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Retirement Village . .
A UNION BOSieS A PLACE IN THE SUN FOR STS ELDERLY By VICTOR RIESEL In Richmond, Calif. INDEPENDENT Out near Jupiter Light, Florida's easternmost point, about 200 miles south of the "Fountain of Youth," and just north of the state's Gold Coast, 600 acres have been cleared and landscaped for some who don't have youth, nor do they have gold. Only a few of the nation's 13 mil lion persons now over 65 years of age will be able to settle on these 600 acres. But those few will be mod ern pioneers, though they come to this frontier by plane. Fox', on this ground just north of West Palm Beach, Fla., a union— Sal Hoffman's Upholstei'ers Inter national Union of Noi'th Amei'ica (AFL), with headquartex-s in Phila delphia—soon will build the first self-contained, self-goveiming re tirement village for labor people and their wives. This, however, will not be a small city limited only to an elderly genera tion. Geriatric specialists point out that old folks not only resent but suffer from isolation in their own age bracket. So the union officials, well advised by a panel of 20 medical and socialogi cal experts, will also encourage mi gration to their village of members • below retirement age. The community is being prepax-ed now. Sewexage and water systems are going into the ground. By No vembex-, at the latest, work will start on an administration building, and the first cottages. This union project is going up at a cost which is a contxactor's dream. ! When Sal Hoffman's people first went down to Florida, woi'd leaked out that the union was set to build a village worth $5 million. "Con" men flocked in with a thousand schemes. However, the Upholsters called the local .AFL construction ' trades unions for help. The AFL group set up a special advisory labor committee consisting of most of the business agents of all the unions in West Palm Beach County. These experts—and that they checked construction and mate are WHA T DO YOU THINK? By GRETCHEN G. BILLINGS Harry insists that I get back into the groove of wx-iting my column and has given me the two party conven tions as my subject. I didn't have time to attend the Republican con vention here in town last week, ex cept to peek into the lobby of the Placer a couple of times, so I didn't talk to any of them except A1 Wil kinson, who is back from Washington, D. C., to do some work on the local level, I suppose. Bob Corette was in town, too, no doubt making his in fluence felt on the Republican stategy front. I saw Ernest Immel, campaign manager for Winfield Page, Republi can candidate for Western district congressman. He was carrying on naive reactionary" conversation with . . his associates. Immel also writes a sort of syndicated column for a num ber of weekly newspapei-s in which you can find the,cues for the state Republican strategy. Pie gave Hax-ry and me a bad time a couple of weeks ago, and I won dered as I saw him moving about the convention if he was receiving the congi'atulations and decorations at tendant to his services to the party "beyond the call of duty", when he ci'awled out on the end of the politi cal limb with his pipe, his paint brush and all that "ickey garbage in his hands and threw it from one end of the state to the other to try and dis credit two people. I wondered too where that boy salts his conscience during a political campaign. Of Course he has been in the political arena in Montana for quite a while and I wouldn't be sur prised if he salted it once a long time ago and now he's forgotten where he hid it. It would be a shame if he didn't ever find it again—he isn't young as he used to be. In fiction as rial costs, the quality of supplies de livered and the efficiency and skill of installation. The Upholsterers Union was saved the nightmares which haunt many of the nation's building conti'actors. Hoffman and his colleagues axe paying as much attention to the hu man elements as to the physical. They went to Mi-s. Oveta Culp Hobby, U. S. Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare, and won her suppox't. She approved the appointment of Dr. Cletus Krag, of the U. S. Public Health Sex-vice, as chief medical ad viser to the union, whose officials came away with the impression that Mrs. Hobby believes this experiment is all important step in caring for a segment of our population which is growing at a geometric rate. Only three million of the ovei'-65 year-old are working, it should group be pointed out. Furtheimiore, Mrs. Hobby's Department disclosed last month that the "avei'age length of life in the U. S. has reached a record high of 68 Vs yeaxs, a gain of neai'ly four years in the past decade." Women ax - e outliving men by six years. Their average lifetime expec tancy is 71.8 yeai-s. And with medical progress, these age avex-ages will con tinue to go up. So this pioneer pi'oject may set the pattern for all labor, which is watch ing the experiment. The development will be completely autonomous. This has been guax-anteed by the Florida authoxities after long negotiations. It will be self-contained—and the P a y men t of rent fox the cottages will include coverage by hospital and medi insuxance as well as by the serv ices of the H S ht and water facili des. This fii-st and only project of its kind is an experiment by a union which seeks to give its older people a city of their own, which seeks to ease the w r elfare problem of many a community, which seeks to start a movement easing the job crisis, per haps, Here will be no isolation. Here will be a place in the sun for those who've wox ked their allotted time. | "conscience sometimes comes in search of it's owner in the nick of time and the only problem becomes recognition. When Immel did his job on us I couldn't help but think of the fellow I met a while back who was trying to sell the idea of getting a franchise on all the garbage in the nation. He wanted to freeze it and put it in the stores of the country so that the housewife could buy it and just drop it in the inincerator. I don't know just what should be done about this packaged garbage that comes our way. Some think we should take time to xefute it—deny— alopogize, etc. But what good would it do? fellow of our acquaintance, The other night I was reading a deal by a national legal authority on a subject entirely different than the one at hand, in which were the words, "it is an established legal fact that you can not prove a negative." Then I suppose the basic Chrstian tenant still holds with me—the stigma .of sin rests on the sinner. Anyhow I would not Change places with all the Immels in America to day, whatever is to be my fate for trying to keep faith with democracy and the Christian principles I have accepted as my guiding force in life. I would xather be damned for help ing people than to be accepted for ruining them. Immel's words today are cheered. They may continue to receive cheers for a long time. They will fall on ears that will pick them up with de light and be transferred to lips that will repeat them with cherish. They will chase the timid to shelter and they may retire me to a chicken farm, but I like the words of a young When I a How Your Money By LYLE COOPER, Research Director, United Packinghouse Workers—CIO What happens when a "business adminis tration" takes over in Washington is becom ing more glaringly clear every day. We see this in many forms: The NLRB be coming a tool of the greedy and not a protec tion for the needy; tax "relief" for the rich: the "giveaway" program for such priceless natural resources as power, tideland oil, etc. But this is not the whole story by any means. Take some recent data on how consumer spending is divided up this year in compari son with 1953. The Department of Commerce gives us a grand total on consumer spending which looks, on tiie surface, very encouraging. That's because spending during the first three months of 1954 was at an annual rate of $2.1 billion dollars above the first three months of 1953—$229.8 billion this year, com pared with $227.7 billion last year. This looks like consumers are pretty well heeled, doesn t it.' Otherwise how could the\ spend so much more than last year? But let's break this grand total down into its main parts. We'll then see whether the picture is anything to cheer about. Here's the way the breakdown shapes up. Consumer Spending 1954 Compared with 1953— Annual Rates for the First Quarter (Irx Billions of Dollai's) Change 1954 from 1953 $2.0 dw. 0.8 dw. 5.0 up 2.3 up 1953 $ 30.2 121.2 76.3 17.7 S 28.2 120.4 Durable goods Non-durable goods - Services Pei'sonal net savings Observe that consumer purchases of "dur ables" fell $2 billion during the year—$1.3 was on automobiles and parts alone. On non durables the drop was less—$800 million. In sharp contrast, spending on services shot up $5 v billion. Why? Was it because rank and 81.3 20.0 FARM INCOME DROP IDLES FACTORIES Mainly because of the di'op in farm purchasing power, employment in fax-m machinery factories is running about 20 per cent below a year ago, accoxding to a recent survey by the WALL STREET JOURNAL. Because sales to farmei's this sum mer have not been as good as the company had counted on, the sui'vey said Inteinational Haiwester is laying off 5,600 men in its farm machinei'y and ti'uck plants. Employment was 9,000 below last year before the new layoffs wex-e announced. The employment situation at other companies was repoxted as follows: Deere & Co.—300 laid off in June, px-esent employment 20 per cent be low 1953. Oliver Coi*p.—At present, about 15 per cent below last year. Massey-Harris—Present employ ment about the same as last year. Minneapolis-Moline—Present ployment down about one third. Allis-Chalmers—Employment about steady since last year.— F. U. HER ALD. em get to be old I do not want to beat on my chest and gee a hollow sound." The Democrats will have met by the time this is read, but as of my wx-iting they have not started their convention. They aren't an awfully brave lot, for the most part, and spend too much of their time taking abolutions of pux-ity and making pub lic vows of chastity. They kind of remind me of the foolish Vii'gins. Thei'e will definitely be attempts at the Billings convention to make the Democratic platform something besides a bunch of words that won't irritate the Republicans. They also go aound stuffing their heads in the Lion's mouth to stop the gi'owling. But more on th3 Democratci con vention next week. Did you know that the kids at the University have christened the new field house "Carlsbad Cav erns ?" G. 0. P. ANGUISH CAUSED BY BEING CAUGHT ATTEMPTING TO GIVE AWAY SCHOOL LANDS (Continued from Page One) schools through a refusal to comply with the illegal leasing act of 1953. "The land is still there, the oil is still there, and both still belong to the schools. When they are dis posed of, it will be for full market value. They won't be given away to fulfill a Republican campaign R. R. YARDMASTERS GET 5 CENT RAISE 'CHICAGO, III. •About 4,000 mem bers of the Railroad Yai'dmasters of America received a five-cent hourly pay raise. A new contract, accepted by the union also calls for Yardmas ters with 15 years' service to receive a third week of paid vacation . The agreement provides for incor porating into the basic wage scale the 13 cents an hour currently being paid under a cost of living escalator clause. new contract drops the escalator clause for yardmasters, em ployed by 55 railx-oads across the country. Colorado Labor Doesn't Fool Around In Raising Funds 'DENVER, Volo.—A luncheon and political rally brought the Colorado Labor's League for Political Educa tion a clear profit of between $4,000 and $4,500 to be used in the paign to elect liberal candidates. Ap proximately 450 unionists were pres ent. cam Win 18c Increase CHICAGO, Ill.—Eighteen cents an hour incxease for 5,000 women, hers of AFL Building Sex-vice Em ployes Union, has been gianted through arbitration. mem Misuse of .electricity accounts for at least 12 per cent of home fixes, safety specialists say. Overloaded wires die.mcx-easing .as a fire hazard. file citizens in the U. S. A. were living so much ■could afford to hire more servants. better for instance? « THE RENT HIKE TOLL That explanation doesn't sound reasonable _ an d it isn't. To understand what's really involved let's see what spending on "services" includes. It includes rent. And the year s jump in out billion dollars. As lays for housing was one the year unfolds, the margin over 1953 will widen. Household operations took another half billion. Transportation charges to con sent up $200 million. And a big mis headed "other services" su mers vv cellaneous group shot up $2 billion: this included medical costs and public utility rate hikes. FEWER JOBS RESULT What is the meaning of these big increases in terms of employment? The federal Re serve Bank of Chicago in its July, 1954, Busi Conditions supplies much of the answer. ness We are told : First, that the shift in spending away from goods means less business and em ployment in the retail stores as well as in factories. Second, Business Conditions says: "Many service industries—utilities, transportation, rental housing—employ fewer workers per dollar of sales than are associated with the production and distribution of goods. One final point: How about that jump of $2.3 billion in personal savings shown in the table above? It looks good, doesn't it? But who got it? WHO SAVES? Our analysis of "service" spending shows it went to landlords and stockholders of public utilities and other big corporations. Pretty nice—IF you are a landlord or stockholder. They ought to be grateful to the Eisenhower Administration. 1 pledge. The leasing act constitutional when the Republica Governor Sam Ford vetoed it, and it is still unconstitutional. "The simple fact is that the large I oil interests and the Republican party I leadership want the State to sell all of the oil under school lands before the presence of oil, the quantity oY oil or the value of the oil under any certain tract is known. They want the oil interest in the school lands sold at a cheap price. # wai u n - n "What they call a lease for ten years and for as long thereafter as oil and gas is developed is not a lease but is really a 'sale of all the oil', because that is what they mean to take by such an instrument. "The Constitution commands that the State gel full market value. it is impossible to get full market value when the presence of oil, the quantity of oil and the value of the oil is not and be known. "Therefore, the majority of the Land Board, Secretary of State Sam W. Mitchell, Superintendent of Pub lic Instruction Mary M. Condon and I favor a lease for not longer than 20 years. After that period when the presence of oil, some estimate of the quantity of oil and the value of the oil is known, the oil lease can be placed upon the auction block again to detexmine its full, true value," Olsen concluded. 8 —a THE PEOPLE'S VOICE Published weekly by The People's Voice Publishing Co.,at 1205 Lockey Street, Helena, Montana. HARRY L. BILLINGS, Editor Entered as Second Class Matter De cember 7 19.19, at the Post Office at Helena, Montana, undèr the Act of March 3, 1879. COafififwp^KDOP Subscription Price: $3.00 a Year No Commercial Advertising except from ( o-operatlve Business Institu tions accepted. Rates on application. n Ö