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TW0-THR5S OF WORLD'S PEOPLE
GO TO BF0 HUNGRY EVERY MI6MT I By Labor's Daily News Service 1 wo-thirds of the world's popula tion go to bed hungry every night cause of inadequate food production in many areas of the world and distribution facilities for food pluses. This food supply problem is all the more acute in view of the fact that the population of the world— now estimated at 2,500 million habitants—is increasing at the rate of 30 million every year. .<e poor sur in Labor-liberal groups in this country have steadily supported which would aid in increasing world food supplies as a bar to Commun programs im. In the less developed countries, tne problem of insufficient food is coup led with deficient diets lacking proteins and vitamins. Nations everywhere fully aware of this problem have been in co-operating with each other through the food and agriculture organization of the Unit ed Nations to overcome this two-way problem. FAO, a specialized agency of the United Nations, is not only helping people to grow more crops, but is also trying to find new sources of food and substitutes rich in vitamins to help balance a country's diet. REDISCOVER OLD FOODS For example, a recent UN ,-ad.o broadcast told how people in many South American countries are learn ing to include more fish, which abound ******* * ★ > A ★ ♦ mm ★ ★ it * mm ★ SB * * 16 OF BY AMD FOR s IKE FEME * A * it it IBi it mm m V? ip y I si «I [$, •K r#si n5 A Co-operatives Are the Balance Wheel That Strengthens Our Free Economy « SIDNEY CO-OP MARKET, Sidney . Lunch FARMERS UNION Oil, COMPANY Opheim, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Havre, Montana Groceries—Meats F.U. CO-OP DAIRYMEN'S ASS'N. of Ravalli County, Stevensville FARMERS UNION ELEVATOR CO. Wolf Point, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY Lindsay, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY Stevensville, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Glendive. Montana F. U. GRAIN & SUPPLY CO Hillings, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Peerless, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Great Falls. Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY Sidney. Montana POWER FARMERS EI-EV. CO. of Power, Montana FARMERS UNION GRAIN CO. of Ponlar, Montana FARMERS UNION TRADING CO. Fairvie w, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY Lcwlstown, Monta nn LAUREL CO-OPERATIVE ASS'N, Laurel, Montana EQUITY CO-OPERATIVE ASS'N. of Rrady, Montana FARMERS UNION Oil, COMPANY Roy, Montana FARMERS UNION CO-OP ASS'N. Cut Rank. Montana FARMERS UNION OIL * SUPER SERVICE STATION of Glasgow FARMERS OIL CO. Monta na WINIFRED Winifred, FARMERS SUPPLY CO-OP. of Conrad, Montana FARMERS UNION ELEVATOR CO. of Kelt, Montana RLEV. & OIL CO. Montana FARMERS UNION I Pendroy, of FARMERS UNION CO-OP OIL CO. of Richey, Montana FARMERS UNION ELEVATOR CO. of Chinook, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Joplin, Montana FARMERS UNION ELEVATOR CO. of Joplin, Montana FARMERS UNION GRAIN CO. of Peerless, AWntnna FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Flaxvllle, Montana FARMERS UNION TRADING CO. of Hutte, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Wolf Point. Montana FARMERS UNION CO-OPERATIVE Miles City, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Circle, Montana FARMERS UNION ELEVATOR CO. of Rudyard, Montana EQUITY CO-OP ASS'N. OF HARLEM Elevator and OH Stations at 'Hogland—Turner FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Townsend, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY Raker. Montana Harlem F. U. OIL & SUPPLY COMPANY of Hinsdale, Montana FARMERS UNION MARKET Nashua, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Geyser, Montana FARMERS UNION SUPER SERVICE of Chinook, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Nashua, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY Froid, Montana FARMERS UNION TRADING ASS'N. Richey. Montana FARMERS UNION EXCHANGE Kalispell, Montana DAGMAR F. U. TRADING Cl^ Dagmar, Montana FARMERS UNION OIL COMPANY of Plentywood, Montana EQUITY CO-OPERATIVE ASS'N. of Geraldine, Montana FARMERS UNION GRAIN CO. Nashua, Montana % off their coasts and are well-stocked with proteins, in their diet. In I urkey, people neglected a wild berry, rich in vitamins, which grew right on their hillsides, simply be cause the habit of eating it had be come "unfashionable." Thanks to the work of an FAO ex pert, a new food possibility was "re discovered" recently in the high pla teau of Peru where it actually has been a staple food of the people since the ancient times of the Incas. The product, known as quinua has a high content of very digestible pro teins, vitamins, starch and other bas-'c nutrients. Rut quinua, had drawbacks, it gave a very low yield per acre, it ripened unevenly, was' hard to thresh and, worst of all, it had a strong, soapy taste. Peruvian specialists got to woik, however, and improved cultivation methods. Field experiments brought forth new and more productive vari eties of quinua, free of these dis agreeable tastes. And the FAO ex pert encouraged commercial firms to process quinua and to offer it o the public in a palatable form—similar to the well known breakfast iood, "corn flakes." When experiments are completed and final results made known the advantages of quinua should lead to its greater use. In Indonesia, where there are very few dairy cows, soybeans and peanuts are produced in large quantities. The serious difficulty has been that products made are not suitable for the young child, because the fibrous material must be removed and unless properly treated, soybeans have a very laxa tive effect on the child. During the last few years, research workers have developed processes of handling soybeans that largely elimi nate this objectionable characteristic. The plan of the Indonesian govern ment is to produce 300 tons per year of the dried product, and this will be comparable to whole milk powder from the standpoint of nutrition. Another development to help o>der children who don't get enough milk is flour made from fish Tests have already been conducted in Chile under the direction of FAQ experts. These tests have shown that during a 50-day period, 140 school children from seven to 14 years of age ate special preparations contain ing the fish flour without even know ing that it was there. £c-ops Boon to Farmers, ^yers Says At Institute ITHACA.—(CNS)—Co-ops have spearheaded major improvements in processing and marketing farm prod ucts and in providing farm supplies and services, Dean W. I. Myers of New York State College of Agricul ture at Cornell told the American In stitute of Co-operation's opening ses sion here August 16. Ca-ops, he said, have benefited members and non members alike. AFL Shunning Politics Says, 83rd Congress Failed Workers NEW YOR KCITY.—The 83rd Congress failed the workers, the farmers and the nation's consumers the AFL Executive Council declared in its session hei-e. The council called upon the people to show their re action at the polls November 2. The AFL said that in judging the record of the 83rd Congress, the council "shunned partisan, political considerations and used only one yard-stick, the public interest." 7 Families Establish Co-op Farm Ontario is about to get its first co operative farm. Seven farmers will move with their families to 900 acres they have pur chased and another 900 they have leased near Kingston, which is at the lower end of Lake Ontario just across the St. Lawrence River from the United States. With the land they got 23 buildings, including eight homes all in a row. They also got with the land some farm equipment to which they will add their own. Harold Ghent, president of the co operative, said each man will special ize, giving his full time to one phase of the work: The sheep, for instance, or the chickens or cattle. At the same time each will have an interest in the whole operation. Before deciding to launch their experiment, the group studied the Matador co-operative farm at Swift Current, Sask., which has 25,000 acres and 40 families. The Matador co-op was established by World War II veterans in May, 1946. It's a Different Bonneville The last step has been taken to turn Bonneville into a meter-reading and bookkeeping operation. Bonne ville will no longer play a dominant part in the development and market ing of power in the Pacific North west. The maneuver to emasculate Bonneville has involved a series of steps. The firing of 603 employes late in July was the denouncement. Oregon State Senator Richard L. Neuberger, in a magazine article written and published prior to the final blow of the hatchet,, anticipated the accomplishment of what he called "the tomahawking of Bonneville." "During its years of expansion and progress, the Bonneville agency had aggressively sought additional dams on the Columbia, the continent's greatest power waterway. Power companies resented this federal 'yard stick' which compelled them to hold down rates. Indeed, the leading pri vate utilities in the Northwest had confidently predicted, in a 1946 re port aimed to stop further govern ment power projects, a surplus of 950,000 kilowatts for the region by 1950. The report had its influence on Congress, although it turned out to be wrong. "By 1950 the Northwest, far from having a surplus of kilowatts, was caught in a desperate shortage. The utilities had sold the region short. Their propoganda had been decisive in blocking Hells Canyon and other needed projects. Nevertheless, Under secretary of the Interior Ralph Tudor, principal McKay henchman in the knifing of the federal power program, announced in December, 1953: 'Bon neville will no longer push for de velopment of power resources, which shall be left more to agencies both public and private of the communities concerned.' By removing the national government from the field of power development, Tudor was virtually in viting the utilities to take over. "In such an atmosphere, the toma hawking of Bonneville was inevit able. HELLS CANYON NEWS. So Jobs Available at loforade Springs Project COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo. — Carpenters Local 515 here is being deluged with letters and telegrams it was reported, pertaining to the newly projected Air Academy. The word is: No work is available yet. Legal Advertising Chapter No. 10(1 AN ACT TO SUBMIT TO THE QUALI FIED ELECTORS OF THE STATE OF MONTANA, AN AMENDMENT TO SEC TION 9 OF ARTICLE VII OF THE CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF MONTANA, RELATING TO THE POW ER OF THE GOVERNOR TO GRANT PARDONS,TO REMIT FINES AND FOR FEITURES. TO GRANT COMMUTA TION OF PUNISHMENT AND RE SPITES AFTER CONVICTION AND JUDGMENT FOR ANY OFFENSES COMMITTED AGAINST THE CRIMI NAL LAWS OF THE STATE; PROVID ING, THAT BEFORE GRANTING PAR DONS, REMITTING FINES AND FOR FEITURES OR COMMUTING PUNISH MENTS, THAT THE ACTION OF THE GOVERNOR CONCERNING THE SAME SHALL BE TAKEN UPON'THE AD VICE OF A BOARD. OR A MAJORITY THEREOF. WHO SHALL BE KNOWN AS THE BOARD OF PARDONS; AND PROVIDING FURTHER THAT THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY, SHALL BY LAW, PRESCRIBE FOR THE AP POINTAIENT AND COMPOSITION OF SAID BOARD OF PARDONS. ITS POW ERS AND DUTIES: AND TO REGU LATE THE PROCEEDINGS THEREOF. BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLA TIVE ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF MONTANA : Section 1. That Section 9 of Article VII of the Constitution of the State of Montana be amended as hereinafter provided and that the question of such amendment be submitted to the quali fied electors of the State of Montana at the next general election. Section 2. That Section 9 of Article AGI of the Constitution of the State of Montana be, and the same is hereby, amended to read as follows: "Section 9. The governor shall have the power to grant pardons, absolute or conditional, and to remit fines and forfeitures, and to grant commutation of punishments and respites after con viction and judgment for any offenses committed against the criminal laws of the state; Provided, however. That efore granting pardons, remitting fines and forfeitures, or commuting punish ments, the governor shall be advised concerning the same and that such ac tion has been approved by a board, or a majority thereof, who shall be known as the board of pardons. The legislative assembly shall by law prescribe for the appointment and composition of said board of pardons, its powers and duties; and regulate the proceedings thereof." Section 3. This amendment shall be submitted to the qualified electors at the general election to be held in No vember 1954, in the manner provided by law, and there shall be printed on such ballot the title of this Act, and immediately below the title of this Act upon said ballot the following: □ For the above amendment." □ Against the above amendment." The elector shall designate his pref erence for either of these propositions by making an "X" in the square be fore the proposition for which he de sires to vote. Section 4. The votes cast for and against the amendment herein pro posed shall be counted, canvassed, and determined by such officials and in such manner as provided by law, and if a majority of all votes cast at such election for and against such amend ment shall be in favor of such amend ment, the governor of the state shall so declare by public proclamation, and said amendment shall be in full force and effect as a part of the constitution from and after the date of such procla mation. Section 5. All Acts and parts of Acts in conflict with »this Act are hereby repealed. Section 6. This Act shall be in full force and effect from and after its passage and approval. Approved: Feb. 28, 1953. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,) ) SS. ) STATE OK MONTANA. I, Sam W. Mitchell,- Secretary of State of the State of Montana, do hereby certify that the foregoing is a true and correct copy of an act entitled: AN ACT TO SUBMIT TO THE QUALIFIED ELECTORS OF THE STATE OP MON TANA, AN AMENDMENT TO SECTION 9 OF ARTICLE VII OF THE CONSTI TUTION OP THE STATE OF MON TANA, RELATING TO THE POWER OF THE GOVERNOR TO GRANT PAR DONS, TO REMIT FINES AND FOR FEITURES, TO GRANT COMMUTA TION OF PUNISHMENT AND RE SPITES AFTER CONVICTION AND JUDGMENT FOR ANY OFFENSES COMMITTED AGAINST THE CRIMI NAL LAWS OF THE STATE; PROVID ING, THAT BEFORE GRANTING PAR DONS, REMITTING FINES AND FOR FEITURES OR COMMUTING PUNISH MENTS, THAT THE ACTION OP THE GOVERNOR CONCERNING THE SAME SHALL BE TAKEN UPON THE AD VICE OP A BOARD, OR A MAJORITY THEREOF. 'WHO SHALL BE KNOWN AS THE BOARD OF PARDONS: AND PROVIDING FURTHER THAT THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY, SHALL BY LAW, PRESCRIBE FOR THE AP POINTMENT AND COMPOSITION OF SAID BOARD OP PARDONS, ITS POW ERS AND DUTIES: AND TO REGU LATE THE PROCEEDINGS THEREOF. IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the Great Seal of the State of Montana, at Helena, the Capital, July 21, 1954. SEAL. SAM W. MITCHELL Secretary of State. By CLIFFORD L. WALKER Deputy. Aug. 6 through Oct. 29, 1954. I PATRONIZE THE CO-OPS—THEY BELONG TO THE USERS.