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j- -jh Ç -- j \ _ ! w V ! V . A GT^ N 9 :m •* o'- v. A' ' V_. \ V Cr r H' V ■ l^céoü'Kÿ 1 ' ii-y JaiAe SÆacê* Hcr cß MONTANAS ONLY STATEWIDE INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER Vol. XV—No. 38 $3.00 Per Year HELENA, MONTANA, AUGUST 27, 1954 Federation of Labor Convention . . V. O sT Resolutions Commend State Kind Board, Censure Service Coir ltission The steadfast position taken by a majority of the State Land Board against giving away Montana school oil lands received solid support from the upwards of 200 delegates in attendance at the 57th annual convention of Montana State Federation of Labor, in Billings, last week. KO HUM, MORE m P STATISTICS It y Labor's Dail> \ e h m Service WASHINGTON, D. C.—The Com merce Department has placed the average 1953 income for each man, woman and child in the country at the record level of $1,709 but the report failed to show what percentage of the population was getting less, i The per capita figure is reached by dividing the total population into the gross national income which was $270 billion in 1953. The per capita average was widely varied from state to state with Dela ware reporting the nation's high of $2,304 and Mississippi in last place with $834. The Commerce Department report meant that each family of four should have an average income of $6,836 an nually if distribution was equal. Close to 75 per cent of the nation's families make less than this amount. The report showed a decline in agriculture income in 37 states and an increase in 11. For the first six months of this year personal income was running about 2 per cent below last year's figure. » DEMOCRATIC) POWWOW BEGINS TOMORROW IN BILLINGS H. B. Landoe, Bozeman, Demo cratic State Committee Chairman, Wednesday announced that the Demo cratic State Convention called by law, will be held at the Rio Theater start ing promptly at 10 a. m. Saturday, August 28. The Convention will elect a state chairman, vice chairman, a secretary, and 2 congressional com miteemen, also 2 congressional com mitteewomen. The National Commit x teemen and National Committee women are hold-over officers. National Committeewoman Mrs. Bernice Kingsbury will be the prin cipal speaker at the noon luncheon at the Northern Hotel August 28 for Democratic Women. National Committeeman Leo C. Graybill will be one of the speakers at the noon luncheon August 28 for State Senators and Legislative nomi nees, according to State Senator David F. James, Joplin, and House Member John J. MacDonald of Jor- | dan. Chairman Landoe also appointed the following committee for the con vention on rules and order of busi ness: James H. Higgins, White Sulphur Springs; Patrick F. Hooks, Town send; Mrs. Etta (Lees) Bessette, Butte; Tom Mangan, Missoula; James B. Meagher, Great Falls; Jerome Khhn and John C. Sheehy, both of Billings. Billion Dollar Industry I.ahor'N Dally \>hk Service NEW YORK.—The American toy industry was expected to have its first billion dollar year in 1954. A survey showed, that retail sales are ahead of last year by about 10 per cent and the industry feels there is a good chance to top last year's $990,000, 000 . By ► In reiterating the position taken by the 1953 federation convention opposing the perpetual leasing law passed by the last legislature, dele gates noted that since land board members Arnold Olsen, Sam Mitchell and Mary Condon refused to recog nize the validity of the new law pend ing determination of its constitution ality, "the oil companies have sought by - political action, legal action, and in other ways, to force the land board to give away the school oil lands . . ." The convention then urged the land board majority "to continue to fight to protect the school lands of our state from selfish exploitation." EXCESSIVE RATES AGAIN CONDEMNED Recalling that the 56th convention in Kalispell a year ago censured "the Public Service Commission (Comm. Middleton, Henry and Young) for its action in approving excessive utility rates, this year's convention restated its opposition to gas and telephone rate increases granted by the com mission in the summer of 1953. In so doing, the convention noted that the new rates "have been proven to be even more excessive than was antici pated a year ago, as evidenced alone by the order impounding the in creased income to one gas company (Montana Power) to be more than the one million dollars estimated by that gas company at its rate hearing." Because of his fight in the courts to "protect consumers from those excessive rate increases, Attorney General Arnold H. Olsen was highly commended by convention delegates. A third resolution of state-wide importance found the convention endorsing and recommending all taxpaying citizens of the State of Montana" the passage of Refer enda 57 and 58, the bond issues to provide $3,500,000 for the State Training School and the State Hos pital for badly needed improve ments. 'to Labor Affairs Upwards of a dozen resolutions dealing with labor matters of im portance on the state and national levels were considered and approved by the convention. Concerned over 17 states having now passed so-called "right-to-work" (Continued on Page Five) PAYING UNION WAGES PROFITABLE, HE SAYS BURLINGTON, Iowa—(PAD — After 49 years as a union contrac tor in the cement construction in dustry, Herbert P. Carlson is retir ing with the full knowledge that paying union wages and working with the union can make a man successful. , "You can make more money by paying good wages," he said, "and co-operating with the labor union. I have found it necessary to fire only one employe during my en tire experience." The elderly contractor had this to say about paying good wages: "1 have always been willing and able to meet the union wage scale, and found out that well paid men make the best citizens. I have al ways had capable men in my em ploy, and I ascribe my good fortune to my willingness to co-operate with them in every respect as re lated to the job." FAniWERS UNION PREXY TO SPEAK IN MONTANA men t of new state Farmers Union organizations i for the future. The Patton dates are: Kalispell, Sept. 18, 8 p. m.. Odd Fellow's Hall; Wolf Point, Sept. 20, 8 p. m.. High School auditorium; Billings, Sept. 22, 8 p. m. (place to be announced later). Don't miss this important event in your area. The meetings are open to the public. Invite your neighbors in to hear this outstanding and dynamic leader in American agriculture! Drop everything and come worth more than seeding another hundred acres of summer fallow.— MONTANA FU NEWS. President James Patton of the Na tional Farmers Union is scheduled to make three meetings in Montana in mid-September. Fresh from the battle to save the farm programs in Washington and backed up by the recent establish Utah, Virginia and Illinois, Patton is expected to de liver a strong indictment of those in high places who are selling the American farmers short, and he will m present positive, hopeful programs . This will be OFFICIAL STATISTICS DO NOT BEAR GUT ADMINISTRATION'S OPTIMISM The amount of money people have in their pocketbooks seems certain to be the major campaign issue this fall. All administration speakers who have taken to the political stump re cently have stressed this issue. Latest in the parade of speakers to expound the "you never—well, almost never—had it so good" line was Secretary of Labor James P. Mitchell who last week talked to the New - Jersey Savings Bond Committee in Spring Lake, N. J. Mitchell contended that employ ment all over the country is going up this month for the first time since September. He said his confidence that the tide has turned after a 10 month decline is based on "prelimi nary figures for August" which show "an overall improvement in the em ployment situation despite weak spots in steel and automobile production." Mitchell added, "The word now which best describes the American economy is stability. I can tell you that the American economy is sound." Officials at the Bureau of Sta tistics in Washington said the Sec retary of Labor must have infor mation which hasn't reached them as yet. They were unable to give details of Mitchell's disclosure. any The President also took something of the same line speaking on behalf of a Republican senatorial candidate in Illinois. Eisenhower said he was getting pretty tired of the "clack, clack of the prophets of doom" and Business Failures in Week Of Aug. 12 Hits 233 NEW YORK CITY.—More busi nesses failed in the week ending Aug. 12 than in any of the previous 12 weeks, Dun and Bradstreet reported. The number of business failures in the Aug. 12 week totaled 233, or 26 more than for the previous week, and 83 higher than the figure for the corresponding week in 1953. Attorney General Fires Back . . G.O.P. Anguish Caused by Being Caught Attempting To Give Away School Lands "The resolutions of the Republican convention are merely the anguished cries of a crowd who put their hands in the pub lic cash drawer and got th* drawer slammed on their fingers, Attorney General Arnold H. Olsen swore this week as an aftermath of a sharp attack leveled at him by the GOP con vention in Helena last weekend, (Olsen's ire was aroused by con-* tents of a resolution, which among other things, accused the attorney general and two fellow state land board members, Secretary of State Sam W. Mitchell and Supt. of Pub lic Instruction Mary M. Condon, of "arrogant acts" in refusing to let school oil leases under the 1953 leas ing act. Following passage of that law and its approval by Governor J. Hugo Aronson, the land board re quested Olsen for an opinion as to its constitutionality. Olsen's office, after exhaustive legal research, held that the law was unconstitutional.) Continuing his blast at the Re publicans, Olsen pointed out "for the last 30 years there has always been somebody trying to get away with the oil that belongs to Mon tana's schools, but until the Re publicans turned their party over to the give-away crowd there was no group in the state of Montana that would sanction it." (Some idea of the stakes involved can be gained from realizing that the state of Montana holds in trust for the education of Montana chil dren about six million acres of land. Surface value of this land will aver age $10 per acre. Potential oil-bear ing acreage of school lands is esti mated at two-and-one-half million acres.) Further attacking the Montana GOP, Olsen asserted; They lie and they know it when they talk of a permanent loss of revenue to the (Continued on Page Four) he told a story which, he said, Abra ham Lincoln had used. The line has some of the economic experts within the administration ner vous. In a column on the same page as their report of the President's Illinois speech, the WALL STREET JOURN AL, which keeps a sharp eye on busi ness trends, reported: "Bullish words from Ike are tempered by his aides in private ... A White House seer broods over steel's slow comeback. Says a Federal Reserve governor: "This upturn just isn't going to be as spectacular ments might make you think. "A fall pickup is traditional. Crops come to market: shops start building stocks for winter trade; factory in ventory taking is over. Republicans count on the seasonal up-swing to quelch Democrats 'depression talk.' j A less-than-seasonal spurt would hurt | the GOP. 'It would be a clear danger | j signal for us, too, says one econo I Hst." some political state But despite private doubts it seem ed clear the propaganda drive is go ing ahead. A copyrighted story by John Herl ing appearing in Scripps-Howard and other papers reported Pres. Eisen hower is planning to accept the AFL ! s routine invitation to speak to its national convention next month in Los Angeles. Herling reported that it is tradi tional for both labor groups to invite the President to speak to their Con ventions. It is equally traditional that they decline and send a substi tute, usually the Secretary of Labor. Last year the President sent Vice President Nixon to the AFL conven tion but Nixon didn't do so well. This year the President plans to go himself, according to Herling. The CIO convention, as usual in election years, will not be held until after the election to permit concentrated activity in the political field.—CIO PAC PIPELINE. — NO BREAK IN sight m mm HILL STRIKE 9 Despite efforts of federal mediators, as of press time, no immediate break appears im minent in the strike of miners and smeltermen against Ana conda Copper Mining Com pany. The strike, which got underway Monday morning, came about follow ing months of fruitless negotiations which found thç company making no offer of any kind to negotiators for Mine-Mill local unions in Montana. An estimated 9,000 miners and smel termen are out in Butte, Anaconda and Great Falls. In addition, up wards of 2,500 AFL craft union mem bers have been idled because of the Mine-Mill strike. Leaders of the striking union con tend that Anaconda is well able to pay higher wages and make other contract improvements, pointing out that in the first six months of 1954 the ACM made net profits averaging better than two million dollars per month. They also point out that while ACM's Montana management has of fered absolutely nothing to its work men in the several months of nego tiations, ACM officials in eastern op erations of the company have made some offers as a basis for further negotiations. The other three com panies in the industry's "big four" have made offers valued at between five and seven cents an hour increases over present contract provisions. In addition to practically all of ACM's non-ferrous metals operations being strike-bound, Mine-Mill mem bers are also striking most Kenne cott, Phelps-Dodge and American Smelting & Refining Company opera tions as a means of improving - con tracts, following negotiations which found the industry offering unsatis factory improvements in contracts. Metal workers' wages in Montana dropped 15 per cent between July 1953 and July 1954 because of a shorter work week. To the average miner or smelterworker, this wage cut amounted to about fourteen dol lars a week, even though his cost of maintaining a family continued at record high levels. FRIENDSHIP, JUSTICE TOOLS FOR PEACE » CHICAGO.—Earl Warren, United States Supreme Court Chief Justice, warned here that "if we are to achieve a peaceful world it will be accom plished through a sense of justice and mutual friendship rather than with guns and bombs and guided missiles. Warren told the American Bar As sociation convention that "our Amer ican system like all others is on trial both at home and abroad. The way it works; the manner in which it solves the problems of our day; the extent to which we maintain the spirit of our Constitution with its Bill of Rights, will in the long run do more to make it both secure and the object of adulation than the number of hydro gen bombs we stockpile." >> Study Made To Stop Lightning Fires SAN FRANCISCO, Calif.—In the interest of fire prevention, research ers from Idaho and California met with Fire Control Officers of State and Federal Forest Service offices in the hope of ultimate prevention of lightning fires.