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From Editorial Pens Around the Nation
WHICH PAGE DO YOU READ? Big GOP Dailies Jubilant In Editorials— Job Layoff Stories Are Another Matter Ever since unemployment started to increase under the present administration, most Ohio papers have been beside themselves trying to cover the whole thing up. You could hardly blame them in a way. After all. 20 years is a long time to wait for a Republican Presi dent. * The editorial page is an interesting page to read these days because it is here that the papers really ignore the facts. The papers' columnists also join in the campaign. We noticed recently that the Cleveland PLAIN DEALER was doing a dandy job of ignoring the facts. One of its columnists. Philip Porter, wrote a column in which he poked fun at what he called the "proph ets of doom" for their warnings about the anemic state of our economy. Porter poked fun because he predictions were only now. They were echoes now because things were fine and looking better. Porter wrote. One editorial entitled "The Recession Recedes" as sured its readers, "Calm optimism over business pros pects is sweeping the country." But in the news columns which are based primarily on fact, the PLAIN DEALER reported—on the same day Porter's "everything is rosy" column appeared— that "Akron began to feel the pinch of poor relief today when city council's finance committee ap proved transferring $50,000 into the relief account . . . This marked the fmst time since before World War II that the general fund was tapped for poor relief. And this one from Mansfield, Ohio: "With county relief rolls growing here, Richland County Commis sioners today announced a plan to put able-bodied but jobless men to work on county work crews. The relief-roll workers will earn up to $5 a day, which will be credited on their grocery and rent bills." In short, the editorial writers fly in the face of the facts printed in their own newspapers. While they are attempting to put rose-colored glasses on their readers, their news columns are printing the true 99 facts of the case. Now that the one-party press has a Republican President, it just can't admit that business and people aren't as well off as under the Democrats. If people started to believe such things, they might elect some Democrats to office. So, the papers must do their best to protect the "new team." And they do it by constantly reassuring their readers that times have improved since January 1953. The only trouble is that many of their readers may be looking at such editorials and columns as they stand in line to collect their unemployment checks. WHERE SHALL WE EMPTY OUR ATOMIC ASH CANS? By WALDENAR KAEMPFFERT In NEW YORK TIMES A reactor, or atomic pile, in which plutonium is made for bombs or which can generate heat enough to boil water and raise steam for an electric light and power plant, produces radioactive wastes, the equivalent of "ashes." They are a nuisance. They can not be turned into sewers because they would con taminate rivers, and they cannot be buried because they would make the soil radioactive and therefore dangerous. In fact, a radioactive rat caught in a re actor plant cannot be buried because it may be dug p by some predatory animal and devoured, where upon that animal becomes a menace. At present the wastes are stored underground in steel tanks. This is not a perfect solution of the prob lem presented because there is still danger of ex posure to powerful radiation. Besides, the tanks will eventually corrode and leak, so that the radioactive liquids will seep into the soil and find their way to drinking water supplies. Prof. Ira M. Freeman, physicist of Rutgers Uni versity, thinks he has found the best solution of this "hot" waste problem. He would dump the wastes on Mars, or Venus or some other planet. This would be better than pumping them into dry oil wells, as some propose, or casting them into cement blocks to be buried in some desért or thrown into the ocean. Unless we do something and do it soon, Professor Freeman believes that we this planet uninhabitable for future generations. Professor Freeman would concentrate and load run the risk of making u » . 99 the liquid wastes on special expendable "tanker rockets", which would carry them to Mars or Venus. There is no doubt in his mind that some day in the not far distant future such rockets shall be con structed. • Such rockets will be expensive, yet cheap com pared with the craft that are to travel betweçn the earth and the moon. He says that it costs about a dollar a gallon to deal with the wastes by the make shift methods so far proposed. If we hesitate about converting Mars or Venus into dumping grounds we might use one of the larger asteroids (there are about 40,000 of all sizes, but only about 1,500 have been charted). If there are objections Professor Freeman sees no reason why we should not throw the wastes overboard some where between the earth and the moon, whereupon they would revolve around the earth like satellites. NO DETOURS FOR LABOR Editorial In LABOR'S DAILY (ITU) Never before has organized labor been as acutely aware of its responsibility of spearheading a drive to protect our American way of life as it is today. Never before has a national administration so con clusively demonstrated it is an implacable foe of labor and the people as the Eisenhower regime. National resources have been plundered, raped and pillaged ; greedy, wealthy interests have been fattened at the expense of the people and suffocating fear like poison-laden fog is spreading across the land. Millions of workers are unemployed, and yet the Administration has, through misleading state ments, doctored statistics and fake economic re ports, tried to label it a normal, mild readjustment necessary to change over from a war to a peace economy. For many weeks now, Eisenhower cabinet mem bers, their assistants and GOP hucksters have been going about trying to sell the voters on the adminis tration's "dynamic" program. The Republican Party is employing every weapon it can muster in an attempt to gain control of the 84th Congress. It must have control if it-is to survive as a strong national party. The GOP still vividly remembers its errors of the recent past. The crookedness and ineptness of the Harding Administration, and the calamitous Great Depression engendered by the Hoover regime cost it 20 years of rule. In its brief return to power, the Republicans have recommitted all their old sins and have thrown in a few dozen extras for good measure. So it is inevitable that the people again will revolt and cast them out of office. Smarting from their hurts and disappointments, just as they were when avalanches of votes swept Franklin Delano Roose velt into office again and again and elected Harry Truman when all the political experts derided his chances, the voters once more will rise and demand an administration concerned primarily with human values. Labor in 1952 recognized the danger of returning the GOP to power. Its leadership warned rank and file members of the necessity of voting for their best interests and against the Republican reactionaries (and some Democrats, too). Individual union members responded, but weak ly. Hundreds of thousands of them neglected to qualify to vote. Many stayed away from the polls. And far too many failed to educate their wives and other members of their families to the urgent necessity of voting for labor's friend rather than a general who promised a miracle in Korea. That labor is fully aware now that its 1954 and 1956 political action programs must be full-strength, aggressive and unrelenting has been attested this year by convention after convention of the international and national, unions. The leaders of the American Federation of Labor, the Congress of Industrial Organizations and most of the major independent unions all through the year have thrown a pitiless spotlight on the GOP regime and fully acquainted their members with its union-hating policy and complete ignoring of the best interests of the masses of American people. In the ballot boxes lies the secret weapon that will blast the Taft-Hartley Act off the statute books and halt the giveaways of the people's natural wealth. The only road to equitable taxation, social justice, protection of civil rights and restoration of human dignity to the individual runs through the voting booth. various There are no detours. THE TINKERERS ARE TOYING WITH THE CONSTITUTION From the MILWAUKEE JOURNAL Senator Hennings (D-Mo.) had reason to warn his colleagues the other day that they were getting "amendment happy." In our whole national history we have amended the Constitution on only 11 occa sions, but now plans to tinker with it are deluging Congress., The isolation-tinged effort to limit the treaty pow er, with some version of the Bricker amendment, barely failed in the Senate this year and undoubtedly will be renewed in 1955. i The Senate has just approved an amendment that would arbitrarily fix the Supreme Court at its pres ent size. President Eisenhower's suggested amendment, turned down by the Senate, would have bestowed the voting privilege in all states at 18. The Senate last year approved an "equal rights for women" amendment. A Senate subcommittee has just favored an amendment to let the President veto parts of an appropriation bill. Concern about internal Communist conspiracy has led to a proposal to expand the meaning of "treason" so as to include "adherence" to the Communist Party or collaboration to "weaken" the Government. The H-bomb has inspired a proposal to let Gov ernors fill vacancies in the House of Representatives temporarily by appointment, in case a third or more of the members should be wiped out at once. This is by no means the whole list. A paradox marks this current campaign against the Constitution as it stands. "Conservatives" have long made the loudest show of reverence for that majestic document, sometimes demanding all but worship of it as a model of perfection. Yet it is now "conservatives" who would stick all shorts of patches on it, using it politically, as in the Supreme Court freeze, or radically changing its basic concepts, as in the treaty clauses. And it is the "liberals" who find themselves on such issues the conservera of constitutional purity. The true test of a constitutional amendment should not be its conservative or liberal appeal. It should be whether its subject matter belongs in a constitution, whether it is in harmony with the aims and ideals of our Constitution, and whether its need is clear. WHY NOT FORM A WORLD FOOD BANK? From DEMOCRATIC DIGEST A proposal by W. Kerr Scott, Democratic candi date for the U, S. Senate from North Carolina, for creation of a "World Food Bank" has attracted siderable attention in that area. As the Winston Salem JOURNAL commented, such a bank play a very helpful role in the effort to alleviate hun ger in famine areas, dispose of American pluses and stabilize world economy." A similar proposal has been made by a group of 19 Democrats and five others already in the Senate, led by James E. Murray, of Montana, who introduced a resolution calling on the Administration to draft an "International Food Reserve," as they called it, and present the proposition to the United Nations. In the House, the same measure is sponsored by Lee Metcalf, Democrat of Montana. The purpose of an international food food bank is obvious: Supplying temporary surpl to countries suffering shortages and hunger. As shifting crop conditions would cause surplus and deficit countries to change positions, the central UN agency would keep any extra foodstuffs flowing into empty stomachs. The Democratic Senators suggested a relatively simple method of operation: Nations "depositing" surplus commodities would get credit on the bank's books. Hungry nations "withdrawing would pay for them in their own currencies, which would then be loaned back to them for technical development projects- along the line of President Truman's famous Point Four. This latter feature was designed to help break the bottleneck of convertible foreign currency and cause more stable food production around the world. As Senator Murray stated at the time, "reserves of food and fiber will not merely be economic relief . ., but such reserves are undoubtedly of even greater importance to all consumers in this and other countries, as insurance against famine, inflation, and political unrest. con might * . crop sur reserve or uses commodities un measures . * '