powerful interests that are now taking over government for their own ends? . . . Today we need thous , , _ , „ , ands of Paul Reveres who will ride over th© ©ditoriäl päges ând through up. the air-lanes to tell the American people how they are being gypped and robbed, how their government has be come a servile tool In the hands of a powerful and privileged few, and how the welfare of the many has been subordinated to the greed of the pow erful few," it said. The record of the laws passed, the bills passed over, and the efforts to sap the nation's wealth and resources speaks for itself. ECTON & D'EWART FOR TAFT-HARTLEY To the National Association of Man ufacturers, Congress gave the Taft Hartley law which destroyed labor's gains of more than a decade. To real estate owners, it gave a "voluntary" 15% rent boost with all holds barred next March, and scuttled all public housing projects. ECTON & D'EWART VOTED FOR IT To the railroad lobby, it passed over the President's veto the scandalous Reed-Bulwinkle bill, which sets the railroads up as a super-state exempt from any anti-trust laws, and allows two banking houses, J. P. Morgan & Co. and Kuhn-Loeb, to virtually dic tate all freight rates. ECTON & D'EWART PAWNS OF POWER LOBBY £ D'EWART FOR SLASHES 0 To the oil men it gave the Tidelands oil fields with its fabulous wealth; to the lumber, sugar, wool, dairy, farra - and other selfish interest lob bies . 5t & ave special consideration, and t° bl S business in general, always economy-minded", it slashed appro Potions for the Labor department, scbo °l lunch programs, soil conserva tion ; rural electrification, land recla mat * on > and the sundry other pro items wbic h comprise decent and democratic government. „ „ , , Oue of the shoddiest records was compiled in the field of social legis lEtion. H©r© th© Oongr©ss did To the power lobby, it scuttled most at the ex flood control measures pense of lives and land at places like Vanport, Ore., slashed appropriations for reclamation and power projects, and attempted to fleece every user of gas by exempting the natural gas in dustry from regulation by the Federal Power Commission. To Wall Street it gave a huge income tax reduction, placing men who earn $2,000 annually on the same level as those earning $350,000 a year. Lest We Forget Guest Editorial by Ted Schoenborn, Helena Republican leaders in cahoots with their southern reactionary partners, seem to feel they can fool and mislead the people in 1948 as they did in the 1946 campaign, when they repealed price controls, and solemnly promis ed that prices would be reduced and the then existing shortages eliminated if controls were removed. They promised that free enterprise would reduce prices. What does the record show? The NAM and the packers went on strike and refused to slaughter, which created a shortage of meat and sky-rocketed the prices, even though there were plenty of cattle and hogs in the pens ready for slaughter. So they de stroyed price controls. Notwithstanding all the insincere promises, the misrepresentations, the scare campaigns and the ballyhoo of the Republican 1946 cam paign the Republicans have miserably failed the people. Vote-conscious President Tru man has called the congress into special ses sion to enact the very laws the Republican platform professes to stand for, if re-elected this fall. You may be sure nothing will be done to put those pledges into law in the spe cial session. Because history is repeating it self as it did in 1946, the strategists of the Re publican party, the NAM and its high priced lobbyists, with the co-operation of their big interests sponsors, under the leadership of Dewey and Taft, are making the civil rights issue a "red herring" to forestall any action on price controls and housing. Everything this Republican congress has done has been re pressive and negative—they have been busy in turning the clock back—in repealing anti depression controls and weakening laws pro tecting the workers. They do nothing but disparage what the Roosevelt New Deal ac complished; they control 90 per cent of the press, magazines, and a majority of the radio stations. Last year the President called for volun tary controls. U.S, Steel gave him big busi ness' answer by raising its prices $5 a ton. Further increases in steel and other goods have followed in steady succession. Mean while, the American workers chief defense against inflation, collective bargaining for decent wages, has been undermined by the Taft-Hartley Act, passed by a bi-partisan coalition. O'MAHONEY ATTACKS WORLD-WIDE TRUSTS ... ,, ... . . nothing. It either killed m commit tee or rejected on the floor legisla tion to increase minimum wages from the present 40c an hour to 75c; and all anti-lynch, antipoll tax and anti Kjoc Th© mnrh-tfllkpri-nf Taft wJnl ÎÏÏÏw wn I El lend er-Wagner housing bill which would have provided a long-range program of housing with government program or nousing, wun government aid for slum clearance projects, was bottled up in the rules committee, (Continued on Page Two) Washington. — This week Senator Joseph C. O'Mahoney, D, Wyo., at tacked the world-wide oil trusts in a telegram to the presidents of two gi gantic American oil companies. O'Mahoney charged that these com panies were robbing the American people of Marshall plan money, and they were buying oil in the Middle East as though it were purchased in the U. S. and transported by tanker to the Mediterranean. "This payment," said O'Mahoney, "of phantom freight from Texas on oil produced in the Middle East adds about 100% to the price which the American people must pay for the oil bought by the Economic Co-operation Administration." LACK OF POWER HAMPERS REA . . Washington. — The critical power shortage in several states is seriously hampering farm electrification pro grams, REA officials announced in July according to an Associated Press release. These officials said REA expansion is either slowing down or being stopped entirely in portions of North and South Dakota. Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Wyoming and Montana. They added: "At the present time a number of loan applications cannot be approved until an adequate source of power is found for the borrowers. "These applications include three from Wyoming, three from Nebraska, three in western Kansas and five or six in the Dakotas." , „ REA said no rea rexe rom tbe cramped power situation is looked for until new blocks of current become available from projects being built by army engineers or the bureau of rec lamation. REA in For Lon 9 Continued slowdown In the Dakotas and Nebraska, de pendence on projects like Fort Ran -1 dall, S. D., and Garrison, N. D.—not slated for completion until 1951 or But the game of tit-tat-toe with inflation is continuing. A lot of lip service from the congress will be forthcoming, but lip service won't stop inflationary profiteering. The American people have a right to expect ac tion from its congress. Voluntary methods have utterly failed- For two years we have witnessed frantic appeals by the administra tion for restraint on the part of the public. Mr. Taft has flatly told the public to EAT LESS ! These appeals are about as effective as Hoover's appeals in the early 1930's for increased employment. Each appeal has been met with cold rebuff, and business has arrogantly raised prices in the face of the President's appeals. Members of the congress have warned against the dangers of "totalitarian dictator ship", but does it ever occur to them, as they seek to black-out freedom of thought in this country, via newspapers, magazines, radio and textbooks, that their action, or inaction, on price controls has all the effects on the American people of a dictatorship? Example: If a dictator came along and confiscated your savings, cut your standard of living in half, took away your car and your camera, yanked out your telephone and radio, al lowed you meat three times a week, denied your wife an operation and medical care, you would rear up and fight back. Raising prices has done this and more to you and your family. Republican high prices- are costing you hundreds of dollars each year.—But—let's , get back to what congress will do in special session to carry out the pledges made in their 1948 platforms, particularly high prices: Dewey tells congress to stay in session two weeks and; . 1. Give token consideration to bills as a matter of ballot box expediency; 2. Introduce the controversial civil rights bill and make a deal with the Dixiecrats to filibuster that legislation—until the GOP ma jority can move for adjournment, on a plea that they are unable to break the filibuster; ' 3. Make more promises—more flowerly radio speeches—and contend to high heaven that the 80th Congress is powerless to slow down inflation. In other words—the PUBLIC BE DAMN -sacred profits must in no way be cur ED tailed ! 1952—means a long continued slow down in REA efforts, They cited figures to illustrate how tight the supply of power is in the plains region. In the first 10 months of the fiscal year ended July 1, the seven enumerated states showed a 19 percent ( increase over the previous ful1 fiscal y ear in the amount of power Purchased and generated. The na tional gain was 13 percent. Power Supply Tight in Midwest By states, the increases were: North Dakota, 37 percent; South Da kota, 60 percent; Nebraska, 18 per cent; Oklahoma, 9 percent; Wyoming, 8 P ercent and Montana 11 percent, . The S reat J' um P m P° wer consump tlon is shown b * other data ' In December, 1941, the average U. s. f arm consump tion of electricity was 61 kiIowatt hours a month . , t had soared to 116 ki , owatt hours by De . cember 1947. In tbe ' en listed _ lain< , statft c the change from 1941 to 1947 wi tIAe Lü was. North Dakota, from 91 to 187 kilowatt hours a month; South Dakota, from L c . v 6j to 171 » Nebraska, from 68 to 162; Kansas, from 60 to 120; Oklahoma, - c „ . from 57 to 81 ; Wyoming, from 78 to i 53 f and Montana, from 76 to 165. Great Falls Tribune.