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payments NOW AVAILABLE I' unds for making payments earned by Montana farmers and ranchers under the 1954 Agricultural Conser vation program are now available and counties may begin scheduling pay ments immediately, Leo S. Kolstad, State Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation administrative officer, announced this week. Carbon, Teton and Valley-counties are expected to be the first counties to submit payment schedules to the State office, Kolstad said, since trial transmittals of their applications have been audited and cleared. Pay ments cover the Federal government's share of the cost of instituting ap proved soil and water conservation measures on farm and rangeland. Payment procedure is considerably different this year than previously. Heretofore payments were made fol lowing the close of the program year when all conservation work had been completed and approved. This year payments may be certified for indi viduals as rapidly as their conserva tion practices are completed and ap proved. Another change places final responsibility for auditing and and approving applications for payment in the hands of county committees. Both changes are designed to place more responsibility for operation of the ACProgram at the county level and make the program more adapt able to local conditions. Kolstad also pointed out that this year farmers and ranchers may sign an initial request to carry out con servation practices anytime during the year or they may request cost-shar ing on conservation work not includ ed in their original request. This gives producers more opportunity to fit conservation work into their cur rent operations and adapt it to con ditions on the farm or ranch. A total of $2,714,000 will be available to Montana for conservation cost-sharing this year. This is slightly more than the originally announced $2,050,000 but less than the $3, 400,000 available for conservation as sistance under the 1953 program. Any producer desiring to partici pate in the current ACProgram may secure information on cost-sharing and other details at his County ASC office. The $5 Million a Year Men Ever wonder how many persons earn $5 million a year? The Internal Revenue Service has just released a study .that answers this question and many others. The study covers personal income tax re turns for 1951. Some highlights: Five individuals reported income for that year of $5 million or more—th ehighest bracket listed. There were 171 persons who reported their 1951 income was $1 million or more—the highest bracket als had total income of $344,640,000, of which $213,654,000, or 62 per cent, was scooped up by the Federal tax collector. The taxes from these individuals represented less than 1 per cent of the Government's total take. The largest number of taxpayers —5,254,640—fell into the $3,000 $3,499 bracket. These taxpayers had total income of $17,075,692,000, of which Uncle Sam took $1,310,178, 000, or 7.7 per cent. This accounted for 5.4 per cent of total taxes paid to the Government.—WALL STREET JOURNAL. 9 Have You Checked the Wiring on Your Buildings? Make Yours a Safe Farm! . ask for i ;; x x MONTANA FARMERS UNION MUTUAL FIRE INSURANCE X X ? j: * see our agent in your community IK m Box 2089 Great Falls, Mont. Montana Farmers Union Insurance Agency « 1 S Can Terns OH Moguls Buy the Next U. S. Congress? Out in the open, the coining political campaign will bel fought on public issues. But behind the scenes all signs to a fearsome new development: An all-out attempt by a hand-( fui of fantastically wealthy Texas oil magnates to buy the next Congress of the United States. These fabulously rich Texas "Big^ Dealers" started pouring out money to elect "their men" in the 1950 cam paign. In the 1952 Presidential elec tion, they stepped up the ante. This year, they're expected to make the biggest effort yet. Already, in Illinois, supporters of noted liberal Sen. Paul, Douglas are bracing to meet the shock of $5 mil lion in Texas oil money they expect to pour in behind Douglas' reactionary opponent. , In Oregon, responsible sources also predict a vast amount of the Texas oil barons' cash will be thrown against young Dick Neuberger in his fight ing effort to unseat the Senate's worst Tory, Guy Cordon. maine McCarthyite helped In Maine, before the June primary, reports told of oil money coming in to help McCarthyite Robert L. Jones in his unsuccessful effort to unseat Son. Margaret Chase Smith. Alto gether, in state after state, candi dates defending the people's interests —most of them with very limited re sources—face a banknote blitz from Four of these oil moguls are the leaders in what one reporter has de scribed as an effort to "remold Amer ica in their own image." These four are H. L. Hunt of Dallas, H. R. Cul len of Houston, Clint Murchison of Dallas and Sid Richardson of Fort Worth. A number of reputable news (he Texas Big Dealers. men have investigated these "Big Four" Texas oilmen over the past several months, and here's what they found ; H. L. Hunt, 65, owns about $500 million in oil. He sponsors the vast tax-exempt "Facts Forum" enter prise, a reaction-slanted set of radio television» programs that masquerade as "impartial." In 1952 he poured money into the campaign of Tories from Maryland to Montana. Significantly, according to the Memphis Commercial-Appeal, quoting men w r ho "knew him when," Hunt got started on his first million by operat ing a gambling room in an oil-boom town, El Dorado, Ark. Workmg as a professional gambler there, accord ing to these reports, Hunt v on his first oil lease in a poker game. H. R. Cullen, 72, has already given away $175 million of his vast oil for tune. He put money down in 23 states in 1952 to elect reactionaries to Congress. Clint Murchison, 58, owns or con trols properties worth $300 million He first started shoveling big money behind reactionary candidates back in 1950, at the request of Sen. "Jump ing Joe" McCarthy. Sid Richardson, 53, is reported worth about $500 million in oil. In 1952, he joined with Murchison in paying for a vicious campaign news paper seeking to elect the GOP. More recently, he and Murchison joined again in buying 800,000 shares of New York Central stock to help Rob ert R. Young gain control of the big carrier. What the the political aims of this "Big Four" and of the other oil-rich Texas millionaires who tag along with them? One clear aim is to "put labor in its place." The "Big Dealers" have controlled Texas state politics for years, and now they're seeking the same sort of control on thé national scene. Here, in the words of noted newsman Theo dore H. White, writing in the Report er Magazine, is what the Big Dealers' control in Texas has meant. TEXAS LABOR OPPRESSED "Starting in 1941, the Texas leg islature has piled law on law until by now every form of union security —closed shop, union shop, mainte nance of membership—is outlawed. Unions are subject to all commercial antitrust legislation; picketing is un lawful if there are more than two pickets every 50 feet; union officials and organizers must be registered with the state and carry identity cards; all unions must file complete financial reports with the state (thus exposing their strength and re sources) ; no felon can be a union of ficial—and Texas laws permit the branding as a 'felon' any union man who gets into a brawl dn a picket line." "Big Dealers" have in mind for the nation comes in Hunt's Facts Forum radio-television programs. After studying these- programs for six months, the AFL NEWS-REPORTER recorded that "in addition to fighting all the liberal legislation w'hich labor supports, Facts Forum has specifi cally singled out organized labor and the principles of unionism for violent denunciation." Another tipoff on what the Texas WORK AROUND THE CLOCK On a more personal basis, Cullen is quoted as having remarked that his employes happily worked 56 hours a week, with no time-and-a-half for overtime. Cullen's advice to young men is: "If you can't make sf living working eight hours a day, then work 12, 18 or 24 hours a day." But the Texas oil moguls are also vitally interested in protecting and further expanding their gigantic for tunes. It's not generally known, but an astounding piece of generosity in Uncle Sam's tax laws lies behind the tremendously swift rise of such men as Hunt, from being a small-town gambler to being one of the richest men in the world. The"Big Dealers" seek at all costs to protect this special tax loophole on which their fantastic fortunes are based. Already the loophole is being challenged. Only control of Congress by "their men" can save it for the oil magnates. s • Here is how this loophole, known as "depletion allowances," works: An ordinary businessman is allowed to charge off only the costs of doing business, including normal deprecia tion of his plant, in figuring the prof it on which he has to pay income tax. If he sells $5 million worth of goods during the year, at a cost of $2 million, he has $3 million net prof it, on which he is taxed. But with the oil moguls, it's far different. They are allowed to pad their costs, up to 27% per cent of their sales, with a "depletion allow ance." Thus, if an oilman sells $5 million worth of oil, at a cost of $2 million, he adds in another $1,375,000 (27% per cent of $5 million) before figuring his net profits. That gives him a supposed net profit of only $1,625,000, instead of $3 million, and his taxes are correspondingly less. The extra tax-free $1,375,000 isn't actually a cost at all, except to a very minor degree. Instead, it's nearly all pure gravy. For Uncle Sam, and for ordinary taxpayers, however, this loophole means an overall loss of nearly a billion dollars a year. LOOPHOLE STAYS IN Late in June, led by Senator Doug las and others, an effort was made on the Senate floor to reduce this scandalous loophole. But it got no where. Already the influence of the oil moguls is so powerful that only a handful of senators dared withstanl them. And now, by pouring our money against Douglas and others of similar courage, the "Big Dealers" seek to si a PKIPilAlf point||| A I ÿlViiîîi CMf' 'I|| I |||| | j | J" j |j |* k * t :j 'Kfyj*' * J WASHINGTON, D. C. Co-op, farm, and labor forces that fear an atomic power monopoly won partial victory in the new atomic en ergy law, but the fight will probably be renewed in the 84th Congress. Congressman W. Sterling Cole (R N. Y.), House-Senate atomic energy committee chairman, warned of the impending battle August 17. Angered at losing patent provisions that would give private firms exclusive patent rights in atomic energy, Cole called for reconsideration next January. He said the 5-year compulsory li ; 'highly (CNS) — censing provision is American." Cole attacked "overpaid lobbyists" for National Rural Elec tric Co-operative Association, the CIO, and American Public Power un Association who wanted, he said, "a touch of socialism." EBBETS FIELD RHUBASB SPROUTS • OVER AEC-PRIVATE POWER DEAL CHICAGO.—(CNS)—The 25-year contract that President Eisenhower ordered Atomic Energy Commission to sign with two private companies to supply Tennessee Valley Authority with 600,000 kilowatts of firm power was back in the news. * Democratic National Chairman Stephen A. Mitchell charged here August 16 that the deal was a "scan CONGRESS OKAYS SI26 MILLION FOR U. S„ UN TECHNICAL HELP WASHINGTON, D. C.—(CNS) — Congress sent President Eisenhower 2 . foreign aid bill, August 19, that provides $116,457,621 for Point IV technical assistance this fiscal year. Funds for military aid—$2,418 mil lion—are 20 times larger. The bill also provides $9.9 million for United Nations technical assistance—$8 mil lion less than the President requested. It will last UN agencies only through December 31. lence even the few voices that dare oppose them. A second issue also has tremendous importance for the oil magnates. That's the "offshore oil" giveaway. That move, put through by the GOP teamed up with reactionary Southern Democrats, handed over at least $50 billion of the people's property to four states, for cheap exploitation by the oil magnates. In addition to selfish and reaction As long as two years ago, H. L. Tlunt said: "Now that MacArthur's The McCarthy technique is ex emplified by four points: First, vote against labor and progressive social legislation, as McCarthy has dore. Second, vote for the "depletion al lowance" and the offshore oil give away, as McCarthy has done. Third, accuse the New Deal and Fair Deal of "treason," as McCarthy does. Fourth, divert people by a loud but completely ineffective anti-Commu nist campaign—McCarthy's specialty. The political candidates who fol low this formula are the ones who ary views, the Texas "Big Dealers" also sponsor a clever and ominous political techniques. That's the tech niques used by Senator McCarthy. McCarthy wined, dined out of the picture, it's up to Mc Carthy to save America. Thereafter, Hunt, Murchison and other "Big Dealers" began wining' and dining McCarthy. They began lending him their private airplanes, buying him a $6,000 Cadillac, shoveling out cam paign money to him and all his poli tical friends. will benefit this year from the huge bankrolls of the Texas oil magnates, in their grab to run the United States. The candidates who speak for the workingman, for just and decent laws, for sane and effective anti-Commu nism at home and abroad, will get no such money.—MICHAEL MARSH in The Railroad Telegrapher. According to lobbyist registration figures, the top power co-op and APPA men together draw $20,000 a year. Purcell L. Smith, chief lobbyist for National Association of Electric Companies, alone draws $65,000 a year, and other NAEC lobbyists draw $50,000, $49,200, $25,000, $15,000, and $13,500 a year. In addition, 14 other private power representatives report $49,968 a year retainers. Congressman Jacob K. Javits (R N. Y.) challenged Cole's claim that such cross licensing is unconstitu tional. He said courts have enforced similar provisions in the radio tube industry. Among other Democrats, Representative Melvin Price (D-Ill. ) said compulsory licensing might avoid "the possibility that a few companies could set up a patent monopoly." dal," and the public vs. private power scrap drew headlines across the na tion. * Eisenhower next day told report ers that negotiations for the contract were an open book. AEC and budget bureau spokesmen told pressmen that their material would be ready for inspection, probably by August 21. * Mitchell returned to the fray August 18 with 10 questions about the contract he wants answered. "Why," he asked, "must files be kept under lock and key for four days" * Senator William Langer (R N. D. ) accused administration sena tors, August 18, of denying funds for his monopoly subcommittee to take a look at the contract. A resolu tion to give the group $37,500 for a broad anti-trust inquiry is pending on the Senate calendar. * House-Senate atomic energy committee staffmen got a copy of the AEC-private power contract Au gust 19, the first they'd seen it. Neither that group nor AEC, how ever, would release it to reporters. * These committee staffmen said the contract is ready to be signed this week (August 22-28), * Governor Frank Clement of Ten nessee wired Congressman Sterling Cole (R-N. Y.), August 19, urging his House-Senate atomic energy commit tee to make the contract public and to schedule a full investigation. Sena tor Clinton P. Anderson (D-N. M.), committee member, agreed. "Public business," he said, "can be publicly transacted out-of-doors unless there's a security problem. I know of none here." Senator Bourke Hickenlooper (R-Iowa), committee vice-chairman, replied that since Eisenhower hasn't yet signed the atomic energy bill Con gress gave him August 17, no hear ings are necessary. Made In Japan The Federal Trade Commission, which has been closely policing the labels on foreign-made sewing ma chines recently ruled last week that the distributors of a Japanese machine must change its trade name and openly disclose its origin. The distributors, Sewing Machine Sales Corporation, of New York City, have been selling the machine under the name of "Admiral Crescent," with the "Admiral" in large letters and the "Crescent" in much smaller let ters. Nine witnesses testified they thought they were buying a product of the Admiral Corporation. This, together with the fact that the Made-in-Japan label was hidden or obliterated, constituted an unfair and deceptive trade practice, an FTC examiner held. . Guests Each Day Too PORTLAND, Ore.—How often do you entertain? 61.7 per cent of house wives recently surveyed reported that they had guests in 3 or more times each month.