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Censure of 83 rd Congress Urged by
American Federation of Labor Council NEW YORK, N. Y.— (AFL)—The AFL Executive Council itemized the failures of the 83rd Congress as it said that Con gress "has earned a vote of censure from the American people. The following is a partial list of the bills of particulars drawn 99 up by the AFL: Foreign Affairs— Congress failed to come to grips with the overriding problem of world-wide Communist ag gression. Lacking an effective pro gram of its own, Congress merely whittled away at the Administration's moderate proposals. National Defense— Instead of con centrating on fortifying the national security, Congress has been dominat ed by one narrow consideration— budget balancing. The National Economy —Mainte nance of economic prosperity is es sential to our national security. Con gress, however, persisted in consid ering the business recession from the point of view of the ostrich. It failed to develop legislative action to en courage full production and full em ployment. It ignore'd the corroding effects upon the national economy of continuing high unemployment. It rejected proposals for overhauling the long neglected and badly deteriorated unemployment insurance system and establishing up-to-date standards for the amount and duration of benefits payable under State laws. Labor Management Legislation — It is on the home front that this Con gress's record is most disappointing. Particularly unjustifiable was it's failure to change the Taft-Hartley law by removing some of its unfair provisions. Minimum Wager— Congress has demonstrated an appealing lack of concern with the needs of low-income families by failing to provide and in crease minimum wage. current 75c minimum voted in 1949 has long since become completely outmoded by substantial wage and price changes throughout American industry. The extension of wage and hour protection to millions of work ers who are now not covered by the Both Capitalism, Communism Unchristian, Speaker Says MONCTON, N. B.—-"A plague on both the houses of Godless commu nism and Godless capitalism," Rev. W. Melvin French told Maritime Co operative Services annual meeting here, August 13. Tested by Christian principles, he said, "both are immoral." Capitalism, he said, "frustrates brotherhood be cause its appeal is primarily to self interest." Between the two is "a middle way, a third choice—a society built on the principles of co-opera tion." It leads "to true democracy in the widest sense," Rev. French said. IKE SIGNS TAX BILL, SUMS CORPORATION ADVANTAGES WASHINGTON, D. C.— (CNS) — With all the fanfare and ceremony of a great celebration, President Ei senhower signed into law a revamped tax bill that gives billions to giant corporations and only token tax re lief for most families. Putting his signature to the bill, August 16, Eisenhower carefully out lined its benefits to low income fami lies. Under the law, he said, • Parents may claim their children as dependents however much the chil dren earn. ° Old people without social secur ity get a tax credit equal to what people draw who have social security. • Taxpayers may claim people who aren't relatives as dependents if they provide more than half support. • Farmers can deduct soil conser vation expenses up to 25% of their gross income. ' • Medical expenses over 3% of gross income (instead of 5%) can be deducted. • Working widows can deduct up to $600 a year for child care. • People whose employers pay sick benefits can deduct these benefits up j to $100 a week. / law, *has also been completely ne glected. Social Security— One of the few bright spots on the generally bleak record has been the improvements proposed in the nation's Social Se curity system. While the new law falls short of the goals set by the American Federa tion of Labor, it represents a real advance toward a greater social se curity in our country. Housing— Congress went through the motions of providing a trickle of low-rent public housing by authoriz ing the construction of 35,000 units, but so severely restricted sych con struction as to make even this token program unworkable. Taxation— Lack of concern for the little fellow has been the prevailing philosophy in tax legislation. Tax re ductions totalling about billion have been voted in 1954. The small est part, or about $1 billion of this amount, consists of reductions in re gressive excise taxes and will prove beneficial to American consumers. But practically all of the remaining $6% billion benefits corporations and families in the high income brackets. Congress failed dismally to pro vide necessary tax relief for workers in the low income groups. It neither reduced tax rates nor increased ex emptions for those with lower in comes. But, under the label of a tech nical revision in the tax system, it has provided special exemptions on ■avidend income to give those who collect dividends tax savings of more than a third of a billion dollars a year. Health—Congress failed to take any positive steps to meet the nation's health needs which are daily becom ing more acute. Even the appropria tions for hospital construction do not keep pace with the demands of expanding population. Other Omission»—Congress failed to provide deserved statehood for Hawaii and Alaska. our It failed to establish a code of fair procedures for Congressional investi gations. I Once again it failed to enact legis lation to protect against discrimina- j 'ion in employment practices. No Congressional action was taken to curb the floodtide of illegal "wet backs" who will again cross the Rio Grande when the backs of the Border Patrol are turned. Wheat growers can't slight the use of fertilizer on their 1955 crop if 'hey expect to maintain profits with acreage allotments. Asked about more favorable treat ment for corporations, Eisenhower said, "These include easing of the so-called penalty tax on accumulated earnings when necessary for legiti mate business purposes, extension of the carry-back of net operating losses, and greater flexibility of tax treat ment for recapitalization and reor ganizations." Said one wag, "The 1954 tax bill grants relief if you have to send your children out to work, if your wife's relatives move in with you, if you're old and don't have social security, if you're very sick, if your husband dies and you have to get a job—or if you're ration stockholder/' The two biggest tax cuts go to (1) corporate stockholders through fa vored treatment of dividend income and (2) to corporations through fast er depreciation writeoffs of plants and equipment. Said Senator Russel B. Long (D La.), "Eighty per cent of the lief goes to less than 20% of the I people. More than half the taxpay ing families get no relief." a corpo re ♦ Rîghf-io-Ssab Groups Open Maryland Drive By Labor's Daily News Service BALTIMORE. •Organized labor got fair warning last week that it is "fair game." > The Maryland "right-to-work" committee announced it has opened headquarters here. Its goal: To have the 1953 Gen eral Assembly pass legislation similar to a law enacted by Vir ginia in 1947. The Virginia law bans the union shop. Meanwhile, Typographical Union's convention at St. Paul, Minn., called for a nation-wide fight against so-called "right-to-work" laws. Sixteen states now have such laws and five other states are con sidering similar legislation. International the FLEXIBLE FARM SUPPORTS BIG VICTORY FOR IKE WASHINGTON, D. C.— (CNS) — Both House and Senate—rushing to get home—passed a conference com promise farm bill, August 17. It had had a rocky history. The bill is an Administration victory and a defeat for farm bloc legislators who held out for rigid 90%-of-parity supports. National Farmers Union and other farm leaders in the Great Plains states had objected to any flexible program. With farm prices 20% lower than 1951, they argued, now is no time to cut farm income j If farm commodity prices are cut enough to be noticed in the market basket, they warned, there's danger of a farm-led de pression. Industries depending on farmer purchases are already in a recession, they said. Administration spokesmen, along Wlth Farm Bureau leaders, had cue< ^ continued high price sup port3 would bankrupt the govern ment, which has been forced to store ar surplus commodities at a growing are permitted i rate. If farm prices to fal1 as crops increase > thc - v cl aim, urpluses will*diminish. The new farm bill provides sup ports for basic commodities between 82 % % and 90% of parity. Parity is considered to be the fair return to farmers for their work and invest ment. The law new modernize the old parity formula (1910-14 equals 100) with a likely reduction of another 35 points. Dairy products will continue to be supported at 75% to 90% of par ity. Farm state lawmakers had hoped to raise it to 80%. The "Swiss Navy," at Last! Since 1939, some 13 nations which did not even have merchant fleets have since entered the maritime scene. Even land-locked Switzerland now has a 30-ship merchant marine. I STRBN8EÄSH CF' "rv %■' :■ ■M GALVANIZED CORRUGATED STEEL ROOFING AND SIDING \.y :■■■ -/ mm# ■ ' '"C v : ! • 56% stronger ... up to 21 lbs lighter than regular grades! • Space studs and rafters far ther apart, save labor and material! • Snug joints won't sag or tear under wind or snow Loads! Ask us how to build better barns cheaoer and easier with Strongbarn. || i H qli : : Ç m j Euin m ip : f i ■■ mm ; j ill I ill mm j ' V:.; III mm i ;■< Ce ll B li > : iÉfiéi y"™**! \ À m % Farmers Supply Co-op ■ ; 2 r. Hi Conrad, Mont. — V:. ÄLF LANDOK HAS ROUGH WORDS FOR OFEi SHOP LAW TOPEKA, Kan.— (ILNS)—A prominent figure far from the ranks of labor has come out against the misnamed i ight to work" law. In so doing he pin-pointed two objections that haven't previously been stressed sufficiently. One is that the proposed state laws^ —and in 18 states they're no longer just proposed— are being deceptively peddled under "a catchy title." The other is that such laws, making the open shop compulsory, interfere with the rights of employers. He is Alf M. Landon, former gov ernor of Kansas and 1936 GOP candi date for president. Pointing out that in Kansas every employe has a right to refuse to join a union if he wants to and every employer has the right to sign a union shop contract, if he wants to, Landon said: "This so-called 'right to work' leg islation would deprive the employer of that right. It would also deprive the employe of the right to join a union and negotiate for a union shop. "It is not a question whether we believe in the union shop or not. The sidies from the government to make up the difference between prices they get for wool and what it would sell for at parity. Supports for tung nuts and honey will be continued at between 60% and 90%. Wool growers will get direct sub | Agriculture Secretary Ezra Benson is given additional powers to force land out of major crop production if the crop exceeds demand. He w r ou!d also be given broad discretion in deciding how to dispose of more than $500 million worth of dairy products now in government storage. j?a»t Dixon-Yates! Conferees cut out (1) a provision to give stockmen a vested interest in federal grazing land if they made certain improvements and (2) a two price system for wheat. . . missi0n l as t to enforce its own rules and turn By Labor's Daily News Service The Securities and Exchange Corn week was called upon s . thumbs down on the Dixon-\ates contract,' thus denying to promoters of the contract the capital they must raise to finance the plant they would build to supply TVA power. National Farmers Union President James G. Patton, condemning the contract, called for the SEC action, j The farm ! that "the commission, under the Holding Com pany Act, has full authority to turn thumbs down on the contract since it is clearly contrary to public in terest." The combine's reported plan for financing the $107 million plant calls for setting up an operating company with $5.5 million equity capital draw ing 9 per cent profits and issuing ' $101,750,000 30-year bonds at 3.5 ! per cent interest to be sold to finan cial institutions. SEC disapproval could knock these plans awry. question involved in this legislation is government interference with the independence of both management and labor to negotiate whatever kind of contract they may agree upon. "It is plain that the 'right to work' legislation interferes with the rights of both labor and management and is another example of the pernicious paternalistic theory that government tell both business and labor what can has to be done to be wise and com petent in the management of their affairs. "I am of the opinion that legisla tion of this type might be something of a barrier to large industries con sidering Kansas for branch plants. Majiy corporations desire to settle their labor problems with a well or ganized, stable union. "And most of them desire to do it on a nationwide basis where the nego tiations can all be conducted at one time and place. The proposed 'right to work' bill would, of course, bar that where the plants are located in Kansas." Contracfs Discussed at State Meeting of Retail Clerks Organization Contractual relationships and en forcement of the eight-hour law in major Montana cities occupied much of the time of a meeting in Helena Sunday of the Montana State Organi zation of Retail Clerks. The meeting, held in Helena's Placer Hotel, was well-attended with delegations pres ent from Butte, Great Falls, Helena, Missoula, Anaconda, Havre and Bil lings, I A highlight of Sunday's meeting %vas a bilk by Paul W. Hansen, north j westei n director of the Retail Clerks, Hansen gave a very informative re port on the activities of other local unions throughout the state of Mon tana. John Mogus, Anaconda, was elect ed vice president of the organization to fili a vacam 'y created when the regularly elected vice president was transferred out of Montana. Frank ^ • Kail of Butte is president of the state association. The next regular meeting of the association will be held in November, subject to the call of the chair. At that time delegates will ballot on association officers for 1955. Back Bay News Butchers J| co T« ClUk JS ® °P T ° 6t °P BOSTON—News dealers here re cently formed a co-op to get period icals direct from publishers. Regu lar magazines along with reputable publications. distributors, they say, force them to take lewd, smutty, lurid The highest automobile road in the United States winds to the 14,260 foot summit of Mount Evans,- says the National Geographic Society.